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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e239323, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS | ID: biblio-1339341

RESUMO

Abstract The β-lactam/lactamase inhibitors (BLBLIs) combination drugs are considered an effective alternative to carbapenems. However, there is a growing concern that the increased use of BLBLIs may lead to increased resistance. This study determined the temporal association between the consumption of BLBLI and the antimicrobial resistance in Gram-negative bacteria. In this retrospective study, electronic data on the Gram-negative bacterial isolates, including A. baumannii, P. aeruginosa, E. coli, and K. pneumoniae from in-patients and susceptibility testing results were retrieved from the medical records of the clinical laboratory. A linear regression and cross-correlation analysis were performed on the acquired data. Increasing trends (p<0.05) in the consumption of BIBLI and carbapenem with a median use of 27.68 and 34.46 DDD/1000 PD per quarter were observed, respectively. A decreased trend (p=0.023) in the consumption of fluoroquinolones with a median use of 29.13 DDD/1000 PD per quarter was observed. The resistance rate of K. pneumoniae was synchronized with the BIBLI and carbapenem consumptions with a correlation coefficient of 0.893 (p=0.012) and 0.951 (p=0.016), respectively. The cross-correlation analysis against the consumption of BIBLI and meropenem resistant K. pneumoniae was peaked at 0-quarter lag (r=951, p=0.016). There was an increasing trend in the consumption of BLBLI and carbapenems. The increasing trend in the rates of resistance to piperacillin/tazobactam, in line with the increasing consumption of BLBLI, suggests that BLBLI has to be used with caution and cannot be directly considered as a long-term alternative to carbapenems.


Resumo Os medicamentos combinados de β-lactâmicos / inibidores da lactamase (BLBLIs) são considerados uma alternativa eficaz aos carbapenêmicos. No entanto, existe uma preocupação crescente de que o aumento do uso de BLBLIs pode levar ao aumento da resistência. Este estudo determinou a associação temporal entre o consumo de BLBLI e a resistência antimicrobiana em bactérias gram-negativas. Neste estudo retrospectivo, os dados eletrônicos sobre as bactérias gram-negativas isoladas, incluindo A. baumannii, P. aeruginosa, E. coli e K. pneumoniae de pacientes internados e os resultados dos testes de suscetibilidade foram recuperados dos registros médicos do laboratório clínico. Uma regressão linear e análise de correlação cruzada foram realizadas nos dados adquiridos. Foram observadas tendências crescentes (p < 0,05) no consumo de BIBLI e carbapenem com uma mediana de uso de 27,68 e 34,46 DDD/1000 PD por trimestre, respectivamente. Foi observada uma tendência de diminuição (p = 0,023) no consumo de fluoroquinolonas com uma mediana de uso de 29,13 DDD/1000 PD por trimestre. A taxa de resistência de K. pneumoniae foi sincronizada com os consumos de BIBLI e carbapenem com coeficiente de correlação de 0,893 (p = 0,012) e 0,951 (p = 0,016), respectivamente. A análise de correlação cruzada contra o consumo de BIBLI e K. pneumoniae resistente ao meropenem atingiu o pico no intervalo de 0 quarto (r = 951, p = 0,016). Houve uma tendência de aumento no consumo de BLBLI e carbapenêmicos. A tendência crescente nas taxas de resistência a piperacilina/tazobactam, em linha com o consumo crescente de BLBLI, sugere que BLBLI deve ser usado com cautela e não pode ser considerado diretamente como alternativa de longo prazo aos carbapenêmicos.

2.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(20): 6159, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34730189

RESUMO

The article "Molecular mechanisms of MCM3AP-AS1 targeted the regulation of miR-708-5p on cell proliferation and apoptosis in gastric cancer cells, by H. Wang, T. Xu, L. Wu, H.-L. Xu, R.-M. Liu, published in Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2020; 24 (5): 2452-2461-DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202003_20512-PMID: 32196596" has been withdrawn from the authors due to the discovery of new results. The authors decided to improve them further. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. https://www.europeanreview.org/article/20512.

3.
J Synchrotron Radiat ; 28(Pt 6): 1839-1844, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738937

RESUMO

Toxic disinfection byproducts such as trihalomethanes (e.g. CHCl3) are often found after chlorination of drinking water. It has been found that photocatalytic degradation of trace CHCl3 in drinking water generally lacks an expected relationship with the crystalline phase, band-gap energy or the particle sizes of the TiO2-based photocatalysts used such as nano TiO2 on SBA-15 (Santa Barbara amorphous-15), TiO2 clusters (TiO2-SiO2) and atomic dispersed Ti [Ti-MCM-41 (Mobil Composition of Matter)]. To engineer capable TiO2 photocatalysts, a better understanding of their photoactive sites is of great importance and interest. Using in situ X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy, the A1 (4969 eV), A2 (4971 eV) and A3 (4972 eV) sites in TiO2 can be distinguished as four-, five- and six- coordinated Ti species, respectively. Notably, the A2 Ti sites that are the main photocatalytic species of TiO2 are shown to be accountable for about 95% of the photocatalytic degradation of trace CHCl3 in drinking water (7.2 p.p.m. CHCl3 gTiO2-1 h-1). This work reveals that the A2 Ti species of a TiO2-based photocatalyst are mainly responsible for the photocatalytic reactivity, especially in photocatalytic degradation of CHCl3 in drinking water.


Assuntos
Água Potável , Dióxido de Silício , Catálise , Domínio Catalítico , Titânio , Raios X
4.
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 56(11): 1194-1198, 2021 Nov 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34749459

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics of vestibular syncope (VS) associated with drop attacks (DA) in delayed endolymphatic hydrops (DEH). Methods: DEH cases with complete data were retrospectively analyzed, including three DEH cases with DA and VS (VS group), and six DEH cases without DA or VS (control group). The clinical profile, the results of neurotological examinations [such as pure tone audiometry, electrocochleography (EcochG), caloric test, vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMP), and video head impulse test (vHIT)] and treatment outcomes were analyzed. Results: (1) In the VS group, there were three cases of ipsilateral DEH; in the control group, there were six cases of ipsilateral type. One case in each group had a history of migraine. (2) The prevalence of abnormal results in caloric test, vHIT, cervical VEMP, and ocular VEMP in the VS group was 3/3, 1/3, 2/2, and 2/2, respectively, and in the control group was 3/6, 0/3, 1/6, and 4/6, respectively. Two cases in each group underwent EcochG, and no identifiable waveform was elicited on the affected side, and-SP/AP ratio of unaffected side was less than 0.4. (3) Patients in both groups were initially treated with conservative medication. Two cases in the VS group subsequently received intratympanic injections of dexamethasone. No DA or VS occurred during a follow-up period lasting over one year. All patients achieved good control of vertigo during the follow-up period. Conclusions: VS may occur in the patients with DEH. The differential diagnosis of syncope in patients with otogenic vertiginous disease can help improve clinical diagnosis and treatment.


Assuntos
Hidropisia Endolinfática , Potenciais Evocados Miogênicos Vestibulares , Vestíbulo do Labirinto , Hidropisia Endolinfática/complicações , Hidropisia Endolinfática/diagnóstico , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Síncope
5.
J Dent Res ; : 220345211044681, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34719965

RESUMO

Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory condition characterized by destruction of nonmineralized and mineralized connective tissues. This study evaluated the role of Trem1 (triggering receptors expressed on myeloid cells 1) in periodontitis by influencing polarization of M1 macrophages through the STAT3/HIF-1α signaling pathway. Trem1 was significantly upregulated in the gingival tissues of patients with periodontitis, as identified by high-throughput RNA sequencing, and positively correlated with levels of M1 macrophage-associated genes. The results of flow cytometry, Western blotting, and reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction showed that knockdown of Trem1 in RAW 264.7 cells decreased polarization of M1 macrophages and increased polarization of M2 macrophages, while overexpression of Trem1 exerted an opposite effect. Furthermore, a mouse model of Trem1 knockout periodontitis exhibited limited infiltration of macrophages and decreased expression levels of M1 macrophage-associated genes in periodontitis lesions and bone marrow-derived macrophages. Importantly, we found that Trem1 could regulate polarization of M1 macrophages through STAT3/HIF-1α signaling as evidenced by RNA sequencing. Moreover, inhibition of Trem1 and HIF-1α could suppress the expression level of proinflammatory cytokine (interleukin 1ß) and upregulate the expression level of anti-inflammatory cytokine (interleukin 10) in periodontitis. Collectively, we identified that the Trem1/STAT3/HIF-1α axis could regulate polarization of M1 macrophages and is a potential candidate in the treatment of periodontitis.

6.
Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi ; 39(10): 791-793, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34727666

RESUMO

Objective: To study the group noise exposure level of typical coal-fired power plants and explore the establishment of risk assessment methods for noise exposed posts. Methods: In April 2020, 295 typical workers in 11 coal-fired power plants were selected as the study subjects. The noise exposure dose of typical posts and the proportion of exposure groups under different exposure doses were analyzed, and the risk assessment based on the dose-response relationship was conducted. Results: The exposure level of typical noise posts in coal-fired power plants was (84.24±4.10) dB (A) , and the over-standard rate was 44.07% (130/295) . The highest noise over-standard rate in main posts were desulfurization inspectors (51.52%) , followed by steam turbine inspectors (47.92%) and belt inspectors (46.32%) . Taking 30 years as an example, the incidence rate of occupational noise deafness of noise-exposed posts in coal-fired power plants was 12.30%. The position with the highest incidence rate was belt inspector (13.21%) , followed by steam turbine inspector (12.97%) , desulfurization inspectors (12.42%) , boiler inspectors (11.59%) and chemical water inspectors (6.89%) . Conclusion: The risk of noise exposure in coal-fired power plants is relatively high. Comprehensive control measures are recommended to effectively reduce the risk of noise deafness.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído , Ruído Ocupacional , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Carvão Mineral , Humanos , Centrais Elétricas , Medição de Risco
7.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(5): 476-482, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34791845

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the components of proteins from Echinococcus granulosus cyst fluid using the shotgun method, and to identify the active components with potential regulatory effects for immune dysregulation diseases. METHODS: The E. granulosus cyst fluid was collected aseptically from the hepatic cysts of patients with cystic echinococcosis, and characterized by liquid chromatography (LC) tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) following digestion with trypsin. The protein data were searched using the software MaxQuant version 1.6.1.0 and the cellular components, molecular functions, and biological processes of the identified proteins were analyzed using the Gene Ontology (GO) method. RESULTS: The E. granulosus cyst fluid separated by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) had a relative molecular mass of 25 to 70 kDa. LS-MS/MS analysis identified 37 proteins, including 32 known proteins and 5 unknown proteins. At least 4 proteins were preliminarily found to exhibit potential regulatory effects for immune dysregulation diseases, including antigen B, glutathione-S-transferase (GST), thioredoxin peroxidase (TPX) and malate dehydrogenase (MDH). GO enrichment analysis showed that the identified proteins had 149 molecular functions and were involved in 341 biological processes. CONCLUSIONS: E. granulosus cyst fluid has a variety of protein components, and four known proteins are preliminarily identified to be associated with immune dysregulation diseases.


Assuntos
Equinococose , Echinococcus granulosus , Animais , Antígenos de Helmintos , Líquido Cístico/química , Humanos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
8.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 8893563, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34790825

RESUMO

Sophora viciifolia Hance is an edible plant used in traditional Chinese medicine. Sophocarpine, a tetracyclic quinolizidine alkaloid, is one of the most abundant active ingredients in Sophora viciifolia Hance. Here, we study the analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects, as well as the acute toxicity of sophocarpine from Sophora viciifolia Hance in mice. Sophocarpine (20, 40, and 80 mg/kgbw) significantly prolonged the delay period before a hot plate reaction occurred (all P < 0.05), and the delay before a tail-flick response was induced by a warm bath (P < 0.05; P < 0.01). Sophocarpine (40, 80 mg/kg) resulted in dose-dependent inhibition of the writhing reaction induced by acetic acid in mice (P < 0.05; P < 0.001, respectively). Sophocarpine (80 mg/kg) reduced the total duration of a formalin-induced pain response (P < 0.05). Sophocarpine prolonged the foot-licking latency of mice after the hot plate reaction, and this effect was antagonized by calcium chloride and enhanced by verapamil. Sophocarpine (20, 40, and 80 mg/kg) significantly inhibited xylene-induced ear edema (P < 0.01; P < 0.001; P < 0.001, respectively) and the penetration of acetic acid-induced dye into the peritoneal cavity (P < 0.01; P < 0.01; P < 0.001, respectively). It also reduced the levels of proinflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-6, and prostaglandin E2 (P < 0.05, P < 0.01, P < 0.001) and those of serum nitric oxide (P < 0.05). The results of this study suggest that sophocarpine possesses certain analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities, which may be related to calcium and inhibition of the secretion of inflammatory factors.

9.
Poult Sci ; 101(1): 101402, 2021 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34784515

RESUMO

Solid-state fermentation has been used to improve the nutritive value of feed ingredients. In the present study, we investigated the effects of solid-state fermented wheat bran (FWB) on growth performance and apparent digestibility in broiler chickens. We measured the growth performance (ADFI, ADG, feed conversion, livability, and European performance efficiency factor) over 38 d in chicks fed a corn-soybean meal control diet (CON) or CON plus wet FWB (25 g/kg [T1]; 50 g/kg [T2]); or T1 plus 3 g/kg (T3); or T2 plus 6 g/kg (T4) soybean oil). The same diets were used to determine nutrient availability in chicks aged 20 d. Regression equations for AME and AMEn were obtained using 20-day-old chicks fed either the corn-soybean meal basal diet only or basal diet partially substituted with 50, 150, or 300 g/kg DM FWB. Diets containing 25 or 50 g/kg wet FBW did not affect the growth performance of broiler chickens, nor the apparent DM, energy, and nitrogen digestibility of the feeds, compared with the control diets (all P > 0.05). Further supplementation with oil did not improve the growth performance of broiler chickens compared with controls or chickens fed FBW. However, chickens fed diets containing soybean oil (T3 or T4) had lower (P = 0.005 and P = 0.040, respectively) apparent DM and energy digestibility than the control and FWB groups. The regression equations for AME and AMEn with the substitution of FWB produced values of 1,854.3 and 1,743.9 kcal/kg DM, respectively, and the equations were Y = 1854.3X + 52.7 (R2 = 0.971, n = 24, P < 0.001), and Y = 1743.9X + 44.6 (R2 = 0.978, n = 24, P < 0.001), respectively. Supplementation with wet FWB did not affect the growth performance of broiler chickens. Therefore, FWB is a suitable feed component for broilers.

10.
Poult Sci ; 101(1): 101567, 2021 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34823188

RESUMO

Melanopsin, a key light sensitive pigment, plays an important role in the regulation of bio-rhythm and photo-adaptation in poultry. This study aimed to investigate the effects of different lighting regimes on performance, pineal melanopsin expression and melatonin content in a native chicken, Beijing You Chicken (BYC) aged from 19 to 34 wk. A total of 900 nineteen-wk-old BYC female chicken having no significant body weight differences were randomly allocated to 3 groups with 3 replicates each, 100 birds each replicate, reared in individually lit floor pens with separate outdoor areas. Three different lighting regimes were used, including continuous 16 h (16L:8D, 6:00-22:00) for group 1, intermittent 16 h (12L:2D:4L:6D, 6:00-18:00, 20:00-24:00) for group 2, and continuous 12 h (12L:12D, 6:00-18:00) for group 3, respectively. The performance was measured for 19 to 34 wk. Serum melatonin (Mel), prolactin (Prl), luteinizing hormone (LH), and 17-beta estradiol (E2) contents were measured at 24 wk, 29 wk, and 34 wk of age, the relative expression of pineal melanopsin gene (Opn4 mRNA) was measured on 1 d at 9:00, 13:00, 17:00, 21:00, 1:00, and 5:00 at 29 wk of age, and at the end of 29 wk and 34 wk. The results showed that the egg mass, egg-laying rate, and feed egg ratio of BYC were not affected by lighting regimes for 19 to 34 wk (P > 0.05), except for the average feed intake (AFI) (P < 0.05). The AFI in the 12L:12D group was significantly higher than that in the 16L:8D group (P < 0.05), but had no difference with that in the 12L:2D:4L:6D group. The pineal Opn4 mRNA level was significantly upregulated in the 12L:2D:4L:6D group and downregulated in the 12L:12D group when compared with 16L:8D group at 29 and 34 wks of age (P < 0.05). The Mel content in the 16L:8D group was lower than that in the other 2 groups at 29 wk of age (P < 0.05), there was no difference in Mel content between 16L:8D group and 12L:2D:4L:6D group at 34 wk of age (P > 0.05). The present study suggested that the pineal melanopsin expression of the birds in the intermittent 16 h lighting group was higher than in the continuous 16 h and 12 h lighting group, and a significant negative correlation was found between melanopsin expression and Mel content at 34 wk of age, which may interact to promote the photo-adaptation of the native chicken and affect the future laying performance.

11.
Mol Biol (Mosk) ; 55(6): 982-986, 2021.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34837702

RESUMO

When expressing streptavidin recombinant polypeptide on magnetosomes (called bacterial magnetic nanoparticles, or BMPs), the presence of endogenous bacterial biotin might be detrimental. In the study, the streptavidin monomer fragment (S1-116) was fused with the intein N-terminal (termed precursor S1-116-IN), and S1-116-IN was expressed in E. coli (BL21). Meanwhile, the SA117-160 fragment was fused with the C-terminal intein, and then this chimeric polypeptide was expressed on magnetosomes by fusion with magnetosome membrance protein MamF. In the in vitro protein splicing system, the purified engineered magnetosomes (BMP-SA117-160-IC) and the S1-116-IN precursor were mixed. Intein-mediated trans-splicing reaction was induced to produce the functional magnetic beads BMP-SA. Our results indicate that intein-mediated protein trans-splicing may lead to efficient synthesis of the recombinant streptavidin on the magnetosomes, showing its promising potential to produce other functional magnetic nanoparticles.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Escherichia coli , Magnetossomos , Proteínas da Membrana Bacteriana Externa , Escherichia coli/genética , Inteínas/genética , Magnetossomos/genética , Processamento de Proteína , Estreptavidina , Trans-Splicing
12.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(44): 3650-3654, 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34823282

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical epidemiological characteristics of children with pertussis and the infection of their close contacts. Methods: The clinical data of children with pertussis and the etiological detection results of close contacts in Shenzhen Children's Hospital from 2015 to 2018 were collected and descriptive epidemiological analysis was carried out. Results: The cases of pertussis from 2015 to 2018 were reported as 504, 425, 796 and 991 respectively, with a total of 2 716 cases. The most cases was in May in 2015 (72 cases), in August in 2016 and 2018 (68 cases and 144 cases), and in July in 2017 (115 cases). A total of 1 517 male and 1 199 female children were reported from 2015 to 2018, the ratio of male-to-female was 1.3∶1. The proportion of children under 1 year old was 79.7% (2 165/2 716), of which 74.4% (1 610/2 165) was less than 6 months old. Among the reported cases, 1 605 (59.1%) were treated as outpatients, aged M(Q1,Q3) 5 (3, 11) months, and 1 111 (40.9%) were hospitalized, aged 4 (2, 7) months. There were 876 outpatients (54.4%) and 734 inpatients (45.6%) under 6 months of age, 575 outpatients (63.5%) and 331 inpatients (36.5%) between 6 months and 2 years of age, and 154 outpatients (77.0%) and 46 inpatients (23.0%) with above 2 years old, respectively. There were statistically significant differences between the two treatment methods in different age groups (P<0.001). The average hospitalization time of inpatients under 6 months of age was (8.5±3.9) days, that of inpatients between 6 months and 2 years of age was (7.1±3.7) days, and that of inpatients above 2 years old was (6.8±3.3) days. The difference was statistically significant (P<0.001). The etiological test results of pertussis were collected from 617 close contacts of 270 reported cases, the positive detection rate of mothers was the highest (34.9%). Conclusions: From 2015 to 2018, the number of reported cases of pertussis in our hospital fluctuated and increased year by year, with high incidence in summer, mainly in children under 1 year old, and more males than females. Outpatient treatment was more than inpatient treatment, its age was obviously older than the latter. The younger the children, the higher the proportion of hospitalization, and with the increase of the age, the hospitalization time was obviously shortened. Among the close family contacts, the mother might be the main source of pertussis infection in children.


Assuntos
Coqueluche , Criança , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Pacientes Internados , Masculino , Estações do Ano , Coqueluche/epidemiologia
13.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(3): 433-439, 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814410

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the relationships between hyperuricemia and the incidence risk for cardiometabolic abnormity in children. Methods: Data were obtained from School-based Cardiovascular and Bone Health Promotion Program. In 2017, a total of 15 391 children aged 6-16 years in Beijing were selected through stratified cluster sampling at baseline survey. Follow-up investigation was conducted in 2019. Logistic regression model was used to analyze the relationships of uric acid quartiles and change in uric acid levels with incidence risks for cardiometabolic abnormity (hypertension, hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia). Results: A total of 8 807 children (4 376 boys, 4 431 girls) were included in the analysis, the average age of the children was (11.1±3.3) years at baseline survey. The adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of incidence risk for hypertension in the third and fourth quartiles of the UA were 1.39 (1.11-1.75) and 1.56 (1.19-1.81), respectively. The ORs and 95% CIs of risk for high LDL-C in the second, third and fourth quartiles were 1.88 (1.16-3.05),1.98 (1.23-3.17) and 2.25 (1.42-3.57). The uric acid level increased by one standard deviation, the risk increased by 17% for hypertension and 27% for high LDL-C. The uric acid level increased by 10 µmol/L, the risk increased by 2.1% for hypertension and 2.9% for high LDL-C. The gender-stratified analysis showed that the similar results. The ORs and 95% CIs were 1.32 (1.09-1.60) and 1.50 (1.05-2.16) for hypertension, 1.90 (1.38-2.60) and 2.96 (1.58-5.52) for high TC, 1.78 (1.26-2.51) and 2.84 (1.60-5.03) for high LDL-C in the groups of newly diagnosed hyperuricemia and persistent hyperuricemia. Conclusions: Higher uric acid level was associated with increased incidence risks for hypertension, abnormal TC and LDL-C. Maintaining optimal uric acid level by children might contribute to the early prevention of cardiovascular diseases.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Hiperuricemia , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperuricemia/epidemiologia , Incidência , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Ácido Úrico
14.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(3): 440-447, 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814411

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the influence of obesity status on the development of cardiometabolic disorders in school-age children. Methods: Information about children's body weight, body height and cardiovascular risk factors were collected in baseline survey in 2017 and follow-up survey in 2019. The school-age children were divided into four groups based on their baseline and follow-up obesity status, i.e. sustained non-obesity group, restored obesity group, newly classified obesity group, and persistent obesity group. Analysis of covariance was used to compare the difference of change in levels of cardiometabolic factors among the four groups. The multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the relationship between obesity status and the incidence risk of cardiometabolic disorders. Results: The present study included 11 379 school-age children (boys accounting for 49.6%). During the 2 years, the incidence of obesity was 3.2% (95%CI: 2.9%-3.5%) with the restoration ratio of obesity of 4.4% (95%CI: 4.0%-4.8%). Compared with the sustained non-obesity group, increases in SBP, DBP, TG, LDL-C and non-HDL-C were much higher in newly classified obesity group and persistent obesity group, but lower in restored obesity groups except for DBP (all P<0.05). In addition, the incidence risk of hypertension, high glucose, dyslipidemia and cardiometabolic disorders (≥2 risks) were much higher in newly classified and persistent obese children than in sustained non-obese children. No difference was found in incidence risks of most cardiovascular disorders between restored obese children and sustained non-obese children, except for hypertension and cardiometabolic risks. Conclusion: Both newly classified obesity and persistent obesity increased the incidence risks for multi cardiovascular disorders, while these risks could be reduced when non-obese status restore.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Obesidade Pediátrica , Índice de Massa Corporal , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Criança , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade Pediátrica/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Instituições Acadêmicas
15.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(3): 448-454, 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814412

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the incidence and risk factors of pediatric fracture in school-age children and adolescents in Beijing. Methods: A total of 12 056 students with complete fracture data of 2017 baseline survey and 2019 follow-up survey of School-based Cardiovascular and Bone Health (SCVBH) Promotion Program in Beijing were selected as study subjects. Logistic regression model was used to analyze associations of fracture incidence with age, BMI, fracture history and lifestyle. Results: The 2-year accumulative incidence rate of pediatric fracture was 3.1% (95%CI: 2.8%-3.4%) in school-age children and adolescents in Beijing, which was much higher in boys (4.1%) than in girls (2.1%) and increased with age in boys but decreased with age in girls. Fractures mainly occurred at upper-limb (69.0%), no gender and age specific significant in fracture sites were observed. Fracture history was the risk factor for fracture incidence in both boys and girls (boys: RR=1.81, 95%CI: 1.18-2.64; girls: RR=3.11, 95%CI: 1.74-5.13). In addition, higher duration and frequency of moderate to vigorous physical activities (≥120 min/day) and frequent consumption of sugar sweetened beverage (≥1 time/week) were also found to increase fracture risk in boys. Conclusion: The incidence of pediatric fracture was associated with gender, age, fracture history and lifestyle habits in school-age children and adolescents in Beijing. Targeted strategies are needed to prevent childhood fracture.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde Escolar , Instituições Acadêmicas , Adolescente , Pequim/epidemiologia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Fatores de Risco
16.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(3): 455-461, 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814413

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the association between vitamin D nutritional status and the body muscle mass in children. Methods: Data were obtained from School-based Cardiovascular and Bone Health Promotion Program. In 2017, a total of 15 391 children aged 6-16 years in Beijing were selected through stratified cluster sampling in baseline survey. A follow-up investigation was conducted in 2019. The questionnaire survey and the detection of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] level were conducted. The bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) apparatus was used to measure body muscle mass, and muscle mass index (MMI) was calculated. Multivariable linear models were used to analyze the association of vitamin D nutritional status with the baseline and follow-up MMI measures. Results: A total of 10 890 children aged (11.5±3.3) years(boys accounting for 49.6%) were included in the analysis. The average 25(OH)D level was (35.4±12.0) nmol/L, with an adequacy ratio of 11.1%. After multivariate linear regression adjustment for age, sex, body fat mass, smoking status, alcohol use status, dairy supplement, calcium supplement, physical activity, and pubertal development, no statistically significant association between vitamin D nutritional status and baseline MMI level was observed (P>0.05). For the follow-up MMI, the Z-score increased by 0.008 (P=0.058) for per 10 nmol/L increase in 25(OH)D, which were 0.002 (P=0.815) and 0.037 (P=0.031) higher in children with insufficient and adequate vitamin D than those with vitamin D deficiency, respectively (P for trend =0.089). Subgroup analysis showed that in the normal BMI group, for per 10 nmol/L increase in 25 (OH) D, the MMI at baseline survey and MMI Z-score at follow-up of children with adequate vitamin D and increased by 0.019 and 0.014, respectively (both P<0.05). Conclusions: Vitamin D nutritional status was related to muscle mass in children, and children with adequate vitamin D tended to obtain higher MMI. Children and adolescents are encouraged to maintain sufficient vitamin D levels, strengthen nutrition and exercise to promote body health.


Assuntos
Estado Nutricional , Deficiência de Vitamina D , Adolescente , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , Humanos , Masculino , Músculos , Instituições Acadêmicas , Vitamina D
17.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(3): 462-468, 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814414

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the relationships between vitamin D nutritional status and the calcaneal bone mineral density (BMD) in children. Methods: Data were obtained from School-based Cardiovascular and Bone Health Promotion Program. In 2017, a total of 15 391 children aged 6-16 years in Beijing selected through stratified cluster sampling were included in the baseline survey. A follow-up investigation was conducted in 2019. The questionnaire survey, detection of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] level and ultrasound measurement of calcaneal BMD were conducted. Multivariable linear and logistic regression models were used to analyze the relationships between baseline vitamin D nutritional status and the follow-up calcaneal BMD. Results: A total of 10 914 children aged (11.5±3.3) years (boys accounting for 49.6%) were included in the analysis. The average 25(OH)D level was (35.4±12.0) nmol/L, and the deficiency rate was 36.1%. After the adjustment for age, gender, body mass index, smoking status, alcohol use status, dairy products intake, vitamin D supplement, calcium supplement, physical activity, pubertal development, and baseline calcaneal BMD Z-score, for per 10 nmol/L increase in 25(OH)D, the follow-up calcaneal BMD Z-score increased by 0.01(P=0.041), and the OR(95%CI) of decreased calcaneal BMD Z-score after 2 years was 0.96 (0.93-1.00)(P=0.030). Compared with vitamin D adequacy, the follow-up calcaneal BMD Z-score of children with vitamin D insufficiency and deficiency decreased by 0.03(P=0.307) and 0.06 (P=0.046), and the risk of decreased calcaneal BMD Z-score after 2 years increased by 15%(P=0.037) and 21%(P=0.006), respectively (P for trend<0.05). Conclusions: Vitamin D nutritional status was closely related to calcaneal BMD, and children with adequate vitamin D nutritional status tended to obtain higher BMD. Children and adolescents are encouraged to maintain sufficient vitamin D levels, strengthen nutrition and exercise to promote bone health.


Assuntos
Densidade Óssea , Deficiência de Vitamina D , Adolescente , Criança , Humanos , Masculino , Estado Nutricional , Estudos Prospectivos , Instituições Acadêmicas , Vitamina D , Deficiência de Vitamina D/epidemiologia
18.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(3): 469-474, 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814415

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the association of vitamin D with distribution of body fat in children and adolescents. Methods: Data were obtained from the baseline survey of School-based Cardiovascular and Bone Health Promotion Program in 2017. Multiple linear regression and multinomial logistic regression models were applied to analyze the relationships of body mass index (BMI), fat mass index (FMI), trunk fat mass index (TFMI), appendicular fat mass index (AFMI), and visceral fat area(VFA) with vitamin D level and status in children and adolescents. Results: A total of 11 960 children and adolescents were included in the analysis (boys accounting for 49.7%). The average age and serum vitamin D level of study population were (11.0±3.3) years and (35.0±11.9) nmol/L, respectively. The deficiency rate of vitamin D was 37.2%. Gender-specific associations of BMI, FMI, TFMI, and AFMI with vitamin D level were found (P for interaction <0.05): they were inversely associated with vitamin D level in boys (BMI: ß=-0.56; FMI: ß =-0.59; TFMI: ß=-0.60; AFMI: ß=-0.59; all P<0.05), but not in girls (P>0.05). VFA was positively associated with vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency in both boys and girls, and the risks of vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency all increased by 17%(95%CI: 9%-25%) for per increment of standard deviation in VFA. Conclusions: The higher level of visceral fat was associated with the lower vitamin D levels in children. Abdominal obese children and boys with excessive body fat are the key population in the prevention and control of vitamin D deficiency.


Assuntos
Obesidade Pediátrica , Deficiência de Vitamina D , Adolescente , Distribuição da Gordura Corporal , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Vitamina D , Deficiência de Vitamina D/epidemiologia
19.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(4): 700-705, 2021 Apr 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814454

RESUMO

Antibiotic resistance (AR) is a severe and fast-growing public health challenge with rapid globalization, especially in China. Although some monitoring systems were established in different fields, fragmentation of information failed to show the overall trend and spread of AR. It is necessary to establish a national monitoring system to reveal the occurrence, development, and spread of AR. The new AR monitoring system needs an updated analysis indicators system. We intend to recommend a new analysis indicators system for AR was constructed and applied to AR data monitoring and analysis for humans, animals, the environment, and foods. After investigating and analyzing the 5 Chinese major AR monitoring systems and literature, we have formulated 15 AR monitoring analysis indicators and initially established an evaluation system for the country's new AR monitoring system.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , China/epidemiologia , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos , Humanos
20.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(5): 833-839, 2021 May 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814475

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the overall satisfaction rate with vaccination services in parents of children, and the impact of additional time consumed for vaccination service on overall satisfaction rate. Methods: From December 2019 to January 2020, a total of 3 178 parents of 0-3 years old children were investigated to collect the information about their basic characteristics, additional time spent for vaccination service and overall satisfaction through questionnaires. Binary logistic regression model and restricted cubic spline model were used to evaluate the impact of additional time spend on the overall satisfaction rate. Results: The overall satisfaction rate of parents with vaccination services was 92.32%. The median time for parents to move from home to vaccination clinic was 10.00 (10.00, 20.00) minutes, the median waiting time to make an appointment was 10.00 (5.00, 15.00) minutes, the median waiting time for vaccination was 5.00 (3.00, 10.00) minutes, and the median total additional time spent was 30.00 (20.00, 45.00) minutes. The binary logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting the relevant factors, the main factors affecting the overall satisfaction rate were the waiting time for making an appointment (the 4- minutes group vs. 8- minutes group: OR=1.863, 95%CI: 1.307-2.657), waiting time for vaccination (the <4 minutes group vs. 8- minutes group: OR=1.529, 95%CI: 1.102-2.120; the 4- minutes group vs. 8- minutes group: OR=1.534, 95%CI: 1.104-2.130), total additional time spent (the 15- minutes group vs. 30- minutes group: OR=1.470, 95%CI: 1.094-1.976). Restricted cubic spline analysis showed that the waiting time for making an appointment (non-linear: χ2=13.18, P=0.001), the waiting time for vaccination (non-linear: χ2=13.50, P=0.001), and the total additional time consumed (non-linear: χ2=9.38, P=0.009) showed a non-linear inverted "V" dose response relationship to the overall satisfaction of vaccination services. Conclusions: The waiting time for parents to make an appointment, the waiting time for vaccination and the total additional time spent for receiving vaccination services affected the overall satisfaction rate of the vaccination services. And the waiting time for making an appointment was the most important factor, and it is necessary to shorten the waiting time for appointment. It is suggested that the vaccination clinic should make use of information technology (such as WeChat public account, APP) to make accurate appointments, make appointments to the time period to control the number of people within time period.


Assuntos
Satisfação do Paciente , Satisfação Pessoal , Agendamento de Consultas , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Pais , Vacinação
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