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1.
Comput Commun ; 199: 168-176, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36589785

RESUMO

In the absence of effective treatment for COVID-19, disease prevention and control have become a top priority across the world. However, the general lack of effective cooperation between communities makes it difficult to suppress the community spread of the global pandemic; hence repeated outbreaks of COVID-19 have become the norm. To address this problem, this paper considers community cooperation in disease monitoring and designs a joint epidemic monitoring mechanism, in which adjacent communities cooperate to enhance their monitoring capability. In this work, we formulate the epidemiological monitoring process as a coalitional game. Then, we propose a Shapley value-based payoffs distribution scheme for the coalitional game. A comprehensive analytical framework is developed to evaluate the advantages and sustainability of the cooperation between communities. Experimental results show that the proposed mechanism performs much better than the conventional non-cooperative monitoring design and can greatly increase each community's payoffs.

2.
Clin Exp Nephrol ; 2023 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36719499

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: No studies have been published on the correlation between lactic dehydrogenase-to-albumin ratio (LAR) and poor prognosis of acute kidney injury (AKI) patients, warranting further research. This analysis sought to investigate the prognostic implication of LAR in critically ill patients with AKI. METHODS: The present study enrolled 11,046 and 5180 adults with AKI from the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care III (MIMIC III) and MIMIC IV, respectively. Data from MIMIC IV were identified as the training cohort, and those from MIMIC III were identified as the validation cohort. We applied multivariate regression analysis to identify the link between LAR and all-cause mortality. Restricted cubic spline (RCS) was conducted to figure out the correlation between LAR and in-hospital mortality. Furthermore, we carried out stratification analyses to examine if the effects of LAR on in-hospital mortality were consistent across various subclasses. RESULTS: The level of LAR was remarkably higher in the in-hospital non-survivor group (p < 0.001). Furthermore, the increased LAR group presented a remarkably higher rate of in-hospital mortality at AKI stages 1, 2, and 3 compared with the decreased LAR group (all p < 0.001). Multivariate regression analyses exhibited the independent prognostic significance of LAR for all-cause mortality (all p < 0.001). MIMIC III observed concordant results. RCS indicated a non-linear correlation between LAR and in-hospital death (P for non-linearity < 0.001). The relationship between LAR and in-hospital mortality was still significant in patients with various subclasses. CONCLUSIONS: Elevated LAR at admission is a prognostic risk factor for critically ill patients with AKI.

3.
BMC Mol Cell Biol ; 24(1): 1, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36604630

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tendon injury is associated with oxidative stress, leading to reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and inflammation. N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) is a potent antioxidant. However, how NAC affects the biological functions of tendon stem/progenitor cells (TSPCs) and tendon repair has not been clarified.  METHOD: The impacts of NAC on the viability, ROS production, and differentiation of TSPCs were determined with the cell counting kit-8, fluorescence staining, Western blotting, and immunofluorescence. The effect of NAC on gene transcription in TSPCs was analyzed by transcriptomes and bioinformatics and validated by Western blotting. The potential therapeutic effect of NAC on tendon repair was tested in a rat model of Achilles tendon injury. RESULTS: Compared with the untreated control, treatment with 500 µM NAC greatly promoted the proliferation of TSPCs and significantly mitigated hydrogen peroxide-induced ROS production and cytotoxicity in vitro. NAC treatment significantly increased the relative protein expression of collagen type 1 alpha 1 (COL1A1), tenascin C (TNC), scleraxis (SCX), and tenomodulin (TNMD) in TPSCs. Bioinformatics analyses revealed that NAC modulated transcriptomes, particularly in the integrin-related phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT signaling, and Western blotting revealed that NAC enhanced integrin α5ß1 expression and PI3K/AKT activation in TSPCs. Finally, NAC treatment mitigated the tendon injury, but enhanced the protein expression of SCX, TNC, TNMD, and COLIA1 in the injured tissue regions of the rats. CONCLUSION: NAC treatment promoted the survival and differentiation of TSPCs to facilitate tendon repair after tendon injury in rats. Thus, NAC may be valuable for the treatment of tendon injury.


Assuntos
Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Traumatismos dos Tendões , Ratos , Animais , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Integrina alfa5beta1/metabolismo , Acetilcisteína/farmacologia , Acetilcisteína/metabolismo , Integrina alfa5/metabolismo , Integrina alfa5/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Tendões , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Células-Tronco , Traumatismos dos Tendões/tratamento farmacológico , Traumatismos dos Tendões/metabolismo
4.
Talanta ; 256: 124267, 2023 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36657240

RESUMO

In this study, the F-CuNPs were synthesized by a modified liquid-phase chemical reduction method. Throughout the preparation process, anhydrous copper sulfate was used as the copper source, and ascorbic acid in the NaOH solution served as the reducing and protective agent. Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) may exist between F-CuNPs and vitamin B2 due to the large spectral overlap between the fluorescence emission spectra of F-CuNPs and the UV-vis absorption spectra of vitamin B2. Therefore, the detection of vitamin B2 was designed based on a FRET system between F-CuNPs and vitamin B2. With S2- into the F-CuNPs&VB2 system, the fluorescence intensity of vitamin B2 was quenched, while the fluorescence intensity of F-CuNPs was almost unchanged. There may be a specific reaction between S2- and vitamin B2. Therefore, the research system can be further used to detect S2- based on ratiometric fluorescent probe. The research findings show that the linear range of vitamin B2 was 0.51 nM-34.64 nM with a detection limit of 0.25 nM (S/N = 3), the linear range of S2- was 0.64 µM-60.00 µM with a detection limit of 0.32 µM (S/N = 3). Furthermore, the simultaneous fluorescent sensing system has high sensitivity and selectivity. Therefore, this system was designed and successfully used to detect the content of vitamin B2 and S2- in actual samples to find a new effective method to detect analytes.

5.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 14(1)2023 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36677186

RESUMO

Herein, nickel-cobalt sulfide (NCS) nanoflakes covering the surface of Cu(OH)2 nanorods were achieved by a facile two-step electrodeposition strategy. The effect of CH4N2S concentration on formation mechanism and electrochemical behavior is investigated and optimized. Thanks to the synergistic effect of the selected composite components, the Cu(OH)2/NCS composite electrode can deliver a high areal specific capacitance (Cs) of 7.80 F cm-2 at 2 mA cm-2 and sustain 5.74 F cm-2 at 40 mA cm-2. In addition, coulombic efficiency was up to 84.30% and cyclic stability remained 82.93% within 5000 cycles at 40 mA cm-2. This innovative work provides an effective strategy for the design and construction of hierarchical composite electrodes for the development of energy storage devices.

6.
Neurosci Bull ; 2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36689042

RESUMO

During natural viewing, we often recognize multiple objects, detect their motion, and select one object as the target to track. It remains to be determined how such behavior is guided by the integration of visual form and motion perception. To address this, we studied how monkeys made a choice to track moving targets with different forms by smooth pursuit eye movements in a two-target task. We found that pursuit responses were biased toward the motion direction of a target with a hole. By computing the relative weighting, we found that the target with a hole exhibited a larger weight for vector computation. The global hole feature dominated other form properties. This dominance failed to account for changes in pursuit responses to a target with different forms moving singly. These findings suggest that the integration of visual form and motion perception can reshape the competition in sensorimotor networks to guide behavioral selection.

7.
Nat Biotechnol ; 2023 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36593404

RESUMO

Oxytocin (OT), a peptide hormone and neuromodulator, is involved in diverse physiological and pathophysiological processes in the central nervous system and the periphery. However, the regulation and functional sequences of spatial OT release in the brain remain poorly understood. We describe a genetically encoded G-protein-coupled receptor activation-based (GRAB) OT sensor called GRABOT1.0. In contrast to previous methods, GRABOT1.0 enables imaging of OT release ex vivo and in vivo with suitable sensitivity, specificity and spatiotemporal resolution. Using this sensor, we visualize stimulation-induced OT release from specific neuronal compartments in mouse brain slices and discover that N-type calcium channels predominantly mediate axonal OT release, whereas L-type calcium channels mediate somatodendritic OT release. We identify differences in the fusion machinery of OT release for axon terminals versus somata and dendrites. Finally, we measure OT dynamics in various brain regions in mice during male courtship behavior. Thus, GRABOT1.0 provides insights into the role of compartmental OT release in physiological and behavioral functions.

8.
Ther Adv Chronic Dis ; 14: 20406223221142670, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36699111

RESUMO

Background: Thrombosis and inflammation are crucial elements in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. Hematological parameters elucidate information involving the inflammatory and blood coagulation processes. Objectives: The current study explored the association of hematological parameters with EOCAD to identify specific risk factors. Design: A single-center retrospective case-control study was conducted with 1693 coronary artery disease patients and 1693 controls. Methods: Hematological parameters were examined through an automated analyzer. Results: The basophil percentage was significantly reduced in EOCAD (0.43 ± 0.26, p < 0.001) and MI (0.33 ± 0.24, p < 0.001) groups compared with controls (0.54 ± 0.28). The eosinophil percentage was also significantly lower in EOCAD (2.21 ± 1.71, p < 0.001) and MI (1.71 ± 2.44, p < 0.001) groups compared with controls (2.41 ± 1.75). The lymphocyte percentage in patients of EOCAD and MI and controls was 31.65 ± 7.93, 25.48 ± 9.43, and 34.82 ± 7.28, respectively. A significant difference was observed among the groups (p < 0.001). Except for the mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), other red blood cell (RBC) parameters significantly differed between EOCAD patients and controls. The red blood cell distribution width (RDW), hematocrit (HCT), RBC count, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), and hemoglobin level were associated with EOCAD prevalence after adjusting for baseline differences. Platelet volume distribution width (PDW) also correlated with EOCAD prevalence (ORadjust = 1.087, 95% CI: 1.044-1.131). Conclusions: Hematological parameters are closely associated with EOCAD. Moreover, leukocyte parameters correlated with the presence and severity of the disease. In addition, erythrocyte parameters were associated with the disease presence but not with the disease severity. Among the platelet parameters, only PDW was related to the disease presence.

9.
RSC Adv ; 13(2): 1267-1277, 2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36686958

RESUMO

Background: oxidative stress is linked to various human diseases which developed into the idea of "disrupted redox signaling". Osteoporosis (OP) is a chronic skeletal disorder characterized by low bone mineral density and deterioration of bone microarchitecture among which estrogen deficiency is the main cause. Lack of estrogen leads to the imbalance between oxidation and anti-oxidation in patients, and oxidative stress is an important link in the pathogenesis of OP. The ratio of the reduced to the oxidized thiols can characterize the redox status. However, few methods have been reported for the simultaneous determination of reduced forms and their oxidized forms of thiols in plasma. Methods: we developed a hollow fiber centrifugal ultrafiltration (HFCF-UF) method for sample preparation and validated a high-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) method to determine two reduced forms of thiols-homocysteine (Hcy), cysteine (Cys) levels and their respective oxidized compounds, homocystine (HHcy) and cystine (Cyss) in rat plasma simultaneously for the first time. Thirty-six female rats were randomly divided into three groups: normal control (NC), oxidative stress (ovariectomy, OVX) and ovariectomy with hydrogen-rich saline administration (OVX + HRS). Results: the validation parameters for the methodological results were within the acceptance criteria. There were both significant differences of Hcy/HHcy (Hcy reduced/oxidized) and Cys/Cyss (Cys reduced/oxidized) in rat plasma between three groups with both p < 0.05 and meanwhile, the p values of malondialdehyde, superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase were all less than 0.01. The value of both Hcy/HHcy and Cys/Cyss were significantly decreased with the change of Micro-CT scan result of femoral neck in OVX group (both the trabecular thickness and trabecular number significantly decreased with a significant increase of trabecular separation) which demonstrate OP occurs. The change of Hcy/HHcy is more obvious and prominent than Cys/Cyss. Conclusions: the Hcy/HHcy and Cys/Cyss could be suitable biomarkers for oxidative stress and especially Hcy/HHcy is more sensitive. The developed method is simple and accurate. It can be easily applied in clinical research to further evaluate the oxidative stress indicator for disease risk factors.

10.
Oncol Lett ; 25(2): 71, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36688109

RESUMO

Ovarian cancer remains one of the most common gynecological malignancies with a poor prognosis. The present study investigated the roles of long non-coding RNA plasmacytoma variant translocation 1 (lncRNA PVT1) in the regulation of the malignant phenotype of ovarian cancer cells, including cell proliferation, migration, invasion and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). SKOV3 and CAOV3 cells were transfected with small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting lncRNA PVT1 (si-PVT1) or control siRNA and the si-PVT1 transfected cells were co-cultured with recombinant human connective tissue growth factor (rhCTGF). The proliferation, migration and invasion abilities of the cells were examined via Cell Counting Kit-8, colony formation, wound-healing and Transwell assays. The relative expression levels of lncRNA PVT1, CTGF, E-cadherin and vimentin were analyzed using reverse transfection-quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and western blotting was employed to detect the protein levels of CTGF, E-cadherin and vimentin. The expression of lncRNA PVT1 was significantly reduced in SKOV3 and CAOV3 cells following transfection with si-PVT1. In addition, the proliferation, migration and invasion abilities of SKOV3 and CAOV3 cells were repressed following lncRNA PVT1 knockdown. The knockdown of lncRNA PVT1 also reduced the expression of CTGF and vimentin, and increased the expression of E-cadherin. The changes in the proliferation, migration and invasion of the cells induced by transfection with si-PVT1 were partially attenuated in the presence of rhCTGF. Furthermore, co-culture with rhCTGF reversed the si-PVT1-induced changes in the expression of EMT-associated proteins. In conclusion, lncRNA PVT1 promotes the proliferation, migration, invasiveness and EMT process of ovarian cancer cells, and CTGF contributes to the effect of lncRNA PVT1.

11.
Amino Acids ; 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36697969

RESUMO

We developed a hollow fiber centrifugal ultrafiltration (HFCF-UF) method to study the change of plasma levels of free glycine (Gly) in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Twenty-four patients with AIS confirmed by diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) were enrolled. During the study period, the patients did not receive any supplemental amino acids therapy that could affect the obtained results. Our results showed that although AIS patients adopted different methods of treatment (thrombolytic and non-thrombolytic), the clinical NIHSS score of AIS showed a downward trend whereas Gly concentration showed increased trend. Moreover, plasma free Gly concentration was positively correlated with ASPECTS score. The correlation between Gly levels and infarct volume showed a statistical significance. That is to say, higher Gly level predicted smaller infarct size. Thus, the change of free Gly level in plasma could be considered as a potential biomarker of AIS.

12.
Microb Pathog ; 175: 105983, 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36641002

RESUMO

The H9N2 subtype of avian influenza virus (AIV) is common in poultry production. It causes mild clinical signs but rarely leads to poultry mortalities. However, higher mortality can occur in chickens with co-infections, especially avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC), which results in huge economic losses for the poultry industry. Unfortunately, the mechanism of co-infection remains unknown. Our previous studies screened several proteins associated with bacterial adhesion, including transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-ß1), integrins, cortactin, E-cadherin, vinculin, and fibromodulin. Herein, we investigated the contribution of TGF-ß1 to APEC adhesion after H9N2 infection. We first infected H9N2 and APEC in chicken, chicken embryo and DF-1 cells, and demonstrated that H9N2 infection promotes APEC adhesion to hosts in vitro and in vivo by plate count method. Through real-time fluorescence quantification and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, it was demonstrated that H9N2 infection not only increases TGF-ß1 expression but also its activity in a time-dependent manner. Then, through exogenous addition of TGF-ß1 and overexpression, we further demonstrated that TGF-ß1 can increase the adhesion of endothelial cells to DF-1 cells. Furthermore, the capacity of APEC adhesion to DF-1 cells was significantly decreased either by adding a TGF-ß1 receptor inhibitor or using small interfering RNAs to interfere with the expression of TGF-ß1. To sum up, H9N2 infection can promote the upregulation of TGF-ß1 and then increase the adhesion ability of APEC. Targeting TGF-ß1 and its associated pathway will provide valuable insights into the clinical treatment of E. coli secondary infection induced by H9N2 infection.

13.
Clin Transl Med ; 13(1): e1156, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36597139

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been reported to play a significant role in tumorigenesis. However, the detailed function of circRNA in prostate cancer (PCa) is still largely unknown. METHODS: We quantified circTFDP2 expression in PCa tissues and adjacent normal tissues using quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Colony formation, Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), flow cytometry, transwell, and in vivo progression and metastasis assays were applied to reveal the proliferation and metastatic abilities of circTFDP2 in PCa cells. Mass spectrometry, RNA pulldown, RNA-immunoprecipitation (RIP), western blotting and immunofluorescence were used for the mechanistic studies. qRT-PCR and RIP assays were used to explore the regulatory role of eIF4A3 in the biogenesis of circTFDP2. Finally, functional assays showed the effect of circTFDP2-containing exosomes on PCa cell progression. RESULTS: circTFDP2 was upregulated in PCa tissues compared with adjacent normal tissues. Furthermore, high circTFDP2 expression was positively correlated with the Gleason score. Functionally, circTFDP2 promoted PCa cell proliferation and metastasis both in vivo and in vitro. Mechanistically, circTFDP2 interacted with poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP1) protein in its DNA-binding domain to prevent it from active caspase-3-dependent cleavage, and finally relieved PCa cells from DNA damage. In addition, RNA-binding protein eIF4A3 can interact with the flanking region of circTFDP2 and promote the biogenesis of circTFDP2. Moreover, exosome-derived circTFDP2 promoted PCa cell progression. CONCLUSIONS: In general, our study demonstrated that circTFDP2 promoted PCa cell progression through the PARP1/DNA damage axis, which may be a promising therapeutic target for PCa.


Assuntos
Exossomos , Neoplasias da Próstata , Masculino , Humanos , Caspase 3 , Exossomos/metabolismo , Progressão da Doença , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/metabolismo , RNA , RNA Circular/genética , Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerase-1/genética
14.
Comput Biol Med ; 153: 106453, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36603434

RESUMO

Deep learning based medical image segmentation methods have been widely used for thyroid gland segmentation from ultrasound images, which is of great importance for the diagnosis of thyroid disease since it can provide various valuable sonography features. However, existing thyroid gland segmentation models suffer from: (1) low-level features that are significant in depicting thyroid boundaries are gradually lost during the feature encoding process, (2) contextual features reflecting the changes of difference between thyroid and other anatomies in the ultrasound diagnosis process are either omitted by 2D convolutions or weakly represented by 3D convolutions due to high redundancy. In this work, we propose a novel hybrid transformer UNet (H-TUNet) to segment thyroid glands in ultrasound sequences, which consists of two parts: (1) a 2D Transformer UNet is proposed by utilizing a designed multi-scale cross-attention transformer (MSCAT) module on every skipped connection of the UNet, so that the low-level features from different encoding layers are integrated and refined according to the high-level features in the decoding scheme, leading to better representation of differences between anatomies in one ultrasound frame; (2) a 3D Transformer UNet is proposed by applying a 3D self-attention transformer (SAT) module to the very bottom layer of 3D UNet, so that the contextual features representing visual differences between regions and consistencies within regions could be strengthened from successive frames in the video. The learning process of the H-TUNet is formulated as a unified end-to-end network, so the intra-frame feature extraction and inter-frame feature aggregation can be learned and optimized jointly. The proposed method was evaluated on Thyroid Segmentation in Ultrasonography Dataset (TSUD) and TG3k Dataset. Experimental results have demonstrated that our method outperformed other state-of-the-art methods with respect to the certain benchmarks for thyroid gland segmentation.


Assuntos
Benchmarking , Glândula Tireoide , Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador
15.
Biomed Res Int ; 2023: 1277258, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36644162

RESUMO

In this study, the expression of Cripto-1 and the role of macrophage polarization in immune response after allogeneic transfusion were analyzed by constructing a mouse model of allogeneic transfusion. In order to analyze the effects of miR-449a on the PI3K/AKT/NF-κB signaling pathway and the expression of downstream related regulatory factors under normal and abnormal conditions, we adopt in vitro and in vivo experiments separately. The molecular mechanism of PI3K/AKT/NF-κB signaling pathway was analyzed by blocking or activating gene expression and western blotting. Experiment in vitro has confirmed that inhibition of miR-449a increased the protein expression of Cripto-1. In vivo experiments confirmed that allogeneic transfusion reduced the expression of Cripto-1, which further inhibited NF-κB signaling pathway through AKT/PI3K phosphorylation, regulated macrophage polarization, inhibited M1 polarization of macrophages, promoted M2 polarization, and thus affected immune response of the body.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , MicroRNAs , Animais , Camundongos , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo
16.
Neurol Ther ; 2023 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36609961

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Progressive cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST)-induced visual loss remains problematic, despite decreasing overall mortality owing to early diagnosis and aggressive treatment. Optic nerve sheath fenestration (ONSF) improves or stabilizes visual function in patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension; however, its role in CVST awaits elucidation. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of ONSF in resolving CVST-induced visual impairment based on long-term observation. METHODS: This observational study included 18 patients with progressive CVST-induced visual loss, who had undergone ONSF between 2012 and 2021. Patients received maximum medical therapy, including anticoagulants and intracranial pressure (ICP)-lowering medications. The best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), visual fields (VFs), and optic nerve head were assessed at baseline, at 1 week after ONSF, and over 6 months after ONSF. Activities of daily living (ADL) and National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire-25 (VFQ-25) scores were assessed at final follow-up. RESULTS: Thirty-one ONSF-treated eyes of 18 patients were included. The mean follow-up duration was 35.6 months (range 1 week-8 years). Two patients were lost to follow-up. Before ONSF, all patients were still experiencing progressive visual loss despite receiving adequate anticoagulation and ICP-lowering therapy. Postoperative BCVA remained stable or improved in 25/31 eyes (80.6%) 1 week postoperatively and 17/28 eyes (60.7%) upon final follow-up. All papilledema resolved postoperatively. No complications were reported except for one transient postoperative diplopia. The median ADL score was 100 (range 25-100), and the mean total VFQ-25 score was 40.6 (range 9.5-87.3). CONCLUSION: This was the largest study to describe ONSF's role in CVST based on a long-term follow-up. Considering its efficacy and favorable safety, ONSF can be considered an important adjunctive approach to resolving progressive visual loss of CVST patients, on the basis of anticoagulation and ICP-lowering therapy.


Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is a cerebrovascular disease that generally affects young patients. Medical treatments include anticoagulants, intracranial pressure (ICP)-lowering medications, and repeated lumbar punctures, effectively reducing CVST's mortality rate. However, CVST still carries a potential risk of progressive vision loss. Optic nerve sheath fenestration (ONSF) has been reported to be effective and safe in protecting visual function of patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension. However, its efficacy and safety have not been evaluated in visual loss caused by CVST. We were the first to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ONSF in CVST-induced progressive visual loss based on long-term follow-ups. Before ONSF, all patients were still experiencing progressive visual loss despite receiving adequate anticoagulation and ICP-lowering therapy. We found ONSF to be 80.6% (1 week postoperatively) and 60.7% (after long-term follow-up of over 6 months) effective in stabilizing and/or improving visual function as well as 100% effective in papilledema resolution. Moreover, ONSF exhibited a favorable safety profile, with an extremely low complication rate of 5.6% despite under perioperative anticoagulation. Although visual impairment in CVST was reported to be uncommon, it often significantly affects quality of life and social value of patients. Thus, visual loss in CVST deserves more attention from neurologists, neurosurgeons, and ophthalmologists. Considering its efficacy and favorable safety, ONSF could be regarded a potentially important adjunctive approach to resolving progressive visual loss in CVST patients, on the basis of anticoagulation and ICP-lowering therapy.Procedural videos available for this article.

17.
Vaccine ; 2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36621409

RESUMO

Current vaccine formulations elicit a recall immune response against viruses by targeting epitopes on the globular head of hemagglutinin (HA), and stalk-reactive antibodies are rarely found. However, stalk-specific memory B-cell expansion after influenza vaccination is poorly understood. In this study, B cells were isolated from individuals immunized with seasonal tetravalent influenza vaccines at days 0 and 28 for H7N9 stimulation in vitro. Plasma and supernatants were collected for the analysis of anti-HA IgG using ELISA and a Luminex assay. Memory B cells were positively enriched, and total RNA was extracted for B cell receptor (BCR) H-CDR3 sequencing. All subjects displayed increased anti-H3 antibody secretion after vaccination, whereas no increase in cH5/3-reactive IgG levels was detected. The number of shared memory B-cell clones among individuals dropped dramatically from 593 to 37. Four out of 5 subjects displayed enhanced frequencies of the VH3-23 and VH3-30 genes, and one exhibited an increase in the frequency of VH1-18, which are associated with the stalk of HA. An increase in H3 stalk-specific antibodies produced by B cells stimulated with H7N9 viruses was detected after vaccination. These results demonstrated that H3 stalk-specific memory B cells can expand and secrete antibodies that bind to the stalk in vitro, although no increase in serum H3 stalk-reactive antibodies was found after vaccination, indicating potential for developing a universal vaccine strategy.

18.
Aesthet Surg J ; 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36656674

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is undeniable that costal cartilage is an excellent source of grafts, however it has some potential disadvantages, including the tendency to warp. There are very few studies that have examined how to resolve pre-existing cartilage warping during secondary revision surgery. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the causes of cartilage warping other than the cartilage itself and ways to correct cartilage warping during revision surgery. METHODS: During the present study, the cases of cartilage warping in the past 5 years were retrospectively reviewed, and the external factors of cartilage warping were evaluated in order to design new cartilage grafts that could be used to repair cartilage deformities. RESULTS: A total of 29 females and 3 males between the ages of 18 and 60 years participated in the study (average age, 32.5 years). In all cases, embed-in grafts were used to correct warping. All patients satisfied with the results. As a result of our research, we found that another external cause of cartilage warping was the hump that was not removed completely during the initial surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Incomplete removal of the hump is a major contributing external factor to cartilage warping, particularly in the sagittal plane. This embed-in graft is not intended to be used as a routine graft in normal circumstances, but rather as an immediate means of solving an unexpected situation. The graft is primarily used to repair severely warped cartilage.

20.
Photobiomodul Photomed Laser Surg ; 41(1): 26-29, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36629900

RESUMO

Background: The incidence of herpes zoster (HZ) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients is high, and the symptoms are usually severe and resistant to treatment, and the prognosis is poor. Ultraviolet (UV) A1 is a band of UV light, and UVA1 phototherapy has been widely used to treat various inflammatory skin diseases. Objective: At present, UVA1 has been considered as a potential adjuvant therapy for HZ in SLE patients. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report concerning the successful application of UVA1 in the treatment of HZ secondary to SLE. Methods: In this article, a clinical case report is presented, wherein the patient did not respond to conventional treatment, but was markedly responsive to the treatment of UVA1 phototherapy, and well tolerated. Results: A 29-year-old woman with severe HZ secondary to SLE was successfully treated with UVA1 phototherapy. Conclusions: UVA1 phototherapy can be used as an effective adjuvant treatment for HZ secondary to SLE.


Assuntos
Herpes Zoster , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Terapia Ultravioleta , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto , Terapia Ultravioleta/efeitos adversos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/terapia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Herpes Zoster/complicações , Herpes Zoster/radioterapia , Raios Ultravioleta , Resultado do Tratamento
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