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1.
Int Orthop ; 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31912228

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: O-arm and C-arm are commonly used in spine surgery to guide pedicle screw placement. However, concerning the accuracy and efficiency of them, no systematical review and meta-analyses are available to help surgeons make comparisons. PURPOSES: This study aims to investigate the accuracy and efficiency of O-arm-navigated versus C-arm-guided pedicle screw placement in thoracic and lumbar spine surgery. It would help surgeons choose the optimal technique for pedicle screw placement. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analyses were performed after searching the PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane databases to identify all studies that assessed the accuracy and efficiency of navigation coupled with O-arm and conventional C-arm fluoroscopy. RESULTS: Eight studies were finally recruited in this systematic review, all of which reported pedicle screw placement outcomes related to accuracy or efficiency in both C-arm and O-arm groups. Five studies showed higher screw insertion accuracy in the O-arm group, while one study showed no significant difference. And the pooled results also indicated that the incidence of screw misplacement in the C-arm groups is higher. Moreover, the pooled results from five studies indicated no significant difference in insertion time between C-arm and O-arm. CONCLUSIONS: Navigation coupled with O-arm imaging displayed a lower efficiency outcome in pedicle screw placement compared to conventional C-arm fluoroscopy. However, in terms of accuracy, O-arm navigation had significant advantages in accuracy over conventional C-arm fluoroscopy.

2.
Materials (Basel) ; 12(23)2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31795285

RESUMO

In this study, magnetic visible light driven photocatalysts (bismuth ferrite, Bi2Fe4O9, BFO and Co-doped bismuth ferrite, Co-BFO) were successfully prepared by the facile hydrothermal method. The catalyst was used in the application of heterogeneous persulfate (PS) system under visible LED light irradiation for the degradation of levofloxacin (LFX), proving to be an excellent photocatalyst when evaluated by various characterization methods. The effect of Co-doping in the BFO structure was investigated that the decrease of band gap width and the generated photoelectrons and holes would effectively reduce the recombination of photogenerated electron-hole pairs, leading to the enhancement photocatalytic activity. The results demonstrated that Co-BFO catalyst had a high photodegradation efficiency over a wide pH range of 3.0-9.0 and the Co-BFO-2 composite displayed the optimal catalytic performance. It was found that the degradation rate of LFX by Co-BFO-2 catalyst was 3.52 times higher than that of pure BFO catalyst under visible light condition. The free radical trapping experiments and EPR tests demonstrated that superoxide, photogenerated holes and sulfate radicals were the main active species in the photocatalytic degradation of LFX. And a possible photocatalytic degradation mechanism of LFX was proposed in the Vis/Co-BFO/PS process. These findings provided new insight of the mechanism of heterogeneous activation of persulfate by Co-BFO under visible light irradiation.

3.
J Inorg Biochem ; 204: 110959, 2019 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31862584

RESUMO

Six novel complexes, [Ni(C36H34N2O10)]·2.25CH3OH·0.5C4H10O (1), [Co(C36H34N2O10)] (2), [Cu(C36H34N2O10)]·2CH3OH (3), [Ni(C36H32N2O8Cl2)]·2CH3OH (4), [Co(C36H32N2O8Cl2)]·4CH3OH (5) and [Cu(C36H32N2O8Cl2)]·2CH3OH (6) with two sexidentate N2O4-donor bis-Schiff base ligands (C36H34N2O10 = 1,2-bis(2-methoxy-6-formylphenoxy)ethane-l-tyrosine; C36H32N2O8Cl2 = 1,2-bis(2-methoxy-6-formylphenoxy)ethane-l-4-chlorophenylalanine) have been synthesized and structurally characterized. Theoretical calculation of the six complexes was carried out by density functional theory (DFT) Becke's three-parameter hybrid (B3LYP) method employing the 6-3lG basis set, indicating that the calculation results are in accordance with experimental results. Moreover, the inhibitory activities of complexes 1-6 were tested in vitro against jack bean urease. At the same time, molecular docking was investigated to determine the probable binding mode. The experimental values and docking simulation exhibited that complexes 3 and 6 showed strong inhibitory activity (IC50 = 10.36 ± 1.13, 15.63 ± 3.04 µM) compared with the positive reference acetohydroxamic acid (IC50 = 26.99 ± 1.43 µM). Their structure-inhibitory activity relationship was further discussed from the perspective of molecular docking and theoretical calculation.

4.
Chemistry ; 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31691432

RESUMO

A series of aromatic oligoamides incorporating an inherently flexible ferrocene dicarboxylic acid unit was synthesized. Solid state, solution, and computational studies on these systems indicated that the aromatic strands can adopt a syn parallel stacked conformation. This results in modular ß-sheet-like molecular clefts that display structure-dependent recognition of small polar molecules. NMR and theoretical studies of the host-guest interaction support an in cleft binding mode and allowed the selectivity of the oligomers to be rationalized on the basis of minor changes in functional-group presentation on the edge of the aromatic strands.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31737947

RESUMO

Epstein Barr Virus (EBV) is positively related to the morbidity of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) in Asia. After infection, EBV can produce several proteins, including viral interleukin-10 (vIL-10). But the mechanism by which vIL-10 contributes to NPC cell proliferation and cell cycle progression is not well understood. In this study, EBV negative and positive cell lines, and the JAK2/STAT3 signal pathway inhibitor AG490 were used to illustrate the role of vIL-10 in NPC. Cell proliferation and cell cycle were measured by CCK-8 and flow cytometry. The expression levels of related protein were measured by western blotting. High concentrations of vIL-10 and IL-6 were found in the EBV positive patients. The expression level of IL-6 was positively related to the presence of concentration of vIL-10. vIL-10 can promote cancer cell proliferation and G1 to S phase transmission via up-regulating the IL-6 protein level by activating the JAK2/STAT3 signal pathway. Furthermore, EBV can induce the formation of cytotoxic T cells whereas vIL-10 can block the function of cytotoxic T cells. Taken together, these results suggest that vIL-10 promotes cell proliferation and cell cycle progression via JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway in NPC. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

6.
Math Biosci Eng ; 16(6): 6683-6695, 2019 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698582

RESUMO

IoT (Internet of Things) involves a wide range of fields, and its application scenarios are complex and diverse. Failure of security defense in any link of IoT may lead to huge information leakage and immeasurable losses. IoT security problem is affecting and restricting its application prospect, and has become one of the hotspots in the field of IoT. ONS (Object Naming Service) is responsible for mapping function from EPC code information to URI (Uniform Resource Identifier). The security mechanism of ONS has been extensively studied by more and more scholars in recent years. The purpose of this paper is to apply Rasch, a famous psychological model, to ONS resolution security technology. Through observing the past resolution result, the ability of ONS resolution and the difficulty of EPC code can be calculated. With the difference between the ability of ONS resolution and the difficulty of EPC code, this model can predict the probability of the ONS future resolution to achieve the purpose of privacy protection in IoT addressing. Through simulation and Ministep software, the feasibility of the model is verified.

7.
Cancer Cell Int ; 19: 308, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31768130

RESUMO

Background: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play key roles in tumorigenesis and progression of gastric cancer (GC). miR-1269 has been reported to be upregulated in several cancers and plays a crucial role in carcinogenesis and cancer progression. However, the biological function of miR-1269 in human GC and its mechanism remain unclear and need to be further elucidated. Methods: The expression of miR-1269 in GC tissues and cell lines was detected by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Target prediction programs (TargetScanHuman 7.2 and miRBase) and a dual-luciferase reporter assay were used to confirm that Ras-association domain family 9 (RASSF9) is a target gene of miR-1269. The expression of RASSF9 was measured by qRT-PCR and Western blotting in GC tissues. MTT and cell counting assays were used to explore the effect of miR-1269 on GC cell proliferation. The cell cycle and apoptosis were measured by flow cytometry. RASSF9 knockdown and overexpression were used to further verify the function of the target gene. Results: We found that miR-1269 expression was upregulated in human GC tissues and cell lines. The overexpression of miR-1269 promoted GC cell proliferation and cell cycle G1-S transition and suppressed apoptosis. The inhibition of miR-1269 inhibited cell growth and G1-S transition and induced apoptosis. miR-1269 expression was inversely correlated with RASSF9 expression in GC tissues. RASSF9 was verified to be a direct target of miR-1269 by using a luciferase reporter assay. The overexpression of miR-1269 decreased RASSF9 expression at both the mRNA and protein levels, and the inhibition of miR-1269 increased RASSF9 expression. Importantly, silencing RASSF9 resulted in the same biological effects in GC cells as those induced by overexpression of miR-1269. Overexpression of RASSF9 reversed the effects of miR-1269 overexpression on GC cells. Both miR-1269 overexpression and RASSF9 silencing activated the AKT signaling pathway, which modulated cell cycle regulators (Cyclin D1 and CDK2). In contrast, inhibition of miR-1269 and RASSF9 overexpression inhibited the AKT signaling pathway. Moreover, miR-1269 and RASSF9 also regulated the Bax/Bcl-2 signaling pathway. Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that miR-1269 promotes GC cell proliferation and cell cycle G1-S transition by activating the AKT signaling pathway and inhibiting cell apoptosis via regulation of the Bax/Bcl-2 signaling pathway by targeting RASSF9. Our findings indicate an oncogenic role of miR-1269 in GC pathogenesis and the potential use of miR-1269 in GC therapy.

8.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 37(5): 457-462, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721489

RESUMO

Maxillary sinus cystic lesions can often be found in cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images. However, whether this change affects the implementation of maxillary sinus floor augmentation remains unclear. Combining the common cystic change performance of CBCT, image classification diagnosis of maxillary sinus cystic change was introduced, and the indications and surgical methods of maxillary sinus floor augmentation and postoperative radiographic changes of mucous were analyzed. This procedure may help clinicians evaluate the feasibility and methods of maxillary sinus augmentation in maxillary sinus cystic changes.


Assuntos
Levantamento do Assoalho do Seio Maxilar , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Maxila , Seio Maxilar
9.
J Perianesth Nurs ; 2019 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564621

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze whether warm irrigation fluid could reduce postoperative adverse effects in patients undergoing arthroscopic shoulder surgery compared with room temperature irrigation fluid. DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials was performed. METHODS: A computerized search of electronic databases was performed. The inclusion criteria were studies comparing the clinical effects of room temperature and warm irrigation fluid on patients undergoing arthroscopic shoulder surgery. FINDINGS: Warm irrigation fluid reduced the degree of core body temperature drop and the incidence of hypothermia. A statistically lower incidence of shivering also occurred in the warm irrigation fluid group. CONCLUSIONS: The use of warm irrigation fluid better maintains core body temperature and reduces incidence of shivering than room temperature irrigation fluid. Therefore, warm irrigation fluid is a better choice for arthroscopic shoulder surgery.

10.
Polymers (Basel) ; 11(9)2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31480768

RESUMO

An alternating fluorinated copolymer based on chlorotrifluoroethylene (CTFE) and butyl vinyl ether (BVE) was synthesized by RAFT/MADIX living/controlled polymerization in the presence of S-benzyl O-ethyl dithiocarbonate (BEDTC). Then, using the obtained poly(CTFE-alt-BVE) as a macro chain transfer agent (macro-CTA), a block copolymer was prepared by chain extension polymerization of vinyl acetate (VAc). After a basic methanolysis process, the poly(vinyl acetate) (PVAc) block was transferred into poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA). Finally, a novel fluorinated polyurethane with good surface properties due to the mobility of the flexible fluorinated polymer chains linked to the network was obtained via reaction of the copolymer bearing the blocks of PVA with isophorone diisocyanate (IPDI) as a cross-linking agent.

12.
Dig Dis Sci ; 2019 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31376085

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Acetaminophen (APAP) is a clinically popular analgesic and antipyretic drug, but excessive APAP can cause fatal hepatotoxicity. Many factors affect the degree of APAP-induced liver injury. This study aimed to investigate how circadian rhythm affects the development of APAP-induced hepatotoxicity and to clarify the roles of photoperiod and dietary rhythm on APAP-induced hepatotoxicity in mice. METHODS: APAP-induced hepatotoxicity models were established by intraperitoneal injection of APAP (400 mg/kg) to mice. The mice were then divided into three treatment groups: normal diet, reversed diet, and reversed photoperiod. RESULTS: More severe liver injury was observed at zeitgeber time 12 (ZT12) than at zeitgeber time 0 (ZT0) in all treatment groups, suggesting that photoperiod played a critical role in APAP-induced liver injury. We observed a change in the expression of the circadian gene Per2, which may be responsible for regulation of liver injury by photoperiod. Our results showed negligible change in Per2 expression with diet reversion, whereas Cry1, Cry2, and Dbp expressions were more highly affected by diet reversion than was Per2 expression. Downstream effects including liver enzyme expression, GSH level, and inflammation factors were also examined to identify the mechanism of liver injury. The results indicated that the circadian gene Per2 participated in APAP biometabolism by regulating the expression of Cyp2e1, which may explain the more severe hepatotoxicity at ZT12 than at ZT0. CONCLUSION: APAP-induced hepatotoxicity can be mediated by photoperiod through the circadian gene Per2, suggesting that medicines containing APAP should be administered not only with food but also according to the appropriate photoperiod.

13.
J Transl Med ; 17(1): 278, 2019 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438987

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Calcium oxalate (CaOx), the major constituent of most kidney stones, induces inflammatory infiltration and injures renal tubular cells. However, the role of γδT cells in CaOx-mediated kidney injury remains unclear. Therefore, this study investigated the distribution of intrarenal γδT cells and T cell receptor δ (TCRδ) immune repertoires in response to interactions with CaOx crystals. METHODS: CaOx crystal mouse model was established by glyoxylate injection. Flow cytometer was used to analyze the expression of CD69 and IL-17 from intrarenal γδT cells. Furthermore, TCR immune repertoire sequencing (IR-Seq) was used to monitor the profile of the TCRδ immune repertoire. RESULTS: Our results indicated that CaOx crystals lead to obvious increases in the expression and activation of intrarenal γδT cells. In TCRδ immune repertoire, the majority of V/J gene and V-J/V-D-J combination segments, barring individual exceptions, were similar between kidneys with CaOx formation and control kidneys. Impressively, high complementarity determining region 3 (CDR3) diversity was observed in response to CaOx crystal formation along with distinct CDR3 distribution and abundance. CONCLUSION: Our work suggests the presence of aberrant γδT cell activation and reconstitution of the TCRδ immune repertoire in response to CaOx crystal deposition.

14.
Circ Res ; 125(7): 707-719, 2019 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31412728

RESUMO

RATIONALE: PGC1α (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1α) represents an attractive target interfering bioenergetics and mitochondrial homeostasis, yet multiple attempts have failed to upregulate PGC1α expression as a therapy, for instance, causing cardiomyopathy. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a fine-tuning of PGC1α expression is essential for cardiac homeostasis in a context-dependent manner. METHODS AND RESULTS: Moderate cardiac-specific PGC1α overexpression through a ROSA26 locus knock-in strategy was utilized in WT (wild type) mice and in G3Terc-/- (third generation of telomerase deficient; hereafter as G3) mouse model, respectively. Ultrastructure, mitochondrial stress, echocardiographic, and a variety of biological approaches were applied to assess mitochondrial physiology and cardiac function. While WT mice showed a relatively consistent PGC1α expression from 3 to 12 months old, age-matched G3 mice exhibited declined PGC1α expression and compromised mitochondrial function. Cardiac-specific overexpression of PGC1α (PGC1αOE) promoted mitochondrial and cardiac function in 3-month-old WT mice but accelerated cardiac aging and significantly shortened life span in 12-month-old WT mice because of increased mitochondrial damage and reactive oxygen species insult. In contrast, cardiac-specific PGC1α knock in in G3 (G3 PGC1αOE) mice restored mitochondrial homeostasis and attenuated senescence-associated secretory phenotypes, thereby preserving cardiac performance with age and extending health span. Mechanistically, age-dependent defect in mitophagy is associated with accumulation of damaged mitochondria that leads to cardiac impairment and premature death in 12-month-old WT PGC1αOE mice. In the context of telomere dysfunction, PGC1α induction replenished energy supply through restoring the compromised mitochondrial biogenesis and thus is beneficial to old G3 heart. CONCLUSIONS: Fine-tuning the expression of PGC1α is crucial for the cardiac homeostasis because the balance between mitochondrial biogenesis and clearance is vital for regulating mitochondrial function and homeostasis. These results reinforce the importance of carefully evaluating the PGC1α-boosting strategies in a context-dependent manner to facilitate clinical translation of novel cardioprotective therapies.

15.
Arch Toxicol ; 93(10): 2863-2878, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31444509

RESUMO

Acetaminophen (APAP)-induced liver injury is the main cause of acute liver failure. This study investigated the role of microsomal prostaglandin E synthase 2 (mPGES-2), discovered as one of the prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) synthases, in mediating APAP-induced liver injury. Using mPGES-2 wild-type (WT) and knockout (KO) mice, marked resistance to APAP-induced liver damage was found in mPGES-2 KO, as indicated by robust improvement of liver histology, changes in liver enzyme release, and marked decrease in APAP-cysteine adducts (APAP-CYS) and inflammatory markers. Moreover, the results confirmed that increase in liver PGE2 content in KO mice under basal conditions was not critical for the protection from APAP-induced liver injury. Importantly, mPGES-2 deletion inhibited the production of malondialdehyde (MDA), increasing glutathione (GSH) level. Enhanced GSH level may contribute to the inhibition of APAP toxicity in mPGES-2 KO mice. To further elucidate the role of mPGES-2 in the liver injury induced by APAP, adeno-associated viruses (AAV) were used to overexpress mPGES-2 in the liver. The results showed that mPGES-2 overexpression aggravates liver injury associated with an increase in inflammatory markers and chemokines after APAP treatment. Moreover, a lower level of GSH was detected in the mPGES-2 overexpression group compared to the control group. Collectively, our findings indicate that mPGES-2 plays a critical role in regulating APAP-induced liver injury, possibly by regulating GSH and APAP-CYS level, which may provide a potential therapeutic strategy for the prevention and treatment of APAP-induced liver injury.

16.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(66): 9853-9856, 2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31364672

RESUMO

A rationale for designing selective NO reduction catalysts with strong alkali resistance was proposed, based on extensive studies of a variety of catalysts with common characteristics of separate catalytically active sites and alkali-trapping sites.

17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(9): 1927-1937, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31342723

RESUMO

To assess the clinical efficacy of Yiqi Huoxue Chinese patent medicine for coronary heart disease with angina pectoris by using network Meta-analysis method. The relative randomized controlled trials( RCTs) of Yiqi Huoxue Chinese patent medicine for coronary heart disease with angina pectoris were retrieved from China National Knowledge Infrastructure( CNKI),Wan Fang,VIP and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database( CBM) in July 2018. Two researchers independently completed the literature screening,data extraction and quality evaluation according to the pre-determined inclusion and exclusion criteria,and the results were cross-checked.The data were analyzed by Win Bugs,and STATA software was used for plotting. Finally,114 RCTs were included,involving 7 Yiqi Huoxue Chinese patent medicines and 11 775 patients. Network Meta-analysis showed that the total effective rate for improvement in AP symptoms had 7 direct comparisons and 21 indirect comparisons,8 of which were statistically significant. The ECG improvement had 7 direct comparisons and 21 indirect comparisons,7 of which were statistically significant. In terms of the total effective rate of improvement in AP symptoms,the order of efficacy was as follows: Shensong Yangxin Capsules > Shexiang Baoxin Pills > Qishen Yiqi Dropping Pills > Tongxinluo Capsules > Wenxin Granules > Qishen Capsules > Naoxintong Capsules. In terms of ECG improvement,the order of efficacy was as follows: Shexiang Baoxin Pills > Tongxinluo Capsules > Naoxintong Capsules > Qishen Yiqi Dropping Pills> Wenxin Granules > Shensong Yangxin Capsules > Qishen Capsules. The results showed that Shensong Yangxin Capsules and Shexiang Baoxin Pills had certain advantages in the treatment of coronary heart disease with angina pectoris. Due to the small sample size,more studies were required to further verify the evidences.


Assuntos
Angina Pectoris/tratamento farmacológico , Doença das Coronárias/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , China , Humanos , Meta-Análise em Rede , Medicamentos sem Prescrição , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
18.
J Integr Neurosci ; 18(2): 153-161, 2019 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31321956

RESUMO

We investigate whether ß-carotene, a known natural antioxidant, can reduce oxidative stress induced by traumatic brain injury. In addition, we investigated the underlying mechanism of traumatic brain injury focusing on the NF-E2-related factor (Nrf2) pathway. A controlled cortical impact model was used to mimic traumatic brain injury. Using this model, we evaluated brain edema, lesion volume, neurologic deficits, reactive oxygen species, and the expression of Nrf2-related protein markers. The results of our study demonstrated that cognitive performance and neural functions were improved with ß-carotene administration. In addition, ß-carotene reduced brain edema and reactive oxygen species levels after traumatic brain injury. Nrf2 nuclear accumulation was increased and was accompanied by decreased Keap1 expression. The expression of quinone oxidoreductase 1, a target gene of the Nrf2 signaling pathway was increased. However, lesion volume was not significantly reduced after ß-carotene treatment. Taken together, our data demonstrated that ß-carotene administration was neuroprotective and alleviated oxidative stress by modulating the Nrf2/Keap1- mediated antioxidant pathway in the traumatic brain injury model.

19.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 35(6): 552-556, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31292060

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the effect of diabetes mellitus on lymphocytes in rheumatic heart valve tissue and its mechanism. Methods Valve tissues of 40 patients undergoing heart valve replacement were collected, including 20 patients in rheumatic heart disease group (without diabetes) and 20 patients in diabetic group (rheumatic heart disease combined with diabetes). In addition, 20 cases of valve tissue from control group were collected. HE staining was used to observe the damage of valve tissue and the area of collagen degeneration. CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells, B cells and plasma cells were detected by immunohistochemical staining. Flow cytometry was used to detect the proportion of regulatory T cells (Tregs) in peripheral blood. Results Compared with the rheumatic heart disease group, the damage of valve tissue in the diabetic group was further aggravated, the number of infiltrating inflammatory cells increased, and the area of collagen degeneration was enlarged. Compared with the control group, the number of T cells, CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells, B cells and plasma cells in valve tissue of patients with rheumatic heart disease increased significantly. Diabetes mellitus further increased the number of T cells, CD4+ T cells, B cells and plasma cells in valve tissue, but had no significant effect on CD8+ T cells. The proportion of Tregs in the peripheral blood of patients with rheumatic heart disease was significantly reduced. Diabetes mellitus could further reduce the proportion of Tregs. Conclusion The number of T cells, CD4+T cells, B cells and plasma cells in heart valves of rheumatic heart disease patients with diabetes mellitus go up significantly, and Treg ratio goes down.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B/citologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/citologia , Diabetes Mellitus/patologia , Valvas Cardíacas/citologia , Cardiopatia Reumática/complicações , Linfócitos T Reguladores/citologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos
20.
Mol Cell ; 75(4): 791-806.e8, 2019 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31303470

RESUMO

YAP/TEAD are nuclear effectors of the Hippo pathway, regulating organ size and tumorigenesis largely through promoter-associated function. However, their function as enhancer regulators remains poorly understood. Through an in vivo proximity-dependent labeling (BioID) technique, we identified YAP1 and TEAD4 protein as co-regulators of ERα on enhancers. The binding of YAP1/TEAD4 to ERα-bound enhancers is augmented upon E2 stimulation and is required for the induction of E2/ERα target genes and E2-induced oncogenic cell growth. Furthermore, their enhancer binding is a prerequisite for enhancer activation marked by eRNA transcription and for the recruitment of the enhancer activation machinery component MED1. The binding of TEAD4 on active ERE-containing enhancers is independent of its DNA-binding behavior, and instead, occurs through protein-tethering trans-binding. Our data reveal a non-canonical function of YAP1 and TEAD4 as ERα cofactors in regulating cancer growth, highlighting the potential of YAP/TEAD as possible actionable drug targets for ERα+ breast cancer.

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