Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 518
Filtrar
1.
Clin Rheumatol ; 2020 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32562072

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gout is a common chronic disease with a high recurrence rate. To date, the debate continues about the best time for using urate lowering therapy (ULT) during an acute gout attack. OBJECTIVE: This updated meta-analysis is designed to assess the clinical efficacy of ULT in the management of acute exacerbations of gout. Through the results, we hope to determine whether uric acid lowering agents should be used to manage acute exacerbations of gout. METHODS: A comprehensive search of six databases without language restrictions includes PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, EMBASE, CNKI, and WanFang data. The literature used was published before October 2019. Six randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with 557 patients met the inclusion criteria. Standardized mean difference (SMD), weighted mean difference (WMD), risk ratio (RR), and 95% confidence interval (CI) were used for estimating the clinical efficacy of ULT in acute gout. RESULTS: Data results showed no statistical difference in the pain visual analogue score (VAS) by day 3 (weighted mean difference (WMD), 0.06; 95% CI, - 0.13 to 0.25; I2 0%; P = 0.55), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) between the group using uric acid lowering agents and the group that was not using such agents. Moreover, the patients using ULT agents had lower serum uric acid level (standardized mean difference (SMD), - 0.73; 95% CI, -0.92 to -0.54; I2 23%; P < 0.00001) and showed better adherence to medication (risk ratio (RR), 1.40; 95% CI, 1.18 to 1.65; I2 0%; P < 0.0001) as compared with the patients not that were not using such agents. However, there was no substantial difference in the recurrence rate of acute gout attacks (RR, 0.84; 95% CI, 0.59 to 1.19; I2 0%; P = 0.33).The evidence for this is, however, very moderate. CONCLUSION: Our finding shows that it is beneficial in many aspects to use uric-acid-lowering drugs at the initial stage of an acute gout attack. However, larger sample size studies are still needed to prove our results. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Registration number: PROSPERO (CRD42020153924).Key Points• This is a first meta-analysis about the clinical efficacy of urate-lowering therapy (ULT) in acute gout without language restrictions.• ULT in acute gout may not aggravate the pain (WMD, 0.06; 95% CI, - 0.13 to 0.25).• ULT at the initial stage of an acute gout attack can reduce serum uric acid level (SMD, -0.73; 95% CI, - 0.92 to - 0.54) and improve medication compliance in patients (RR, 1.40; 95% CI, 1.18 to 1.65).• ULT in acute gout is not associated with the risk of gout flares (RR, 0.84; 95% CI, 0.59 to 1.19).

2.
Clin Chim Acta ; 509: 43-51, 2020 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32505770

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the integration platelet features in blood and platelet rich plasma can establish a model to diagnose lung cancer and colon cancer, even differentiate lung malignancy from lung benign diseases. METHODS: 245 individuals including 159 lung cancer and 86 normal participants were divided into the training cohort and testing cohort randomly. Then, 32 colon cancers, 37 lung cancers, and 21 benign patients were enrolled into validate cohort. The whole blood and corresponding platelet rich plasma (PRP) samples from all participants were prospectively collected, and the platelet features were determined. The features which are statistically significant at the univariate analysis in the training cohort and reported significant features were entered the diagnostic model. A receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to evaluate the accuracy of the model in each cohort. RESULTS: In the training cohort, multiple platelet features were significantly different in lung cancer patients, including MPV in whole blood, MPV, and platelet count in PRP and platelet recovery rate (PRR). For the training cohort, the diagnostic model for lung cancer performed well (AUC = 0.92). The probability distribution of lung cancers and controls in testing cohort were also separated well by the diagnostic model (AUC = 0.79). The diagnostic model for colon cancer also performed well (AUC = 0.79). The model also has a potential value in differentiating the lung malignancy from the benign (AUC = 0.69). CONCLUSION: The PRR was first raised and used in the detection of lung cancer. This study identified a diagnostic model based on PRR and other platelet features in whole blood and PRP samples with the potential to distinguish patients with lung cancer or colon cancer from healthy controls. The model could also be used to distinguish between lung cancer from the benign disease.

3.
Water Sci Technol ; 81(5): 1090-1098, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32541125

RESUMO

The real time estimation of effluent indices of papermaking wastewater is vital to environmental conservation. Ensemble methods have significant advantages over conventional single models in terms of prediction accuracy. As an ensemble method, multi-grained cascade forest (gcForest) is implemented for the prediction of wastewater indices. Compared with the conventional modeling methods including partial least squares, support vector regression, and artificial neural networks, the gcForest model shows prediction superiority for effluent suspended solid (SSeff) and effluent chemical oxygen demand (CODeff). In terms of SSeff, gcForest achieves the highest correlation coefficient with a value of 0.86 and the lowest root-mean-square error (RMSE) value of 0.41. In comparison with the conventional models, the RMSE value using gcForest is reduced by approximately 46.05% to 50.60%. In terms of CODeff, gcForest achieves the highest correlation coefficient with a value of 0.83 and the lowest root-mean-square error value of 4.05. In comparison with the conventional models, the RMSE value using gcForest is reduced by approximately 10.60% to 18.51%.


Assuntos
Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos , Águas Residuárias , Análise da Demanda Biológica de Oxigênio , Florestas , Redes Neurais de Computação
4.
J Hazard Mater ; 398: 122987, 2020 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32512458

RESUMO

Coagulation is an important defluorination process. However, because of the poor sedimentation properties, conventional coagulants often result in limited defluorination performance and excessive residual aluminum. In this study, AlCl3 and the highly-positively-charged molecule [AlO4Al12(OH)24(H2O)12]7+ (Al13) was utilized to treat fluoride-containing water. By comparison, the role of aluminum speciation in fluoride removal was elucidated. Under initial pH of 6.0, 7.0 and 8.0, the highest defluorination efficiencies of high-fluoride water ([F-]0 = 8.0 mg/L) were 78.2%, 71.6% and 83.2% at Al13 dosage of 20 mg/L, 40 mg/L and 50 mg/L. Combined with detailed investigations of the chemical compositions of flocs, along with electrospray ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (ESI-TOF-MS) analysis of residual aluminum, the defluorination mechanisms of both coagulants were discussed. In acidic conditions, both coagulants hydrolyzed and formed various Al clusters, among which transient Al (Alts) was the intermediate of the other clusters. The coprecipitation of high-polymerized Al and F- contributed most of the defluorination rate. While under neutral and alkaline conditions, hydrogen bonding and ion exchange together with coprecipitation were the main roles for Al13. The effects of AlCl3 were merely physical actions, and were affected by the decreased pH. This work provides new insights into the coagulation and defluorination process.

5.
Sci Total Environ ; 732: 139265, 2020 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32416401

RESUMO

Microbe-assisted phytoremediation for Cd-polluted soil is being regarded increasingly. However, the availability of microbes that can collaborate with Cd-hyperaccumulators effectively has become one of bottlenecks restricting the remediation efficiency. A siderophore-producing bacterium (Y16; Enterobacter cloacae) isolated from the rhizospheric soil of Cd-hyperaccumulator Solanum nigrum L. was identified by 16S rRNA gene sequencing and biochemical analysis, and then used for analyzing microbial chemotaxis, carbon source utilization, and insoluble P/Cd mobilization capacities. Besides, a soil-pot trial was performed to underlie the phytoremediation mechanism of Cd-polluted soil assisted by D-gluconate-enhanced Enterobacter cloacae colonization (DEYC) in the Solanum nigrum L. rhizosphere. Results displayed that D-gluconate was an effective chemoattractant and carbon source strengthening Y16 colonization, and Y16 exhibited strong abilities to mobilize insoluble P/Cd in shake flask by extracellular acidification (p < 0.05). In the soil-pot trial, DEYC observably enhanced soil Cd phytoextraction by Solanum nigrum L., and increased microbial diversity according to alpha- and beta-diversity analysis (p < 0.05). Taxonomic distribution and co-occurrence network analysis suggested that DEYC increased relative abundances of dominant microbial taxa associated with soil acidification (Acidobacteria-6), indoleacetic acid secretion (Ensifer adhaerens), soil fertility improvement (Flavisolibacter, Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus, and Candidatus nitrososphaera), and insoluble Cd mobilization (Massilia timonae) at different classification levels. Importantly, COGs analysis further shown that DEYC aroused the up-regulation of key genes related to chemotactic motility, carbon fixation, TCA cycle, and propanoate metabolism. These results indicated that DEYC drove the rhizospheric enrichment of pivotal microbial taxa directly or indirectly involved in soil Cd mobilization, meanwhile distinctly promoted plant growth for accumulating more mobilizable Cd. Therefore, Y16 could be used as bio-inoculants for assisting phytoremediation of Cd-polluted soil.


Assuntos
Solanum nigrum , Biodegradação Ambiental , Cádmio , Enterobacter cloacae , Gluconatos , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Rizosfera , Solo , Poluentes do Solo
6.
Theriogenology ; 153: 68-73, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32442742

RESUMO

Endometritis is a prevalent reproductive disease in dairy cows, and is a superficial inflammation of the endometrium. S100 calcium-binding protein A4 (S100A4) is suggested to be implicated in the progression of inflammation. However, to our knowledge, no study has reported the changes of S100A4 during bovine endometritis. The objective of this study was to investigate S100A4 gene expression and protein levels in the uterus with endometritis in dairy cows. Vaginal mucus samples were collected for diagnosis of the severity degree of endometritis and the detection of S100A4 protein content. Blood samples and endometrial biopsies were collected and divided into the control (CN), mild endometrtis (M), and severe endometritis (S) groups according to the characteristics of the vaginal mucus type. The isolated bovine endometrial epithelial cells (BEECs) were challenged with E. coli (2 × 106 CFU/mL, 2 × 107 CFU/mL) or lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 3 and 10 µg/mL) as an inflammatory model. RT-qPCR was used to detect the gene expression levels of S100A4 and cytokines, including interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-10 (IL-10), and tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), in tissues or cells. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used for S100A4 protein level detection in tissues, cells, cell supernatant, vaginal mucus, and serum samples. The results showed that S100A4 gene and protein levels decreased in bovine endometrium with endometritis and in E. coli- or LPS-stimulated BEECs. We failed to detect S100A4 in the cell supernatant, vaginal mucus, and serum samples. This study suggested that S100A4 is a pathogenesis-related protein of endometritis, and decreased expression of S100A4 may pave the way for the development of endometritis in dairy cows.

7.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(20): 10970-10975, 2020 05 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32350134

RESUMO

After analyzing the immune characteristics of patients with severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), we have identified that pathogenic T cells and inflammatory monocytes with large amount of interleukin 6 secreting may incite the inflammatory storm, which may potentially be curbed through monoclonal antibody that targets the IL-6 pathways. Here, we aimed to assess the efficacy of tocilizumab in severe patients with COVID-19 and seek a therapeutic strategy. The patients diagnosed as severe or critical COVID-19 in The First Affiliated Hospital of University of Science and Technology of China (Anhui Provincial Hospital) and Anhui Fuyang Second People's Hospital were given tocilizumab in addition to routine therapy between 5 and 14 February 2020. The changes of clinical manifestations, computerized tomography (CT) scan image, and laboratory examinations were retrospectively analyzed. Fever returned to normal on the first day, and other symptoms improved remarkably within a few days. Within 5 d after tocilizumab, 15 of the 20 patients (75.0%) had lowered their oxygen intake, and 1 patient needed no oxygen therapy. CT scans manifested that the lung lesion opacity absorbed in 19 patients (90.5%). The percentage of lymphocytes in peripheral blood, which decreased in 85.0% of patients (17/20) before treatment (mean, 15.52 ± 8.89%), returned to normal in 52.6% of patients (10/19) on the fifth day after treatment. Abnormally elevated C-reactive protein decreased significantly in 84.2% of patients (16/19). No obvious adverse reactions were observed. All patients have been discharged on average 15.1 d after giving tocilizumab. Preliminary data show that tocilizumab, which improved the clinical outcome immediately in severe and critical COVID-19 patients, is an effective treatment to reduce mortality.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Interleucina-6/antagonistas & inibidores , Interleucina-6/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32306263

RESUMO

The modified Fe3O4 nanoparticles were used as a support for the immobilization of horseradish peroxidase (HRP). The immobilized enzyme (HRP@Fe3O4) was characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier-transform infrared spectrometer (FTIR), and vibration sample magnetometer (VSM). According to the results, the optimum concentration of glutaraldehyde (GA) and agitation time were 300 µL and 7 h. HRP was well loaded on the surface of the Fe3O4. There was no change in the crystal structure of HRP@Fe3O4 compared with Fe3O4. The removals of bisphenol A (BPA) and 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2) using HRP@Fe3O4 had been investigated. The degradation efficiencies of BPA and EE2 catalyzed by HRP@Fe3O4 were higher than that of soluble HRP. In addition, HRP@Fe3O4 can be reused through magnetic separation. After the fifth repeated use, the removal efficiencies of BPA and EE2 were up to 56% and 48%, respectively. Batch studies of catalyzed oxidation and coagulation on the degradation of BPA and EE2 in the presence of humic acid (HA) were also investigated. The order of the removal efficiencies was HRP+PACl (polyaluminum chloride)+SDS (lauryl sodium sulfate)>HRP+PACl>HRP>HRP+PAM (Polyacrylamide)>HRP+PAM+SDS. The coagulation effect of HRP@Fe3O4 and PACl was better than that of HRP@Fe3O4 and PAM. The removals of BPA and EE2 were 90.3% and 64.5% by use HRP@Fe3O4 and PACl as coagulant, while the removals were 78.7% and 57.6% by use HRP@Fe3O4 and PAM as coagulant. SDS had a positive effect on PACl, while a negative effect on PAM. Moreover, the products generated by enzymatic oxidation reaction can be effectively removed after coagulation.

9.
J Environ Manage ; 265: 110541, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32275248

RESUMO

The work evaluated the influence of different operating conditions (voltage, ionic strength and mechanical pressure) on algae electro-osmotic dewatering effect and extracellular organic matter (EOM) regionalization. It was found that the algae electro-dewatering effect became better as the voltage and ionic strength increased, but electro-dewatering effect was decreased when ionic strength was more than 0.006gNaCl/gTSS, this indicated that too high ionic strength will reduce algae electro-dewatering effect. In addition, electro-osmosis effect first increases and then weakens when the pressure was increased. The content of dissolved organic materials (DOM) in the filtrate of both electrodes was increased when the voltage and ionic strength enhanced, the DOM content of filtrate at cathode and anode were increased from 42.9 mg/L, 36.7 mg/L to 68.2 mg/L, 85.3 mg/L when ionic strength raised from 0gNaCl/gTSS to 0.01gNaCl/gTSS, this indicated that a large amount of EOM dissolution as the voltage and ionic strength increased. The DOM content of both electrodes did not change significantly when mechanical pressure changed, anodic oxidation can oxidize and decompose macromolecular weight substances into mid-molecular weight and low molecular weight substances.


Assuntos
Esgotos , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos , Eletricidade , Eletrodos , Concentração Osmolar
10.
Bioresour Technol ; 309: 123316, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32305839

RESUMO

In this study, the effect of extracellular polymer substances on the tetracycline removal under hydroxyl aluminium treatment was investigated, and the molecular mechanisms of extracellular polymeric substances mediated coagulation of tetracycline were also explored. The results show that the presence of extracellular polymeric substances could significantly enhance the removal efficiency of tetracycline in hydroxyl aluminium coagulation. Findings suggest that tyrosine and tryptophan in extracellular proteins acted as binding sites to capture tetracycline. Evidences provided by the density functional theory calculations in combination with spectroscopy analysis indicated that two main mechanisms accounted for tetracycline removal in the presence of extracellular polymeric substances and polyaluminum chloride: (1) amino group in proteins and carbonyl in tetracycline were bridged by Al3+; (2) benzene rings in tryptophan and tyrosine were π-π stacked with tetracycline, and the amino group in complexes were further coordinated with Al3+.


Assuntos
Matriz Extracelular de Substâncias Poliméricas , Purificação da Água , Alumínio , Antibacterianos , Floculação , Polímeros , Tetraciclina
11.
Mol Cancer Ther ; 19(4): 999-1007, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32241873

RESUMO

H-Ras is a unique isoform of the Ras GTPase family, one of the most prominently mutated oncogene families across the cancer landscape. Relative to other isoforms, though, mutations of H-Ras account for the smallest proportion of mutant Ras cancers. Yet, in recent years, there have been renewed efforts to study this isoform, especially as certain H-Ras-driven cancers, like those of the head and neck, have become more prominent. Important advances have therefore been made not only in the understanding of H-Ras structural biology but also in approaches designed to inhibit and impair its signaling activity. In this review, we outline historic and present initiatives to elucidate the mechanisms of H-Ras-dependent tumorigenesis as well as highlight ongoing developments in the quest to target this critical oncogene.

12.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 2794263, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32185198

RESUMO

Background: Fluoxetine (FLU) is the first-line and widely used medication for depression; however, FLU treatment is almost ineffective in 30%-40% of patients with depression. In addition, there are some problems in FLU treatment, such as delayed efficacy, large side effects, and poor tolerance. Chaihu Shugan San (CSS) is a classic and effective antidepressant Chinese herbal medicine that has been used in China for thousands of years. CSS or coadministration of CSS and FLU has become one of the most recommended methods in the treatment of depression in China. However, the specific pathways of CSS and coadministration of CSS and FLU for antidepressant are still unclear. Objective: This study was designed to evaluate the antidepressant effects of CSS and coadministration of CSS and FLU. Methods: The chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) rat model was used to simulate depression. 120 healthy adult male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into seven groups: the control group, CUMS group, low-dose CSS group, high-dose CSS group, FLU group, coadministration of low-dose CSS and FLU group, and coadministration of high-dose CSS and FLU group. The rats in different groups were given different interventions. Then, the depression-like behavior and cognitive function were evaluated by the sucrose preference test (SPT), forced swimming test (FST), open field test (OFT), and Y-maze test. What is more, the antidepressant mechanism of CSS and coadministration of CSS and FLU were studied through BDNF mRNA, ERK mRNA, CREB mRNA, BDNF, p-ERK/ERK, and p-CREB/CREB levels in the hippocampus and frontal cortex by Western blot and RT-PCR. Results: Compared with the CUMS group, CSS and coadministration of CSS and FLU could alleviate the depressive symptoms and improve cognitive function in CUMS rats (p < 0.05); CSS and coadministration of CSS and FLU could increase the expression of BDNF, p-CREB/CREB, p-ERK/ERK, and BDNF mRNA, CREB mRNA, and ERK mRNA in the hippocampus and frontal cortex (p < 0.05); CSS and coadministration of CSS and FLU could increase the expression of BDNF, p-CREB/CREB, p-ERK/ERK, and BDNF mRNA, CREB mRNA, and ERK mRNA in the hippocampus and frontal cortex (p < 0.05); CSS and coadministration of CSS and FLU could increase the expression of BDNF, p-CREB/CREB, p-ERK/ERK, and BDNF mRNA, CREB mRNA, and ERK mRNA in the hippocampus and frontal cortex (Discussion and Conclusion. Finally, we found that both CSS and coadministration of CSS and FLU play an antidepressant role, which may be due to the regulation of the BDNF/ERK/CREB signaling pathway in the hippocampus and frontal cortex. Among them, the coadministration of CSS and FLU can enhance the antidepressant effect of CSS or FLU alone, and the underlying mechanism needs further investigation.

13.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e23255, 2020 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32133679

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of storage time and temperature on plasma insulin levels and to establish a correction formula. METHODS: Venous blood samples were taken from 20 volunteers and processed as follows: whole blood samples, centrifuged samples, and separated plasma samples were stored at 4°C or 25°C. Insulin levels were determined by direct chemiluminescence at 0, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 8 hours. According to the correlation between the insulin concentration ratio and storage time, correction formulas for the insulin concentration were established. To verify the test, the venous blood samples of another 33 volunteers were processed in the same way. The insulin levels of the samples were corrected after 3, 6, 12, and 24 hours and compared with the value at 0 hours to verify the feasibility of the corrected formula. RESULTS: With the prolongation of storage time, the insulin levels of the whole blood samples at 4°C or 25°C and of the centrifuged samples at 25°C decreased gradually (P < .001), and the insulin level correction formulas were Ccorrection  = Cdetermination /0.991e-0.069 x , Ccorrection  = Cdetermination /1.048e-0.126 x , and Ccorrection  = Cdetermination /[-0.068ln(x) + 0.9242]. There was no significant difference between the corrected insulin results and the original results at any time within 12 hours (P > .05). CONCLUSIONS: The insulin levels of the whole blood samples at 4°C or 25°C and of the plasma samples at 25°C gradually decreased with storage time. The effect of storage time on the insulin level can be reduced with the correction formulas.

14.
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) ; 22(4): 623-630, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32153115

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to assess the association of blood pressure (BP) measurements with the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and examine whether central systolic BP (CSBP) predicts CVD better than brachial BP measurements (SBP and pulse pressure [PP]). Based on a cross-sectional study conducted in 2009-2010 with follow-up in 2016-2017 among 35- to 64-year-old subjects in China, we evaluated the performance of non-invasively predicted CSBP over brachial BP measurements on the first CVD events. Each BP measurement, individually and jointly with another BP measurement, was entered into the multivariate Cox proportional-hazards models, to examine the predictability of central and brachial BP measurements. Mean age of participants (n = 8710) was 50.1 years at baseline. After a median follow-up of 6.36 years, 187 CVD events occurred. CSBP was a stronger predictor for CVD than brachial BP measurements (CSBP, 1-standard deviation increment HR = 1.49, 95%CI: 1.31-1.70). With CSBP and SBP entering into models jointly, the HR for CSBP and SBP was 1.28 (1.04-1.58) and 1.22 (0.98-1.50), respectively. With CSBP and PP entering into models jointly, the HR for CSBP and PP was 1.51 (1.28-1.78) and 0.98 (0.83-1.15), respectively. For subgroup analysis, the association of CSBP with CVD was stronger than brachial BP measurements in women, those with hypertension and obesity. In the middle-aged Chinese population, noninvasively estimated CSBP may offer advantages over brachial BP measurements to predict CVD events, especially for participants with higher risk. These findings suggest prospective assessment of CSBP as a prevention and treatment target in further trials.

15.
Langmuir ; 36(12): 3029-3037, 2020 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176511

RESUMO

One key limitation of artificial skin-like materials is the shortened service life caused by mechanical damages during practical applications. The ability to self-heal can effectively extend the material service life, reduce the maintenance cost, and ensure safety. Therefore, it is important and necessary to fabricate materials with simultaneously mechanical and electrical self-healing behavior in a facile and convenient way. Herein, we report a stretchable and conductive self-healing elastomer based on intermolecular networks between poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) through a facile and convenient postreduction and one-pot method. The introduction of rGO provides the PAA-GO elastomers with good mechanical stability and electrical properties. Moreover, this material exhibited both electrical and mechanical self-healing properties. After cutting, the elastomers self-healed quickly (∼30 s) and efficiently (∼95%) at room temperature. The elastomers were accurate and reliable in detecting external strain even after healing. The elastomers were further applied for strain sensors, which were attached directly to human skin to monitor external movements, including finger bending and wrist twisting.

16.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 90: 395-407, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32081335

RESUMO

In this work, we proposed a green and cost-effective method to prepare a graphene-based hyper-cross-linked porous carbon composite (GN/HCPC) by one-pot carbonization of hyper-cross-linked polymer (HCP) and glucose. The composite combined the advantages of graphene (GN) and hyper-cross-linked porous carbon (HCPC), leading to high specific surface area (396.93 m2/g) and large total pore volume (0.413 cm3/g). The resulting GN/HCPC composite was applied as an adsorbent to remove 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) from aqueous solutions. The influence of different solution conditions including pH, ionic strength, contact time, system temperature and concentration of humic acid was determined. The maximum adsorption capacity of GN/HCPC composite (calculated by the Langmuir model) could reach 348.43 mg/g, which represented increases of 43.6% and 13.6% over those of the as-prepared pure GN and HCPC, respectively. The Langmuir model and pseudo-second-order kinetic model were found to fit well with the adsorption process. Thermodynamic experiments suggested that the adsorption proceeded spontaneously and endothermically. In addition, the GN/HCPC composite showed high adsorption performance toward other organic contaminants including tetracycline, bisphenol A and phenol. Measurement of the adsorption capability of GN/HCPC in secondary effluent revealed a slight decrease over that in pure water solution. This study demonstrated that the GN/HCPC composite can be utilized as a practical and efficient adsorbent for the removal of organic contaminants in wastewater.


Assuntos
Clorofenóis/química , Grafite/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Adsorção , Carbono , Cinética , Porosidade
17.
FEBS Open Bio ; 10(4): 535-545, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32027103

RESUMO

Nearly half of human cancers harbor p53 mutations, and mutant p53 (mutp53) promotes carcinogenesis, metastasis, tumor recurrence and chemoresistance. mutp53 is observed in 30% of breast carcinomas, including triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), and thus mutp53 is a promising target for treatment of TNBC. In this study, we investigated the effect of a phosphatidylinositide 3 kinase/mammalian target of rapamycin dual inhibitor, NVP-BEZ235 (BEZ235), on two TNBC cell lines with mutp53: MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-468. Cell growth, migration and colony-formation abilities were detected by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide, scratch assay, transwell and soft agar assay, revealing that BEZ235 can inhibit the growth, migration and colony-formation abilities of TNBC cells. In addition, BEZ235 caused degradation of mutp53 in these cells. We investigated the underlying mechanism by inhibiting proteasome function using MG132 and inhibiting autophagy using 3-methyladenine and shRNAs. We observed that BEZ235 may induce autophagy through repression of the Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin signaling pathway. The observed interplay between mutp53 and autophagy in TNBC cells was examined further by knockdown of ATG5 and ATG7, revealing that degradation of mutp53 induced by BEZ235 may be independent of the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway and autophagy mediated by ATG5 and ATG7. Moreover, we found evidence of positive feedback between mutp53 and autophagy in TNBC cells. In conclusion, BEZ235 may exert antitumor effects against TNBC cells by targeting mutp53, and this may have implications for the development of future therapies.

18.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 41(6): 763-770, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31949292

RESUMO

Metrnl is a newly identified secreted protein highly expressed in the intestinal epithelium. This study aimed to explore the role and mechanism of intestinal epithelial Metrnl in ulcerative colitis. Metrnl-/- (intestinal epithelial cell-specific Metrnl knockout) mice did not display any phenotypes of colitis under basal conditions. However, under administration of 3% dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) drinking water, colitis was more severe in Metrnl-/- mice than in WT mice, as indicated by comparisons of body weight loss, the presence of occult or gross blood per rectum, stool consistency, shrinkage in the colon, intestinal damage, and serum levels of inflammatory factors. DSS-induced colitis activated autophagy in the colon. This activation was partially inhibited by intestinal epithelial Metrnl deficiency, as indicated by a decrease in Beclin-1 and LC3-II/I and an increase in p62 in DSS-treated Metrnl-/- mice compared with WT mice. These phenomena were further confirmed by observation of autophagosomes and immunofluorescence staining for LC3 in epithelial cells. The autophagy-related AMPK-mTOR-p70S6K pathway was also activated in DSS-induced colitis, and this pathway was partially blocked by intestinal epithelial Metrnl deficiency, as indicated by a decrease in AMPK phosphorylation and an increase in mTOR and p70S6K phosphorylation in DSS-treated Metrnl-/- mice compared with WT mice. Therefore, Metrnl deficiency deteriorated ulcerative colitis at least partially through inhibition of autophagy via the AMPK-mTOR-p70S6K pathway, suggesting that Metrnl is a therapeutic target for ulcerative colitis.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31972084

RESUMO

Secret information recorded by traditional single-encrypted invisible inks is easily cracked because the inks can switch only between "NONE" and "TRUTH". Developing double-encrypted systems makes the information reversibly switchable between "FALSE" and "TRUTH", which is helpful to ensure the safety of the secret information during transport. Here, we prepared heat-developed invisible inks by hydrochromic molecules donor-acceptor Stenhouse adducts (DASAs) and oxazolidines (OXs) and promoted the invisible inks from single to double encryption. DASAs coordinate with water molecules and form stable colorless cyclic DASA·xH2O molecules, which lose coordinated water molecules after heating and switch to colored linear DASAs. In contrast, OXs are colored with water and are colorless after heating. Single-encrypted secrecy was realized by DASA invisible inks. The information is invisible under the encrypted state and becomes bright purple after heating. Vapor treating re-encrypted the information in ∼5 min. Furthermore, the single-encryption was promoted to double-encryption by a DASA/OX invisible inks system. Heating and vapor treating switch the information between the "FALSE" and "TRUTH" reversibly. The DASA/OX invisible ink system is applied for secrecy of texts, graphic images, and quick response (QR) codes.

20.
J Hazard Mater ; 386: 121930, 2020 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31893556

RESUMO

In this work, sludge conditioning efficiency of cerium chloride (CeCl3) in combination with organic polymers was evaluated, the floc microstructure and extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) properties under flocculation conditioning were analyzed. The interaction mechanisms between EPS and Ce(III) were systematically investigated through two-dimension correlation spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and confocal laser scanning microscopy. In addition, the adsorption and catalytic abilities of Ce-sludge based carbon (SBC) in tetracycline (TC) removal were evaluated. The results showed that CeCl3 conditioning performed well in improving sludge dewaterability, and CeCl3 and cationic polyacrylamide showed a synergistic effect in sludge conditioning. Contents of EPS decreased as the dosage of CeCl3 increased because of charge neutralization and complexation reactions. 2D-UV-FTIR heterospectral correlation spectroscopy analysis suggested the reaction activity of EPS to Ce(III) followed the order of humic acid > protein > polysaccharide. The decrease of α-helix content improved the hydrophobicity of proteins in EPS, which was responsible for sludge dewaterability improvement in CeCl3 conditioning. Besides, the SBC was prepared with CeCl3 conditioned sludge for treating water containing TC. Ce-SBC had a dual function of adsorption and Fenton-like activity. This work provides a sludge recycling process that coupled chemical conditioning to pyrolysis carbonization to prepare functional carbon-based materials.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA