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1.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 43(1): 230-238, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34989507

RESUMO

Based on the flow direction of the Fuhe River into Baiyangdian Lake, the impacted area of the Fuhe River was divided into 6 subareas, and sediments from 48 sites were collected in November 2020. The characteristics and risks of sediment nutrients and heavy metal pollution in these six subareas were investigated. The results showed that the average ω(TN), ω(TP), and ω(TOC) were 1841 mg·kg-1, 769 mg·kg-1, and 1.77%, respectively. The major heavy metals were Cd, Cu, Zn, Hg, and Pb, which were 3.73, 1.50, 1.42, 1.31, and 1.31 times the soil background values for Hebei Province, respectively. The TP and heavy metal (Cd, Cu, Zn, Hg, and Pb) content showed a decreasing trend from the Fuhe River estuary to the downstream Zaolinzhuang, whereas the TN and TOC content showed no marked trends. TN, TP, TOC, and heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Zn, Hg, and Pb) were enriched in surface sediments (0-10 cm). The TP content in the surface sediments (0-10 cm) of the Fuhe River estuary, Fuhe River estuary-Nanliuzhuang, and Nanliuzhuang subareas were heavily polluted; the Wangjiazhai and Guangdian subareas were moderately polluted; and the Zaolinzhuang subarea was slightly polluted. Cd and Hg were the major contributors to heavy metal pollution, which were at considerable risk and moderate risk levels, respectively. The heavy metals in surface sediments (0-10 cm) of the Fuhe River estuary, Fuhe River estuary-Nanliuzhuang, and Nanliuzhuang subareas were at a considerable risk level, and the sediments below 30 cm presented a low risk level. The leaching concentrations of heavy metals in sediments from the subarea of severe ecological risk level were far less than the identification standard values of leaching toxicity, suggesting that the sediments can be treated as general waste after dredging.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Poluentes Químicos da Água , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Sedimentos Geológicos , Lagos , Metais Pesados/análise , Nutrientes , Medição de Risco , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
2.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 229: 113090, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34929500

RESUMO

The combination of crop planting and animal rearing in the same area is popular. However, if the methods of planting and rearing are not appropriate, it will result in losses and the disruption of pest management. The toxicities of 17 insecticides to Plutella xylostella, Eriocheir sinensis, and Procambarus clarkii were tested. The recommended maximum field doses were used in 2 d and 4 d bioassays, and the levels of resistance of P. xylostella to insecticides were determined. Of five insecticides that had relatively low toxicity to E. sinensis and P. clarkii, spinetoram and MbNPV showed the best control efficacy of P. xylostella, followed by tetrachlorantraniliprole, chlorantraniliprole, and avermectin. P. xylostella had relatively little resistance to spinetoram, MbNPV, chlorantraniliprole, and avermectin. Therefore, we concluded that the best insecticides suitable for combination planting and rearing fields (cauliflower-crab or cauliflower-crayfish) were spinetoram and MbNPV, followed by chlorantraniliprole and avermectin. Other insecticides, such as emamectin benzoate, indoxacarb, and chlorfenapyr were effective at controlling P. xylostella, but they were not suitable for use in combination planting and rearing fields because of their high toxicity to crabs and crayfish.


Assuntos
Inseticidas , Mariposas , Animais , Crustáceos , Resistência a Inseticidas , Inseticidas/toxicidade , Larva
3.
Gene ; 807: 145888, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371096

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a glucose intolerance condition encounters for the first time in a fraction of pregnant women. The role of different host inflammatory molecules in GDM etiology has been deciphered. Chemerin is a chemoattractant protein primarily associated with the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes, obesity, and metabolic syndrome. However, the association of chemerin and its genetic variants with the predisposition of GDM is not clear, and our present study is aimed to address the issue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 703 Chinese women comprising of GDM (n = 303), glucose tolerant pregnant women (n = 211), and non-pregnant glucose tolerant controls (n = 189) were recruited in the present investigation. GDM was diagnosed according to the World Health Organization recommendation for diagnosis of gestational diabetes during pregnancy. Plasma levels of chemerin were quantified by an Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). Common variants in the chemerin gene (rs4721, rs17173617, rs7806429, and rs17173608) were genotyped by using TaqMan assay. RESULTS: Plasma chemerin level was found higher in subjects with GDM as compared to glucose tolerant pregnant and non-pregnant women. Further, a positive correlation between plasma chemerin and HOMA-IR index suggesting an essential role of chemerin in mediating insulin resistance. Variants of rs4721 and rs17173608 polymorphisms were associated with lower levels of plasma chemerin and low HOMA-IR index. Furthermore, mutants of rs4721 and rs17173608 polymorphisms were associated with protection against the development of GDM in the Chinese cohort. CONCLUSIONS: Plasma chemerin is elevated in GDM patients. Genetic variation in chemerin gene associated with lower plasma levels of chemerin, HOMA-IR index and protects against the development of GDM in Chinese.


Assuntos
Quimiocinas/genética , Quimiocinas/metabolismo , Diabetes Gestacional/genética , Adulto , Glicemia/genética , Quimiocinas/sangue , China , Estudos de Coortes , Diabetes Gestacional/metabolismo , Diabetes Gestacional/fisiopatologia , Testes Diagnósticos de Rotina/métodos , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/métodos , Feminino , Intolerância à Glucose/genética , Humanos , Insulina/metabolismo , Resistência à Insulina/genética , Resistência à Insulina/fisiologia , Síndrome Metabólica/genética , Obesidade/genética , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Gravidez
4.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 606(Pt 1): 500-509, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34403859

RESUMO

Microscopic structure and size are important metrics for estimating aggregates environmental behaviors during water and wastewater treatment. However, in-situ determination of these characteristics is still a challenge. Here, we drew inspiration from a block disassembly process to propose an electrical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) method and constructed a generalized framework to associate macroscale electrical properties with microscopic structure and size-related characteristics of aggregates of different hierarchies. Extracted via EIS, the proposed models were verified to be capable of describing the self-similarity of aggregates and capturing the fractal and size information. Further, the proposed models exhibited a wide range of applications, which agrees well with the data gathered from various activated sludges, other colloids, and microgels in water and wastewater treatment. Finally, the EIS method was achieved online monitoring of fractal dimension and floc size during a sludge pre-oxidation conditioning process, which was elected as an example to illustrate the potential online applications of this EIS method in real water and wastewater environment. The obtained on-line data were used to indicate the potential suitable oxidation time during sludge pre-oxidation conditioning. These observations may inspire new methods of quantifying the aggregate structure and promote intelligent and dynamic decision-making during water and wastewater treatment.


Assuntos
Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos , Purificação da Água , Espectroscopia Dielétrica , Floculação , Água
5.
Mol Med Rep ; 25(1)2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34850959

RESUMO

Subsequently to the publication of the above article, an interested reader drew to the authors' attention that, in Fig. 4A on p. 6, the 'T' and 'DAPT' data panels appeared to contain some of the same data, although one of the panels appeared to have been rotated through 180° relative to the other. The authors have re­examined their original data, and have realized that this figure was assembled incorrectly. Subsequently, the authors have reperformed the experiments that were concerned with the immunohistochemical detection of PCNA in rat lung tissue samples, and the new results for Fig. 4A are shown in a corrected version of Fig. 4 on the next page. Note that the errors made in assembling the original version of this figure did not quantitatively affect either the results or the overall conclusions reported in this paper. The authors are grateful to the Editor of Molecular Medicine Reports for allowing them this opportunity to publish a Corrigendum; furthermore, they apologize to the readership for any inconvenience caused. [the original article was published in Molecular Medicine Reports 23: Article no. 89, 2021; DOI: 10.3892/mmr.2020.11726].

6.
J Hazard Mater ; 424(Pt B): 127408, 2022 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34653857

RESUMO

Natural organic matter (NOM) can tremendously influence the purification efficiency of the drinking water treatment process. Coagulation was the first and primary process of NOM removal in the drinking water treatment process. The interaction between coagulants and NOM molecules remains unclear. Three typical coagulants (Al13, FeCl3, and AlCl3) were used to investigate the effects on NOM removal. The measurement of NOM was conducted using 15 T Electrospray Ionization coupled Fourier-Transform-Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry (ESI-FT-ICR MS). The coagulation process altered the mass peak numbers as well as relative intensity of the peaks which were positively correlated with TOC value. The lignin-like compound was the most abundant moiety in raw water. Al-based coagulants remove more unsaturated larger compounds (lower KMD and higher carbon number). Al13 remove the unsaturated hydrocarbons preferably. FeCl3 is more reactive with NOM molecules and removes more fully saturated compounds. These findings revealed the coagulation removal mechanism of NOM with different structural characteristics and advise the practical use of coagulants for various raw water with different NOM characteristics.

7.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 284: 114812, 2022 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34752899

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Bai-Hu-Tang (BHT) is traditionally used to treat human and animal fever syndrome with four symptoms: large and vigorous pulse, large thirst, high sweat, and high heat. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the mechanism of vasodilation regulation of Bai-Hu-Tang in primary vascular endothelial cells stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A hydrophilic concentrate of BHT was prepared, and the main components of mangiferin and timosaponin BⅡ were determined by HLPC analysis. The rabbit fever model was constructed by intravenous injection of LPS (15 µg/kg body weight), and BHT was gavaged to treat febrile rabbits. After treatment for 6 h, animal peripheral blood was collected, and serum was isolated for endothelin-1 (ET-1) and nitric oxide (NO) assays. Rabbit vascular endothelial cells (RVECs) were isolated and stimulated with 1 µg/mL LPS, and then inflammatory cells were treated with 125 or 250 µg/mL BHT for 24 h. The supernatant cytokines TNF-ɑ, IL-1ß, IL-6, and ET-1 were detected by ELISA kits. Gene expression levels of endothelin receptor type B (ETB receptor) were analysed by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and protein expression levels of PI3K and Akt were detected by Western blot. A nitrite assay was used to measure intracellular nitric oxide (NO) production, and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) was measured by the T-NOS colorimetric method. RESULTS: Animal experiments demonstrated that BHT significantly restored ET-1 and NO in animal peripheral blood, which were disordered in LPS-induced fever rabbits. Moreover, a cytotoxicity assay demonstrated that BHT ≤700 µg/mL is innoxious to RVECs. BHT significantly repressed cellular TNF-α, IL-1ß, and ET-1, which were originally elevated by LPS in RVECs. Meanwhile, BHT elevated the gene expression level of the ETB receptor and promoted NOS and NO production in RVECs induced by LPS. CONCLUSION: BHT can inhibit excessive ET-1 secretion induced by LPS in vascular endothelial cells and activate the classic ET-1 signalling pathway to promote NO production, which may facilitate vasodilation of smooth muscle cells.

8.
Sci Total Environ ; 805: 150353, 2022 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34818788

RESUMO

Recovering high value-added resources from waste activated sludge (WAS) is a potential way for the sustainable wastewater treatment. In this study, hydrothermal treatment at 180 °C was used to simultaneously improve sludge dewaterability and recover sludge organic matters (SOMs). The recovered SOMs were subsequently employed as precursors to prepare nitrogen-doped porous carbon nanosheets via a facile stepwise synthesis method. The as-prepared optimal carbon (AP-SOM800) was characterized with an ultrahigh specific surface area (3473 m2/g), appropriate porosity (1.77 cm3/g), and abundant heteroatoms (1.47% N and 7.44% O). AP-SOM800 exhibited a high specific capacitance (409 F/g at 0.25 A/g), low resistance (0.52 Ω), and superior cyclic stability (only 9.09% loss after 10,000 cycles) in 6 M KOH aqueous electrolyte. Furthermore, AP-SOM800 demonstrated an extraordinary adsorption capacity (1528 mg/g for methyl orange (MO) and 1265 mg/g for tetracycline (TC)) that can be maintained (˃ 1200 mg/g) over a wide range of pH conditions. Specifically, 80.97% of MO and 66.67% of TC were rapidly absorbed through AP-SOM800 within 10 min, and 90.27% of MO and 81.24% of TC were eventually removed from wastewater after 60 min. The adsorption processes fit closely with the pseudo-second-order kinetic (R2 > 0.999) and Langmuir models (R2 > 0.914), revealing that the adsorption processes were dominated by a monolayer chemical adsorption reaction. This study suggests that high value-added materials can be obtained from the WAS through improving and extending the traditional sludge treatment processes, which will enrich the technical options available for future sustainable sludge treatment and disposal.


Assuntos
Esgotos , Purificação da Água , Adsorção , Carbono , Nitrogênio , Águas Residuárias
9.
J Hazard Mater ; 424(Pt A): 127346, 2022 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34601409

RESUMO

Sludge pyrolysis carbonization has shown potential to convert sludge biomass into multifunctional carbon materials. However, ecological risks of dissolved organic matters (DOMs) with obscure molecular characteristics retaining in sludge-based carbons (SBCs) have received little attention. This study investigated the impact of pyrolysis temperatures on the molecular conversion and biotoxicity effects of DOMs in SBCs. The results revealed that DOMs in SBCs300-400 were mainly derived from depolymerization of biopolymers and the polycondensation and cyclization of small intermediate molecules, which mainly consisted of aromatic CHON compounds with 1-3 N atoms, featuring high unsaturation and molecular weights. High-temperature pyrolysis (500-800 °C) promoted the decomposition and ring-opening of aromatic CHON compounds into saturated aliphatic CHO compounds with 2-4 O atoms in SBCs500-800. Noteworthily, SBCs300-400-derived DOMs showed relatively strong biotoxicity on the growth and development of wild-type zebrafish embryos, pakchoi seeds, and Vibrio qinghaiensis Q67, which was significantly related to aromatic amines, phenols, and heterocyclic-N compounds in DOMs of SBCs300-400. SBCs500-800-derived DOMs were mainly straight-chain fatty acids and showed no observable acute biotoxicity. This study highlights the negative impact of DOMs in SBCs on the ecological environment, and provides the theoretical basis for controlling toxic byproducts in sludge pyrolysis process.


Assuntos
Pirólise , Esgotos , Animais , Carbono , Temperatura , Peixe-Zebra
10.
Front Oncol ; 11: 773644, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34858853

RESUMO

The pro-oncogene ETS-1 (E26 transformation-specific sequence 1) is a key regulator of the proliferation and invasion of cancer cells. The present work examined the correlation of the aberrant expression of ETS-1 with histological or clinical classification of astrocytoma: grade I (pilocytic astrocytoma), grade II (diffuse astrocytoma), grade III (anaplastic astrocytoma), and grade IV (glioblastoma multiforme). MicroRNA, miR-338-5p, was predicted by an online tool (miRDB) to potentially target the 3' untranslated region of ETS-1; this was confirmed by multi-assays, including western blot experiments or the point mutation of the targeting sites of miR-338-5p in ETS-1's 3'untralation region (3'UTR). The expression of miR-338-5p was negatively associated with that of ETS-1 in astrocytoma, and deficiency of miR-338-5p would mediate aberrant expression of ETS-1 in astrocytoma. Mechanistically, hypermethylation of miR-338-5p by DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) resulted in repression of miR-338-5p expression and the aberrant expression of ETS-1. Knockdown or deactivation of DNMT1 decreased the methylation rate of the miR-338-5p promoter, increased the expression of miR-338-5p, and repressed the expression of ETS-1 in astrocytoma cell lines U251 and U87. These results indicate that hypermethylation of the miR-338-5p promoter by DNMT1 mediates the aberrant expression of ETS-1 related to disease severity of patients with astrocytoma.

11.
J Plant Physiol ; 269: 153591, 2021 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34936969

RESUMO

Nitrogen (N) is the most abundant mineral nutrient required by plants, and crop productivity depends heavily on N fertilization in many soils. Production and application of N fertilizers consume huge amounts of energy and substantially increase the costs of agricultural production. Excess N compounds released from agricultural systems are also detrimental to the environment. Thus, increasing plant N uptake efficiency is essential for the development of sustainable agriculture. Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi are beneficial symbionts of most terrestrial plants that facilitate plant nutrient uptake and increase host resistance to diverse environmental stresses. AM association is an endosymbiotic process that relies on the differentiation of both host plant roots and AM fungi to create novel contact interfaces within the cells of plant roots. AM plants have two pathways for nutrient uptake: either direct uptake via the root hairs and root epidermis, or indirectly through AM fungal hyphae into root cortical cells. Over the last few years, great progress has been made in deciphering the molecular mechanisms underlying the AM-mediated modulation of nutrient uptake processes, and a growing number of fungal and plant genes responsible for the uptake of nutrients from soil or transfer across the fungi-root interface have been identified. Here, we mainly summarize the recent advances in N uptake, assimilation, and translocation in AM symbiosis, and also discuss how N interplays with C and P in modulating AM development, as well as the synergies between AM fungi and soil microbial communities in N uptake.

12.
Asian J Androl ; 2021 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34916474

RESUMO

Large numbers of microbes can be present in seminal fluid, and there are differences in the semen microbiota between normal and abnormal semen samples. To evaluate the semen microbiota in patients with leukocytospermia, 87 seminal fluid samples, including 33 samples with a normal seminal leukocyte count and 54 samples with leukocytospermia, were obtained for a cross-sectional analysis. Twenty samples with a normal seminal leukocyte count had normal sperm parameters (Control group), and 13 samples with a normal seminal leukocyte count were from asthenozoospermia patients (Ast group). However, 32 samples with leukocytospermia were from asthenozoospermia patients (LA group), and only 22 samples with leukocytospermia had normal sperm parameters (Leu group). The 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene sequencing method was used to sequence the microbiota in the seminal fluid, and multiple bioinformatics methods were utilized to analyze the data. Finally, the results showed that the worse sperm parameters were observed in the leukocytospermia-related groups. Semen microbiota analysis found that there was increased alpha diversity in the leukocytospermia-related groups. Firmicutes, Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, and Bacteroidetes were the primary phyla in the seminal fluid. Two microbiota profiles, namely, Lactobacillus-enriched and Streptococcus-enriched groups, were identified in this study. The majority of the samples in the groups with a normal seminal leukocyte count could be categorized as Lactobacillus-enriched, whereas the majority of the leukocytospermia samples could be categorized as Streptococcus-enriched. Our study indicated that males with leukocytospermia have worse sperm parameters and a different semen microbiota composition compared to males with a normal seminal leukocyte count.

13.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 9: 783821, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34926428

RESUMO

A too slow degradation of iron (Fe) limits its orthopedic application. In this study, calcium chloride (CaCl2) was incorporated into a Fe-based biocomposite fabricated by laser additive manufacturing, with an aim to accelerate the degradation. It was found that CaCl2 with strong water absorptivity improved the hydrophilicity of the Fe matrix and thereby promoted the invasion of corrosive solution. On the other hand, CaCl2 could rapidly dissolve once contacting the solution and release massive chloride ion. Interestingly, the local high concentration of chloride ion effectively destroyed the corrosion product layer due to its strong erosion ability. As a result, the corrosion product layer covered on the Fe/CaCl2 matrix exhibited an extremely porous structure, thus exhibiting a significantly reduced corrosion resistance. Besides, in vivo cell testing proved that the Fe/CaCl2 biocomposite also showed favorable cytocompatibility.

14.
ACS Omega ; 6(49): 33652-33664, 2021 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34926913

RESUMO

American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius L.) is popularly consumed as traditional herbal medicine and health food for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Malonyl ginsenosides (MGR) are the main natural ginsenosides in American ginseng. However, whether the malonyl ginsenosides in P. quinquefolius (PQ-MGR) possess antidiabetic effects has not been explored yet. In this study, the antidiabetic effects and the underlying mechanism of PQ-MGR in high-fat diet/streptozotocin (HFD/STZ)-induced T2DM mice were investigated. The chemical composition was analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-MS/MS). Our results showed that 14 malonyl ginsenosides were identified in the PQ-MGR. Among them, the content of m-Rb1 represented about 77.4% of the total malonyl ginsenosides. After a 5-week experiment, the PQ-MGR significantly reduced the fasting blood glucose (FBG), triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), nonesterified fatty acid (NEFA), alanine transaminase (ALT), and aspartate transaminase (AST) levels and improved glucose tolerance and insulin resistance. Furthermore, Western blot analysis demonstrated that the protein expressions of p-PI3K, p-AKT, p-AMPK, p-ACC, PPARγ, and GLUT4 in the liver and skeletal muscle were significantly upregulated after PQ-MGR treatment. In contrast, the protein expressions of p-IRS1 and p-JNK were significantly downregulated. Our results revealed that PQ-MGR could ameliorate glucose and lipid metabolism and insulin resistance in T2DM via regulation of the insulin receptor substrate-1/phosphoinositide3-kinase/protein-kinase B (IRS1/PI3K/Akt) and AMP-activated protein kinase/acetyl-CoA carboxylase (AMPK/ACC) pathways. These findings suggest that PQ-MGR may be used as an antidiabetic candidate drug for T2DM treatment.

15.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 12(11)2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34832780

RESUMO

Solid solutions of Zn as an alloy element in Mg matrixes are expected to show improved corrosion resistance due to the electrode potential being positively shifted. In this study, a supersaturated solid solution of Mg-Zn alloy was achieved using mechanical alloying (MA) combined with laser sintering. In detail, supersaturated solid solution Mg-Zn powders were firstly prepared using MA, as it was able to break through the limit of phase diagram under the action of forced mechanical impact. Then, the alloyed Mg-Zn powders were shaped into parts using laser sintering, during which the limited liquid phase and short cooling time maintained the supersaturated solid solution. The Mg-Zn alloy derived from the as-milled powders for 30 h presented enhanced corrosion potential and consequently a reduced corrosion rate of 0.54 mm/year. Cell toxicity tests confirmed that the Mg-Zn solid solution possessed good cytocompatibility for potential clinical applications. This study offers a new strategy for fabricating Mg-Zn solid solutions using laser sintering with MA.

16.
J Hazard Mater ; : 127850, 2021 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34836684

RESUMO

The porous organic polymers have been considered as effective materials for gas storage and adsorption. Herein, we synthesized highly crystalline nitrogen-rich covalent triazine frameworks (CTFs) by polycondensation for preparing the novel hyper-cross-linked conjugated polymers (HCCPs) with tunable specific surface area and pore volume through coupling Friedel-Crafts reaction, in which 1,4-Bis(chloromethyl)benzene and 4,4-Bis(chloromethyl)biphenyl as the expansion molecules were pillared between the layers of CTF-HUST. This technology not only increased the specific surface area and total pore volume of CTF-HUST by 2.56 and 4.68 times, but also greatly enhanced the utilization of adsorption sites of CTF-HUST. The HCCP2-1.25 exhibited the highest surface area (1349.29 m2g-1) among these HCCPs and demonstrated excellent adsorption performance for ethyl acetate (1605.14 mg/g), ethanol (1371.49 mg/g), 1,2-Dichloroethane (1971.68 mg/g), benzene (1151.77 mg/g) and toluene (1024.28 mg/g) due to the multiple C-H…O, C-H…Cl, O-H…N and C-H…π interactions between volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and HCCPs framework. Moreover, CO2 and H2 storage capacities of the HCCP2-1.25 were 8.02 wt% and 1.54 wt%, 1.66 and 1.67 times higher than CTF-HUST, respectively. This study developed a simple and effective molecular expansion strategy to synthesize a series of novel high-surface-area porous polymers for potential applications in the environmental field.

17.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(46): 55307-55318, 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34762410

RESUMO

Currently, the exploration of wearable strain sensors that can work under subzero temperatures while simultaneously possessing anti-interference capability toward temperature is still a grand challenge. Herein, we present a low-temperature wearable strain sensor that is constructed via the incorporation of a Ag nanowires/graphene (Ag NWs/G) composite into the polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) polymer. The Ag NWs/G/PDMS strain sensor exhibits promising flexibility at a very low temperature (-40 °C), outstanding fatigue resistance with low hysteresis energy, and near-zero temperature coefficient of resistance (TCR). The Ag NWs/G/PDMS strain sensor shows excellent sensing performance under subzero temperatures with a very high gauge factor of 9156 under a strain of >36%, accompanied by a noninterference characteristic to temperature (-40 to 20 °C). The Ag NWs/G/PDMS strain sensor also demonstrates the feasibility of monitoring various human movements such as finger bending, arm waving, wrist rotation, and knee bending under both room temperature and low-temperature conditions. This work initiates a new promising strategy to construct next-generation wearable strain sensors that can work stably and effectively under very low temperatures.

18.
Appl Opt ; 60(31): 9837-9843, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34807171

RESUMO

In the field of cultural relic protection, the migration of moisture will cause a series of adverse effects, such as disruption and crater eruption. Assessment of water migration status is the key to early warning and prevention of these problems. In an attempt for a solution, the whole process of moisture migration in rammed earth is studied by using the moisture migration initiation criterion based on entropy. We analyzed and compared the entropy change law of the infrared radiation temperature in the two main migration stages, and we made a judgment on whether the moisture state is in the steady equilibrium or in the process of dynamic migration. The results show that the moisture migration status can be identified quickly and in real time by using the moisture migration initiation criterion based on entropy. The results of this study provide a new method for judging the state of moisture migration in geotechnical engineering, especially in the field of cultural relic protection, which has very important practical significance.

19.
Adv Mater ; : e2106797, 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34761453

RESUMO

Conventional photosensitizers (PSs) often show poor tumor retention and are rapidly cleared from the bloodstream, which is one of the key hindrances to guarantee precise and efficient photodynamic therapy (PDT) in vivo. In this work, we present a photosensitizer assembly nanosystem that sharply enhances tumor retention up to ∼10 days. The PSs are synthesized by meso-substituting anthracene onto the BODIPY scaffold (AN-BDP), which then self-assemble into stable nanoparticles (AN-BDP NPs) with amphiphilic block copolymers due to the strong intermolecular π-π interaction of anthracene. Additionally, the incorporated anthracene excites the PSs, producing singlet oxygen under red light irradiation. Although AN-BDP NPs could completely suppress regular test size tumor (∼100 mm3 ) by one-time radiation, only 12% tumour growth inhibition rate was observed in the case of large size tumor (∼350 mm3 ) under the same conditions. Due to the long time tumor retention, AN-BDP NPs allows single-dose injection and three-time light treatments, resulting in an over 90% inhibition rate, much more efficient than single-time radiation of conventional clinically used PSs including chlorin (Ce6) and porphyrin with poor tumor retention. The results reveal the importance of long tumor retention time of PSs for efficient PDT, which can accelerate the clinical development of nanophotosensitizers. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34655384

RESUMO

Baiyangdian Lake (BYD), a large shallow lake in North China, has complex water landscape patterns that are underlies spatial variations in water quality. In this study, we collected 61 water samples from three water landscapes (reed littoral zones, fish ponds, and open water) and analyzed them for water quality parameters, such as dissolved organic carbon (DOC), total nitrogen (TN), and total phosphorus (TP). Water landscape distribution (determined using remote sensing imagery) was then used to assess correlations between water quality parameters and water landscape proportion in differently scaled buffer zones. There was substantial variation across all subareas, with TN and TP concentrations ranging from 0.90 to 4.10 mg/L and 0.06 to 0.18 mg/L, respectively, in class IV of water quality as a whole. Spatial variations in water quality were mainly caused by water landscape distribution and external nutrient inputs. There were negative correlations between DOC, TN, and TP concentrations and the area proportion of reed littoral zones in the 300 and 500 m buffers. In contrast, DOC, TN, and TP concentrations were significantly positively correlated with the area proportion of fish ponds in the 100 m buffer. Furthermore, compared with reed littoral zones, a lower ratio of nitrogen to phosphorus and a higher proportion of dissolved organic nitrogen and tyrosine-like proteins were found in fish ponds. These effects were mainly attributed to the development of internal sediment loadings due to nutrient exchange across the sediment-water interface. Therefore, dredging-based sediment removal from fish ponds should be considered to suppress internal phosphorus loading and accelerate recovery of the BYD ecosystem.

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