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1.
J Mol Model ; 19(12): 5579-86, 2013 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24257902

RESUMO

The geometrical structures, energetics properties, and aromaticity of C(36-n) Si(n) (n ≤ 18) fullerene-based clusters were studied using density functional theory calculations. The geometries of C(36-n) Si(n) clusters undergo strong structural deformation with the increase of Si substitution. For the most energy favorable structures of C(36-n) Si(n) , the silicon and carbon atoms form two distinct homogeneous segregations. Subsequently, the binding energy, HOMO-LUMO energy gap, vertical ionization potential, vertical electron affinity, and chemical hardness for the energetic favorable C(36-n) Si(n) geometries were computed and analyzed. In addition, the aromatic property of C(36-n) Si(n) cagelike clusters was investigated, and the result demonstrate that these C(36-n) Si(n) cagelike structures possess strong aromaticity.

2.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 14(47): 16476-85, 2012 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23131708

RESUMO

Stimulated by the preparation and characterization of the isolated pentagon rule (IPR) violating chlorofullerene: C(60)Cl(8) (Nat. Mater. 2008, 7, 790-794), we have performed a systematic investigation on the structural stabilities, electronic and optical properties of the IPR-violating C(60)X(8) (X = H, F, and Cl) fullerene compounds via density functional theory. The large energy gaps between the highest occupied and the lowest unoccupied molecular orbitals provide a clear indication of high chemical stabilities of C(60)X(8) derivatives, and moreover, the C(60)X(8) molecules present great aromatic character with the negative nucleus independent chemical shift values. In the addition reactions of C(60) (C(2v)) + 4X(2) → C(60)X(8), a series of exothermic processes are involved, with high reaction energies ranging from -71.97 to -233.16 kcal mol(-1). An investigation on the electronic property shows that C(60)F(8) and C(60)Cl(8) could be excellent electron acceptors as a consequence of large vertical electron affinities. The density of state analysis suggests that the frontier molecular orbitals of C(60)X(8) are mainly from the carbon orbitals of two separate annulene subunits, and the influence from X atoms is secondary. In addition, the ultraviolet-visible spectra and second-order hyperpolarizabilities of C(60)X(8) are calculated by means of time-dependent density functional theory and a finite field approach, respectively. Both the average static linear polarizability <α> and second-order hyperpolarizability <γ> of C(60)X(8) increase greatly compared to those of C(60).

3.
J Comput Chem ; 32(4): 658-67, 2011 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20845421

RESUMO

Stimulated by the recent isolation and characterization of C56Cl10 chlorofullerene (Tan et al., J Am Chem Soc 2008, 130, 15240), we perform a systematic study on the geometrical structures, thermochemistry, and electronic and optical properties of C56X10 (X = H, F, and Cl) on the basis of density functional theory (DFT). Compared with pristine C56, the equatorial carbon atoms in C56X10 are saturated by X atoms and change to sp³ hybridization to release the large local strains. The addition reactions C56 + 5X2 --> C56X10 are highly exothermic, and the optimal temperature for synthesizing C56X10 should be ranged between 500 and 1000 K. By combining 10 X atoms at the abutting pentagon vertexes and active sites, C56Cl10 molecules exhibit large energy gaps between the highest occupied and lowest unoccupied molecular orbitals (from 2.84 to 3.00 eV), showing high chemical stabilities. The C56F10 and C56Cl10 could be excellent electron acceptors for potential photonic/photovoltaic applications in consequence of their large vertical electron affinities. The density of states is also calculated, which suggest that the frontier molecular orbitals of C56X10 are mainly from the carbon orbitals of two separate annulene subunits, and the contributions derived from X atoms are secondary. In addition, the ultraviolet-visible spectra and second-order hyperpolarizabilities of C56X10 are calculated by means of time-dependent DFT and finite field approach, respectively. Both the average static linear polarizability <α> and second-order hyperpolarizability <γ> of these compounds are larger than those of C60 due to lower symmetric structures and high delocalization of π electron density on the two separate annulene subunits.


Assuntos
Fulerenos/química , Elétrons , Modelos Moleculares , Fenômenos Ópticos , Teoria Quântica , Espectrofotometria
4.
J Comput Chem ; 31(14): 2650-7, 2010 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20740565

RESUMO

Electronic structures and nonlinear optical properties of two highly deformed halofullerenes C(3v) C(60)F(18) and D(3d) C(60)Cl(30) have been systematically studied by means of density functional theory. The large energy gaps (3.62 and 2.61 eV) between the highest occupied and lowest unoccupied molecular orbitals (HOMOs and LUMOs) and the strong aromatic character (with nucleus-independent chemical shifts varying from -15.08 to -23.71 ppm) of C(60)F(18) and C(60)Cl(30) indicate their high stabilities. Further investigations of electronic property show that C(60)F(18) and C(60)Cl(30) could be excellent electron acceptors for potential photonic/photovoltaic applications in consequence of their large vertical electron affinities. The density of states and frontier molecular orbitals are also calculated, which present that HOMOs and LUMOs are mainly distributed in the tortoise shell subunit of C(60)F(18) and the aromatic [18] trannulene ring of C(60)Cl(30), and the influence from halogen atoms is secondary. In addition, the static linear polarizability and second-order hyperpolarizability of C(60)F(18) and C(60)Cl(30) are calculated using finite-field approach. The values of and for C(60)F(18) and C(60)Cl(30) molecules are significantly larger than those of C(60) because of their lower symmetric structures and high delocalization of pi electrons.


Assuntos
Elétrons , Fulerenos/química , Óptica e Fotônica , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Teoria Quântica
5.
J Mol Graph Model ; 28(8): 891-8, 2010 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20430661

RESUMO

A systematic study on the geometrical structures and electronic properties of C(68)X(4) (X=H, F, and Cl) fullerene compounds has been carried out on the basis of density functional theory. In all classical C(68)X(4) isomers with two adjacent pentagons and one quasifullerene isomer [C(s):C(68)(f)] containing a heptagon in the framework, the C(s):0064 isomers are most favorable in energy. The addition reaction energies of C(68)X(4) (C(s):0064) are high exothermic, and C(68)F(4) is more thermodynamically accessible. The C(68)X(4) (C(s):0064) possess strong aromatic character, with nucleus independent chemical shifts ranging from -22.0 to -26.1 ppm. Further investigations on electronic properties indicate that C(68)F(4) and C(68)Cl(4) could be excellent electron-acceptors for potential photonic/photovoltaic applications in consequence of their large vertical electron affinities (3.29 and 3.15 eV, respectively). The Mulliken charge populations and partial density of states are also calculated, which show that decorating C(68) fullerene with various X atoms will cause remarkably different charge distributions in C(68)X(4) (C(s):0064) and affect their electronic properties distinctly. Finally, the infrared spectra of the most stable C(68)X(4) (C(s):0064) molecules are simulated to assist further experimental characterization.


Assuntos
Fulerenos/química , Modelos Moleculares , Algoritmos , Eletroquímica , Estrutura Molecular , Termodinâmica
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