Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 334
Filtrar
1.
J Nat Prod ; 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33151696

RESUMO

Seven new arylpyrrole alkaloids (1-7), along with four known compounds, were isolated from an extract of a Dactylia sp. nov. marine sponge, and their structures were elucidated by interpretation of NMR and MS spectroscopic data. Denigrins D-G (1-4) have highly substituted pyrrole or pyrrolone rings in their core structures, while dactylpyrroles A-C (5-7) have tricyclic phenanthrene cores. Due to the proton-deficient nature of these scaffolds, key heteronuclear correlations from 1H-15N HMBC and LR-HSQMBC NMR experiments were used in the structure assignment of denigrin D (1). Dictyodendrin F (8), a previously described co-metabolite, inhibited transcription driven by the oncogenic PAX3-FOXO1 fusion gene with an IC50 value of 13 µM.

2.
Matrix Biol ; 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33157226

RESUMO

While vital to platelet and leukocyte adhesion, the role of integrin affinity modulation in adherent cells remains controversial. In endothelial cells, atheroprone hemodynamics and oxidized lipoproteins drive an increase in the high affinity conformation of α5ß1 integrins in endothelial cells in vitro, and α5ß1 integrin inhibitors reduce proinflammatory endothelial activation to these stimuli in vitro and in vivo. However, the importance of α5ß1 integrin affinity modulation to endothelial phenotype remains unknown. We now show that endothelial cells (talin1 L325R) unable to induce high affinity integrins initially adhere and spread but show significant defects in nascent adhesion formation. In contrast, overall focal adhesion number, area, and composition in stably adherent cells are similar between talin1 wildtype and talin1 L325R endothelial cells. However, talin1 L325R endothelial cells fail to induce high affinity α5ß1 integrins, fibronectin deposition, and proinflammatory responses to atheroprone hemodynamics and oxidized lipoproteins. Inducing the high affinity conformation of α5ß1 integrins in talin1 L325R endothelial cells suggest that NF-κB activation and maximal fibronectin deposition require both integrin activation and other integrin-independent signaling. In endothelial-specific talin1 L325R mice, atheroprone hemodynamics fail to promote inflammation and macrophage recruitment, demonstrating a vital role for integrin activation in regulating endothelial phenotype.

3.
BMC Evol Biol ; 20(1): 142, 2020 11 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33143637

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plants are easily affected by temperature variations, and high temperature (heat stress) and low temperature (cold stress) will lead to poor plant development and reduce crop yields. Therefore, it is very important to identify resistance genes for improving the ability of plants to resist heat stress or cold stress by using modern biotechnology. Members of the C-repeat binding factor/Dehydration responsive element-binding 1 (CBF/DREB1) protein family are related to the stress resistance of many plant species. These proteins affect the growth and development of plants and play vital roles during environmental stress (cold, heat, drought, salt, etc.). In this study, we identified CBF/DREB1 genes from 43 plant species (including algae, moss, ferns, gymnosperms, angiosperms) by using bioinformatic methods to clarify the characteristics of the CBF/DREB1 protein family members and their functions in potato under heat and cold stresses. RESULTS: In this study, we identified 292 CBF/DREB1 proteins from 43 plant species. However, no CBF/DREB1 protein was found in algae, moss, ferns, or gymnosperms; members of this protein family exist only in angiosperms. Phylogenetic analysis of all the CBF/DREB1 proteins revealed five independent groups. Among them, the genes of group I do not exist in eudicots and are found only in monocots, indicating that these genes have a special effect on monocots. The analysis of motifs, gene duplication events, and the expression data from the PGSC website revealed the gene structures, evolutionary relationships, and expression patterns of the CBF/DREB1 proteins. In addition, analysis of the transcript levels of the 8 CBF/DREB1 genes in potato (Solanum tuberosum) under low-temperature and high-temperature stresses showed that these genes were related to temperature stresses. In particular, the expression levels of StCBF3 and StCBF4 in the leaves, stems, and roots significantly increased under high-temperature conditions, which suggested that StCBF3 and StCBF4 may be closely related to heat tolerance in potato. CONCLUSION: Overall, members of the CBF/DREB1 protein family exist only in angiosperms and plays an important role in the growth and development of plants. In addition, the CBF/DREB1 protein family is related to the heat and cold resistance of potato. Our research revealed the evolution of the CBF/DREB1 family, and is useful for studying the precise functions of the CBF/DREB1 proteins when the plants are developing and are under temperature stress.

4.
J Med Genet ; 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33208382

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial encephalomyopathy with lactic acidosis and stroke-like episode (MELAS) is a group of genetic diseases caused by mutations in mitochondrial DNA and nuclear DNA. The causative mutations of MELAS have drawn much attention, among them, mutations in mitochondrial tRNA genes possessing prominent status. However, the detailed molecular pathogenesis of these tRNA gene mutations remains unclear and there are very few effective therapies available to date. METHODS: We performed muscle histochemistry, genetic analysis, molecular dynamic stimulation and measurement of oxygen consumption rate and respiratory chain complex activities to demonstrate the molecular pathomechanisms of m.5541C>T mutation. Moreover, we use cybrid cells to investigate the potential of taurine to rescue mitochondrial dysfunction caused by this mutation. RESULTS: We found a pathogenic m.5541C>T mutation in the tRNATrp gene in a large MELAS family. This mutation first affected the maturation and stability of tRNATrp and impaired mitochondrial respiratory chain complex activities, followed by remarkable mitochondrial dysfunction. Surprisingly, we identified that the supplementation of taurine almost completely restored mitochondrial tRNATrp levels and mitochondrial respiration deficiency at the in vitro cell level. CONCLUSION: The m.5541C>T mutation disturbed the translation machinery of mitochondrial tRNATrp and taurine supplementation may be a potential treatment for patients with m.5541C>T mutation. Further studies are needed to explore the full potential of taurine supplementation as therapy for patients with this mutation.

5.
Org Biomol Chem ; 18(40): 8147-8160, 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33016969

RESUMO

The fungal metabolite sphaeropsidin A (SphA) has been recognised for its promising cytotoxicity, particularly towards apoptosis- and multidrug-resistant cancers. Owing to its intriguing activity, the development of SphA as a potential anticancer agent has been pursued. However, this endeavour is compromised since SphA exhibits poor physicochemical stability under physiological conditions. Herein, SphA's instability in biological media was explored utilizing LC-MS. Notably, the degradation tendency was found to be markedly enhanced in the presence of amino acids in the cell medium utilized. Furthermore, the study investigated the presence of degradation adducts, including the identification, isolation and structural elucidation of a major degradation metabolite, (4R)-4,4',4'-trimethyl-3'-oxo-4-vinyl-4',5',6',7'-tetrahydro-3'H-spiro[cyclohexane-1,1'-isobenzofuran]-2-ene-2-carboxylic acid. Considering the reduced cytotoxic potency of aged SphA solutions, as well as that of the isolated degradation metabolite, the reported antiproliferative activity has been attributed primarily to the parent compound (SphA) and not its degradation species. The fact that SphA continues to exhibit remarkable bioactivity, despite being susceptible to degradation, motivates future research efforts to address the challenges associated with this instability impediment.

6.
J Am Chem Soc ; 142(42): 18138-18149, 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33044823

RESUMO

Covalent organic frameworks (COFs) are an emerging class of crystalline porous polymers with tailor-made structures and functionalities. To facilitate their utilization for advanced applications, it is crucial to develop a systematic approach to control the properties of COFs, including the crystallinity, stability, and functionalities. However, such an integrated design is challenging to achieve. Herein, we report supramolecular strategy-based linkage engineering to fabricate a versatile 2D hydrazone-linked COF platform for the coordination of different transition metal ions. Intra- and intermolecular hydrogen bonding as well as electrostatic interactions in the antiparallel stacking mode were first utilized to obtain two isoreticular COFs, namely COF-DB and COF-DT. On account of suitable nitrogen sites in COF-DB, the further metalation of COF-DB was accomplished upon the complexation with seven divalent transition metal ions M(II) (M = Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Pd, and Cd) under mild conditions. The resultant M/COF-DB exhibited extended π-conjugation, improved crystallinity, enhanced stability, and additional functionalities as compared to the parent COF-DB. Furthermore, the dynamic nature of the coordination bonding in M/COF-DB allows for the easy replacement of metal ions through a postsynthetic exchange. In particular, the coordination mode in Pd/COF-DB endows it with excellent catalytic activity and cyclic stability as a heterogeneous catalyst for the Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling reaction, outperforming its amorphous counterparts and Pd/COF-DT. This strategy provides an opportunity for the construction of 2D COFs with designable functions and opens an avenue to create COFs as multifunctional systems.

7.
Plants (Basel) ; 9(10)2020 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33080882

RESUMO

PHT1 (phosphate transporter 1) family genes play important roles in regulating plant growth and responding to stress. However, there has been little research on the role of the PHT1 family in potatoes. In this study, using molecular and bioinformatic approaches, 8 PHT1 family genes were identified from the potato genome. StPHT1;7 was highly expressed in the whole potato plants. The overexpression and silence vectors of StPHT1;7 were constructed and transformed into the potato cultivar Desiree. Consequently, StPHT1;7 overexpression (with a relative expression 2-7-fold that in the control) and silence lines (with a relative expression of 0.3%-1% that in the control) were obtained. Their growth vigor was ranked in the order overexpression line > wild type > silence line. In the absence of phosphorus, the root length of the overexpression line was approximately 2.6 times that of the wild type, while the root length of the silence line was approximately 0.6 times that of the wild type. Furthermore, their tolerance to drought stress was ranked as wild type > overexpression line > silence line. These results suggest that StPHT1;7 affects growth and stress tolerance in potato plants.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33091204

RESUMO

Nanomaterials with enzyme-mimicking activity (nanozyme) are at the targeted frontier for therapeutic interventions. However, it still remains a formidable challenge to selectively kill tumor cells through enzymatic reactions, while leaving normal cells unharmed. Herein, a new strategy is presented by developing single-site cascade enzymatic reaction for tumor-specific therapy while avoiding off-target toxicity to normal tissues. Copper hexacyanoferrate (Cu-HCF) nanozyme with active single-site copper exhibits cascade enzymatic activity (i.e., glutathione oxidase and peroxidase) within tumor microenvironment. Results show that Cu-HCF single-site nanozymes (SSNEs) first exert tumor-specific glutathione oxidase ability through depleting intracellular glutathione and converting single-site CuII species to CuI for subsequent amplified peroxidase activity via Fenton-type Harber-Weiss reaction, and thus substantial highly toxic hydroxyl radicals are generated for tumor cell apoptosis. Our work demonstrates that SSNEs could amplify the killing efficacy of singlet oxygen species and suppress the tumor growth in vivo, providing a promising self-assembled single-site nanozyme for amplified cascade enzymatic anticancer application.

9.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(12): 105363, 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33069087

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammation occurs after acute ischemic stroke (AIS), and complement C1q is involved in inflammation. However, studies about the association of complement C1q with AIS are still rare. The aim of our study is to investigate the relationship between serum C1q concentration and the clinical severity of AIS. METHODS: A total of 1294 patients were enrolled in our study, including 647 patients with AIS and 647 non-stroke controls. The infarction volume of AIS was assessed by the diameter of maximum transverse section (DMTS) based on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) of brain magnetic resonance imaging. Neurological impairment was assessed by the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS). The association of serum C1q levels with DMTS or NIHSS was investigated by Pearson's or Spearman's correlation analysis. RESULTS: Serum C1q levels of patients with AIS were significantly higher than those of individuals without AIS. Serum levels of C1q were associated with DMTS (r=0.511, p<0.001) and NIHSS (r=0.433, p<0.001) among patients with AIS. CONCLUSION: Serum C1q concentration was positively associated with DMTS and NIHSS of patients with AIS.

10.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-15, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33025819

RESUMO

The current study aimed to identify which natural products and which research directions are related to the major contributors to academic journals for diabetes therapy. Bibliometric data were extracted from the Web of Science online database using the search string TOPIC = (''natural product*' OR ''natural compound*' OR ''natural molecule*' OR 'phytochemical*' OR ''secondary metabolite*') AND TS = ('diabet*') and analysed by a bibliometric software, VOSviewer. The search yielded 3694 publications, which were collectively cited 80,791 times, with an H-index of 117 and 21.9 citations per publication on average. The top-contributing countries were India, the USA, China, South Korea and Brazil. Curcumin, flavanone, resveratrol, carotenoid, polyphenols, flavonol, flavone and berberine were the most frequently cited natural products or compound classes. Our results provide a brief overview of the major directions of natural product research in diabetes up to now and hint on promising avenues for future research.

11.
Zhongguo Yi Liao Qi Xie Za Zhi ; 44(5): 395-398, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047560

RESUMO

This research evaluated the clinical efficacy of three-wings rib plate in the treatment of multiple rib fractures and flail chest with mechanical analysis and clinical verification. The model of rib and three-wings rib plate was reconstructed. The contact simulation with pretension stress was applied to the plate's fixation, and it was found that the bearable stress of the rib fractures after fixation increased from the result which indicated a good fixation efficacy of the plate. Clinical data of 53 cases of rib fractures and flail chest treated with three-wings rib plate in Shanghai Pudong Hospital of Fudan University were retrospectively analyzed. After the operation, the pain of the patients was relieved. Postoperative CT reconstruction of the chest showed good restoration of the rib fractures, which verified the clinical efficacy of three-wings rib plate. The three-wings rib plate showed a high value in clinical use for treatment of rib fractures.

12.
Mar Drugs ; 18(11)2020 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33126420

RESUMO

Three new aryl alkaloids named suberitamides A-C (1-3), were isolated from an extract of the marine sponge Pseudosuberites sp. collected along the coast of North Carolina. Their planar structures were established by extensive nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and mass spectrometry (MS) analysis. To assign the challenging relative configuration of the saturated five-membered ring in suberitamide A (1), a simple and efficient NMR protocol was applied that is based on the analysis of 2- and 3-bond 1H-13C spin-spin coupling constants using a PIP (pure in-phase) HSQMBC (heteronuclear single quantum multiple bond correlation) IPAP (in-phase and anti-phase) experiment. Suberitamides A (1) and B (2) inhibited Cbl-b, an E3 ubiquitin ligase that is an important modulator of immune cell function, with IC50 values of approximately 11 µM.

13.
J Am Chem Soc ; 142(37): 15638-15643, 2020 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876439

RESUMO

Artificial aquaporins are synthetic molecules that mimic the structure and function of natural aquaporins (AQPs) in cell membranes. The development of artificial aquaporins would provide an alternative strategy for treatment of AQP-related diseases. In this report, an artificial aquaporin has been constructed from an amino-terminated tubular molecule, which operates in a unimolecular mechanism. The artificial channel can work in cell membranes with high water permeability and selectivity rivaling those of AQPs. Importantly, the channel can restore wound healing of the cells that contain function-lost AQPs.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32906109

RESUMO

Hexagonal RMnO3 (R = Er, Ho and Yb) single crystals were grown and their unique vortex domain structures, magnetic properties and magnetocaloric effect (MCE) were comprehensively investigated. The topological vortex domains/structures were clearly illustrated by polarized optical microscope and piezo response force microscopy, confirming a high quality of the crystals. The magnetic transitions related to R3+-Mn3+ interactions and anisotropic properties were observed in the RMnO3 crystals. The broad peaks of magnetic entropy change -SM appeared around T_N^R revealed that the order of R3+ moments is crucial to the large MCE. A giant rotating MCE (RMCE: ~10.57 J/kg K) was obtained with magnetic field changing from 0 to 50 kOe in ErMnO3, accompanied with a large refrigerant capacity (RC: ~159 J/kg). These significant RMCE and RC behaviors are found to be closely related to the R3+-R3+, and R3+-Mn3+ interactions in these RMnO3. These results may open up a possibility for designing low-temperature magnetic cooling devices by tailoring the R-4f and Mn-3d orbit interactions.

15.
J Clin Pharm Ther ; 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32974902

RESUMO

WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVES: Tacrolimus is used to treat patients with lupus nephritis; however, its time course and dose effect on proteinuria in lupus nephritis patients remain unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the time course and dose effect of tacrolimus on proteinuria in lupus nephritis patients via model-based meta-analysis (MBMA). METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library and ClinicalTrials.gov databases were systematically searched for information on the efficacy of tacrolimus against proteinuria in lupus nephritis patients. Useful data were extracted to build a model for the population studied using a non-linear mixed-effect model (NONMEM). This model was applied to simulate time course of tacrolimus on proteinuria using Monte Carlo simulations. RESULTS: Ten clinical studies that recruited 222 patients with lupus nephritis were included. Based on various diagnostic plots, we found that the established model described the observed data reasonably well. In addition, the typical Emax and ET50 of tacrolimus for 24-hour proteinuria in lupus nephritis patients were -5.88 g and 0.37 months, respectively. The baseline value of 24-hour proteinuria affected Emax . No significant dose-response relationship was observed in the range of tacrolimus concentration used in the present study (3-10 ng/mL), indicating that the effect of tacrolimus on proteinuria depends on effective concentration range and not the dose. However, the time course relationship was obvious; the efficacy of tacrolimus increased over time, reaching a plateau (80% Emax ) at approximately 1.48 months from the beginning of treatment. WHAT IS NEW AND CONCLUSION: When the concentration range of tacrolimus is maintained at 3-10 ng/mL, at least 1.48 months of treatment is required to achieve a better outcome with regard to proteinuria in lupus nephritis patients.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32931603

RESUMO

The dominated approaches for asymmetric aldol reactions have primarily focused on the aldol carbon-carbon bond-forming events. Here we postulate and develop a new catalytic strategy that seeks to modulate the reaction thermodynamics and control the product enantioselectivities via post-aldol processes. Specifically, an NHC catalyst is used to activate a masked enolate substrate (vinyl carbonate) to promote the aldol reaction in a non-enantioselective manner. This reversible aldol event is subsequently followed by an enantioselective acylative kinetic resolution that is mediated by the same (chiral) NHC catalyst without introducing any additional substance. This post-aldol process takes care of the enantioselectivity issues and drives the otherwise reversible aldol reaction toward a complete conversion. The acylated aldol products bearing quaternary/tetrasubstituted carbon stereogenic centers are formed in good yields and high optical purities.

17.
Expert Rev Clin Pharmacol ; 13(10): 1169-1177, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32940086

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The present study was to quantitate and compare the efficacy of metformin on weight in different disease states using model-based meta-analysis (MBMA). METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCT) of metformin effects on weight in different disease states were collected by searching the public databases. The change rate of weight from baseline was selected as the efficacy indicator. RESULTS: A total 21 RCTs containing 1885 patients including patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, patients with antipsychotic induced weight gain, patients with obesity, were included into the present study. After deducting placebo effect, the maximal effect (Emax) of metformin on weight in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, patients with antipsychotic induced weight gain, patients with obesity were -6.86%, -8.82%, and -4.14%, respectively. The treatment duration to reach half of the maximal effect (ET50) were 107, 45.5, and 15.1 weeks, respectively. Within the metformin dose range from 21 RCTs, no significant dose-response relationship was observed. However, the time-course relationship is obvious for efficacy of metformin on weight. CONCLUSIONS: The present study firstly provided quantitative information for metformin effects on weight in different disease states, including patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, patients with antipsychotic induced weight gain, patients with obesity.

18.
Int J Surg ; 82: 162-169, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32882401

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Deep learning has been validated as a promising technique for automatic segmentation and rapid three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of lumbosacral structures on CT. Simulated foraminoplasty of percutaneous endoscopic transforaminal discectomy (PETD) through the Kambin triangle may benefit viability assessment of PETD at L5/S1 level. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Medical records and radiographic data of patients with L5/S1 lumbar disc herniation (LDH) who received a single-level PETD from March 2013 to February 2018 were retrospectively collected and analyzed. Deep learning was adopted to achieve semantic segmentation of lumbosacral structures (nerve, bone, disc) on CT, and the segmented masks on reconstructed 3D models. Two observers measured the area of the Kambin triangle on 6 selected deep learning-derived 3D (DL-3D) models and ground truth-derived 3D (GT-3D) models, and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was calculated to assess the test-retest and interobserver reliability. Foraminoplasty of PETD was simulated on L5/S1 lumbosacral 3D models. Patients with extended foraminoplasty or stuck canula occurs on simulations were predicted as PETD-difficult cases (Group A). The remaining patients were regarded as PETD-normal cases (Group B). Clinical information and outcomes were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Deep learning-derived 3D models of lumbosacral structures (nerves, bones, and disc) from thin-layer CT were reliable. The area of the Kambin triangle was 161.27 ± 40.10 mm2 on DL-3D models and 153.57 ± 32.37 mm2 on GT-3D models (p = 0.206). Reliability test revealed strong test-retest reliability (ICC between 0.947 and 0.971) and interobserver reliability of multiple measurements (ICC between 0.866 and 0.961). The average operation time was 99.62 ± 17.39 min in Group A and 88.93 ± 21.87 min in Group B (P = 0.025). No significant differences in patient-reported outcomes or complications were observed between the two groups (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Deep learning achieved accurate and rapid segmentations of lumbosacral structures on CT, and deep learning-based 3D reconstructions were efficacious and reliable. Foraminoplasty simulation with deep learning-based lumbosacral reconstructions may benefit surgical difficulty prediction of PETD at L5/S1 level.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32909312

RESUMO

Selective hydrogenation of C=O against the conjugated C=C in cinnamaldehyde (CAL) is indispensable to produce cinnamyl alcohol (COL). Nonetheless, it is challenged by the low selectivity and the need to use organic solvents. Herein, for the first time, we report the use of Fe-Co alloy nanoparticles (NPs) on N-doped carbon support as a selective hydrogenation catalyst to efficiently convert CAL to COL. The resultant catalyst with the optimized Fe/Co ratio of 0.5 can achieve an exceptional COL selectivity of 91.7 % at a CAL conversion of 95.1 % in pure water medium under mild reaction conditions, ranking it the best performed catalyst reported to date. The experimental results confirm that the COL selectivity and CAL conversion efficiency are, respectively promoted by the presence of Fe and Co, while the synergism of the alloyed Fe-Co is the key to concurrently achieve high COL selectivity and CAL conversion efficiency.

20.
Genes (Basel) ; 11(9)2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32942673

RESUMO

Alternative splicing (AS) is an important mechanism by which eukaryotes regulate transcription and protein diversity. The dynamic changes in AS that occur on a genome-wide scale during interactions between plant roots and pathogens remain unknown. Here, we used the interaction between Arabidopsis and Ralstonia solanacearum as a model to explore the AS changes that take place during the response of roots to infection by means of high-throughput RNA-sequencing. We showed that dynamic changes in AS occur much earlier than changes at the level of transcription during R.solanacearum infection. Comparing genes that are regulated at the transcriptional and AS levels indicated that there are few common genes between differentially spliced genes (DSGs) and differentially expressed genes (DEGs). The functional gene ontology (GO) analysis identified that the enriched GO terms for the DSGs were different from those of the DEGs. The DSGs were over-represented in GO terms associated with post-transcriptional and translational regulations, suggesting that AS may act on RNA stability and during post-translation, thus affecting the output of plant defense molecules. Meanwhile, changes in DSGs were infection stage-specific. Furthermore, the nucleotide binding domain and leucine-rich repeat proteins and receptor-like kinases, key regulators in plant immunity, were shown to undergo dynamic changes in AS in response to R. solanacearum. Taken together, AS, along with transcription, modulates plant root defense to R. solanacearum through transcriptome reprogramming.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA