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1.
Inorg Chem ; 2020 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32323981

RESUMO

Transition metal phosphides (TMPs) have gained increased attention in energy storage due to their potential applications for optimizing electrochemical performances. However, their preparation routes usually require highly toxic and flammable phosphorus sources with strict reaction conditions. The existence of multiple energetically favorable stoichiometries also makes it a challenge to achieve phase control of metal phosphides. In this work, we have successfully realized the phase-controllable framework of cobalt phosphide from Co2P to CoP by employing a semi-interpenetrating network (semi-IPN) hydrogel as a precursor. Interestingly, the semi-IPN hydrogel could serve as a self-assembly/sacrificing template to accomplish 3D space confinement, where poly(vinylphosphonic acid) (PVPA) was identified as a prominent phosphorus source due to its strong metal complexation ability and high thermal stability. Furthermore, this route is successfully extended to the synthesis of other TMPs, including Fe2P, Ni2P, and Cu3P. The specific structure of cobalt phosphides gives rise to superior lithium storage performance, showing superior cycling stability (495.2 mAh g-1 after 1000 cycles at 2.0 A g-1). This approach envisions a new outlook on exploitation of essential functional hydrogels for the creation of inorganic materials toward sustainable energy development.

2.
Mikrochim Acta ; 186(11): 735, 2019 10 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31673799

RESUMO

Prussian Blue nanoparticles were deposited on g-C3N4 nanosheets. The resulting nanocomposite possesses peroxidase-like (POx) activity and can catalyze the oxidation of 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine at room temperature in the presence of H2O2. This leads to formation of a blue product with an absorption maximum at 650 nm. The formation of the Prussian Blue nanoparticles on the g-C3N4 nanosheets, and the POx-like activity of the composite were characterized in detail. The POx mimic was used for determination of L-lactic acid via detection of H2O2 that is produced by the enzyme lactate oxidase (LOx). The assay has a linear range that extends from 5 to 100 µM, and the detection limit is 2.2 µM. The method was successfully applied to the determination of L-lactic acid in spiked human serum. Graphical abstract Ultra-small Prussian Blue (PB) nanoparticles were used to modify g-C3N4 nanosheets, and their peroxidase-like activity was explored for detection of L-lactic acid. LOx represent L-lactate oxidase, and TMB represents 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine.

3.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(58): 8422-8425, 2019 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257398

RESUMO

A tough double-network (DN) organohydrogel, obtained by simply soaking a poly(2-acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulfonic acid)/polyacrylamide (PAMPS/PAAm) hydrogel in an ethylene glycol solution of lithium chloride, retains high mechanical performance, flexibility (-80 to 120 °C) and conductivity (-20 to 120 °C), paving the way towards broad applications.

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