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1.
PLoS Pathog ; 18(5): e1010505, 2022 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35503798

RESUMO

The Hippo signaling pathway, which is historically considered as a dominator of organ development and homeostasis has recently been implicated as an immune regulator. However, its role in host defense against influenza A virus (IAV) has not been widely investigated. Here, we found that IAV could activate the Hippo effectors Yes-associated protein (YAP) and transcriptional coactivator with PDZ-binding motif (TAZ) through physical binding of the IAV non-structural protein 1 (NS1) with C-terminal domain of YAP/TAZ, facilitating their nuclear location. Meanwhile, YAP/TAZ downregulated the expression of pro-inflammatory and anti-viral cytokines against IAV infection, therefore benefiting virus replication and host cell apoptosis. A mouse model of IAV infection further demonstrated Yap deficiency protected mice against IAV infection, relieving lung injury. Mechanistically, YAP/TAZ blocked anti-viral innate immune signaling via downregulation of Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) expression. YAP directly bound to the putative TEADs binding site on the promoter region of TLR3. The elimination of acetylated histone H3 occupancy in the TLR3 promoter resulted in its transcriptional silence. Moreover, treatment of Trichostatin A, a histone deacetylases (HDACs) inhibitor or disruption of HDAC4/6 reversed the inhibition of TLR3 expression by YAP/TAZ, suggesting HDAC4/6 mediated the suppression function of YAP/TAZ. Taken together, we uncovered a novel immunomodulatory mechanism employed by IAV, where YAP/TAZ antagonize TLR3-mediated innate immunity.

2.
Food Chem X ; 14: 100311, 2022 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35492255

RESUMO

This study investigated the effects of convective drying(CD) and freeze drying(FD) on bioactive and volatile components in jujube. No significant difference in total phenolic, total flavonoids and antioxidant capacity among CD60, CD70, CD80 and FD samples (P > 0.05). LC-MS/MS analysis showed that this trend mainly originated from the dynamic equilibrium relationships between caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, rutin, epicatechin, and quercetin. HS-SPME-GC-MS identified 31 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) comprising more than 80% aldehydes and acids. Principal component analysis distinguished the VOC characteristics of samples subjected to different drying methods. Six VOCs had an odor activity value (OAV) >1, most of which were fatty acid oxidation or Maillard reaction products. Combined with the precursor components, these reactions were speculated to be the major VOC-producing pathways in dried jujube. Considering the bioactive components and flavor retention, CD at 60 °C was an effective drying method with potential to replace FD.

3.
Front Nutr ; 9: 862323, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35495902

RESUMO

The relationship between first-trimester GWG ( T1GWG) and risk of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) remained uncertain. This study aimed to investigate the association between T1GWG and risk of de novo HDP. Meanwhile, we explored the mediated effect and constructed an early GWG category to evaluate the predictive capacity for HDP. T1GWG was defined as the weight difference between 13 ± 1 gestational weeks and pre-conception. HDP group was defined as having diagnosis of de novo HDP, including gestational hypertension or de novo pre-eclampsia (PE) during the current pregnancy. Early GWG category was constructed according to the risk of HDP within each pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) group. Cox regression model was utilized to check the association between the T1GWG and HDP. Serial mediation model was adopted to evaluate the potential mediators including mean arterial pressure (MAP) at 13th and 20th week. The logistic regression model with bootstrap was performed to assess the predictive capacity of Early GWG category and MAP for the risk of HDP. A total of 17,901 pregnant women (mean age, 29.0 years) were recruited from 2013 to 2017 at the Tongzhou Maternal and Child Health Hospital in Beijing, China. Compared to women in Class 1 of early GWG category, women in the Class 2, 3, 4 have increased risks of HDP by 1.42, 4.27, and 4.62 times, respectively (hazard ratio [HR] = 2.42, 95% CI: 2.11-2.77; HR = 5.27, 95% CI: 4.05-6.86; HR = 5.62, 95% CI: 4.05-7.79). The MAP measured at 13th and 20th week totally mediated 33.1 and 26.7% of association between T1GWG GWG and HDP in total participants and overweight/obesity pregnancies, respectively. The area under receiver operator characteristic curve for predictive model utilizing early GWG category and MAP measured at 13th and 20th week for the risk of HDP is 0.760 (95% CI: 0.739-0.777). The T1GWG was associated with de novo HDP, which was partially mediated by MAP measured at 13th and 20th week. Early GWG category showed a better predictive capacity for the risk of HDP compared to the National Academy of Medicine criteria for T1GWG.

4.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2200753, 2022 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35522020

RESUMO

Most existing stretchable batteries can generally only be stretched uniaxially and suffer from poor mechanical and electrochemical robustness to withstand extreme mechanical and environmental challenges. A highly efficient bifunctional electrocatalyst is herein developed via the unique self-templated conversion of a guanosine-based supramolecular hydrogel and presents a fully integrated design strategy to successfully fabricate an omnidirectionally stretchable and extremely environment-adaptable Zn-air battery (ZAB) through the synergistic engineering of active materials and device architecture. The electrocatalyst demonstrates a very low reversible overpotential of only 0.68 V for oxygen reduction/evolution reactions (ORR/OER). This ZAB exhibits superior omnidirectional stretchability with a full-cell areal strain of >1000% and excellent durability, withstanding more than 10 000 stretching cycles. Promisingly, without any additional pre-treatment, the ZAB exhibits outstanding ultra-low temperature tolerance (down to -60 °C) and superior waterproofness, withstanding continuous water rinsing (>5 h) and immersion (>3 h). The present work offers a promising strategy for the design of omnidirectionally stretchable and high-performance energy storage devices for future on-skin wearable applications.

5.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2200482, 2022 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35508896

RESUMO

The continual growth of tumor cells requires considerable nutrient consumption. Methotrexate (MTX) is used to treat certain types of cancer by blocking the DNA and RNA productions through interfering one-carbon metabolism and de novo purine and pyrimidine synthesis. However, treatment of MTX may cause many serious adverse effects, which hamper its clinical application. Herein, the authors synthesize ferrous ions, histidine, and MTX assembled nanoparticles (FHM) to deliver MTX at tumor site and enhance the sensitivity of tumor cells to MTX with histidine catabolism. Furthermore, fasting-mimicking diet (FMD) is applied to intervene in the one-carbon metabolism and enhance the cytotoxicity of MTX. Meanwhile, FMD treatment can significantly augment the cellular uptake and tumor accumulation of FHM nanoparticles. Due to the triple inhibitions of the one-carbon metabolism, the proliferation of tumor cells is strongly disturbed, as which is highly replying on DNA and RNA production. Taken together, a 95% lower dose of MTX adopted in combined therapy significantly inhibits the growth of two types of murine tumors without evident systemic toxicity. This strategy may provide a promising nucleotide metabolism-based nanomedicine for cancer therapy.

9.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2105056, 2022 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35524585

RESUMO

With the development of artificial intelligence and Internet of Things, hand gesture recognition techniques have attracted great attention owing to their excellent applications in developing human-machine interaction (HMI). Here, the authors propose a non-contact hand gesture recognition method based on intelligent metasurface. Owing to the advantage of dynamically controlling the electromagnetic (EM) focusing in the wavefront engineering, a transmissive programmable metasurface is presented to illuminate the forearm with more focusing spots and obtain comprehensive echo data, which can be processed under the machine learning technology to reach the non-contact gesture recognition with high accuracy. Compared with the traditional passive antennas, unique variations of echo coefficients resulted from near fields perturbed by finger and wrist agonist muscles can be aquired through the programmable metasurface by switching the positions of EM focusing. The authors realize the gesture recognition using support vector machine algorithm based on five individual focusing spots data and all-five-spot data. The influences of the focusing spots on the gesture recognition are analyzed through linear discriminant analysis algorithm and Fisher score. Experimental verifications prove that the proposed metasurface-based non-contact wireless design can realize the classification of hand gesture recognition with higher accuracy than traditional passive antennas, and give an HMI solution.

10.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; PP2022 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35560101

RESUMO

This article investigates the co-design problem of adaptive event-triggered schemes (AETSs) and asynchronous fault detection filter (AFDF) for nonhomogeneous higher-level Markov jump systems, involving the hidden Markov model (HMM), higher-level Markov chain (MC), and conic-type nonlinearities. The transformation of the system transition probability can be reflected by the designed higher-level MC. An HMM with another conditional transition probability is applied to detect higher-level Markov processes and make the system be more practical. In order to balance the utilization of network resources and system performance, a novel AETS is proposed and used in the construction of the AFDF. By the Lyapunov theory, sufficient conditions are given to ensure the existences of the AETS and AFDF. It is not only an appropriate tradeoff between the utilization of network resources and system performance, but also reduces the conservatism. Finally, a numerical example is given to detect the faults effectively by the co-designed AFDF.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35550242

RESUMO

Three strains of members of the family Bacillaceae, which can inhibit the growth of some Gram-stain-positive strains, designated M4U3P1T, HD4P25T and RD4P76T, were isolated from Suaeda salsa halophytes in Baotou, Inner Mongolia, PR China. A phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene and the whole genome sequences revealed that HD4P25T clustered with Cytobacillus luteolus YIM 93174T with a similarity of 98.4 %, and RD4P76T shared the highest similarity of 16S rRNA gene with Bacillus mesophilus SA4T (97.5 %). M4U3P1T clustered with strains of genera Salipaludibacillus and Alkalicoccus based on whole-genome sequence analyses, but its 16S rRNA gene had the highest similarity to 'Evansella tamaricis' EGI 80668 (96.1 %). The average nucleotide's identity by blast (ANIb) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values of the three isolated strains to their close relatives were well below the threshold value for identifying a novel species.On the basis of the phylogenetic, physiological and phenotypic results, Paenalkalicoccus suaedae gen. nov., sp. nov. [type strain M4U3P1T (=CGMCC 1.17076T=JCM 33851T)], Cytobacillus suaedae sp. nov. [type strain HD4P25T (=CGMCC 1.18651T =JCM 34524T)], and Bacillus suaedae sp. nov. [type strain RD4P76T (=CGMCC 1.18659T=JCM 34525T)] were proposed, respectively. All three species are ubiquitous in the bulk saline-alkaline soils, but only the species represented by strain RD4P76T was widely distributed in the rhizosphere soil, the above-ground part and the roots of S. salsa. The species represented by M4U3P1T can be detected in the roots of S. salsa, and rarely detected in the above-ground parts of S. salsa. The species represented by HD4P25T was rarely detected in the interior of S. salsa. The three strains could inhibit some of the Gram-stain-positive bacteria (i.e. members of the genera Planococcus, Zhihengliuella and Sanguibacter) in the saline-alkali soil. A genomic analysis of these three strains revealed that they can synthesize different antagonistic compounds, such as aminobenzoate and bacitracin or subtilisin.

13.
Transl Cancer Res ; 11(4): 935-942, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35571671

RESUMO

Background: The liver cyst is commonly treated by hepatobiliary surgery. Generally, most patients show no apparent symptoms and often get diagnosed accidentally during the imaging examinations. In addition, most patients with liver cysts follow a benign course, with fewer severe complications and rare occurrences of malignant changes. Therefore, based on disease characteristics and healthcare costs, long-term regular follow-up of liver cysts are rarely performed clinically. Case Description: Here, we reported two previously treated or observed cases for liver cysts, where intrahepatic neoplastic lesions were found unexpectedly at the liver cyst during follow-up. These two patients' clinical manifestations and laboratory examinations lacked specificity with unclear pre-operative diagnosis, whereas the post-operative pathology confirmed cholangiocarcinoma. One of the patients was a 64-year-old female with right upper abdominal distension. She underwent cyst fenestration for a liver cyst 3 years ago. In the latest admission, imaging examination revealed a tumor in the left inner lobe of the liver. The tumor was located in the exact fenestration location, and the pathological diagnosis of cholangiocarcinoma was made after surgical resection. The patient received Lenvatinib post-operatively and had no recurrence during the follow-up. Another patient, a 68-year-old woman, was asymptomatic, but the liver margin was palpable under the ribs on her physical examination. She had a previous diagnosis of liver cysts and was on regular yearly follow-up. In the last follow-up, a tumor was found close to a cyst. It was diagnosed as intrahepatic cystadenocarcinoma before surgery; however, the pathological features after surgical resection were more consistent with the cholangiocarcinoma. The patient had lung metastases 2 months after the surgery, but her condition improved after receiving targeted therapy and immunotherapy. Moreover, she is alive to this day. Conclusions: We reported 2 cases of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma discovered accidentally during the follow-up of hepatic cysts. The location of the malignant tumor coincided with the location of the cyst, making the clinical differential diagnosis problematic. Therefore, it is necessary to be vigilant about the possibility of combined malignant tumors for the follow-up of complex cysts, as early detection and treatment may help improve the prognosis of these patients. After surgery, multimodal therapy, including chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and targeted therapy, is helpful.

14.
J Geriatr Cardiol ; 19(4): 292-300, 2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35572221

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) is commonly performed worldwide. However, the clinical characteristics of hospitalized patients with AF and national trends in catheter ablation at tertiary hospitals in China remain unreported. METHODS: This study used the Chinese national database (Hospital Quality Monitoring System) from 2013 to 2016, which is a mandatory database that collects the front page of patients' medical records for hospital accreditation, to describe the clinical characteristics of patients with AF as an overall cohort and as subgroups divided by catheter ablation and sex. RESULTS: Of 597,919 AF patients first admitted, 57,983 patients underwent catheter ablation [56,384 cases (97.2%) of radiofrequency ablation and 1599 cases (2.8%) of cryoablation] at 746 tertiary hospitals. Nearly 10% of patients hospitalized with AF at tertiary hospitals in China underwent catheter ablation, and the percentage of patients undergoing catheter ablation was on the rise between 2013 and 2016, and the number of cases increased by 2.5 times. Compared with AF patients who did not undergo catheter ablation, those who did were younger, more frequently male, and had fewer baseline comorbidities. Although the overall CHA2DS2VASc score revealed over half of the patients were high-risk, patients who underwent catheter ablation were mostly low-risk (71.2% of males and 59.1% of females). Considering in-hospital adverse events, the overall pericardial tamponade and all-cause death incidences were 0.2% (0.6% in the ablation group) and 1.2% (0.1% in the ablation group), respectively; both of which were higher in females than males. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, AF patients who underwent catheter ablation were relatively young, had a low thrombosis risk, and had few comorbidities and adverse events. Females were older and experienced more complications than males.

15.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 847348, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35574024

RESUMO

Background: As mean HbA1c provides incomplete information regarding glycemic variability, there has been considerable interest in the emerging association between glycemic variability and macrovascular events and with microvascular complications and mortality in adults with and without diabetes. However, the association between long-term glycemic variability, represented by visit-to-visit HbA1c variability, and functional limitations has not been clarified in previous literature. The present study aimed to explore the longitudinal association between long-term glycemic variability, represented by visit-to-visit HbA1c variability and functional limitations. Methods: This cohort study included adults aged over 50 years who participated in the 2006 to 2016 waves of the Health and Retirement Study. Physical functions, including mobility, large muscle function, activities of daily living (ADLs), and instrumental ADLs (IADLs), were assessed at baseline and every 2 years, and HbA1c levels were assessed at baseline and every 4 years. Visit-to-visit HbA1c variability was calculated using the HbA1c variability score (HVS) during the follow-up period. Generalized estimating equation models were used to evaluate the longitudinal association between HbA1c variability and functional limitations with adjustment for a series of confounders. Results: A total of 5,544 participants having three HbA1c measurements from 2006 to 2016, having two or more physical function measures (including one at baseline), and age over 50 years were included in this analysis. The mean age at baseline was 66.13 ± 8.39 years. A total of 916 (16.5%) participants had an HVS = 100, and 35.1% had an HVS = 50. The highest HVS category (HVS =100) was associated with increased functional status score (ß = 0.093, 95% CI: 0.021-0.165) in comparison with the lowest HVS category (HVS = 0). Sensitivity analyses using the CV and SD of HbA1c as measures of variability showed similar associations between HbA1c variability and functional limitation. An incremental increase in HbA1c-CV (ß = 0.630, 95% CI: 0.127-1.132) or HbA1c-SD (ß = 0.078, 95% CI: 0.006-0.150) was associated with an increase in functional limitation in the fully adjusted model. Conclusions: HbA1c variability was associated with heightened difficulty in performing functional activities over time after adjusting for mean HbA1c levels and multiple demographics and comorbidities. This study provides further evidence regarding the detrimental effect of HbA1c variability and highlights the significance of steady glycemic control.

16.
Wiley Interdiscip Rev RNA ; : e1740, 2022 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35574699

RESUMO

Central nervous system injury diseases can cause the loss of many neurons, and it is difficult to regenerate. The field of regenerative medicine believes that supplementing the missing neurons may be an ideal method for nerve injury repair. Recent studies have found that down-regulation of polypyrimidine tract binding protein 1 (PTBP1) expression can make glial cells transdifferentiate into different types of neurons, which is expected to be an alternative therapy to restore neuronal function. This article summarized the research progress on the structure and biological function of the PTBP family, the mutual regulation of PTBP1 and PTBP2, their role in neurogenesis, and the latest research progress in targeting PTBP1 to mediate the transdifferentiation of glial cells into neurons, which may provide some new strategies and new ideas for the future treatment of central nervous system injury and neurodegenerative diseases. This article is categorized under: RNA Processing > Splicing Regulation/Alternative Splicing.

17.
BMC Psychiatry ; 22(1): 328, 2022 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35538454

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies on the association of online courses and mental health were mainly conducted in universities, and no study investigated the relationship between characteristics of online courses and children's mental health in primary and secondary school. This study aimed to explore the association of online courses and children's mental health in primary and secondary school. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted through an online survey among 540 primary and secondary school students and their parents in the eastern, central and western region of China from April to May in 2020. Children's mental health was assessed by the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Borderline mental health problems (SDQ total difficulties score ≥ 16) and mental health problems (SDQ total difficulties score ≥ 20) were defined according to Goodman's standard. Multivariable linear and logistic regression models were used to examine the association between online courses and children's mental health. RESULTS: Compared with those who did not have problems of online courses, children having the difficulty in understanding the content of online courses had a higher SDQ total difficulties score [ß = 1.80, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.89, 2.71] and a higher risk of borderline mental health problems [odds ratio (OR) = 1.93, 95%CI: 1.07, 3.49], while device or internet connection problems were not significantly associated with children's mental health. Compared with children who had live courses, those having video-recorded courses had a higher SDQ total difficulties score (ß = 0.90, 95%CI: 0.01, 1.80). Children who spent more than 4 h on online courses had a higher SDQ total difficulties score than those of less than or equal to 4 h (ß = 0.95, 95%CI: 0.09, 1.81). CONCLUSION: We found that online courses with inappropriate characteristics were associated with children's mental health. The findings called for the efforts to optimize the online courses and improve children's mental health.

18.
Animals (Basel) ; 12(9)2022 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35565616

RESUMO

Polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) are the first line of defense against the invasion of foreign pathogenic microorganisms and play an essential role in the immune system of dairy cows. The changes in hormone secretion and metabolites of dairy cows during the perinatal period are the key factors that cause immunosuppression and increased risk of diseases. However, the effects of the hormone, nonesterified fatty acid (NEFA), and short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) on the transmammary epithelial migration of dairy cows and the formation of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) have rarely been studied. This study explored the effects of hormones, NEFAs and SCFAs on the neutrophil migration and NETs formation of dairy cows in vitro. It was found that P4 and Ac can regulate the transepithelial migration of PMN; SA and Pr can regulate the formation of NETs; E2, OA and Bt can regulate PMN transepithelial migration and NET formation. These results help to further explain the effects of changes in hormone secretion and metabolites on immunosuppression and the increased risk of disease in perinatal dairy cows.

19.
Nutrients ; 14(9)2022 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35565849

RESUMO

Excessive fructose intake is associated with the increased risk of mental illness, such as depression, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Our previous study found that high fructose diet (FruD)-fed mice exhibited neuroinflammation, hippocampal neurogenesis decline and blood-brain barrier (BBB) damage, accompanied by the reduction of gut microbiome-derived short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs). Here, we found that chronic stress aggravated these pathological changes and promoted the development of depressive-like behaviors in FruD mice. In detail, the decreased number of newborn neurons, mature neurons and neural stem cells (NSCs) in the hippocampus of FruD mice was worsened by chronic stress. Furthermore, chronic stress exacerbated the damage of BBB integrity with the decreased expression of zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1), claudin-5 and occludin in brain vasculature, overactivated microglia and increased neuroinflammation in FruD mice. These results suggest that high fructose intake combined with chronic stress leads to cumulative negative effects that promote the development of depressive-like behaviors in mice. Of note, SCFAs could rescue hippocampal neurogenesis decline, improve BBB damage and suppress microglia activation and neuroinflammation, thereby ameliorate depressive-like behaviors of FruD mice exposed to chronic stress. These results could be used to develop dietary interventions to prevent depression.

20.
ISME J ; 2022 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35568757

RESUMO

Bamboo rats (Rhizomys pruinosus) are among the few mammals that lives on a bamboo-based diet which is mainly composed of lignocellulose. However, the mechanisms of adaptation of their gut microbiome and metabolic systems in the degradation of lignocellulose are largely unknown. Here, we conducted a multi-omics analysis on bamboo rats to investigate the interaction between their gut microbiomes and metabolic systems in the pre- and post-weaning periods, and observed significant relationships between dietary types, gut microbiome, serum metabolome and host gene expression. For comparison, published gut microbial data from the famous bamboo-eating giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) were also used for analysis. We found that the adaptation of the gut microbiome of the bamboo rat to a lignocellulose diet is related to a member switch in the order Bacteroidales from family Bacteroidaceae to family Muribaculaceae, while for the famous bamboo-eating giant panda, several aerobes and facultative anaerobes increase after weaning. The conversion of bacteria with an increased relative abundance in bamboo rats after weaning enriched diverse carbohydrate-active enzymes (CAZymes) associated with lignocellulose degradation and functionally enhanced the biosynthesis of amino acids and B vitamins. Meanwhile, the circulating concentration of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) derived metabolites and the metabolic capacity of linoleic acid in the host were significantly elevated. Our findings suggest that fatty acid metabolism, including linoleic acid and SCFAs, are the main energy sources for bamboo rats in response to the low-nutrient bamboo diet.

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