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1.
Radiology ; : 202735, 2021 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33904775

RESUMO

Background Microwave ablation (MWA) and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) have recently attracted interest as minimally invasive treatment modalities for papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). However, the ablation outcomes of T1N0M0 PTC are not well characterized. Purpose To evaluate the efficacy and safety of thermal ablation (MWA or RFA) of solitary T1N0M0 PTC in patients who were ineligible for (due to presence of comorbid cardiovascular disease, renal failure, other malignancy, etc) or who refused surgery. Materials and Methods This was a retrospective multicenter study of 847 patients (660 women) who underwent thermal ablation for PTC (673 T1a, 174 T1b) between March 2015 and March 2020; of these patients, 645 underwent MWA and 202 underwent RFA. The mean age of patients was 46 years ± 11 (standard deviation) (age range, 18-81 years); the mean follow-up time was 22 months ± 13 (range, 6-60 months). Changes in tumor size and volume and the rates of technical success, tumor disappearance, disease progression, and complications were assessed. Results The technical success rate was 100%. Relative to preablation measurements, the maximum diameter and volume of the ablation zone increased during the 1st month after ablation (P < .001), whereas there was no difference by the 3rd month; subsequently, the tumors showed reduction in size at 6, 9, and 12 months (all P < .001). Complete disappearance of tumors occurred in 68% of patients (577 of 847; 69% [466 of 673] in the T1a group vs 64% [111 of 174] in the T1b group; P < .001). The postablation disease progression rate was 1.1% (nine of 847 patients; 0.9% [six of 673 patients] in the T1a group vs 1.7% [three of 174 patients] in the T1b group; P = .54). The overall complication rate was 3.4% (29 of 847 patients; 2.7% [18 of 673 patients] in the T1a group vs 6.3% [11 of 174 patients] in the T1b group; P = .02). Conclusion This multicenter study provided evidence that thermal ablation is an effective and safe treatment option in selected -patients with solitary T1N0M0 papillary thyroid carcinoma. © RSNA, 2021 Online supplemental material is available for this article. See also the editorial by Baek and Cho in this issue.

2.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(17): 5086-5095, 2021 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33882667

RESUMO

In this study, some novel plasmids have been constructed for flexible and zero-background molecular cloning, more efficient expression, and purification of proteins with improved strategies. The plasmids pANY4-pL18-ccdB and pANY4-pR18/pL18-ccdB have different promoters in the complementary DNA strands. Therefore, recombinant plasmids for either isopropyl-ß-d-thiogalactoside-induced or temperature-induced protein expression could be simultaneously constructed in a single molecular cloning process for parallel comparison. Intriguingly, the mutated pL18 and pR18/pL18 promoters performed similar to or even better than the T7 promoter when used for promoting the expression of the GFP or pfLamA enzyme. Moreover, the plasmid pANY8 containing the His-elastin-like polypeptide (ELP)-intein multifunctional tag was constructed, and special purification protocol was designed to obtain purified proteins without the requirement of time-consuming dialysis steps to remove imidazole and high concentration of salt ions. Additionally, the urea-based denaturation and refolding processes can be conveniently integrated into the ELP-mediated precipitation protocol for purification of insoluble inclusion bodies, omitting the time-consuming dialysis steps.

3.
PLoS One ; 16(2): e0247367, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33617590

RESUMO

This study aimed to identify the specimen type that has high positivity and its proper sampling time for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) testing to promote diagnostic efficiency. All SARS-CoV-2-infected patients with a laboratory-confirmed diagnosis in Zhoushan City were followed up for viral shedding in respiratory tract specimens and faecal samples. Positivity was analysed both qualitatively and quantitatively by proper statistical approaches with strong testing power. Viral shedding in respiratory tract and faecal specimens was prolonged to 45 and 40 days after the last exposure, respectively. The overall positive rate in respiratory tract specimens was low and relatively unstable, being higher in the early-to-mid stage than in the mid-to-late stage of the disease course. Compared with respiratory tract specimens, faecal samples had a higher viral load, higher overall positive rate, and more stable positivity in different disease courses and varied symptomatic status. Faecal specimens have the potential ability to surpass respiratory tract specimens in virus detection. Testing of faecal specimens in diagnosis, especially for identifying asymptomatic carriers, is recommended. Simultaneously, testing respiratory tract specimens at the early-to-mid stage is better than testing at the mid-to-late stage of the disease course. A relatively small sample size was noted, and statistical approaches were used to address it. Information was missing for both specimen types at different stages of the disease course due to censored data. Our research extends the observed viral shedding in both specimen types and highlights the importance of faecal specimen testing in SARS-CoV-2 diagnosis. Healthcare workers, patients, and the general public may all benefit from our study findings. Disposal of sewage from hospitals and residential areas should be performed cautiously because the virus sheds in faeces and can last for a long time.


Assuntos
/métodos , Fezes/virologia , Sistema Respiratório/virologia , Eliminação de Partículas Virais , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , /virologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Manejo de Espécimes , Adulto Jovem
4.
Dig Liver Dis ; 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33640301

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Furin is a proprotein convertase reported to have protective effects in several autoimmune diseases. However, the role of furin in ulcerative colitis (UC) remains unclear. We aimed to clarify this role. METHODS: Furin expression was measured in UC and dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis. Gain- and loss-of-function experiments were conducted to evaluate the effect of furin in UC using DSS-treated NCM460 cells. Several ferroptotic parameters, including cell viability, cell death rate, lipid reactive oxygen species level, mitochondrial membrane damage and glutathione peroxidase 4 (Gpx4) expression, were measured. Exogenous furin was used to treat the DSS-induced colitis in mice to confirm the results in vivo. Finally, the activation of nuclear factor erythroid 2-like 2 (Nrf2) was detected to explore the mechanism. RESULTS: Furin expression was aberrant in UC. Furin overexpression attenuated DSS-induced ferroptosis-like injury and upregulated Gpx4 in NCM460 cells, whereas silencing furin had the opposite effects. Exogenous furin treatment alleviated DSS-induced colitis in mice by upregulating Gpx4. Mechanistic experiments revealed that furin activated Nrf2 both in vitro and in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: Furin protects epithelial cells from DSS-induced ferroptosis-like cell injury and alleviates experimental colitis by activating the Nrf2-Gpx4 signaling pathway.

5.
Gastroenterology ; 160(5): 1872-1873, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33387516
6.
Front Public Health ; 8: 600196, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33335880

RESUMO

Background: Measles transmissions due to case importations challenge public health systems globally and herd immunities in all countries. In 2019, an imported measles case and its subsequently outbreak was found in the Zhoushan Islands. Here, the process of epidemiological investigation and virus tracing were summarized to provide references for the prevention and control of measles in the future. Materials and methods: The data on the demographic, epidemiological, and clinical manifestation of measles cases in this outbreak were collected. The 450 bp fragments of the measles virus (MeV) N gene were amplified and sequenced. The genome of the first imported case was further isolated. Then, the maximum-likelihood and time-scaled phylogenetic analysis was conducted. Results: A total of 28 measles cases were confirmed. Their onsets were between March 13 and May 18, 2019. The first patient was from the Ukraine. He was confirmed at the Fever Clinic in Zhoushan hospital on March 15, 2019 and at the same time, another patient had visited the hospital due to another illness and 10 days later, this second case had onset (March 25, 2019). The epidemic curve shows sustained community transmission. The majority of the following cases (19/26) were clustered on the Donggang street which was close to where the second case worked. The 22 measles virus strains successfully isolated from this outbreak all belonged to the D8.2a sub-cluster and clustered with the KY120864/MVs/GirSomnath.IND/42.16/[D8] which was the predominant genotype in the Ukraine during 2018-2019. The analysis of the complete D8 genotype genome pointed to the fact that this prevailing strain originated from India in 2015 and its substitution rate was estimated as 6.91 × 10-4 (5.64-7.98 × 10-4) nucleotide substitutions/site/year. Conclusion: This outbreak was caused by an imported case from the Ukraine. There was a possible nosocomial infection between the first case and the second case. Then, the second case played an important role in the spread of virus due to her occupation. The molecular phylogenetic analysis could help to track the origin of the virus. Increasing and maintaining the high level of vaccination coverage (≥95%) and an efficient response to imported cases are essential to prevent and control the recurrence and outbreak of measles virus.

7.
Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol ; 59(6): 980-984, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33218427

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Ring chromosome 15 [r (15)], accompanied by a series of clinical symptoms, is a rare genetic disease. The genotype and phenotypic diversity of patients with r (15) still needed further enrichment. In this study we present a rare case of mosaic ring chromosome 15 with facial anomalies and extremities slenderness. CASE REPORT: This case involves a 30-year-old woman, unpregnancy within 6 years. Clinical examination of the patient only revealed facial anomalies and extremities slenderness. The result of routine G-band karyotyping was 46,XX,r(15)(p12q26.3)[53]/46,XX,r(15;15)(p11.2q26.3;p11.2q11.2)[28]/45,XX, -15[10]/46,XX,r(15;15)(p11q26.3;p11q26.3)[4]. SNP array was employed to investigate the genome copy number variations (CNVs). The result revealed that there was a micro-duplication of 2.0 Mb at 15q26.3(arr[ph19]15q26.3 (100,400,214- 102,429,112)×3). The duplicated chromosomal section encompassed genes including CHSY1, ALDHIA3, LRRK1, and INS1. We further compared to the cytogenetic characteristics and clinical symptoms of the patient with those already reported by reviewing the literature. CONCLUSION: This report is especially helpful to supplement the phenotypic diversity of patients with r (15).

8.
J Ethnopharmacol ; : 113514, 2020 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33223115

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Rhamnella gilgitica Mansf. et Melch. (སེང་ལྡེང་།, RG) is a traditional Tibetan medicinal plant that is currently grown throughout Tibet. According to the theory of Tibetan medicine, RG is efficient for removing rheumatism, reducing swelling, and relieving pain. Hence, it has been used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in Tibet for many years. However, there are no previous reports on the anti-RA activities of ethyl acetate extract of RG (RGEA). AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to explore the anti-RA effect and mechanism of RGEA on collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The CIA model was established in male Wister rats by intradermal injection of bovine type II collagen and Complete Freund's Adjuvant at the base of the tail and left sole, respectively. The rats were orally administered with RGEA (9.71, 19.43, or 38.85 mg/kg) for 23 days. The body weight, swelling volume, arthritis index score, thymus and spleen indices, and pathological changes were observed to evaluate the effect of RGEA on RA. Furthermore, the inflammatory cytokines in serum, such as interleukin1 beta (IL-1ß), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin6 (IL-6), interleukin17 (IL-17), interferon-γ (INF-γ), interleukin4 (IL-4), and interleukin10 (IL-10) were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to explore the anti-inflammatory effects of RGEA. The terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labelling (TUNEL) staining was used to examine apoptosis. Finally, the protein and gene expression of B-cell lymphoma-2-associated X (Bax), B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2), Caspase3, janus-activated kinase 2 (JAK2), signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), suppressor of cytokine signaling1 (SOCS1), and 3 (SOCS3) in synovial tissue were detected using immunohistochemistry and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). RESULTS: After the treatment with RGEA, the body weight of rats was restored, both the arthritis index and paw swelling were suppressed, and spleen and thymus indices were decreased. RGEA reduced the inflammatory cells and synovial hyperplasia in the synovial tissue of the knee joint, and suppressed bone erosion. Meanwhile, RGEA decreased the levels of IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-17, TNF-α, and INF-γ, while increased the levels of IL-4 and IL-10. TUNEL fluorescence apoptosis results confirmed that RGEA obviously promoted the apoptosis of synovial cells. Further studies showed that RGEA inhibited the proteins and mRNAs expression of JAK2 and STAT3 as well as increased the proteins and mRNAs expression of SOCS1 and SOCS3. In addition, RGEA upregulated the expression of Bax and Caspase3, and downregulated the expression of Bcl-2. CONCLUSION: The anti-RA effectof RGEA might be related to the promotion of apoptosis and inhibition of inflammation, which regulated the JAK-STAT pathway.

9.
Poult Sci ; 99(11): 5214-5221, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33142437

RESUMO

As a species of waterfowl, ducks rely on access to water to facilitate feeding behaviors. Further, wet preening behavior in ducks relies on access to water and is a key behavior for duck welfare. Traditionally, Chinese duck farms provide not only free access to drinking water in the duck house but also an open water pool outside of the house. However, recent restrictions prohibit the use of an open water pool for raising ducks in some areas of China. Little is known about the effects of not providing an open water pool on duck welfare, in particular, the development of the preen gland and wet preening behaviors. The preen gland secretes oil which is crucial for maintaining plumage conditions. A total of one hundred twenty 1-day-old Sanshui White ducks (SSWD) were randomly divided into 2 groups and fed for 6 wk with access to a water pool (WP) or without access to a water pool and provided drinking water only (LWP). The live body weights of ducks from the WP group were significantly increased compared with those of ducks in the LWP group starting from 3 wks of age (P < 0.05). Feed intake was increased in the WP group at 2 wk of age and from 4 to 6 wk of age (P < 0.05). The feed conversion ratio (FCR) was significantly different only at 4 and 5 wks of age, when the FCR was increased by 5.7% and 9.5%, respectively, in the LWP group compared with the WP group (P < 0.05). Lack of access to an open water pool significantly inhibited the growth of the preen gland based on its weight, size, and quantity of oil secretions (P < 0.05). In addition, the proportion of ducks exhibiting wet preening behavior was significantly reduced in the LWP group compared with the WP group (5.5 ± 0.2% vs. 24.8 ± 2.1%, P < 0.05). This study indicated that a lack of access to an open water source had negative impacts on the development of the preen gland and on the preening behavior of SSWD.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33107573

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ultrasound guided thermal ablation plays an important role in the management of thyroid disease. The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility, efficacy, and safety of thermal ablation for patients with solitary T1bN0M0 PTC who are ineligible for or unwilling to undergo surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data pertaining to 172 patients (38 males and 134 females) who received thermal ablation therapy at 12 hospitals between April 2015 and March 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The mean duration of follow-up was 24.9 ± 14.1 months (range, 12-60). The technical feasibility, technical success, efficacy, and safety of treatment were analyzed. Post-ablation tumor size at various time-points was compared with pre-ablation measurement. RESULTS: All patients selected for thermal ablation received enlarged ablation according to contrast-enhanced ultrasound post-ablation. The maximum diameter and volume of ablation zone at 6,12, 18, 24, 36, and 48 months post-ablation were significantly smaller than those recorded pre-ablation (P < 0.05 for all). At the most recent follow-up, 106 (61.6%) tumors had completely disappeared. The rate of lymph node metastasis (LNM) was 0.6% (1/172) and the incidence of new tumor was 1.2% (2/172). The overall complication rate was 5.2% (9/172) (major complications: 4.6% [8/172]; minor complications: 0.6% [1/172]). All major complications were relieved within four months post-ablation. CONCLUSION: Thermal ablation may be a feasible, effective, and safe treatment option for patients with solitary T1bN0M0 PTC who are ineligible for or unwilling to undergo surgery. It may provide a novel treatment option for selected patients.

12.
J Agric Food Chem ; 68(40): 11114-11120, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32936618

RESUMO

Phosphorite is generally used in the manufacture of phosphate fertilizer and plays a vital role in the development of agricultural and food production. Nonetheless, how to obtain phosphorite concentrates efficiently and sustainably has become an urgent problem. In this study, a newly designed trisiloxane surfactant, N-(2-Aminoethyl)-3-aminopropyltrisiloxane (AATS), has been prepared and utilized as an emerging collector for reverse flotation of phosphorite ore. Its collecting ability was compared with the conventional surfactant 1-dodecamine (DDA). In the collector concentration tests, AATS with lower concentrations showed stronger collecting ability for quartz. In the pH tests, AATS always performed better than DDA in the acidic or alkaline condition. In bench-scale flotation experiments, the P2O5 recovery of phosphorite concentrates with 150 g/t AATS was 10.77% higher than that with 300 g/t DDA, which proved that AATS can be applied to the sustainable production of phosphorite concentrates. For a 4000 t/d phosphorite ore processing plant, the profit could be increased 7,014,702.07 USD every year by using AATS as the collector. Therefore, this work provides a promising approach to enhance the production efficiency of phosphate fertilizer and to promote the sustainable development of agriculture.

13.
Pharmacol Res ; 161: 105132, 2020 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32814170

RESUMO

The mitochondrial citrate carrier (CIC) is a nuclear-encoded protein located in the inner mitochondrial membrane. By mediating efflux of citrate from the mitochondria to the cytosol, CIC links mitochondrial central carbon metabolism and cytosolic lipogenesis together. Abnormal activity or expression of CIC was found in cancers, developmental disorders and many other diseases. Recently, the specific inhibitors of CIC were proved to modify basic cellular metabolism, which in turn led to changes in disease course such as reverted steatohepatitis and cancer cell death. CIC is believed to be a key player and may serve as a novel therapeutic target in types of human metabolic diseases. Therefore, in this paper, we integrally described the structure and function of CIC. Then, we gave an overview of CIC related diseases including cancers, congenital diseases, pro-inflammatory effects and some other diseases. At the same time, the potential molecular mechanisms of CIC in the above diseases were illuminated. Finally, we illuminated some emerging areas for future investigation.

14.
Exp Ther Med ; 20(4): 3161-3173, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32855685

RESUMO

The aim of present study was to evaluate the potential effects of Rhodiola crenulata oral liquid (RCOL) on exhaustive exercise (EE)-induced fatigue in mice. Male Institute of Cancer Research mice from five treatment groups (n=10 per group) were orally administered with sterilized water for the Control and EE groups and/or RCOL at doses of 1.02, 3.03 and 6.06 ml/kg/day, once daily for 2 weeks. Anti-fatigue activity was subsequently evaluated by measuring the levels of creatine kinase (CK), lactic acid (LA), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and total anti-oxidative capability (T-AOC). Histopathology was assessed using hematoxylin and eosin staining. Ultrastructures of mitochondria were observed by transmission electron microscopy. Energy supply capacity was assessed using citrate synthase (CS), succinate dehydrogenase (SDH), Na+-K+-ATPase, and liver and quadriceps glycogen content assays. Expression levels of mRNA and protein associated with mitophagy in the skeletal muscle were measured by reverse transcription-quantitative PCR and western blotting, respectively. RCOL was observed to markedly inhibit fatigue-induced oxidative stress by increasing the activities of SOD, CAT and T-AOC, whilst reducing the accumulation of LA, CK, LDH and MDA. Histological analysis of the quadriceps femoris tissue suggested increased numbers of muscle fibers in the RCOL groups compared with those in the EE group. RCOL administration was found to reverse EE-induced mitochondrial structural damage and alleviated defects inflicted onto the energy supply mechanism by increasing CS, SDH, Na+-K+-ATPase and glycogen levels. Additionally, RCOL reduced the protein expression of PTEN-induced kinase 1 (PINK1), Parkin, microtubule-associated proteins 1A/1B light chain 3, sequestosome 1 and ubiquitin, whilst lowering the gene expression of PINK1 and Parkin. Taken together, results from the present study clarified the anti-fatigue effect of RCOL, where the underlying mechanism may be associated with increased antioxidant activity, enhanced energy production and the inhibition of mitophagy by suppressing the PINK1/Parkin signaling pathway.

15.
J Fluoresc ; 30(5): 1105-1112, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32638148

RESUMO

The widespread occurrence of sulfonamides (SAs) in the environment water has rasied great concerns about their potential to antibiotics resistance. In this study, the fluorescence behaviors of sulfamethoxazole (SMZ) representing certain properties of the SAs mixed with three different kinds of cyclodextrins (CDs) in water solutions were investigated, respectively. The result reported that the shapes of the fluorescence peak and its position for the SMZ that were mixed with the CDs were almost the same as those of the standard SMZ, respectively. In addition, compared with the identical control sample the fluorescence of SMZ mixed with each of the CD was greatly enhanced. Therefore, a new simple, and sensitive spectrofluorimetric method for the determination of SMZ was established in water solutions. and the dynamic linear ranges varied from 0.01 to 0.7 mg/L with the detection limit of 7.1 ng/L. And the correlation coefficient was more than 99.9%. Significantly, this new method was successfully applied to direct determination of SMZ in pharmaceutical compounds. Moreover, the results showed that the SMZ could separately form the 1:1 supramolecular compound with each of the CD.

16.
Foodborne Pathog Dis ; 17(12): 775-781, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32639172

RESUMO

Campylobacter is well recognized as the leading cause of bacterial foodborne diarrheal disease worldwide with a very low outbreak reported in China. In May 2019, we investigated an outbreak of Campylobacter jejuni infections among students in a junior high school in Eastern China. Cases were interviewed to identify a common source of contamination. As cases were identified in the same school during a period of time, menus were reviewed and food items included in the questionnaire. Rectal swabs from school kitchen staff and suspected food items (raw chicken) from a local market from where the school food came were examined for C. jejuni. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and whole genome sequencing were performed to determine the relatedness of the isolates. To identify the source of the contamination, a case-control study was conducted. Forty-five cases were reported with diarrhea among 1696 students and staff. Stool samples for 10 of the 45 and 5 tested positive for C. jejuni. WGS analysis revealed a 0-4 single nucleotide variation in case-patient isolates. Although we were unable to identify the specific food item, a specific menu was identified as the potential source of the contamination (odds ratios = 20.82; 95% confidence interval = 6.472-66.957). In this menu, chicken was served. A food isolate collected from chicken in Zhejiang province in 2018 was positive for the same identical strain (5-7 single nucleotide polymorphisms). This is one of the few reports in China about outbreak caused by C. jejuni. This investigation illustrates the potential risk of outbreaks caused by Chinese cold dishes of chicken.

17.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 85: 106683, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32531713

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since December 2019, novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2)-infected pneumonia (COVID-19) occurred in Wuhan, and rapidly spread throughout China. Our study aimed to evaluate the robustness of neutrophil to CD4+ lymphocyte ratio (NCD4LR) in predicting the negative conversion time (NCT) of SARS-CoV-2 in COVID-19 patients. METHODS: Univariate and multivariate analysis were conducted to evaluate the independency of NCD4LR in predicting NCT. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis and area under the curve (AUC) were used to assess the diagnostic accuracy. RESULTS: Compared with low NCD4LR patients, patients with high NCD4LR had an older age; higher incidence of fever, fatigue, chest distress/breath shortness, severer disease assessment on admission; higher levels of inflammatory indicators; low levels of lymphocyte subsets, and a longer NCT. Multivariate analysis also identified NCD4LR as an independent risk factor for delayed NCT. ROC analysis showed that NCD4LR had a better performance than neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio in predicting the virus negative conversion within 2 weeks (AUC = 0.772), 3 weeks (AUC = 0.710), 4 weeks (AUC = 0.728), or 5 weeks (AUC = 0.815). CONCLUSION: This study suggests that NCD4LR is a potential and useful biomarker for predicting the virus negative conversion time in COVID-19 patients. Furthermore, due to the NCDLR value is easily calculated, it can be widely used as a clinical biomarker for disease progression and clinical outcomes in COVID-19 patients.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Contagem de Leucócitos , Neutrófilos , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Carga Viral , Viremia/imunologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Área Sob a Curva , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Biomarcadores , Convalescença , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação , Pacientes Internados , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Nasofaringe/virologia , Pandemias , Alta do Paciente , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Avaliação de Sintomas , Fatores de Tempo
19.
Food Chem ; 325: 126865, 2020 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32387991

RESUMO

In this study, protective effects of insoluble-bound polyphenol extracts from adlay seed against H2O2-induced oxidative stress in HepG2 cells were investigated. Each fraction of insoluble-bound polyphenol extracts from adlay seed was obtained by separating with Sephadex LH-20 column and semi-preparative HPLC. Ferulic acid was found being the main active component of insoluble-bound polyphenol in adlay seed. The cytoprotective effects of ferulic acid against oxidative challenge were determined by cell viability, intracellular reactive oxygen stress change in HepG2 cells, western blot and apoptosis by flow cytometry. Ferulic acid had a positive correlation with cell viability and a negative correlation with apoptosis. Ferulic acid treatment increased the activity of GSH-PX, CAT, γ-GCS. Moreover, the nuclear factor E2 related factor (Nrf2) protein expression in the ferulic acid group positively correlated with the HO-1, GCLC and NQO1 protein levels. Thus the results demonstrated that ferulic acid, the main active component of insoluble-bound polyphenol in adlay seed could ameliorate H2O2-induced oxidative stress in HepG2 cells via Nrf2 signalling. The research can provide a reference for the in-depth study of its regulatory mechanism and the development of antioxidant related functional food and health products.

20.
Poult Sci ; 99(5): 2438-2443, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32359578

RESUMO

Maternally derived antibodies (MDA) substantially interfere with active immunity in post-hatch vaccination, although they provide early protection against disease through passive immunity in young chickens. Previously, Newcastle disease virus (NDV) strain TS09-C was demonstrated to be safe and immunogenic as in-ovo vaccine in specific-pathogen-free chickens. Here, we evaluated the safety, protective efficacy, and duration of clinical protection of the TS09-C virus as an in-ovo vaccine for commercial chickens in the presence of Maternally derived antibodies against NDV. This vaccine was safe in commercial chickens and provided at least 80% protection against a virulent NDV challenge for 3 mo, despite inducing a low hemagglutinin-inhibition titer. For commercial chickens, the protective efficacy of the in-ovo vaccination was markedly higher than that of posthatch vaccination, and the cellular immune response might play an important role in the higher protective efficacy of the in-ovo vaccine. The overall results indicate that the maternally derived antibodies against NDV do not significantly interfere with the ability of the in-ovo vaccine strain TS09-C to induce protective cellular immunity.

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