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1.
Food Chem ; 399: 134017, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36055068

RESUMO

Rice ratooning system is becoming increasingly important for food security in China, however, information on grain cadmium (Cd) and arsenic (As) levels is lacking. We collected grain samples of main crop (MC) and ratoon crop (RC) from five sites, where the same eleven varieties were planted, and determined the Cd and As concentration in brown rice. Results showed that differences in grain Cd level between MC and RC were inconsistent across experimental sites, although the average value was comparable. In contrast, the grain As level was significantly higher in MC than in RC by 99.8% on average, which was consistent across all sites. Moreover, there was a significant positive correlation in grain Cd concentration between RC and MC. Overall, RC-produced rice is safer than MC with dramatically lower As concentration, and planting rice varieties with low Cd accumulation capacity is important for production of safe rice in rice ratooning system.


Assuntos
Arsênio , Oryza , Poluentes do Solo , Arsênio/análise , Cádmio/análise , China , Grão Comestível/química , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise
2.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 963419, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36090368

RESUMO

Background: A better understanding of the factors and their correlation with clinical first-line nurses' sleep, fatigue and mental workload is of great significance to personnel scheduling strategies and rapid responses to anti-pandemic tasks in the post-COVID-19 pandemic era. Objective: This multicenter and cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the nurses' sleep, fatigue and mental workload and contributing factors to each, and to determine the correlation among them. Methods: A total of 1,004 eligible nurses (46 males, 958 females) from three tertiary hospitals participated in this cluster sampling survey. The Questionnaire Star online tool was used to collect the sociodemographic and study target data: Sleep quality, fatigue, and mental workload. Multi-statistical methods were used for data analysis using SPSS 25.0 and Amos 21.0. Results: The average sleep quality score was 10.545 ± 3.399 (insomnia prevalence: 80.2%); the average fatigue score was 55.81 ± 10.405 (fatigue prevalence: 100%); and the weighted mental workload score was 56.772 ± 17.26. Poor sleep was associated with mental workload (r = 0.303, P < 0.05) and fatigue (r = 0.727, P < 0.01). Fatigue was associated with mental workload (r = 0.321, P < 0.05). COVID-19 has caused both fatigue and mental workload. As 49% of nurses claimed their mental workload has been severely affected by COVID-19, while it has done slight harm to 68.9% of nurses' sleep quality. Conclusion: In the post-COVID-19 pandemic era, the high prevalence of sleep disorders and fatigue emphasizes the importance of paying enough attention to the mental health of nurses in first-class tertiary hospitals. Efficient nursing strategies should focus on the interaction of sleep, fatigue and mental workload in clinical nurses. In that case, further research on solutions to the phenomenon stated above proves to be of great significance and necessity. Clinical trial registration: [https://clinicaltrials.gov/], identifier [ChiCTR2100053133].

3.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 779942, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091817

RESUMO

Background: Although increasing clinical trials studying Shenfu injection (SFI) comprising panaxoside 0.8 mg/ml extracted from Panax ginseng C.A. Mey. and aconitine 0.1 mg/ml extracted from Aconitum carmichaeli Debeaux for elderly patients with severe pneumonia on biomarkers associated with COVID-19 progression are emerging, there is no evidence-based evaluation for the effect of SFI on elderly severe pneumonia. Objectives: To evaluate the effect of SFI on elderly patients with severe pneumonia providing hints for treating critical COVID-19, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods: Nine databases, namely, PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Science Direct, Google Scholar, Wanfang, Chongqing VIP Database, CNKI, and SinoMed were used to search clinical trials reporting the effect of SFI as an adjuvant for elderly severe pneumonia on outcomes of interest. Primary outcomes were total effective rate, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score, mortality, and safety. Secondary outcomes were predictors associated with COVID-19 progression. Duplicated or irrelevant articles with unavailable data were excluded. Cochrane Collaboration's tool was used to evaluate the risk of bias by two reviewers independently. All data were analyzed by Rev Man 5.4. Continuous variables were shown as weighted mean difference (WMD) or standard mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI), whereas dichotomous data were calculated as the risk ratio (RR) with 95% CI. Results: We included 20 studies with 1, 909 participants, and the pooled data showed that compared with standard control, SFI could improve the total effective rate (RR = 1.25, 95% CI = 1.14-1.37, and n = 689), APACHE II score (WMD = -2.95, 95% CI = -3.35, -2.56, and n = 809), and predictors associated with COVID-19 progression (brain natriuretic peptide, creatine kinase, stroke volume, cardiac output, left ventricular ejection fraction, cardiac index, sE-selectin, von Willebrand factor, activated partial thromboplastin time, platelet counts, D-Dimer, procalcitonin, and WBC count). SFI may reduce mortality (RR = 0.52, 95% CI = 0.37-0.73, and n = 429) and safety concerns (RR = 0.29, 95% CI = 0.17-0.51, and n = 150) for elderly severe pneumonia. Conclusion: SFI as an adjuvant may improve the total effective rate, APACHE II score, gas exchange, and predictors associated with COVID-19 progression, reducing mortality and safety concerns for elderly patients with severe pneumonia.

4.
Food Funct ; 2022 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36097956

RESUMO

The assembly of inflammasomes drives caspase-1 activation, which further promotes proinflammatory cytokine secretion and downstream pyroptosis. The discovery of novel caspase-1 inhibitors is pivotal to developing new therapeutic means for inflammasome-involved diseases. In our present study, sennoside A (Sen A), a popular ingredient in multiple weight-loss medicines and dietary supplements, is found to potently inhibit the enzymatic activity of caspase-1 in vitro. Sen A considerably decreased IL-1ß production in macrophages stimulated by LPS plus ATP, nigericin or MSU as well as poly(dA:dT) transfection, and remedied ROS-involved pyroptosis via caspase-1 inhibition. Mechanistically, Sen A not only suppressed the assembly of both NLRP3 and AIM2 inflammasome but also affected the priming process of NLRP3 inflammasome by blocking NF-κB signaling. Sen A significantly ameliorated the pathophysiological effect in LPS-, MSU- and carrageenan-challenged rodent models by suppressing inflammasome activation. Furthermore, P2X7 was indispensable for Sen A inhibiting NLRP3 inflammasome since it failed to further decrease IL-1ß and IL-18 production in LPS plus ATP-stimulated BMDMs that were transfected with P2X7 siRNA. Sen A also restrained the large pore-forming functionalities of the P2X7R as verified by the YO-PRO-1 uptake assay. Taken together, Sen A inactivates caspase-1 to inhibit NLRP3 and AIM2 inflammasome-involved inflammation in a P2X7-dependent manner, making it an attractive candidate as a caspase-1 small-molecular inhibitor.

5.
EBioMedicine ; 84: 104250, 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36084616

RESUMO

Machine learning models are increasingly adopted for facilitating clinical decision-making. However, recent research has shown that machine learning techniques may result in potential biases when making decisions for people in different subgroups, which can lead to detrimental effects on the health and well-being of specific demographic groups such as vulnerable ethnic minorities. This problem, termed algorithmic bias, has been extensively studied in theoretical machine learning recently. However, the impact of algorithmic bias on medicine and methods to mitigate this bias remain topics of active discussion. This paper presents a comprehensive review of algorithmic fairness in the context of computational medicine, which aims at improving medicine with computational approaches. Specifically, we overview the different types of algorithmic bias, fairness quantification metrics, and bias mitigation methods, and summarize popular software libraries and tools for bias evaluation and mitigation, with the goal of providing reference and insights to researchers and practitioners in computational medicine.

6.
Leuk Res ; 122: 106949, 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36113267

RESUMO

Multiple myeloma (MM) remains an incurable hematologic malignancy due to its frequent drug resistance and relapse. Cluster of Differentiation 47 (CD47) is reported to be highly expressed on MM cells, suggesting that the blockade of CD47 signaling pathway could be a potential therapeutic candidate for MM. In this study, we developed a bortezomib-resistant myeloma patient-derived xenograft (PDX) from an extramedullary pleural effusion myeloma patient sample. Notably, anti-CD47 antibody treatments significantly inhibited tumor growth not only in MM cell line-derived models, including MM.1S and NCI-H929, but also in the bortezomib-resistant MM PDX model. Flow cytometric data showed that anti-CD47 therapy promoted the polarization of tumor-associated macrophages from an M2- to an M1-like phenotype. In addition, anti-CD47 therapy decreased the expression of pro-angiogenic factors, increased the expression of anti-angiogenic factors, and improved tumor vascular function, suggesting that anti-CD47 therapy induces tumor vascular normalization. Taken together, these data show that anti-CD47 antibody therapy reconditions the tumor immune microenvironment and inhibits the tumor growth of bortezomib-resistant myeloma PDX. Our findings suggest that CD47 is a potential new target to treat bortezomib-resistant MM.

7.
World J Emerg Med ; 13(5): 355-360, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36119776

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to establish an effective nomogram to predict the survival of heat stroke (HS) based on risk factors. METHODS: This was a retrospective, observational multicenter cohort study. We analyzed patients diagnosed with HS, who were treated between May 1 and September 30, 2018 at 15 tertiary hospitals from 11 cities in Northern China. RESULTS: Among the 175 patients, 32 patients (18.29%) died before hospital discharge. After the univariate analysis, mechanical ventilation, initial mean arterial pressure <70 mmHg, maximum heart rate, lab results on day 1 (white blood cell count, alanine aminotransferase, creatinine), and Glasgow admission prediction score were included in multivariate analysis. Multivariate Cox regression showed that invasive ventilation, initial mean arterial pressure <70 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), and Glasgow admission prediction score were independent risk factors for HS. The nomogram was established for predicting 7-d and 14-d survival in the training cohort. The nomogram exhibited a concordance index (C-index) of 0.880 (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 0.831-0.930) by bootstrapping validation (B=1,000). Furthermore, the nomogram performed better when predicting 14-d survival, compared to 7-d survival. The prognostic index cut-off value was set at 2.085, according to the operating characteristic curve for overall survival prediction. The model showed good calibration ability in the internal and external validation datasets. CONCLUSION: A novel nomogram, integrated with prognostic factors, was proposed; it was highly predictive of the survival in HS patients.

8.
Elife ; 112022 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36125121

RESUMO

Repressor element 1-silencing transcription factor (REST) is a transcriptional repressor that recognizes neuron-restrictive silencer elements in the mammalian genomes in a tissue- and cell-specific manner. The identity of REST target genes and molecular details of how REST regulates them are emerging. We performed conditional null deletion of Rest (cKO), mainly restricted to murine hair cells (HCs) and auditory neurons (aka spiral ganglion neurons (SGNs)). Null-inactivation of full-length REST did not affect the development of normal HCs and SGNs but manifested as progressive hearing loss in adult mice. We found that the inactivation of REST resulted in an increased abundance of Kv7.4 channels at the transcript, protein, and functional levels. Specifically, we found that SGNs and HCs from Rest cKO mice displayed increased Kv7.4 expression and augmented Kv7 currents; SGN's excitability was also significantly reduced. Administration of a compound with Kv7.4 channel activator activity, fasudil, recapitulated progressive hearing loss in mice. In contrast, inhibition of the Kv7 channels by XE991 rescued the auditory phenotype of Rest cKO mice. Previous studies identified some loss-of-function mutations within the Kv7.4-coding gene, Kcnq4, as a causative factor for progressive hearing loss in mice and humans. Thus, the findings reveal that a critical homeostatic Kv7.4 channel level is required for proper auditory functions.

9.
Front Surg ; 9: 976318, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36117814

RESUMO

Objective: Chronic internal carotid artery occlusion (CICAO) can cause transient ischemic attack (TIA) and ischemic stroke. Carotid artery stenting (CAS) with embolic protection devices and hybrid surgery combining carotid endarterectomy and endovascular treatment are effective methods for carotid revascularization. The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare the effect and safety of the two surgical procedures. Methods: This was a single-center retrospective study. In this study, 44 patients who underwent hybrid surgery and 35 who underwent endovascular intervention (EI) at our center were enrolled consecutively between May 2016 and March 2022. All patients were classified into four groups (A-D), as described by Hasan et al. We recorded and analyzed clinical data, angiographic characteristics, technical success rate, perioperative complications, and follow-up data. Results: There was no significant difference in baseline characteristics between hybrid surgery group and EI group, except for plasma high density lipoproteins (HDL) levels (median [interquartile range]: hybrid surgery, 0.99 [0.88-1.18] vs. EI, 0.85 [0.78-0.98] mmol/L, P = 0.001). The technical success rate of hybrid surgery was higher than that of EI (37/44 [84.1%] vs. 18/35 [51.4%], P = 0.002; type A: 15/16 [93.8%] vs. 10/11 [90.9%], P = 1.000; type B: 9/10 [90.0%] vs. 5/7 [71.4%], P = 0.537; type C: 12/15 [80.0%] vs. 3/12 [25.0%], P = 0.004; type D: 1/3 [33.3%] vs. 0/5 [0%], P = 0.375). No significant difference was observed in the incidence of perioperative complications between the two procedures (hybrid surgery: 7/44 [15.9%] vs. EI: 6/35 [17.1%], P = 0.883). In addition, there were no significant differences in the rates of stroke and restenosis during follow-up. Conclusions: For patients with symptomatic CICAO, hybrid surgery may have an advantage over EI in successfully recanalizing occluded segments. There was no significant difference in safety and restenosis between hybrid surgery and EI.

10.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 962186, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36118202

RESUMO

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in humans and its associated diseases are long-standing problems. HBV can produce a large number of non-self-molecules during its life cycle, which acts as targets for innate immune recognition and initiation. Among these, interferon and its large number of downstream interferon-stimulated gene molecules are important early antiviral factors. However, the development of an effective antiviral immune response is not simple and depends not only on the delicate regulation of the immune response but also on the various mechanisms of virus-related immune escape and immune tolerance. Therefore, despite there being a relatively well-established consensus on the major pathways of the antiviral response and their component molecules, the complete clearance of HBV remains a challenge in both basic and clinical research. Long-noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are generally >200 bp in length and perform different functions in the RNA strand encoding the protein. As an important part of the IFN-inducible genes, interferon-stimulated lncRNAs are involved in the regulation of several HBV infection-related pathways. This review traces the basic elements of such pathways and characterizes the various recent targets of lncRNAs, which not only complement the regulatory mechanisms of pathways related to chronic HBV infection, fibrosis, and cancer promotion but also present with new potential therapeutic targets for controlling HBV infection and the malignant transformation of hepatocytes.

11.
Front Psychol ; 13: 912176, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36118490

RESUMO

Humans can understand thousands of abstract words, even when they do not have clearly perceivable referents. Recent views highlight an important role of social experience in grounding of abstract concepts and sub-kinds of abstract concepts, but empirical work in this area is still in its early stages. In the present study, a picture-word semantic priming paradigm was employed to investigate the contribution effect of social experience that is provided by real-life pictures to social abstract (SA, e.g., friendship, betrayal) concepts and emotional abstract (EA, e.g., happiness, anger) concepts. Using a lexical decision task, we examined responses to picture-SA word pairs (Experiment 1) and picture-EA word pairs (Experiment 2) in social/emotional semantically related and unrelated conditions. All pairs shared either positive or negative valence. The results showed quicker responses to positive SA and EA words that were preceded by related vs. unrelated prime pictures. Specifically, positive SA words were facilitated by the corresponding social scene pictures, whereas positive EA words were facilitated by pictures depict the corresponding facial expressions and gestures. However, such facilitatory effect was not observed in negative picture-SA/EA word conditions. This pattern of results suggests that a facilitatory effect of social experience on abstract concepts varies with different sub-kinds of abstract concepts, that seems to be limited to positive SA concepts. Overall, our findings confirm the crucial role of social experience for abstract concepts and further suggest that not all abstract concepts can benefit from social experience, at least in the semantic priming.

12.
Plant Sci ; 324: 111454, 2022 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36089197

RESUMO

Tubby-like protein (TLP) plays an important role in plant growth and development. In this investigation, the characteristics of 11 members in the SlTLP family were studied. SlTLP genes were classified into two subgroups, and the members containing the F-box domain were renamed SlTLFPs. Subcellular localization indicated that most of the SlTLPs were localized in the nucleus. Expression pattern analysis revealed that eight genes (SlTLFP1, 3, 5, 7-10, and SlTLP11) showed differential expression across various tissues, while SlTLFP2, 4, and 6 were widely expressed in all the organs tested. Most SlTLP genes were induced by biotic and abiotic stress treatments such as Botrytis cinerea, temperature, MeJA, and ABA. TLP proteins in tomato have no transcriptional activation activity, and most members with an F-box domain could interact with SUPPRESSOR OF KINETOCHORE PROTEIN 1 (SlSkp1) or Cullin1 (Cul1) or both. Experiments on CRISPR edited SlTLFP8 showed that the N-terminal F-box domain was necessary for its function such as DNA ploidy and stomata size regulation. Our findings suggested that the F-box domain interacts with Skp1 and Cul1 to form the SCF complex, suggesting that SlTLFPs, at least SlTLFP8, function mainly through the F-box domain as an E3 ligase.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36114310

RESUMO

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a class of highly stable and closed-loop noncoding RNA that are involved in the occurrence and development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, little is known about the therapeutic role of circRNAs in HCC. We found that high circ_0058051 expression was negatively correlated with the prognosis of HCC patients. Circ_0058051 knockdown attenuated the proliferation and colony formation, meanwhile inhibited migration of HCC cells. Circ_0058051 may be used as a target for HCC gene therapy. We synthesized a novel small interfering RNA (siRNA) delivery system, PEG-PCL-PEI-C14-SPIONs (PPPCSs), based on superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs). PPPCSs protected the siRNA of circ_0058051 from degradation in serum and effectively delivered siRNA into SMMC-7721 cells. Meanwhile, intravenous injection of the PPPCSs/siRNA complex could inhibit tumor growth in the subcutaneous tumor model. In addition, the nanocomposite is not toxic to the organs of nude mice. The above results show that PPPCSs/si-circ_0058051 complex may provide a novel and promising method of HCC treatment.

14.
Cancer Sci ; 2022 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36114822

RESUMO

VEGFR2/KDR plays a critical role in tumor growth, diffusion, and invasion. The amino acid sequence homology of KDR between mouse and human in the VEGF ligand-binding domain was low, thus the wild-type mice could not be used to evaluate antibodies against human KDR, and the lack of a suitable mouse model hindered both basic research and drug developments. Using the CRISPR/Cas9 technique, we successfully inserted different fragments of the human KDR CDS into the chromosomal mouse Kdr exon 4 locus to obtain an hKDR humanized mouse that can be used to evaluate the marketed antibody CYRAMZA® (ramucirumab). In addition, the humanized monoclonal antibody VEGFR-HK19 was developed, and a series of comparative assays with ramucirumab as the benchmark revealed that VEGFR-HK19 has higher affinity and superior anti-proliferation activity. Moreover, VEGFR-HK19 selectively inhibited tumor growth in the hKDR mouse model but not in wild-type mice. The most important binding epitopes of VEGFR2-HK19 are D257, L313, and T315, located in the VEGF binding region. Therefore, the VEGFR2-HK19 antibody inhibits tumor growth by blocking VEGF-induced angiogenesis, inflammation, and promoting apoptosis. To our best knowledge, this novel humanized KDR mouse fills the gaps both in an animal model and the suitable in vivo evaluation method for developing anti-angiogenesis therapies in the future, and the newly-established humanized antibody is expected to be a drug candidate possibly benefitting tumor patients.

15.
Int Orthop ; 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36102979

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the effectiveness of TiRobot-assisted kyphoplasty with that of the traditional fluoroscopy-assisted approach in treating multilevel osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we collected data from 71 patients (TiRobot-assisted group, n = 39; fluoroscopy-assisted group, n = 32) with multilevel osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture treated with unilateral traditional TiRobot-assisted or fluoroscopy-assisted percutaneous kyphoplasty. The operative time, infusion volume, length of stay (LOS), hospital expenses, visual analog scale (VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), radiation exposure, puncture deviation, anterior height of diseased vertebrae, local kyphotic angle, bone cement distribution, and bone cement leakage were compared between the TiRobot- and fluoroscopy-assisted groups. RESULTS: Of the 257 treated vertebrae, the average amount of bone cement injected in the TiRobot-assisted (142 vertebrae) and fluoroscopy-assisted (115 vertebrae) groups was 4.6 mL and 4.5 mL, respectively. The VAS score was significantly lower in the TiRobot-assisted group at 24 hours post-operatively (p = 0.006). The X-ray frequency was 34.7 times in the TiRobot-assisted group and 51.7 times in the fluoroscopy-assisted group (p < 0.001). In addition to the operative time, cumulative radiation dose for the surgeon and patient was significantly lower in the TiRobot-assisted group. The hospital expenses of the TiRobot-assisted group were significantly higher (p < 0.001). The puncture deviation and bone cement distribution were better in the TiRobot-assisted group (p < 0.001). Bone cement leakage was found in 18 and 29 cases in the TiRobot- and fluoroscopy-assisted groups, respectively (p = 0.010). One patient in the fluoroscopy-assisted group experienced radiculopathy due to a misplaced puncture but recovered in three months. No radiculopathy was observed in the TiRobot-assisted group. CONCLUSIONS: TiRobot-assisted percutaneous multilevel kyphoplasty is more accurate and has smaller radiometry, a more uniform bone cement distribution, and lower bone cement leakage. This method was therefore accurate and safe.

16.
JAMA Dermatol ; 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36103191
17.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(36): 40633-40644, 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36052606

RESUMO

The combination of various therapeutic modalities has received considerable attention for improving antitumor performance. Herein, an innovative nanohybrid, namely CaO2@FePt-DOX@PDA@CM (CFDPM), was developed for synergistic chemotherapy/chemodynamic therapy/Ca2+ overloading-mediated amplification of tumor oxidative stress and photothermal enhanced cancer therapy. Camouflage of the 4T1 cell membrane enabled CFDPM to escape the immune surveillance and accumulate in the tumor tissue. Ca2+, released from CaO2, could lead to mitochondrial dysfunction and facilitate the production of reactive oxygen species to amplify intracellular oxidative stress. Meanwhile, the increase of H2O2 concentration could enhance the efficiency of the chemodynamic therapy (CDT). Moreover, the hypoxic condition could be alleviated remarkably, which is attributed to the sufficient O2 supply by CaO2, resulting in the suppression of drug resistance and promotion of the chemotherapeutic effect. The nanohybrids involving Ca2+ overloading/CDT/chemotherapy could synergistically amplify the tumor oxidative stresses and remarkably aggravate the death of cancer cells. Significantly, the excellent photothermal conversion performance of CFDPM could further promote the tumoricidal effect. The in vitro and in vivo studies revealed that CFDPM could effectively advance the therapeutic efficiency via the cooperation of various therapeutic modalities to optimize their individual virtue, which would open a valuable avenue for effective cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/patologia , Estresse Oxidativo , Células Oxífilas/metabolismo , Células Oxífilas/patologia , Fototerapia/métodos
18.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(36): 40698-40710, 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36054111

RESUMO

Preventing crystallization is a primary concern when developing amorphous drug formulations. Recently, atomic layer coatings (ALCs) of aluminum oxide demonstrated crystallization inhibition of high drug loading amorphous solid dispersions (ASDs) for over 2 years. The goal of the current study was to probe the breadth and mechanisms of this exciting finding through multiple drug/polymer model systems, as well as particle and coating attributes. The model ASD systems selected provide for a range of hygroscopicity and chemical functional groups, which may contribute to the crystallization inhibition effect of the ALC coatings. Atomic layer coating was performed to apply a 5-25 nm layer of aluminum oxide or zinc oxide onto ASD particles, which imparted enhanced micromeritic properties, namely, reduced agglomeration and improved powder flowability. ASD particles were stored at 40 °C and a selected relative humidity level between 31 and 75%. Crystallization was monitored by X-ray powder diffraction and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) up to 48 weeks. Crystallization was observable by SEM within 1-2 weeks for all uncoated samples. After ALC, crystallization was effectively delayed or completely inhibited in some systems up to 48 weeks. The delay achieved was demonstrated regardless of polymer hygroscopicity, presence or absence of hydroxyl functional groups in drugs and/or polymers, particle size, or coating properties. The crystallization inhibition effect is attributed primarily to decreased surface molecular mobility. ALC has the potential to be a scalable strategy to enhance the physical stability of ASD systems to enable high drug loading and enhanced robustness to temperature or relative humidity excursions.


Assuntos
Óxido de Alumínio , Polímeros , Cristalização , Estabilidade de Medicamentos , Polímeros/química , Pós/química , Solubilidade
19.
Asian J Pharm Sci ; 17(4): 610-611, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36108329

RESUMO

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1016/j.ajps.2013.07.015.].

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