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1.
Biomed Mater ; 15(5): 055013, 2020 07 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32252046

RESUMO

Osteoporotic bone defects are a major challenge in clinics for bone regeneration. With the condition of osteoporosis, excessive bone absorption and impaired osteogenesis result in unexpectedly long healing procedures for defects. In order to simultaneously enhance bone formation and reduce bone resorption, a polydopamine-coated porous titanium scaffold was designed, to be integrated with anti-catabolic drug zoledronic acid nanoparticles (ZOL loaded gelatin NPs), which was able to achieve a local sustained release of ZOL as expected. The in vitro study demonstrated that extracts of the composite scaffolds would stimulate osteoblast differentiation; they also inhibited osteoclastogenesis at a ZOL loading concentration of 50 µmol l-1. In the subsequent in vivo study, the composite scaffolds were implanted into ovariectomy-induced osteoporotic rabbits suffering from femoral condyles defects. The results indicated that the composite scaffolds without ZOL loaded gelatin NPs only induced callus formation, mainly at the interface margin between the implant and bone, whereas the composite scaffolds with ZOL loaded gelatin NPs were capable of further enhancing osteogenesis and bone growth into the scaffolds. Moreover, the research proved that the promoting effect was optimal at a ZOL loading concentration of 50 µmol l-1. In summary, the present research indicated that a new type of porous titanium scaffold integrated with ZOL loaded gelatin NPs inherited a superior biocompatibility and bone regeneration capability. It would be an optimal alternative for the reconstruction of osteoporosis-related defects compared to a traditional porous titanium implant; in other words, the new type of scaffold offers a new effective and practical procedure option for patients suffering from osteoporotic bone defects.

2.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 69(6): 805-816, 2017 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29270597

RESUMO

Neural oscillations cross-frequency coupling (CFC) refers to the effect of the cross modulation between the electrophysiological oscillation rhythm in different ensembles of neurons. The CFC can reflect the mechanism of information transfer and exchange of local field potentials, electroencephalograph (EEG) and other neural electrophysiological activities at different spatial and temporal scales and plays an important role in the study of cognitive function. This paper introduces the basic phenomenon and classifications of neural oscillation CFC briefly, and reviews the typical applications in the study of the animal cognition model and human cognitive function in recent years, respectively. The main problems are also summarized and the future research is prospected in order to provide new ideas to promote the study and application of the CFC.


Assuntos
Cognição/fisiologia , Neurônios/fisiologia , Animais , Eletroencefalografia , Humanos
3.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 60: 468-475, 2016 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26999702

RESUMO

Micro-finite element (µFE) models have been widely used to assess the biomechanical properties of trabecular bone. How to choose a proper sample volume of trabecular bone, which could predict the real bone biomechanical properties and reduce the calculation time, was an interesting problem. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between different sample volumes and apparent elastic modulus (E) calculated from µFE model. 5 Human lumbar vertebral bodies (L1-L5) were scanned by micro-CT. Cubic concentric samples of different lengths were constructed as the experimental groups and the largest possible volumes of interest (VOI) were constructed as the control group. A direct voxel-to-element approach was used to generate µFE models and steel layers were added to the superior and inferior surface to mimic axial compression tests. A 1% axial strain was prescribed to the top surface of the model to obtain the E values. ANOVA tests were performed to compare the E values from the different VOIs against that of the control group. Nonlinear function curve fitting was performed to study the relationship between volumes and E values. The larger cubic VOI included more nodes and elements, and more CPU times were needed for calculations. E values showed a descending tendency as the length of cubic VOI decreased. When the volume of VOI was smaller than (7.34mm(3)), E values were significantly different from the control group. The fit function showed that E values approached an asymptotic values with increasing length of VOI. Our study demonstrated that apparent elastic modulus calculated from µFE models were affected by the sample volumes. There was a descending tendency of E values as the length of cubic VOI decreased. Sample volume which was not smaller than (7.34mm(3)) was efficient enough and timesaving for the calculation of E.


Assuntos
Osso Esponjoso/fisiologia , Vértebras Lombares/fisiologia , Módulo de Elasticidade , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Microtomografia por Raio-X
4.
PLoS One ; 10(6): e0127973, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26046792

RESUMO

As cortical bone has a hierarchical structure, the macroscopic bone strength may be affected by the alterations of mineral crystal and collagen, which are main components of cortical bone. Limited studies focused on the time related alterations of these two components in osteoporosis, and their contributions to bone mechanics at tissue level and whole-bone level. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to elucidate the time related changes of mineral and collagen in cortical bone of ovariectomized (OVX) rabbits, and to relate these changes to cortical bone nanomechanics and macromechanics. 40 Rabbits (7-month-old) were randomly allocated into two groups (OVX and sham). OVX group received bilateral ovariectomy operation. Sham group received sham-OVX operation. Cortical bone quality of five rabbits in each group were assessed by DXA, µCT, nanoindentation, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and biomechanical tests (3-point bending of femoral midshaft) at pre-OVX, 4, 6, and 8 weeks after OVX. As time increased from pre-OVX to 8 weeks, the mineral to matrix ratio decreased with time, while both collagen crosslink ratio and crystallinity increased with time in OVX group. Elastic modulus and hardness measured by nanoindentation, whole-bone strength measured by biomechanical tests all decreased in OVX group with time. Bone material properties measured by FTIR correlated well with nano or whole-bone level mechanics. However, bone mineral density (BMD), structure, tissue-level and whole-bone mechanical properties did not change with age in sham group. Our study demonstrated that OVX could affect the tissue-level mechanics and bone strength of cortical bone. And this influence was attributed to the time related alterations of mineral and collagen properties, which may help us to design earlier interventions and more effective treatment strategies on osteoporosis.


Assuntos
Colágeno/metabolismo , Fêmur/fisiologia , Animais , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Densidade Óssea , Módulo de Elasticidade , Feminino , Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Ovariectomia , Coelhos , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Fatores de Tempo , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
5.
Biomed Res Int ; 2015: 263434, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25918705

RESUMO

This study was aimed at elucidating the temporal changes of microarchitectural and mechanical parameters of cancellous bone in the osteoporotic rabbit model induced by ovariectomy (OVX) combined with glucocorticoid (GC) administration. Osteoporotic (OP) group received bilateral OVX combined with injections of GC, while sham group only received sham operation. Cancellous bone quality in vertebrae and femoral condyles in each group was assessed by DXA, µCT, nanoindentation, and biomechanical tests at pre-OVX and 4, 6, and 8 weeks after injection. With regard to femoral condyles, nanoindentation test could detect significant decline in tissue modulus and hardness at 4 weeks. However, BMD and microarchitecture of femoral condylar cancellous bone changed significantly at 6 weeks. In vertebrae, BMD, microarchitecture, nanoindentation, and biomechanical tests changed significantly at 4 weeks. Our data demonstrated that temporal changes of microarchitectural and mechanical parameters of cancellous bone in the osteoporotic rabbit were significant. The temporal changes of cancellous bone in different anatomical sites might be different. The nanoindentation method could detect the changes of bone quality at an earlier stage at both femoral condyle and vertebra in the osteoporotic rabbit model than other methods (µCT, BMD).


Assuntos
Osso e Ossos/patologia , Osso e Ossos/fisiopatologia , Osteoporose/patologia , Osteoporose/fisiopatologia , Absorciometria de Fóton , Animais , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Densidade Óssea , Osso e Ossos/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento Tridimensional , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/patologia , Vértebras Lombares/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Osteoporose/diagnóstico por imagem , Coelhos , Fatores de Tempo , Microtomografia por Raio-X
6.
Int J Clin Exp Med ; 8(10): 17868-79, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26770381

RESUMO

Trabecular bones of different skeletal sites have different bone morphologies. How to select an appropriate volume of region of interest (ROI) to reflect the microarchitecture of trabecular bone in different skeletal sites was an interesting problem. Therefore, in this study, the optimal volumes of ROI within vertebral body and femoral head, and if the relationships between volumes of ROI and microarchitectural parameters were affected by trabecular bone morphology were studied. Within vertebral body and femoral head, different cubic volumes of ROI (from (1 mm)(3) to (20 mm)(3)) were set to compare with control groups(whole volume of trabecular bone). Five microarchitectural parameters (BV/TV, Tb.N, Tb.Th, Tb.Sp, and BS/BV) were obtained. Nonlinear curve fitting functions were used to explore the relationships between the microarchitectural parameters and the volumes of ROI. The volumes of ROI could affect the microarchitectural parameters when the volume was smaller than (8 mm)(3) within the vertebral body and smaller than (13 mm)(3) within the femoral head. As the volume increased, the variable tendencies of BV/TV, Tb.N, and Tb.Sp were different between these two skeletal sites. The curve fitting functions between these two sites were also different. The relationships between volumes of ROI and microarchitectural parameters were affected by the different trabecular bone morphologies within lumbar vertebral body and femoral head. When depicting the microarchitecture of human trabecular bone within lumbar vertebral body and femoral head, the volume of ROI would be larger than (8 mm)(3) and (13 mm)(3).

7.
Biochim Biophys Acta ; 1841(6): 847-58, 2014 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24576892

RESUMO

ATP-binding cassette transporter G1 (ABCG1) plays an important role in macrophage reverse cholesterol transport in vivo by promoting cholesterol efflux onto lipidated apoA-I. However, the underlying mechanism is unclear. Here, we found that ABCG1 co-immunoprecipitated with caveolin-1 (CAV1) but not with flotillin-1 and -2. Knockdown of CAV1 expression using siRNAs significantly reduced ABCG1-mediated cholesterol efflux without detectable effect on ABCA1-mediated cholesterol efflux. Disruption of the putative CAV1 binding site in ABCG1, through replacement of tyrosine residues at positions 487 and 489 or at positions 494 and 495 with alanine (Y487AY489A and Y494AY495A), impaired the interaction of ABCG1 with CAV1 and significantly decreased ABCG1-mediated cholesterol efflux. The substitution of Tyr494 and Tyr495 with Phe or Trp that resulted in an intact CAV1 binding site had no effect. Furthermore, Y494AY495A affected trafficking of ABCG1 to the cell surface. The mutant protein is mainly located intracellularly. Finally, we found that CAV1 co-immunoprecipitated with ABCG1 and regulated cholesterol efflux to reconstituted HDL in THP-1-derived macrophages upon the liver X receptor agonist treatment. These findings indicate that CAV1 interacts with ABCG1 and regulates ABCG1-mediated cholesterol efflux.


Assuntos
Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Caveolina 1/metabolismo , Colesterol/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica/genética , Membro 1 da Subfamília G de Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP , Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Sítios de Ligação , Transporte Biológico/genética , Caveolina 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Caveolina 1/genética , Colesterol/genética , Humanos , Receptores X do Fígado , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Receptores Nucleares Órfãos/antagonistas & inibidores , RNA Interferente Pequeno
8.
Environ Sci Technol ; 43(21): 8416-22, 2009 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19924978

RESUMO

Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), an environmentally persistent organic pollutant, has been reported to be transferred to the developing organisms via both placenta and breast milk. A cross-foster model was used to determine whether prenatal or postnatal exposure to PFOS alone can disturb the TH homeostasis in rat pups, and if so, which kind of exposure is a major cause of TH level alteration. Pregnant rats were fed standard laboratory rodent diet containing 0 (control) or 3.2 mg PFOS/kg throughout gestation and lactation period. On the day of birth, litters born to treated and control dams were cross-fostered, resulting in the following groups: unexposed control (CC), pups exposed only prenatally (TC), only postnatally (CT) or both prenatally and postnatally (TT). Serum and liver PFOS concentrations, serum total thyroxine (T4), total triiodothyronine (T3), reverse T3 (rT3) levels, and hepatic expression of genes involved in TH transport, metabolism, and receptors were evaluated in pups at the age of postnatal days (PNDs) 0, 7, 14, 21, or 35. PFOS body burden level in pups in group CT increased, while those in group TC dropped as they aged. Neither total T3 nor rT3 in pups was affected by PFOS exposure. Gestational exposure to PFOS alone (TC) significantly (p < 0.05) decreased T4 level in pups on PNDs 21 and 35, 20.3 and 19.4% lower than the control on the same PND, respectively. Postnatal exposure to PFOS alone (CT) also induced T4 depression on PNDs 21 and 35, 28.6 and 35.9% lower than controls, respectively. No significant difference in T4 level (p > 0.05) was observed between TC and CT on these two time points. None of the selected TH related transcripts was affected by PFOS in pups on PND 0. Only transcript level of transthyretin, TH binding protein, in group TT significantly increased to 150% of the control on PND 21. The results showed that prenatal PFOS exposure and postnatal PFOS exposure induced hypothyroxinemia in rat pups to a similar extent, which suggested that in utero PFOS exposure and postnatal PFOS accumulation, especially though maternal milk, are matters of great concern.


Assuntos
Ácidos Alcanossulfônicos/química , Ácidos Alcanossulfônicos/toxicidade , Desenvolvimento Embrionário/efeitos dos fármacos , Fluorcarbonetos/química , Fluorcarbonetos/toxicidade , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/patologia , Hormônios Tireóideos/metabolismo , Ácidos Alcanossulfônicos/sangue , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Desenvolvimento Embrionário/genética , Feminino , Fluorcarbonetos/sangue , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Tamanho do Órgão/efeitos dos fármacos , Gravidez , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/sangue , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Hormônios Tireóideos/sangue , Hormônios Tireóideos/genética
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