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1.
Drug Deliv ; 28(1): 1455-1465, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34236248

RESUMO

Chromium poisoning has become one of the most common heavy metal poisoning occupational diseases with high morbidity and mortality. However, most antidotes detoxify the whole body and are highly toxic. To achieve hepato-targeted chromium poisoning detoxification, a novel hepato-targeted strategy was developed using aging erythrocyte membranes (AEMs) as biomimetic material coated with a dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) nanostructured lipid carrier to construct a biomimetic nano-drug delivery system. The particle size, potential, drug loading, encapsulation rate, in vitro release, and stability of the nanoparticles (NPs) were characterized. Confocal microscopy and flow cytometry showed that the prepared NPs could be phagocytized by RAW264.7 macrophage cells. The efficacy of AEM-DMSA-NPs for targeted liver detoxification was evaluated by in vitro MTT analysis and an in vivo model of chromium poisoning. The results showed that the NPs could safely and efficiently achieve targeted liver chromium poisoning detoxification. All the results indicated that the biomimetic nano-drug delivery system mediated by aging erythrocyte membranes and containing DMSA nanoparticles could be used as a novel therapeutic drug delivery system potentially targeting liver detoxification.

2.
World J Surg Oncol ; 19(1): 194, 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34215276

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Placement of a self-expanding metal stent (SEMS) in patients presenting with an acute colorectal obstruction (ACO) may obviate emergency surgery (ES), potentially effectively palliating incurable tumors, acting as a bridge to surgery (BTS) in patients with operable or potentially operable tumors and achieving effective decompression of other ACO. We present our experience with SEMS insertion by colorectal surgeons without fluoroscopic monitoring for ACO especially for acute malignant colorectal obstruction (AMCO) for nearly a 14-year period (2007-2020). AIM: To explore the safety and effectiveness of SEMS insertion in the management of ACO by colorectal surgeons using a two-person approach colonoscopy without fluoroscopic monitoring. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of patients retrospectively to identify all patients presenting to our unit with ACO especially with AMCO who had stenting carried out to achieve colonic decompression. All 434 procedures were performed by colorectal surgeons using a two-person approach colonoscopy without fluoroscopic monitoring. RESULTS: The overall technique success rate and clinic success rate by SEMS insertion were 428/434 (98.6%) and 412/434 (94.9%). The overall incidence of complications by SEMS insertion was 19/434 (4.4%). The complications included clinical perforation (6/434, 1.4%); stent migration (2/434, 0.5%), 1 of which re-stent; stent detachment (fell off) (3/434, 0.7%), none of them with re-stent; stool impaction (6/434, 1.4%), 1 of which re-stent; and abdominal or anal pain (2/434, 0.5%). There was no hemorrhage in any of the 434 patients. CONCLUSIONS: SEMS insertion is a relatively safe and effective technique for colonic decompression in dealing with ACO as either a BTS or as a palliative measure. It is also a solution to other causes of ACO such as recurrent tumor, benign diseases, or extra-luminal compression. Therefore, ES was largely avoided.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Obstrução Intestinal , Cirurgiões , Colonoscopia , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Cuidados Paliativos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 13775, 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34215826

RESUMO

Terrestrial vegetation growth activity plays pivotal roles on regional development, which has attracted wide attention especially in water resources shortage areas. The paper investigated the spatiotemporal change characteristics of vegetation growth activity using satellite-based Vegetation Health Indices (VHIs) including smoothed Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (SMN), smoothed Brightness Temperature (SMT), Vegetation Condition Index (VCI), Temperature Condition Index (TCI) and VHI, based on 7-day composite temporal resolution and 16 km spatial resolution gridded data, and also estimated the drought conditions for the period of 1982-2016 in Jing-Jin-Ji region of China. The Niño 3.4 was used as a substitution of El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) to reveal vegetation sensitivity to ENSO using correlation and wavelet analysis. Results indicated that monthly SMN has increased throughout the year especially during growing season, starts at approximate April and ends at about October. The correlation analysis between SMN and SMT, SMN and precipitation indicated that the vegetation growth was affected by joint effects of temperature and precipitation. The VCI during growing season was positive trends dominated and vice versa for TCI. The relationships between VHIs and drought make it possible to identify and quantify drought intensity, duration and affected area using different ranges of VHIs. Generally, the intensity and affected area of drought had mainly decreased, but the trends varied for different drought intensities, regions and time periods. Large-scale global climate anomalies such as Niño 3.4 exerted obvious impacts on the VHIs. The Niño 3.4 was mainly negatively correlated to VCI and positively correlated to TCI, and the spatial distributions of areas with positive (negative) correlation coefficients were mainly opposite. The linear relationships between Niño 3.4 and VHIs were in accordance with results of nonlinear relationships revealed using wavelet analysis. The results are of great importance to assess the vegetation growth activity, to monitor and quantify drought using satellite-based VHIs in Jing-Jin-Ji region.

4.
Steroids ; : 108887, 2021 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34237315

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Activin A has been reported to play important roles in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of activin A on oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL)-induced foam cell formation and explore the underlying molecular mechanisms in murine macrophage-like cell line RAW 264.7. METHODS: The effects of activin A on Dil-labeled ox-LDL uptake were examined by confocal microscopy and flow cytometry analysis. The mRNA and protein levels of cholesterol receptors were analyzed by RT-qPCR and western blot analysis, respectively. To investigate whether activin receptor-like kinase 4 (Alk4) is required for activin A-mediated cellular effects, cells were pre-treated with SB-431542. The involvement of Smad2, Smad3 and Smad4 was confirmed by transfection with specific small interfering RNAs (siRNAs). RESULTS: Activin A inhibits ox-LDL-induced foam cell formation and class A scavenger receptors (SR-A) expression, while up-regulates ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) and ABCG1 expression in RAW 264.7 macrophages. Pre-treatment with SB-431542 abolished activin A-mediated anti-atherogenic effect. Knockdown of Smad2 reversed activin A-induced inhibition of ox-LDL uptake and SR-A expression. However, knockdown of Smad3 or Smad4 did not have such effect. Meanwhile, knockdown of either Smad2, Smad3 or Smad4 reversed the activin A-induced up-regulation of ABCA1 and ABCG1. CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides novel evidence that activin A may exert anti-atherogenic effects through Alk4-Smad signaling pathway in RAW 264.7 macrophages.

5.
J Chem Phys ; 154(23): 234503, 2021 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34241278

RESUMO

Accurately estimating the nucleation rate is crucial in studying ice nucleation and ice-promoting and anti-freeze strategies. In classical nucleation theory, estimates of the ice nucleation rate are very sensitive to thermodynamic parameters, such as the chemical potential difference between water and ice Δµ and the ice-water interfacial free energy γ. However, even today, there are still many contradictions and approximations when estimating these thermodynamic parameters, introducing a large uncertainty in any estimate of the ice nucleation rate. Starting from basic concepts for a general solid-liquid crystallization system, we expand the Gibbs-Thomson equation to second order and derive second-order analytical formulas for Δµ, γ, and the nucleation barrier ΔG*, which are used in molecular dynamics simulations. These formulas describe well the temperature dependence of these thermodynamic parameters. This may be a new method of estimating Δµ, γ, and ΔG*.

6.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 12(1): 394, 2021 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34256854

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The tumour microenvironment contributes to chemotherapy resistance in gliomas, and glioma-associated mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (gaMSCs) are important stromal cell components that play multiple roles in tumour progression. However, whether gaMSCs affect chemotherapy resistance to the first-line agent temozolomide (TMZ) remains unclear. Herein, we explored the effect and mechanism of gaMSCs on resistance to TMZ in glioma cells. METHODS: Human glioma cells (cell line U87MG and primary glioblastoma cell line GBM-1) were cultured in conditioned media of gaMSCs and further treated with TMZ. The proliferation, apoptosis and migration of glioma cells were detected by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), flow cytometry and wound-healing assays. The expression of FOXS1 in glioma cells was analysed by gene microarray, PCR and Western blotting. Then, FOXS1 expression in glioma cells was up- and downregulated by lentivirus transfection, and markers of the epithelial-mesenchymal transformation (EMT) process were detected. Tumour-bearing nude mice were established with different glioma cells and treated with TMZ to measure tumour size, survival time and Ki-67 expression. Finally, the expression of IL-6 in gaMSC subpopulations and its effects on FOXS1 expression in glioma cells were also investigated. RESULTS: Conditioned media of gaMSCs promoted the proliferation, migration and chemotherapy resistance of glioma cells. The increased expression of FOXS1 and activation of the EMT process in glioma cells under gaMSC-conditioned media were detected. The relationship of FOXS1, EMT and chemotherapy resistance in glioma cells was demonstrated through the regulation of FOXS1 expression in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, FOXS1 expression in glioma cells was increased by secretion of IL-6 mainly from the CD90low gaMSC subpopulation. CONCLUSIONS: CD90low gaMSCs could increase FOXS1 expression in glioma cells by IL-6 secretion, thereby activating epithelial-mesenchymal transition and resistance to TMZ in glioma cells. These results indicate a new role of gaMSCs in chemotherapy resistance and provide novel therapeutic targets.

7.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 12(1): 398, 2021 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34256856

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A long-term of peritoneal dialysis (PD) using a hypertonic PD solution (PDS) leads to patient's peritoneal membrane (PM) injury, resulting in ultrafiltration failure (UFF) and PD drop-out. Our previous study shows that PD effluent-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (pMSCs) prevent the PM injury in normal rats after repeated exposure of the peritoneal cavity to a PDS. This study was designed to compare the cytoprotection between pMSCs and umbilical cord-derived MSCs (UC-MSCs) in the treatment of both PM and kidney injury in uremic rats with chronic PD. METHODS: 5/6 nephrectomized (5/6Nx) Sprague Dawley rats were intraperitoneally (IP) injected Dianeal (4.25% dextrose, 10 mL/rat/day) and were treated with pMSCs or umbilical cord (UC)-MSCs (approximately 2 × 106/rat/week, IP). Ultrafiltration was determined by IP injection of 30 mL of Dianeal (4.25% dextrose) with 1.5-h dewell time, and kidney failure by serum creatinine (SCr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN). The structure of the PM and kidneys was assessed using histology. Gene expression was examined using quantitative reverse transcription PCR, and protein levels using flow cytometric and Western blot analyses. RESULTS: We showed a slight difference in the morphology between pMSCs and UC-MSCs in plastic dishes, and significantly higher expression levels of stemness-related genes (NANOG, OCT4, SOX2, CCNA2, RAD21, and EXO1) and MSCs surface markers (CD29, CD44, CD90 and CD105) in UC-MSCs than those in pMSCs, but no difference in the differentiation to chondrocytes, osteocytes or adipocytes. pMSC treatment was more effective than UC-MSCs in the protection of the MP and remnant kidneys in 5/6Nx rats from PDS-induced injury, which was associated with higher resistance of pMSCs than UC-MSCs to uremic toxins in culture, and more reduction of peritoneal mesothelial cell death by the secretome from pMSCs than from UC-MSCs in response to PDS exposure. The secretome from both pMSCs and UC-MSCs similarly inactivated NOS2 in activated THP1 cells. CONCLUSIONS: As compared to UC-MSCs, pMSCs may more potently prevent PDS-induced PM and remnant kidney injury in this uremic rat model of chronic PD, suggesting that autotransplantation of ex vivo-expanded pMSCs may become a promising therapy for UFF and deterioration of remnant kidney function in PD patients.

8.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2021: 9925059, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34257519

RESUMO

Sepsis is defined as a life-threatening disease involving multiple organ dysfunction caused by dysregulated host responses to infection. To date, sepsis remains a dominant cause of death among critically ill patients. Pyroptosis is a unique form of programmed cell death mediated by the gasdermin family of proteins and causes lytic cell death and release of proinflammatory cytokines. Although there might be some positive aspects to pyroptosis, it is regarded as harmful during sepsis and needs to be restricted. Autophagy was originally characterized as a homeostasis-maintaining mechanism in living cells. In the past decade, its function in negatively modulating pyroptosis and inflammation during sepsis has attracted increased attention. Here, we present a comprehensive review of the regulatory effect of autophagy on pyroptosis during sepsis, including the latest advances in our understanding of the mechanism and signaling pathways involved, as well as the potential therapeutic application in sepsis.

9.
Nano Lett ; 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259530

RESUMO

Life is recognized as a sophisticated self-assembling material system. Cancer involves the overexpression and improper self-assembly of proteins, such as cytoskeleton protein vimentin, an emerging target related to tumor metastasis. Herein, we design a binding-induced fibrillogenesis (BIF) peptide that in situ forms fibrous networks, blocking the improper self-assembly of vimentin against cancer. The BIF peptide can bind to vimentin and subsequently perform fibrillogenesis to form fibers on vimentin. The resultant peptide fibrous network blocks vimentin skeletonization and inhibits the migration and invasion of tumor cells. In mouse models of tumor metastasis, the volume of tumor and the number of lung metastases are markedly decreased. Moreover, the efficacy of BIF peptide (5 mg/kg) is much higher than small molecular antimetastasis drug withaferin A (5 mg/kg) as a standard, indicating that the BIF peptide shows advantages over small molecular inhibitors in blocking the intracellular protein self-assembly.

10.
Biochim Biophys Acta Gen Subj ; 1865(10): 129955, 2021 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229069

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite advances in the treatments of diabetic complications, proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) still remains a major cause leading to visual loss, mainly because of the lack of pathological mechanisms and complicated protein expressions in vivo. Current study aimed to investigate the patterns of connexin43 (Cx43) changes and the possible interactions with O-GlcNAcylation in DR. METHODS: Clinical samples of vitreous and fibrovascular membranes were acquired from PDR patients during pars plana vitrectomy. Brown Norway rats were used to build diabetic animal models; to investigate the effects of O-GlcNAcylation on Cx43 expressions, total retinal O-GlcNAcylation was changed by intravitreal injections. Levels of protein expressions were examined by immunofluorescence staining and western blot. RESULTS: Our results revealed increased Cx43 expressions in a vessel-shape pattern followed by the distribution of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) in diabetic fibrovascular membranes. Similarly, Cx43 and GFAP expressions were elevated in PDR vitreous and diabetic animal retinas. Retinal O-GlcNAcylation was effectively regulated by intravitreal injections, and the increase of Cx43 and GFAP was significantly suppressed by O-GlcNAcylation inhibition under hyperglycemia conditions. CONCLUSIONS: We systemically proved the changes of Cx43 with different retinal cells, and reported the effective methods to regulate retinal O-GlcNAcylation by intravitreal injections, and clearly illustrated the downregulated effects of O-GlcNAcylation inhibition on Cx43 and GFAP expressions. GENERAL SIGNIFICANCE: Targeting connexin43 in glial cells reveals a novel mechanism to understand the formation of diabetic fibrovascular membranes and offers a potential therapeutic strategy to interfere the development of PDR.

11.
Chemosphere ; 285: 131497, 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34273700

RESUMO

Metal exposures are ubiquitous around the world, while it is lack of prospective studies to evaluate the associations of exposure to multiple metal/metalloids with incident dyslipidemia. A total of 2947 participants without dyslipidemia at baseline were included in the analyses. We utilized inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry to measure the baseline plasma metal concentrations. Unconditional logistic regression models were applied to estimate the relations between plasma metals and risk of incident dyslipidemia, and principal component analysis was performed to extract principal components of metals. During 5.01 ± 0.31 years of follow-up, 521 subjects were diagnosed with incident dyslipidemia. After multivariable adjustment, the odds ratios (ORs) of dyslipidemia comparing the highest quartiles to the lowest were 1.58 (95% CI: 1.20, 2.08; Ptrend = 0.001) for aluminum, 1.34 (95% CI: 1.03, 1.75; Ptrend = 0.03) for arsenic, 1.44 (1.09, 1.91; Ptrend = 0.03) for strontium, and 1.47 (95% CI: 1.09, 2.00; Ptrend = 0.005) for vanadium. The four metals also showed significant associations with the subtypes of dyslipidemia, including low HDL-C and high LDL-C. The first principal component, which mainly represented aluminum, arsenic, barium, lead, vanadium, and zinc, was associated with increased risk of incident dyslipidemia, and the adjusted OR was 1.40 (95% CI: 1.07, 1.84; Ptrend = 0.02) comparing extreme quartiles. The study indicated that elevated plasma aluminum, arsenic, strontium, and vanadium concentrations were associated with a higher incidence of dyslipidemia. These findings highlight the importance of controlling metal exposures for dyslipidemia prevention.

12.
PLoS One ; 16(7): e0254321, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34264978

RESUMO

Atherosclerosis (AS) is closely associated with chronic low-grade inflammation and gut dysbiosis. Metformin (MET) presents pleiotropic benefits in the control of chronic metabolic diseases, but the impacts of MET intervention on gut microbiota and inflammation in AS remain largely unclear. In this study, ApoE-/- mice with a high-fat diet (HFD) were adopted to assess the MET treatment. After 12 weeks of MET intervention (100mg·kg-1·d-1), relevant indications were investigated. As indicated by the pathological measurements, the atherosclerotic lesion was alleviated with MET intervention. Moreover, parameters in AS including body weights (BWs), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC) and malondialdehyde (MDA) were elevated; whereas high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD) levels were decreased, which could be reversed by MET intervention. Elevated pro-inflammatory interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and lipopolysaccaride (LPS) in AS were decreased after MET administration. However, anti-inflammatory IL-10 showed no significant difference between AS group and AS+MET group. Consistently, accumulated macrophages in the aorta of AS were conversely lowered with MET treatment. The results of 16S rRNA sequencing and analysis displayed that the overall community of gut microbiota in AS was notably changed with MET treatment mainly through decreasing Firmicutes, Proteobacteria, Romboutsia, Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes, as well as increasing Akkermansia, Bacteroidetes, Bifidobacterium. Additionally, we found that microbiota-derived short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) including acetic acid, propionic acid, butyric acid and valeric acid in AS were decreased, which were significantly up-regulated with MET intervention. Consistent with the attenuation of MET on gut dysbiosis, decreased intestinal tight junction protein zonula occludens-1 (ZO)-1 in AS was restored after MET supplementation. Correlation analysis showed close relationships among gut bacteria, microbial metabolites SCFAs and inflammation. Collectively, MET intervention ameliorates AS in ApoE-/- mice through restoring gut dysbiosis and anti-inflammation, thus can potentially serve as an inexpensive and effective intervention for the control of the atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease.

13.
Environ Int ; 156: 106732, 2021 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34197974

RESUMO

Severe episodic air pollution blankets entire cities and regions and have a profound impact on humans and their activities. We compiled daily fine particle (PM2.5) data from 100 cities in five continents, investigated the trends of number, frequency, and duration of pollution episodes, and compared these with the baseline trend in air pollution. We showed that the factors contributing to these events are complex; however, long-term measures to abate emissions from all anthropogenic sources at all times is also the most efficient way to reduce the occurrence of severe air pollution events. In the short term, accurate forecasting systems of such events based on the meteorological conditions favouring their occurrence, together with effective emergency mitigation of anthropogenic sources, may lessen their magnitude and/or duration. However, there is no clear way of preventing events caused by natural sources affected by climate change, such as wildfires and desert dust outbreaks.

14.
Meat Sci ; 181: 108617, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229234

RESUMO

The influence of high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) at different pressure levels (0.1, 100, 200, and 300 MPa) combined with moisture regulators (MR) on the tenderness, water content, and quality of beef jerky was investigated. HHP treatment reduced the shear force (SF) of beef jerky (P < 0.05). The beef jerky treated with MR+HHP exhibited higher tenderness than the beef jerky treated only with HHP (P < 0.05). The MR+HHP samples had significantly higher moisture content than the HHP samples (P > 0.05) when the water activity was maintained at approximately 0.7. MR+HHP contributed to a shorter T21 value and a higher P21 value, which indicated an improvement in the water-binding ability of the beef muscle. Analysis of the microstructure showed that MR+HHP led to the fracture of the Z-line and destruction of the sarcomere structure. Sensory analysis showed that MR+HHP-200 samples had significantly higher tenderness and overall acceptable scores than other samples (P < 0.05).

15.
Chemosphere ; 285: 131523, 2021 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34265702

RESUMO

This work reported the fast synthesis of magnetic polydopamine Au-Fenton catalyst (Fe3O4@PDA/Au) under UV irradiation at 365 nm. The microstructure of prepared nanocomposites was characterized by various techniques. The effects of several key factors (pH values, H2O2 content and TC concentration) of tetracycline (TC) degradation were evaluated. The results revealed that the TC and total organic carbon (TOC) removal rate reached up to 98.16% and 93.14% within 300 min under optimal conditions (pH 3, H2O2 80 µL, TC concentration 20 mg/L). Besides, HO radicals were generated during the Fenton-like degradation process and the plausible degradation mechanism was discussed. Moreover, Fe3O4@PDA/Au catalyst retained excellent catalytic capacity (TC removal rate 96.94% and TOC removal rate 87.69%) and exhibited fantastic stability after six cycles. Moreover, metal ions leaching was evaluated (0.023 mg/L). Altogether, the novel Fe3O4@PDA/Au Fenton-like catalyst is highly promising for wastewater management.

16.
BMC Plant Biol ; 21(1): 340, 2021 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34273968

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: TLPs (Tubby-like proteins) are widespread in eukaryotes and highly conserved in plants and animals. TLP is involved in many biological processes, such as growth, development, biotic and abiotic stress responses, while the underlying molecular mechanism remains largely unknown. In this paper we characterized the biological function of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) Tubby-like protein 8 (CsTLP8) in Arabidopsis. RESULTS: In cucumber, the expression of the tubby-like protein CsTLP8 was induced by NaCl treatment, but reduced by PEG (Polyethylene Glycol) and ABA (Abscisic Acid) treatment. Subcellular localization and transcriptional activation activity analysis revealed that CsTLP8 possessed two characteristics of classical transcription factors: nuclear localization and trans-activation activity. Yeast two-hybrid assay revealed interactions of CsTLP8 with CsSKP1a and CsSKP1c, suggesting that CsTLP8 might function as a subunit of E3 ubiquitin ligase. The growth activity of yeast with ectopically expressed CsTLP8 was lower than the control under NaCl and mannitol treatments. Under osmotic and salt stresses, overexpression of CsTLP8 inhibited seed germination and the growth of Arabidopsis seedlings, increased the content of MDA (Malondialdehyde), and decreased the activities of SOD (Superoxide Dismutase), POD (Peroxidase) and CAT (Catalase) in Arabidopsis seedlings. Overexpression of CsTLP8 also increased the sensitivity to ABA during seed germination and ABA-mediated stomatal closure. CONCLUSION: Under osmotic stress, CsTLP8 might inhibit seed germination and seedling growth by affecting antioxidant enzymes activities. CsTLP8 acts as a negative regulator in osmotic stress and its effects may be related to ABA.

17.
Acta Histochem ; 123(6): 151752, 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34274607

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a common tumor of the urinary system, and its global incidence is increasing annually. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are involved in RCC tumorigenesis; however, the role of circ-EGLN3 (hsa_circ_0031594) derived from the Egl nine homolog 3 (EGLN3) gene in RCC remains undetermined. METHODS: Circ-EGNL3 expression was examined before and after RNase R and actinomycin treatments in RCC cells and tissues. Cell proliferation, migration, and invasion were assessed using the CCK-8 assay, EdU staining, and wound-healing and Transwell assays. The interactions between microRNA (miR)-1224-3p and circ-EGLN3, and between miR-1224-3p and HMG box domain containing 3 (HMGXB3) were predicted by bioinformatics analysis and validated by dual-luciferase reporter assay. RESULTS: Circ-EGLN3 was identified using RNase R and actinomycin treatments. Circ-EGLN3 was upregulated in RCC cells and tissues and correlated with poor overall survival. Silencing of circ-EGNL3 decreased RCC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Mechanistic studies indicated that circ-EGNL3 acts as a sponge for miR-1224-3p, which targeted HMGXB3. Circ-EGNL3 indirectly upregulated HMGXB3 by targeting miR-1224-3p, and overexpression of circ-EGLN3 reversed the repressive effects of miR-1224-3p on RCC. CONCLUSION: Circ-EGLN3 regulated RCC progression through the miR-1224-3p/HMGXB3 axis, suggesting its potential as a therapeutic target.

18.
Anal Methods ; 2021 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34279017

RESUMO

In this study, a high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) method with solid phase extraction was established for the simultaneous determination of bisphenol A, bisphenol F, bisphenol S, 4-nonylphenol, n-nonylphenol, octylphenol, n-octylphenol, perfluorooctane sulfonate acid and perfluorooctanoic acid in vegetable oil. The sample was extracted with ammonia acetonitrile solution (1 : 9, V/V) by ultrasonication. And the obtained extract was purified by using a PRIME HLB solid phase extraction column. The identification and quantification of the compounds was performed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry in multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode. The internal standard method was used for quantitative analysis. Under optimal experimental conditions, the limits of quantitation of bisphenol A, bisphenol F, bisphenol S, 4-nonylphenol, n-nonylphenol, octylphenol and n-octylphenol in vegetable oil were 1.0 µg kg-1. The limits of quantitation of perfluorooctane sulfonic acid and perfluorooctanoic acid in vegetable oil were 0.1 µg kg-1. The average spiked recoveries of the method were in the range of 89.2-117.1% with the relative standard deviations (RSD) of 2.9-9.8% (n = 6). This method is sensitive, versatile and reproducible, and is suitable for the simultaneous determination of bisphenol A, bisphenol F, bisphenol S, 4-nonylphenol, n-nonylphenol, octylphenol, n-octylphenol, perfluorooctane sulfonate acid and perfluorooctanoic acid in vegetable oil.

19.
Redox Biol ; 45: 102056, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229160

RESUMO

Ferroptosis is primarily triggered by a failure of the glutathione (GSH)-glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) reductive system and associated overwhelming lipid peroxidation, in which enzymes regulating polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) metabolism, and in particular acyl-CoA synthetase long chain family member 4 (ACSL4), are central. Here, we found that exogenous oxygen radicals generated by photodynamic therapy (PDT) can directly peroxidize PUFAs and initiate lipid autoxidation, coinciding with cellular GSH depletion. Different from canonical ferroptosis induced by RSL3 or erastin, PDT-initiated lipid peroxidation and ferroptotis-like cell death is independent of lipoxygenase (ALOXs) and ACSL4. Especially, this form of cell death modality can be triggered in malignant cells insensitive to or acquired resistance to canonical ferroptosis inducers. We also observed a distinct iron metabolism pathway in this PDT-triggered cell death modality, in which cytosolic labile iron is decreased probably due to its relocation to mitochondria. Inhibition of the mitochondrial Ca2+ and Fe2+ uniporter (MCU) effectively prevented PDT-triggered lipid peroxidation and subsequent cell death. Therefore, we tentatively term this distinct ferroptosis-like cell death as liperoptosis. Moreover, using the clinically approved photosensitizer Verteporfin, PDT inhibited tumor growth through inducing prevailing ferroptosis-like cell death in a mouse xenograft model. With its site-specific advantages, these findings highlight the value of using PDT to trigger lipid peroxidation and ferroptosis-like cell death in vivo, and will benefit exploring the exact molecular mechanism of immunological effects of PDT in cancer treatment.

20.
Neuropharmacology ; : 108694, 2021 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34245775

RESUMO

Phosphodiesterase 7 (PDE7), one of the 11 phosphodiesterase (PDE) families, specifically hydrolyzes cyclic 3', 5'-adenosine monophosphate (cAMP). PDE7 is involved in many important functional processes in physiology and pathology by regulating intracellular cAMP signaling. Studies have demonstrated that PDE7 is widely expressed in the central nervous system (CNS) and potentially related to pathogenesis of many CNS diseases. Here, we summarized the classification and distribution of PDE7 in the brain and its functional roles in the mediation of CNS diseases such as Parkinson's disease (PD), Alzheimer's disease (AD), multiple sclerosis (MS), and schizophrenia. It is expected that the findings collected here will not only lead to a better understanding of the mechanisms by which PDE7 mediates CNS function and diseases, but also aid in the development of novel drugs targeting PDE7 for treatment of CNS diseases.

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