Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 9.411
Filtrar
1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e239323, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339341

RESUMO

Abstract The β-lactam/lactamase inhibitors (BLBLIs) combination drugs are considered an effective alternative to carbapenems. However, there is a growing concern that the increased use of BLBLIs may lead to increased resistance. This study determined the temporal association between the consumption of BLBLI and the antimicrobial resistance in Gram-negative bacteria. In this retrospective study, electronic data on the Gram-negative bacterial isolates, including A. baumannii, P. aeruginosa, E. coli, and K. pneumoniae from in-patients and susceptibility testing results were retrieved from the medical records of the clinical laboratory. A linear regression and cross-correlation analysis were performed on the acquired data. Increasing trends (p<0.05) in the consumption of BIBLI and carbapenem with a median use of 27.68 and 34.46 DDD/1000 PD per quarter were observed, respectively. A decreased trend (p=0.023) in the consumption of fluoroquinolones with a median use of 29.13 DDD/1000 PD per quarter was observed. The resistance rate of K. pneumoniae was synchronized with the BIBLI and carbapenem consumptions with a correlation coefficient of 0.893 (p=0.012) and 0.951 (p=0.016), respectively. The cross-correlation analysis against the consumption of BIBLI and meropenem resistant K. pneumoniae was peaked at 0-quarter lag (r=951, p=0.016). There was an increasing trend in the consumption of BLBLI and carbapenems. The increasing trend in the rates of resistance to piperacillin/tazobactam, in line with the increasing consumption of BLBLI, suggests that BLBLI has to be used with caution and cannot be directly considered as a long-term alternative to carbapenems.


Resumo Os medicamentos combinados de β-lactâmicos / inibidores da lactamase (BLBLIs) são considerados uma alternativa eficaz aos carbapenêmicos. No entanto, existe uma preocupação crescente de que o aumento do uso de BLBLIs pode levar ao aumento da resistência. Este estudo determinou a associação temporal entre o consumo de BLBLI e a resistência antimicrobiana em bactérias gram-negativas. Neste estudo retrospectivo, os dados eletrônicos sobre as bactérias gram-negativas isoladas, incluindo A. baumannii, P. aeruginosa, E. coli e K. pneumoniae de pacientes internados e os resultados dos testes de suscetibilidade foram recuperados dos registros médicos do laboratório clínico. Uma regressão linear e análise de correlação cruzada foram realizadas nos dados adquiridos. Foram observadas tendências crescentes (p < 0,05) no consumo de BIBLI e carbapenem com uma mediana de uso de 27,68 e 34,46 DDD/1000 PD por trimestre, respectivamente. Foi observada uma tendência de diminuição (p = 0,023) no consumo de fluoroquinolonas com uma mediana de uso de 29,13 DDD/1000 PD por trimestre. A taxa de resistência de K. pneumoniae foi sincronizada com os consumos de BIBLI e carbapenem com coeficiente de correlação de 0,893 (p = 0,012) e 0,951 (p = 0,016), respectivamente. A análise de correlação cruzada contra o consumo de BIBLI e K. pneumoniae resistente ao meropenem atingiu o pico no intervalo de 0 quarto (r = 951, p = 0,016). Houve uma tendência de aumento no consumo de BLBLI e carbapenêmicos. A tendência crescente nas taxas de resistência a piperacilina/tazobactam, em linha com o consumo crescente de BLBLI, sugere que BLBLI deve ser usado com cautela e não pode ser considerado diretamente como alternativa de longo prazo aos carbapenêmicos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/epidemiologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Estudos Retrospectivos , Escherichia coli , Bactérias Gram-Negativas
2.
Plant Biol (Stuttg) ; 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36457231

RESUMO

The cytokinin two-component signal transduction system (TCS) is involved in many biological processes, including hormone signal transduction and plant growth regulation. Although cytokinin TCS has been well characterized in Arabidopsis thaliana, its role in tomato remains elusive. In this study, we characterized the diversity and function of response regulator (RR) genes, a critical component of TCS, in tomato. In total, we identified 31RR genes in the tomato genome. These SlRR genes were classified into three subgroups (type-A, type-B, and type-C). Various stress-responsive cis-elements were present in the tomato RR gene promoters. Their expression responses under pesticide treatment were evaluated by transcriptome analysis. Their expression under heat, cold, ABA, salinity and NaHCO3 treatments was further investigated by qRT-PCR and was complemented by the available transcriptional data under these treatments. SlRR gene expression respond differently to drought, cold, salinity, and pesticide treatments in tomato.Specifically, SlRR13 expression was significantly upregulated under salinity, drought, cold, and pesticide stress and was down-regulated under ABA treatment. SlRR23 expression was induced under salt treatment, while the transcription level of SlRR1 was increased under cold and decreased under salt stress. We also found that GATA transcription factors played a significant role in the regulation of SlRR genes. Based on our results, tomato SlRR genes are involved in response to abiotic stress in tomato and could be implemented in molecular breeding approaches to increase tomato environmentalresistance.

3.
Science ; 378(6623): 966-971, 2022 12 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36454824

RESUMO

Topological photonics provides a powerful platform to explore topological physics beyond traditional electronic materials and shows promising applications in light transport and lasers. Classical degrees of freedom are routinely used to construct topological light modes in real or synthetic dimensions. Beyond the classical topology, the inherent quantum nature of light provides a wealth of fundamentally distinct topological states. Here we implement experiments on topological states of quantized light in a superconducting circuit, with which one- and two-dimensional Fock-state lattices are constructed. We realize rich topological physics including topological zero-energy states of the Su-Schrieffer-Heeger model, strain-induced pseudo-Landau levels, valley Hall effect, and Haldane chiral edge currents. Our study extends the topological states of light to the quantum regime, bridging topological phases of condensed-matter physics with circuit quantum electrodynamics, and offers a freedom in controlling the quantum states of multiple resonators.


Assuntos
Eletrônica , Meio Ambiente
4.
Phys Rev Lett ; 129(20): 205001, 2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36461991

RESUMO

Experiments on the DIII-D tokamak have identified a novel regime in which applied resonant magnetic perturbations (RMPs) increase the particle confinement and overall performance. This Letter details a robust range of counter-current rotation over which RMPs cause this density pump-in effect for high confinement (H mode) plasmas. The pump in is shown to be caused by a reduction of the turbulent transport and to be correlated with a change in the sign of the induced neoclassical transport. This novel reversal of the RMP induced transport has the potential to significantly improve reactor relevant, three-dimensional magnetic confinement scenarios.

5.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 57(11): 843-849, 2022 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36456481

RESUMO

Objective: To estimate the safety of myomectomy in twin pregnant women with intramural myomas during cesarean section. Methods: The clinical data of 145 cases of twin pregnancies with intramural myomas who were delivered by cesarean section in Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Capital Medical University from June 2013 to December 2021 were collected. Maternal demographics, fibroids' characteristics, maternal and fetal outcomes were compared between groups of cesarean section with myomectomy (myomectomy group, 49 cases) and cesarean section only (non-myomectomy group, 96 cases). Results: Compared with non-myomectomy group, myomectomy group had significantly prolonged operative time [50.0 minutes (37.5-57.5 minutes) vs 40.0 minutes (35.0-50.0 minutes), respectively; P=0.007] and significantly longer postoperative hospital stay [4.0 days (3.0-4.0 days) vs 3.0 days (3.0-4.0 days), respectively; P=0.047). Other maternal and fetal outcomes such as estimated blood loss, hemoglobin difference, postpartum hemorrhage, blood transfusion, B-Lynch structure, uterine artery ligation, postoperative fever and neonatal Apgar score showed no significant differences (all P>0.05). For intramural myomas <5 cm, there were no significant differences in maternal and fetal outcomes between myomectomy group and non-myomectomy group (all P>0.05). For intramural myomas ≥5 cm, operative time [55.0 minutes (40.0-60.0 minutes) vs 42.5 minutes (40.0-50.0 minutes), respectively; P=0.019] was significantly prolonged, postoperative hospital stay [4.0 days (4.0-5.0 days) vs 4.0 days (3.0-4.0 days), respectively; P=0.048] was significantly longer in myomectomy group than non-myomectomy group, but there were no significant differences in other maternal and fetal outcomes (all P>0.05). Conclusion: For twin pregnancies with intramural myomas, it is safe and feasible to remove intramural myomas during cesarean section by experienced obstetricians.


Assuntos
Leiomioma , Mioma , Miomectomia Uterina , Gravidez , Recém-Nascido , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez de Gêmeos , Cesárea , Miomectomia Uterina/efeitos adversos , Leiomioma/cirurgia
6.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 43(10): 1590-1595, 2022 Oct 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36456490

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the association of fasting plasma glucose (FPG) with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in the Chinese middle-aged and elderly population from four provinces. Methods: Data were drawn from the baseline data of the Community-based Cohort Study on Nervous System Disease 2018-2019. We selected 3 272 subjects aged 55 and above with completed information on demographics, lifestyle, disease history, cognitive test, psychological assessment, and bio-chemistries measurement, and who were capable of performing basic activities of daily living but without Alzheimer's disease during recruitment. A multivariate logistic regression model was employed to analyze the association between FPG and MCI. Results: Median level of FPG in the study population was 5.5 mmol/L. The prevalence of MCI was 24.8%, and those in groups of the FPG quintile were 19.4%, 22.2%, 29.2%, 26.6%, and 26.1%, respectively, which significantly increased the trend (P=0.002). After adjustment of confounders, multivariate logistic regression analysis found that the MCI risk of subjects in the Q3,Q4 and Q5 groups was 1.641 (95%CI: 1.226-2.131), 1.373 (95%CI: 1.036-1.825), 1.402 (95%CI: 1.054-1.871) times as high as that in the Q1 group, respectively. Conclusion: High FPG level might serve as a risk factor for MCI in the middle-aged and elderly population, suggesting the importance of monitoring and controlling plasma glucose even without diabetes.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Jejum , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Humanos , Idoso , Glicemia , Atividades Cotidianas , Estudos de Coortes , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia
7.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 57(11): 821-829, 2022 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36456478

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the application of sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) in early-staged cervical cancer by laparoscopy. Methods: It was a prospective, single-arm, single-center clinical study. Seventy-eight cases of cervical cancer patients were collected from July 2015 to December 2018 at the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University. All the patients were injected with tracer into the disease-free block of cervical tissue after anesthesia by the same surgeon who learned sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping technique in Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, and underwent SLN mapping followed by complete pelvic lymphadenectomy. Moreover, all the dissected lymph nodes were stained with hematoxylin eosin staining (HE) pathological examination. Besides, the negative SLN on hematoxylin-eosin staining were detected by immunohistochemistry cytokeratin staining micro-metastasis. To analyze the distribution, detection rate, false negative rate the sensitivity and negative predictive value of the SLN in early-staged cervical cancer by laparoscopy, and explore the value of SLN mapping in predicting the lymph nodes metastasis in early-staged cervical cancer. Results: The overall detection rate of SLN in cervical cancer was 99% (77/78), bilateral detection rate was 87% (68/78). The average of 12.4 lymph node (LN) and 3.6 SLN were dissected for each patients each side. SLN of cervical cancer were mainly distributed in the obturator space (61.5%, 343/558), followed by external iliac (23.5%, 131/558), common iliac (7.3%, 41/558), para-uterine (3.8%, 21/558), internal iliac (2.2%, 12/558), para abdominal aorta (1.1%, 6/558), and anterior sacral lymphatic drainage area (0.7%, 4/558). Fourteen cases of LN metastasis were found among all 78 cases. There were a total of 38 positive LN, including 26 SLN metastasis and 12 none sentinel LN metastasis. Through immunohistochemical staining and pathological ultra-staging, 1 SLN was found to be isolated tumor cells (ITC), and 5 SLNs were found to be micro-metastases (MIC), accounting for 23% (6/26) of positive SLN. SLN mapping with pathological ultra-staging improved the prediction of LN metastasis in cervical cancer (2/14). Metastatic SLN mainly distributed in the obturator space (65%, 17/26), peri-uterine region (12%, 3/26), common iliac region (15%, 4/26), and external iliac region (8%, 2/26). The consistency of the diagnosis of lymph node metastasis by SLN biopsy and postoperative retroperitoneal lymph node metastasis showed that the Kappa value was 1.000 (P<0.001), indicated that the metastasis status of SLN and retroperitoneal lymph node were completely consistent. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, false-negative rate, and negative predictive value of SLN biopsy in the diagnosis of lymph node metastasis were 100%, 100%, 100%, 0, and 100%, respectively. Conclusions: SLN in early-staged cervical cancer patients were mainly distributed in the obturator and external iliac space, pathalogical ultra-staging of SLN could improve the prediction of LN metastasis. Intraoperative SLN mapping is safe, feasible and could predict the state of retroperitoneal LN metastasis in early-staged cervical cancer. SLNB may replace systemic pelvic lymphadenectomy.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Linfonodo Sentinela , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Humanos , Feminino , Linfonodo Sentinela/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Amarelo de Eosina-(YS) , Hematoxilina , Estudos Prospectivos
8.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 43(10): 1596-1602, 2022 Oct 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36456491

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the association between different types of obesity, BMI, and waist circumference (WC) and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Chinese adults. Methods: Based on the China Health and Nutrition Survey data in 2018, different types of obesity were defined across different BMI and WC combinations based on Criteria of weight for adults (WS/T 428-2013), including non-obesity, simple general obesity, simple central obesity, and complex obesity. The associations of different types of obesity, BMI, and WC with T2DM risk were explored using two-level mixed-effects logistic regression and restricted cubic spline models. Results: A total of 7 030 subjects aged 18-65 were included in this study. The prevalence of general obesity and central obesity were 16.29% (502/3 082), 42.28% (1 303/3 082) in males, and 14.41% (569/3 948), 37.87% (1 495/3 948) in females. The prevalence of complex obesity was 14.70% and 12.97% in males and females, respectively. The prevalence of T2DM was 11.28% in participants, and the prevalence in complex obesity (18.98%, 22.07%) was higher than in simple central obesity (16.24%, 15.26%) and non-obesity (9.65%, 5.18%) in males and females, respectively. Multilevel regressions showed that males with simple central obesity and complex obesity had 1.61 (95%CI: 1.24-2.08) and 2.11 (95%CI: 1.56-2.86) times the odds of T2DM, respectively, as compared with the non-obesity; and the odds of T2DM in females were 2.70 (95%CI: 1.16-6.28) times for simple general obesity, 2.62 (95%CI: 2.01-3.40) times for simple central obesity, and 4.47 (95%CI: 3.35-5.98) times for complex obesity. A nearly linear positive association was observed between BMI and T2DM risk. WC was also positively associated with T2DM risk and a non-linearly increased risk in females (P for non-linear=0.024). The risk of T2DM increased when BMI ≥22.5 kg/m2 and 23.0 kg/m2, WC ≥85.0 cm and 80.0 cm in males and females, respectively. Conclusions: Complex obesity adults are more likely to suffer from T2DM. The risk of T2DM increases significantly when BMI is at the normal high values and waist circumference at the stage of pre-central obesity.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Adulto , Feminino , Masculino , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Obesidade Abdominal/epidemiologia , Obesidade/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia
10.
Environ Technol ; : 1-21, 2022 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36469603

RESUMO

AbstractDeionization of salt, contaminated underground and inorganic waste waters for water recycling and reuse is of increasing importance mainly due to the shortage of freshwater worldwide. Membrane capacitive deionization (MCDI) possessing a high electrosorption capacity and energy efficiency has been considered a promising method for desalination. However, the MCDI reaction system has limited applications because of the high interfacial resistance during operation. In the present work, the novel sulfonated graphene oxide (SGO) serving as a hydrophilic cation exchange membrane that was coated directly on the activated carbon (AC) electrode was prepared to enhance capacitive deionization of saltwater. Experimentally, the electrosorption capacity and charge efficiency of the AC/SGO (negative)‖AC (positive) electrode pair using the coated SGO thin film increased from 12.8 to 19.8 mg/g and 56.7 to 89.3%, respectively. The enhancements were associated with the reduction of the co-ion effect during electrosorption. The strong negative PhSO3- group grafted on the SGO thin film could selectively accelerate the transport rate of cations during CDI. The increase of the charge efficiency also led to lower implemented current. This work demonstrates a simple, low-cost and effective desalination method that will likely have many new applications especially in water recycling and reuse.

11.
Poult Sci ; 102(2): 102354, 2022 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36470028

RESUMO

This experiment aimed to study the effects of dietary calcium (Ca) and non-phytate phosphorus (NPP) levels on performance, serum biochemical indices, and lipid metabolism in Beijing You Chicken (BYC), a local chicken. A 3 × 3 factorial design was adopted, dietary Ca levels were 0.66, 0.71, and 0.76%, NPP levels were 0.25, 0.30, and 0.35%. A total of 648 ten-wk-old BYC growing pullets were randomly divided into 9 groups with 6 replicates per group, and 12 birds per replicate. Growth performance, serum biochemical indices, and lipid metabolism indicators from 10 to 16 wk were measured. The results showed as follows: 1) Dietary Ca and NPP alone did not affect growth performance, but the interaction of dietary Ca and NPP affected average feed intake (AFI) of growing pullets (P < 0.05). The AFI was the lowest for the group with 0.71% Ca and 0.25% NPP (3,550.0 g, P = 0.036). 2) Dietary Ca level significantly affected serum P content (P < 0.05); dietary NPP had an influence trend on serum Ca content (P= 0.054). Dietary NPP levels and the interaction of Ca and NPP significantly affected alkaline phosphatase (AKP) activity. 3) Dietary Ca levels significantly affected TC content and HDL-C content (P < 0.05). Dietary NPP level significantly affected TG content (P < 0.05), the TG content in 0.25% and 0.30% NPP groups was significantly lower than that in 0.35% NPP group (P < 0.05). The interaction of dietary Ca and NPP significantly affected TG, TC and HDL-C contents (P < 0.05). TG, TC, and LDL-C levels were lower and HDL-C levels were the highest in the group with 0.66% Ca and 0.25% NPP. In summary, appropriate dietary Ca level can regulate serum TG, TC, and HDL-C content. Dietary Ca and NPP levels can be adjusted in pullet phase to avoid excessive obesity during the egg-laying period. This study recommended that dietary 0.66% Ca and 0.25% NPP benefit for the lipid metabolism of BYC growing pullets without affecting the performance.

12.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 26(22): 8224-8233, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36459006

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The major objective of this review was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound in confirming tracheal intubation to the standard methods of confirmation in the intensive care unit (ICU). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies was conducted from inception to July 2022. We included studies that compared the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound-detected tracheal intubation to that of the gold standard diagnostic technique performed in adult patients who underwent tracheal intubation as part of any procedure. We searched the following electronic databases for published studies: PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Central, and Web of Science. Risk of bias was assessed using a standard procedure based on the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies-2 criteria. The results were analyzed using the RevMan or Meta-Disc software to determine the adequacy and conclusiveness of the available evidence. RESULTS: Five studies that included 344 patients met the inclusion criteria. Pooled sensitivity was 0.96 (95% confidence interval (CI) (0.92-0.98) and 1.00 (95% CI: 0.97-1.00), respectively. Furthermore, the diagnostic odds ratio of ultrasonography was 311.25 (95% CI: 63.77-1,519.22), which was confirmed by a summary receiver operating characteristic curve with an area under the curve of 0.98. CONCLUSIONS: Ultrasonography has high sensitivity and specificity, is a valuable adjunct for confirming tracheal intubation in the ICU and should be performed when capnography is unavailable or unreliable.


Assuntos
Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Intubação Intratraqueal , Adulto , Humanos , Ultrassonografia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Razão de Chances , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto
13.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 34(5): 552-555, 2022 Apr 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36464249

RESUMO

Corrosive sclerosing cholangitis is a rare postoperative complication of hepatic cystic echinococcosis. Although corrosive sclerosing cholangitis is rare, it progresses rapidly and lacks effective treatments, which usually results in a poor prognosis. This case report retrospectively analyzed the treatment and diagnosis of a case with corrosive sclerosing cholangitis following surgical treatment of hepatic cystic echinococcosis, so as to provide insights into the diagnosis and treatment of corrosive sclerosing cholangitis.


Assuntos
Cáusticos , Colangite Esclerosante , Equinococose Hepática , Equinococose , Humanos , Colangite Esclerosante/complicações , Colangite Esclerosante/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Equinococose Hepática/complicações , Equinococose Hepática/cirurgia
14.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 34(5): 522-526, 2022 Aug 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36464257

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of peer education on knowledge, attitude and practices towards schistosomiasis control among primary school students in endemic foci of Wuhan City. METHODS: Yucai Hankou Primary School in Jiang' an District, Wuhan City was selected in 2021, and all students at grades 4 and 5 were sampled using a cluster sampling method to receive peer education about schistosomiasis. The changes of knowledge, attitude and practices towards schistosomiasis control were compared before and after peer education to evaluate the effect of peer education on knowledge, attitude and practices towards schistosomiasis control. RESULTS: The overall awareness of schistosomiasis control knowledge and the overall proportion of correct attitudes towards schistosomiasis control and correct schistosomiasis-related behaviors increased from 51.50%, 93.70% and 92.99% before peer education to 86.50%, 98.98% and 98.72% after peer education among primary school students, respectively (χ2=149.457, 21.692 and 20.691, all P values < 0.05). The overall awareness of schistosomiasis control knowledge and the overall proportion of correct attitudes towards schistosomiasis control and correct schistosomiasis-related behaviors were 49.19%, 92.20% and 92.72% among Grade 4 primary school students and 53.83%, 95.21% and 93.28% among Grade 5 primary school students prior to peer education (χ2 = 1.214, 2.034 and 0.096, all P values > 0.05), and increased to 75.93%, 98.09% and 97.59% among Grade 4 primary school students and 97.16%, 99.87% and 99.87% among Grade 5 primary school students after peer education, respectively (χ2 = 40.798, 9.572, 7.207, 133.194, 9.678 and 14.926, all P values < 0.05). The overall awareness of schistosomiasis control knowledge and the overall proportion of correct attitudes towards schistosomiasis control and correct schistosomiasis-related behaviors were 51.25%, 76.92% and 77.97% among male primary school students and 51.80%, 94.42% and 95.70% among female primary school students prior to peer education, the differences in the overall proportion of correct attitudes towards schistosomiasis control and correct schistosomiasis-related behaviors between male primary school students and female primary school students were significant (χ2 = 30.462 and 33.416, both P values < 0.05), and increased to 86.23%, 98.25% and 97.79% among male primary school students and 86.83%, 99.85% and 99.85% among female primary school students after peer education (χ2 = 0.081, 3.529 and 3.335, all P values > 0.05), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Peer education is effective to improve the knowledge, attitude and practices towards schistosomiasis control among primary school students in endemic foci of Wuhan City, which may be more effective to improve the awareness of schistosomiasis control knowledge and proportion of correct schistosomiasis-related behaviors among primary school students at high grades.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Esquistossomose , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Conhecimento , Estudantes , Esquistossomose/epidemiologia , Esquistossomose/prevenção & controle , Instituições Acadêmicas
15.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 34(5): 537-541, 2022 Jun 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36464256

RESUMO

In order to build a unified teaching pattern integrating knowledge delivery, skill cultivation and value guidance, this article, based on the targets of cultivating medical talents in the new era, aims to explore the pathway of curriculum ideological and political education in Medical Parasitology teaching based on the situation of Yunnan Province. By analyzing the epidemiology of parasitic diseases in Yunnan Province, the remarkable achievements of parasitic diseases control in China and Yunnan Province, cases with parasitic disease misdiagnosis, parasitologists ' selfless contributions, the contributions of traditional Chinese medicines to parasitic diseases control and the contributions of traditional Chinese medicines in Yunnan Province, the ideological and political education is naturally integrated into Medical Parasitology teaching, to create an educational model combining professional course teaching with ideological and political education curriculum.


Assuntos
Currículo , Educação Médica , China/epidemiologia , Escolaridade , Conhecimento
16.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 93(10): 103541, 2022 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36319324

RESUMO

The Surface Eroding Thermocouple (SETC) is a robust diagnostic utilized in DIII-D to provide fast, edge-localized modes (ELMs) resolved heat flux measurements, in particular in geometric regions that are too shadowed for traditional infrared thermography. In order to further investigate the power dissipation in the divertor region, a combination of flush-mounted and recessed SETCs was developed to assess the effect on surface heating from non-charged particles at the divertor target. Utilizing the Divertor Materials Evaluation System sample exposure platform, the first demonstration of the feasibility of using this new method to distinguish between the heat flux from charged particles and that from neutrals and radiative heating was achieved. This paper details the process of using the combination of flush SETCs and recessed SETCs to measure the multiple heat flux components at the divertor target and further discusses how to determine two important ratios, α (ratio of heat flux from charged particles deposit on recessed SETC to that deposit on flush SETC) and ß (ratio of heat flux from non-charged particles deposit on recessed SETC to that deposit on flush SETC), in the estimation of the heat flux from non-charged particle sources. Using a time dependent ratio α, it was found that ∼50% of the total incident heat flux is attributable to the non-charged particles in the fully detached open divertor in DIII-D. Finally, the new application of similar SETC diagnostics in the Small Angle Slot divertor with a V-like configuration and partial tungsten coated surface (SAS-VW) is also introduced.

17.
J Dent Res ; : 220345221130013, 2022 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36331313

RESUMO

Lymph node metastasis is related to poor prognosis in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), and few studies have explored the relevance of postoperative drainage fluid (PDF) in metastasis. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are nanosized vesicles that can transfer oncogenic molecules to regulate tumorigenesis. However, the proteomic profile of postoperative drainage fluid-derived EVs (PDF-EVs) in OSCC has not been elucidated. Herein, we collected drainage fluid from OSCC patients after neck dissection to investigate the difference in PDF-EVs between patients with metastatic lymph nodes (the LN+ group) and nonmetastatic lymph nodes (the LN- group). The proteomic profile of PDF-EVs from the LN+ and LN- groups was compared using label-free liquid chromatography tandem-mass spectrometry-based protein quantification. The results revealed that PDF-EVs were mainly derived from epithelial cells and immune cells. A total of 2,134 proteins in the PDF-EVs were identified, and 313 were differentially expressed between the LN+ and LN- groups. Metabolic proteins, such as EHD2 and CAVIN1, were expressed at higher levels in the LN+ group than in the LN- group, and the levels of EHD2 and CAVIN1 in the postoperative drainage fluid were positively correlated with lymph node metastasis. Our study revealed previously undocumented postoperative drainage fluid-associated proteins in patients with metastatic OSCC, providing a starting point for understanding their role in metastatic and nonmetastatic OSCC.

18.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 60(11): 1191-1195, 2022 Nov 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36319156

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of medication non-adherence in children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine from September 2020 to March 2022 and 112 children with IBD were enrolled. Their general information, medication adherence, and parental disease-related knowledge were collected by questionnaires. According to the medication adherence score, the children were divided into the adherence group (score of 6 to 8) and the non-adherence group (score of <6), then the demographic and clinical characteristics of the two groups were compared. Subsequently, a multivariate binary Logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the risk factors of medication non-adherence. Results: Of the 112 children, 76 were males and 36 females, with the age of 12.9 (9.5, 14.0) years. There were 50 (44.6%) in the non-adherence group and 62 (55.4%) in the adherence group. Regarding the demographic and clinical characteristics, the results showed that the dosage frequency and the parental disease related knowledge were associated with medication non-adherence (both P<0.05). Multivariate binary Logistic regression analysis showed that compared with 0-6 years old children, the risk of medication non-adherence was significantly increased in children aged 7-12 years (OR=9.30, 95%CI 1.58-54.87, P=0.014) and 13-18 years (OR=8.26, 95%CI 1.49-45.85, P=0.016); and the risk was also significantly increased in children who took medication twice or more per day (OR=12.88, 95%CI 2.77-59.80, P=0.001) compared with children who took medication once per day. Meanwhile, the parental score of the questionnaire on Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis related knowledge (OR=0.76, 95%CI 0.66-0.89, P=0.001) was also a significant risk factor. Conclusions: Medication non-adherence is common in children with IBD. Children older than 7 years, a dosage frequency of twice or more per day, and parental poor disease-related knowledge are the independent risk factors for medication non-adherence in children with IBD. Clinicians should pay attention to promoting patients' adherence to improve clinical outcomes.


Assuntos
Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Prevalência , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/epidemiologia , Adesão à Medicação , Doença Crônica , Fatores de Risco
19.
Benef Microbes ; : 1-16, 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36377577

RESUMO

Emerging evidence indicates that the alterations in the gut microbiota-brain axis (GBA), which is the bilateral connection between the gut microbial communities and brain function, are involved in several mental illnesses, including depression. Certain probiotic strains have been revealed to improve depressive behaviours and the dysregulation of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) metabolism in depression. Here we evaluated the potential antidepressant effects of Lactobacillus helveticus strains using an in vitro enterochromaffin cell model (RIN14B). The L. helveticus strain WHH1889 was shown to significantly promote the level of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HTP, 5-HT precursor) and the gene expression of tryptophan hydroxylase 1 (Tph1), which is the key synthetase in the 5-HT biosynthesis in RIN14B cells. Ingestion of 0.2 ml WHH1889 (1´109 cfu/ml) in a chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) mouse model of depression for five weeks normalised depressive and anxiety-like behaviours in the forced swim test, tail suspension test, sucrose preference test, and open field test. Meanwhile, the CUMS-induced elevated level of serum corticosterone and declined levels of hippocampal 5-HT and 5-HTP were reversed by WHH1889. Furthermore, the disturbances of the gut microbiome composition with reduced microbial diversity were also improved by WHH1889, accompanied by the increased colonic 5-HTP level and Tph1 gene expression. In summary, these findings indicate that WHH1889 exerts antidepressant-like effects on CUMS mice, which is associated with the modulations of the 5-HT/5-HTP metabolism and gut microbiome composition. Therefore, ingestion of the L. helveticus strain WHH1889 with antidepressant potentials may become an encouraging therapeutic option in the treatment of depression.

20.
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 57(11): 1294-1303, 2022 Nov 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36404654

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the efficiency of internal carotid artery (ICA) embolization technology in endoscopic salvage surgery for recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma (rNPC) invading the ICA. Methods: From January 2016 to March 2021, 83 patients with rNPC who invaded the ICA and underwent endoscopic extended nasopharyngectomy were retrospectively collected from the Eye & ENT Hospital in Fudan University, including 60 males and 23 females. The age of the patients ranged from 27 to 77 years. The standard of ICA invasion was that the distance from the lesion to the ICA on enhanced MRI was ≤ 1.8 mm. The clinical characteristics, ICA management strategy and survival prognosis of patients were analyzed, and the effectiveness of ICA embolization was evaluated. Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the survival rate and Log-rank test was used to compare the difference. Results: In 83 patients with rNPC, there were 13 patients with rT2, 38 patients with rT3, 32 patients with rT4, and 16 patients had lymph node metastasis. A total of 37 patients (44.6%) underwent ICA coil embolization before surgery, of which 2 cases underwent external carotid-middle cerebral artery artery bypass grafting and ICA embolization due to positive balloon occlusion test (BOT). Patients with positive surgical margin accounted for 24.1% (20/83). Among them, patients with rT4 and patients without ICA embolization had a higher positive rate of surgical margin (P value was 0.001, 0.043, respectively). The 3-year overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS) rate of all patients was 46.5% and 26.7%, respectively. In addition, the 3-year OS and PFS of patients with ICA embolization was significantly higher than those without ICA embolization, respectively (69.1% vs 27.8%, P=0.003; 33.9% vs 18.9%, P=0.018). Only 2 patients (2/37, 5.4%) had cerebral infarction complications after coil embolization of the affected ICA due to negative BOT. Conclusion: Preoperative ICA embolization can be used to treat patients with rNPC invading the ICA, improve the total removal rate and survival rate of patients, which is an effective salvage treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Terapia de Salvação , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Artéria Carótida Interna , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...