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1.
Neurosurg Rev ; 2022 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35604568

RESUMO

Arteriovenous malformation (AVM)-derived ophthalmic artery (OphA) branches are not common, and their management is very challenging. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of Trans OphA ethanol embolotherapy for these lesions. We retrospectively reviewed 26 patients with AVMs fed by OphA, who underwent transOphA embolization using ethanol from February, 2015 to December, 2019. Sixty-six transOphA embolotherapy procedures (range, 1-4 procedures; mean, 2.5 procedures) were performed. Devascularization degree, visual field, visual acuity, and quality-of-life outcomes were compared and analyzed at follow up (mean, 32.6 months; month range 10-60). Complications were recorded. Twenty-five of the 26 patients (96%) reported complete or > 90% AVM devascularization while one patient (4%) showed > 70% devascularization. Eleven patients (42%) presented with visual acuity impairments; among them, 6 had improvements while 4 were completely relieved. Eight patients (30.7%) presented visual field defects, 3 had improvements while 4 were completely relieved. Ten patients (38.4%) presented with diplopia and exophthalmos with 2 being completely relieved while 6 had major improvements. Bleeding was controlled in all cases (100%). All patients (100%) exhibited cosmetic deformities with 17 being completely relieved. Moreover, all patients (100%) exhibited impaired daily life, which was resolved in 21 patients with 5 patients reporting major improvements. After endovascular treatment, there was no vision loss, death, or permanent disability in any patient. TransOphA ethanol embolotherapy is efficacious and safe for symptomatic resolution or improvement of AVMs fed by OphA with acceptable complications without the risk of visual impairment.

2.
BMC Ecol Evol ; 22(1): 69, 2022 05 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35606742

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Guangdedendron micrum is the Late Devonian tree lycopsid that made up Xinhang fossil forest in Anhui, China, showing the earliest stigmarian rooting system. Based on new specimens of this lycopsid, the roots bearing rootlets, terminal parts of stems, vegetative leaves and monosporangiate strobili containing megaspores are researched in detail. RESULTS: The roots with four robust rhizomorphs are largely expanded and approach the size of those of the Late Carboniferous giant tree lycopsids in swampy forests. The rootlets along rhizomorphic axis leave oval to circular scars after abscission. Narrow-fusiform leaf cushions display a leaf scar, vascular bundle and ligule pit. Cylindrical megasporangiate strobili are borne singly, in pairs, or occasionally once-dichotomized. Of each megasporophyll, the pedicel consists of a keel and possibly undeveloped alations, and the long-triangular lamina presents a heel. Megasporangium is sessile and contains multiple Lagenicula megaspores with distinct spines and a large gula. CONCLUSIONS: G. micrum displays large terminal monosporangiate strobili probably adapted to turbulent condition, and its megasporophylls together with multiple Lagenicula-type megaspores hint a possible primitive evolutionary status. These characteristics provide new insights into the evolution of fertile traits of early lycopsids.


Assuntos
Evolução Biológica , Fósseis , China , Florestas , Árvores
3.
Natl Sci Rev ; 9(4): nwab196, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35386924

RESUMO

The earliest ovules in the Late Devonian (Famennian) are surrounded by a cupule that is involved in both protection and pollination, and generally have free integumentary lobes. Here we report a new taxon from the Famennian of China, Guazia dongzhiensis gen. et sp. nov. The terminally borne ovule is apparently acupulate (without cupule) and has four radially arranged wing-like integumentary lobes that are extensively fused, and folded lengthwise and inwards. Guazia provides evidence that not all Devonian seeds possess a cupule and it increases their diversity in integumentary lobes. This genus also suggests that the integuments develop new functions, probably including wind dispersal at the expense of the cupules.

4.
Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol ; 45(4): 476-485, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35020041

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To summarize a 10-year, single-institution experience with ethanol embolization of nasal arteriovenous malformations (NAVMs) in 52 patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The present work was a retrospective study of 52 patients (aged between 1 and 67 years) with NAVMs who were treated with ethanol embolization between August 2009 and August 2019. The diagnosis of NAVMs was established based on clinical and imaging studies including ultrasound, computer tomography angiography, and digital subtract angiography. Embolization techniques used in the current study included transarterial, direct puncture, and a combination of both. The clinical and angiographic features, treatment methods, clinical outcomes, and complications were assessed within the mean period of 55.2 months (range, 1-119 months) after the last embolization. RESULTS: The total number of embolization sessions (140 embolization procedures in 52 pts) included transarterial approach (1 pt), direct puncture (2 pt), and a combination of transarterial and direct puncture (49 pts). There was a positive correlation between nidus size and treatment sessions (r = 0.780, P = 0.0005) and the amount of ethanol injected (r = 0.840, P = 0.0004). Results of the current study showed that the therapeutic outcomes were complete response in two patients (3.8%) without recurrence throughout the follow-up period (range, 1-119 months; mean, 55.2 months), and partial response in 50 patients (96.2%). A total of seven patients (13.5%) experienced one or more complications, including skin necrosis in one patient (1.9%), transient hemoglobinuria in five patients (9.6%), and skin blister in five patients (9.6%). CONCLUSION: The reported single-institution experience evidently indicated that ethanol embolotherapy has the potential to successfully devascularize NAVMs and also significantly improve symptoms and signs. Further, it was evident that the use of a combination of transarterial and direct puncture techniques has the potential to increase the rate of therapeutic response in patients with NAVMs.


Assuntos
Malformações Arteriovenosas , Embolização Terapêutica , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Angiografia , Malformações Arteriovenosas/diagnóstico por imagem , Malformações Arteriovenosas/terapia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Etanol/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Lactente , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
5.
ACS Omega ; 6(43): 28936-28945, 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34746585

RESUMO

Existing studies of coal self-ignition and impact frictional sparks do not provide valid support for the analysis of ignition sources in all cases of methane explosions in the gob. In this paper, the explosion in the gob of the Renlou coal mine is used to investigate the piezoelectric effect and ignition characteristics of roof collapse in identifying a new ignition source of gas explosion. Experimental and theoretical analyses conclude that the piezoelectric effect is produced by quartz, which is the main constituent of the roof sandstone. During the loading process, the piezoelectric effect and compressive strength are key factors in the gathering of free charges on rock tips. During rupture, the rock tip retains a large number of charges, forming a ″point-surface″ effect, which triggers an electron avalanche accompanied by an orange-yellow spark lasting over 22 ms, far exceeding the ionization energy and ignition induction period of methane-air mixtures. The piezoelectric effect and compressive strength of the rock cause the generation of electrical sparks, which is the ignition source of the explosion in the gob of Renlou mine II7322.

6.
BMC Ecol Evol ; 21(1): 198, 2021 11 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34732141

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have discussed the special structural adaptations of Late Palaeozoic lycopsids, for example, the dispersal potential of reproductive organs. Based on materials from the Upper Devonian Wutong Formation in Changxing County, Zhejiang Province, China, we now analyze the morphometric and perform some calculation to evaluate the dispersal of sporophyll units of lycopsids. RESULTS: The fossil sporophyll units are divided into two types in view of obvious difference in shape and we name two new (form) species for them. We also analyze the falling process and give the calculation method of dispersal distance. CONCLUSIONS: The fossil sporophyll units show relatively poor potential of wind dispersal compared with modern samaras, and show potential adaptation to the turbulent environment.


Assuntos
Fósseis , China
7.
ACS Omega ; 6(32): 20846-20854, 2021 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34423192

RESUMO

Coalfield fire area reburning is one of the serious disasters in fire prevention and safety production. In this study, a synchronous thermal analyzer was used to conduct isothermal pyrolysis of jet coal at different temperatures, and the reaction characteristic parameters of different pyrolysis residual structures were analyzed. FTIR was used to measure group contents in raw coal and different pyrolysis residues. Programmed oxidation thermogravimetric experiments were carried out on the residues to obtain their oxidation characteristic parameters. The results demonstrated that the reaction characteristic parameters of the residual structures changed at 450 °C. The pyrolysis reaction mainly affected the variation of hydroxyl, aliphatic hydrocarbon, and aromatic hydrocarbon groups. The increase in pyrolysis temperature resulted in the decline in hydroxyl and aliphatic hydrocarbon groups as well as the increase in the aromatic hydrocarbon group. After pyrolysis, the ignition point temperature of the coal sample decreased, which causes the coal more likely to spontaneously ignite. It indicated that the pyrolysis residue at 450 °C is most likely to reburn. Compared with raw coal, the maximum combustion intensity of the pyrolysis residue was greatly increased, which reached the peak at 500 °C.

8.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(10): 838, 2020 10 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33037177

RESUMO

An increasing number of studies have shown that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important roles in tumor development and progression. However, their involvement in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) remains largely unknown. Epigenetic regulation is one major mechanism utilized by cancer cells to control lncRNA expression. We identified that lncRNA VENTXP1 was epigenetically silenced in multiple cancer types, and its lower expression was correlated with poorer survival in HNSCC patients. Through in silico analysis and experimental validation, we identified miR-205-5p and its direct interacting partner of VENTXP1, which regulates HNSCC cell proliferation and tumorigenicity. Using RNA-seq and differential gene expression analysis, we further identified ANKRD2 as a miR-205-5p target, which plays an essential role in modulating NF-kB signaling. These findings suggest that VENTXP1 inhibits tumor growth via suppressing miR-205-5p/ANKRD2-mediated NF-kB signaling in HNSCC. Thus, pharmaceutical targeting of DNA methylation to restore VENTXP1 expression might constitute a therapeutic strategy for HNSCC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas Musculares/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Epigênese Genética/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Humanos , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Transdução de Sinais
9.
Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) ; 65(1): 89-93, 2019 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30782303

RESUMO

The role of serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) on the clinical outcomes of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine-kinase inhibitors (TKIs) treatment remained to be elucidated. Therefore, we did this meta-analysis. We searched databases including PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library till to June, 2017. The relationships between the LDH levels and overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS) were assessed by calculating hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). The association between the LDH levels and disease control rate (DCR) was calculated by odds ratio (OR) and 95% CI. Seven studies were included in the meta-analysis. As for DCR, the result from this meta-analysis was not positive (OR=0.71; 95% CI 0.21 - 2.37; P=0.57). As for PFS, the result of the meta-analysis indicated that elevated LDH was significantly associated with shorter PFS (HR=1.88; 95%CI, 1.37-2.59). When studies were stratified by ethnicity, significant association was also observed in Asian group (HR=2.36; 95%CI, 1.57-3.55). As for OS, patients with high levels of LDH showed significantly shorter OS (HR=2.44; 95%CI, 1.84-3.23). In the subgroup by race, significant associations were found in Asian group (HR=2.62; 95%CI, 1.61-4.26) and Caucasian population (HR=2.36; 95%CI, 1.66-3.34). In conclusion, this meta-analysis suggested that elevated LDH level was associated with the poor PFS and OS of NSCLC patients receiving EGFR-TKIs treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/enzimologia , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/enzimologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30359556

RESUMO

Foam is used as an efficient means of dust suppression in underground coal mines. The poor performance of conventional adding device of foaming agent restricts its wide application. The objective of this study is to propose and investigate a new parallel jet adding device (PJAD). Experimental results show that PJAD requires a greater water flow to produce negative pressure than the single stage jet adding device (SJAD) and is harder to generate cavitation. PJAD consumes a less pressure loss than SJAD and realizes any adding proportion below 1%, which is especially suitable for precision addition of foaming agent. A foaming system used for dust suppression is put forward with PJAD adding foaming agent. Field application indicates that foam achieves a far better dust suppression effect than the roadheader water spraying, and the foam cost is significantly reduced due to the low adding proportion of foaming agent. The marked dust suppression effect makes us believe that the proposed PJAD will greatly promote the large-scale application of foam technology used for dust suppression in underground coal mines.


Assuntos
Minas de Carvão/instrumentação , Minas de Carvão/métodos , Poeira/prevenção & controle , Invenções , Exposição Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Substâncias Viscoelásticas/farmacologia , Poluentes Atmosféricos/farmacocinética , Poluição do Ar/prevenção & controle , Ar Comprimido , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Prática Profissional , Substâncias Viscoelásticas/administração & dosagem , Substâncias Viscoelásticas/química
11.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 70(3): 335-341, 2018 Jun 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29926076

RESUMO

The liver X receptors (LXRs) are members of the nuclear receptor superfamily. The activated LXRs have a variety of biological functions, for instance they can not only regulate the metabolism of cholesterol, fatty acids and glucose, but also play an important role in immune inflammatory response. Massive studies have shown that LXRs are involved in the occurrence and progress of inflammatory-related diseases, and can inhibit the inflammation of some inflammatory-related diseases in the nervous system, the respiratory system, and the cardiovascular system. In this review, we summarized the recent progress regarding LXRs in inflammatory-related diseases, including the structure, function and anti-inflammatory mechanism of LXRs, in order to provide new methods for preventing and treating inflammatory-related diseases.


Assuntos
Inflamação/metabolismo , Receptores X do Fígado/metabolismo , Animais , Colesterol/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Glucose/metabolismo , Humanos
12.
Minerva Pediatr ; 70(1): 98-102, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28006895

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Recently, a genome-wide association study (GWAS) indicated that rs7216389 polymorphism on chromosome 17q21 was associated with paediatric asthma risk. However, the results remained controversial. Therefore, a meta-analysis was performed. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A comprehensive literature retrieve was performed on PubMed, Embase and Science Direct databases up to Feb 20, 2016. The strength of association between 17q21 locus rs7216389 polymorphism and pediatric asthma risk was assessed by computing odds ratio (OR) with its corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI). EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: A total of 10 studies with 7797 cases and 38757 controls were included. A statistically significant association of rs7216389 polymorphism and pediatric asthma risk was found (OR=1.41, 95%CI=1.34-1.49, P<0.00001). Furthermore, both Caucasians (OR=1.41, 95%CI=1.33-1.49, P<0.00001) and Asians (OR=1.43, 95%CI=1.25-1.63, P<0.00001) with rs7216389 polymorphism showed significant association, respectively. A significantly increased susceptibility was identified in atopic asthma (OR=1.45, 95%CI=1.22-1.72, P<0.00001). In the stratification analysis by study design, both case-control studies (OR=1.40, 95%CI=1.33-1.48, P<0.00001) and cohort studies (OR=2.05, 95%CI=1.32-3.17, P=0.001) showed significant association, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, this meta-analysis suggests that 17q21 locus rs7216389 polymorphism was significantly associated with paediatric asthma risk.


Assuntos
Asma/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 17/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , /genética , Asma/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Polimorfismo Genético , Fatores de Risco , /genética
14.
Oncotarget ; 8(7): 11614-11620, 2017 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28086224

RESUMO

Some studies found that there was a significant association between asthma and the risk of lung cancer. However, the results are inconclusive. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis. We searched the electronic databases for all relevant articles. Odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) were used to calculate the strength of the association between asthma and lung cancer risk. Asthma was significantly associated with the increased risk of lung cancer (OR = 1.44; 95% CI 1.31-1.59; P < 0.00001; I2 = 83%). Additionally, asthma patients without smoking also had the increased lung cancer risk. In the subgroup analysis of race and gender, Caucasians, Asians, male, and female patients with asthma showed the increased risk of lung cancer. However, asthma was not significantly associated with lung adenocarcinoma risk. In the stratified analysis by asthma definition, significant associations were found between asthma and lung cancer in self-reported subgroup, questionnaire subgroup, and register databases subgroup. However, no significant association was observed in physician-diagnosed asthma subgroup. In conclusion, this meta-analysis suggested that asthma might be significantly associated with lung cancer risk.


Assuntos
Asma/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Risco , Adulto Jovem
15.
PLoS One ; 11(1): e0147984, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26808271

RESUMO

Pollen organ Telangiopsis sp., associated with but not attached to vegetative fronds, has been collected from the Upper Devonian (Famennian) Wutong Formation, Dongzhi County, Anhui Province, China. Fertile axes with terminal pollen organs are dichotomous for 2-4 times and may be proximally attached by fragmentary pinnules. Pollen organs are synangiate and borne on the top of a short stalk. Synangia are radial in symmetry and each consists of 4-8 elongate microsporangia fused at base. Microsporangia have a longitudinal dehiscence line and show a tapered apex. The associated stem is spiny and bears a vegetative frond which bifurcates once at the basalmost part. Frond rachises possess one order of pinna arranged alternately. Pinnules are borne alternately, planate, highly dissected, and equally dichotomous for 2-3 times. Comparisons among Late Devonian seed plants recognize several branching patterns in the fertile fronds/axes bearing terminal pollen organs. Telangiopsis sp. reinforces that the Late Devonian pollen organs are synangiate usually with basally fused microsporangia. It is suggested that the evolutionary divergence of radial and bilateral symmetries of pollen organs may have occurred in the Famennian, when the earliest seed plants evolved planate and sometimes laminate pinnules.


Assuntos
Estruturas Vegetais , Pólen , Sementes
16.
Proc Biol Sci ; 282(1817): 20151613, 2015 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26468245

RESUMO

The earliest known ovules in the Late Devonian (Famennian) are borne terminally on fertile branches and are typically enclosed in a cupule. Among these ovules are some that have terete integumentary lobes with little or no fusion. Here, we report a new taxon, Latisemenia longshania, from the Famennian of South China, which bears cupulate ovules that are terminal as well as opposite on the fertile axis. Each ovule has four broad integumentary lobes, which are extensively fused to each other and also to the nucellus. The cupule is uniovulate, and the five flattened cupule segments of each terminal ovule are elongate cuneate and shorter than the ovule. Associated but not attached pinnules are laminate and Sphenopteris-like, with an entire or lobate margin. Latisemenia is the earliest known plant with ovules borne on the side of the fertile axis and may foreshadow the diverse ovule arrangements found among younger seed plant lineages that emerge in the Carboniferous. Following the telome theory, Latisemenia demonstrates derived features in both ovules and cupules, and the shape and fusion of integumentary lobes suggest effective pollination and protection to the nucellus. Along with other recent discoveries from China, Latisemenia extends the palaeogeographic range of the earliest seed plants.


Assuntos
Embriófitas/anatomia & histologia , Embriófitas/classificação , Fósseis , Sementes , China , Polinização
17.
Ann Bot ; 115(7): 1133-48, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25979918

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: With the exception of angiosperms, the main euphyllophyte lineages (i.e. ferns sensu lato, progymnosperms and gymnosperms) had evolved laminate leaves by the Late Devonian. The evolution of laminate leaves, however, remains unclear for early-diverging ferns, largely represented by fern-like plants. This study presents a novel fern-like taxon with pinnules, which provides new insights into the early evolution of laminate leaves in early-diverging ferns. METHODS: Macrofossil specimens were collected from the Upper Devonian (Famennian) Wutong Formation of Anhui and Jiangsu Provinces, South China. A standard degagement technique was employed to uncover compressed plant portions within the rock matrix. KEY RESULTS: A new fern-like taxon, SHOUGANGIA BELLA GEN ET SP NOV: , is described and represents an early-diverging fern with highly derived features. It has a partially creeping stem with adventitious roots only on one side, upright primary and secondary branches arranged in helices, tertiary branches borne alternately or (sub)oppositely, laminate and usually lobed leaves with divergent veins, and complex fertile organs terminating tertiary branches and possessing multiple divisions and numerous terminal sporangia. CONCLUSIONS: Shougangia bella provides unequivocal fossil evidence for laminate leaves in early-diverging ferns. It suggests that fern-like plants, along with other euphyllophyte lineages, had independently evolved megaphylls by the Late Devonian, possibly in response to a significant decline in atmospheric CO2 concentration. Among fern-like plants, planate ultimate appendages are homologous with laminate pinnules, and in the evolution of megaphylls, fertile organs tend to become complex.


Assuntos
Evolução Biológica , Gleiquênias/anatomia & histologia , Fósseis/anatomia & histologia , Folhas de Planta/anatomia & histologia , China , Gleiquênias/classificação , Filogenia
18.
PLoS One ; 10(3): e0122167, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25816297

RESUMO

Late Devonian Minostrobus chaohuensis is one of the earliest monosporangiate-strobilate isoetaleans. Based on new material of this plant, the vegetative axis and microsporangiate strobilus are studied in detail, and the whole plant knowledge is summarized. The vegetative axis is isotomously branched. The stem is up to 55 mm in diameter with helically arranged leaf cushions. Stems and thick branches bear long fusiform leaf cushions and interareas with vertical linear ornamentations. A ligule pit, oblanceolate leaf scar, and vascular bundle scar appear on the leaf cushion. Distal axes have persistent lanceolate leaves and rhombic leaf bases. The microsporangiate strobilus is cylindrical in shape, possesses sporophyll with alate pedicel and long triangular lamina, uniseriate sporangial wall, subarchesporial pad inside the sporangium, and microspore with cingulum. Based on comparisons with other isoetaleans, the usage of the terms "leaf cushion" and "leaf base" is discussed, and Minostrobus chaohuensis is considered as a tree-like lycopsid. It suggests that arborescent isoetaleans with monosporangiate strobili had appeared and diversified in the Late Devonian. The multi-dichotomous branching system of Minostrobus provides new data on the evolution of growth architecture in rhizomorphic lycopsids.


Assuntos
Fósseis/anatomia & histologia , Lycopodiaceae/anatomia & histologia , Esporângios/anatomia & histologia , Evolução Biológica , Lycopodiaceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento
19.
Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol ; 38(3): 632-41, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25338832

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) involving the periorbital region are technically challenging clinical entities to manage. The purpose of the present study was to present our initial experience of ethanol embolization in a series of 16 patients with auricular AVMs and assess the outcomes of this treatment. METHODS: Transcatheter arterial embolization and/or direct percutaneous puncture embolization were performed in the 16 patients. Pure or diluted ethanol was manually injected. The follow-up evaluations included physical examination and angiography at 1- to 6-month intervals. RESULTS: During the 28 ethanol embolization sessions, the amount of ethanol used ranged from 2 to 65 mL. The obliteration of ulceration, hemorrhage, pain, infection, pulsation, and bruit in most of the patients was obtained. The reduction of redness, swelling, and warmth was achieved in all the 16 patients, with down-staging of the Schobinger status for each patient. AVMs were devascularized 100 % in 3 patients, 76-99 % in 7 patients, and 50-75 % in 6 patients, according to the angiographic findings. The most common complications were necrosis and reversible blister. No permanent visual abnormality was found in any of the cases. CONCLUSION: Ethanol embolization is efficacious and safe in the treatment of AVMs in the periorbital region and has the potential to be accepted as the primary mode of therapy in the management of these lesions.


Assuntos
Malformações Arteriovenosas/terapia , Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Etanol/administração & dosagem , Órbita/diagnóstico por imagem , Órbita/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Órbita/irrigação sanguínea , Radiografia Intervencionista , Estudos Retrospectivos , Solventes , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
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