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1.
Tissue Eng Part A ; 2021 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33957771

RESUMO

Alveolar ridge absorbs rapidly following tooth extraction. To promote implant rehabilitation, an adequate bone and soft tissue volume are required. Three-dimensional (3D) cell printing technique provides the advantages of precise spatial distribution and personalization. In this study, 3D cell printing was used to establish a soft-hard construct that is composed of alginate/gelatin (AG)/gingival fibroblast cells (GFs) and alginate/gelatin/nano-hydroxyapatite (AGH)/bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). Physicochemical results showed that nano-hydroxyapatite (nHA) added in the bioink maintained its crystalline phase. In addition, an increase of viscosity, the improvement of compressive modulus (P<0.01), and slow degradation rate (P<0.01) were found after adding nHA. SEM showed cell stretched and attached well on the surface of the 3D printed construct. At day 7 after printing, the viability of GFs in AG was 94.80%±1.14, while BMSCs viability in AGH was 86.59%±0.75. PCR results indicated that the expression levels of ALP, RUNX-2, and OCN in BMSCs were higher in AGH than AG bioink (P<0.01). After 8-week implantation into the dorsum of 6-8-week-old male BALB/c nude mice, the cellular printed construct displayed a more integrated structure and better healing of subcutaneous tissue compared with the acellular printed construct. In conclusion, this 3D cell printed soft-hard construct exhibits favorable biocompatibility and has potential for alveolar ridge preservation.

2.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2021 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33928441

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Microsurgical principles, techniques, and armamentarium have made significant contributions to the periodontal plastic surgery. The present meta-analysis aimed to investigate the overall efficacy of microsurgery on root coverage, and its clinical outcomes when compared to traditional macrosurgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Electronic searches on PubMed, Embase, and CINAHL were used to retrieve prospective clinical trials. Primary outcomes were the mean root coverage (mRC) and probability of achieving complete root coverage (cRC), with secondary outcomes as other periodontal parameters and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs). RESULTS: Nineteen studies were included in the quantitative analysis. Microsurgery was estimated to achieve 83.3% mRC and 69.3% cRC. From a subgroup of 9 comparative studies, it was estimated microsurgery increased mRC by 6.6% (p<0.001) and cRC by 27.9% (p<0.01) compared to macrosurgical control treatments. Operating microscope (OM) yielded a significantly 6.7% higher mRC than the control group (p=0.002), while using loupes showed 6.16% increase in mRC with a borderline significance (p=0.09). OM and loupes-only had a 31.05% (p=0.001) and 25.54% (p=0.001) increases in achieving cRC compared to control, respectively. As for PROMs, microsurgery reduced postoperative pain (p<0.001) and enhanced esthetics (p= 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Microsurgery significantly improved mean root coverage, probability of achieving complete root coverage, esthetics, and post-surgical recovery. Microsurgery enhances not only subclinical healing but also clinical outcomes, possibly owing to its minimally invasive approach and surgical precision. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Periodontal plastic microsurgery is minimally invasive, inducing less surgical trauma and ultimately resulting in improved clinical outcomes, patient's satisfaction, and quality of life.

3.
J Periodontol ; 2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33904175

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data on the effectiveness of implantoplasty as adjunct to the surgical management of peri-implantitis. PURPOSE: To evaluate the resolution of peri-implantitis by means of implantoplasty as adjunct to surgical resective (RES) and reconstructive (REC) therapies and supportive maintenance. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients that underwent surgical therapy to manage peri-implantitis with a follow-up of ≥12 months enrolled in a regular peri-implant supportive care were recruited. RES group consisted of two interventions that comprehended osseous recontouring and apically position flap (APF) and soft tissue conditioning (STC). REC was performed in the infra-osseous compartment of combined defects. Implant survival rate was recorded. Clinical and radiographic parameters were evaluated to define a "dogmatic" (case definition #1) and a "flexible" (case definition #2) therapeutic success. Univariate and multivariate multilevel backward logistic regression were applied for statistical analysis. RESULTS: Overall, 43 patients (nimplants = 135) were retrospectively assessed. Mean observational period was ∼24 months. Implant survival rate was 97.8%, being significantly higher for APF, STC and APF + STC (RES) when compared to REC (p = 0.01) therapy, in particular for advanced lesions (>50% of bone loss). The overall therapeutic success rate at implant-level was 66% and 79.5% for case definition #1 and #2, respectively. APF group displayed more efficient disease resolution when considered success definition #1 (72%). Contrarily, when the data was adhered to success definition #2, STC group proved slightly more disease resolution rate (87%). For RES group, location, favoring anterior (p = 0.04) and defect type, favoring class II (p = 0.02) displayed statistical significance for therapeutic success. For REC group, implants exhibiting wider band of keratinized mucosa demonstrated higher therapeutic success (p = 0.008). CONCLUSION: Implantoplasty as adjunct to surgical therapy resulted effective in terms of disease resolution and implant survival rate. Implant location, defect morphology as well as the buccal width of keratinized mucosa are indicators of therapeutic success. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

4.
J Periodontol ; 2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33829501

RESUMO

Bleeding on probing (BOP) is regarded as an indispensable diagnostic tool for evaluating periodontal disease activity; however, its role in peri-implant disease is more intricate. Much of the confusion about the interpretation originates from drawing parallels between periodontal and peri-implant conditions. BOP can originate from two forms of probing in implants: traumatic or pathologic induction. This, in addition to the dichotomous scale of BOP can complicate diagnosis. The objective of this commentary is to discuss the following: 1) the value of BOP as a diagnostic tool for peri-implant diseases; 2) the reasons it should be distinct from value for diagnosing periodontal and peri-implant diseases; and 3) the current best evidence on how to implement it in daily clinical practice. A comprehensive bleeding index is proposed for evaluating and monitoring peri-implant conditions. BOP should be used in addition to other parameters such as visual signs of inflammation, probing depth, and progressive bone loss before a peri-implant diagnosis is established.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33819319

RESUMO

Implant-related esthetic demands have increased tremendously in recent years. The presence of shallow papillae or open interproximal spaces (black triangles) are some of the most troubling dilemmas in dentistry. Among the many factors associated with the presence of papilla or papilla height, the interproximal bone is one of the main factors dictating the presence of an adequate papilla between implants. The present case report describes a patient with severe hard and soft tissue deficiencies with a high smile line in the esthetic zone, requiring multiple implants. The step-by-step process of the utilized techniques for achieving inter-implant papilla reconstruction through a multidisciplinary approach using both hard and soft tissue augmentation procedures, as well as soft tissue conditioning with customized abutments, is delineated.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários para Um Único Dente , Implantes Dentários , Estética Dentária , Seguimentos , Gengiva , Humanos , Maxila
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33819337

RESUMO

Keratinized mucosa (KM) is regarded as a key factor in peri-implant health. A lack of KM has been associated with discomfort, higher plaque accumulation, and mucosal inflammation. Persistent inflammation might lead to progressive peri-implant bone loss. Several approaches to manage peri-implantitis have been advocated. Despite the effectiveness shown by surgical therapeutic modalities, soft tissue conditioning seems pivotal for long-term peri-implant health and stability. Free epithelial grafts have been demonstrated to efficiently augment the band of KM. Nevertheless, morbidity, dynamic soft tissue changes, and longer healing periods are shortcomings to be considered. The purpose of this technical note is to provide an alternative therapeutic modality for the surgical management of peri-implantitis combined with simultaneous soft tissue conditioning by means of pedicle flaps. Three main clinical scenarios are provided to conceive pedicle epithelial or connective tissue flaps, combined or not with collagen matrices, as predictable approaches to augment KM in the surgical therapy of peri-implantitis.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Placa Dentária , Peri-Implantite , Tecido Conjuntivo , Implantes Dentários/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Peri-Implantite/cirurgia , Retalhos Cirúrgicos
7.
J Prosthodont ; 2021 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33904640

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the accuracy of static computer-assisted implant surgery (sCAIS) for tooth-supported free-end dental implantation with the aid/and without the aid of fixation pins to secure the surgical template through comparison between planned, 3D printed guide position and placement implant position. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-two duplicated maxillary resin models were used in the present in vitro study. Digital planning was performed and fabrication of a surgical template that allowed implant placement on the distal extension edentulous site of the model (maxillary left side). A first optical scan was performed after fitting the surgical template on the model to assess the deviation at the surgical guide level. After placing implants in the model using the surgical guide, scan bodies were attached to the implants, and a second scan was performed to record the position of placed implants. The digital representations were later superimposed to the pre-operative scan and measurements of implant deviations were performed. Global (coronal and apical), horizontal (coronal and apical), depth and angular deviations were recorded between planned implant position, guide position, and placement implant position. Three-way ANOVA was used to compare implant location (#13, 14, and 15), fixation pin (with or without pin), and guide comparison (planned, guided, and placement). RESULTS: Final implant placement based on the digital plan and based on the 3D printed guide were very similar except for depth deviation. Use of fixation pin had a statistically significant effect on the depth and angular deviation. Overall, without fixation pins and based on guide versus placement, mean global coronal (0.88 ± 0.36 mm), horizontal coronal (0.55 ± 0.32 mm), and apical (1.44 ± 0.75 mm), and angular deviations (4.28 ± 2.01°) were similar to deviations with fixation pins: mean global coronal (0.88 ± 0.36 mm); horizontal coronal (0.67 ± 0.22 mm) and apical (1.60 ± 0.69 mm); and angular deviations (4.53 ± 2.04°). Horizontal apical without pins (1.63 ± 0.69 mm) and with fixation pins (1.72 ± 0.70 mm) was statistically significant (p = 0.044). Depth deviation without pins (-0.5 ± 0.5 mm) and with fixation pins (-0.16 ± 0.62 mm) was also statistically significant (p = 0.005). Further analysis demonstrated that the final sleeve position on the 3D printed guide was on average 0.5 mm more coronal than the digital plan. CONCLUSIONS: The use of surgical guides with or without fixation pins can provide clinically acceptable outcomes in terms of accuracy in implant position. There was a statistically significant difference in the accuracy of implant position when utilizing fixation pins only for horizontal apical and depth deviation. Additionally, a statistically significant difference between the planned and the 3D printed surgical guide when considering the sleeve position was detected.

8.
J Periodontol ; 2021 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33914347

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinicians predominantly use personal judgment for risk assessment. Periodontal risk assessment tools (PRATs) provide an effective and logical system to stratify patients based on their individual treatment needs. This retrospective longitudinal study aimed to validate the association of different risk categories of four PRATs (Staging and grading; Periodontal Risk Assessment (PRA); Periodontal Risk Calculator (PRC); and PerioRisk) with periodontal related tooth loss (TLP), and to compare their prognostic performance. METHODS: Data on medical history, smoking status, and clinical periodontal parameters were retrieved from patients who received surgical and non-surgical periodontal treatment. A comparison of the rate of TLP and non-periodontal related tooth loss (TLO) within the risk tool classes were performed by means of Kruskal-Wallis test followed by post-hoc comparison with the Bonferroni test. Both univariate and multivariate Cox Proportional hazard regression models were built to analyze the prognostic significance for each single risk assessment tool class on TLP. RESULTS: A total of 167 patients with 4321 teeth followed up for a mean period of 26 years were assigned to four PRATs. PerioRisk class 5 had a hazard ratio of 18.43, Stage 4 had a hazard ratio of 7.99, and PRA class 3 had a hazard ratio of 6.13 compared to class/stage I. With respect to prognostic performance, PerioRisk tool demonstrated the best discrimination and model fit followed by PRA. CONCLUSION: All PRATs displayed very good predictive capability of TLP. PerioRisk showed the best discrimination and model fit, followed by PRA. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

9.
J Prosthodont ; 2021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33876857

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the trueness and precision of virtual facebow records using a smartphone as a three-dimensional (3D) face scanner. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty repeated virtual facebow records were performed on two subjects using a smartphone as a 3D face scanner. For each subject, a virtual facebow was attached to his/her maxillary arch, and face scans were performed using a smartphone with a 3D scan application. The subject's maxillary arch intraoral scan was aligned to the face scan by the virtual facebow fork. This procedure was repeated 10 times for each subject. To investigate if the maxillary scan is located at the right position to the face, these virtual facebow records were superimposed to a cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) head scan from the same subject by matching the face scan to the 3D face reconstruction from CBCT images. The location of maxillary arch in virtual facebow records was compared with its position in CBCT. The "trueness" of the proposed procedure is defined as the deviation between maxilla arch position in virtual facebow records and the CBCT images. The "precision" is defined as the deviation between each virtual facebow record. The linear deviation at left central incisor (#9), left first molar (#14), and right first molar (#3), as well as angular deviation of occlusal plane were analyzed with descriptive statistics. Differences between two objects were also explored with Mann Whitney U test. RESULTS: The 20 virtual facebow records using the smartphone 3D scanner deviated from the CBCT measurements (trueness) by 1.14 ± 0.40 mm at #9, 1.20 ± 0.50 mm at #14, 1.12 ± 0.51 mm at the #3, and 1.48 ± 0.56° in the occlusal plane. The VFTs deviated from each other by 1.06 ± 0.50 mm at #9, 1.09 ± 0.49 mm at #14, 1.11 ± 0.58 mm at #3, and 0.81 ± 0.58° in the occlusal plane. When all sites combined, the trueness was 1.14 ± 0.40 mm, and the precision was 1.08 ± 0.52 mm. Out of eight measurements, three measurements were significantly different between subjects. Nevertheless, the mean difference was small. CONCLUSIONS: Virtual facebow records made using smartphone-based face scan can capture the maxilla position with high trueness and precision. The deviation can be anticipated as around 1 mm in linear distance and 1° in angulation.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33786888

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To clinically evaluate the use of a titanium-reinforced PTFE mesh for vertical bone augmentation (VBA) of deficient alveolar ridges. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case series documented consecutive patients treated for VBA with a newly developed PTFE mesh. VBA was performed in anterior and posterior, maxillary and mandibular arches using anorganic bovine bone combined with autogenous graft in a 1:1 ratio. Healing time from initial surgery to re-opening was recorded. Baseline vertical deficiency, absolute bone gain (gross height gained), and relative gain (percentage of defect fill with respect to the baseline deficiency) were registered. RESULTS: Fifty-seven patients (65 defects) were included in the analysis. The mean baseline vertical deficiency was 5.5 ± 2.6 mm. The mean absolute bone gain was 5.2 ± 2.4 mm. A relative gain of 96.5 ± 13.9% was achieved. Overall, 89.2% of cases showed complete regeneration, which occurred in all sites with baseline deficiencies of <5 mm, in 95.6% of sites with 5-8 mm deficiencies, and in 89.4% of sites with >8 mm deficiencies. Each 1-mm addition to the baseline height deficiency increased the likelihood of incomplete bone regeneration by 2.5 times. Defect location had a statistically significant but a limited clinical impact on the bone height gained (<0.5 mm). Complications were observed in three cases (3%). CONCLUSIONS: Vertical bone augmentation with titanium-reinforced PTFE mesh and a mixture of autologous bone and xenograft is a safe and predictable procedure. The extent of the baseline vertical deficiency influences the percentage of bone gained.

11.
J Periodontol ; 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33720410

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine if a previous history of periodontitis according to the preset definitions of the 2017 World Workshop is correlated with increased implant failure, and occurrence and severity of peri-implantitis (PI). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients with a history of periodontitis who received nonsurgical and, if indicated, surgical corrective therapy prior to implant placement was performed. Periodontitis stage and grade were determined for each included patient based on data from the time of initiation of active periodontal therapy. Cox Proportional Hazard Frailty models were built to analyze the correlation between stage and grade of periodontitis at baseline with implant failure, as well as occurrence and severity of PI. RESULTS: Ninety-nine patients with a history of periodontitis receiving 221 implants were followed for a mean duration of 10.6 ± 4.5 years after implant placement. Six implants (2.7%) failed and a higher rate of implant failure due to PI was found for grade C patients (P < 0.05), whereas only an increased trend was seen for stages III and IV compared with I and II. Grading significantly influenced the risk of marginal bone loss (MBL) >25% of the implant length (P = 0.022) in PI-affected implants. However, a direct correlation between higher-level stage and grade and PI prevalence was not recorded. CONCLUSION: No statistically significant association between periodontitis stage or grade and the prevalence of PI was found. However, when PI was diagnosed, there was a relationship between periodontitis grade and severity of PI or the occurrence of implant failure.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33660930

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: How to best classify the Stage III and IV periodontitis cases that share common features of the most severe clinical attachment loss and the most severe radiographic bone loss? CASE PRESENTATION: Two patients presented features of generalized periodontitis, with severe probing depth and clinical attachment loss that would meet inclusion in both Stage III and IV. The cases retained all teeth but were further complicated by teeth drifting and secondary occlusal trauma. Appropriate disease classification required clinical judgement and led to the final classification of Stage III, Grade C for both cases. CONCLUSION: Patient-based clinical judgement, aiming for long-term preservation of natural dentition, drives the final assignment of staging when the case falls in the "gray zone" that focuses on major differences in Stage III and IV periodontitis.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33528445

RESUMO

Vertical bone augmentation (VBA) procedures for dental implant placement are biologically and technically challenging. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses of studies on VBA have failed to identify clinical procedures that provide superior results for treatment of the vertical ridge deficiencies. A decision tree was developed to guide clinicians on selecting treatment options based on reported vertical bone gains (< 5 mm, 5 to 8 mm, > 8 mm). The choice of a particular augmentation technique will also depend on other factors, including the size and morphology of the defect, location, and clinician or patient preferences. Surgeons should consider the advantages and disadvantages of each option for the clinical situation and select an approach with low complications, low cost, and the highest likelihood of success.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar , Aumento do Rebordo Alveolar , Implantes Dentários , Perda do Osso Alveolar/cirurgia , Transplante Ósseo , Árvores de Decisões , Implantação Dentária Endo-Óssea , Humanos
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33528448

RESUMO

The aim of this article is to propose a simplified digital protocol for the treatment of the fully edentulous patient, using an immediate implant and immediate loading protocol to deliver a polymethyl methacrylate metal-reinforced hybrid prosthesis. Ten consecutive patients were treated with this approach. At the end of 1 year, there was an implant survival rate of 97.8% and a prosthetic success rate of 100%. Based on the responses to the quality of life questionnaire, patients had a high acceptance rate for this treatment protocol. Within the limits of this case series, the proposed simplified digital protocol could be utilized for reconstruction in the fully edentulous patient and for delivering an implant-supported prosthesis immediately after implant placement.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Carga Imediata em Implante Dentário , Arcada Edêntula , Boca Edêntula , Implantação Dentária Endo-Óssea , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Seguimentos , Humanos , Arcada Edêntula/cirurgia , Boca Edêntula/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Clin Oral Implants Res ; 32(5): 590-597, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33629419

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the intra-osseous temperature reached during bone drilling for dental implant placement using open versus closed static surgical guides and evaluate the influence of bone density, osteotomy drilling depth, and irrigation fluid temperature. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 960 osteotomies were performed with 2 mm pilot drills in 16 solid rigid polyurethane foam blocks. Two main variables were considered: the guide type (open or closed guide) and bone density (hard (D1) or soft (D4). The blocks were divided into four groups according to the type of surgical template and bone density as follows: group one: closed guide and hard bone; group two: open guide and hard bone; group three: closed guide and soft bone; and group four: open guide and soft bone. A combination of different experimental conditions was used, including different bone osteotomy depths (6 or 13 mm) and irrigation fluid temperatures (5°C or 21°C). RESULTS: The highest mean temperature was found in group one (28.29 ± 4.02°C). In the soft bone groups (three and four), the mean maximum temperature decreased compared to groups one and two (dense bone) and was always higher with closed guides (23.38 ± 1.92°C) compared to open guides (21.97 ± 1.22°C) (p < .001). The osteotomy depth and irrigation fluid temperature also significantly influenced the bone temperature (p < .001), especially in hard bone. CONCLUSIONS: The greatest heat generation was observed in high-density bone. The final intra-bone temperature was about 1°C higher with a closed static surgical guide than with an open guide. The heat generation in osteotomy sites was substantially reduced by cooling the irrigation fluid to 5°C.

16.
Clin Oral Investig ; 25(5): 2461-2478, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33609186

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aims to compare the treatment outcomes of periodontal intrabony defects by using platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) with other commonly utilized modalities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The eligibility criteria comprised randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the clinical outcomes of PRF with that of other modalities. Studies were classified into 10 categories as follows: (1) open flap debridement (OFD) alone versus OFD/PRF; (2) OFD/bone graft (OFD/BG) versus OFD/PRF; (3) OFD/BG versus OFD/BG/PRF; (4-6) OFD/barrier membrane (BM), OFD/PRP, or OFD/enamel matrix derivative (EMD) versus OFD/PRF; (7) OFD/EMD versus OFD/EMD/PRF; (8-10) OFD/PRF versus OFD/PRF/metformin, OFD/PRF/bisphosphonates, or OFD/PRF/statins. Weighted means and forest plots were calculated for probing depth (PD), clinical attachment level (CAL), and radiographic bone fill (RBF). RESULTS: From 551 articles identified, 27 RCTs were included. The use of OFD/PRF statistically significantly reduced PD and improved CAL and RBF when compared to OFD. No clinically significant differences were reported when OFD/BG was compared to OFD/PRF. The addition of PRF to OFD/BG led to significant improvements in CAL and RBF. No differences were reported between any of the following groups (OFD/BM, OFD/PRP, and OFD/EMD) when compared to OFD/PRF. No improvements were also reported when PRF was added to OFD/EMD. The addition of all three of the following biomolecules (metformin, bisphosphonates, and statins) to OFD/PRF led to statistically significant improvements of PD, CAL, and RBF. CONCLUSIONS: The use of PRF significantly improved clinical outcomes in intrabony defects when compared to OFD alone with similar levels being observed between OFD/BG and OFD/PRF. Future research geared toward better understanding potential ways to enhance the regenerative properties of PRF with various small biomolecules may prove valuable for future clinical applications. Future research investigating PRF at histological level is also needed. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The use of PRF in conjunction with OFD statistically significantly improved PD, CAL, and RBF values, yielding to comparable outcomes to OFD/BG. The combination of PRF with bone grafts or small biomolecules may offer certain clinical advantages, thus warranting further investigations.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar , Fibrina Rica em Plaquetas , Perda do Osso Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagem , Perda do Osso Alveolar/tratamento farmacológico , Perda do Osso Alveolar/cirurgia , Transplante Ósseo , Regeneração Tecidual Guiada Periodontal , Humanos , Perda da Inserção Periodontal , Retalhos Cirúrgicos/cirurgia
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33595206

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: A disharmonious smile results from excessive gingival exposure or gingival margin misalignment is a frequent finding in patients. The most common cause is altered passive eruption; however, in the case presented here, the esthetics of the smile is compromised also due to an inadequate implant placement and crown fabrication. CASE PRESENTATION: This case presented a combination of altered passive eruption and a buccally as well as deeply placed implant crown (#10) that led to disproportionate dimensions of an upper lateral incisor. Dual digitally guided crown lengthening surgical procedure for teeth #5 to #12 was performed aiming a better harmony of the smile. Treatment also included placement of tooth veneers and re-made of implant crown. A pleasant smile with appropriate colors and proportions was achieved. All esthetic and periodontal health parameters were maintained throughout the follow-up period (1 year). CONCLUSION: The use of dual digitally guided crown lengthening help to accomplish precision and stability of esthetic outcome, as it guides for both, bone and soft tissue removal. Particularly, in challenging cases with high esthetic demand and complicated factors present, such as the case presented here, the digital approach provides tools to attain excellent treatment outcome.

18.
J Esthet Restor Dent ; 33(1): 212-223, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33459483

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To provide a contemporary and comprehensive overview of the hard and soft tissue biological structures surrounding an osseointegrated dental implant (peri-implant referred to as the peri-implant phenotype), in the context of peri-implant esthetic complications. OVERVIEW: The individual components of the peri-implant phenotype (keratinized mucosa width, mucosal thickness, supracrestal tissue height, and the peri-implant buccal bone) have been linked to different aspects of implant esthetics, as well as health-related aspects. At the time of implant therapy, respecting the biology of the peri-implant hard and soft tissues, and anticipating their remodeling patterns can alleviate future esthetic complications. CONCLUSIONS: While the current literature may not allow for a point-by-point evidence based-recommendation for the required amount of each peri-implant structure, bearing in mind the proposed values for the components of the peri-implant phenotype, at the time of and prior to implant therapy can lead to more predictable treatment outcomes, and the avoidance of esthetic complications. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Knowledge of hard and soft tissue components surrounding and osseointegrated dental implant, and their underlying biological remodeling process is crucial for carrying out a successful therapy and alleviating possible future esthetic challenges.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários para Um Único Dente , Implantes Dentários , Implantação Dentária Endo-Óssea , Estética Dentária , Fenótipo
19.
J Clin Periodontol ; 48(5): 648-658, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33484162

RESUMO

AIM: To assess the ability of two-way interactions between baseline stage, grade and extent to predict tooth loss due to periodontitis (TLP) over a long-term follow-up period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients treated for periodontal disease with a complete medical history, baseline periodontal chart, full mouth radiographs and a minimum of ≥10 years follow-up were recruited. Supportive periodontal therapy (SPT) visits were recorded during the entire follow-up period. Patients were categorized according to their stage, grade and extent. The absolute survival at 10-, 20-, and 30-year follow-up was calculated for TLP. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were plotted at the tooth-level and multilevel Cox regression frailty models were constructed in order to assess the association among predictive variables and TLP by taking into account the hierarchical patient-teeth structure. RESULTS: 442 patients (11,125 teeth) with a mean follow-up of 23 years met the inclusion criteria and were included in this study. The most prevalent diagnosis at baseline was stage III grade B (30.3%), followed by stage II grade B (23.5%). Among the parameters analysed, stage and grade were found to be the best predictors of TLP. Statistically significant differences were observed for extent only in patients with severe disease (stage IV or grade C). The multilevel Cox regression analysis demonstrated that patients with higher concomitant baseline staging and grading developed greater TLP over the follow-up period. CONCLUSIONS: Higher concomitant staging and grading corresponded to greater risk for TLP and generalized extent only became a significant predictor in patients with stage IV or grade C disease.

20.
J Clin Periodontol ; 48(4): 602-614, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33465812

RESUMO

AIM: To describe the application of power Doppler Ultrasonography (US) for evaluating blood flow at implant and palatal donor sites following soft tissue augmentation with the connective tissue graft (CTG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five patients exhibiting a peri-implant soft tissue dehiscence received treatment with a coronally advanced flap and corresponding CTG. Power Doppler US was used for assessing blood volume at baseline, 1 week, 1 month, 6 months and 12 months post-surgery for assessing blood-flow dynamics at the implant and palatal donor sites. The speed-weighted and power-weighted colour pixel density (CPPD) were computed from colour velocity (CV) and colour power (CP), respectively. RESULTS: A mean increase in CV of 199.25% was observed at the midfacial region of the implant sites after 1 week compared to baseline. CV and CP were increased in all sites at 1 week and 1 month. At 6 and 12 months, the mean CV appeared lower than baseline at the implant sites. CCPD was increased at the palatal donor sites and at the great palatine foramen areas at the 1-week and 1-month post-operative evaluations. CONCLUSIONS: Power Doppler US is a non-invasive and valuable tool for estimating tissue perfusion and CPPD variation during different phases of intra-oral soft tissue graft healing.

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