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1.
Investig Clin Urol ; 63(3): 350-358, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35534220

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Our purpose was to verify the effects of atorvastatin (ATO) on prostate cancer (PCa) proliferation, apoptosis, invasion, and metastasis and to further explore the drug's mechanism of action. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) and clone formation experiments to study the effect of ATO on the proliferation of PC3 cells. Flow cytometry and Hoechst 33342 staining were used to detect cell apoptosis. Cell migration and invasion were detected through wound healing experiments and transwell experiments. Western blotting was applied to detect apoptosis-related proteins (BAX, Bcl-2, PARP, and Caspase-3), epithelial-mesenchymal transformation (EMT) proteins, and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression. A mouse xenograft tumor model was established, and tumor volume and weight were determined. The expression levels of the above-mentioned proteins were determined through western blot. RESULTS: ATO inhibited PC-3 cell proliferation and promoted cell apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. ATO significantly up-regulated the expression of BAX, PARP, and Caspase-3 and inhibited the expression of Bcl-2. Wound healing and transwell experiments showed that ATO inhibited invasion and metastasis in PC-3 cells, possibly because ATO could inhibit the EMT and the expression of MMPs in PC-3 cells. Studies in nude mice showed that ATO significantly reduced tumor volume and weight; the expression levels of related proteins were consistent with the in vitro results. CONCLUSIONS: ATO inhibits the occurrence and development of PCa and regulates the migration and invasion of PCa cells by inhibiting the EMT and MMPs.


Assuntos
Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Neoplasias da Próstata , Animais , Atorvastatina/farmacologia , Atorvastatina/uso terapêutico , Caspase 3/farmacologia , Caspase 3/uso terapêutico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Masculino , Metaloproteinases da Matriz , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Inibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/farmacologia
2.
Chem Sci ; 13(15): 4406-4412, 2022 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35509457

RESUMO

Color-tunable ultralong phosphorescence is urgently desired in optoelectronic applications. Herein, we report a new type of full-color-tunable ultralong phosphorescence carbon dots (CDs) without matrix-assistance by a self-doping method under ambient conditions. The phosphorescence color can be rationally tuned from blue to red by changing the excitation wavelength from 310 to 440 nm. The CDs exhibit an ultralong lifetime of up to 1052.23 ms at 484 nm. From the experimental data, we speculate that the excitation-dependent multi-color phosphorescence is attributed to the presence of multiple emitting centers related to carbonyl units. Given the unique color-tunability of CDs, we demonstrate their potential applications in information encryption, light detection ranging from UV to visible light and LED devices. This finding not only takes a step towards the fundamental design of full-color emissive materials, but also provides a broader scope for the applications of phosphorescent materials.

3.
Waste Manag ; 144: 313-323, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35427903

RESUMO

The livestock industry has developed rapidly in recent decades, but the improper treatment of livestock manure, especially slurry, causes environmental pollution. Treatment technologies are considered to be effective in alleviating nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) losses from livestock slurry. Here, we used published research data to conduct a meta-analysis of the recovery efficiencies of N and P of five mainstream treatment technologies, including ammonia stripping, air scrubbing, membrane filtration, microalgae cultivation and struvite crystallization. Additionally, the agronomic effects of the recovered products of these treatment technologies were evaluated. The results showed that all technologies exhibited clear recovery effects on N and P. The N recovery efficiencies ranged from 57% to 86%, and those of P ranged from 64% to 87%. Struvite crystallization was the most efficient treatment technology for both N and P recovery; moreover, the ammonia stripping and microalgae cultivation technologies were less efficient. The pH levels and temperatures are the main factors that influence ammonia stripping, struvite crystallization and microalgae cultivation, while membrane filtration and air scrubbing are mainly affected by the membrane types and properties. When the equal amount of N or P input to fields, the recovered products (ammonium sulfate and struvite crystals) may achieve a similar crop yield, relative to commercial N or P fertilizers. Our findings can provide deep suggestions and parameters for designing proper treatment technologies to reduce nutrient discharge from livestock slurry in regions with high livestock density and also for identifying the research gaps that should be paid more attention in the future.


Assuntos
Nitrogênio , Fósforo , Amônia/análise , Animais , Gado , Esterco/análise , Nitrogênio/análise , Fósforo/análise , Estruvita/química , Tecnologia
4.
Zootaxa ; 5093(5): 584-592, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35391465

RESUMO

A new species of the genus Suwallia Ricker, 1943, S. kuandian sp. nov., from Liaoning Province of northeastern China is described, illustrated, and compared with similar species. Suwallia asiatica Zhiltzova Levanidova, 1978 is reported for the first time from China. Additionally, Sweltsa illiesi Zhiltzova Levanidova, 1978 and the chloroperlid genus Alaskaperla Stewart DeWalt, 1991 are reported for the first time from China. The habitus and diagnostic features of these species are illustrated with color images.


Assuntos
Insetos , Neópteros , Distribuição Animal , Animais , China
5.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 2022 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35314965

RESUMO

Glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIOP) has been the most common form of secondary osteoporosis. Glucocorticoids (GCs) can induce osteocyte and osteoblast apoptosis. Plenty of research has verified that silicon intake would positively affect bone. However, the effects of silicon on GIOP are not investigated. In this study, we assessed the impact of ortho-silicic acid (OSA) on Dex-induced apoptosis of osteocytes by cell apoptosis assays. The apoptosis-related genes, cleaved-caspase-3, Bcl-2, and Bax, were detected by western blotting. Then, we evaluated the possible role of OSA on osteogenesis and osteoclastogenesis with Dex using Alizarin red staining and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining. We also detected the related genes by quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and western blotting. We then established the GIOP mouse model to evaluate the potential role of OSA in vivo. We found that OSA showed no cytotoxic on osteocytes below 50 µM and prevented MLO-Y4 from Dex-induced apoptosis. We also found that OSA promoted osteogenesis and inhibited osteoclastogenesis with Dex. OSA had a protective effect on GIOP mice via the Akt signal pathway in vivo. In the end, we verified the Akt/Bad signal pathway in vitro, which showed the same results. Our finding demonstrated that OSA could protect osteocytes from apoptosis induced by GCs both in vitro and in vivo. Also, it promoted osteogenesis and inhibited osteoclastogenesis with the exitance of Dex. In conclusion, OSA has the potential value as a therapeutic agent for GIOP.

6.
Front Immunol ; 13: 842189, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35251039

RESUMO

Mastitis is a common inflammatory disease caused by bacterial infection to the mammary gland that impacts human and animal health and causes economic losses. Houttuynia essential oil (HEO), extracted from Houttuynia cordata Thunb, exhibits excellent antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of HEO and a self-microemulsion preparation of HEO (SME-HEO) on inflammation and the blood-milk barrier (BMB) in lipopolysaccharide-induced murine mastitis. HEO and SME-HEO significantly downregulated pro-inflammatory factors TNF-α and IL-1ß, upregulated anti-inflammatory factor IL-10, inhibited MPO expression, and alleviated histopathological injury in murine mammary gland tissues. Additionally, HEO and SME-HEO protected the integrity of the BMB by upregulating the expression of junction proteins ZO-1, claudin-1, claudin-3, and occludin. The anti-inflammatory effect of HEO against murine mastitis was mediated by blocking the MAPK signaling pathway and expression of iNOS. By inhibiting the release of inflammatory factors and protecting the integrity of the BMB, HEO may provide a novel treatment for mastitis.


Assuntos
Houttuynia , Mastite , Óleos Voláteis , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/efeitos adversos , Mastite/induzido quimicamente , Mastite/tratamento farmacológico , Camundongos , Leite/metabolismo , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia
7.
Bioengineered ; 13(4): 8478-8489, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35322748

RESUMO

The cancer-testis antigen A-kinase anchor protein 3 (AKAP3) has been shown to have a strong association with breast cancer (BC). However, its role in BC progression received scant attention. We aimed to explore the prognostic implication of aberrant AKAP3 expression for a better knowledge of BC progression and improved treatment. AKAP3 expression was quantitated using tissue microarrays and immunohistochemistry (IHC). Cell viability, invasion, migration, apoptosis, and expressions of PTEN/PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling components were assessed in AKAP3-overexpressed or si-AKAP3-transfected BC cells. Finally, elevated AKAP3 expression was observed in BC versus paracancerous tissues. BC patients with high AKAP3 expression showed a worse prognosis than low expression patients (P < 0.0001). AKAP3 overexpressions fueled cell growth, proliferation, migration, and invasion in HCC1937 and MDA-MB-468 BC cell lines, alongside increased expressions of PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling components and PTEN suppression. These effects were pronouncedly reversed, together with elevated apoptosis, in cells transfected with si-AKAP3. Therefore, AKAP3 is upregulated in BC and promotes BC cell growth, invasion, and migration via PTEN/PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling activation. It may serve as a prognosis indicator for BC survival.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Proteínas de Ancoragem à Quinase A/genética , Proteínas de Ancoragem à Quinase A/metabolismo , Apoptose/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Humanos , Masculino , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/genética , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Testículo/metabolismo
8.
Virol Sin ; 2022 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35272059

RESUMO

The recent COVID-19 pandemic poses a global health emergency. Cellular entry of the causative agent SARS-CoV-2 is mediated by its spike protein interacting with cellular receptor-human angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). Here, by using lentivirus based pseudotypes bearing spike protein, we demonstrated that entry of SARS-CoV-2 into host cells was dependent on clathrin-mediated endocytosis, and phosphoinositides played essential roles during this process. In addition, we showed that the intracellular domain and the catalytic activity of ACE2 were not required for efficient virus entry. Finally, we showed that the current predominant Delta variant, although with high infectivity and high syncytium formation, also entered cells through clathrin-mediated endocytosis. These results provide new insights into SARS-CoV-2 cellular entry and present proof of principle that targeting viral entry could be an effective way to treat different variant infections.

9.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 22(1): 107, 2022 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35291946

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: SERPINB1 is involved in the development of a variety of diseases. The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of SERPINB1 on acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS: Serum SERPINB1 level of AMI patients was measured for receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. The AMI rat model was constructed to observe myocardial damage, and the H9C2 cell oxygen glucose deprivation (OGD) model was constructed to detect cell viability. Transthoracic echocardiography was used to assess the cardiac function. TTC staining and HE staining were used to detect pathologic changes of myocardial tissues. The apoptosis of myocardial tissues and cells were measured by TUNLE staining and flow cytometry assay. CCK-8 assay to measure cell viability. SERPINB1 expression was measured by qRT-PCR. Protein expression was measured by western blot. RESULTS: The serum SERPINB1 level was down-regulated in AMI patients. AMI modeling reduced the SERPINB1 expression level, induced inflammatory cells infiltrated, and myocardial apoptosis. OGD treatment inhibited cell viability and promoted apoptosis. The AMPK/mTOR pathway was inhibited in AMI rats and OGD-treated H9C2 cells. Overexpression of SERPINB1 reduced infarct size and myocardial apoptosis of AMI rats, inhibited apoptosis of H9C2 cells, and activated AMPK/mTOR pathway. However, AMPK inhibitor Dorsomorphin reversed the protective effect of SERPINB1 on myocardial cells. CONCLUSION: SERPINB1 overexpression relieved myocardial damage induced by AMI via AMPK/mTOR pathway.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Infarto do Miocárdio , Serpinas , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose , Humanos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Miocárdio/patologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Ratos , Serpinas/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
10.
PeerJ ; 10: e13022, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35265397

RESUMO

Background: Increasing evidence has supported that serum uric acid (SUA), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and waist circumference (WC) are associated with the occurrence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, the combined role of these factors in early screening of NAFLD has not been investigated. We aimed to de lineate this role in a community-based population. Methods: Binary logistic regression was used to explore the correlations of SUA, ALT and WC with NAFLD risk. The goodness of fit and discriminative ability of the model were evaluated by the Hosmer-Lemeshow test and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC), respectively. Results: Logistic regression analysis indicated that elevated SUA (adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 2.44, 95% confidence interval (CI) [1.76-3.38]), ALT (adjusted OR = 4.98, 95% CI [3.41-7.27]) and WC (adjusted OR = 3.22, 95% CI [2.01-5.16]) were facilitating factors for incident NAFLD after fully adjusted for related confounders. In addition, the risk of NAFLD followed linear trend s with increasing levels of these three indicators (all P trend < 0.001). The risk assessment model consisting of SUA, ALT, WC and demographics showed useful discrimination by AUROC being 0.825 (95% CI [0.811-0.838]) and good performance of calibration (P = 0.561). Conclusions: SUA, ALT and WC were all associated with NAFLD, independent of known risk factors. The simple model composed of these indicators showed good performance in the Chinese population, which may be applicable for appraisal of NAFLD risk in primary healthcare.

11.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1200: 339587, 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35256138

RESUMO

A simple and robust integrated handheld optical fiber dissolved oxygen (DO) sensor was developed based on a compact optical structure and phase shift measurement principle. In this device, a 1 × 4 multi-mode optical fiber bundle structure was used for the transmission of excitation light and the collection and transmission of fluorescence. The fiber optode was fabricated by coating an O2 sensing foil on the end of the optical fiber bundle. This elegant optical design significantly improved the optical transmission efficiency, miniaturization, portability, and stability of the entire sensor system. A low-cost photodetector (PD) was applied for simultaneous detection of the fluorescence signal and reference light signal based on the time-resolved effect. Rapid and accurate measurement of the phase shift between the fluorescence and reference light signals was achieved using phase measurement electronics and signal processing system. Based on a proposed theoretical model with temperature compensation calibration, this DO sensor was used for rapid, accurate, and reproducible detection of DO concentrations with long-term stability and low drift. The results of in-situ/on-line detection for various water samples were highly consistent with those of commercial optical oxygen sensors. The proposed DO sensor has the potential to be a powerful alternative to traditional oxygen sensors in laboratory or in field.


Assuntos
Modelos Teóricos , Fibras Ópticas , Calibragem , Oxigênio
12.
J Travel Med ; 2022 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35238925

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An updated analysis of neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) from a global perspective is missing from the literature. We aimed to assess the global burden and trends of NTDs from 1990 to 2019. METHODS: Yearly incident case, mortality, and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) data for NTDs were extracted from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019 (GBD 2019) based on global, regional, country, social development index (SDI), age and sex categories. The age-standardized rate (ASR) and number of incident cases, mortality and DALYs were computed from 1990 to 2019. The estimated annual percentage change (EAPC) in the ASR was calculated to quantify the changing trend. RESULTS: Globally, the age-standardized incidence rate (ASIR) and the number of incident cases of total NTDs increased between 1990 and 2019, while the age-standardized mortality rate (ASMR), mortality, age-standardized DALY rate and DALYs of total NTDs decreased. Although tropical Latin America, South Asia, Southeast Asia and Oceania had the highest ASIR for total NTDs in 2019, tropical Latin America was the only region to experience a decreasing trend in ASIR from 1673.5 per 100 000 in 2010 to 1059.2 per 100 000 in 2019. The middle, high-middle and high SDI regions experienced increasing ASIR trends between 1990 and 2019, while the low-middle SDI region remained stable, and the low SDI region presented a decreasing trend. Children and older adults were vulnerable to dengue, rabies and leishmaniasis (cutaneous and mucocutaneous). Females had a higher ASIR but a lower ASMR and age-standardized DALY rate than males. CONCLUSIONS: NTDs still represent a serious problem for public health, and the increasing ASIR and incident cases globally may require more targeted strategies for prevention, control and surveillance, especially among specific populations and endemic areas.

13.
Plant Cell ; 34(5): 1890-1911, 2022 04 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35166333

RESUMO

The unique morphology of grass stomata enables rapid responses to environmental changes. Deciphering the basis for these responses is critical for improving food security. We have developed a planta platform of single-nucleus RNA-sequencing by combined fluorescence-activated nuclei flow sorting, and used it to identify cell types in mature and developing stomata from 33,098 nuclei of the maize epidermis-enriched tissues. Guard cells (GCs) and subsidiary cells (SCs) displayed differential expression of genes, besides those encoding transporters, involved in the abscisic acid, CO2, Ca2+, starch metabolism, and blue light signaling pathways, implicating coordinated signal integration in speedy stomatal responses, and of genes affecting cell wall plasticity, implying a more sophisticated relationship between GCs and SCs in stomatal development and dumbbell-shaped guard cell formation. The trajectory of stomatal development identified in young tissues, and by comparison to the bulk RNA-seq data of the MUTE defective mutant in stomatal development, confirmed known features, and shed light on key participants in stomatal development. Our study provides a valuable, comprehensive, and fundamental foundation for further insights into grass stomatal function.


Assuntos
Estômatos de Plantas , Zea mays , Humanos , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Estômatos de Plantas/metabolismo , Poaceae/genética , Transcriptoma/genética , Zea mays/genética
14.
J Virol ; 96(6): e0011922, 2022 03 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35170979

RESUMO

Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is deemed a reemergent pathogen, with recent outbreaks worldwide. EV71 infection causes hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) and has been associated with severe cardiac and central nervous system complications and even death. Viruses need host factors to complete their life cycle; therefore, the identification of the host factors for EV71 infection is pivotal to new antiviral research. Emerging evidence has highlighted the importance of protein acetylation during infection by various human viruses. The endoplasmic reticulum (ER), as the prominent organelle of EV71 replication, also has a unique acetylation regulation mechanism. However, the pathogenesis of EV71 and its relationship with the ER-based acetylation machinery are not fully understood. In this study, we demonstrated for the first time that the ER-resident acetyltransferase N-acetyltransferase 8 (NAT8) is a host factor for EV71 infection. Inhibiting NAT8 with CRISPR or a small compound significantly suppressed EV71 infection in SK-N-SH cells. NAT8 promoted EV71 replication in an acetyltransferase-activity-dependent manner. Additionally, we found that NAT8 facilitates EV71 infection by interacting with EV71 2B, 3AB, and 3C proteins and increasing the stability of these proteins. These results uncovered a novel function of NAT8 and elucidated a new mechanism underlying the regulation of EV71 replication. IMPORTANCE EV71 is one of the most common pathogens causing HFMD in young children, and some patients experience severe or fatal neurological consequences. To ensure efficient replication, the virus must hijack multiple host factors for its own benefit. Here, we show that the ER-resident acetyltransferase NAT8 is a host factor for EV71 infection. EV71 fails to complete its infection in various cells in the absence of NAT8. We further show that NAT8 benefits EV71 replication in an acetyltransferase-activity-dependent manner. Finally, we show that NAT8 facilitates EV71 infection by interacting with EV71 2B, 3AB, and 3C proteins and increasing the stability of these proteins. These results uncovered a novel function of NAT8 in EV71 infection and elucidated a new mechanism underlying the regulation of EV71 replication.


Assuntos
Enterovirus Humano A , Infecções por Enterovirus , Enterovirus , Acetiltransferases/metabolismo , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Enterovirus Humano A/fisiologia , Humanos , Replicação Viral/fisiologia
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35206546

RESUMO

Previous Studies, such as the evaluation of the supply of and demand for regional medical resources and carrying capacity assessments, require further development. This paper aims to evaluate the carrying capacity and spatial distribution of medical resources in Shenzhen from the perspective of supply and demand, and to conduct a time-series variation of the coupling coordination degree from 1986 to 2019. The two-step floating catchment area method was employed to quantify the carrying capacity and coupling coordination degree method and spatial autocorrelation analysis were applied to analyze spatial distribution between supply and demand. The results were as follows. (1) The carrying capacity index in more than 50% of the districts was classified as low-grade. The percentage of regions with good grades was 8.27%. The regions with a high carrying capacity were distributed in the central and southeastern areas. (2) The coupling coordination continued to rise, increasing from 0.03397 in 1986 to 0.33627 in 2019. (3) The level of supply and demand for medical resources in Shenzhen increased from 1986 to 2019, and the highest degree of compatibility between the supply and the population size was largely concentrated in the western and eastern regions. This research can provide a theoretical reference for Shenzhen to rationally plan medical resources and improve the carrying capacity of medical resources.


Assuntos
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Área Programática de Saúde , China , Humanos , Análise Espacial
16.
J Cell Mol Med ; 26(5): 1466-1472, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35166019

RESUMO

Phospholipases A2 (PLA2) are a superfamily of enzymes, playing a critical role in the development of various human cancers. However, the mechanism of PLA2 as an oncogene in glioblastoma remains largely unknown. In this study, we explored the effects of PLA2 on glioblastoma and investigated the underlying mechanism. The results showed that PLA2 was highly expressed in glioblastoma. Patients with a high PLA2 level have low overall survival than those with low PLA2 expression. PLA2 overexpression promoted glioblastoma cell proliferation and viability and inhibited cell apoptosis by inducing cell cycle transition from G1 to S stage. Knockdown of PLA2 inhibited tumor growth in the xenograft mice model. In addition, PLA2 knockdown decreased the protein level of MCM2 and MCM5. These findings identify PLA2 as an oncogene in glioblastoma progression and provide a promising strategy to treat glioblastoma in the future.


Assuntos
Glioblastoma , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Replicação do DNA/genética , Glioblastoma/patologia , Humanos , Camundongos , Oncogenes , Fosfolipases A2/genética , Fosfolipases A2/metabolismo , Fosfolipases A2/farmacologia
17.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(6): 7869-7877, 2022 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35119833

RESUMO

Layered cathodes have been recognized as potential advanced candidates for sodium-ion batteries (SIBs), but the poor electrochemical performance has seriously hindered their further development. Herein, an ordered Na2/3[Ni2/9Mg1/9Mn5/9Ti1/9]O2 (NMMT) is designed and investigated as a high-performance cathode for SIBs through the synergistic effect of Mg and Ti codoping. Compared to the single Mg- or Ti-doped materials, NMMT clearly exhibits superstructure ordering diffraction peaks, and neutron diffraction further confirms that the diffraction peaks can be well indexed by a larger supercell P63, rather than the common unit cell P63/mmc by X-ray diffraction (XRD). High-resolution transmission electron microscopy also approves the ordering arrangement. This material shows an obvious capacity activation process during the first cycles, thus delivering 113 mA h g-1 specific capacity at 0.1 C (close to the theoretical value). Excellent rate capability even at 15 C and cycling stability after 500 cycles between 2.0 and 4.3 V can also be achieved, indicating that an ordered cathode is still promising. Besides, a single-phase reaction mechanism is revealed by ex situ/in situ XRD experiments. This study offers some insights into the material design and characterization of layered oxide cathodes for high-performance SIBs in the future.

18.
Bull Entomol Res ; : 1-10, 2022 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35172917

RESUMO

The wheat aphid Sitobion miscanthi (CWA) is an important harmful pest in wheat fields. Insecticide application is the main method to effectively control wheat aphids. However, CWA has developed resistance to some insecticides due to its extensive application, and understanding resistance mechanisms is crucial for the management of CWA. In our study, a new P450 gene, CYP4CJ6, was identified from CWA and showed a positive response to imidacloprid and thiamethoxam. Transcription of CYP4CJ6 was significantly induced by both imidacloprid and thiamethoxam, and overexpression of CYP4CJ6 in the imidacloprid-resistant strain was also observed. The sensitivity of CWA to these two insecticides was increased after the knockdown of CYP4CJ6. These results indicated that CYP4CJ6 could be associated with CWA resistance to imidacloprid and thiamethoxam. Subsequently, the posttranscriptional regulatory mechanism was assessed, and miR-316 was confirmed to participate in the posttranscriptional regulation of CYP4CJ6. These results are crucial for clarifying the roles of P450 in the resistance of CWA to insecticides.

19.
World J Clin Cases ; 10(5): 1473-1484, 2022 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35211585

RESUMO

Pain is a common experience for inpatients, and intensive care unit (ICU) patients undergo more pain than other departmental patients, with an incidence of 50% at rest and up to 80% during common care procedures. At present, the management of persistent pain in ICU patients has attracted considerable attention, and there are many related clinical studies and guidelines. However, the management of transient pain caused by certain ICU procedures has not received sufficient attention. We reviewed the different management strategies for procedural pain in the ICU and reached a conclusion. Pain management is a process of continuous quality improvement that requires multidisciplinary team cooperation, pain-related training of all relevant personnel, effective relief of all kinds of pain, and improvement of patients' quality of life. In clinical work, which involves complex and diverse patients, we should pay attention to the following points for procedural pain: (1) Consider not only the patient's persistent pain but also his or her procedural pain; (2) Conduct multimodal pain management; (3) Provide combined sedation on the basis of pain management; and (4) Perform individualized pain management. Until now, the pain management of procedural pain in the ICU has not attracted extensive attention. Therefore, we expect additional studies to solve the existing problems of procedural pain management in the ICU.

20.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 119(9)2022 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35193978

RESUMO

The architectural protein histone-like protein from Escherichia coli strain U93 (HU) is the most abundant bacterial DNA binding protein and highly conserved among bacteria and Apicomplexan parasites. It not only binds to double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) to maintain DNA stability but also, interacts with RNAs to regulate transcription and translation. Importantly, HU is essential to cell viability for many bacteria; hence, it is an important antibiotic target. Here, we report that Gp46 from bacteriophage SPO1 of Bacillus subtilis is an HU inhibitor whose expression prevents nucleoid segregation and causes filamentous morphology and growth defects in bacteria. We determined the solution structure of Gp46 and revealed a striking negatively charged surface. An NMR-derived structural model for the Gp46-HU complex shows that Gp46 occupies the DNA binding motif of the HU and therefore, occludes DNA binding, revealing a distinct strategy for HU inhibition. We identified the key residues responsible for the interaction that are conserved among HUs of bacteria and Apicomplexans, including clinically significant Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Acinetobacter baumannii, and Plasmodium falciparum, and confirm that Gp46 can also interact with these HUs. Our findings provide detailed insight into a mode of HU inhibition that provides a useful foundation for the development of antibacteria and antimalaria drugs.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/antagonistas & inibidores , Bacteriófagos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/antagonistas & inibidores , Glicoproteínas/metabolismo , Proteínas Virais/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , DNA/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica
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