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1.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(5): 566-568, 2020 May 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32388960

RESUMO

The evaluation of female fertility at first diagnosis is an important premise and basis for determining the treatment scheme of assisted reproduction. In this study, a survey was conducted among 13 assisted reproductive institutions in China to understand the evaluation indicators and detection methods of female fertility at first diagnosis in various institutions, and provide a basis for reasonable selection of indicators. The survey showed that the indicators of female fertility evaluation at first diagnosis among assisted reproductive institutions included general health indicators, ovarian reserve indicators, and uterine conditions, etc. The selection of indicators was considerably consistent, but the detection methods were quite different. Therefore, it is necessary to choose the detection method with better validity and less harm.

2.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(5): 577-580, 2020 May 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32388963

RESUMO

As a way of female fertility preservation, oocyte cryopreservation technology(OCT) has attracted more attention from the society. The health technology assessment (HTA) research progresses on OCT are important evidence basis for OCT clinical application promotion. Literatures on the maternal and offspring safety, efficacy and social ethics assessment of OCT were reviewed in this paper. Based on the current OCT evaluation evidence, short-term safety and effectiveness were confirmed, but long-term maternal and child safety should be testified in a large scale follow-up study. Social ethics evaluation methods of human assisted reproductive technology(ART) research were still in the exploratory stage. Therefore, it is necessary to establish the social ethics evaluation methods and system of human ART, including OCT, in China.

3.
BMJ Open ; 10(5): e035003, 2020 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32371513

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Ageing is associated with a multitude of healthcare issues including dementia, depression, frailty, morbidity associated with chronic disease and high healthcare utilisation. With Singapore's population projected to age significantly over the next two decades, it has become increasingly important to understand the disease burden and etiological process among older adults. The Community Health and Intergenerational study aims to holistically examine ageing in place by investigating the resilience and vulnerability factors of the ageing process in the biological, psychological and social domains within the environment. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Using a cohort multiple randomised controlled trial design, comprehensive health profiles of community-dwelling older adults will be collected. The objective is to recruit 1000 participants (aged 60-99 years) living in the western region of Singapore within a period of 3 years (2018-2020). Assessments include basic sociodemographic, physical health and function (cardiac, oral and blood profiles and visual function), cognitive functioning, daily functioning, physical fitness, emotional state, free-flowing speech, sleep quality, social connectedness, caregiver burden, intergenerational communication, quality of life, life satisfaction, attitudes to ageing and gratitude and compassion. Results from the cohort will enable future studies to identify at-risk groups and develop interventions to improve the physical and mental health and quality of life of older adults. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Approval of the cohort study by the National University of Singapore Institutional Review Board (NUS-IRB Reference code: H-17-047) was obtained on 12 October 2017. Written consent will be obtained from all participants. Findings from the cohort study will be disseminated by publication of peer-reviewed manuscripts, presentations at scientific meetings and conferences with local stakeholders.

4.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(20): 1539-1543, 2020 May 26.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32450641

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical features and risk factors of hospital-associated venous thromboembolism (VTE). Methods: The study enrolled acute VTE patients admitted into China-Japan Friendship Hospital from January 1, 2017 to December 31, 2017. The hospital-associated VTE (HA-VTE) group and the community-associated VTE (CA-VTE) group were classified according to whether the VTE occurred during hospitalization or within a 90-day period of admission to hospital (including inpatient with at least two days of hospital stay or a surgical procedure under general or regional anaesthesia). Differences in clinical features, risk factors, and mortality rate were compared between the two groups. Results: A total of 437 patients with acute VTE were analyzed in the study. Among them, 266 patients were HA-VTE, 171 patients were CA-VTE. Patients in the CA-VTE group were more likely to have varicose veins, sedentary, long-distance travel, and patients in the HA-VTE group were more complicated with recent surgery (<1 month), bed rest, active malignant tumor, acute infections, acute cerebral infarction, fracture, central venous catheter (P<0.05). The CA-VTE group had more clinical symptoms such as lower extremity pain, dyspnea, chest pain and chest tightness (P<0.05). HA-VTE patients had less clinical symptoms but were more severe than the CA-VTE patients, with more sudden deaths (0 vs 3.4%, P=0.035). Among HA-VTE patients, 92.8% experienced VTE during hospitalization or within 1 month of the preceding hospital encounter, with a 13-day median time to VTE. The all-cause mortality rate was higher for HA-VTE group than CA-VTE group (8.3% vs 1.2%, P<0.001), and the in-hospital VTE was more common compared to VTE diagnosed post-discharge (12.2% vs 3.4%, P<0.001). Conclusions: More than half events of VTE are related to recent hospitalizations. HA-VTE has different risk factors from CA-VTE, combined with fewer clinical symptoms but higher all-cause mortality rate. More attention about VTE should be paid to hospitalized patients to reduce the incidence of HA-VTE events.

6.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(3): 216-221, 2020 Mar 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32252200

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of compound matrine injection on morphine tolerance in mice with lung cancer in situ and the expressions of multidrug resistance gene 1 (MDR1) and P-glycoprotein (P-gp). Methods: A mouse model of lung cancer in situ and morphine tolerance mode was established. The mice were injected with gradient concentration of compound matrine. The pain thresholds under different conditions were measured by thermal radiation tail-flick method. The mRNA level of MDR1 was tested by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and the protein level of P-gp was detected by western blot. The DNA binding activity of cyclophosphoadenosine response element binding protein (CREB) to the promoter of MDR1 gene was detected by electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA). Results: The maximum analgesic percentage (MPE) of the mice in the morphine group was (85.21±6.53)% on the 8th day, and decreased to (38.45±5.52)% and (28.14±4.52)% on the 10th and 12th day, respectively, which indicated the morphine tolerance of mice with lung cancer in situ.The MPE of the mice in the group treated with morphine and compound matrine injection (300 mg/kg) was (79.34±6.50)% on the 8th day, and decreased to (62.16±5.53)% and (40.20±4.50)% on the 10th and 12th day, respectively.The results of RT-PCR assay showed that the relative expression levels of MDR1 mRNA in the brain tissues of mice in the morphine group, saline group, morphine combined with compound matrine injection (300 mg/kg) group and compound matrine injection (200 mg/kg) group were 2.33±0.79, 1.04±0.38, 1.37±0.38, and 1.43±0.53, respectively. There were statistically significant differences between the morphine group and the normal saline group, the morphine group and the morphine combined with compound matrine injection (300 mg/kg) group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the normal saline group and the compound matrine injection (200 mg/kg) group (P=0.05). The results of western blot showed that the relative expression levels of P-gp protein in the brain tissue of mice in the morphine group, saline group, and morphine combined with compound matrine injection (300 mg/kg) group were 1.86±0.40, 1.00±0.23, and 1.27±0.27, respectively. The expression of P-gp protein in the morphine group was significantly higher than those of the normal saline group and the morphine combined with compound matrine injection (300 mg/kg) group (P<0.05). The DNA-binding activity of CREB in the saline group was (0.23±0.07) Pu, significantly lower than (0.89±0.23) Pu of morphine combined with naloxone group and (0.80±0.23) Pu of morphine group (P<0.05). While the CREB DNA binding activity of morphine combined with compound matrine injection (300 mg/kg) group was (0.79±0.21) Pu, implicated that compound matrine had marginal effect on the DNA-binding activity of CREB (P>0.05). Conclusion: Compound matrine injection can significantly improve morphine tolerance and drug resistance of lung cancer through inhibiting the upregulations of MDR1 and P-gp induced by morphine.


Assuntos
Membro 1 da Subfamília B de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Alcaloides/efeitos adversos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Genes MDR , Neoplasias Pulmonares/fisiopatologia , Morfina/farmacologia , Quinolizinas/efeitos adversos , Membro 1 da Subfamília B de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Alcaloides/administração & dosagem , Animais , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Camundongos , Quinolizinas/administração & dosagem
7.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 36(4): 252-259, 2020 Apr 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32340414

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical effects of fiberoptic bronchoscopy airway lavage (FBAL) in the treatment of extremely severe burn patients with severe inhalation injury. Methods: From January 2015 to January 2019, 47 extremely severe burn patients with severe inhalation injury who were hospitalized in Tongren Hospital of Wuhan University & Wuhan Third Hospital, meeting the inclusion criteria, were recruited in this retrospective cohort study. According to whether or not they were treated with FBAL, the patients were divided into fiberoptic bronchoscopy group (23 cases, 19 males and 4 females) and routine group (24 cases, 20 males and 4 females), with the age of (44±11) and (49±9) years, and the admission time of 4 (3, 4) h and 4 (3, 5) h respectively. The patients in routine group were given routine comprehensive treatment, and the patients in fiberoptic bronchoscopy group were treated with FBAL on the basis of routine comprehensive treatment. The pH value, arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO(2)), arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO(2)), arterial oxygen saturation (SaO(2)), oxygenation index, white blood cell count (WBC), neutrophils, blood lactic acid, and procalcitonin (PCT) at admission and on post injury day (PID) 3, 5, 7, and 10, the time of mechanical ventilation, the day of intensive care unit (ICU) stay, the incidence of complications and death within PID 28 were compared between the two study groups. The occurrences of bronchospasm and asphyxia of patients in fiberoptic bronchoscopy group were monitored. Data were statistically analyzed with independent sample t test, Mann-Whitney U test, Bonferroni correction, chi-square test, and Fisher's exact probability test. Results: (1) At admission, the values of pH, PaO(2), PaCO(2), SaO(2), and oxygenation index of patients in the two groups were similar (Z=-0.118, -0.320, -0.362, -2.416, -0.234, P>0.05). On PID 3, 5, 7, and 10, the values of pH, PaO(2), SaO(2), and oxygenation index of patients in fiberoptic bronchoscopy group were significantly higher than those of routine group (Z(3 d)=-4.711, -4.161, -5.525, -2.661; Z(5 d)=-3.489, -4.678, -5.875, -3.599; Z(7 d)=-5.104, -4.619, -5.876, -4.844; Z(10 d)=-4.026, -5.698, -5.877, -4.716; P<0.05 or P<0.01). The PaCO(2) values of patients in fiberoptic bronchoscopy group were significantly lower than those of routine group (Z=-2.895, -3.162, -3.407, -2.831, P<0.05 or P<0.01). (2) At admission and on PID 3, 5, and 7, the values of WBC, blood lactic acid, and PCT of patients in the two groups were similar (Z=-0.830, -0.915, -0.458, -0.648, -1.714, -1.479; -0.330, -0.128, -1.766, -0.494, -1.396, -1.522, P>0.05). On PID 10, the values of WBC, blood lactic acid, and PCT of patients in fiberoptic bronchoscopy group were significantly lower than those of routine group (Z=-3.502, -2.630, -2.662, P<0.05 or P<0.01). At admission, the value of neutrophils of patients in fiberoptic bronchoscopy group was 0.887 (0.862, 0.912), which was similar to 0.887 (0.856, 0.897) in routine group (Z=-0.404, P>0.05). On PID 3, 5, 7, and 10, the values of neutrophils of patients in fiberoptic bronchoscopy group were respectively 0.848 (0.802, 0.867), 0.831 (0.815, 0.849), 0.798 (0.771, 0.849), 0.796 (0.751, 0.869), which were significantly lower than those of routine group [0.882 (0.820, 0.906), 0.871 (0.835, 0.903), 0.845 (0.819, 0.905), 0.881 (0.819, 0.916), Z=-2.756, -2.810, -2.618, -3.033, P<0.05]. (3) The time of mechanical ventilation and the days of ICU stay of patients were shorter in fiberoptic bronchoscopy group than those in routine group (Z=-2.199, t=2.368, P<0.05). Within PID 28, the number of patients with complications was significantly less in fiberoptic bronchoscopy group than in routine group (χ(2)=5.436, P<0.05), while the incidence of death within PID 28 in fiberoptic bronchoscopy group was similar to that of routine group (P>0.05). The airway lavage procedures of patients in fiberoptic bronchoscopy group went well with no bronchospasm or asphyxia occurred. Conclusions: FBAL is effective in treating extremely severe burn patients combined with severe inhalation injury. It can improve the oxygenation status of the lung, reduce the systemic inflammatory reaction of patients, shorten the time of mechanical ventilation and ICU stay, and reduce the incidence of complications.

8.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 36(0): E007, 2020 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32268454

RESUMO

Objective: To introduce Treatment experience of burn patients combined with inhalation injury during epidemic period of Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). Methods: Six burn patients combined with inhalation injury were hospitalized in Department of Burns of Tongren Hospital of Wuhan University& Wuhan Third Hospital from February 1 to March 1 in 2020duringhigh-incidence period of COVID-19, including 4 males and 2 females, aged 21-63 years, hospitalized for 2-4 hours, with total burn areas of 1%-20% TBSA and full-thickness burn areas of 1%-12% TBSA. Among them, 1 case was severe inhalation injury, 2 cases were mild inhalation injury, and 3 cases were moderate inhalation injury. The body temperatures of the patients were normal at admission without fever or cough in the past 2 weeks. At admission, chest CT of one patient showed double lower lobes and left upper lobes had multiple slices and slightly high-density shadow of nodules. Chest CT of two patients showed bilateral lung texture was thickening, and chest CT of other patients was normal. After admission, 6 patients were given routine treatment, the medical staffs paid attention to the protection and screened COVID-19 according to the diagnosis and treatment plan of COVID-19. On post injury day (PID) 1, 3, 6, and 9, vein blood of patients were collected for determination of white blood cell (WBC) count, neutrophil, lymphocyte absolute value. and level of procalcitonin (PCT). Nucleic acid of novel coronavirus was detected by real-time fluorescence reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction on PID 3 and 6. The temperatures of patients were recorded after admission. The results of chest CT within one week after injury and the prognosis of the patients were recorded. Measurement data distributed normally were expressed as x ± s, and measurement data distributed abnormally were expressed as M (P(25), P(75)). Results: (1) On PID1, 3, 6, and 9, WBC counts of patients were respectively (19.8±3.8)×10(9)/L, (17.2±3.4)×10(9)/L,(13.3±3.1)×10(9)/L, and (11.1±1.6)×10(9)/L, neutrophils of patients were respectively0.919±0.019,0.899±0.011, 0.855±0.034, and0.811±0.035, absolute values of lymphocytes of patients were respectively(0.65±0.18)×10(9)/L,(0.65±0.24)×10(9)/L,(0.91±0.34)×10(9)/L, and (1.23±0.42)×10(9)/L,and PCT values of patients were respectively0.49 (0.36, 1.64), 0.39 (0.26, 0.73), 0.28 (0.18, 0.33), and 0.12 (0.11, 0.20) ng/mL.The values of WBC and neutrophils of patients were higher than the normal value, showing a downward trend. The absolute values of lymphocyte of patients returned to the normal value gradually. The PCT values of patients were higher than the normal value. (2) Nucleic acid test results of novel coronavirus of 6 patients were negative on PID 3 and 6. The temperatures of patients were from 36.5 to 38.6 ℃. The typical imaging features of COVID-19 were not found in 6 patients within 1 week after injury by chest CT. After treatment for 14-32 days, 6 patients were cured and discharged. Conclusions: During the novel coronavirus, burn patients combined with inhalation injury should be treated under condition of good protection for COVID-19 among doctors and nurses. Meanwhile, virus should be actively screened to reduce the risk of COVID-19 infection among doctors and patients.

9.
Hum Reprod ; 35(2): 446-452, 2020 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32020190

RESUMO

STUDY QUESTION: What is the current status of assisted reproductive technology (ART) service availability, efficacy and safety in mainland China? SUMMARY ANSWER: In this first national report on ART status in mainland China, data on treatment numbers, outcomes and complications in 2016 are provided and analyzed, respectively. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: National ART Service Provision Surveys are conducted in mainland China regularly. Data were analyzed, and this manuscript was written by team members from the National Center for Women and Children's Health, China CDC and the Department of Women and Children Health, National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE AND DURATION: A cross-sectional nationwide survey was completed in 2018, in which data regarding ART treatments, performed from 1st January to 31st December2016 in 445 ART clinics located in 31 provinces of mainland China, were collected. PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING AND METHODS: There were in total 451 licensed ART clinics (including artificial insemination clinics) in mainland China in 2016, of which 445 submitted service data. A total of 906 840 cycles were provided by 323 in vitro fertilization (IVF) clinics, involving 375 770 conventional IVF cycles, 154 948 intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles, 367 146 frozen embryo transfer (FET) thawing cycles and 8976 preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) treatment cycles. A total of 161 376 artificial (i.e. intrauterine) insemination (AI) cycles were reported by 443 clinics, with 126 872 cycles using the husband's semen (AIH) and 34 504 using donor semen (AID). MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: In total, 98.7% of the licensed clinics, contributing to 100% of the ART services (including AID and AIH cycles), were included in this report. (Six clinics provided institutional information only and were excluded.) There were 906 840 in vitro fertilization cycles performed in mainland China with a population of over 1.3 billion inhabitants, with cycles per million inhabitants (C/M) increasing from 360 in 2013 to 657 in 2016, nationwide (range among provinces: 45-3676). After treatment with conventional IVF, the clinical pregnancy rate (PR) per oocyte retrieval cycle was 23.2%, the delivery rate (DR) per oocyte retrieval cycle was 18.7% and the proportion of twin delivery among the total deliveries was 27.9%. For ICSI cycles, the PR, DR and TDR were 20.5%, 16.7% and 27.2%, respectively. For FET per thawing cycles, the PR, DR and TDR were 48.2%, 37.6% and 24.2%. For PGD per diagnosis cycles, the PR, DR and TDR were 38.1%, 29.7% and 4.2%. For AIH cycles, the PR and DR were 13.3% and 10.5%; for AID cycles, the PR and DR were 24.3% and 21.1%, respectively. The total number of live infants born in mainland China in 2016, was 18.46 million, and the number of infants born through ART conducted in 2016 was 311 309, which accounted for 1.69% of the total. The reported rate of birth defects was about 87/10 000. The incidence of moderate to severe ovarian hyper-stimulation syndrome (OHSS) was 11.5 per 1000 oocyte retrieval cycles, and other complications were much more rare. LIMITATIONS AND REASONS FOR CAUTION: This report is based on the summary data of ART services provided. The success rates were not calculated by age stratification. A low rate of birth defects was reported, which might be confounded by variations in birth follow-up methods, statistical timing and record taking. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: ART service availability has improved significantly in recent years in mainland China. Because China is a vast country, significant imbalances in ART service provision do exist; however, the main efficacy and safety indicators were close to those of western countries. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: N/A. STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTEREST(S): The study was funded by the National Key R&D Program of China (2016YFC1000307-2). There are no competing interests.

10.
Rhinology ; 58(Suppl S29): 1-464, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32077450

RESUMO

The European Position Paper on Rhinosinusitis and Nasal Polyps 2020 is the update of similar evidence based position papers published in 2005 and 2007 and 2012. The core objective of the EPOS2020 guideline is to provide revised, up-to-date and clear evidence-based recommendations and integrated care pathways in ARS and CRS. EPOS2020 provides an update on the literature published and studies undertaken in the eight years since the EPOS2012 position paper was published and addresses areas not extensively covered in EPOS2012 such as paediatric CRS and sinus surgery. EPOS2020 also involves new stakeholders, including pharmacists and patients, and addresses new target users who have become more involved in the management and treatment of rhinosinusitis since the publication of the last EPOS document, including pharmacists, nurses, specialised care givers and indeed patients themselves, who employ increasing self-management of their condition using over the counter treatments. The document provides suggestions for future research in this area and offers updated guidance for definitions and outcome measurements in research in different settings. EPOS2020 contains chapters on definitions and classification where we have defined a large number of terms and indicated preferred terms. A new classification of CRS into primary and secondary CRS and further division into localized and diffuse disease, based on anatomic distribution is proposed. There are extensive chapters on epidemiology and predisposing factors, inflammatory mechanisms, (differential) diagnosis of facial pain, allergic rhinitis, genetics, cystic fibrosis, aspirin exacerbated respiratory disease, immunodeficiencies, allergic fungal rhinosinusitis and the relationship between upper and lower airways. The chapters on paediatric acute and chronic rhinosinusitis are totally rewritten. All available evidence for the management of acute rhinosinusitis and chronic rhinosinusitis with or without nasal polyps in adults and children is systematically reviewed and integrated care pathways based on the evidence are proposed. Despite considerable increases in the amount of quality publications in recent years, a large number of practical clinical questions remain. It was agreed that the best way to address these was to conduct a Delphi exercise . The results have been integrated into the respective sections. Last but not least, advice for patients and pharmacists and a new list of research needs are included. The full document can be downloaded for free on the website of this journal: http://www.rhinologyjournal.com.

11.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 58(2): 101-106, 2020 Feb 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32102145

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the genetic characteristics of a five generations pedigree with homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HoFH). Methods: Prospective study. Twenty family members included a proband diagnosed as familial hyperlipidemia at the cardiology Department of Xi'an Children's Hospital in October 2018 were research object. Clinical data were collected. Genome DNAs were extracted. Whole exons sequencing was performed on the proband using target capture next generation sequencing. Candidate gene mutation sites identified by bioinformatics were verified by Sanger sequencing in the family members. The genotype-phenotype correlation of the pedigree was analyzed between heterozygous mutation carriers and non-carriers. Results: The proband was a 7-years and 10-month-old boy. He was born with a roundgreen bean size yellow skin protuberance in the skin of the coccyx. Since the age of 3-4 years old, xanthoma-like lesions with a diameter of 0.5-1.5 cm gradually appeared in the skin of bilateral elbow joints, knee joints and Achilles tendon. The height, weight and intellectual development of the child were the same as those of normal children at the same age. No similar xanthoma-like lesion was found in the other family members. The proband's total cholesterol (TC) reached 18.16-21.24 mmol/L, and his low density lipoproteincholesterol (LDL-C) was 14.08-15.51 mmol/L. Carotid ultrasonography showed diffuse sclerotic plaques in bilateral carotid and vertebral arteries, and color Doppler echocardiography revealed aortic valve thickening and calcification. Gene testing identified that the proband carried a homozygous mutation C. 418G>A (p. E140K) in LDLR gene inherited from his parents who had a consanguineous marriage and carried a heterozygous mutation of LDLR-E140K, respectively.The TC, LDL-C and apolipoproteinB (ApoB) of LDLR-E140K gene heterozygous carriers ((8.40±0.13), (6.79±0.01) and (1.95±0.05) mmol/L, respectively) were significantly higher than those of non-carriers ((4.59±0.28), (3.35±0.39) and (0.86±0.10) mmol/L, t=7.269, 4.595, 6.311, respectively, P<0.05). Conclusions: LDLR-E140K gene homozygous mutation is first reported to be associated with most severe phenotype HoFH. The genotype-phenotype analysis of the pedigree shows that the clinical phenotype of the proband with homozygous mutation is the most serious, and all the heterozygous mutation carriers present with hypercholesterolemia phenotype. The investigation confirms that LDLR-E140K is the pathogenic variation of familial hyperlipidemia.


Assuntos
LDL-Colesterol/sangue , DNA/genética , Hiperlipoproteinemia Tipo II/genética , Hiperlipoproteinemia Tipo I/genética , Receptores de LDL/genética , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Sequência de Bases , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Heterozigoto , Homozigoto , Humanos , Hiperlipoproteinemia Tipo I/diagnóstico , Hiperlipoproteinemia Tipo II/sangue , Hiperlipoproteinemia Tipo II/diagnóstico , Lactente , Lipoproteínas HDL/sangue , Lipoproteínas LDL/sangue , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana , Mutação , Linhagem , Fenótipo , Estudos Prospectivos
12.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(22): 9738-9745, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31799640

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of microRNA-214-5p (miR-214-5p) on spinal cord injury (SCI) and to explore the mechanism of action in pathophysiological relevance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The model of SCI was successfully established in rats aged 6-8 weeks. The levels of the locomotor function recovery in rats of the miR-379-5p group and SCI group were detected one month later by Basso-Beattie-Bresnahan (BBB) locomotor rating scale. Biochemical indexes were measured by Western blotting and real time-PCR, respectively. In addition, rat astrocytes were cultured to verify the effect of miR-379-5p on activated astrocytes in vitro. RESULTS: Compared with the SCI group, the rats in the miR-379-5p group showed prominent improvement in the locomotor function in vivo. MiR-379-5p attenuated the activation of astrocytes and significantly suppressed the expressions of the nerve growth inhibitors. Furthermore, the down-regulation of endothelin-1 (ET-1) ameliorated the spinal cord ischemia, thereby reducing apoptosis and oxidative stress. Compared with the pentylenetetrazol (PTZ) group, ET-1 and chondroitin sulfate poly-glycoprotein (CSPG) in miR-379-5p group decreased significantly in the astrocytes transfected with miR-214-5p in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: MiR-379-5p retarded the neurofilament regeneration block effect by inhibiting endothelin 1 and the expression of the astrocytes after SCI. Furthermore, it might relieve nerve structure destruction, resist oxidative stress, and inhibit apoptosis, eventually promoting functional recovery.

13.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(10): 982-986, 2019 Oct 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607042

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze epidemiological characteristics of influenza-like illness outbreaks in mainland China during 2017-2018 surveillance season, and to provide scientific evidence for developing influenza prevention and control strategies. Methods: We collected the data on reported influenza outbreaks in 2017-2018 surveillance season from China Influenza Surveillance Information System and China Public Health Emergency Management Information System and analyzed the data of laboratory-confirmed influenza-like illness outbreaks by descriptive epidemiological methods. Results: During the surveillance season, a total of 2 398 influenza-like illness outbreaks (with 10 or more incidences in an outbreak) in mainland China were reported, involving 87 084 patients, of which 2 323 were influenza outbreaks, involving 85 531 patients. The reported influenza-like illness outbreaks occurred most frequently from November 2017 to January 2018 in both the southern and northern regions and the highest peaks were in December 2017. During the period 1 850 influenza-like illness outbreaks (77.15%) were reported in the southern region, and 548 influenza-like illness outbreaks (22.85%) were reported in the northern region. The most of the outbreaks occurred in primary, secondary schools and nursery care schools, with a total of 2 210 reports (92.16%). And the majority of the outbreaks involved 10-29 incident cases. The dominant isolated virus strains for the outbreaks were influenza B (1 505 outbreaks, 62.76% of all the outbreaks). Conclusion: Seasonality of influenza outbreaks were observed in mainland China during 2017-2018 surveillance season and the reported influenza outbreaks were most frequently occurred in autumn-winter season and in southern China. Primary, secondary schools and nursery care schools are high-risk places for outbreaks, and the dominant isolated virus strains for the outbreaks were influenza B.


Assuntos
Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Vigilância da População , Estações do Ano
14.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(10): 1007-1011, 2019 Oct 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607046

RESUMO

Objective: We planned to evaluate the effectiveness of moving epidemic method (MEM) in calculating influenza epidemic threshold of 7 climatic zones in China mainland. Methods: The positive rate of influenza virus was obtained from the National Influenza Surveillance Network System from 2010/2011 to 2017/2018. We divided the 31 provinces into 7 climatic zones according to previous literatures and applied MEM to calculate the influenza epidemic threshold of 2018/2019 influenza season for these climatic zones. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were calculated to evaluate the effectiveness of MEM. Results: Pre-epidemic threshold (the positive rate of influenza virus) varied from 9.66% (temperate zone) to 16.36% (subtropical zone) for 2018/2019 influenza season. The gap between pre-epidemic and post-epidemic thresholds was less than 5% except for plateau zone. The sensitivity was 86.16% (95CI:66.81%-98.23%), the specificity was 94.92% (95CI: 91.13%-98.41%), the positive predictive value was 89.87% (95%CI: 84.39%-94.38%), the negative predictive value was 92.96% (95%CI: 84.46%-99.17%). Conclusion: Overall, moving epidemic Method performs well in calculating influenza epidemic threshold in China, much better than the previous study.


Assuntos
Epidemias , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Orthomyxoviridae , China/epidemiologia , Clima , Humanos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
15.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(10): 1066-1070, 2019 Oct 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607058

RESUMO

Influenza is an acute respiratory infection that seriously harms the world and public health. Because influenza viruses are prone to mutations and difficult to predict, the World Health Organization has been promoting global continuous strengthening of influenza surveillance to monitor the level of influenza activity and epidemic trends in real time. Establishing baselines and thresholds for influenza epidemic helps to gauge the start and severity of influenza seasons. At present, there are various methods for calculating baseline and threshold, such as annual median value, percentile approach, moving epidemic method, and control chart method. This paper will summarize the methods of establishing influenza baseline or threshold at home and abroad, and hope to provide reference for the establishment of baseline or threshold of influenza in China.


Assuntos
Epidemias , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estações do Ano , Organização Mundial da Saúde
16.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446699

RESUMO

Summary Microtia is a kind of malformation affecting the development of the external ear and middle ear. In China, researches have pointed out that the incidence of microtia was 3.06 per 10 000 people. About 40% of patients with microtia were identified with other systemic malformation, and the commom complications included congenital heart disease, scoliosis, anophthalmia, cleft palate, facial asymmetry, facial asymmetry, etc. Of which, the prevalence of microtia with congenital heart disease was 18.5%, and it was 7% of patients with scoliosis. It is very rare for patients of microtia combined with multi-malformations. In this study, we reported a case of familial microtia combined with tetralogy of Fallot and scoliosis, and undertook a systematic review of the literature.


Assuntos
Microtia Congênita/diagnóstico , Escoliose/diagnóstico , Tetralogia de Fallot/diagnóstico , China , Orelha Externa , Humanos
17.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446720

RESUMO

Objective:The aim of this study was to investigate the association between serum bilirubin levels and the severity of bilateral sudden sensorineural hearing loss (BSSHL). Method:A total of 113 patients with bilateral axillary sputum were enrolled, and the relationship between serum bilirubin levels and initial hearing levels was explored using a univariate and multivariate linear regression model. Result:Compared with the group with moderate and below hearing loss (≤70 dB HL), patients with severe profound HL(>70 dB HL) were more likely to have lower levels of total and indirect bilirubin level, magnesium and relative hearing gain, higher levels of final hearing, white blood counts, neutrophil, platelet and alkaline phosphatase. After adjusting for possible confounders, only serum indirect bilirubin levels were significantly negatively correlated with initial hearing loss in patients with bilateral axillary sputum. 1 µmol/L increase of IBIL was associated with 1.1 dB (95%CI: -2.2, 0.0) reduction in initial hearing loss. Conclusion:Within the normal or mildly elevated range, higher levels of IBIL are independently and significantly associated with less severe hearing loss in BSSHL. It suggested a beneficial effect of bilirubin on auditory system.


Assuntos
Bilirrubina/sangue , Perda Auditiva Bilateral/sangue , Perda Auditiva Súbita/sangue , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 35(6): 434-440, 2019 Jun 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31280536

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the guiding significance of pulse contour cardiac output (PiCCO) monitoring technology in the treatment of fluid replacement during shock stage of extensive burn in clinic. Methods: Sixty-five patients with extensive burn hospitalized in our unit from January 2014 to December 2018, conforming to the inclusion criteria, were recruited to conduct a prospective controlled research. According to the order of admission, 35 odd-numbered patients and 30 even-numbered patients were enrolled in routine rehydration group (25 males and 10 females) and PiCCO monitoring rehydration group (21 males and 9 females) respectively, with the age of (48±9) and (44±8) years respectively. All patients of the two groups were rehydrated according to the rehydration formula of the Third Military Medical University during shock stage. The rehydration speed was adjusted in routine rehydration group according to the general indexes of shock such as central venous pressure, mean arterial pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate, urine volume, and clinical symptoms of patients. PiCCO monitoring was performed in patients of PiCCO monitoring rehydration group, and the global end-diastolic volume index combined with the other relevant indicators of PiCCO were used to guide rehydration on the basis of the monitoring indicators of routine rehydration group. The heart rates and positive fluid balance volumes at post injury hour (PIH) 8, 16, 24, 32, 40, 48, 56, 64, and 72, the diuretic dosage at PIH 48 and 72, the total fluid replacement volumes, urine volumes, blood lactic acid, platelet count, and hematocrit at PIH 24, 48, and 72, the length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay, and the incidence of complications and death within 28 days after injury were compared between patients in the two groups. Data were processed with analysis of variance for repeated measurement, t test, Bonferroni correction, Mann-Whitney U test, chi-square test, and Fisher's exact probability test. Results: The heart rates of patients in the two groups were similar at PIH 8, 16, 24, 32, 40, 48, and 56 (t=0.775, 1.388, 2.511, 2.203, 1.654, 2.303, 1.808, P>0.05), and the heart rates of patients in PiCCO monitoring rehydration group at PIH 64 and 72 were obviously lower than those of routine rehydration group (t=3.229, 3.357, P<0.05 or P<0.01). The positive fluid balance volumes of patients in the two groups were similar at PIH 8, 16, 40, and 56 (t=0.768, 1.670, 2.134, 2.791, P>0.05), and the positive fluid balance volumes of patients in PiCCO monitoring rehydration group at PIH 24, 32, 48, 64, and 72 were obviously less than those of routine rehydration group (t=3.364, 4.047, 2.930, 2.950, 2.976, P<0.05 or P<0.01). The amount of diuretics used by patients in the two groups was similar at PIH 48 and 72 (Z=-0.697, -1.239, P>0.05). The total fluid replacement volumes of patients in PiCCO monitoring rehydration group at PIH 24, 48, and 72 were (13 864±4 241), (9 532±2 272), and (8 480±2 180) mL, respectively, obviously more than those in routine rehydration group [(10 388±2 445), (8 095±1 720), and (7 059±1 297) mL, respectively, t=-3.970, -2.848, -3.137, P<0.05 or P<0.01]. The urine volumes of patients in the two groups at PIH 24 were close (t=-1.027, P>0.05). The urine volumes of patients in PiCCO monitoring rehydration group at PIH 48 and 72 were (3 051±702) and (3 202±624) mL respectively, obviously more than those in routine rehydration group [(2 401±588) and (2 582±624) mL respectively, t=-4.062, -4.001, P<0.01]. The levels of blood lactate acid of patients in PiCCO monitoring rehydration group at PIH 24, 48, and 72 were obviously lower than those in routine rehydration group (t=4.758, 6.101, 3.938, P<0.01). At PIH 24 and 48, the values of the platelet count of patients in PiCCO monitoring rehydration group were obviously higher than those in routine rehydration group (t=-2.853, -2.499, P<0.05), and the values of hematocrit of patients in PiCCO monitoring rehydration group were obviously lower than those in routine rehydration group (t=2.698, 4.167, P<0.05 or P<0.01). Both the platelet count and hematocrit of patients in the two groups were similar at PIH 72 (t=-1.363, 0.476, P>0.05). The length of ICU stay of patients in PiCCO monitoring rehydration group was obviously shorter than that of routine rehydration group (t=2.184, P<0.05). Within 28 days after injury, the incidence of complications of patients in routine rehydration group was obviously higher than that in PiCCO monitoring rehydration group (P<0.05), while the mortality rate of patients in routine rehydration group was similar to that in PiCCO monitoring rehydration group (P>0.05). Conclusions: The application of PiCCO monitoring technology in monitoring fluid replacement in patients with extensive burn can quickly correct shock, reduce the occurrence of organ complications caused by improper fluid replacement, and shorten the length of ICU stay, which is of great significance in guiding the treatment of burn shock.


Assuntos
Queimaduras/terapia , Débito Cardíaco/fisiologia , Hidratação , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Monitorização Fisiológica/métodos , Choque/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Rhinology ; 57(3): 162-168, 2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30810118

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The European Position Papers on Rhinosinusitis from 2005, 2007 and 2012 have had a measurable impact on the way this common condition with high impact on quality of life is managed around the world. EPOS2020 will be the latest iteration of the guideline, addressing new stakeholders and target users, presenting a summary of the latest literature and evolving treatment modalities, and formulating clear recommendations based on all available evidence. METHODOLOGY: Based on the AGREE II framework, this article demonstrates how the EPOS2020 steering group will address six key areas to ensure consistency in quality and presentation of information in the latest rhinosinusitis clinical practice guideline: scope and purpose; stakeholder involvement; rigour of development; clarity of presentation; recommendations and applicability; editorial independence. RESULTS: By analysing the guidance from AGREE II, we formulated a detailed development strategy for EPOS2020. We identify new stakeholders and target users and ratify the importance of patient involvement in the latest EPOS guideline. New and expanded areas of research to be addressed are highlighted. We confirm our intention to use mixed methodologies, combining evidence-based medicine with real life studies; when no evidence can be found, use Delphi rounds to achieve clear, inclusive recommendations. We also introduce new concepts for dissemination of the guideline, using Internet and social media to improve accessibility. CONCLUSION: This article is an introduction to the EPOS2020 project, and presents the key goals, core stakeholders, planned methodology and dissemination strategies for the latest version of this influential guideline.


Assuntos
Objetivos , Qualidade de Vida , Rinite , Sinusite , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Humanos , Participação do Paciente , Rinite/terapia , Sinusite/terapia
20.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(1): 171-180, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30657558

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Mitogen activating protein kinase 3 (MAPK3) is critical in extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)/MAPK pathway. Gastric cancer tissues have microRNA-206 (miR-206) down-regulation. This study aimed to investigate the role of miR-206 in MAPK3 expression, gastric cancer cell proliferation, apoptosis, and cisplatin (DDP) resistance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dual-Luciferase reporter gene assay confirmed targeted regulation between miR-206 and MAPK3. DDP resistant cell line BGC823/DDP and SGC7901/DDP were generated for comparing miR-206 and MAPK3 expression against parental cells using quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot, followed by flow cytometry measuring apoptosis. Drug-resistant cells were transfected with miR-206 mimic for measuring MAPK3 and phosphorylated MAPK3 (p-MAPK3) expression. Flow cytometry and EdU were employed for measuring cell apoptosis and proliferation. RESULTS: Targeted regulation existed between miR-206 and MAPK3 mRNA. BGC823/DDP and SGC7901/DDP cell presented lower miR-206 than parental cells, plus higher MAPK3 mRNA or protein. Under DDP treatment equivalent to IC50 of parental cells, drug-resistant cells presented lower apoptosis compared to parental drug-sensitive cells. Compared to miR-normal control (miR-NC) group, miR-206 mimic transfection significantly decreased MAPK3 and p-MAPK3 protein expression (p < 0.05), enhanced cell apoptosis and weakened proliferation potency (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The down-regulation of miR-206 is associated with DDP resistance of gastric cancer cells. Up-regulating miR-2016 expression can weaken the proliferation of drug-resistant gastric cancer cells, facilitate cell apoptosis and decrease DDP resistance via targeted inhibition of MAPK3 expression.

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