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1.
Microbiol Resour Announc ; 8(47)2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31753945

RESUMO

Newcastle disease virus strain D4 was isolated from healthy ducks in Hubei, China. The D4 isolate has a genome length of 15,186 nucleotides and is classified as genotype I of class II. Thermostability and pathogenicity tests demonstrate that D4 is a thermostable avirulent strain.

2.
Metab Brain Dis ; 34(2): 431-442, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30554399

RESUMO

Fucoxanthin (FX), a natural carotenoid abundant in edible brown seaweeds, has been shown the great anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-diabetic effects in vivo and in vitro. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of FX on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced behavioral defects in mice. In depressive behavior tests, the increased immobility time of forced swimming test and tail suspension test by LPS treatment in mice, which were significantly reversed by FX treatment (200 mg/kg, i.g.). In anxiety behavior tests, LPS injection was neither influence the anxiety-related parameters in marble burying test nor that in elevated plus maze test. Interestingly, anxiolytic effects were observed in single FX treated control and LPS-induced mice groups. FX treatment also reversed LPS-induced body weight loss and food intake decreases. Biochemical analysis indicated that FX inhibited LPS-induced overexpression of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α), as well as iNOS and COX-2 in the hippocampus, frontal cortex and hypothalamus, via the modulation of AMPK-NF-κB signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Comportamento Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Depressão/prevenção & controle , Atividade Motora/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Xantofilas/farmacologia , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Animais , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Citocinas/efeitos dos fármacos , Citocinas/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , NF-kappa B/metabolismo
3.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 16(1): 105, 2018 Dec 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30594254

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute lung injury (ALI) is a life-threatening clinical syndrome without effective treatment. Targeting delivery of glucocorticoid to lung shows potential efficacy for ALI based on their anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrotic properties, breaking through their clinical application limitation due to systemic side effects. This work was aimed to establish lung-targeted dexamethasone (DEX) loaded nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs) with opposite surface charge and investigate their therapeutic effects on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI mice. RESULTS: The diameter of anionic anti-intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (anti-ICAM-1) antibody-conjugated DEX-loaded NLCs (ICAM/DEX/NLCs) and the cationic ones with octadecylamine (ODA) modification (ICAM/DEX/ODA-NLCs) was about 249.9 and 235.9 nm. The zeta potential of ICAM/DEX/NLCs and ICAM/DEX/ODA-NLCs was about - 30.3 and 37.4 mV, respectively. Relative to the non-targeted control and ICAM/DEX/ODA-NLCs, ICAM/DEX/NLCs exhibited higher in vitro cellular uptake in LPS-activated human vascular endothelial cell line EAhy926 after CAM-mediated endocytosis, and stronger in vivo pulmonary distribution in the ALI model mice. In vivo i.v. administration of ICAM/DEX/NLCs significantly attenuated pulmonary inflammatory cells infiltration, and the production of pro-inflammatory cytokine TNF-α and IL-6 in ALI mice. H&E stain also revealed positive histological improvements by ICAM/DEX/NLCs. CONCLUSIONS: ICAM/DEX/NLCs may represent a potential pulmonary endothelium targeted device, which facilitate translation of DEX into clinical ALI treatment.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/terapia , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/química , Nanopartículas/química , Animais , Anticorpos/imunologia , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Preparações de Ação Retardada/química , Dexametasona/química , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Humanos , Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular/imunologia , Pulmão/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Tamanho da Partícula , Transdução de Sinais , Propriedades de Superfície
4.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 44(1): 401-411, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29132129

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: To explore the protective effect of curcumin on renal ischemia-reperfusion injury (RIRI) in rats, and its influence on nephridial tissue's NO and cGMP levels as well as downstream signaling pathway, to elucidate the possible mechanism of curcumin on RIRI. METHODS: 36 Sprague Dawley rats (SD rats) were randomly divided into Sham group, Model group, curcumin (CUR +) Model group, 12 rats per group. They were all given RIRI model preparation by unilateral artery occlusion method. All groups' ß2-MG in urine in 24h, serum Cr and BUN were compared, and UAER were calculated. Nitric oxide synthase (NOS), cGMP-dependent protein kinase (PKG), Caspase-3 expression were all determined by western blot. Nitric oxide (NO), NOS and cGMP levels were also examined by using ELISA. All groups' nephridial histomorphology and kidney tubules score were evaluated and compared. RESULTS: ß2-MG and UAER in urine, serum Cr and BUN, in renal tissue were all elevated in Model of RIRI, indicating the success of animal model of RIRI establishment, and above index in CUR + Model group were all lower than those in Model group. Furthermore, iNOS, NO, cGMP, PKG and Caspase-3 in renal tissue were all increased in Model of RIRI, indicating the NO signaling pathway was activated, which is one of the pathogenesis of RIRI, and above index in CUR + Model group were all lower than those in Model group, suggesting that inactivation of iNOS/NO/cGMP/PKG signaling pathway is one of the reasons that explain the protective effect of curcumin in RIRI. CONCLUSION: The activation of iNOS/NO/cGMP/PKG signaling pathway and the consequent promoted apoptosis of renal tubules are significantly involved in the pathogenesis of development of RIRI, and curcumin treatment could protect renal tubules against RIRI, at least partially, by suppressing the activated iNOS/NO/cGMP/PKG signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Curcumina/farmacologia , Túbulos Renais/efeitos dos fármacos , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Nitrogênio da Ureia Sanguínea , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Creatinina/sangue , GMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Túbulos Renais/metabolismo , Túbulos Renais/patologia , Masculino , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/genética , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/metabolismo , Fosfoglicerato Quinase/genética , Fosfoglicerato Quinase/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/patologia , Microglobulina beta-2/urina
5.
Oncotarget ; 8(15): 25552-25563, 2017 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28424423

RESUMO

The antidepressant-like effect of trans-astaxanthin, a compound present rich in algae, was evaluated through behavioral and neurochemical methods. Results showed that trans-astaxanthin treatment significantly decreased the immobility time in force swim test and tail suspension test, but did not influence locomotor activity. Trans-astaxanthin treatment did not effectively antagonize hypothermia and ptosis induced by reserpine. However, pre-treatment with para-chlorophenylalanine abolished the anti-immobility effect of trans-astaxanthin in force swim and tail suspension test. These results suggested that the mechanism of antidepressant-like effect of trans-astaxanthin may involve the serotonergic system, but not noradrenaline system. This hypothesis was confirmed by neurochemical assays which showed that trans-astaxanthin increased serotonin levels in the hippocampus, frontal cortex, striatum and hypothalamus. Furthermore, our data suggested that trans-astaxanthin decreased indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase activity in the hippocampus, frontal cortex and hypothalamus. Inhibition of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase activity subsequently decreased the kynurenine/tryptophan ratio and increased the serotonin/tryptophan ratio in these brain regions. Taken together, these findings indicate that the antidepressant-like effect of trans-astaxanthin involves the serotonergic system.


Assuntos
Antidepressivos/farmacologia , Atividade Motora/efeitos dos fármacos , Neurônios Serotoninérgicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Neurônios Serotoninérgicos/metabolismo , Serotonina/metabolismo , Animais , Comportamento Animal , Monoaminas Biogênicas/metabolismo , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Ativação Enzimática/efeitos dos fármacos , Expressão Gênica , Indolamina-Pirrol 2,3,-Dioxigenase/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Monoaminoxidase/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Triptofano/metabolismo , Xantofilas/farmacologia
6.
Metab Brain Dis ; 31(5): 1011-21, 2016 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27209403

RESUMO

Major depressive disorder (MDD) involves a series of pathological changes including the inflammation and increased cytokine levels. Fisetin, a natural flavonoid, has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant, and also has been shown in our previous studies to exert anti-depressant-like properties. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of fisetin on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced depressive-like behavior and inflammation in mice. The results suggested that the immobility time in the forced swimming test (FST) and tail suspension test (TST) were increased at 6 h, 12 h and 24 h after LPS injection (0.83 mg/kg). However, only the group of 24 h treatment did not show any effect on locomotion counts. Pretreatment with fisetin at doses of 20, 40 and 80 mg/kg (p.o.) for 7 days reversed LPS-induced alterations of the immobility time in both of these two tests. Further neurochemical assays suggested that pretreatment with fisetin reversed LPS-induced overexpression of pro-inflammatory cytokine (IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α) in the hippocampus and the prefrontal cortex (PFC). Moreover, higher dose of fisetin effectively antagonized iNOS mRNA expression and nitrite levels via the modulation of NF-κB in the hippocampus and PFC. Taken together, fisetin may be an effective therapeutic agent for LPS-induced depressive-like behaviors, which is due to its anti-inflammatory property.


Assuntos
Depressão/tratamento farmacológico , Depressão/metabolismo , Flavonoides/uso terapêutico , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Depressão/induzido quimicamente , Depressão/psicologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Elevação dos Membros Posteriores/métodos , Elevação dos Membros Posteriores/psicologia , Mediadores da Inflamação/antagonistas & inibidores , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Atividade Motora/efeitos dos fármacos , Atividade Motora/fisiologia , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/antagonistas & inibidores , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Natação/psicologia , Resultado do Tratamento
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