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1.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(3): 433-439, 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814410

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the relationships between hyperuricemia and the incidence risk for cardiometabolic abnormity in children. Methods: Data were obtained from School-based Cardiovascular and Bone Health Promotion Program. In 2017, a total of 15 391 children aged 6-16 years in Beijing were selected through stratified cluster sampling at baseline survey. Follow-up investigation was conducted in 2019. Logistic regression model was used to analyze the relationships of uric acid quartiles and change in uric acid levels with incidence risks for cardiometabolic abnormity (hypertension, hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia). Results: A total of 8 807 children (4 376 boys, 4 431 girls) were included in the analysis, the average age of the children was (11.1±3.3) years at baseline survey. The adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of incidence risk for hypertension in the third and fourth quartiles of the UA were 1.39 (1.11-1.75) and 1.56 (1.19-1.81), respectively. The ORs and 95% CIs of risk for high LDL-C in the second, third and fourth quartiles were 1.88 (1.16-3.05),1.98 (1.23-3.17) and 2.25 (1.42-3.57). The uric acid level increased by one standard deviation, the risk increased by 17% for hypertension and 27% for high LDL-C. The uric acid level increased by 10 µmol/L, the risk increased by 2.1% for hypertension and 2.9% for high LDL-C. The gender-stratified analysis showed that the similar results. The ORs and 95% CIs were 1.32 (1.09-1.60) and 1.50 (1.05-2.16) for hypertension, 1.90 (1.38-2.60) and 2.96 (1.58-5.52) for high TC, 1.78 (1.26-2.51) and 2.84 (1.60-5.03) for high LDL-C in the groups of newly diagnosed hyperuricemia and persistent hyperuricemia. Conclusions: Higher uric acid level was associated with increased incidence risks for hypertension, abnormal TC and LDL-C. Maintaining optimal uric acid level by children might contribute to the early prevention of cardiovascular diseases.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Hiperuricemia , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperuricemia/epidemiologia , Incidência , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Ácido Úrico
2.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(3): 440-447, 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814411

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the influence of obesity status on the development of cardiometabolic disorders in school-age children. Methods: Information about children's body weight, body height and cardiovascular risk factors were collected in baseline survey in 2017 and follow-up survey in 2019. The school-age children were divided into four groups based on their baseline and follow-up obesity status, i.e. sustained non-obesity group, restored obesity group, newly classified obesity group, and persistent obesity group. Analysis of covariance was used to compare the difference of change in levels of cardiometabolic factors among the four groups. The multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the relationship between obesity status and the incidence risk of cardiometabolic disorders. Results: The present study included 11 379 school-age children (boys accounting for 49.6%). During the 2 years, the incidence of obesity was 3.2% (95%CI: 2.9%-3.5%) with the restoration ratio of obesity of 4.4% (95%CI: 4.0%-4.8%). Compared with the sustained non-obesity group, increases in SBP, DBP, TG, LDL-C and non-HDL-C were much higher in newly classified obesity group and persistent obesity group, but lower in restored obesity groups except for DBP (all P<0.05). In addition, the incidence risk of hypertension, high glucose, dyslipidemia and cardiometabolic disorders (≥2 risks) were much higher in newly classified and persistent obese children than in sustained non-obese children. No difference was found in incidence risks of most cardiovascular disorders between restored obese children and sustained non-obese children, except for hypertension and cardiometabolic risks. Conclusion: Both newly classified obesity and persistent obesity increased the incidence risks for multi cardiovascular disorders, while these risks could be reduced when non-obese status restore.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Obesidade Pediátrica , Índice de Massa Corporal , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Criança , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade Pediátrica/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Instituições Acadêmicas
3.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(3): 448-454, 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814412

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the incidence and risk factors of pediatric fracture in school-age children and adolescents in Beijing. Methods: A total of 12 056 students with complete fracture data of 2017 baseline survey and 2019 follow-up survey of School-based Cardiovascular and Bone Health (SCVBH) Promotion Program in Beijing were selected as study subjects. Logistic regression model was used to analyze associations of fracture incidence with age, BMI, fracture history and lifestyle. Results: The 2-year accumulative incidence rate of pediatric fracture was 3.1% (95%CI: 2.8%-3.4%) in school-age children and adolescents in Beijing, which was much higher in boys (4.1%) than in girls (2.1%) and increased with age in boys but decreased with age in girls. Fractures mainly occurred at upper-limb (69.0%), no gender and age specific significant in fracture sites were observed. Fracture history was the risk factor for fracture incidence in both boys and girls (boys: RR=1.81, 95%CI: 1.18-2.64; girls: RR=3.11, 95%CI: 1.74-5.13). In addition, higher duration and frequency of moderate to vigorous physical activities (≥120 min/day) and frequent consumption of sugar sweetened beverage (≥1 time/week) were also found to increase fracture risk in boys. Conclusion: The incidence of pediatric fracture was associated with gender, age, fracture history and lifestyle habits in school-age children and adolescents in Beijing. Targeted strategies are needed to prevent childhood fracture.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde Escolar , Instituições Acadêmicas , Adolescente , Pequim/epidemiologia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Fatores de Risco
4.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(3): 455-461, 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814413

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the association between vitamin D nutritional status and the body muscle mass in children. Methods: Data were obtained from School-based Cardiovascular and Bone Health Promotion Program. In 2017, a total of 15 391 children aged 6-16 years in Beijing were selected through stratified cluster sampling in baseline survey. A follow-up investigation was conducted in 2019. The questionnaire survey and the detection of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] level were conducted. The bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) apparatus was used to measure body muscle mass, and muscle mass index (MMI) was calculated. Multivariable linear models were used to analyze the association of vitamin D nutritional status with the baseline and follow-up MMI measures. Results: A total of 10 890 children aged (11.5±3.3) years(boys accounting for 49.6%) were included in the analysis. The average 25(OH)D level was (35.4±12.0) nmol/L, with an adequacy ratio of 11.1%. After multivariate linear regression adjustment for age, sex, body fat mass, smoking status, alcohol use status, dairy supplement, calcium supplement, physical activity, and pubertal development, no statistically significant association between vitamin D nutritional status and baseline MMI level was observed (P>0.05). For the follow-up MMI, the Z-score increased by 0.008 (P=0.058) for per 10 nmol/L increase in 25(OH)D, which were 0.002 (P=0.815) and 0.037 (P=0.031) higher in children with insufficient and adequate vitamin D than those with vitamin D deficiency, respectively (P for trend =0.089). Subgroup analysis showed that in the normal BMI group, for per 10 nmol/L increase in 25 (OH) D, the MMI at baseline survey and MMI Z-score at follow-up of children with adequate vitamin D and increased by 0.019 and 0.014, respectively (both P<0.05). Conclusions: Vitamin D nutritional status was related to muscle mass in children, and children with adequate vitamin D tended to obtain higher MMI. Children and adolescents are encouraged to maintain sufficient vitamin D levels, strengthen nutrition and exercise to promote body health.


Assuntos
Estado Nutricional , Deficiência de Vitamina D , Adolescente , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , Humanos , Masculino , Músculos , Instituições Acadêmicas , Vitamina D
5.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(3): 462-468, 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814414

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the relationships between vitamin D nutritional status and the calcaneal bone mineral density (BMD) in children. Methods: Data were obtained from School-based Cardiovascular and Bone Health Promotion Program. In 2017, a total of 15 391 children aged 6-16 years in Beijing selected through stratified cluster sampling were included in the baseline survey. A follow-up investigation was conducted in 2019. The questionnaire survey, detection of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] level and ultrasound measurement of calcaneal BMD were conducted. Multivariable linear and logistic regression models were used to analyze the relationships between baseline vitamin D nutritional status and the follow-up calcaneal BMD. Results: A total of 10 914 children aged (11.5±3.3) years (boys accounting for 49.6%) were included in the analysis. The average 25(OH)D level was (35.4±12.0) nmol/L, and the deficiency rate was 36.1%. After the adjustment for age, gender, body mass index, smoking status, alcohol use status, dairy products intake, vitamin D supplement, calcium supplement, physical activity, pubertal development, and baseline calcaneal BMD Z-score, for per 10 nmol/L increase in 25(OH)D, the follow-up calcaneal BMD Z-score increased by 0.01(P=0.041), and the OR(95%CI) of decreased calcaneal BMD Z-score after 2 years was 0.96 (0.93-1.00)(P=0.030). Compared with vitamin D adequacy, the follow-up calcaneal BMD Z-score of children with vitamin D insufficiency and deficiency decreased by 0.03(P=0.307) and 0.06 (P=0.046), and the risk of decreased calcaneal BMD Z-score after 2 years increased by 15%(P=0.037) and 21%(P=0.006), respectively (P for trend<0.05). Conclusions: Vitamin D nutritional status was closely related to calcaneal BMD, and children with adequate vitamin D nutritional status tended to obtain higher BMD. Children and adolescents are encouraged to maintain sufficient vitamin D levels, strengthen nutrition and exercise to promote bone health.


Assuntos
Densidade Óssea , Deficiência de Vitamina D , Adolescente , Criança , Humanos , Masculino , Estado Nutricional , Estudos Prospectivos , Instituições Acadêmicas , Vitamina D , Deficiência de Vitamina D/epidemiologia
6.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(3): 469-474, 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814415

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the association of vitamin D with distribution of body fat in children and adolescents. Methods: Data were obtained from the baseline survey of School-based Cardiovascular and Bone Health Promotion Program in 2017. Multiple linear regression and multinomial logistic regression models were applied to analyze the relationships of body mass index (BMI), fat mass index (FMI), trunk fat mass index (TFMI), appendicular fat mass index (AFMI), and visceral fat area(VFA) with vitamin D level and status in children and adolescents. Results: A total of 11 960 children and adolescents were included in the analysis (boys accounting for 49.7%). The average age and serum vitamin D level of study population were (11.0±3.3) years and (35.0±11.9) nmol/L, respectively. The deficiency rate of vitamin D was 37.2%. Gender-specific associations of BMI, FMI, TFMI, and AFMI with vitamin D level were found (P for interaction <0.05): they were inversely associated with vitamin D level in boys (BMI: ß=-0.56; FMI: ß =-0.59; TFMI: ß=-0.60; AFMI: ß=-0.59; all P<0.05), but not in girls (P>0.05). VFA was positively associated with vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency in both boys and girls, and the risks of vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency all increased by 17%(95%CI: 9%-25%) for per increment of standard deviation in VFA. Conclusions: The higher level of visceral fat was associated with the lower vitamin D levels in children. Abdominal obese children and boys with excessive body fat are the key population in the prevention and control of vitamin D deficiency.


Assuntos
Obesidade Pediátrica , Deficiência de Vitamina D , Adolescente , Distribuição da Gordura Corporal , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Vitamina D , Deficiência de Vitamina D/epidemiologia
7.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(5): 840-845, 2021 May 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814476

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the level of serum uric acid and the prevalence of hyperuricemia among adult residents in China. Methods: Data were derived from the China Nutritional Transition Cohort Study (CNTCS) in 2015. A total of 8 217 adult residents, aged 18-59 years old, who had completed survey data were selected as the subjects of the study. The demographic data was collected by questionnaire, and the fasting serum uric acid was detected by enzymatic method on the automatic biochemical analyzer (German Roche C701/702) by using German Roche uric acid reagent test kit. The levels of serum uric acid and the prevalence of hyperuricemia were analyzed under different demographic characteristics. Results: The results showed that, in 2015, the average level of serum uric acid in Chinese adults aged 18-59 years old was 288.0 µmol/L, and the prevalence rate of hyperuricemia was 9.8% (weighted value). Among them, the average level of serum uric acid and weighted prevalence of hyperuricemia was 329.7 µmol/L and 15.1% in men and 254.3 µmol/L and 5.8% in women. The average level of serum uric acid and weighted prevalence of hyperuricemia was 298.5 µmol/L and 10.9% in urban residents and 281.9 µmol/L and 9.1% in rural residents. The level of serum uric acid and the prevalence rate of hyperuricemia decreased when age increased in men, but increased with age increased in women. Conclusions: There are some differences in the level of serum uric acid and the prevalence rate of hyperuricemia among adult residents of different regions, gender, ages, household income and educational level. It is suggested that accurate prevention and control measures should be taken according to different demographic characteristics.


Assuntos
Hiperuricemia , Ácido Úrico , Adolescente , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperuricemia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Adulto Jovem
8.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(10): 1790-1796, 2021 Oct 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814613

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the influence of environmental factors on body mass index of children and adolescents in China. Methods: Using data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey, the research object to 7 - 17 years old children and adolescents who participated in 2000, 2006, 2011, and 2015 round of survey with complete data, a total of 6 626 children and adolescents (male 3 473, female 3 153) were investigated under univariate analysis for each environmental factor variable before using Partial Least Square Regression fitting a linear model for further screening. Finally, we fitted a three-level linear mixed-effects model distinct by urban and rural area for analysis. Results: The three-level null model, log likelihood=-17 034.68, χ2=483.06, P<0.001. Intern-class correlation coefficient (ICC) showed that community-level was 9.97%, and both community and individual were 39.38%. The three-level model also showed that urban model's urbanization index (ß=-0.05, 95%CI: -0.09--0.01, P<0.05), the park location (ß=-0.88, 95%CI: -1.72 - -0.04, P<0.05), 15 - 17 age group (ß=-1.04, 95%CI:-1.78 - -0.30, P<0.05) were negatively correlated with BMI. The distance to the gym (ß=0.12, 95%CI: 0.02 - 0.22, P<0.05), the number of home TV sets (ß=0.50, 95%CI: 0.08 - 0.92, P<0.05) and the frequency of parents' alarm of fiction TV program contents (ß=1.85, 95%CI: 0.70 - 3.00, P<0.05) were correlated with BMI. Rural urbanization index (ß=-0.04, 95%CI:-0.07 - -0.01, P<0.05). Rural per capita income (ß=-7.29e-4, 95%CI:-1.00e-3 - -6.77e-5, P<0.05), parents' restricted frequency of watching TV (ß=-1.29, 95%CI:-2.36 - -0.21, P<0.05), adipo-energy ratio (ß=-0.03, 95%CI:-0.06 - -1.00e-3, P<0.05) were negatively correlated with the BMI. Factors as the frequency of parents' alarm of fiction TV program contents (ß=3.01, 95%CI: 0.03 - 6.00, P<0.05), the survey time was 2015 (ß=4.83, 95%CI: 1.96 - 7.69, P<0.05) were correlated with BMI. Conclusions: Environmental factors could indirectly influence the change of BMI of children and adolescents to different degrees and various aspects. Urbanization index and rural per capita income had a slight protective effect on increasing BMI of children and adolescents. At the community level, attention should be paid to the setting of activity places around the living environment of children and adolescents. Family members should also guide their children and adolescents to develop nice behavior in watching TV.


Assuntos
População Rural , Adolescente , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(11): 1955-1961, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34818840

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the relationship between sleep duration and depressive symptoms in middle-aged and elderly people. Methods: A total of 11 931 middle-aged and elderly people aged ≥55 years who participated in the baseline survey of the "Community Cohort Study of Specialized Nervous System Diseases" in China from 2018 to 2019 were selected to obtain basic information about their lifestyle, food intake frequency, disease history, sleep duration. The body height and weight were measured, and body mass index (BMI) were calculated. The subjects with depressive symptoms were screened with the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-30). Restricted cubic spline model and multivariate logistic regression model were used to analyze the relationship between sleep duration and depressive symptoms. Results: Among the middle-aged and elderly people aged ≥55 years, 17.79% reported sleep duration less than 7 hours, 16.84% reported that their sleep duration ≥9 hours, and the detection rate of depression symptoms was 7.95%. After adjusting for factors such as region, age, gender, the restricted cubic spline results showed the U-shaped relationship between sleep duration and the risk for depressive symptoms, the results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the risk for depressive symptom in middle-aged and elderly people aged ≥55 years with sleep duration ≤5 hours, 6 hours, and ≥9 hours were 1.749(95%CI:1.279-2.392), 1.284(95%CI:1.021-1.615) and 1.260(95%CI:1.033-1.538) times higher compared with the counterparts with sleep duration 7-8 hours, the risk for depressive symptom in women with sleep duration ≤5 hours, 6 hours and ≥9 hours were 2.115 (95%CI:1.473-3.038), 1.605(95%CI:1.213-2.123) and 1.313(95%CI:1.011-1.705) times higher, respectively, compared with counterparts with sleep duration 7-8 hours, the risk for depressive symptoms in 55-64-year-old middle-aged and elderly people with sleep duration ≤5 hours and ≥9 hours were 1.806 (95%CI:1.014-3.217) and 1.478 (95%CI:1.060-2.061) times higher compared with counterparts with sleep duration 7-8 hours, and the risk for depressive symptoms in elderly people aged 65-74 years with sleep duration ≤5 hours was 2.112 (95%CI:1.327-3.361)times higher compared with counterparts with sleep duration 7-8 hours, the differences were all significant (P<0.05). There was no statistically significant association between sleep duration and depressive symptoms in men and in elderly people aged ≥75 years (P>0.05). Conclusion: Insufficient or prolonged sleep was independently associated with depressive symptoms in middle-aged and elderly people, showing a U-shaped relationship, especially in women and in middle-aged and elderly people aged 55-64 years.


Assuntos
Depressão , Sono , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
10.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(11): 1962-1968, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34818841

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate longitudinal association between smoking behavior and obesity risk in male adults in China from 1991 to 2015. Methods: A total of 32 169 male adults aged 18-64 years who participated in two or more rounds of China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS, 1991-2015) and had complete information of demographic characteristics, smoking status and physical measurements were selected as the study subjects. According to whether the subjects smoked or not and the number of cigarettes smoked per day, the subjects were divided into four groups: nonsmoker, light smoker (1-14 cigarettes/d), moderate smoker (15-24 cigarettes/d) and heavy smoker (≥25 cigarettes/d). The distribution of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), general obesity and central obesity of subjects with different smoking status were observed. Two-level mixed effect linear regression model and logistic regression model were used to analyze the relationship between smoking status and obesity risk. Results: Compared with nonsmokers, the BMI decreased by 0.19 kg/m2 in light smokers (95%CI:-0.27--0.10), 0.40 kg/m2 in moderate smokers (95%CI:-0.49--0.31), and 0.36 kg/m2 in heavy smokers (95%CI:-0.53--0.19), respectively, and the WC decreased by 0.49 cm in light smokers (95%CI:-0.76--0.21), 0.80 cm in moderate smokers (95%CI:-1.08--0.51) and 0.79 cm in heavy smokers (95%CI:-1.38--0.36) in, respectively. Compared with nonsmokers, the odds ratio of the risk for general and abdominal obesity were 0.70 (95%CI:0.62-0.79) and 0.78 (95%CI:0.73-0.84) in light smokers, 0.61 (95%CI:0.55-0.69) and 0.74 (95%CI:0.70-0.79) in moderate smokers and 0.78 (95%CI:0.65-0.96) and 0.84 (95%CI:0.76-0.95) in heavy smokers, respectively. Conclusions: From 1991 to 2015, the BMI, WC, prevalence of general and abdominal obesity in male adults showed a significant upward trends in both nonsmokers and smokers (light, moderate and heavy) in China, suggesting that smoking is negatively associated with the risk for obesity in male adults.


Assuntos
Obesidade Abdominal , Obesidade , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Obesidade Abdominal/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Fumar/epidemiologia , Circunferência da Cintura
13.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(4): 430-433, 2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505455

RESUMO

Imaging and serological approaches play an important role in the diagnosis and treatment of alveolar echinococcosis; however, they also suffer from some problems during their applications in clinical practices, which urges the identification of potential diagnostic markers. Novel serological, genomics and proteomics diagnostic markers alone or in combination may increase the sensitivity and specificity in early diagnosis of alveolar echinococcosis, which play vital roles in monitoring of disease courses and prognostic evaluation. This review mainly presents the advances in the studies on novel diagnostic markers for alveolar echinococcosis.


Assuntos
Equinococose , Equinococose/diagnóstico , Humanos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
15.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(27): 2107-2110, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34275245

RESUMO

Acromegaly is a rare disease, and multidisciplinary collaboration is essential for its diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up.In recent years, a series of novel findings have been echieved in clinical studies on acromegaly.Therefore, the China Pituitary Adenoma Specialist council has convened Chinese specialists in neurosurgery, endocrinology, radiology, and radiotherapy to release the Chinese Consensus for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Acromegaly (2021), which aims to promote the standardized and individualized management of acromegaly.Looking back to the past, the consensuses and guidelines have played vital roles in establishing the widely recognized biochemical remission criteria, promoting new drugs and novel therapeutic strategies which are of significance for standardized treatment, and emphasizing the need to focus on the systemic complications of acromegaly and the long-term quality of life. In this editorial, we briefly reviewed the expert consensuses and clinical guidelines on acromegaly at home and abroad, and discussed their important roles in promoting standardized disease management from three aspects including biochemical remission standards, medical treatment, and the diagnosis and treatment of systemic complications.


Assuntos
Acromegalia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias , Acromegalia/diagnóstico , Acromegalia/terapia , China , Consenso , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida
16.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 42(5): 390-395, 2021 May 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34218581

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the effect of autologous stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT) on treatment remission and survival of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM) patients. Methods: A total of 243 new diagnosed MM patients (age ≤65 years) who had received auto-HSCT were selected, and 176 MM patients (age ≤65 years) who had not received auto-HSCT were selected as the control group to evaluate the effect of auto-HSCT on the remission and survival. To balance the distribution of prognostic factors between auto-HSCT and non-auto-HSCT patients, the propensity score matching technique was used to reduce the bias between groups in a 1∶1 scale, 64 in each group, and correlation analysis was performed. Results: A total of 128 patients (64 cases in each group) were screened by propensity score matching analysis. 64 patients received auto-HSCT after induction therapy. After auto-HSCT, 24 patients (37.5%) obtained sCR, 16 patients (25.0%) obtained CR, 15 patients (23.4%) obtained VGPR, and 9 patients (14.1%) obtained PR. The efficacy of patients with auto-HSCT was significantly better than that of non-auto-HSCT patients (P=0.032) . Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were significantly longer in auto-HSCT patients compared with non-auto-HSCT patients[PFS: 42.2 (95% CI 29.9-54.5) months vs 22.4 (95% CI 17.1-27.7) months, P=0.007; OS: 87.6 (95% CI 57.3-117.9) months vs 53.9 (95% CI 36.1-71.7) months, P=0.011]. Multivariate analysis confirmed that auto-HSCT had a favorable effect on OS (HR=0.448, 95%CI 0.260-0.771, P=0.004) and PFS (HR=0.446, 95%CI 0.280-0.778, P=0.003) . Conclusion: These results demonstrated that auto-HSCT was a favorable prognostic factor for newly diagnosed MM patients.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Mieloma Múltiplo , Idoso , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante Autólogo , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(5): 403-412, 2021 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34000769

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effect of perioperative chemotherapy on the prognosis of gastric cancer patients under real-world condition. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was carried out. Real world data of gastric cancer patients receiving perioperative chemotherapy and surgery + adjuvant chemotherapy in 33 domestic hospitals from January 1, 2014 to January 31, 2016 were collected. Inclusion criteria: (1) gastric adenocarcinoma was confirmed by histopathology, and clinical stage was cT2-4aN0-3M0 (AJCC 8th edition); (2) D2 radical gastric cancer surgery was performed; (3) at least one cycle of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) was completed; (4) at least 4 cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) [SOX (S-1+oxaliplatin) or CapeOX (capecitabine + oxaliplatin)] were completed. Exclusion criteria: (1) complicated with other malignant tumors; (2) radiotherapy received; (3) patients with incomplete data. The enrolled patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy and adjuvant chemotherapy were included in the perioperative chemotherapy group, and those who received only postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy were included in the surgery + adjuvant chemotherapy group. Propensity score matching (PSM) method was used to control selection bias. The primary outcome were overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) after PSM. OS was defined as the time from the first neoadjuvant chemotherapy (operation + adjuvant chemotherapy group: from the date of operation) to the last effective follow-up or death. PFS was defined as the time from the first neoadjuvant chemotherapy (operation + adjuvant chemotherapy group: from the date of operation) to the first imaging diagnosis of tumor progression or death. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate the survival rate, and the Cox proportional hazards model was used to evaluate the independent effect of perioperative chemo therapy on OS and PFS. Results: 2 045 cases were included, including 1 293 cases in the surgery+adjuvant chemotherapy group and 752 cases in the perioperative chemotherapy group. After PSM, 492 pairs were included in the analysis. There were no statistically significant differences in gender, age, body mass index, tumor stage before treatment, and tumor location between the two groups (all P>0.05). Compared with the surgery + adjuvant chemotherapy group, patients in the perioperative chemotherapy group had higher proportion of total gastrectomy (χ(2)=40.526, P<0.001), smaller maximum tumor diameter (t=3.969, P<0.001), less number of metastatic lymph nodes (t=1.343, P<0.001), lower ratio of vessel invasion (χ(2)=11.897, P=0.001) and nerve invasion (χ(2)=12.338, P<0.001). In the perioperative chemotherapy group and surgery + adjuvant chemotherapy group, 24 cases (4.9%) and 17 cases (3.4%) developed postoperative complications, respectively, and no significant difference was found between two groups (χ(2)=0.815, P=0.367). The median OS of the perioperative chemotherapy group was longer than that of the surgery + adjuvant chemotherapy group (65 months vs. 45 months, HR: 0.74, 95% CI: 0.62-0.89, P=0.001); the median PFS of the perioperative chemotherapy group was also longer than that of the surgery+adjuvant chemotherapy group (56 months vs. 36 months, HR=0.72, 95% CI:0.61-0.85, P<0.001). The forest plot results of subgroup analysis showed that both men and women could benefit from perioperative chemotherapy (all P<0.05); patients over 45 years of age (P<0.05) and with normal body mass (P<0.01) could benefit significantly; patients with cTNM stage II and III presented a trend of benefit or could benefit significantly (P<0.05); patients with signet ring cell carcinoma benefited little (P>0.05); tumors in the gastric body and gastric antrum benefited more significantly (P<0.05). Conclusion: Perioperative chemotherapy can improve the prognosis of gastric cancer patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Feminino , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Masculino , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
18.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(2): 355-363, 2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33879911

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the mechanism of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B(PKB/Akt) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways after intervention of advanced glycosylation end products (AGEs) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and osteoblasts (OB) in rats, so as to provide certain experimental basis and theoretical basis for further research on the clinical treatment of periodontal tissue inflammation caused by diabetes mellitus. METHODS: AGEs were prepared, PBMCs and OB were isolated and cultured in vitro. CCK-8 was used to detect the cell viability intervened by different concentrations and time of AGEs. Western blot and qRT-PCR were used to detect the expression changes of genes related to NF-κB, PI3K/PKB and MAPK signaling pathways. RESULTS: OB and PBMCs were successfully isolated and cultured in vitro. The activity of PBMCs and OB cells was significantly correlated with the concentration, time and interaction of AGEs. With the increase of AGEs concentration and time, the activity of PBMCs and OB cells significantly decreased (P < 0.001). AGEs stimulation significantly increased the expression of NF-κB in PBMCs and the contents of tumor necrosis factor α(TNF-α), interleukin-1ß(IL-1ß) (P < 0.01). TNF-α, IL-1ß levels were significantly reduced after inhibition of NF-κB pathway (P < 0.01). NF-κB p65, JNK, and p38 phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated proteins increased significantly after AGEs stimulation of OB (P < 0.05). The phosphorylated protein expression of IκB was significantly increased, while the expression of non-phosphorylated protein was decreased (P < 0.01).The expressions of NF-κB p65, JNK, and IκB were significantly increased at the mRNA levels, and the expressions of IκB mRNA were significantly decreased (P < 0.05). There was no difference in the expression of Akt in either phosphorylated or non-phosphorylated proteins or at the mRNA level (P>0.05). With the addition of MAPK signaling pathway inhibitors, the phosphorylation and non-phosphorylated protein expressions of NF-κB p65, p38 and JNK were significantly reduced, and the phosphorylated protein of IκB was significantly decreased and the non-phosphorylated protein was significantly increased compared with the group with AGEs alone (P < 0.05). The results of qRT-PCR showed that the expression of IκB increased significantly after the addition of the JNK pathway blocker (P < 0.05), and the expression of NF-κB p65, p38 and JNK decreased, but the difference was not significant (P>0.05). While NF-κB p65, p38 and JNK were significantly decreased and IκB was significantly increased in the AGEs group after the addition of the p38 pathway blocker (P < 0.05). At this time, there was still no significant change in the expression of Akt at the protein level and mRNA level (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: AGEs inhibit the proliferation of PBMCs and OB, and the NF-κB and MAPK pathways are likely involved in regulating this process, but not the PI3K/PKB pathway.


Assuntos
Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Animais , Proliferação de Células , Leucócitos Mononucleares , NF-kappa B , Osteoblastos , Ratos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno
19.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(16): 1128-1131, 2021 Apr 27.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33902244

RESUMO

Progressive symmetric erythrokeratodermia (PSEK) comprises a group of clinically and genetically heterogeneous diseases. Previous research have identified GJB3 and GJB4 as the leading genetic causes of this disorder. With the rapid development of genetics, GJA1, KDSR, KRT83 and TRPM4 have been identified as the new causative genes for PSEK, leading to a further understanding of its clinical features and genetic mechanisms. It's worth noting that Nagashima-type palmoplantar keratosis was often misdiagnosed as PSEK by our domestic dermatologists. Due to the identification of SERPINB7 as the causative gene of Nagashima-type palmoplantar keratosis recently, differentiation between the two disorders could be easily distinguished.


Assuntos
Eritroceratodermia Variável , Ceratodermia Palmar e Plantar , Eritroceratodermia Variável/diagnóstico , Eritroceratodermia Variável/genética , Humanos , Ceratodermia Palmar e Plantar/diagnóstico , Ceratodermia Palmar e Plantar/genética
20.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(4): 280-285, 2021 Apr 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33775046

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the underlying genetic causes of neonatal encephalopathy complicated with perinatal asphyxia. Methods: From the neonates recruited to the Neonatal Genome Project of Children's Hospital of Fudan University between January 2016 and January 2019, 113 neonates with neonatal encephalopathy and acute peripartum or intrapartum event or Apgar score ≤7 were enrolled in this study. The clinical data, laboratory results, the findings of electroencephalograph and magnetic resonance imaging or head ultrasound, and the genetic information were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Of the 133 neonates with neonatal encephalopathy and acute peripartum or intrapartum event or Apgar score ≤7 scores, 77 (57.9%) were males, 56 (42.1%) were female, 56 (42.1%) were delivered via cesarean section, and 77(57.9%) were born by vaginal delivery. Among these cases, 68 (51.1%) were diagnosed of hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, 25 (18.8%) had intracranial hemorrhage, 20 (15%) were related to genetic diseases, and 5 (3.8%) had sepsis without central nervous infection. A total of 20 cases with positive results by next-generation sequencing test were identified, including 19 cases with pathogenic variations and 1 case with variation of uncertain significance. These 20 cases included 4 cases with congenital myopathy (2 cases of MTM1 gene pathogenic variants, 1 case of ACTA1 and 1 case of RYR1 gene pathogenic variants), 4 cases with genetic syndrome (2 cases of CHD7 gene pathogenic variants, 1 case of PTN11 gene pathogenic variant, and 1 case of NSDHL gene pathogenic variant), 3 cases with metabolic disorders (1 case of OTC gene pathogenic variant, 1 case of MTHFR gene pathogenic variant, and 1 case of ALDH7A1 gene pathogenic variant), 2 cases with epileptic encephalopathy (1 case of KCNT1 and 1 case of PACS2 gene pathogenic variants), 1 case with congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (PHOX2B gene pathogenic variant) and 6 cases with copy-number pathogenic variations. Among these 20 cases, 8(40.0%) neonates were presented with persistent hypotonia, 7(35.0%) neonates with seizures, and 5(25.0%) neonates with congenital malformation. Genetic counseling and further follow-up were performed or suggested for these 20 cases; 4 neonates were deceased, 10 neonates underwent palliative care, and 6 neonates were improved after supportive care and their further follow-up plan were performed in clinics. Conclusions: Genetic diseases are not rare in neonates with neonatal encephalopathy complicated with perinatal hypoxia event. The common causes in these neonates include congenital myopathy, metabolic disorders, genetic syndrome, and epilepsy encephalopathy.


Assuntos
Cesárea , Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica , 3-Hidroxiesteroide Desidrogenases , Criança , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Hipóxia , Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica/genética , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso , Fenótipo , Canais de Potássio Ativados por Sódio , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
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