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1.
Microb Pathog ; 167: 105561, 2022 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35526679

RESUMO

African swine fever (ASF) is a severe disease affecting pigs with high economic losses and endemicity in various parts of the world. So, it represents a serious threat to the global food safety. The disease was discovered in sub-Saharan Africa where still endemic, and first case was recorded in Kenya in 1921. It is now found all over the world; in Africa, Europe, Asia, and the Pacific it already affects more than 50 countries including Republic of Korea, China, Malaysia, Germany, Bhutan, and India. The P72 protein encoded by the B646L gene is the major protein that reveals high reactogenicity and antigenicity. While the P54 plays a significant role in virus pathogenesis especially cell apoptosis. Multiple virus proteins can suppress the apoptosis of the infected cell at an early stage. The disease spreads through contact with the diseased cases, contaminated fomites, and tick bites. Meanwhile, contaminated water sources might be an essential source of infection. The recovered animals have a significant role in disease persistence as silent carriers. Multiple factors might lead to the observed disease seasonality. Route of exposure, infectious dose, and herd immunity are the main determinants of disease severity and clinical signs. The several types of PCR are well-accepted standard tests for early diagnosis. Although commercial ELISAs were stipulated by OIE, it should be combined with some other virology inspections or serological assays. The ASFV-free countries should be protected against the virus entrance especially that all developed vaccines failed to provoke enough immunity status against the challenged virus. Moreover, it accelerates the speed of revealing clinical symptoms.

2.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 10: 874525, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35547816

RESUMO

Zbtb1 (zinc finger and BTB domain containing 1) is a member of mammalian zbtb gene family. A series of bioinformatics analysis was carried out for the EL4 cell and the Zbtb1-deficient EL4 cell by Hi-C, ATAC-seq and RNA-seq techniques. Finally, Hi-C results showed that the intensity of chromatin interaction in the deletion group decreased with distance, the degree of chromosome interaction decreased significantly, the AB division region changed significantly, and the compactness of TAD structure decreased; The results of ATAC-seq showed that the open area and degree of chromatin in the deletion group decreased; 7778 differentially expressed mRNAs were found by RNA-seq. Our experimental results for the first time expounded the significance of Zbtb1 gene for T cell development, lymphocyte production and apoptosis from the aspects of chromosome spatial structure and chromatin opening degree, and provided relevant theoretical basis and data support for the in-depth study of related Zbtb1 genes in the future.

3.
Exp Parasitol ; 238: 108264, 2022 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35523284

RESUMO

Trichinellosis is a food-borne zoonotic parasitic disease that causes serious harm to human health and the pig breeding industry. However, there are reports that Trichinella spiralis (T. spiralis) infection can treat autoimmune diseases, including enteritis and experimental autoimmune encephalitis (EAE). However, research on the mechanism of T. spiralis infection in infectious enteritis has not been fully elucidated. Therefore, this experiment used Citrobacter rodentium (C. rodentium) to induce colitis in mouse models and explored its underlying mechanisms. In this experiment, a total of 72 C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into four groups. Experimental mice in the TS and TS + CR groups were orally inoculated with individual T. spiralis larvae. At 21 days postinfection (dpi) with T. spiralis, experimental animals in the CR and TS + CR groups were inoculated by orogastric gavage with C. rodentium. The control group received PBS only. The results indicated that the weight loss and macroscopic and microscopic colon damage of mice in the TS + CR group were significantly decreased compared with those observed in the CR group. The results of flow cytometry showed that the expression levels of IL-4, IL-10 and CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ Tregs were increased (P < 0.05), while the expression levels of IFN-γ, IL-12 and IL-17 were decreased in the spleens and MLNs of the TS + CR experimental mice compared with the colitis model mice. ELISA results revealed that the TS + CR group not only elicited a strong IgG1 response (P < 0.01) but also a low level of IgG2a response (P < 0.05) relative to the CR group. The above results demonstrated that prior exposure of mice to T. spiralis infection ameliorated the severity of C. rodentium-induced infectious colitis.

4.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 850687, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35464912

RESUMO

Gut bacterial community plays a key role in maintaining host health. The Tibetan pig (Sus scrofa), an ancient breed in China, has been known for its high adaptability to harsh environments and for its meat quality. To understand the underlying mechanisms facilitating to shape these unique features, in this study, 16S rRNA sequencing using pigs feces and subsequent bacterial functional prediction were performed. Also, the gut bacteria of two other breeds of pigs, Barkshire and Landrace, were examined for comparison. It was revealed that the structure of bacterial community in Tibetan pigs appeared to be more complex; the relative abundances of dominant bacterial families varied inversely with those of the other pigs, and the proportion of Firmicutes in Tibetan pigs was lower, but Bacteroides, Fibrobacterota, Lachnospiraceae, Oscillospiraceae, and Ruminococcaceae were higher. Bacterial functional prediction revealed that the dominant flora in the Tibetan pigs was more correlated with functions regulating the hosts' immune and inflammatory responses, such as NOD-like_receptor_signaling_pathway and vitamin metabolism. In addition, in Tibetan pigs, the taxonomic relationships in the gut bacteria on day 350 were closer than those on earlier stages. Furthermore, gender played a role in the composition and function of bacterial inhabitants in the gut; for boars, they were more correlated to drug resistance and xenobiotics metabolism of the host compared to the sows. In sum, our preliminary study on the gut bacterial composition of the Tibetan pigs provided an insight into the underlying host-microorganism interactions, emphasizing the role of intestinal bacteria in the context of modulating the host's immune system and host development.

5.
Polymers (Basel) ; 14(8)2022 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35458367

RESUMO

The flame retardancy of layered double hydroxides (LDHs) correlates with their structure and dispersion in a polymeric matrix. To improve the flame retardant effectiveness of Mg-Al LDH in polyethylene (PE), 2-carboxy ethyl (phenyl) phosphinic acid (CEPPA) was adopted as a flame retardant modifier to prepare CEPPA-intercalated LDH (CLDH) by the regeneration method, which was then exfoliated in PE by melt blending in the form of a masterbatch prepared from solution mixing. By compounding CLDH with intumescent flame retardant (IFR) composed of ammonium polyphosphate (APP) and pentaerythritol (PER), the thermal degradation and combustion behaviors of the flame retardant PE-based composites were investigated to reveal the flame retardant mechanism between CLDH and IFR in PE. The reactions between CLDH and IFR were revealed to make a predominant contribution to the compact and fully developed char of PE/IFR/CLDH, which enhanced the flame retardancy of the composites.

6.
Front Immunol ; 13: 852300, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35309312

RESUMO

Largemouth bass iridovirus (LMBV) can cause high mortality and lead to heavy economic loss in the cultivation of largemouth bass, but there was no effective treatment. Here, the present study constructed a recombinant Pichia pastoris expressing LMBV major capsid protein (MCPD). The recombinant GS115-pW317-MCPD was then used to immunize largemouth bass via oral administration, and mucosal immune response mediated by immunoglobulins (Igs) was measured after oral immunization. Serum antibody levels were measured by ELISA, neutralizing antibody titers were determined by serum neutralization test (SNT), antigen presentation-related gene expressions were detected by RT-PCR, and the histopathological characteristics of immunized fish were assessed after challenging with 0.1 ml 107.19 TCID50/ml LMBV. The relative percentage survival (RPS) was also determined. Our results showed that the serum antibody titers of immunized fish were significantly higher than that of control groups (P < 0.05). IgT and IgM expressions in gut were increased significantly after vaccination with GS115-pW317-MCPD; however, much stronger response in gut was observed as compared with gill. The expression levels of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) II, CD8, and T-cell receptor (TCR) were significantly elevated in GS115-pW317-MCPD group (P < 0.05), while CD4 and MHC I transcription levels remained unchanged after oral immunization (P > 0.05). The RPS of fish orally immunized with 1.0 × 108 CFU/g GS115-pW317-MCPD was reached up to 41.6% after challenge with 0.1 ml 109.46 TCID50/ml LMBV. Moreover, orally immunizing with GS115-pW317-MCPD can relieve the pathological damage caused by LMBV. Therefore, GS115-pW317-MCPD showed a promising potential against LMBV.


Assuntos
Bass , Infecções por Vírus de DNA , Doenças dos Peixes , Iridovirus , Animais , Proteínas do Capsídeo/genética , Doenças dos Peixes/prevenção & controle , Pichia/genética , Saccharomycetales , Vacinação
7.
Poult Sci ; 101(5): 101771, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35272108

RESUMO

Eimeria tenella (E. tenella) is the most pathogenic genus in Eimeria and can lead to a huge number of deaths of chickens, causing significant economic losses in the poultry industry worldwide. As a natural alkaloid, sanguinarine has many medicinal effects; to a certain extent, it can replace antibiotics and has good application prospects in veterinary medicine. To evaluate the effect of sanguinarine on sporozoites of E.tenella, we used flow cytometry and immunofluorescence staining to detect reactive oxygen species (ROS), mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), calcium ion (Ca2+), and caspase-3 activation in E.tenella sporozoites treated with different concentrations of sanguinarine. The results of flow cytometry showed that sanguinarine could inhibit the invasion of sporozoites of E.tenella in vitro (P < 0.05) and increase the reactive oxygen species and calcium ions in the sporozoites (P < 0.05). The results of immunofluorescence staining showed that sanguinarine could decrease the mitochondrial membrane potential of sporozoites. Our analysis suggests that sanguinarine can induce apoptosis of E. tenella sporozoites through reactive oxygen species-mediated reduction of the mitochondrial membrane potential and an increase in calcium ion concentration. It follows that sanguinarine is likely to be a novel type of anticoccidiosis drug with good research and clinical application prospects.


Assuntos
Coccidiose , Eimeria tenella , Doenças das Aves Domésticas , Animais , Apoptose , Benzofenantridinas , Cálcio/farmacologia , Galinhas , Coccidiose/tratamento farmacológico , Coccidiose/veterinária , Eimeria tenella/fisiologia , Isoquinolinas , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/tratamento farmacológico , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Esporozoítos/fisiologia
8.
Vaccines (Basel) ; 10(3)2022 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35334986

RESUMO

African Swine Fever Virus (ASFV) has spread worldwide, and the lack of vaccines severely negatively impacts the pig industry. In this study, the p14.5 protein encoded by ASFV was used as the antigen, and the p14.5 gene was expressed in vitro using the Lactobacillus expression system. Three new functionally recombinant Lactobacillus plantarum (L. plantarum) were constructed and the expressions of the p14.5 protein, p14.5-IL-33-Mus fusion protein and CTA1-p14.5-D-D fusion protein were successfully detected using Western blot analysis. After oral immunization of SPF mice with recombinant L. plantarum, flow cytometry and ELISA were performed to detect the differentiation and maturity of T lymphocytes, B lymphocytes and DCs of the mice, which were higher than those of the control group. Specific antibodies were produced. The immunogenicity of the adjuvant group was stronger than that of the single antigen group, and the IL-33 adjuvant effect was stronger than that of the CTA1-DD adjuvant.

9.
Small ; 18(12): e2107437, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35174965

RESUMO

CaZnOS-based semiconductors are the only series of material system discovered that can simultaneously realize a large number of dopant elements to directly fulfill the highly efficient full-spectrum functionality from ultraviolet to near-infrared under the same force/pressure. Nevertheless, owing to the high agglomeration of the high temperature solid phase manufacturing process, which is unable to control the crystal morphology, the application progress is limited. Here, the authors report first that CaZnOS-based fine monodisperse semiconductor crystals with various doping ions are successfully synthesized by a molten salt shielded method in an air environment. This method does not require inert gas ventilation, and therefore can greatly reduce the synthesis cost and more importantly improve the fine control of the crystal morphology, along with the crystals' dispersibility and stability. These doped semiconductors can not only realize different colors of mechanical-to-optical energy conversion, but also can achieve multicolor luminescence under low-dose X-ray irradiation, moreover their intensities are comparable to the commercial NaI:Tl. They can pave the way to the new fields of advanced optoelectronic applications, such as piezophotonic systems, mechanical energy conversion and harvesting devices, intelligent sensors, and artificial skin as well as X-ray applications.

10.
Transbound Emerg Dis ; 2022 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35156318

RESUMO

Pathogens from wild animals cause approximately 60% of emerging infectious diseases (EIDs). Studies on the immune systems of natural hosts are helpful for preventing the spread of EIDs. Bats are natural hosts for many emerging infectious pathogens and have a unique immune system that often coexists with pathogens without infection. Previous studies have shown that some genes and proteins may help bats fight virus infection, but little is known about the function of the bat gut microbiome on immunity. Here, we transplanted gut microbiota from wild bats (Great Himalayan Leaf-nosed bats, Hipposideros armiger) into antibiotic-treated mice, and found that the gut microbiota from bats regulated the immune system faster than mice after antibiotic treatment. Moreover, we infected mice with H1N1, and found that the gut microbiota of bats could effectively protect mice, leading to decreased inflammatory response and increased survival rate. Finally, metabolomics analysis showed that the gut microbiota of bats produced more flavonoid and isoflavones. Our results demonstrate that the quick-start innate immune response endowed by bat gut microbiota and the regulatory and antiviral effects of gut microbiota metabolites successfully ensured mouse survival after viral challenge. To our knowledge, our study was the first to use fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) to transplant the gut microbiota of bats into mice, and the first to provide evidence that the gut microbiota of bats confers tolerance to viral infections.

11.
Vet Res ; 53(1): 7, 2022 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35073979

RESUMO

The type I interferon (IFN-I) signaling pathway is an important part of the innate immune response and plays a vital role in controlling and eliminating pathogens. African swine fever virus (ASFV) encodes various proteins to evade the host's natural immunity. However, the molecular mechanism by which the ASFV-encoded proteins inhibit interferon production remains poorly understood. In the present study, ASFV MGF360-11L inhibited cGAS, STING, TBK1, IKKε, IRF7 and IRF3-5D mediated activation of the IFN-ß and ISRE promoters, accompanied by decreases in IFN-ß, ISG15 and ISG56 mRNA expression. ASFV MGF360-11L interacted with TBK1 and IRF7, degrading TBK1 and IRF7 through the cysteine, ubiquitin-proteasome and autophagy pathways. Moreover, ASFV MGF360-11L also inhibited the phosphorylation of TBK1 and IRF3 stimulated by cGAS-STING overexpression. Truncation mutation analysis revealed that aa 167-353 of ASFV MGF360-11L could inhibit cGAS-STING-mediated activation of the IFN-ß and ISRE promoters. Finally, the results indicated that ASFV MGF360-11L plays a significant role in inhibiting IL-1ß, IL-6 and IFN-ß production in PAM cells (PAMs) infected with ASFV. In short, these results demonstrated that ASFV MGF360-11L was involved in regulating IFN-I expression by negatively regulating the cGAS signaling pathway. In summary, this study preliminarily clarified the molecular mechanism by which the ASFV MGF360-11L protein antagonizes IFN-I-mediated antiviral activity, which will help to provide new strategies for the treatment and prevention of ASF.


Assuntos
Vírus da Febre Suína Africana , Febre Suína Africana , Interferon Tipo I , Doenças dos Suínos , Febre Suína Africana/patologia , Febre Suína Africana/virologia , Vírus da Febre Suína Africana/metabolismo , Animais , Interferon Tipo I/genética , Interferon beta , Interferons/imunologia , Nucleotidiltransferases/genética , Nucleotidiltransferases/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Suínos , Doenças dos Suínos/patologia
12.
Turk J Gastroenterol ; 33(1): 62-67, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35040789

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Quantitative serum hepatitis B surface antigen (HbsAg) has been widely used as a biomarker for treatment response and prognosis in chronic hepatitis B infection, and has recently been found associated with liver histology in e-antigen positive patients. A histological measurement as a continuous variable-collagen proportionate area (CPA)-is appropriate to assess liver fibrosis degree and substages cirrhosis. We, therefore, aimed to explore the association between serum quantitative HBsAg and CPA in e antigenpositive hepatitis B cirrhosis. METHODS: Liver fibrosis staging was evaluated by METAVIR semiquantitative scoring system, only patients with METAVIR fibrosis stage 4 were included. All liver sections were stained with picroSirius red for determination of collagen quantification by digital image analysis. RESULTS: Mean CPA value was 23.46%. The percentage of patients with different classification of CPA (30%) were 25.8%, 57.8%, and 16.4%, respectively. A modest correlation was found between CPA and serum HBsAg level (r = -0.306, P =.001). Hepatitis B surface antigen level is independently associated with CPA in multivariable linear regression analyses. CONCLUSION: Serum HBsAg levels can predict liver fibrosis determined by CPA in HBeAg-positive hepatitis B cirrhosis.


Assuntos
Antígenos E da Hepatite B , Hepatite B Crônica , Colágeno/análise , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Humanos , Fígado/patologia , Cirrose Hepática/complicações
13.
ACS Nano ; 16(2): 2789-2797, 2022 02 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35060692

RESUMO

Tactile sensors with multimode sensing ability are cornerstones of artificial skin for applications in humanoid robotics and smart prosthetics. However, the intuitive and interference-free reading of multiple tactile signals without involving complex algorithms and calculations remains a challenge. Herein a pressure-temperature bimodal tactile sensor without any interference is demonstrated by combining the fundamentally different sensing mechanisms of optics and electronics, enabling the simultaneous and independent sensing of pressure and temperature with the elimination of signal separation algorithms and calculations. The bimodal sensor comprises a mechanoluminescent hybrid of ZnS-CaZnOS and a poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) thermoresistant material, endowing the unambiguous transduction of pressure and temperature into optical and electrical signals, respectively. This device exhibits the highest temperature sensitivity of -0.6% °C-1 in the range of 21-60 °C and visual sensing of the applied forces at a low limitation of 2 N. The interference-free and light-emitting characteristics of this device permit user-interactive applications in robotics for encrypted communication as well as temperature and pressure monitoring, along with wireless signal transmission. This work provides an unexplored solution to signal interference of multimodal tactile sensors, which can be extended to other multifunctional sensing devices.


Assuntos
Robótica , Tato , Eletrônica , Próteses e Implantes , Temperatura
14.
Support Care Cancer ; 30(3): 2613-2620, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34812953

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aims to explore the barriers that adult patients with hematologic neoplasms experience when seeking psychosocial support. METHODS: A descriptive qualitative approach was used to investigate the experiences of patients with hematologic neoplasms. Face-to-face, semi-structured, in-depth individual interviews were conducted between June and October 2020 with 17 patients diagnosed with hematologic neoplasms. The interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. A thematic analysis was performed to identify the essential themes. RESULTS: Seventeen patients aged 28-67 years completed the interviews. Two themes and six subthemes were identified that describe barriers to seeking psychosocial support. Internal barriers included limited communication, negative emotions, social avoidance, and focusing on treatment rather than psychosocial needs; external barriers included traditional cultural influences and lack of professional support. CONCLUSIONS: Significant others were the key source for psychosocial support for patients with hematologic neoplasms. Tackling diverse barriers to accessing psychosocial support remains a challenge for these patients. Healthcare providers should continually assess and provide effective support.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hematológicas , Sistemas de Apoio Psicossocial , Adulto , Comunicação , Pessoal de Saúde , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa
15.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 106(2): 729-742, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34971411

RESUMO

Avian leukosis, caused by avian leukosis virus (ALV), is an infectious tumor disease and severely hinders the development of the poultry industry. The use of Lactobacillus plantarum (L. plantarum) could effectively alleviate viremia in the early period of J subgroup ALV (ALV-J) infection. In this study, an invasive L. plantarum NC8 expressing Gp85 protein of ALV-J was constructed. After chickens were orally administered the recombinant invasive NC8, the levels of expression of CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes in peripheral blood and spleen by flow cytometry and the proliferation ability of splenocytes by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay were examined, and the contents of cytokines, the anti-ALV-J antibody in serum, and mucosal antibody sIgA in intestinal lavage fluid were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The immunoprotective efficiency was evaluated by monitoring the infection rate, the percent of cloacal swabs and survival, body weight gain, the organ indexes, and relative virus loads after challenge with ALV-J. The results showed that the recombinant invasive strain (FnBPA-gp85) could promote the expression levels of the CD8+T cells in peripheral blood and spleen, the proliferation of splenocytes, the secretions of cytokines interleukin 2 (IL-2) and γ-interferon (IFN-γ), and the production of IgG and sIgA compared with the PBS and FnBPA control groups in chickens. The FnBPA-gp85 group was exhibited the highest immune protection against ALV-J infection. The above results indicated that the recombinant invasive NC8 could promote the cellular immunity, humoral immunity, and mucosal immunity responses in chicken and provide a new method for exploring the live vaccine against ALV-J.Key points• The FnBPA-gp85 strain could enhance cellular immunity response.• The FnBPA-gp85 strain could improve the immune protection against ALV-J infection.


Assuntos
Vírus da Leucose Aviária , Leucose Aviária , Lactobacillus plantarum , Doenças das Aves Domésticas , Animais , Anticorpos Antivirais , Leucose Aviária/prevenção & controle , Vírus da Leucose Aviária/genética , Galinhas , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/prevenção & controle , Proteínas do Envelope Viral/genética
16.
Nat Nanotechnol ; 17(3): 292-300, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34949774

RESUMO

Electrical impulse generation and its conduction within cells or cellular networks are the cornerstone of electrophysiology. However, the advancement of the field is limited by sensing accuracy and the scalability of current recording technologies. Here we describe a scalable platform that enables accurate recording of transmembrane potentials in electrogenic cells. The platform employs a three-dimensional high-performance field-effect transistor array for minimally invasive cellular interfacing that produces faithful recordings, as validated by the gold standard patch clamp. Leveraging the high spatial and temporal resolutions of the field-effect transistors, we measured the intracellular signal conduction velocity of a cardiomyocyte to be 0.182 m s-1, which is about five times the intercellular velocity. We also demonstrate intracellular recordings in cardiac muscle tissue constructs and reveal the signal conduction paths. This platform could provide new capabilities in probing the electrical behaviours of single cells and cellular networks, which carries broad implications for understanding cellular physiology, pathology and cell-cell interactions.


Assuntos
Fenômenos Eletrofisiológicos , Miócitos Cardíacos , Potenciais de Ação , Comunicação Celular
17.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 112: 280-290, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34955212

RESUMO

Although widely used in permeation reaction barrier (PRB) for strengthening the removal of various heavy metals, zero-valent iron (ZVI) is limited by various inherent drawbacks, such as easy passivation and poor electron transfer. As a solution, a synergistic system with PRB and electrokinetics (PRB-EK) was established and applied for the efficient removal of Cr(VI)-contaminated groundwater. As the filling material of PRB, ZVI/Fe3O4/activated carbon (ZVI/Fe3O4/AC) composites were synthesized by ball milling and thermal treatment. A series of continuous flow column experiments and batch tests was conducted to evaluate the removal efficiency of Cr(VI). Results showed that the removal efficiency of Cr(VI) remained above 93% even when the bed volume (BV) reached 2000 under the operational parameters (iron/AC mass ratio, 2:1; current, 5 mA). The mechanism of Cr(VI) removal by the PRB-EK system was revealed through field emission scanning electron microscopy images, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Fe2+ concentration, and redox potential (Eh) values. The key in Cr(VI) reduction was the Fe2+/Fe3+ cycle driven by the surface microelectrolysis of the composites. The application of an externally supplied weak direct current maintained the redox process by enhancing the electron transfer capability of the system, thereby prolonging the column lifetime. Cr(VI) chemical speciation was determined through sequential extraction, verifying the stability and safety of the system. These findings provide a scientific basis for PRB design and the in-situ remediation of Cr(VI)-contaminated groundwater.


Assuntos
Água Subterrânea , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Cromo/análise , Ferro , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
18.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 806290, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34956935

RESUMO

In previous experiments, we identified the effect of deletion of the Zbtb1 gene on circRNAs and microRNAs. In this study, we examined the expression profiles of lncRNAs and mRNAs using the RNA-seq method for Zbtb1-deficient EL4 cells and performed a clustering analysis of differentially expressed lncRNAs and mRNAs. GO term histograms and KEGG scatter plots were drawn. For the experimental results, a joint analysis was performed, which predicted the regulatory relationships among lncRNAs, mRNAs, microRNAs and circRNAs. For the regulatory relationship between lncRNAs and target genes, the chromatin structure and the degree of openness were verified for the possible target gene locations regulated by lncRNA using experimental methods such as Hi-C and ATAC-seq. Ultimately, the possible differential regulation of the Brcal and Dennd5d genes by lncRNAs and the differential changes in transcription factor binding sites in the promoter region were identified. For neRNA-regulated target genes with significantly differentially expressed mRNAs, a combined screen was performed, and the final obtained candidate target genes were subjected to GO and KEGG term enrichment analyses. Our results illustrate that the Zbtb1 gene can not only function as a regulatory factor but also regulate EL4 cells from multiple perspectives based on ceRNA theory.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante , Linhagem Celular , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Circular , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética
19.
Front Immunol ; 12: 800965, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34925386

RESUMO

Avian influenza viruses can be efficiently transmitted through mucous membranes, and conventional vaccines are not effective in protecting against mucosal infection by influenza viruses. To induce multiple immune responses in an organism, we constructed a recombinant Lactobacillus plantarum expressing the influenza virus antigen HA1 with the adjuvant dendritic cell-targeting peptide (DCpep). The recombinant L. plantarum strains NC8Δ-pWCF-HA1 and NC8Δ-pWCF-HA1-DCpep were used to immunize mice via oral administration, and the humoral, cellular and mucosal immune responses were evaluated. In addition, the serum levels of specific antibodies and hemagglutination inhibition (HI) levels were also measured. Our results showed that recombinant L. plantarum activated dendritic cells in Peyer's patches (PPs), increased the numbers of CD4+IFN-γ+ and CD8+IFN-γ+ cells in the spleen and mesenteric lymph nodes (MLNs), and affected the ability of CD4+ and CD8+ cells to proliferate in the spleen and MLNs. Additionally, recombinant L. plantarum increased the number of B220+IgA+ cells in PPs and the level of IgA in the lungs and different intestinal segments. In addition, specific IgG, IgG1 and IgG2a antibodies were induced at high levels in the mice serum, specific IgA antibodies were induced at high levels in the mice feces, and HI potency was significantly increased. Thus, the recombinant L. plantarum strains NC8Δ-pWCF-HA1 and NC8Δ-pWCF-HA1-DCpep have potential as vaccine candidates for avian influenza virus.


Assuntos
Glicoproteínas de Hemaglutininação de Vírus da Influenza/imunologia , Vacinas contra Influenza/imunologia , Lactobacillus plantarum , Animais , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Antígenos Virais/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/imunologia , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/prevenção & controle , Vacinas Sintéticas/imunologia
20.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 760919, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34803703

RESUMO

Resveratrol (RES) and Vitamin E (VE) are anti-cancer active ingredients with relatively high content in peanut seeds and sprouts. This study aimed to determine the synergistic inhibitory effect of RES and VE on colorectal cancer. Using 5-FU as a positive drug control, the effect of RES combined with VE on HCT-8 cells was determined, and cell viability was detected using the cell-counting kit 8 (CCK8) method. Cell morphology changes were observed using optical microscopy. Cell migration ability was evaluated by the scratch test, while cell colonies were determined by the cloning test formation ability. Apoptosis status was assessed by flow cytometry and nuclear staining by DAPI, and the expression level of apoptosis-related proteins was determined by western blotting. Compared with the single component group, the RES combined with VE group significantly inhibited the growth and proliferation of HCT-8 intestinal cancer cells in vitro. The RES combined with VE group had a greater impact on cell morphology changes and cell colony formation and significantly reduced cell migration ability and intestinal cancer cell apoptosis (p < 0.05). Additionally, combined treatment with RES and VE significantly upregulated the expression of pro-apoptotic proteins BAX, caspase-3, caspase-8, and caspase-9, and downregulated the expression of anti-apoptotic protein BCL-2, compared to the single component treatment. RES combined with VE is effective in promoting intestinal cancer cell apoptosis. This study demonstrated the significant positive synergy of RES and VE on HCT-8 cells, providing a new perspective for more effective use of RES.

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