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1.
Am J Cancer Res ; 12(10): 4520-4544, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36381315

RESUMO

CDH13 is an atypical member of the cadherin family and is closely related to the clinicopathological factors and prognosis of many types of cancer. However, the role of CDH13 in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) remains unknown. Therefore, we comprehensively analyzed the expression level, diagnostic efficacy, clinical significance, prognostic value, immune infiltration, methylation status, genetic alteration, and biological functions of CDH13 in ccRCC patients. The results showed that CDH13 was significantly upregulated in ccRCC and strongly correlated with better survival, lower cancer stages, and lower tumor grades of ccRCC patients. Additionally, the immune infiltration analysis indicated that CDH13 might play a crucial role in regulating the tumor microenvironment of ccRCC. The results of methylation analysis showed that the epigenetic status of CDH13 was altered, and the prognosis of ccRCC patients was related not only to DNA methylation but also to m6A modification of CDH13. Finally, the results based on clinical samples further elucidated the expression pattern of CDH13 in ccRCC. In conclusion, CDH13 might be a novel prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target for patients with ccRCC. And our study provides new insights into the potential molecular changes and strategies for the treatment of ccRCC.

2.
Transl Androl Urol ; 11(7): 974-981, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35958894

RESUMO

Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the predictive accuracy of erythrocyte count and maximum tumor diameter to maximum kidney diameter ratio (TKR) in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinicopathological epidemiological characteristics of patients with RCC in the First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from 2010 to 2014. Among them, 295 cases with complete follow-up data at the time of visit were selected. We collected data including erythrocyte counts and length of each diameter line of the tumor and kidney. To predict the prognosis of RCC, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to calculate the cutoff value of each parameter. Results: Of the 295 included patients, 199 (67.5%) were male, 96 (32.5%) were female, and the mean (± SD) age was 56.45±11.03 years. The area under the curve (AUC) of the erythrocyte count and the TKR for predicting the prognosis of RCC were 0.672 (SD 0.031; P<0.001) and 0.800 (SD 0.030; P<0.001), respectively. When the cutoff value of the erythrocyte count and TKR count were 3.975 and 0.452, the highest Youden index values were 0.309 and 0.685, and the corresponding sensitivity and specificity were 0.826 and 0.685, and 0.483 and 1.000, respectively. Conclusions: An erythrocyte count <3.975×1012/L and a TKR >0.452 were found to be risk factors for poor prognosis in patients with RCC.

3.
Front Genet ; 13: 877656, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35774505

RESUMO

Background: Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is a malignant tumor of the human urinary system. Macrophage differentiation is associated with tumorigenesis. Therefore, exploring the prognostic value of macrophage differentiation-associated genes (MDGs) may contribute to better clinical management of ccRCC patients. Methods: The RNA sequence data of ccRCC were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Differentially expressed MDGs were unveiled in ccRCC and normal samples. The prognostic model was established according to the univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses. By combining clinico-pathological features and prognostic genes, a nomogram was established to predict individual survival probability. The Tumor Immune Estimation Resource (TIMER) database was utilized to analyze the correlation between prognostic genes and immune infiltrating cells. Eventually, the mRNA and protein expression levels of prognostic genes were verified. Results: A total of 52 differentially expressed prognosis-related MDGs were identified in ccRCC. Afterward, a six-gene prognostic model (ABCG1, KDF1, KITLG, TGFA, HAVCR2, and CD14) was constructed through the Cox analysis. The overall survival in the high-risk group was relatively poor. Moreover, the risk score was identified as an independent prognostic factor. We constructed a prognostic nomogram with a well-fitted calibration curve based on risk score and clinical data. Furthermore, the prognostic genes were significantly related to the level of immune cell infiltration including B cells, CD8+T cells, CD4+T cells, macrophages, neutrophils, and dendritic cells. Finally, the mRNA expression of prognostic genes in clinical ccRCC tissues showed that the ABCG1, HAVCR2, CD14, and TGFA mRNA in tumor samples were increased compared with the adjacent control tissue samples, while KDF1 and KITLG were decreased, which was consistent with the verification results in the GSE53757. Conclusion: In conclusion, this study identified and validated a macrophage differentiation-associated prognostic model for ccRCC that could be used to predict the outcomes of the ccRCC patients.

4.
Comput Struct Biotechnol J ; 20: 2672-2679, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35685355

RESUMO

There is a growing need to build a model that uses single cell RNA-seq (scRNA-seq) to separate malignant cells from nonmalignant cells and to identify tumor of origin of single cells and/or circulating tumor cells (CTCs). Currently, it is infeasible to build a tumor of origin model learnt from scRNA-seq by machine learning (ML). We then wondered if an ML model learnt from bulk transcriptomes is applicable to scRNA-seq to infer single cells' tumor presence and further indicate their tumor of origin. We used k-nearest neighbors, one-versus-all support vector machine, one-versus-one support vector machine, random forest and introduced scTumorTrace to conduct a pioneering experiment containing leukocytes and seven major cancer types where bulk RNA-seq and scRNA-seq data were available. 13 ML models learnt from bulk RNA-seq were all reliable to use (F-score > 96%) shown by a validation set of bulk transcriptomes, but none of them was applicable to scRNA-seq except scTumorTrace. Making inferences from bulk RNA-seq to scRNA-seq was impaired by feature selection and improved by log2-transformed TPM units. scTumorTrace with transcriptome-wide 2-tuples showed F-score beyond 98.74 and 94.29% in inferring tumor presence and tumor of origin at single-cell resolution and correctly identified 45 single candidate prostate CTCs but lineage-confirmed non-CTCs as leukocytes. We concluded that modern ML techniques are quantitative and could hardly address the raised questions. scTumorTrace with transcriptome-wide 2-tuples is qualitative, standardization-free and not subject to log2-transformed quantities, enabling us to infer tumor presence of single cell transcriptomes and their tumor of origin from bulk transcriptomes.

5.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 290: 985-986, 2022 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35673168

RESUMO

We collected the COVID-19 vaccine online resources and captured the timestamps of their updates. We computed an average lifetime of 68 days for update and derived the speed of their freshness depreciation. The preliminary results have demonstrated the feasibility to incorporate freshness measures into network anaysis to identify both the importance and freshness of online resources.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19 , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Humanos
6.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 290: 1096-1097, 2022 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35673223

RESUMO

We developed an online decision aid, My Contraceptive Choice (MCC), for college women to select the appropriate birth control methods. MCC consists of a short quiz, customized recommendations, and educational resources. Evaluations from a focus group, an online survey, and test cases showed that the tool is accurate, usable, and useful. Future work is required to further improve MCC's compliance with user needs/preferences and to include additional resources to make it more useful.


Assuntos
Anticoncepção , Anticoncepcionais , Anticoncepção/métodos , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades
7.
J Biomed Inform ; 131: 104112, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35680073

RESUMO

Extended endocrine therapy beyond 5 years is of major concern to ER + breast cancer survivors. However, it might be unsuitable to apply routinely used genomic tests designed for early recurrence risks to distant recurrence within 10 years in extended treatment context. These tests initially aim at high sensitivities with Type I errors much higher than Type II. Having lower positive predictive values (PPVs), these tests can bring many false positives who might not need further treatment options to avoid adversely affecting quality of life. Alternatively, we proposed a top-down approach to the raised issues. We built 149 targeted genes from four genomic tests upon 381 ER-positive node-negative patients with either metastasis free beyond 10 years (n = 202) or metastasis within 10 years (n = 179). By a basket of SVM-wrapped length-constraint feature selection (LCFS), we discovered four genomic SVMs that traded off Type I against Type II errors. Two independent cohorts were used to validate disease outcome predictions. A 36-gene SVM balanced sensitivities with PPVs at good levels: 74% vs 76% on 10-fold cross validation (n = 347) and 75% vs 71% on a test set (n = 34). Neither Oncotype DX RS (cutoff = 18, 31, 60.97) nor PAM50 ROR-S (cutoff = 29, 53, 61.18) could. Independent cohorts showed the 36-gene SVM predicted disease free survival (n = 136, HR = 2.59; 95% CI, 1.4-4.8) and disease specific survival (n = 127, HR = 4.06; 95% CI, 1.63-10.11) better than RS (DFS, HR = 2.15; DSS, HR = 3.86) and ROR-S (DFS, HR = 2.29; DSS, HR = 2.76). The case study demonstrated how we identified a genomic test to balance Type I against Type II errors for risk stratification. The top-down approach centered around the LCFS-metaheuristics basket is a generic methodology for clinical decision-making and quality of life using targeted profiling data where the number of dimensions (p) is smaller than the number of samples (n).


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Qualidade de Vida
8.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 1529132, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35571705

RESUMO

Background: Renal carcinoma is one of the most common malignant tumors in the urinary system. Autophagy can be both activated and inhibited in renal carcinoma, and it plays a double-edged role in the development of renal carcinoma. In the early stage of cancer, autophagy can suppress tumors. In the late stage, autophagy contributes to the survival of tumor cells in an unfavorable environment, and some autophagy-related proteins P62, LC3B, and beclin-1 have become indicators of the prognosis of patients with renal carcinoma. Aim: To demonstrate that ursolic acid activates autophagy in renal carcinoma 786-O cells by inhibiting the hedgehog signaling pathway. Methods: The effect of ursolic acid on the viability of 786-O cells was determined by the MTT method; the effect of ursolic acid on the proliferation and migration of 786-O cells was examined by crystalline violet staining and scratch assay, respectively. For the study of autophagy, we firstly screened the time points. Western blot assay was used to detect the expression level of autophagic protein P62 at different time points of ursolic acid on 786-O. Then, the Cell MeterTM Autophagy Assay Kit was used to detect the effect of different doses of ursolic acid on the autophagic fluorescence intensity of 786-O cells; the Western blot method was used to detect the effect of different doses of ursolic acid on the expression levels of LC3II and P62 proteins in 786-O cells. Further, AdPlus-mCherry-GFP-LC3B adenovirus transfection was used to detect the effect of ursolic acid on the autophagic flow of 786-O cells; ursolic acid was combined with the autophagy inhibitor chloroquine (CQ) to detect the expression level of autophagy protein LC3II by Western blot. In terms of mechanism, the effect of ursolic acid on hedgehog signaling pathway-related proteins in 786-O cells was detected by Western blot. Results: Ursolic acid inhibited the activity, proliferation, and migration of 786-O cells, enhanced the fluorescence intensity of autophagosomes in 786-O cells, increased the expression level of autophagy marker protein LC3II, and inhibited the expression level of P62 in a time and dose-dependent manner; ursolic acid activated the autophagic flow in 786-O cells, which showed that ursolic acid caused the accumulation of autophagic fluorescent spots and enhanced the fluorescence intensity of autophagosomes. Ursolic acid activated the autophagic flow in 786-O cells, as evidenced by the accumulation of autophagic fluorescent spots and enhanced fluorescence intensity of autophagosomes, and the combined use of the autophagy inhibitor CQ increased the expression level of LC3II compared to ursolic acid alone; ursolic acid decreased the expression levels of PTCH1, GLI1, SMO, SHH, and c-Myc and increased the expression level of Sufu in the hedgehog signaling pathway. Conclusion: Ursolic acid activates autophagy in renal carcinoma 786-O cells, probably by inhibiting hedgehog signaling pathway activity.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Apoptose , Autofagia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Cloroquina/farmacologia , Proteínas Hedgehog/farmacologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Triterpenos
9.
Am J Cancer Res ; 12(4): 1660-1670, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35530298

RESUMO

Prostate cancer (PCa) incidence and mortality rate vary among racial and ethnic groups with the highest occurrence in African American (AA) men who have mortality rates twice that of Caucasians (CA). In this study, we focused on differential expression of proteins in AA prostate cancer compared to CA using Protein Pathway Array Analysis (PPAA), in order to identify protein biomarkers associated with PCa racial disparity. Fresh frozen prostate samples (n=90) obtained from radical prostatectomy specimens with PCa, including 25 AA tumor, 21 AA benign, 23 CA tumor, 21 CA benign samples were analyzed. A total of 286 proteins and phosphoproteins were assessed using PPAA. By PPAA analysis, 33 proteins were found to be significantly differentially expressed in tumor tissue (n=48, including both CA and AA) in comparison to benign tissue (n=42). We further compared protein expression levels between AA and CA tumor groups and found that 3 proteins were differentially expressed (P<0.05 and q<5%). Aurora was found to be significantly increased in AA tumors, while Cyclin D1 and HNF-3a proteins were downregulated in AA tumors. Predicted risk score was significantly different between AA and CA ethnic groups using logistic regression analysis. In conclusion, we identified Aurora, Cyclin D1 and HNF-3a proteins as being differentially expressed between AA and CA in PCa tissue. Our study suggests that these proteins might be involved in different pathways that lead to aggressive PCa behavior in AA patients, potentially serving as biomarkers for the PCa racial disparity.

10.
Pathol Res Pract ; 234: 153933, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35525175

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most common malignant tumor found among men in the United States. Incidence rates of PCa have recently grown in Asian countries, partially due to the comprehensive implementation of early detection systems. Interestingly, a prospective cohort study showed that adopting a westernized dietary pattern was associated with a higher risk of being diagnosed with PCa among Korean and Japanese men. However, a comparison of current clinicopathological features of PCa between American and Chinese men is lacking. In this study, we report the current clinicopathological features of PCa in Chinese men and compare them to those of patients in the USA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Case cohorts included, in total, 871 PCa cases with prostatectomy sequentially treated since 2017, including 299 cases from USA and 572 cases from two different academic hospitals in China. The parameters, including patient's age, preoperative Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) level, Gleason score, Grade Group, stage and tumor focality, were collected, analyzed and compared using two sample t-test, Wilcoxon rank sum test, Pearson's Chi-squared test and Fisher's exact test. RESULTS: Significant differences were demonstrated in the mean age of patients, preoperative PSA levels, extra-prostatic extension, Gleason scores, and Grade Groups (p < 0.05). PCa patients in the Chinese group were older than patients in the USA group (67.81 vs. 63.53, p < 0.01). The preoperative PSA levels in the Chinese group were higher than those in the USA group (11.69 v.s 6.30, p < 0.01). A higher percentage of high Grade Groups (Groups 4 and 5) was observed in the Chinese group (25.7%) compared to the USA cohort (17.11%), while Grade Group 2 was more common in the USA group than in the Chinese group (51.68% vs. 32.52%, p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: All these data suggest that the clinicopathologic features of PCa are different between the USA and Chinese populations, which may be influenced by treatment strategies (including surgical case selection criteria).


Assuntos
Antígeno Prostático Específico , Neoplasias da Próstata , Humanos , Masculino , Gradação de Tumores , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
11.
Am J Cancer Res ; 12(2): 695-712, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35261796

RESUMO

Tumor microenvironment (TME) broadly participates in genesis development of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). To recognize the immune and stromal modulation in TME, we screened the differentially expressed TME-related genes generated by the ESTIMATE algorithm in ccRCC specimens. Following the construction of protein-protein interaction (PPI) network and univariate COX regression, mucin 20 (MUC20) was judged to be a predictive factor. Further analysis, including immunohistochemistry (IHC) showed that MUC20 was positively correlated with survival and negatively correlated with the clinicopathologic characteristics (grade, clinical and TNM stages) in ccRCC patients. Gene Set Enrichment Analysis suggested that the low-expression MUC20 group was primarily enriched in immune-related activities, inflammation and epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Based on the CIBERSORT analysis for tumor-infiltrating immune cells (TICs), MUC20 was positively correlated with CD8+ T cells and resting mast cells and negatively correlated with activated CD4+ memory T cells, Treg cells, and plasma cells, implying that MUC20 may contribute to immune component in TME. Additionally, the patients with low MUC20 expression had better response to immune checkpoint blockades (ICBs) and 17 potential anticancer drugs were screened regarding calculating IC50 value. Thus, MUC20 may contain a value of prognosis assessment for ccRCC patients and indicate the immune modulation status of TME, which provided a novel insight for comprehensive immunotherapy.

12.
J Hazard Mater ; 429: 128369, 2022 05 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35236039

RESUMO

To properly manage nuclear wastes is critical to sustainable utilization of nuclear power and environment health. Here, we show an innovative carbiding strategy for sustainable management of radioactive graphite through digestion of carbon in H2O2. The combined action of intermolecular oxidation of graphite by MoO3 and molybdenum carbiding demonstrates success in gasifying graphite and sequestrating uranium for a simulated uranium-contaminated graphite waste. The carbiding process plays a triple role: (1) converting graphite into atomic carbon digestible in H2O2, (2) generating oxalic ligands in the presence of H2O2 to favor U-precipitation, and (3) delivering oxalic ligands to coordinate to MoVI-oxo anionic species to improve sample batching capacity. We demonstrate > 99% of uranium to be sequestrated for the simulated waste with graphite matrix completely gasifying while no detectable U-migration occurred during operation. This method has further been extended to removal of surface carbon layers for graphite monolith and thus can be used to decontaminate monolithic graphite waste with emission of a minimal amount of secondary waste. We believe this work not only provides a sustainable approach to tackle the managing issue of heavily metal contaminated graphite waste, but also indicates a promising methodology toward surface decontamination for irradiated graphite in general.


Assuntos
Grafite , Resíduos Radioativos , Radioatividade , Urânio , Carbono , Digestão , Resíduos Perigosos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Molibdênio , Resíduos Radioativos/análise , Resíduos Radioativos/prevenção & controle
13.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 840695, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35250586

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Hengli® Chinese botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A; 100 U) in Chinese patients with overactive bladder. Methods: This study was a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in Chinese patients who were inadequately managed with anticholinergic medications. Eligible patients were randomized 2:1 to receive intradetrusor injections of Hengli® BTX-A (n = 144) or placebo (n = 72). The primary endpoint was the change in the number of daily micturition episodes at week 6 from baseline. The secondary efficacy endpoints included the average frequency of urgency and urinary incontinence (UI) episodes per day, urgency score, average micturition volume per day, OABSS, and QoL score. Results: In the Hengli® BTX-A group, there was a significantly greater reduction in the average number of micturition episodes per 24 h compared with the placebo group (3.28 vs. 1.43; p = 0.003). Moreover, there was a significantly greater improvement in the daily number of urgency episodes, micturition volume and OABSS score. An increased post-void residual urine volume, dysuria, and urinary tract infection represented adverse events (AEs) in the Hengli® BTX-A group. Most AEs were mild or moderate in severity. One patient in the BTX-A group initiated clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) during treatment. Conclusion: Hengli® BTX-A treatment was well-tolerated and resulted in significant improvements in OAB symptoms among Chinese patients inadequately managed by anticholinergics. Clinical Trial Registration: http://www.chinadrugtrials.org.cn/clinicaltrials.prosearch.dhtml, Identifier: CTR20131190.

14.
BMC Cancer ; 22(1): 177, 2022 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35172779

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) combined with docetaxel chemotherapy is the standard treatment for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients. However, mCRPC patients are mainly frail elderly men, constantly accompanied by comorbidities and showing poor tolerance to standard docetaxel chemotherapy. Some exploratory studies administering modified chemotherapy regimens have reported noninferior oncologic outcomes with fewer adverse events, yet most are retrospective or small studies, and prospective randomized controlled trials have rarely been conducted. Therefore, we designed this modified docetaxel chemotherapy regimen in patients with mCRPC, aiming to evaluate its efficacy and safety compared with the standard docetaxel chemotherapy regimen. METHODS: This is an open-label, multi-institutional, prospective, randomized non-inferiority trial. A total of 128 patients with mCRPC will be randomized to receive ADT combined with modified docetaxel chemotherapy (experimental group, n=64) or ADT combined with standard docetaxel chemotherapy (control group, n=64). Patients in the experimental group will receive a modified regimen with docetaxel 40 mg/m2 on the 1st day and 35 mg/m2 on the 8th day, repeated every 21 days. The primary endpoint is progression-free survival at 2 years. Secondary endpoints include overall survival, prostate-specific antigen response rate, pain response rate, toxicity and quality of life. DISCUSSION: The expected benefit for the patient in the experimental arm is noninferior efficacy with decreased toxicity and improved quality of life compared with that in the control arm. To the best of our knowledge, this will be the first multicentre prospective randomized study to assess the efficacy and safety of modified docetaxel chemotherapy in patients with mCRPC in China. The results of this trial may provide benefit to mCRPC patients, especially those with poor performance. TRIAL REGISTRATION: chictr.org.cn Identifier: ChiCTR2100046636 (May 24, 2021). Ongoing study.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Androgênios/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Docetaxel/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Prospectivos , Antígeno Prostático Específico/sangue , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/sangue , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
15.
J Oncol ; 2021: 2408637, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34804158

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An increasing number of studies have indicated a close link between DNA methylation and tumor metabolism. However, the overall influence of DNA methylation on tumor metabolic characteristics in prostate cancer (PCa) remains unclear. METHODS: We first explored the subtypes of DNA methylation modification regulators and tumor metabolic features of 1,205 PCa samples using clustering analysis and gene set variation analysis based on the mRNA levels of DNA methylation modification regulators. A DNA methylation-related score (DMS) was calculated using principal component analysis and the DNA methylation modification-related gene signatures to quantify DNA methylation characteristics. We then performed a meta-analysis to identify the hazard ratio of DMS in the six cohorts. In addition, a nomogram was drawn using univariate and multivariate Cox analyses based on the DMS and clinical variables. Finally, a drug sensitivity analysis of the DMS was performed based on the genomics of drug sensitivity in cancer datasets. RESULTS: Three PCa clusters showing different DNA methylation modification patterns and tumor metabolic features were identified. A DMS system was established to quantify the characteristics of DNA methylation modification. PCa samples showed a differential metabolic landscape between the high and low DMS groups. The prognostic value of the DMS and nomogram was independently validated in multiple cohorts. A high DMS was associated with increases in the tumor mutation burden, copy number variation, and microsatellite instability; high tumor heterogeneity; and poor prognosis. Finally, DMS was closely related to different types of antitumor treatment. CONCLUSION: Improving the understanding of tumor metabolism by characterizing DNA methylation modification patterns and using the DMS may help clinicians predict prognosis and aid in more personalized antitumor therapy strategies for PCa.

16.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 22486, 2021 11 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34795309

RESUMO

Tumor metabolism patterns have been reported to be associated with the prognosis of many cancers. However, the metabolic mechanisms underlying prostate cancer (PCa) remain unknown. This study aimed to explore the metabolic characteristics of PCa. First, we downloaded mRNA expression data and clinical information of PCa samples from multiple databases and quantified the metabolic pathway activity level using single-sample gene set enrichment analysis (ssGSEA). Through unsupervised clustering and principal component analyses, we explored metabolic characteristics and constructed a metabolic score for PCa. Then, we independently validated the prognostic value of our metabolic score and the nomogram based on the metabolic score in multiple databases. Next, we found the metabolic score to be closely related to the tumor microenvironment and DNA mutation using multi-omics data and ssGSEA. Finally, we found different features of drug sensitivity in PCa patients in the high/low metabolic score groups. In total, 1232 samples were analyzed in the present study. Overall, an improved understanding of tumor metabolism through the characterization of metabolic clusters and metabolic score may help clinicians predict prognosis and aid the development of more personalized anti-tumor therapeutic strategies for PCa.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Análise por Conglomerados , Biologia Computacional , Simulação por Computador , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Análise de Componente Principal , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral
17.
Biochem Biophys Rep ; 28: 101151, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34703906

RESUMO

Kruppel-like factors (KLFs) play an important role in many biological processes including cell proliferation, differentiation and development. Our study showed that the level of KLF9 is lower in PCa cell lines compared to a benign prostate cell line; the androgen-independent cell line PC3 expresses significantly lower KLF9 than the androgen-dependent cell line, LNCaP. Forced overexpression of KLF9 suppressed cell growth, colony formation, and induced cell apoptosis in LNCaP cells. We also found that KLF9 expression was induced in response to apoptosis caused by flutamide, and further addition of dihydrotestosterone antagonized the action of flutamide and significantly decreased KLF9 expression. Furthermore, activation of the androgen receptor (AR) was inhibited by the overexpression of KLF9. Our research shows that KLF9 is lower in androgen-independent cell lines than in androgen-dependent cell lines; Overexpression of KLF9 dramatically suppresses the proliferation, anchorage-independent growth, and induces apoptosis in androgen-dependent cells; KLF9 inhibition on prostate cancer cell growth may be acting through the AR pathway. Our results therefore suggest that KLF9 may play a significant role in the transition from androgen-dependent to androgen-independent prostate cancer and is a potential target of prevention and therapy.

18.
Onco Targets Ther ; 14: 1659-1671, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33688211

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bone metastasis after failure of castration therapy is the main reason of death in patients with prostate cancer (PCa). Therefore, full awareness of the metastasis mechanism of PCa and discovery of new therapeutic targets are necessary. Studies showed that lncRNA was involved in the development of cancer. However, its potential role and molecular mechanism in PCa metastasis are still unclear. YKL-40 is an 18 glycosyl hydrolase family protein encoded by CHI3L1, which is involved in the invasion and metastasis of various tumors. A previous study of the authors found that YKL-40 was related to the invasion and metastasis of PCa cells. However, the cause of its abnormal expression in PCa remains unclear. The present study explored the role of lncRNA KCNQ1OT1/miR-211-5p/CHI3L1 regulatory axis in the proliferation, invasion, and metastasis of PCa. METHODS: RT-PCR and Western blot were used to measure the expression profiles of KCNQ1OT1 and YKL. CCK-8 and Transwell assays were used to examine their effects on cell proliferation and migration. Double luciferase reporter assay was used to verify the interactions between miR-211-5p and CHI3L1 3'-UTR. RESULTS: KCNQ1OT1 expression was upregulated in PCa tissues and cells. Downregulating this expression inhibited PCa cell invasion, proliferation, and metastasis. KCNQ1OT1 bound miR-211-5p competitively, and miR-211-5p targeted CHI3L1 3'-UTR. miR-211-5p expression was downregulated, whereas CHI3L1 (YKL-40) expression was upregulated. miR-211-5p levels were negatively correlated with KCNQ1OT1 expression and CHI3L1 mRNA. The decrease in YKL-40 expression in PCa cells induced by the downregulation of KCNQ1OT1 expression could be offset by miR-211-5p inhibitor transfection. CONCLUSION: This study showed that lncRNA KCNQ1OT1, as a ceRNA, upregulated CHI3L1 and promoted PCa progression through competitive binding to miR-211-5p.

19.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 663, 2021 01 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33436678

RESUMO

Assessment of the pressure and velocity of urine flow for different diameter ratios of prostatic urethra (RPU) after transurethral surgery using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). A standardized and idealized two-dimensional CFD model after transurethral surgery (CATS-1st) was developed for post-surgery mid-voiding. Using CATS-1st, 210 examples were amplified according to an array of size [3][5][14], which contained three groups of longitudinal diameters of prostatic urethra (LD-PU). Each of these groups contained five subgroups of transverse diameters of the bladder neck (TD-BN), each with 14 examples of transverse diameters of PU (TD-PU). The pressure and velocity of urine flow were monitored through flow dynamics simulation, and the relationship among RPU-1 (TD-PU/TD-BN), RPU-2 (RPU-1/LD-PU), the transverse diameter of the vortex, and the midpoint velocity of the external urethral orifice (MV-EUO) was determined. A total of 210 CATS examples, including CATS-1st examples, were analyzed. High (bladder and PU) and medium/low (the rest of the urethra) pressure zones, and low (bladder), medium (PU), and high (the rest of the urethra) velocity zones were determined. The rapid changes in the velocity were concentrated in and around the PU. Laminar flow was present in all the examples. The vortices appeared and then gradually shrank with reducing RPU on both the sides of PU in 182 examples. In the vortex examples, minimum RPU-1 and RPU-2 reached close to the values of 0.79 and 0.02, respectively. MV-EUO increased gradually with decreasing RPU. In comparison to the vortex examples, the non-vortex examples exhibited a significantly higher (p < 0.01) MV-EUO. The developed CFD models (CATS) presented an effective simulation of urine flow behavior within the PU after transurethral surgery for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). These models could prove to be useful for morphological repair in PU after transurethral surgery.


Assuntos
Simulação por Computador , Hidrodinâmica , Próstata/fisiopatologia , Hiperplasia Prostática/fisiopatologia , Uretra/fisiopatologia , Micção/fisiologia , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Próstata/cirurgia , Hiperplasia Prostática/cirurgia , Uretra/cirurgia
20.
Int J Urol ; 28(3): 315-325, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33336418

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic value of prostate cancer antigen 3 and the Prostate Health Index for the detection of overall and clinically significant prostate cancer at initial biopsy. METHODS: A search was conducted in the online databases PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane database, and relevant articles published up to 23 February 2020 were extracted. RESULTS: Twenty studies including 10 376 patients were included in the meta-analysis. The pooled sensitivity and specificity were 0.55 (95% confidence interval 0.53-0.57) and 0.74 (95% confidence interval 0.72-0.75) for prostate cancer antigen 3 and 0.88 (95% confidence interval 0.86-0.90) and 0.36 (95% confidence interval 0.34-0.38) for the Prostate Health Index. The area under the curve was 0.72 for prostate cancer antigen 3 and 0.76 for the Prostate Health Index. The combination of prostate cancer antigen 3 and the Prostate Health Index had a higher area under the curve (0.79) and diagnostic odds ratio (5.83) than the use of Prostate Health Index (area under the curve 0.75, diagnostic odds ratio 4.69) or prostate cancer antigen 3 (area under the curve 0.77, diagnostic odds ratio 4.84) alone. For clinically significant prostate cancer detection, the pooled sensitivity and specificity were 0.80 (95% confidence interval 0.76-0.84) and 0.53 (95% confidence interval 0.50-0.55), respectively, for prostate cancer antigen 3, and 0.77 (95% confidence interval 0.71-0.82) and 0.64 (95% confidence interval 0.61-0.67), respectively, for the Prostate Health Index. The area under the curve was 0.71 for prostate cancer antigen 3 and 0.77 for the Prostate Health Index. CONCLUSION: Both the Prostate Health Index and prostate cancer antigen 3 showed acceptable and similar results for the detection of overall and clinically significant prostate cancer at first biopsy. A combination of these two diagnostic tests may be more helpful than the use of either test alone in prostate cancer management.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata , Biópsia , Humanos , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
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