Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 508
Filtrar
1.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 23(1): 1, 2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34980067

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to discuss the treatment of extra-articular distal humeral shaft fractures using ultrasound-guided preoperative localization of radial nerve. METHODS: Between May 2010 and December 2019, 56 patients with extra-articular distal humeral shaft fractures were retrospectively reviewed. Twenty eight patients were received examination by using preoperative localization of radial nerve guided by ultrasound-guided preoperative localization (group A) and 28 control patients without ultrasound-guided (group B). All patients were treated surgically for distal humeral shaft fractures by posterior approach techniques. Operative time, radial nerve exposure time, intraoperative bleeding volume, union time and iatrogenic radial nerve palsy rate were compared between the two groups. Elbow function was also evaluated using the Mayo Elbow Performance Score (MEPS). RESULTS: A significant difference was observed between the two groups, Operative time (113.25 min vs 135.86 min) (P < 0.001), radial nerve exposure time (20.82 min vs 32.53 min) (P < 0.001), intraoperative bleeding volume (246.80 ml vs 335.52 ml) (P < 0.001). However, iatrogenic radial nerve palsy rate (3.6% vs 7.1%) (P = 0.129), the fracture union time (13.52 months vs 12.96 months) (P = 0.796) and the MEPS score (87.56 vs 86.38) (P = 0.594) were no significantly different in both groups. CONCLUSIONS: The study demonstrates that ultrasound-guided preoperative localization is an effective approach in the treatment of extra-articular distal humeral shaft fracture by revealing radial nerve, which may help reduce the operative time, radial nerve exposure time and the intraoperative bleeding volume.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Úmero , Nervo Radial , Placas Ósseas , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Fraturas do Úmero/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Úmero/cirurgia , Úmero , Nervo Radial/diagnóstico por imagem , Nervo Radial/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção
2.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 28: 10760296211070009, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34981993

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the dynamic variation of D-dimer and to evaluate the efficacy and accuracy of D-dimer level in patients with thoracolumbar fractures caused by high-energy injuries. METHODS: A total of 121 patients with thoracolumbar fractures caused by high-energy injuries were retrospectively identified and included in this study. There were 83 males and 38 females, with an average age of 48.6 ± 11.2 years. All patients were treated with either screw fixation surgery or decompression fixation surgery. The D-dimer levels were measured 1 day before surgery and on the first, third, and fifth days after surgery. The dynamic variation of D-dimer and the effects of risk factors on D-dimer levels were analysed. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed and the appropriate D-dimer cut-off level was determined for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) screening. RESULTS: Due to a trough on the third day, D-dimer levels grew in an unsustainable manner following surgery (P < 0.001). Patients with the operation time >120 min (P = 0.009) and those with an American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) score A-C (P < 0.001) had higher D-dimer levels. The area under the curve of D-dimer was the greatest on the third day. Applying stratified cut-off values did not change the sensitivity, specificity and negative predictive value in the group with an operation time >120 min, and ASIA score A-C group. CONCLUSIONS: D-dimer levels elevated with fluctuation in patients with thoracolumbar fractures caused by high-energy injuries after surgery. Both operation time and ASIA score had an impact on D-dimer levels. Regarding DVT diagnoses, the diagnostic value of D-dimer was highest on the third day postoperatively, and stratified cut-off values by these two factors did not show better diagnostic efficacy compared with a collective one.

3.
Dalton Trans ; 51(2): 685-694, 2022 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34909812

RESUMO

Self-assembly of two Zn-MOFs, [Zn2L(DMF)3]·H2O·5DMF (1) and [Zn2L(H2O)2]·4H2O·3DMF (2), was achieved with an amide-functionalized tetracarboxylate ligand under similar conditions. Incorporated amide groups make the tetratopic linkers exhibit different configurations, tetrahedron and square, and subsequently combine tetrahedral [Zn2(CO2)4] clusters or square paddle-well [Zn2(CO2)4] clusters to afford a lon net for 1 and a nbo net for 2. Remarkably, 2 demonstrated high porosity and amide group decorated cages, and thereby proved to be a good capturing agent for a fluorescent dye molecule (DMASM). Consequently, a dual-emitting DMASM@2 sensor was successfully fabricated based on effective energy transfer from the host framework to DMASM with the variable luminescent color being visible to the naked eye. DMASM@2 could be used for the detection of metronidazole (MDZ) and dimetridazole (DTZ) with high sensitivity and remarkable recyclability.

4.
J Environ Manage ; 303: 114231, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34906833

RESUMO

In recent years, combined sewer overflow (CSO) has been identified as a significant contributor to the deterioration of the urban water environment. It is thought that remolding it to a separate sewer system is a thorough and effective method of controlling the CSO in the appropriate area. However, according to current research, the separate stormwater sewer systems will also have overflow pollution due to functional defects, damaged or inappropriately connected with sewage, which has serious consequences for the separate system's operational efficiencies and the urban water environment. The event mean concentration, first flush effect, source apportionment, and correlation analysis of variables in overflow pollution generated in three residential catchments in Nanning, China, were investigated in this study. The results showed that the event mean concentration values in drainage outlets inappropriately connected with sewage were 2-4 times higher than those in stormwater outlets, especially for NH3-N, TN, and TP. Meanwhile, more than 80% of overflow events at outlets inappropriately connected with sewage had a weak first flush or even a weak dilution effect, with peak pollutant concentrations occurring 40-60 min after the overflow began. Besides, the discharge pollution load was primarily derived from the inside of the sewer. When the rainfall was heavy, the contribution rate of sewer sediment erosion exceeded 60%, which was much higher than the contribution rate of rainfall runoff and sewage. The variability in event mean COD and TSS concentrations was primarily attributed to the antecedent dry period and rainfall intensity. The COD concentration increased from 140.7 to 277.1 mg/L with the increase of antecedent dry period from 3 to 10 days. This study could help guide the implementation of targeted measures to treat overflow pollution in urban residential catchments, as well as the development of strategies to mitigate the effects on receiving water bodies.


Assuntos
Esgotos , Movimentos da Água , Monitoramento Ambiental , Poluição Ambiental , Chuva
5.
Bioresour Technol ; 344(Pt B): 126317, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34780911

RESUMO

Haematococcus pluvialis is traditionally cultivated in a suspension for astaxanthin production. This study presents the novel cultivation approach by immobilized H. pluvialis in bacterial cellulose (BC) produced from the symbiosis of Gluconacetobacter xylinus and H. pluvialis. It was observed that the immobilization itself was a regulator to increase the astaxanthin content. The key genes associated to astaxanthin synthesis, such as psy, lcy, bkt, chy, were significantly up-regulated after immobilization. BC immobilized gel can be utilized concurrently with different technologies to improve astaxanthin accumulation (e.g., amount of induction medium, area of biogel, et al). A small-scale screen panel photobioreactor was design to explore the application of the cultivation approach. Compared to suspended culture, the induction time was shortened from 7 days to 3 days. Astaxanthin productivity of red stage reached 343.2 mg·m-2·d-1. This was greater than that of many other cultivation systems.


Assuntos
Clorófitas , Celulose , Fotobiorreatores , Xantofilas
6.
Bioresour Technol ; 344(Pt A): 126117, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34653631

RESUMO

Fucoxanthin (Fx) has gained a growing attention due to the remarkable biological activities. The limited biomass of was the restrictive factor for Fx production in Phaeodactylum tricornutum. In this study, Laminaria japonica hydrolysate (LPH) with a low addition proportion of 1.5 ml/L, was proved to promote fucoxanthin accumulation and cell growth simultaneously. Fx topped at 27.9 mg/L after 10-d cultivation in the LPH group, with a biomass of 1.59 g/L and a Fx content of 17.55 mg/g. Three key plant hormones in LPH were screened responsible for promoting fucoxanthin accumulation. Transcriptomic analysis and qRT-PCR results showed that genes related to Fx formation were generally up- regulated. The study demonstrated that LPH addition was a feasible and efficient strategy to enhance production of fucoxanthin, facilitating the scale-up production of Fx in autotrophic culture.


Assuntos
Diatomáceas , Laminaria , Biomassa , Diatomáceas/genética , Xantofilas
7.
Front Neurosci ; 15: 770690, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34887725

RESUMO

Even though lifestyle changes are the mainstay approach to address obesity, Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) are the most effective and durable treatments facing this pandemic and its associated metabolic conditions. The traditional classifications of bariatric surgeries labeled them as "restrictive," "malabsorptive," or "mixed" types of procedures depending on the anatomical rearrangement of each one of them. This conventional categorization of bariatric surgeries assumed that the "restrictive" procedures induce their weight loss and metabolic effects by reducing gastric content and therefore having a smaller reservoir. Similarly, the "malabsorptive" procedures were thought to induce their main energy homeostatic effects from fecal calorie loss due to intestinal malabsorption. Observational data from human subjects and several studies from rodent models of bariatric surgery showed that neither of those concepts is completely true, at least in explaining the multiple metabolic changes and the alteration in energy balance that those two surgeries induce. Rather, neuro-hormonal mechanisms have been postulated to underly the physiologic effects of those two most performed bariatric procedures. In this review, we go over the role the autonomic nervous system plays- through its parasympathetic and sympathetic branches- in regulating weight balance and glucose homeostasis after SG and RYGB.

8.
Front Immunol ; 12: 727464, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34899689

RESUMO

Background: PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor immunotherapy has showed impressive activity in various cancers, especially relapsed/refractory (r/r) classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL). However, acquired resistance is inevitable for most patients. Sometimes severe side effects also lead to treatment termination. When immunotherapy failed, alternative treatment options are limited. In the past few years, we have used the anti-angiogenic agent apatinib and PD-1 inhibitor camrelizumab to treat cHL patients who failed prior immunotherapy. In this study, we analyzed the data of these patients. Patients and Methods: Patients with r/r cHL who had failed immunotherapy and subsequently received apatinib-camrelizumab (AC) combination therapy were included in this study. Patient data were collected from medical records and follow-up system. The efficacy and safety of AC therapy were analyzed. Results: Seven patients who failed immunotherapy were identified in our database, of which five patients acquired immunotherapy resistance and two patients experienced severe side effects. They received a combination of camrelizumab (200 mg every four weeks) and apatinib (425 mg or 250 mg per day). As of the cut-off date, these patients had received a median of 4 cycles (range, 2 - 31) of treatment. Two (2/7) patients achieved complete response, four (4/7) partial response, and one (1/7) stable disease. The median progression-free survival was 10.0 months (range, 2.0 - 27.8). Low-dose apatinib (250 mg) plus camrelizumab was well tolerated and had no unexpected side effects. Besides, no reactive cutaneous capillary endothelial proliferation was observed in AC-treated patients. Conclusions: Low dose apatinib plus camrelizumab might be a promising treatment option for r/r cHL patients who have failed immunotherapy. This combination treatment is worthy of further investigation in more patients including solid cancer patients who have failed immunotherapy.

9.
Front Chem ; 9: 786970, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34912785

RESUMO

A non-enzymatic electrochemical sensor for glucose detection is executed by using a conductive metal-organic framework (MOF) Cu-MOF, which is built from the 2,3,6,7,10,11-hexahydroxytriphenylene (HHTP) ligand and copper acetate by hydrothermal reaction. The Cu-MOF demonstrates superior electrocatalytic activity for glucose oxidation under alkaline pH conditions. As an excellent non-enzymatic sensor, the Cu-MOF grown on Cu foam (Cu-MOF/CF) displays an ultra-low detection limit of 0.076 µM through a wide concentration range (0.001-0.95 mM) and a strong sensitivity of 30,030 mA µM-1 cm-2. Overall, the Cu-MOF/CF exhibits a low detection limit, high selectivity, excellent stability, fast response time, and good practical application feasibility for glucose detection and can promote the development of MOF materials in the field of electrochemical sensors.

10.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 24337, 2021 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34934079

RESUMO

Accurate quantification of volatile fatty acid (VFA) concentrations in rumen fluid are essential for research on rumen metabolism. The study comprehensively investigated the pros and cons of High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and 1H Nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR) analysis methods for rumen VFAs quantification. We also investigated the performance of several commonly used data pre-treatments for the two sets of data using correlation analysis, principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA). The molar proportion and reliability analysis demonstrated that the two approaches produce highly consistent VFA concentrations. In the pre-processing of NMR spectra, line broadening and shim correction may reduce estimated concentrations of metabolites. We observed differences in results using multiplet of different protons from one compound and identified "handle signals" that provided the most consistent concentrations. Different data pre-treatment strategies tested with both HPLC and NMR significantly affected the results of downstream data analysis. "Normalized by sum" pre-treatment can eliminate a large number of positive correlations between NMR-based VFA. A "Combine" strategy should be the first choice when calculating the correlation between metabolites or between samples. The PCA and PLS-DA suggest that except for "Normalize by sum", pre-treatments should be used with caution.

11.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 12(1): 607, 2021 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34930450

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Depletion of oocytes leads to ovarian aging-associated infertility, endocrine disruption and related diseases. Excitingly, unlimited oocytes can be generated by differentiation of primordial germ cell like cells (PGCLCs) from pluripotent stem cells. Nevertheless, development of oocytes and follicles from PGCLCs relies on developmentally matched gonadal somatic cells, only available from E12.5 embryos in mice. It is therefore imperative to achieve an in vitro source of E12.5 gonadal somatic cells. METHODS: We explored to identify small molecules, which can induce female embryonic stem cells (ESCs) into gonadal somatic cell like cells. RESULTS: Using RNA-sequencing, we identified signaling pathways highly upregulated in E12.5_gonadal somatic cells (E12.5_GSCs). Through searching for the activators of these pathways, we identified small-molecule compounds Vitamin C (Vc) and AM580 in combination (V580) for inducing differentiation of female embryonic stem cells (ESCs) into E12.5_GSC-like cells (E12.5_GSCLCs). After V580 treatment for 6 days and sorted by a surface marker CD63, the cell population yielded a transcriptome profile similar to that of E12.5_GSCs, which promoted meiosis progression and folliculogenesis of primordial germ cells. This approach will contribute to the study of germ cell and follicle development and oocyte production and have implications in potentially treating female infertility. CONCLUSION: ESCs can be induced into embryonic gonadal somatic cell like cells by small molecules.

12.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 711465, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34938777

RESUMO

Background: Previous studies have shown that diazoxide can protect against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI). The intranuclear hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1)/hypoxia-response element (HRE) pathway has been shown to withstand cellular damage caused by MIRI. It remains unclear whether diazoxide post-conditioning is correlated with the HIF-1/HRE pathway in protective effect on cardiomyocytes. Methods: An isolated cardiomyocyte model of hypoxia-reoxygenation injury was established. Prior to reoxygenation, cardiomyocytes underwent post-conditioning treatment by diazoxide, and 5-hydroxydecanoate (5-HD), N-(2-mercaptopropionyl)-glycine (MPG), or dimethyloxallyl glycine (DMOG) followed by diazoxide. At the end of reoxygenation, ultrastructural morphology; mitochondrial membrane potential; interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), reactive oxygen species (ROS), and HIF-1α levels; and downstream gene mRNA and protein levels were analyzed to elucidate the protective mechanism of diazoxide post-conditioning. Results: Diazoxide post-conditioning enabled activation of the HIF-1/HRE pathway to induce myocardial protection. When the mitoKATP channel was inhibited and ROS cleared, the diazoxide effect was eliminated. DMOG was able to reverse the effect of ROS absence to restore the diazoxide effect. MitoKATP and ROS in the early reoxygenation phase were key to activation of the HIF-1/HRE pathway. Conclusion: Diazoxide post-conditioning promotes opening of the mitoKATP channel to generate a moderate ROS level that activates the HIF-1/HRE pathway and subsequently induces myocardial protection.

13.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 789062, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34925297

RESUMO

Mutations in severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) have made this virus more infectious. Previous studies have confirmed that non-structural protein 13 (NSP13) plays an important role in immune evasion by physically interacting with TANK binding kinase 1 (TBK1) to inhibit IFNß production. Mutations have been reported in NSP13; hence, in the current study, biophysical and structural modeling methodologies were adapted to dissect the influence of major mutations in NSP13, i.e., P77L, Q88H, D260Y, E341D, and M429I, on its binding to the TBK1 and to escape the human immune system. The results revealed that these mutations significantly affected the binding of NSP13 and TBK1 by altering the hydrogen bonding network and dynamic structural features. The stability, flexibility, and compactness of these mutants displayed different dynamic features, which are the basis for immune evasion. Moreover, the binding was further validated using the MM/GBSA approach, revealing that these mutations have higher binding energies than the wild-type (WT) NSP13 protein. These findings thus justify the basis of stronger interactions and evasion for these NSP13 mutants. In conclusion, the current findings explored the key features of the NSP13 WT and its mutant complexes, which can be used to design structure-based inhibitors against the SARS-CoV-2 new variants to rescue the host immune system.

14.
Small Methods ; 5(3): e2000777, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34927816

RESUMO

The assembly of gigantic heterometallic metal clusters remains a great challenge for synthetic chemistry. Herein, based on the slow release strategy of lanthanide ions and in situ formation of lacunary polyoxometalates, two giant 3d-4f polyoxometalate inorganic clusters [LaNi12 W35 Sb3 P3 O139 (OH)6 ]23- (LaNi12 ) and [La10 Ni48 W140 Sb16 P12 O568 (OH)24 (H2 O)20 ]86- (La10 Ni48 ) are obtained. The nanoscopic inorganic cluster La10 Ni48 possesses a super tetrahedron structure, which can be viewed as assembly from four LaNi12 molecules encapsulating a central [La6 (SbO3 )4 (H2 O)20 ]6+ octahedron core. This giant aesthetic La10 Ni48 tetrahedron containing 214 metal ions is the largest 3d-4f cluster reported thus far in polyoxometalate system. More interestingly, the LaNi12 and La10 Ni48 display high stability in solution and La10 Ni48 displays excellent proton conductivity.

15.
Mol Cell Endocrinol ; : 111523, 2021 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34843901

RESUMO

The GABAA receptor (GABAAR) plays important roles in the regulation of Mn-induced GnRH secretion in immature female rats. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unknown. Here, we assessed whether FTO and its substrate m6A are correlated with GABAAR expression in GnRH neurons after treatment with Mn in vitro and in vivo. Our study indicated that Mn treatment increased the expression of GnRH mRNA and decreased the levels of GABAAR protein but had no effect on GABAAR mRNA. Moreover, Mn upregulated the levels of FTO and inhibited global cellular m6A levels and GABAAα2 mRNA m6A levels. Knockdown of FTO increased the expression of GABAAR protein and GABAAα2 mRNA m6A levels. Data from rat models further demonstrate that inhibition of FTO suppressed GABAAR protein expression in the hypothalamus, causing delayed puberty onset. Collectively, our findings suggest that FTO-dependent m6A demethylation plays a critical role in regulating GABAAR mRNA processing in GnRH neurons.

16.
Cells ; 10(11)2021 10 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34831148

RESUMO

Aging refers to progressive physiological changes in a cell, an organ, or the whole body of an individual, over time. Aging-related diseases are highly prevalent and could impact an individual's physical health. Recently, artificial intelligence (AI) methods have been used to predict aging-related diseases and issues, aiding clinical providers in decision-making based on patient's medical records. Deep learning (DL), as one of the most recent generations of AI technologies, has embraced rapid progress in the early prediction and classification of aging-related issues. In this paper, a scoping review of publications using DL approaches to predict common aging-related diseases (such as age-related macular degeneration, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, arthritis, Alzheimer's and lifestyle patterns related to disease progression), was performed. Google Scholar, IEEE and PubMed are used to search DL papers on common aging-related issues published between January 2017 and August 2021. These papers were reviewed, evaluated, and the findings were summarized. Overall, 34 studies met the inclusion criteria. These studies indicate that DL could help clinicians in diagnosing disease at its early stages by mapping diagnostic predictions into observable clinical presentations; and achieving high predictive performance (e.g., more than 90% accurate predictions of diseases in aging).

17.
Microbiol Spectr ; : e0101721, 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34787487

RESUMO

A big challenge for the control of COVID-19 pandemic is the emergence of variants of concern (VOCs) or variants of interest (VOIs) of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which may be more transmissible and/or more virulent and could escape immunity obtained through infection or vaccination. A simple and rapid test for SARS-CoV-2 variants is an unmet need and is of great public health importance. In this study, we designed and analytically validated a CRISPR-Cas12a system for direct detection of SARS-CoV-2 VOCs. We further evaluated the combination of ordinary reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) and CRISPR-Cas12a to improve the detection sensitivity and developed a universal system by introducing a protospacer adjacent motif (PAM) near the target mutation sites through PCR primer design to detect mutations without PAM. Our results indicated that the CRISPR-Cas12a assay could readily detect the signature spike protein mutations (K417N/T, L452R/Q, T478K, E484K/Q, N501Y, and D614G) to distinguish alpha, beta, gamma, delta, kappa, lambda, and epsilon variants of SARS-CoV-2. In addition, the open reading frame 8 (ORF8) mutations (T/C substitution at nt28144 and the corresponding change of amino acid L/S) could differentiate L and S lineages of SARS-CoV-2. The low limit of detection could reach 10 copies/reaction. Our assay successfully distinguished 4 SARS-CoV-2 strains of wild type and alpha (B.1.1.7), beta (B.1.351), and delta (B.1.617.2) variants. By testing 32 SARS-CoV-2-positive clinical samples infected with the wild type (n = 5) and alpha (n = 11), beta (n = 8), and delta variants (n = 8), the concordance between our assay and sequencing was 100%. The CRISPR-based approach is rapid and robust and can be adapted for screening the emerging mutations and immediately implemented in laboratories already performing nucleic acid amplification tests or in resource-limited settings. IMPORTANCE We described CRISPR-Cas12-based multiplex allele-specific assay for rapid SARS-CoV-2 variant genotyping. The new system has the potential to be quickly developed, continuously updated, and easily implemented for screening of SARS-CoV-2 variants in resource-limited settings. This approach can be adapted for emerging mutations and implemented in laboratories already conducting SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid amplification tests using existing resources and extracted nucleic acid.

18.
Chem Biol Interact ; 351: 109754, 2021 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34822792

RESUMO

Human infertility has become the third largest serious disease in the world, seriously affecting the quality of human fertility. Studies have shown that manganese (Mn) can accumulate in the testis through the blood-testicular barrier and damage the male reproductive system. However, the mechanism has not been explored clearly. Recent studies have reported that YTH domain-containing 2 (YTHDC2) can regulate reproductive function. However, none has explored the role of YTHDC2 in Mn-induced reproductive toxicity. The present study investigated whether YTHDC2/CyclinB2 (CCNB2) pathway participates in Mn-induced reproductive toxicity using Kunming mice, spermatogonia, and the seminal plasma of male workers. The mice were received intraperitoneal (i.p.) injections of 0, 12.5, 25, and 50 mg/kg MnCl2 once daily for 2 weeks. The cells were treated with 0, 100, 200 and 400 µM MnCl2 for 24 h. Here, we found that occupational Mn exposure significantly increased Mn levels in the seminal plasma of male workers, while decreased sperm density, semen quality, and the levels of YTHDC2, CCNB1, and CCNB2. We found that Mn can inhibit the YTHDC2/CCNB2 signaling pathway and block the G2/M phase of the cell cycle. Moreover, the morphology of cells and the histomorphology of mice testis were injured. Notably, over-expression (OE) of YTHDC2 increased CCNB2 levels, reduced cell cycle arrest, and improved reproductive toxicity after Mn exposure. These findings suggest that the YTHDC2/CCNB2 signaling pathway participates in Mn-induced reproductive toxicity, and OE of YTHDC2 can mitigate the toxicity of Mn.

19.
Front Psychol ; 12: 767886, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34803850

RESUMO

Academic adjustment is a principal determining factor of undergraduate students' academic achievement and success. However, studies pay little attention to freshmen's antecedent variables of academic adjustment. This study aimed to examine the mechanisms underlying the relationship between achievement goal orientations and academic adjustment in freshmen using variable- and person-centered approaches. A sample of 578 freshmen (aged 18.29±1.04years, 58.5% female) completed questionnaires on achievement goal orientations, learning engagement, and academic adjustment. Latent profile analysis of achievement goal orientations revealed four groups: low-motivation (11.1%), approach-oriented (9.5%), average (52.8%), and multiple (26.6%). In the mediating analysis, results of the variable-centered approach showed that learning engagement mediated the effects of the mastery-approach and performance-avoidance goals on academic adjustment. For the person-centered approach, we selected the average type as the reference profile, and the analysis revealed that compared with the reference profile, learning engagement partially mediated the link between the approach-oriented profile and academic adjustment. The current study highlights the important role that achievement goal orientations and learning engagement play in academic adjustment. We discuss the implications and limitations of the findings.

20.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 34(11): 1016-9, 2021 Jul 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34812017

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect and correlation of spinopelvic sagittal parameters and facet joint angle on degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis. METHODS: From July 2016 to September 2019, a total of 120 patients with L4-L5 single segment degenerative spondylolisthesis were selected as observation objects (spondylolisthesis group), and 120 patients with L4-L5 single-segment degenerative spinal stenosis matched by gender and age were selected as the control group. The following parameters were measured by imaging data:pelvic incidence (PI), pelvic tilt (PT), sacral slope (SS), lumbar lordosis (LL), thoracic kyphosis (TK), sagittal vertical axis (SVA), L4-L5 cephalic facet joint angle, caudal facet joint angle and facet asymmetry.The differences of parameters between the two groups were compared and the meaningful parameters were analyzed by Logistic regression. The correlations between facet joint direction and spinopelvic parameters in patients with degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis were analyzed. RESULTS: There were significant differences in PI, PT, LL, SVA, cephalic facet angle and caudal facet angle between two groups (P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that PI, PT and cephalic facet joint angle were the risk factors for lumbar spondylolisthesis (P<0.05). The sagittal of the cephalic facet joint in spondylolisthesis group was significantly correlated with PI and PT(P<0.05). CONCLUSION: High PI, PT and sagittal of cephalic facet joint are the risk factors for lumbar spondylolisthesis, and the sagittal degree of facet joints is closely related to high PI and PT.


Assuntos
Espondilolistese , Articulação Zigapofisária , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Região Lombossacral , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espondilolistese/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação Zigapofisária/diagnóstico por imagem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...