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1.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 44(6): 525-530, 2021 Jun 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34102713

RESUMO

Objective: To understanding the clinical characteristics of the patients of pneumonia concomitant with acute pulmonary embolism, and the early identification of high-risk patients. Methods: Retrospective analysis of hospitalized patients with confirmed diagnosis of community acquired pneumonia (CAP) with concomitant pulmonary embolism (PE) within a period of 5 years. Patients hospitalized with CAP alone in the same period were included in the control group in a ratio of 1∶2 according to the principle of gender and age. The demographic characteristics, clinical feature, laboratory examination, radiographic and other clinical data of these 2 groups of patients were studied. Statistical analysis was performed by Chi-square test, Kruskal-Wallis test and logistic regression. Results: Thirty-nine patients with CAP combined with PE and 78 patients with CAP alone were included. Compared to patients with CAP alone, dyspnea (21/39 vs 21/78, P=0.004), a history of heart disease (10/39 vs 8/78, P=0.031), and a history of connective tissue diseases (3/39 vs 0/78, P=0.035) were more common to seen in patients with CAP combined with PE. D-dimer [2 222(854, 3 539) ng/ml vs 295(168, 707) ng/ml, P=0.000], arterial PH value (7.5±0.5 vs 7.4±0.4, P=0.022), BNP [103.9(48.7, 236.8) pg/ml vs 98.4(44.8, 246.3) pg/ml, P=0.028] and incidence of lower extremity venous thrombosis (18/39 vs 3/41, P=0.000) were higher in patients with CAP combined with PE, while arterial partial pressure of CO2 [(35.3±6.2) mmHg vs (38.4±4.4) mmHg, P=0.009, 1 mmHg=0.133 kPa] was lower. Logistic regression analysis showed that D-dimer (P=0.000) and dyspnea (P=0.033) were associated with the risk of PE. Conclusion: When patients with CAP represent dyspnea or have a history of heart disease or connective tissue diseases concomitant PE should be considered for differential diagnosis. Determination of D-dimer, arterial PH value, arterial partial pressure of CO2, BNP and ultrasonography of lower extremities had important implications for the diagnosis of pneumonia complicated with acute pulmonary embolism.

2.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(6): 401-421, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34102722

RESUMO

Pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (pNENs) are highly heterogeneous, and the management of pNENs patients can be intractable. To address this challenge, an expert committee was established on behalf of the Group of Pancreatic Surgery, Chinese Society of Surgery, Chinese Medical Association, which consisted of surgical oncologists, gastroenterologists, medical oncologists, endocrinologists, radiologists, pathologists, and nuclear medicine specialists. By reviewing the important issues regarding the diagnosis and treatment of pNENs, the committee concluded evidence-based statements and recommendations in this article, in order to further improve the management of pNENs patients in China.

3.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 51(2): 126-128, 2021 Mar 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34098707

RESUMO

Wenre Jingwei(,Warp and Weft of Warm and Hot Disorders) is believed the masterpiece written by Wang Mengying, who was a famous physician in the Qing Dynasty. It represents the essence of Wang's theory in terms of Epidemic Febrile Diseases. It has been interpreted and analyzed by seven critics. However, these seven critics have not been widely known up to now. This paper introduces the life history of the critics and their medical achievements, in order to clarify their contributions to this book and enrich the content of medical history.

4.
Anim Genet ; 2021 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34096079

RESUMO

Qira black sheep is a famous indigenous sheep breed in China. The objectives of this study are to identify candidate genes related to body size, and to estimate the level of inbreeding depression on body size based on runs of homozygosity in Qira black sheep. Here, 188 adult Qira black sheep were genotyped with a high density (630 K) SNP chip and genome-wide association study for body weight and body size traits (including withers height, body slanting length, tail length, chest girth, chest width, and chest depth) were performed using an additive linear model. In consequence, 12 genome- and chromosome-wide significant SNPs and, accordingly, six candidate genes involved in muscle differentiation, metabolism and cell processes were identified. Of them, ZNF704 (zinc finger protein 704) was identified for body weight; AK2 (adenylate kinase 2) and PARK2 (parkin RBR E3 ubiquitin protein ligase) for tail length; MOCOS (molybdenum cofactor sulfurase) and ELP2 (elongator acetyltransferase complex subunit 2) for chest width; and MFAP1 (microfibril associated protein 1) for chest girth. Additionally, inbreeding depressions on body size were observed in the current herd. These results will provide insightful understandings into the genetic mechanisms of adult body size, and into the conservation and utilization of Qira black sheep.

5.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34074088

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the individual dose level of occupational external radiation of radiation workers in Lanzhou in 2019, so as to provide reference for radiation protection and occupational health management. Methods: In April 2020, a total of 1460 radiation workers in Gansu Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention in 2019 were selected as the research objects. The unit nature, hospital level and occupational category of the monitored workers were collected, and the monitoring results of external radiation personal dose in 2019 were analyzed and compared. Results: In the occupational external radiation monitoring of radiation workers in Lanzhou in 2019, the effective dose of 48 persons was 1.0~<5.0 mSv, the effective dose of 2 persons was 5.0~<10.0 mSv, the annual collective effective dose was 308.21 people·mSv, and the average annual effective dose of monitored persons was 0.21 mSv/a. There was significant difference in the distribution of annual effective dose per capita among different occupational groups (H=34.43, P<0.05) . The annual effective dose per capita of nuclear medicine personnel was higher (0.56 mSv/a) , followed by interventional radiology (0.33 mSv/a) . The ratio of annual collective dose to total annual collective dose with annual individual dose more than 5 mSv (SR(5)) and the ratio of the number of staff with annual individual dose more than 1mSv to the total number of monitored personnel (NR(1)) were higher in nuclear medicine and interventional radiology personnel. The average annual effective dose distribution of diagnostic radiologists in different level hospitals was statistically significant (H=16.46, P<0.05) . The average annual effective dose in private hospitals, community hospitals and health centers was higher (0.32 mSv) , followed by county hospitals (0.23 mSv) . Conclusion: The individual dose of occupational external radiation of radiation workers in Lanzhou is generally low, and the annual effective dose of nuclear medicine and interventional radiology workers is high. The management of radiation protection should be emphasis on this people. And it is suggested to strengthen the supervision of private hospitals and update and maintain the equipment of community health centers.


Assuntos
Exposição Ocupacional , Saúde do Trabalhador , Monitoramento de Radiação , Proteção Radiológica , Humanos , Exposição Ocupacional/análise , Doses de Radiação
7.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(5): 633-639, 2021 May 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34034404

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the compliance and related factors of low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) screening among the high-risk population of lung cancer in three provinces participating in the cancer early diagnosis and early treatment program in urban areas of China. Methods: From October 2017 to October 2018, 17 983 people aged between 40 and 74 years old at high risk of lung cancer were recruited from Zhejiang, Anhui and Liaoning provinces. The basic demographic characteristics, living habits, history of the disease and family history of cancer were collected by using a cancer risk assessment questionnaire, and the data of participants examined by LDCT were obtained from the hospitals participating in the program. The screening compliance was quantified by the screening participation rate, and it was calculated as the proportion of participants completing LDCT scan among high-risk population. The related factors of LDCT screening compliance were analyzed by using a multivariate logistic regression model. Results: The age of 17 983 participants was (56.52±8.22) years old. Males accounted for 51.9% (N=9 332), and 69.5% (N=12 495) had ever smoked, including former smokers and current smokers. A total of 6 269 participants were screened by LDCT, and the screening participation rate was 34.86%. The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the age group of 50 to 69 years old, female, passive smokers, alcohol consumption, family history of lung cancer and history of chronic respiratory diseases were more likely to be screened by LDCT, while the compliance of LDCT screening in current smokers was low. Conclusions: The LDCT screening compliance of the high-risk population of lung cancer in urban areas of China still needs to be improved. Age, sex, smoking, drinking, family history of lung cancer and history of chronic respiratory disease are associated with screening compliance.


Assuntos
Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiologia , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
8.
Anim Genet ; 2021 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34002409

RESUMO

Litter size is one of the most important reproductive traits of sheep, which has pronounced effects on the profit of husbandry enterprises and enthusiasm of breeders. Despite the importance of litter size, the underlying genetic mechanisms have not been entirely elucidated. Therefore, based on a high-density SNP chip, genome-wide comparative analysis was performed between two groups with different fecundity to reveal candidate genes linked to litter size via detection of homozygosity and selection signatures in Luzhong mutton sheep. Consequently, nine promising genes were identified from six runs of homozygosity islands, and functionally linked to reproduction (ACTL7A, ACTL7B, and ELP1), embryonic development (KLF5 and PIBF1), and cell cycle (DACH1, BORA, DIS3, and MZT1). A total of 128 genes were observed under selection, of which HECW1 and HTR1E were related to total lambs born, GABRG3, LRP1B, and MACROD2 to teat number, and AGBL1 to reproductive seasonality. Additionally, the presence of inbreeding depression implies the urgency of reasonable mating system to increase litter size in the present herd. These findings provide a comprehensive insight to the genetic makeup of litter size, and also contribute to implementation of marker-assisted selection in sheep.

9.
Environ Res ; 197: 111118, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33831410

RESUMO

With climate change, understanding and assessing the impact of climate variations on non-stationary changes of streamflow is of importance in the hydrologic and atmospheric sciences. In this study, tempo-spatial and scaling effects in the impacts of 18 climate variations on nonstationary streamflow for 279 watersheds across Canada are explored. Specifically, the change point and trends of streamflow are examined through Pettitt's test and Mann-Kendall test. Spatial patterns of correlations between the climate variations and flow rates over Canada, especially their non-stationarity, are investigated at seasonal and decadal scales. The patterns are also quantified by seven spatial classification algorithms under method uncertainty. A series of findings regarding the impacts are revealed. For instance, nonstationary changes of streamflow exist for approximately 9% of Canadian watersheds and most of them are located in Prairie Provinces and the eastern coast. The Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation, Niño 12, Niño 3, Niño 4, and Niño 3.4 pose significant impacts on Canadian streamflow, which vary with watersheds and seasons. The impacts are closely associated with human activities, e.g., significant impacts of climate variations on populated-area streamflow over Canada. Different climatic variations have different time-varying effects on streamflow. All watersheds have obvious clustering characteristics and four spatial patterns are identified, which is insensitive with classification algorithm. These findings are conducive to understanding the hydrological impacts of atmospheric circulation and enhancing the reliability of hydrological prediction.

10.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 60(5): 459-465, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33906276

RESUMO

Objective: Donor cytomegalovirus (CMV) serological negative status may have an adverse effect on the outcome of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), while there is inadequate data for Chinese people. This study is to explore the impact of donor CMV serological status on the outcome of CMV seropositive patients receiving allo-HSCT. Methods: Our study retrospectively analyzed 16 CMV seropositive patients with hematological malignancies receiving allogeneic grafts from CMV seronegative donors (antibody IgG negative) at Peking University People's Hospital from March 2013 to March 2020, which was defined as D-/R+ group. The other 64 CMV seropositive patients receiving grafts from CMV seropositive donors at the same period of time were selected as matched controls through a propensity score with 1∶4 depending on age, disease state and donor-recipient relationship (D+/R+ group). Results: Patients in D-/R+ group developed CMV DNAemia later than patients in the D+/R+ group (+37 days vs. +31 days after allo-HSCT, P=0.011), but the duration of CMV DNAemia in D-/R+ group was longer than that of D+/R+ group (99 days vs. 34 days, P=0.012). The rate of CMV reactivation 4 times or more in D-/R+ group was 4/16, significantly higher than that of D+/R+ group (4.7%, 3/64, P=0.01). The incidences of refractory CMV DNAemia (14/16 vs. 56.3%, P=0.021) and CMV disease (4/16 vs. 4.7%, P=0.01) in D-/R+ group were both higher than those in D+/R+ group. In addition, the application of CMV-CTL as the second-line antiviral treatment in D-/R+ group was more than that in D+/R+ group. Univariate analysis and multivariate analysis suggested that CMV serological negativity is an independent risk factor for refractory CMV DNAemia and the duration of CMV infection. The cumulative incidence of aGVHDⅡ-Ⅳ, cGVHD, 3-year probability of NRM, overall survival, and the cumulative incidence of relapse were all comparable in two groups. Conclusions: Although there is no significant effect on OS and NRM, the incidence of refractory CMV DNAemia, the frequency of virus reactivation, and the development of CMV disease in D-/R+ group are higher than those in controls. Therefore, CMV seropositive donors are preferred for CMV seropositive patients.


Assuntos
Infecções por Citomegalovirus , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Citomegalovirus , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/epidemiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(8): 3211-3220, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33928606

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of long non-coding Opa-interacting protein 5 antisense RNA 1 (OIP5-AS1) in bladder cancer (BCa), and the mechanism of OIP5-AS1/microRNA-217 (miR-217)/metadherin (MTDH) in promoting the progression of BCa. PATIENTS AND METHODS: OIP5-AS1, miR-217 and MTDH expressions in BCa tissues and cells were detected by qRT-PCR or Western blot. CCK-8 and transwell assays were used to determine the proliferation and invasion of BCa cells. The correlation between OIP5-AS1 and miR-217, miR-217 and MTDH, and OIP5-AS1 and MTDH were studied by Luciferase reporter assay and Spearman correlation analysis. Statistical analysis of test data was performed using t-test. RESULTS: OIP5-AS1 was upregulated in BCa tissues and cells, and OIP5-AS1 knockdown could inhibit the proliferation and invasion of BCa cells. MiR-217 was a direct-acting target of OIP5-AS1, and MTDH was a target of miR-217. OIP5-AS1 knockdown inhibits human BCa cell proliferation and invasion through miR-217/MTDH axis. CONCLUSIONS: This study systematically explored the effect of OIP5-AS1 in human BCa. MiR-217/MTDH pathway mediated the promotion of OIP5-AS1 in BCa cells proliferation and invasion. OIP5-AS1, as an oncogene, could be used as a biomarker for the treatment of BCa.

12.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(6): 2542-2547, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33829440

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We explore the treatment of bone metastases in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reported a 76-year-old female patient, who was diagnosed with NSCLC with bone metastasis eight years ago (stage IVA). Due to unbearable diarrhea, she refused chemotherapy, and we adopted local treatment, including local radiotherapy 50 Gy and bone cement to lumbar spinal metastases, 62 Gy local radiotherapy of primary lung tumor, TKI inhibitor gefitinib and zoledronic acid. RESULTS: She survived more than eight years and is still in follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: The median survival time for NSCLC patients with bone metastases is often less than 1 year. We reported the patient with more than eight years of survival, showed that some special cases can adopt the methods of local treatment including bone cement, treatment benefit patients, radiation therapy and targeted therapy in clinic to expand the survival.

13.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 37: E001, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33874675

RESUMO

Objective: To observe the clinical effect of treatment with follicular unit extraction (FUE) transplantation in cicatricial alopecia. Methods: The retrospective cohort study was conducted. From January 2012 to January 2018, 56 patients (36 males and 20 females, aged (25±8.63) years, 1% to 30% alopecia area) who met the inclusion criteria and were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Medical University were treated by the FUE transplantation for their cicatricial alopecia. The procedure of treatment was performed through the preoperative planning, follicular extraction, follicular preparation, punching recipient site and hairs transplantation. The survival rate of hairs was observed and calculated with gross observation. The evaluation was conducted through questionnaire survey by 4-levels: very satisfied, satisfied, not satisfied, and not at all satisfied with effects. Results: The follow-up was performed on 56 patients for 9 to 24 months, the survival rate of hairs transplantation was (70±9) %, and the survival density of hairs was (35±8) roots/cm2. After one-stage surgical operation, 34 (60.7%) cases of patients were very satisfied, 16 (28.6%) cases satisfied, and 6(10.7%)cases of patients felt the treatment was effective but dissatisfied. Six unsatisfactory patients and 16 satisfactory patients underwent the second-stage surgical operation. Nineteen (86.4%) cases of patients were very satisfied and 3(13.6%) cases were satisfied after the second-stage surgical operation. None of the patients underwent the third-stage surgical operation. The transplanted hairs grew naturally, and there were no serious complications in all cases. Conclusion: The application of FUE transplantation could treat and improve effectively cicatricial alopecia with less trauma, fewer complication, less scar of donor site and rapid post-operative recovery, so which has high clinically applied value.

14.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(5): 380-386, 2021 May 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33902222

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the risk factors for mortality in pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome (PARDS) requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support. Methods: Clinical data of 109 patients with severe PARDS supported by ECMO, who were hospitalized in 6 ECMO centers in China from September 2012 to February 2020, were retrospectively analyzed. They were divided into survival group and death group according to the prognosis. Chi-square test and rank sum test were used to compare the variables between the two groups, including the demographic data, laboratory examination results, clinical data before and after ECMO, and other supportive treatment. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression models were used to analyze the prognostic risk factors. Results: In these 109 cases, 54 died and 55 survived. Compared with the survival group, the death group had higher incidences of acute kidney injury (AKI) (48.1% (26/54) vs. 21.8% (12/55), χ²=8.318, P=0.004) and coagulation dysfunction (22.2% (12/54) vs. 7.3% (4/55), χ²=4.862, P=0.027), and higher rate of renal replacement therapy (48.1% (26/54) vs. 21.8% (12/55), χ²=9.694, P=0.008) during ECMO support. Logistic regression analysis showed that continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) and AKI were independent risk factors for death in patients with severe PARDS requiring ECMO support (HR=3.88,95%CI 1.04-14.52, HR=4.84,95%CI 1.21-19.46, both P<0.05). Conclusion: AKI and CRRT are independent risk factors for predicting mortality in patients with severe PARDS requiring ECMO support.


Assuntos
Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
15.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 50(4): 333-338, 2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33831990

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the application value of artificial intelligence-assisted diagnosis system for TBS report in cervical cancer screening. Methods: A total of 16 317 clinical samples and related data of cervical liquid-based thin-layer cell smears, which were obtained from July 2020 to September 2020, were collected from Southern Hospital, Guangzhou Huayin Medical Inspection Center, Shenzhen Bao'an People's Hospital(Group) and Changsha Yuan'an Biotechnology Co., Ltd. The TBS report artificial intelligence-assisted diagnosis system of cervical liquid-based thin-layer cytology jointly developed by Southern Medical University and Guangzhou F. Q. PATHOTECH Co., Ltd. based on deep learning convolution neural network was used to diagnose all clinical samples. The sensitivity,specificity and accuracy of both artificial intelligence-assisted diagnosis system and cytologists using artificial intelligence-assisted diagnosis system were analyzed based on the evaluation standard(2014 TBS). The time spent by the two methods was also compared. Results: The sensitivity of artificial intelligence-assisted diagnosis system in predicting cervical intraepithelial lesions and other lesions (including endometrial cells detected in women over 45 years old and infectious lesions) under different production methods, different cytoplasmic staining and different scanning instruments was 92.90% and 83.55% respectively, and the specificity of negative samples was 87.02%, while that of cytologists using artificial intelligence-assisted diagnosis system was 99.34%, 97.79% and 99.10%, respectively. Moreover, cytologists using artificial intelligence-assisted diagnosis system could save about 6 times of reading time than manual. Conclusions: Artificial intelligence-assisted diagnosis system for TBS report of cervical liquid-based thin-layer cytology has the advantages of high sensitivity, high specificity and strong generalization. Cytologists can significantly improve the accuracy and work efficiency of reading smears by using artificial intelligence-assisted diagnosis system.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Inteligência Artificial , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Esfregaço Vaginal
16.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(4): 335-341, 2021 Apr 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33832034

RESUMO

Objective: To study the effect of various concentrations of Enterococcus faecalis (Ef) supernatants on human periodontal ligament cell (hPDLC) and the inflammatory response of hPDLC under static pressure. Methods: The method of methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) was used to detect the effect of various concentrations of Ef supernatants on the proliferation of hPDLCs and the flow cytometry was used to detect the expression of Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR-2) on the surface of hPDLC after 24-hour-stimulation of Ef supernatant. Furthermore, the hPDLCs were divided into non inducing group without Ef supernatant and inducing group with 5% Ef supernatant, and hPDLCs in each group were loaded with 0, 49 and 196 Pa static pressures respectively. The expressions of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) mRNA and protein were detected by reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) after 24 hours. Results: MTT results showed that the supernatant of Ef with concentration≥5% could significantly inhibit the proliferation activity of hPDLCs at 48 hours of cell culture (P<0.05). Flow cytometry showed that the positive cell rates of TLR-2 increased with increasing volume fractions of the Ef supernatants. The values were (2.12±0.07)%, (2.41±0.32)%, (2.65±0.27)%, (4.76±0.46)%, (9.91±0.92)% and (12.01±1.35)%, respectively. The differences were statistically significant when the concentrations≥5% (P<0.05). There were no significant differences in the expressions of IL-1ß and TNF-α mRNA between the non inducing group and the control group under the pressure of 49 Pa (P>0.05). However, there were significant differences in the expressions of IL-1ß and TNF-α mRNA between the non inducing group and the control group under the pressure of 196 Pa (P<0.05), while the expressions of IL-1ß and TNF-α in the inducing group were significantly lower than that in the control group under the pressures of 49 and 196 Pa (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the mRNA expression was significantly increased (P<0.05). The result of ELISA was consistent with that of PCR. Conclusions: High concentration of Ef supernatant could inhibit the proliferation of hPDLC. Ef supernatant might promote the expression of TLR-2 on the surface of hPDLC. Excessive mechanical pressure induced the inflammatory response of hPDLC. The presence of inflammatory mediators could lead to the intolerance of hPDLC to pressures and small pressure could aggravate the inflammatory response.


Assuntos
Enterococcus faecalis , Ligamento Periodontal , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta , Lipopolissacarídeos , RNA Mensageiro , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
17.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 37(4): 350-355, 2021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33745256

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical effects of pre-expanded anterior perforator flap of transverse cervical artery in extensive facial and cervical scar reconstruction and contralateral pre-expanded thoracic random flap in relay in donor site repair. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. From May 2008 to December 2018, 10 patients with extensive facial and cervical scar after burns were treated in the Fourth Medical Center of PLA General Hospital, including 8 males and 2 females, aged 10-55 years. In the first stage of operation, two skin and soft tissue expanders of the same volume (with rated capacity of 250-600 mL) were respectively placed in the right side and left side of the chest according to the size of scar, and then the skin was expanded. The total amount of normal saline injected was 2 to 4 times of the rated capacity of the expander. In the second stage, the defect with area of 12 cm×8 cm-23 cm×15 cm caused by scar resection and release was repaired with unilateral pre-expanded anterior perforator flap of transverse cervical artery with area of 12 cm×9 cm-24 cm×16 cm. The contralateral pre-expanded thoracic random flap with the same area as that of the above-mentioned perforator flap was extended to repair the secondary defect with area of 8 cm×6 cm-17 cm×14 cm formed after transfer of the above-mentioned perforator flap. The exploration of perforating branch of transverse cervical artery, flap transfer and survival, injury repair, and complications were observed. The appearance and related function of donor and recipient sites and satisfaction of patients were followed up. Results: The perforating branches of transverse cervical artery appeared stably in the 10 patients. All the flaps were transferred to the recipient area without tension and survived. Both facial and cervical injuries were repaired successfully with no common complications. During the follow-up of 6 months-8 years, the color and texture of the pre-expanded anterior perforator flap of transverse cervical artery matched with the surrounding tissue, the functions of head raising and neck rotation of patients were significantly improved compared with those before operation, the color and texture of the flap transplanted in the first donor site matched with the original skin, linear scar left at the surgical incision, and 9 patients were satisfied with the restoration of the appearance and function of donor and recipient sites. Conclusions: The color and texture of the pre-expanded anterior perforator flap of transverse cervical artery match well with the face and neck, and the repairable area is large. After the perforator flap is removed, the secondary wound can be repaired with the pre-expanded thoracic random flap at the same time, and the injury of the chest donor site is alleviated. This relay repair method is a good choice for reconstructing extensive facial and cervical scar.


Assuntos
Retalho Perfurante , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles , Cicatriz/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante de Pele , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33781039

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the status quo of operating room nurse career management in Shandong Province, and to analysis its influencing factors. Methods: In February 2019, 1418 operating room nurses in Shandong province were selected to investigate their general situation and current status of career management and analyze possible influencing factors by using the General Information Questionnaire, the Career Management Questionnaire for Nurses and the Career Planning Questionnaire for Nurses. Results: The total score of organizational career management scale was (48.24±11.12) points, with the score of dimension from high to low as valueing training (12.64±2.54) points, justice in promotion (12.11±3.04) points, providing career information (12.10±3.21) points, promotion in career self-development (11.39±3.46) points. The total score of organizational career planning scale was (43.33±9.00) points. Multiple liner regression analysis showed that career planning (ß=0.742, P<0.001) , hospital grade (ß=-0.068, P<0.001) and age (ß=-0.065, P<0.001) were influencing factors of operating room nurse career management which could explained 57.1% of the variation (F=630.596, P<0.001) . Conclusion: Career management of operating room nurse is at a medium level, the scores of different dimensions are not balanced.Career planning score, hospital level, age and other factors affect the career management score of operating room nurses.


Assuntos
Hospitais , Salas Cirúrgicas , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(3): 210-215, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33685055

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the strategy and the clinical effect of single stage treatment for intracranial or extracranial artery stenosis with intracranial aneurysm. Methods: The clinical data of 15 patients with intracranial aneurysms and extracranial or intracranial artery stenosis treated by one-stage endovascular therapy at Department of Neurosurgery of Peking University First Hospital from April 2013 to September 2018 were analyzed,respectively.There were 6 males and 9 females,aged (63.9±9.1)years (range:43 to 79 years).Fifteen arterial stenosis were found, including 8 in anterior circulatiion and 7 in posterior circulation, and the stenosis rates ranged from 75% to 95%. There were 17 aneurysms, among which 11 in the anterior circulation and 6 in the posterior.The maximal diameter was (5.3±1.2)mm (range:3 to 7 mm).All patients were treated with stenting and embolization at one stage. The operation choices, perioperative and postoperative symptoms,imaging data and complications were recorded. Results: Stents were successfully implanted into arterial stenosis of 15 cases, reducing the stenosis rates to less than 30%.Among the 17 aneurysms,10 cases were treated by coil embolization alone,7 cases by stenting and coil embolization. Eventually all the 17 aneurysms reached complete embolization.One patient had mild symptoms of the cerebral infarction during the perioperative period,and the rest had not shown surgical complications.The follow-up time was (43.8±8.2)months (range:24 to 85 months). All the patients underwent digital subtraction angiography 6 to 12 months after operation.Among them,2 cases had asymptomatic in-stent restenosis,and no recurrence was found in aneurysms.Up to the last follow-up,no patients had showed new symptoms or signs of intracranial hemorrhage or ischemic stroke. Conclusions: For patients suffered from both stenosis and aneurysms,individualized treatment should be made based on the location and severity of the vascular stenosis and aneurysms.With careful preoperative evaluation and surgical planning,the single stage endovascular treatment for intracranial or extracranial artery stenosis combined with intracranial aneurysm is safe,feasible and effective for selected patients.


Assuntos
Constrição Patológica/terapia , Embolização Terapêutica , Aneurisma Intracraniano , Adulto , Idoso , Angiografia Cerebral , Artérias Cerebrais/diagnóstico por imagem , Artérias Cerebrais/cirurgia , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/diagnóstico por imagem , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/terapia , Constrição Patológica/complicações , Constrição Patológica/diagnóstico por imagem , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/complicações , Aneurisma Intracraniano/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Intracraniano/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(3): 243-268, 2021 Mar 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33752304

RESUMO

In China, the malignant tumor with the highest incidence and motality is lung cancer (LC). As screening and early detection and treatment are effective in reducing LC mortality, formulating a guideline in line with China's national conditions for the screening and early detection and treatment of LC will greatly promote the homogeneity and accuracy of LC screening, and result in an improvement of the effectiveness of LC screening. Commissioned and directed by the Disease Prevention and Control Bureau of the National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China, the guidline was initiated by the National Cancer Center of China and formulated with joint effort by experts from different disciplines. Following the principles and methods in WHO Handbook for Guideline Development, the guidline integrates the latest development in LC screening and early diagnosis and treatment worldwide while fully considering China's national conditions and practical experience in LC screening. It provides detailed evidence-based recommendations for different aspects of LC screening, such as the targeted population, the technologies and the procedures, to regulate the practices of LC screening and early diagnosis and treatment and enhance the effectiveness of the prevention and control of LC in China.


Assuntos
Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Pequim , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiologia , Programas de Rastreamento
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