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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31424628

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine the impact of the pre- and post-minimal residual disease (MRD) status as well as the peri-transplant MRD kinetics on clinical outcomes in pediatric ALL patients who received haploidentical allografts. METHODS: A retrospective study (n = 166) was performed. MRD was determined using multiparameter flow cytometry. RESULTS: Pediatric ALL patients with pre-MRDneg had a lower cumulative incidences of relapse (CIR) compared to those with pre-MRDpos (19.7% vs. 41.2%, P = 0.009). Compared to post-MRDneg group, patients with post-MRDpos experienced higher CIR (81.0% vs. 15.9%, P < 0.001), inferior LFS (14.3% vs. 66.9%, P < 0.001) and OS (19.1% vs. 66.9%, P < 0.001). In regard to peri-MRD kinetics, compared with the MRD-decreasing group and MRDneg/MRDneg group, MRD-increasing group had higher CIR, lower probabilities of LFS and OS (P < 0.001). Compared to pre-MRDneg/post-MRDneg group, a higher CIR was found in the pre-MRDpos/post-MRDpos group (66.7% vs. 12.5%, P < 0.001), pre-MRDpos/post-MRDneg group (32.0% vs. 12.5%, P = 0.016), and pre-MRDneg/post-MRDpos group (91.7% vs. 12.5%, P < 0.001). A lower incidence of LFS and OS were found in pre-MRDpos/post-MRDpos group and pre-MRDneg/post-MRDpos group than in pre-MRDneg/post-MRDneg group (P < 0.05). Multivariate analyses confirmed the association of pre-MRD status, post-MRD status, and peri-MRD kinetics with outcomes (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that, in the pediatric ALL subgroup, not only pre-MRD status or post-MRD status but also peri-SCT MRD dynamics, were associated with an increased CIR after haploidentical allografts. Patients are put into different risk group based on MRD kinetics versus single time MRD status. © 2019 International Clinical Cytometry Society.

2.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 25(8): 1629-1636, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31048087

RESUMO

Immune-mediated neuropathies (IMNs) following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation have been described recently, which, excluding Guillain-Barré syndrome and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, may present with atypical patterns. This retrospective, nested, case-control study reviewed data from 3858 patients who received haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) during the past 10 years at a single center, and 40 patients (1.04%) with IMN following haplo-HSCT were identified. Chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) (P = .043) and cytomegalovirus (CMV) viremia (P = .035) were recognized as independent risk factors for the development of IMN after haplo-HSCT. There were no significant differences in overall survival (P = .619), disease-free survival (P = .609), nonrelapse mortality (P = .87), or the incidence of relapse (P = .583) between patients with and without IMN after haplo-HSCT. However, patients with post-transplant IMN were at higher risk of developing cGVHD (P = .012) than patients who did not develop IMN. Twenty-four of the 40 patients with IMN (60%) attained neurologic improvement after treatments including vitamins B1 and B12 and/or immunomodulatory agents. However, 19 (47.5%) patients still had persistent motor/sensory deficits despite receiving timely treatment. More studies are needed to help develop standardized diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for patients with post-transplant IMN.

6.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 54(10): 1694-1700, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30903023

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of severe cardiac complications and to assess the ability of various factors to predict these complications in severe aplastic anaemia (SAA) patients after haploidentical transplantation. A retrospective study was conducted in 216 consecutive SAA patients who underwent haploidentical transplantation from 2006 to 2017. All patients received a unified regimen including busulfan, cyclophosphamide (CTX) and antithymocyte globulin at a single centre. A total of 12 (5.6%) patients developed grade III or IV cardiac toxicity. Patients with cardiotoxicity had significantly poorer overall survival (OS) than did those without cardiotoxicity (12.5 vs. 89.6%, P < 0.001). A multivariable model identified four independent adverse predictors of severe cardiotoxicity: pre-transplant ECOG score ( ≥ 2), abnormal ST-T wave on 12-lead ECG, hyperlipaemia and recalculated CTX dose ( ≥ 1.8 g/m2/d). The incidences of severe cardiotoxicity were 50.0%, 6.0% and 1.3% in the high- (3-4 factors), intermediate- (2 factors) and low-risk (0-1 factor) groups, respectively (P < 0.001). The corresponding OS rates were 49.0%, 80.4% and 90.3%, respectively (P < 0.001), at final follow-up. Therefore, patients with high-risk scores had the poorest outcomes and should be monitored closely. Reduced intensity conditioning might be recommended for these patients.

7.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 54(9): 1462-1470, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30710101

RESUMO

Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) patients with fetal liver tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) internal tandem duplications (ITDs) have poor prognoses if treated with chemotherapy only, primarily as they experience increased relapse rates. To determine whether this alteration also affects outcomes after haploidentical donor (HID) allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), we compared 334 consecutive FLT3-ITD-positive vs -negative patients with AML (other than acute promyelocytic leukemia) who underwent HID-HSCT. FLT3-ITD was detected in 39 of 334 patients (11.7%). The 2-year relapse rates for FLT3-ITD-positive and -negative patients were 16% and 17%, respectively (P = 0.774). The 3-year disease-free survival (DFS) rates for FLT3-ITD-positive and -negative patients were 74% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 64-81) and 73% (95% CI: 70-81), respectively; P = 0.872); while the 3-year overall survival (OS) rates were 72% (95% CI: 67-81) and 77% (95% CI: 72-84), respectively (P = 0.862). FLT3-ITD mutation had no influence on non-relapse mortality (NRM 15% vs 14%, P = 0.463). Multivariate analyses showed that disease status at HSCT and white blood cell count at diagnosis were independent risk factors associated with relapse, DFS, and OS. In conclusion, FLT3 mutation status has no impact on outcomes after HID-HSCT in patients with AML. HID-HSCT is therefore a valid option for AML patients with FLT3-ITD mutation.

8.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 25(6): 1210-1217, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30708190

RESUMO

Haploidentical transplantations have achieved comparable survival as HLA fully matched unrelated donors (URDs). When choosing the best donor for HLA haploidentical transplantations, most institutions prioritize using young male donors over mother donors. In a retrospective study we compared outcomes in mother donor and URD transplantations. We found that both 2-year overall survival and 2-year leukemia-free survival were comparable between the mother donor group and URD group (74.8% versus 72.9%, P = .937, and 71.7% versus 67.0%, P = .580, respectively). Higher incidences of grades II to IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and chronic GVHD were observed in the mother donor group than in the URD group (43.5% versus 14.0%, P = .001, and 62.2% versus 38.7%, P = .007, respectively). The 2-year cumulative incidences of relapse were significantly decreased in the mother donor group (7.6% versus 20.9%, P = .036). These findings suggest mother donor transplantations could achieve comparable survival with URD transplantations and exhibited decreased rates of relapse but increased rates of GVHD, indicating that mother donors would be a suitable choice for patients without an identical sibling donor.

9.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 54(8): 1287-1294, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30655602

RESUMO

Donor-specific anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies (DSAs) were associated with graft failure (GF) following haploidentical stem cell transplantation (Haplo-HSCT). The prevalence and risk factors of DSAs in pediatric candidates remain to be determined. In a prospective trial (ChiCTR-OPC-15006672), 486 children with hematological diseases were enrolled to screen for the presence of anti-HLA class I and II antibodies of immunoglobulin G type. Fifty two patients (10.7%) demonstrated positive panel-reactive antibody (PRA) for class I; 24 (4.9%), for class II; and 13 (2.7%), for both. Multivariate analysis showed diagnosis was the independent risk factor for antibodies, as acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients (HR0.141, 95% CI: 0.037-0.538, p = 0.004) had a lower incidence of class II PRAs and DSAs against HLA-B, DQ, and DR, whereas myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients had a higher incidence of PRAs for both class I and class II (HR4.790, 95% CI: 1.010-22.716, p = 0.049), and DSAs against HLA-A, B, C, DP, and DQ. Older age (>12 vs. ≤12) was associated with DSAs against HLA-DP (HR0.194, 95% CI: 0.041-0.918, p = 0.039). Our findings provided novel evidence for prevalence and risk factors for PRAs and DSAs in pediatric candidates receiving haplo-HSCT, possibly benefiting anti-HLA antibody monitoring and donor selection.

10.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 131(23): 2808-2816, 2018 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30511683

RESUMO

Background: Several studies have shown that detection of minimal residual disease (MRD) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is an independent prognostic factor. This study aimed to evaluate the significance of dynamic MRD pretransplantation on outcome of AML patients receiving allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 145 consecutive AML patients undergoing allo-HSCT in complete remission status between June 2013 and June 2016. MRD was determined with multiparameter flow cytometry after the first and second courses of chemotherapy and pre-HSCT. Results: In matched sibling donor transplantation (MSDT) settings, patients with positive MRD had higher cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) than those without MRD after the first (32.3 ± 9.7% vs. 7.7 ± 3.1%, χ2 = 3.661, P = 0.055) or second course of chemotherapy (57.1 ± 3.6% vs. 12.5 ± 2.7%, χ2 = 8.759, P = 0.003) or pre-HSCT (50.0 ± 9.7% vs. 23.0 ± 3.2%, χ2 = 5.547, P = 0.019). In haploidentical SCT (haplo-SCT) settings, the MRD status at those timepoints had no significant impact on clinical outcomes. However, patients with persistent positive MRD from chemotherapy to pre-HSCT had higher CIR than those without persistent positive MRD both in MSDT and haplo-SCT settings. Patients with persistent positive MRD underwent MSDT had the highest relapse incidence, followed by those with persistent positive MRD underwent haplo-SCT, those without persistent MRD underwent haplo-SCT, and those without persistent MRD underwent MSDT (66.7 ± 9.2% vs. 38.5 ± 6.0% vs. 18.8 ± 8.7% vs. 12.0 ± 1.0%, χ2 = 20.763, P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that persistent positive MRD before transplantation was associated with higher CIR (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.69, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.200-2.382, P = 0.003), worse leukemia-free survival (HR = 1.812, 95% CI: 1.168-2.812, P = 0.008), and overall survival (HR = 2.354, 95% CI: 1.528-3.627, P < 0.001). Conclusion: Our results suggest that persistent positive MRD before transplantation, rather than positive MRD at single timepoint, could predict poor outcome both in MSDT and haplo-SCT settings.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30518981

RESUMO

This study investigated the prognostic factors in patients (n = 89) who experienced relapse and received chemotherapy plus donor leukocyte infusion (Chemo-DLI) after haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT). Patients with early relapse (< 6 vs. > 6 months after haplo-HSCT), higher bone marrow blast count before chemo-DLI (> 20% vs. 5-19%), and without chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) after chemo-DLI had a higher rate of progressive disease (PD) and worse progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). In multivariate analysis, non-cGVHD after Chemo-DLI and high blast count predicted a higher risk of PD and poorer PFS, and non-cGVHD after Chemo-DLI and early relapse predicted poorer OS. The patients were stratified into three groups according to these three risk factors. Patients with all three risk factors (n = 14) had the highest PD rate and poorest survival compared with those with one or two risk factors (n = 63) or no risk factors (n = 12). Thus, early relapse, high leukemia burden before Chemo-DLI, and non-cGVHD after Chemo-DLI can predict outcomes in patients who have experienced relapse and received Chemo-DLI after haplo-HSCT. New therapeutic strategies should be identified for these patients.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30481596

RESUMO

This long-term follow-up study evaluated the effects of corticosteroid prophylaxis on GVHD-free, relapse-free survival (GRFS) based on a controlled open-label randomized trial in which 228 allotransplant recipients were categorized as low-risk (N = 83, group A) or high-risk; patients at high-risk were randomly assigned to receive (N = 72, group B) or not receive (N = 73, group C) low-dose methylprednisolone prophylaxis. The cumulative incidences of chronic GVHD, relapse, NRM, LFS, OS, and GRFS were 60%, 19%, 16%, 68%, 73%, and 46%, respectively, in the total cases. Compared with the patients in group C, the cases in group B experienced a lower cumulative incidence of moderate to severe chronic GVHD (42% vs. 20%; P=0.010), herpes zoster infection (28% vs. 12%; P=0.010), pulmonary infections (42% vs. 21%; P=0.040), and osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH, 16% vs. 6%; P=0.045) as well as better GRFS (59% vs. 33%; P=0.017). Factors associated with GRFS included total dose of corticosteroid used in the first 100 days after transplantation (HR, 1.547; P = 0.015) and platelet recovery (HR, 1.456; P = 0.037). Our results suggest that low-dose glucocorticoid prophylaxis reduces GVHD and thus reduces the total dose of steroids, which might contribute to lower incidence of infections and ONFH, as well as a superior GRFS, indicating that higher steroid doses are harmful- reducing the total dose is of course beneficial. (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01607580).

13.
Clin Cancer Res ; 2018 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30478089

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Although myeloablative human leukocyte antigen (HLA) haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) following pretransplant ATG and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) stimulated grafts (ATG+G-CSF) has been confirmed as an alternative to HSCT from HLA-matched sibling donors(MSDs), the effect of haplo-HSCT on postremission treatment of patients with AML with intermediate risk (int-risk AML) who achieved first complete remission (CR1) has not been defined. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: In this prospective trial, among 443 consecutive patients aged 16-60 years with newly diagnosed de novo AML with int-risk cytogenetics, 147 patients with molecular int-risk AML who achieved CR1 within two courses of induction and remained in CR1 at 4 months postremission either received chemotherapy (n=69) or underwent haplo-HSCT (n=78). RESULTS: The 3-year leukemia-free survival (LFS) and overall survival (OS) were significantly higher in the haplo-HSCT group than in the chemotherapy group (74.3% vs 47.3%, P=0.0004 and 80.8% vs 53.5%, P=0.0001, respectively). In the multivariate analysis with propensity score adjustment, postremission treatment (haplo-HSCT vs chemotherapy) was an independent risk factor affecting the LFS (HR 0.360, 95% CI 0.163-0.793, P=0.011), OS (HR 0.361, 95% CI 0.156-0.832, P=0.017) and cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR; HR 0.161, 95% CI 0.057-0.459, P=0.001) either in entire cohort or stratified by minimal residual disease after the second consolidation. CONCLUSIONS: Myeloablative haplo-HSCT with ATG+G-CSF is superior to chemotherapy as a postremission treatment in patients with int-risk AML during CR1. Haplo-HSCT might be a first-line postremission therapy for int-risk AML in the absence of MSDs.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30485788

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence and severity of chemotherapy plus donor lymphocyte infusion (Chemo-DLI) associated chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) in a consecutive cohort of patients with acute leukemia who experienced relapse after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT; n = 104). The 5-year cumulative incidence of complete remission (CR) after Chemo-DLI was 81.0% (95% CI, 73.3-88.7%) and 84.6% (95% CI, 74.5-94.7%) in the moderate and severe cGVHD groups, respectively, which was significantly higher than that of the mild cGVHD 40.9% (95% CI, 29.3-52.5%) and non-cGVHD groups 29.2% (95% CI 23.1-35.3%). The cumulative incidence of non-relapse mortality was comparable between patients with and without cGVHD. The 5-year probabilities of progression-free survival after Chemo-DLI were 42.9% (95% CI, 26.2-70.2%) and 34.6% (95% CI, 15.3-78.2%) in moderate and severe cGVHD groups, respectively, which were both significantly higher than those of mild cGVHD 9.1% (95% CI, 2.4-34.1%) and non-cGVHD groups 8.3% (95% CI 3.3-21.3%). The 5-year probabilities of overall survival after Chemo-DLI were 56.7% (95% CI, 38.9-82.7%) and 43.1% (95% CI, 22.1-84.0%), in moderate and severe cGVHD groups, respectively, which were both significantly higher than those of the mild cGVHD 9.1% (95% CI 1.8-47.1%) and non-cGVHD groups 14.9% (95% CI, 7.3-30.2%). Our observations highlight the close relation between cGVHD and immune-mediated graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effect in patients with relapse receiving Chemo-DLI; however, mild cGVHD may not be associated with a sufficiently strong GVL effect to induce remission and improve survival.

15.
Clin Infect Dis ; 67(suppl_2): S162-S173, 2018 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30423054

RESUMO

Background: Bloodstream infection (BSI) is a common and serious complication after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). An investigation of the characteristics of pre-engraftment BSI after haploidentical HSCT compared with human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-identical sibling HSCT has not been conducted. Methods: A single-center cohort representing 1847 consecutive patients undergoing haploidentical or HLA-identical sibling HSCT from 2013 to 2016 was selected. We investigated the characteristics of pre-engraftment BSI after haploidentical HSCT and its impact on patient outcome, and we compared it with HLA-identical sibling HSCT. Results: After haploidentical HSCT, the cumulative incidence of pre-engraftment BSI was higher (30-day: 9.2% [7.6, 10.8] vs 1.7% [0.5, 2.9], P < .0001) and median onset of BSI was earlier (day +3 vs day +9, P = .001) than HLA-identical sibling HSCT. Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and coagulase-negative staphylococci were the most common isolates after haploidentical HSCT. However, Enterococcus faecium was the most common isolate after HLA-identical sibling HSCT. A multivariate analysis suggested that variables associated with BSI after haploidentical HSCT included a diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), an interval from diagnosis to HSCT ≥190 days, carbapenem therapy, and grade 3-4 intestinal mucositis. The same variables, except MDS, were also associated with BSI after HLA-identical sibling HSCT. The multivariate analysis also suggested that BSI was a risk factor for increased all-cause mortality at 3 months after haploidentical HSCT (hazard ratio = 2.281; 95% confidence interval: 1.334, 3.900; P = .003). Conclusions: Pre-engraftment BSI was more common after haploidentical HSCT than HLA-identical sibling HSCT. It was an independent factor associated with increased all-cause mortality at 3 months after haploidentical HSCT.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30127465

RESUMO

A retrospective study (n = 460) was performed to assess the relationship between minimal residual disease (MRD) and transplant outcomes in a haplo-stem cell transplantation (SCT) setting. Patients from the pre-MRDneg group and the pre-MRDpos group had comparable outcomes. Compared to post-MRDneg patients, post-MRDpos patients had a higher incidence of relapse (100.0% vs. 8.3%, p < 0.001), lower incidences of overall survival (OS) (16.9% vs. 78.2%, p < 0.001) and leukemia-free survival (LFS) (0% vs. 76.5%, p < 0.001), and comparable probability of NRM (13.4% vs. 16.9%, p = 0.560). In a second set of analyses, all adult AML patients undergoing haplo-SCT were classified into the MRDneg/MRDneg group, the MRD decreasing group, and the MRD increasing group according to MRD dynamics by flow cytometry peri-SCT. Compared to the other two groups, patients from the MRD increasing group had higher cumulative incidences of relapse (MRD increasing, 100.0%; MRDneg/MRDneg, 9.6%; MRD decreasing, 19.2%; p < 0.001) and worse probabilities of OS (MRD increasing, 28.5%; MRDneg/MRDneg, 76.3%; MRD decreasing, 76.0%; p < 0.001) and LFS (MRD increasing, 0.0%; MRDneg/MRDneg, 73.9%; MRD decreasing, 74.0%; p < 0.001). The results indicated that haploidentical allografts might have a beneficial anti-leukemia effect in eradicating pretransplantation MRD, and MRD assessment peri-SCT is useful for risk stratification from a practical perspective.

17.
Hum Immunol ; 79(9): 672-677, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29890181

RESUMO

We investigated the prevalence of and risk factors for antibodies to HLA in 1663 haploidentical transplant candidates. Among these cases, 349 (21.0%) showed positive panel-reactive antibody (PRA) either for class I or class II HLA. Multivariate analysis showed the following: i) risk factors associated with the prevalence of PRA either for class I or class II HLA were female gender (P = 0.018), prior transfusions (P < 0.001) or pregnancy (P < 0.001), and cases with MDS (P = 0.018); compared to other patients, subjects with ALL had a lower prevalence of class I antibodies (P = 0.017); and ii) risk factors associated with the prevalence of PRA both for class I and class II HLA were female gender (P = 0.014), prior transfusions (P = 0.003), previous pregnancy (P < 0.001), and diagnosis with MDS (P = 0.035). The percentages of antibodies against different antigens coded by the different HLA loci, including HLA-A, -B, -C, -DP, -DQ, and -DR, among all cases were 15.6%, 17.3%, 10.5%, 5.6%, 8.5%, and 9.7%, respectively. Risk factors associated with specific antibodies against HLA-A, -B, -C, -DP, -DQ, and -DR were female gender, prior transfusion, previous pregnancy, and underlying disease. Our findings suggest that gender, prior pregnancy, transfusion and underlying diseases are risk factors for HLA sensitization, which could guide HLA antibody monitor and donor selection.

19.
Ann Hematol ; 97(8): 1399-1406, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29568992

RESUMO

Haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplant (haplo-HSCT) is an upfront and effective therapy for hematology patients, but it usually has many complications, such as neurological complications. As one of the neurological complications following haplo-HSCT, immune-mediated demyelinating diseases of the central nervous system (CNS) seriously affect a patient's quality of life. However, the incidence, risk factors, and pathogenesis of CNS demyelination are not very well understood. Thirty of the 1526 patients (1.96%) suffered from CNS demyelination. In univariate analysis, we found that blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability and the CSF IgG synthesis index (IgG-Syn) were related to the occurrence of CNS demyelination (p < 0.05). In a multivariate analysis, the IgG-Syn (OR = 1.017, 95% CI 1.003-1.031, p = 0.019) and CSF anti-myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibody (MOG.Ab) (OR = 12.059, 95% CI 1.141-127.458, p = 0.038) were independently associated with the onset of CNS demyelination. We also studied the possible pathogenesis of CNS demyelination. Immune reconstitution (the cell proportions of CD19+ B cells, CD3+ T cells, and CD4+ T cells); the counts of leucocytes, lymphocytes, monocytes, and platelets; and the levels of immunoglobulins A, G, and M 30, 60, and 90 days after HSCT showed no significant differences between CNS demyelination and no demyelination (p > 0.05). The probabilities of overall survival showed no significant differences between patients with and without demyelination (p > 0.05). Only four deaths in 30 patients, but bringing projected survival to less than 20%.We imply that IgG-Syn and CSF MOG. Ab may be associated with the onset of CNS demyelination during 2 weeks of neurological symptoms in patients with brain or spinal cord MRI abnormality. Immune reconstitution may not be the pathogenesis of CNS demyelination.


Assuntos
Formação de Anticorpos/imunologia , Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Doenças Desmielinizantes/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Doenças Desmielinizantes/imunologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Glicoproteína Mielina-Oligodendrócito/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Autoanticorpos/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Criança , Doenças Desmielinizantes/mortalidade , Doenças Desmielinizantes/terapia , Feminino , Haplótipos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Irmãos , Transplante Homólogo , Adulto Jovem
20.
Ann Hematol ; 97(7): 1209-1217, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29532160

RESUMO

We aimed to evaluate the treatments, particularly the role of corticosteroids, in patients with late-onset hemorrhagic cystitis (LOHC) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). One hundred and sixty-three consecutive patients who underwent non-T-cell-depleted allo-HSCT and met the criterion of LOHC after allo-HSCT were enrolled in this study. The median time from allo-HSCT to the occurrence of LOHC was 29 (range, 4-155) days. Pathogens identified in blood and/or urine samples from 143 patients were mostly viruses. All of the patients with LOHC received intravenous fluid hydration, alkalization, and forced diuresis, of which 2 patients achieved complete remission (CR) after these treatments. The remaining 161 patients received anti-infection therapies and 71 achieved CR after the therapies. Corticosteroids were additionally applied to 83 out of 90 patients who did not achieve CR after anti-infection therapies, and 88.0% (n = 73) of them showed a grade 3 to 4 LOHC at the beginning of corticosteroid therapy. Thirty-five patients showed an immediate response (CR or downgraded at least one grade) within 1 week after the beginning of the corticosteroid therapy. Sixty-four patients (77.1%) achieved CR after corticosteroid therapy, and the median period from the beginning of corticosteroid therapy to CR was 17 days. Thus, we observed that viruses were the most common pathogens in LOHC after allo-HSCT and that anti-infection therapies were critical. For patients not showing a satisfactory response to anti-infection therapies, additional corticosteroid therapy may help to achieve CR.


Assuntos
Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Cistite/tratamento farmacológico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Hematúria/tratamento farmacológico , Viroses/complicações , Doença Aguda , Adolescente , Adulto , Aloenxertos , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Criança , Terapia Combinada , Cistite/etiologia , Diuréticos/uso terapêutico , Avaliação de Medicamentos , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Hidratação , Doenças Hematológicas/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Hematúria/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/efeitos adversos , Viroses/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto Jovem
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