Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 158
Filtrar
1.
Am J Chin Med ; 50(3): 863-882, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35282802

RESUMO

Our previous study has revealed that malonyl-ginsenosides from Panax ginseng (PG-MGR) play a crucial role in the treatment of T2DM. However, its potential mechanism was still unclear. In this study, we investigated the anti-diabetic mechanisms of action of PG-MGR in high fat diet-fed (HFD) and streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice and determined the main constituents of PG-MGR responsible for its anti-diabetic effects. Our results showed that 16 malonyl ginsenosides were identified in PG-MGR by HPLC-ESI-MS/MS. PG-MGR treatment significantly reduced fasting blood glucose (FBG), triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels and improved insulin resistance and glucose tolerance. Simultaneously, PG-MGR treatment improved liver injury by decreasing aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) expression. Furthermore, Western blot analysis demonstrated that the protein expression levels of p-PI3K/PI3K, p-AKT/AKT, p-AMPK/AMPK, p-ACC/ACC and GLUT4 in liver and skeletal muscle were significantly up-regulated after PG-MGR treatment, and the protein expression levels of p-IRS-1/IRS-1, Fas and SREBP-1c were significantly reduced. These findings revealed that PG-MGR has the potential to improve glucose and lipid metabolism and insulin resistance by activating the IRS-1/PI3K/AKT and AMPK signal pathways.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Ginsenosídeos , Resistência à Insulina , Panax , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Animais , Colesterol , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Ginsenosídeos/farmacologia , Glucose/metabolismo , Insulina/metabolismo , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Camundongos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
2.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 43(1): 230-238, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34989507

RESUMO

Based on the flow direction of the Fuhe River into Baiyangdian Lake, the impacted area of the Fuhe River was divided into 6 subareas, and sediments from 48 sites were collected in November 2020. The characteristics and risks of sediment nutrients and heavy metal pollution in these six subareas were investigated. The results showed that the average ω(TN), ω(TP), and ω(TOC) were 1841 mg·kg-1, 769 mg·kg-1, and 1.77%, respectively. The major heavy metals were Cd, Cu, Zn, Hg, and Pb, which were 3.73, 1.50, 1.42, 1.31, and 1.31 times the soil background values for Hebei Province, respectively. The TP and heavy metal (Cd, Cu, Zn, Hg, and Pb) content showed a decreasing trend from the Fuhe River estuary to the downstream Zaolinzhuang, whereas the TN and TOC content showed no marked trends. TN, TP, TOC, and heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Zn, Hg, and Pb) were enriched in surface sediments (0-10 cm). The TP content in the surface sediments (0-10 cm) of the Fuhe River estuary, Fuhe River estuary-Nanliuzhuang, and Nanliuzhuang subareas were heavily polluted; the Wangjiazhai and Guangdian subareas were moderately polluted; and the Zaolinzhuang subarea was slightly polluted. Cd and Hg were the major contributors to heavy metal pollution, which were at considerable risk and moderate risk levels, respectively. The heavy metals in surface sediments (0-10 cm) of the Fuhe River estuary, Fuhe River estuary-Nanliuzhuang, and Nanliuzhuang subareas were at a considerable risk level, and the sediments below 30 cm presented a low risk level. The leaching concentrations of heavy metals in sediments from the subarea of severe ecological risk level were far less than the identification standard values of leaching toxicity, suggesting that the sediments can be treated as general waste after dredging.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Poluentes Químicos da Água , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Sedimentos Geológicos , Lagos , Metais Pesados/análise , Nutrientes , Medição de Risco , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
3.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 43(2): 907-919, 2022 Feb 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35075864

RESUMO

Cyclodextrin can form host-guest inclusion complexes with a variety of organic pollutants and has unique advantages in removing complex dye molecules from water. In this study, a porous cyclodextrin polymer (P-CDP) was prepared using a rigid crosslinking agent, and the structure of the P-CDP was characterized by FT-IR, XPS, SEM, BET, and other technologies. The P-CDP was studied using isothermal adsorption and kinetic adsorption experiments. The inclusion adsorption performance and host-guest effect of the P-CDP for dye molecules in water were studied using competitive experiments. The characterization results showed that the P-CDP had strong thermal stability. It had a microporous structure with a specific surface area of 108.745 m2·g-1. The Langmuir model and the pseudo-second-order kinetic model had a higher fitting degree for the adsorption process. The results of the competition experiments showed that the electrostatic effect was stronger than the host-guest effect in the adsorption process. Pollutants whose molecular configurations were highly matched with the cyclodextrin cavity could form inclusion complexes with high molecular stability. Contaminants with strong hydrophobicity were more likely to be encapsulated in the cyclodextrin cavity. After the P-CDP adsorbed the dyes, the removal efficiency after the fifth cycle of elution and regeneration remained above 80%. This study showed that P-CDP has potential application value in the treatment of dye wastewater.


Assuntos
Ciclodextrinas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Celulose , Corantes , Porosidade , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
4.
Asian J Androl ; 2021 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34916474

RESUMO

Large numbers of microbes can be present in seminal fluid, and there are differences in the semen microbiota between normal and abnormal semen samples. To evaluate the semen microbiota in patients with leukocytospermia, 87 seminal fluid samples, including 33 samples with a normal seminal leukocyte count and 54 samples with leukocytospermia, were obtained for a cross-sectional analysis. Twenty samples with a normal seminal leukocyte count had normal sperm parameters (Control group), and 13 samples with a normal seminal leukocyte count were from asthenozoospermia patients (Ast group). However, 32 samples with leukocytospermia were from asthenozoospermia patients (LA group), and only 22 samples with leukocytospermia had normal sperm parameters (Leu group). The 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene sequencing method was used to sequence the microbiota in the seminal fluid, and multiple bioinformatics methods were utilized to analyze the data. Finally, the results showed that the worse sperm parameters were observed in the leukocytospermia-related groups. Semen microbiota analysis found that there was increased alpha diversity in the leukocytospermia-related groups. Firmicutes, Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, and Bacteroidetes were the primary phyla in the seminal fluid. Two microbiota profiles, namely, Lactobacillus-enriched and Streptococcus-enriched groups, were identified in this study. The majority of the samples in the groups with a normal seminal leukocyte count could be categorized as Lactobacillus-enriched, whereas the majority of the leukocytospermia samples could be categorized as Streptococcus-enriched. Our study indicated that males with leukocytospermia have worse sperm parameters and a different semen microbiota composition compared to males with a normal seminal leukocyte count.

5.
ACS Omega ; 6(49): 33652-33664, 2021 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34926913

RESUMO

American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius L.) is popularly consumed as traditional herbal medicine and health food for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Malonyl ginsenosides (MGR) are the main natural ginsenosides in American ginseng. However, whether the malonyl ginsenosides in P. quinquefolius (PQ-MGR) possess antidiabetic effects has not been explored yet. In this study, the antidiabetic effects and the underlying mechanism of PQ-MGR in high-fat diet/streptozotocin (HFD/STZ)-induced T2DM mice were investigated. The chemical composition was analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-MS/MS). Our results showed that 14 malonyl ginsenosides were identified in the PQ-MGR. Among them, the content of m-Rb1 represented about 77.4% of the total malonyl ginsenosides. After a 5-week experiment, the PQ-MGR significantly reduced the fasting blood glucose (FBG), triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), nonesterified fatty acid (NEFA), alanine transaminase (ALT), and aspartate transaminase (AST) levels and improved glucose tolerance and insulin resistance. Furthermore, Western blot analysis demonstrated that the protein expressions of p-PI3K, p-AKT, p-AMPK, p-ACC, PPARγ, and GLUT4 in the liver and skeletal muscle were significantly upregulated after PQ-MGR treatment. In contrast, the protein expressions of p-IRS1 and p-JNK were significantly downregulated. Our results revealed that PQ-MGR could ameliorate glucose and lipid metabolism and insulin resistance in T2DM via regulation of the insulin receptor substrate-1/phosphoinositide3-kinase/protein-kinase B (IRS1/PI3K/Akt) and AMP-activated protein kinase/acetyl-CoA carboxylase (AMPK/ACC) pathways. These findings suggest that PQ-MGR may be used as an antidiabetic candidate drug for T2DM treatment.

6.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(11): 5303-5311, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34708969

RESUMO

A total of 22 antibiotics and 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons(PAHs) in sediments before and after desilting in typical areas(fish ponds and open water) of Baiyangdian Lake were analyzed using HPLC-MS/MS and GC/MS(high performance liquid chromatography and gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry), to evaluate their potentially risks to the ecological environment. The results showed that the contents of 22 antibiotics in Baiyangdian Lake sediments ranged from 0 to 52.89 ng·g-1, in which the quinolones content was the highest. After dredging treatment, the average content of antibiotics in Nanliuzhuang open water area decreased from 46.25 ng·g-1 to 9 ng·g-1(80.54% reduction), while the average content of antibiotic(19.07 ng·g-1) in Caiputai remained relatively stable. Therefore, the dredging treatment performed better in removing antibiotics from Naliuzhuang area. The total contents of 16 PAHs in sediments ranged from 23.79 ng·g-1 to 329.40 ng·g-1, in which Naphthalene was the highest(242.02 ng·g-1), while Fluoranthene was the lowest. The average content of PAHs in sediments in Nanliuzhuang decreased from 117.45 ng·g-1 to 50.49 ng·g-1 after dredging, while PAHs in Caiputai(57.98 ng·g-1) remained stable; the 57.01% reduction in PAHs in Nanliuzhuang open water indicated that dredging treatment exhibited stronger effects on PAHs variations in Nanliuzhuang compared to that of Caiputai. In addition, the ecological risk assessment showed that the risk of Enrofloxacin and Norfloxacin was high in area S2 of Nanliuzhuang open water, while PAHs exhibited relatively low ecological risk, in which the Naphthalene in area S1 of Fuhe river posed medium ecological risk while the remaining produced low ecological risks. The results indicated that quinolone antibiotics in sediments of the un-dredged area of Baiyangdian Lake should be monitored due to its higher ecological risk.


Assuntos
Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Antibacterianos , Monitoramento Ambiental , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Sedimentos Geológicos , Lagos/análise , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , Medição de Risco , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
7.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(10): 4781-4788, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581120

RESUMO

A dredging demonstration project in the Baiyangdian Lake included open waters and fishing ponds to reduce the internal release of nitrogen and phosphorus from bottom sediments. The dredging depth design was determined by both the sediment vertical distribution profile of total nitrogen and phosphorus, and the sediment adsorption-desorption equilibrium method. The determined dredging depths were very similar and coincident. The dredging depth for the demonstration area of open waters in Nanliuzhuang was identified as(50±10) cm; and the dredging depths for fishing ponds were(30±10) cm in both the Nanliuzhuang and Caiputai demonstration areas. The equilibrium nitrogen(NH4+-N) and phosphorus(SRP) concentrations at zero net sorption or desorption(ENC0 and EPC0) were significantly positively correlated with both exchangeable and total nitrogen and phosphorus in the sediments. The total nitrogen and phosphorus in the sediments were also used to predict the risk of their release from the bottom sediments to the overlying water column. The sediment layers with ENC0 and EPC0 values greater than the NH4+-N and SRP in the overlying water column indicated the sediments act as a source of dissolved nitrogen and phosphorus to the overlying water column in the Nanliuzhuang and Caiputai demonstration areas. Accordingly, the sediment layers with both total nitrogen concentrations greater than 750 mg·kg-1 and total phosphorus concentrations greater than 500 mg·kg-1 should be identified as dredging layers.


Assuntos
Fósforo , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , China , Sedimentos Geológicos , Lagos , Nitrogênio/análise , Fósforo/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
8.
Complement Ther Med ; 59: 102734, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33989798

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of acupuncture in the treatment of Tic Disorders (TD) in children, and to clarify the current evidence regarding the clinical application of acupuncture in the treatment of TD. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing acupuncture treatment with pharmaceutical treatment for TD were included in this review. A comprehensive search of 6 electronic literature databases was conducted, and the retrieval date was from the establishment of the database to April 2020. The Cochrane Collaboration's bias risk assessment tool was used to evaluate the bias risk of the included literature, and adopted the Review Manager 5.3 was used for statistical analysis of the data in the included literature. RESULTS: A total of 22 RCTs (1668 participants) were included in this review. Meta-analysis indicated that acupuncture showed superior effects in the following aspects, including higher overall effective rate [RR = 1.20,95 % CI(1.09,1.20),P<0.00001], significant reduction in Yale Global Tic Severity Scale (YGTSS) scores [MD=-2.79,95 %CI(-4.75,-0.82),P = 0.005], lower incidence of adverse effects [RR = 0.26,95 %CI(0.17,0.41),P<0.00001], and reduced recurrence rate [RR = 0.28,95 %CI(0.17,0.46),P<0.00001]. CONCLUSION: Acupuncture treatment alone is more effective in the treatment of TD than pharmaceutical treatment, as seen in the reduction of YGTSS scores, fewer adverse effects and lower recurrence rates.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Transtornos de Tique , Viés , Criança , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Transtornos de Tique/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
J BUON ; 26(1): 291, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33721476

RESUMO

Retraction of: 'Inhibitory effect of Aphidicolin - a tetracyclic diterpene - on the proliferation and apoptotic induction in human cervical cancer (HeLa) cells', by En-Yan Yu, Rui-Yan Zhao, Dong-Sheng Wang, JBUON 2015;20(6):1480-1486; PMID:26854444. Following the publication of the above article, readers drew to our attention that part of the data was unreliable. The authors were requested to provide the raw data to prove the originality, but were unable to do so. After an investigation, the Editors of JBUON decided to retract this article. We thank the readers for bringing this matter to our attention. We apologize for any inconvenience it may cause.

10.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 41(6): 763-770, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31949292

RESUMO

Metrnl is a newly identified secreted protein highly expressed in the intestinal epithelium. This study aimed to explore the role and mechanism of intestinal epithelial Metrnl in ulcerative colitis. Metrnl-/- (intestinal epithelial cell-specific Metrnl knockout) mice did not display any phenotypes of colitis under basal conditions. However, under administration of 3% dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) drinking water, colitis was more severe in Metrnl-/- mice than in WT mice, as indicated by comparisons of body weight loss, the presence of occult or gross blood per rectum, stool consistency, shrinkage in the colon, intestinal damage, and serum levels of inflammatory factors. DSS-induced colitis activated autophagy in the colon. This activation was partially inhibited by intestinal epithelial Metrnl deficiency, as indicated by a decrease in Beclin-1 and LC3-II/I and an increase in p62 in DSS-treated Metrnl-/- mice compared with WT mice. These phenomena were further confirmed by observation of autophagosomes and immunofluorescence staining for LC3 in epithelial cells. The autophagy-related AMPK-mTOR-p70S6K pathway was also activated in DSS-induced colitis, and this pathway was partially blocked by intestinal epithelial Metrnl deficiency, as indicated by a decrease in AMPK phosphorylation and an increase in mTOR and p70S6K phosphorylation in DSS-treated Metrnl-/- mice compared with WT mice. Therefore, Metrnl deficiency deteriorated ulcerative colitis at least partially through inhibition of autophagy via the AMPK-mTOR-p70S6K pathway, suggesting that Metrnl is a therapeutic target for ulcerative colitis.


Assuntos
Autofagia , Colite Ulcerativa/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Fatores de Crescimento Neural/metabolismo , Administração Oral , Animais , Células CACO-2 , Células Cultivadas , Colite Ulcerativa/induzido quimicamente , Colite Ulcerativa/patologia , Sulfato de Dextrana/administração & dosagem , Células Epiteliais/patologia , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Camundongos Transgênicos , Fatores de Crescimento Neural/deficiência , Fatores de Crescimento Neural/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
11.
Biomolecules ; 9(11)2019 11 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31690058

RESUMO

In the current study, corn steep liquor (CSL) is evaluated as an ideal raw agro-material for efficient lipid and docosahexaenoic acid DHA production by Aurantiochytrium sp. Low CSL level in medium (nitrogen deficiency) stimulated the biosynthesis of lipids and DHA while inhibiting cellular growth. The transcriptomic profiles of the Aurantiochytrium sp. cells are analyzed and compared when cultured under high (H group), normal (N group), and low (L group) levels of CSL in the medium. The discriminated transcriptomic profiles from the three groups indicates that changes in CSL level in medium result in a global change in transcriptome of Aurantiochytrium sp. The overall de novo assembly of cDNA sequence data generated 61,163 unigenes, and 18,129 of them were annotated in at least one database. A total of 5105 differently expressed (DE) genes were found in the N group versus the H group, with 2218 downregulated and 2887 upregulated. A total of 3625 DE genes were found in the N group versus the L group, with 1904 downregulated and 1721 upregulated. The analysis and categorization of the DE genes indicates that the regulation mechanism of CSL involved in the perception and transduction of the limited nitrogen signal, the interactions between the transcription factors (TFs) and multiple downstream genes, and the variations in downstream genes and metabolites, in sequence, are illuminated for the first time in the current study.


Assuntos
Ácidos Docosa-Hexaenoicos/biossíntese , Eucariotos/genética , Eucariotos/metabolismo , Lipídeos/biossíntese , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Meios de Cultura/química , Meios de Cultura/metabolismo , Eucariotos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Zea mays/metabolismo
12.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(36): 5515-5529, 2019 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576097

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Researchers have investigated the diagnostic value of protein induced by vitamin K absence or antagonist II (PIVKA-II) and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and obtained abundant clinical diagnostic data. However, PIVKA-II and AFP have unsatisfactory specificity and sensitivity in the diagnosis of early-stage HBV-related HCC. Gamma-glutamyltransferase (γ-GT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) are common biomarkers for evaluating liver function, and we hypothesized that the γ-GT/AST ratio in combination with PIVKA-II and AFP would improve the diagnosis of early-stage HBV-related HCC. AIM: To evaluate the diagnostic value of γ-GT/AST ratio alone or in combination with PIVKA-II and AFP in HBV-related HCC. METHODS: Serum levels of γ-GT, AST, PIVKA-II, and AFP were detected and analysed in 176 patients with HBV-related HCC and in 359 patients with chronic hepatitis B. According to tumour size and serum level of HBV DNA, HBV-related HCC patients were divided into the following categories: Early-stage HCC patients, HCC patients, HBV DNA positive (HBV DNA+) HCC patients, and HBV DNA negative (HBV DNA-) HCC patients. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to analyse and compare the diagnostic value of the single and combined detection of various biomarkers in different types of HBV-related HCC. RESULTS: Tumour size was positively correlated with serum levels of PIVKA-II and AFP in HCC patients (r = 0.529, a P < 0.001 and r = 0.270, b P < 0.001, respectively), but there was no correlation between tumour size and the γ-GT/AST ratio (r = 0.073, P = 0.336). The areas under the receiver-operating characteristic curves (AUROCs) of the γ-GT/AST ratio in early-stage HCC patients, HBV DNA+ HCC patients and HBV DNA- HCC patients were not significantly different from that in the total HCC patients (0.754, 0.802, and 0.705 vs 0.779, respectively; P > 0.05). When PIVKA-II was combined with the γ-GT/AST ratio in the diagnosis of early-stage HCC, HCC, and HBV DNA+ HCC, the AUROCs of PIVKA-II increased, with values of 0.857 vs 0.835, 0.925 vs 0.913, and 0.958 vs 0.954, respectively. When AFP was combined with the γ-GT/AST ratio in the diagnosis of early-stage HCC, HCC, HBV DNA+ HCC, and HBV DNA- HCC, the AUROCs of AFP increased, with values of 0.757 vs 0.621, 0.837 vs 0.744, 0.868 vs 0.757, and 0.840 vs 0.828, respectively. CONCLUSION: The γ-GT/AST ratio may be better than PIVKA-II and AFP in the diagnosis of early-stage HBV-related HCC, and its combination with PIVKA-II and AFP can improve the diagnostic value for HBV-related HCC.


Assuntos
Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Precursores de Proteínas/sangue , alfa-Fetoproteínas/análise , gama-Glutamiltransferase/sangue , Adulto , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/virologia , Feminino , Vírus da Hepatite B/isolamento & purificação , Hepatite B Crônica/patologia , Hepatite B Crônica/virologia , Humanos , Fígado/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Protrombina , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Front Physiol ; 10: 1109, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31551804

RESUMO

Background: Coronary heart disease (CHD) remains highly prevalent and is one of the largest causes of death worldwide. Blood stasis syndrome (BSS) is the main syndrome associated with CHD. However, the underlying biological basis of BSS with CHD is not yet been fully understood. Materials and Methods: We proposed a metabolomics method based on 1H-NMR and random forest (RF) models to elucidate the underlying biological basis of BSS with CHD. Firstly, 58 cases of CHD patients, including 27 BSS and 31 phlegm syndrome (PS), and 26 volunteers were recruited from Xiangya Hospital affiliated to Central South University. A 1 mL venous blood sample was collected for NMR analysis. Secondly, principal component analysis (PCA), partial least squares discrimination analysis (PLS-DA) and RF was applied to observe the classification of each group, respectively. Finally, RF and multidimensional scaling (MDS) were utilized to discover the plasma potential biomarkers in CHD patients and CHD-BSS patients. Results: The models constructed by RF could visually discriminate BSS from PS in CHD patients. Simultaneously, we obtained 12 characteristic metabolites, including lysine, glutamine, taurine, tyrosine, phenylalanine, histidine, lipid, citrate, choline, lactate, α-glucose, ß-glucose related to the CHD patients, and Choline, ß-glucose, α-glucose and tyrosine were considered as potential biomarkers of CHD-BSS. Conclusion: The combining of 1H-NMR profiling with RF models was a useful approach to analyze complex metabolomics data (should be deleted). Choline, ß-glucose, α-glucose and tyrosine were considered as potential biomarkers of CHD-BSS.

14.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 26(28): 29003-29011, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31388952

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) re-mobilize by phosphate-solubilizing bacteria (PSB) from immobilization contaminated soil has drawn great attention due to its serious threat to human health through food chain. However, Cd binding with weathered coal (WC), an effective Cd immobilization material, will be re-mobilized by PSB or not is still unclear. In this study, the soil and sand pots with Cd were respectively mixed with the weight fractions of 0‰, 2‰, and 3‰ WC, inoculated with or without PSB, and planted with Amaranthus mangostanus L. The experimental results indicated that: (i) Cd in soil was transformed into organic fraction with WC, which has been led to the Cd accumulation concentrations in roots and shoots reduced by 38.8% and 20.5%, respectively; (ii) PSB could promote the concentration of exchangeable-Cd fraction and soil Cd uptake by amaranth in all treatments; and (iii) WC application in sand pot respectively reduced the Cd accumulation by 47.5% in roots and 24.1% in shoots, but PSB inoculation showed no significant effect on Cd accumulation in plants under WC application. SEM, zeta potential, and FT-IR results showed that PSB inoculation after Cd immobilized by WC had no influence on the microstructure, amount of negative charge, type, and content of functional groups in WC, indicating that organic fraction Cd in WC was not re-mobilized by PSB. Therefore, the application of WC in contaminated soil was conducive to transforming Cd in organic-bound forms and intensifying Cd immobilization effects.


Assuntos
Amaranthus/metabolismo , Bactérias/metabolismo , Cádmio/análise , Carvão Mineral , Fosfatos/química , Solo/química , Poluição Ambiental , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Tempo (Meteorologia)
15.
J Environ Manage ; 244: 453-461, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31154108

RESUMO

Biogas slurry (BS) is a main byproduct of biogas production that is commonly used for agricultural irrigation because of its abundant nutrients and microelements. However, direct application of BS may cause quality decline and nitrate and heavy metal accumulation in crops. To address this issue, a microalgae culture experiment and an irrigation experiment were performed to evaluate the removal efficiencies of nutrients and heavy metals from diluted BS by microalgae Scenedesmus sp. and to investigate the effects of irrigation with microalgae-treated BS (MBS-25, MBS-50, MBS-75, and MBS-100) on nutritional quality, oxidation resistance, and nitrate and heavy metal residues in Chinese cabbage. After 8 days of continuous culture, a ratio of 1/1 for BS/tap water mixture (BS-50) was the optimal proportion for microalgal growth (3.73 g dry cell L-1) and efficient removal of total nitrogen (86.1%), total phosphorus (94.3%), COD (87.5%), Cr (50%), Pb (60.7%), and Cd (59.7%). The pH in MBS-50 medium recovered to the highest level in a shorter period of time and accelerated the gas stripping of ammonia nitrogen and the formation of insoluble phosphate and metals, which partly contributed to the high removal efficiencies. MBS irrigation significantly promoted crop growth; improved nutritional quality, edible taste, and oxidation resistance; and reduced nitrate and heavy metal residues in Chinese cabbage at a large scale. Therefore, microalgae culture was beneficial to reduce negative impacts of BS irrigation in crop growth and agricultural product safety. This study may provide a theoretical basis for the safe utilization of BS waste in agricultural irrigation.


Assuntos
Brassica , Metais Pesados , Microalgas , Biocombustíveis , Valor Nutritivo
16.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 40(4): 1990-1998, 2019 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31087946

RESUMO

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and odors, which pose potential hazards to human health and the ecosystem, are two of the most important pollutants emitted from the pharmaceutical fermentation industry. Currently, basic research on the characteristics of the pollution and effective prevention technology for VOCs and odors emitted from the pharmaceutical fermentation industry are limited. Specifically, the pharmaceutical fermentation industry lacks adequate theoretical guidance on the supervision and control of VOCs and odors, and some companies even face relocations. Using the pharmaceutical fermentation industry as the study object, the pollution characteristics of VOCs and odors emitted from different production workshops, sewage treatment stations, and the disposal of pharmaceutical residues were assessed. Based on the studies above, the progress of research into representative control technologies were also reviewed systematically. For VOCs and odors control in the pharmaceutical fermentation industry, four suggestions for future research were proposed:① The production processes should be optimized, and the discharge of pollution should be reduced throughout the entire processes; ② Basic research should be carried out on the pollution characteristics of the VOCs and odors emitted from the pharmaceutical fermentation industry, and a rapid and effective method to trace the sources of VOCs and odors should be established; ③ A comprehensive evaluation of control technologies should be conducted, taking cost and efficiency into account; ④ Emission standards and technical orders for VOCs and odors in the pharmaceutical fermentation industry should be formulated and implemented immediately.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/prevenção & controle , Indústria Farmacêutica , Fermentação , Odorantes/prevenção & controle , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(21): e15591, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31124935

RESUMO

RATIONALE: The aim of the present study was to assess the efficacy and safety of percutaneous cannulated screw (PCS) implantation assisted by screw view model of navigation (SVMN) to treat femoral neck fracture (FNF). PATIENT CONCERNS: A 42-year-old male patient suffered from a high falling injury, causing pain, swelling, deformity, and limited mobility on his right hip. DIAGNOSES: He was diagnosed with Garden type I of FNF. INTERVENTIONS: PCS implantation assisted by SVMN was used to treat fracture of femoral neck in this patient. OUTCOMES: The follow up lasted for 48 months. A total of 3 screws were inserted into femoral neck, all exhibiting excellent position. The mean screw deviation was 0.43° and 5.73° of femoral neck-shaft and anteversion angle, respectively. The guide wire drilling attempt of each screw was one-time. The fluoroscopic time lasted 6.3 minutes, the Harris hip scores improved from 67 to 88, and the blood loss was 35 mL. It took 11.7 minutes for designing the screws, 13.9 minutes for implanting the guide wires, and 37.3 minutes for placing the screws. No clinical complications were found during 48-month follow-up visit, including head penetration, implant failure, fracture nonunion, and femoral head osteonecrosis. LESSONS: The study revealed that SVMN is conducive to the PCS insertion for FNF. Our lesson is that the FNF must be well reduction before SVMN assisted PCS placement.


Assuntos
Parafusos Ósseos , Fraturas do Colo Femoral/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/instrumentação , Neuronavegação/métodos , Adulto , Cânula , Colo do Fêmur/lesões , Colo do Fêmur/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Consolidação da Fratura , Humanos , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Molecules ; 24(8)2019 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31013676

RESUMO

The traditional biochemical methods for analyzing cellular composition of oleaginous microorganisms are time-consuming, polluting, and expensive. In the present study, an FT-IR method was used to analyze the cellular composition of the marine oleaginous protist Aurantiochytrium sp. during various research processes, such as strains screening, medium optimization, and fermentation, and was evaluated as a green, low-cost, high throughput, and accurate method compared with the traditional methods. A total of 109 Aurantiochytrium sp. strains were screened for lipid and carbohydrate production and the best results were found for the strains No. 6 and No. 32. The yields and productivities could reach up to 47.2 g/L and 0.72 g/L/h for lipid, 21.6 g/L and 0.33 g/L/h for docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in the strain No. 6, and 15.4 g/L and 0.18 g/L/h for carbohydrate in the strain No. 32, under the optimal conditions, respectively. These results confirmed potentials of the two Aurantiochytrium sp. strains for lipid, DHA, and carbohydrate productions at industrial scales. The FT-IR method in this study will facilitate research on the oleaginous Aurantiochytrium sp., and the obtained two strains for lipid and carbohydrate productions will provide the foundations for their applications in medical, food, and feed industries.


Assuntos
Carboidratos/biossíntese , Ácidos Docosa-Hexaenoicos/biossíntese , Estramenópilas/metabolismo , Carboidratos/análise , Ácidos Docosa-Hexaenoicos/análise , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Estramenópilas/química
19.
Phys Rev Lett ; 122(9): 090501, 2019 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30932542

RESUMO

We provide the first example of a symmetry protected quantum phase that has universal computational power. This two-dimensional phase is protected by one-dimensional linelike symmetries that can be understood in terms of the local symmetries of a tensor network. These local symmetries imply that every ground state in the phase is a universal resource for measurement-based quantum computation.

20.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(19): 5560-5570, 2019 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30901205

RESUMO

The phytohormone 6-benzylaminopurine (6-BAP) significantly improves lipid synthesis of oleaginous microorganisms with the great potential applied in lipid production. In the current study, the lipid and DHA productions in oleaginous Aurantiochytrium sp. were found to be improved by 48.7% and 55.3%, respectively, induced by 6-BAP treatments. Then, using high-throughput RNA-seq technology, the overall de novo assembly of the cDNA sequence data generated 53871 unigenes, and 15902 of these were annotated in at least one database. The comparative transcriptomic profiles of cells with and without 6-BAP treatments revealed that a total of 717 were differently expressed genes (DE), with 472 upregulated and 245 downregulated. Further annotation and categorization indicated that some DE genes were involved in pathways crucial to lipid and DHA productions, such as fatty acid synthesis, central carbon metabolism, transcriptional factor, signal transduction, and mevalonate pathway. A regulation mode of 6-BAP, in turn, perception and transduction of 6-BAP signal, transcription factor, expression regulations of the downstream genes, and metabolic changes, respectively, was put forward for the first time in the present study. This research illuminates the transcriptomic mechanism of phytohormone stimulation of lipid and DHA production in an oleaginous microorganism and provides the potential targets modified using genetic engineering for improving lipid and DHA productivity.


Assuntos
Compostos de Benzil/farmacologia , Ácidos Docosa-Hexaenoicos/biossíntese , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas/farmacologia , Purinas/farmacologia , Estramenópilas/efeitos dos fármacos , Estramenópilas/genética , Compostos de Benzil/química , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas/química , Purinas/química , Estramenópilas/metabolismo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...