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1.
J Cell Biochem ; 2019 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30775803

RESUMO

Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a common complication in elderly patients who undergo surgery involving anesthesia. Its underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Autophagy plays an important role in the damage and repair of the nervous system and is associated with the development of POCD. Using a rat model, adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase α1 (AMPKα1), an important autophagy regulator, was found to be significantly downregulated in rats with POCD that was induced by sevoflurane anesthesia or by appendectomy. Overexpression of AMPKα1-ameliorated POCD, as indicated by decreased escape latencies and increased target quadrant swimming times, swimming distances, and platform crossing times during Morris water maze tests. AMPKα1 overexpression activated autophagy signals by increasing the expression of light chain 3 II (LC3-II) and Beclin1 and decreasing the expression of p62 in the hippocampus of rats with POCD. Moreover, blocking autophagy by 3-methyladenine partly attenuated AMPKα1-mediated POCD improvement. Furthermore, overexpression of AMPKα1 could upregulate the expression of p-AMPK and Sirt1 in the hippocampus of rats with POCD. Intriguingly, inhibiting AMPK signals via Compound C effectively attenuated AMPKα1-mediated POCD improvement, concomitant with the downregulation of p-AMPK, Sirt1, LC3-II, and Beclin1 and the upregulation of p62. We thus concluded that overexpression of AMPKα1 can improve POCD via the AMPK-Sirt1 and autophagy signaling pathway.

2.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 31(6): 577-581, 2018 Jun 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29945417

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the diagnostic value of MRI in the transient dislocation of the patella. METHODS: The DR and MRI data of 35 patients with acute patellar transient dislocation from January 2015 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed, including 12 males and 23 females, ranging in age from 10 to 23 years old, with an average of 17 years old. The differences between DR and MRI diagnosis and surgical or discharge diagnosis were compared, and the difference between them in diagnosis of knee anatomical position, bone injury, signs and soft tissue injury were compared. The R statistical software WiLcoxon signed rank test (WiLcoxon signed rank test) was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: All 35 MRI findings were completely consistent with postoperative or discharge diagnosis. According to MRI, 7 cases of high patella and 7 cases of patella subluxation were diagnosed. According to DR, 7 cases of high patella and 0 cases of patella subluxation were diagnosed. Fourteen dislocations were diagnosed by MRI and 7 dislocations were diagnosed by DR. There was statistically significant difference between the two methods in the diagnosis of abnormal position of patella(v=10, P<0.05). Total 112 cases of bone injuries were diagnosed by MRI, and 0 was diagnosed by DR. There was statistically significant difference between the two methods in the diagnosis of bone injuries(v=16, P<0.05). Total 43 cases of soft tissue injuries were diagnosed by MRI, and 0 was diagnosed by DR. There was statistically significant difference between the two methods in the diagnosis of soft tissue injuries (v=21, P<0.05). Total 35 cases of hydrops of the knee joint were diagnosed by MRI, and 30 were diagnosed by DR. There was statistically significant difference between the two methods in the diagnosis of hydrops of the knee joint(v=32, P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: MRI is superior to DR in the diagnosis of acute temporal bone dislocation. MRI should be used as the first choice for imaging diagnosis of acute temporal bone dislocation. It can avoid missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis.


Assuntos
Luxações Articulares , Luxação Patelar , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Patela , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
3.
Front Neurosci ; 12: 116, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29535606

RESUMO

Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress occurring in stringent conditions is critically involved in neuronal survival and death. Resveratrol is a non-flavonoid polyphenol that has neuroprotective effects against many neurological disorders. Here, we investigated the potential protective effects of resveratrol in an in vitro ER stress model mimicked by tunicamycin (TM) treatment in neuronal HT22 cells. We found that TM dose-dependently decreased cell viability and increased apoptosis, which were both significantly attenuated by resveratrol treatment. Resveratrol markedly reduced the expression or activation of ER stress-associated factors, including GRP78, CHOP, and caspase-12. The results of immunocytochemistry and western blot showed that resveratrol promoted autophagy in TM-treated cells, as evidenced by increased LC3II puncta number, bcelin1 expression and LC3II/LC3I ratio. Pretreatment with the autophagy inhibitor chloroquine could reduce the protective effects of resveratrol. In addition, the expression of Sirt3 protein and its downstream enzyme activities were significantly increased in resveratrol-treated HT22 cells. To confirm the involvement of Sirt3-mediated mechanisms, siRNA transfection was used to knockdown Sirt3 expression in vitro. The results showed that downregulation of Sirt3 could partially prevented the autophagy and protection induced by resveratrol after TM treatment. Our study demonstrates a pivotal role of Sirt3-mediated autophagy in mediating resveratrol-induced protection against ER stress in vitro, and suggests the therapeutic values of resveratrol in ER stress-associated neuronal injury conditions.

4.
Environ Sci Technol ; 52(5): 2870-2877, 2018 03 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29394042

RESUMO

Photocatalytic degradation is a powerful technique for the decomposition of pollutants. However, toxic intermediates might be generated which have become a great concern recently. In the present work, a continuous flow chemiluminescence (CFCL) method was developed for dynamic monitoring of toxic intermediates generated in the photocatalytic degradation of pentachlorophenol (PCP). Among the main intermediates, tetrachloro-1,4-benzoquinone (TCBQ) and trichlorohydroxy-1,4-benzoquinone (OH-TrCBQ) showed higher or similar toxicity to PCP. As both TCBQ and OH-TrCBQ can produce chemiluminescence (CL) in the presence of H2O2, a CFCL system was established for the dynamic tracking of the two toxic intermediates. A PCP/TiO2 suspension was irradiated in a photoreactor, pumped continuously into a detection cell, and mixed with H2O2 to produce CL. The time-dependent CL response displayed two distinctive peaks at pH 7, which were attributed to the generation of OH-TrCBQ and TCBQ, respectively, by comparing with their changes measured by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Furthermore, the CL response curve of PCP/TiO2 suspension showed a pattern very similar to their bacteria inhibition. Therefore, the CFCL could be used as a simple and low-cost method for online monitoring of TCBQ and OH-TrCBQ to ensure complete removal of not only PCP but also highly toxic degradation intermediates.


Assuntos
Pentaclorofenol , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Luminescência
5.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 49(8): 572-6, 2011 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22093417

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of aripiprazole in the treatment of children with Tourette syndrome. METHOD: A prospective, multi-center, controlled clinical trial was conducted in 195 children aged 5-17 years with Tourette syndrome. The patients were assigned to two groups: aripiprazole group (n=98) and tiapride group (n=97), with the treatment dosage of 5-25 mg/d and 100-500 mg/d, respectively. After 12 weeks treatment, the clinical efficacy was assessed by the Yale Global Tic Severity Scale (YGTSS) score, and adverse reactions were observed by side effects symptoms scale, blood biochemical indexes, and electrocardiography. RESULT: Significant pre- and post-treatment differences were ascertained for motor tic, phonic tic, function damage and total scores of YGTSS in the both groups from the second week of treatment (P<0.0001). Compared with the tiapride group, the aripiprazole group showed a more significantly decreased function damage score of YGTSS by the second week of treatment (P<0.05). After 12 weeks treatment, total scores of YGTSS in the aripiprazole group decreased from 53.74±15.71 at baseline to 24.36±16.38, while in the tiapride group from 51.66±13.63 to 23.26±15.31. The mean reduction scores of YGTSS were 29.38 in the aripiprazole group and 28.40 in the tiapride group at the end of treatment, and the clinical response rates were 60.21% and 63.92%, respectively. There were no significant differences between the 2 groups (P>0.05). The incidence of adverse reactions was similar in the aripiprazole and tiapride groups, with 29.6% and 27.8% respectively. There were no significant differences in the incidence of adverse reactions between aripiprazole and tiapride groups and no severe adverse events were found in either group. CONCLUSION: The results showed that aripiprazole showed similar therapeutic effect to tiapride in treatment of children with Tourette syndrome. Aripiprazole was safe and well tolerated in Chinese population, and can be considered as a new valid option for the treatment of tic disorders.


Assuntos
Antipsicóticos/uso terapêutico , Piperazinas/uso terapêutico , Quinolonas/uso terapêutico , Síndrome de Tourette/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Aripiprazol , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Cloridrato de Tiapamil/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 13(5): 815-8, 2005 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16277849

RESUMO

To investigate the expression of survivin gene and its relationship with Epstin-Barr virus (EBV) infection in midline T-cell lymphoma (MTL), immunohistochemistry staining method was used to examine the expression of survivin and EBV-latent membrane protein (LMP-1) in the 41 cases. In situ hybridization (ISH) was used to detect EBV-encoded RNA (EBER1/2). The results showed that the expression of survivin was positive in 26 cases of midline T-cell lymphoma, but no positive was detected in 10 cases of reactive lymphoid tissues. The positive expression ratio of survivin was 12.5% in cases of MTL with low grade of malignancy, and was 75.76% in cases of MTL with middle and high grades of malignancy, the significant difference was found between these two groups (chi(2) = 8.55, P < 0.01). Positive expression ratios of EBER1/2 and LMP-1 were 70.73% and 41.46% respectively. Survivin expression was not significantly different between EBER1/2 positive and negative cases (P > 0.05). It is concluded that survivin expression is up-regulated in MTL, and survivin positive expression rate is associated with the degree of malignancy. Survivin may play a role in the pathogenesis of the MTL by influencing cell apoptosis. EBV infection is not significantly associated with survivin expression in the MTL.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/patologia , Granuloma Letal da Linha Média/patologia , Linfoma de Células T/patologia , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/biossíntese , Proteínas de Neoplasias/biossíntese , Neoplasias Nasais/patologia , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/metabolismo , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/virologia , Feminino , Granuloma Letal da Linha Média/metabolismo , Granuloma Letal da Linha Média/virologia , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Hibridização In Situ , Proteínas Inibidoras de Apoptose , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/metabolismo , Proteínas com Domínio LIM , Linfoma de Células T/metabolismo , Linfoma de Células T/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Nasais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Nasais/virologia , RNA Viral/genética , Survivina
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