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1.
Biotechniques ; 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33415991

RESUMO

Transcription activator-like effector (TALE) nucleases (TALENs) efficiently recognize and cleave DNA in a sequence-dependent manner. However, current TALE custom synthesis methods are either complicated or expensive. Here we report a simple and low-cost method for TALE construct assembly. This method utilizes the denaturation/reannealing nature of double-stranded DNA to create a unique single-stranded DNA overhang for proper ordering of TALE monomers in an engineered multimer. We successfully synthesized two TALEN pairs targeting the endogenous TET1 locus in human embryonic kidney cells and demonstrated their editing efficiency. Our method provides an alternative simple, low-cost method for effective TALEN assembly, which may improve the application of TALE-based technology.

3.
Int J Antimicrob Agents ; : 106277, 2021 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33434677

RESUMO

Vaginal dysbiosis is characterized by the disturbed vaginal microbiota and associated with various gynecological diseases, and it is an urgent need for the development of effective agent due to its high recurrence. In the present study, the vaginal dysbiosis model was developed to study the positive effect of the vaginal microbiota transplantation (VMT) or probiotic combination (PC, containing Lactobacillus helveticus, L. crispatus, L. acidophilus, L. gasseri, and L. salivarius) on vaginal dysbiosis. Our results indicated that VMT or PC significantly reduced the introducing bacteria-induced inflammation (infiltrations of neutrophils, lymphocytes, and monocytes) in uterine wall, the enrichment of the proinflammatory cytokines [interleukin (IL)-1ß and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α] in vaginal tissue, and restored the disturbed vaginal microbiota to normal level (increasing numbers of Lactobacillus and decreasing numbers of Enterobacter and Enterococcus), by which it should be beneficial for avoiding the recurrence of vaginal dysbiosis. Therefore, VMT or PC might be an effective agent for the treatment of the bacterial-induced vaginosis.

4.
Vet Res ; 52(1): 7, 2021 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33431056

RESUMO

Elucidating virus-cell interactions is fundamental to understanding viral replication and identifying targets for therapeutic control of viral infection. The extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway has been shown to regulate pathogenesis during many viral infections, but its role during coronavirus infection is undetermined. Infectious bronchitis virus is the representative strain of Gammacoronavirus, which causes acute and highly contagious diseases in the poultry farm. In this study, we investigated the role of ERK1/2 signaling pathway in IBV infection. We found that IBV infection activated ERK1/2 signaling and the up-regulation of phosphatase DUSP6 formed a negative regulation loop. Pharmacological inhibition of MEK1/2-ERK1/2 signaling suppressed the expression of DUSP6, promoted cell death, and restricted virus replication. In contrast, suppression of DUSP6 by chemical inhibitor or siRNA increased the phosphorylation of ERK1/2, protected cells from apoptosis, and facilitated IBV replication. Overexpression of DUSP6 decreased the level of phospho-ERK1/2, promoted apoptosis, while dominant negative mutant DUSP6-DN lost the regulation function on ERK1/2 signaling and apoptosis. In conclusion, these data suggest that MEK-ERK1/2 signaling pathway facilitates IBV infection, probably by promoting cell survival; meanwhile, induction of DUSP6 forms a negative regulation loop to restrict ERK1/2 signaling, correlated with increased apoptosis and reduced viral load. Consequently, components of the ERK pathway, such as MEK1/2 and DUSP6, represent excellent targets for the development of antiviral drugs.

5.
Science ; 371(6526)2021 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33446529

RESUMO

Günther et al report that their control experiment using randomized magnetic field gradient sequences disagreed with findings we had reported using linear gradients. However, we show that measurements in our laboratory are consistent using both methods.

6.
J Mater Chem B ; 2021 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33443514

RESUMO

Neural stem cells (NSCs) represent significant potential and promise in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases and nerve injuries. An efficient methodology or platform that can help in specifically directing the stem cell fate is important and highly desirable for future clinical therapy. In this study, a biodegradable electrical conductive film composed of an oxidative polymerized carboxyl-capped aniline pentamer (CCAP) and ring-opening polymerized tetra poly(d,l-lactide) (4a-PLA) was designed with the addition of the dopant, namely chondroitin sulfate. This conductive film acts as a biological substrate for the exogenous/endogenous electric field transmission in tissue, resulting in the control of NSC fate, as well as improvement in neural tissue regeneration. The results show that CCAP is successfully synthesized and then conjugated onto 4a-PLA to form a network structure with electrical conductivity, cell adhesion capacity, and biodegradability. The neuronal differentiation of NSCs can be induced on 4a-PLAAP, and the neuronal maturation process can be facilitated by the manipulation of the electrical field. This biocompatible and electroactive material can serve as a platform to determine the cell fate of NSCs and be employed in neural regeneration. For future perspectives, its promising performance shows potential in applications, such as electrode-tissue integration interfaces, coatings on neuroprosthetics devices and neural probes, and smart drug delivery system in neurological systems.

7.
New Phytol ; 2021 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33462818

RESUMO

Salt stress triggers the overdose accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in crop plants, leading to severe oxidative damage to living tissues. MicroRNAs act as master regulators orchestrating the stress responsive regulatory networks as well as salt tolerance. However, the fundamental roles of miRNAs in modulating salt tolerance in cereal crops, especially in salt-triggered ROS scavenging remain largely unknown. Through small RNA sequencing, a salt-responsive miRNA, miR172 was identified in rice. Further, by generating the miR172-overexpression or MIR172 gene loss-of-function mutant lines, the biological significance of miR172 and its downstream signaling pathways related to salt tolerance were defined. We demonstrated that miR172 is a positive regulator of salt tolerance in both rice and wheat. More interestingly, miR172a and miR172b, but not miR172c or miR172d are involved in salt stress response, emphasizing the functional differentiation within miR172 family members. Further evidence uncovers a novel miR172/IDS1 regulatory module that functions as a crucial molecular rheostat in maintaining ROS homeostasis during salt stress, mainly through balancing the expression of a group of ROS-scavenging genes. Our findings establish a direct molecular link between miRNAs and detoxification response in cereal crops for improving salt tolerance.

8.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 2021 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33470530

RESUMO

The pathophysiological mechanisms of neuroinflammation, angiogenesis, and neuroplasticity are currently the hotspots of researches in ischemic stroke. Regulatory T cells (Tregs), a subset of T cells that control inflammatory and immune responses in the body, are closely related to the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke. They participate in the inflammatory response and neuroplasticity process of ischemic stroke by various mechanisms, such as secretion of anti-inflammatory factors, inhibition of pro-inflammatory factors, induction of cell lysis, production of the factors that promote neural regeneration, and modulation of microglial and macrophage polarization. However, it remains unclear whether Tregs play a beneficial or deleterious role in ischemic stroke and the effect of Tregs in different stages of ischemic stroke. Here, we discuss the dynamic changes of Tregs at various stages of experimental and clinical stroke, the potential mechanisms under Tregs in regulating stroke and the preclinical studies of Tregs-related treatments, in order to provide a reference for clinical treatment.

9.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2021 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33470533

RESUMO

Neuregulin-1 (NRG-1) is reported to be cardioprotective through the extracellular-regulated protein kinase (ERK) 1/2 pathway in myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI). NOX4-induced ROS activated NLRP3 inflammasome and exacerbates MIRI. This study aims to investigate whether NRG-1 can suppress NOX4 by ERK1/2 and consequently inhibit the NLRP3/caspase-1 signal in MIRI. The myocardial infarct size (IS) was measured by TTC-Evans blue staining. Immunohistochemical staining, real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) and Western blotting were used for detection of the factors, such as NOX4, ERK1/2, NLRP3, caspase-1 and IL-1ß .The IS in the NRG-1 (3 µg/kg, intravenous) group was lower than that in the IR group. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed NRG-1 decreased 4HNE and NOX4. The RT-qPCR and Western blot analyses revealed that NRG-1 mitigated the IR-induced up-regulation of NOX4 and ROS production. Compared with the IR group, the NRG-1 group exhibited a higher level of P-ERK1/2 and a lower level of NLRP3. In the Langendorff model, PD98059 inhibited ERK1/2 and up-regulated the expression of NOX4, NLRP3, caspase-1 and IL-1ß, which exacerbated oxidative stress and inflammation. In conclusion, NRG-1 can reduce ROS production by inhibiting NOX4 through ERK1/2 and inhibit the NLRP3/caspase-1 pathway to attenuate myocardial oxidative damage and inflammation in MIRI.

10.
J Mater Chem B ; 2021 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33464259

RESUMO

In recent years, the fabrication of well-organized proteinosomes has been a popular topic due to the potential applications of the structures in materials science and nanotechnology. A big challenge in the fabrication of proteinosomes is to maintain the structures and the functionalities of proteins on the proteinosomes. In this research, a new concept of polymerization-induced formation of proteinosomes is proposed. In thermal dispersion polymerization of N-isopropyl acrylamide (NIPAM) in the presence of bovine serum albumin (BSA), the growing PNIPAM chains experience phase transition from hydrated coils to dehydrated globules, and the dehydrated PNIPAM chains have hydrophobic interaction with BSA, leading to the formation of hollow proteinosomes. Kinetics studies indicate that there is a transition from the homogeneous polymerization of NIPAM in solution to the heterogeneous polymerization in the proteinosomes. Transmission electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, confocal laser scanning microscopy and dynamic light scattering all demonstrate the formation of hollow structures. The results of circular dichroism spectroscopy indicate that the secondary structure of BSA remains unchanged in the polymerization process. The formation of proteinosomes is reversible. Upon cooling of the solution to a temperature below the phase transition temperature of PNIPAM, the proteinosomes are dissociated due to the absence of the hydrophobic interaction. The proteinosomes can be used in the encapsulation of hydrophilic compounds in aqueous solution. In this research, not only BSA but also ovalbumin (OVA) is used as a model protein for the fabrication of proteinosomes by the polymerization-induced approach.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33452641

RESUMO

Microcystins (MCs) have seriously polluted drinking water supplies and have caused great harm to aquatic organisms and humans. Understanding the dynamics of MC concentrations and its influencing factors is necessary for drinking water safety. Many previous studies on MC pollution focused on intracellular MCs rather than on extracellular MCs, which are more difficult to remove by water treatment. So far, the release characteristics of MCs and the relationships between intracellular and extracellular MCs are still unclear. To explore these questions, a survey was conducted at 18 sites across Lake Erhai from May 2014 to April 2015 as in Lake Erhai the frequency and coverage area of cyanobacterial blooms have been increasing. Variation of extracellular MCs lagged behind that of intracellular MCs. The highest value of intracellular MCs was 1.07 µg L-1 in October 2014 and the highest extracellular MC concentration was 0.035 µg L-1 in November 2014. Intracellular MCs were positively influenced by MC-producing cyanobacterial biomass, water temperature (WT), pH, and conductivity (Cond). The extracellular MCs showed little correlation with cyanobacterial abundances and intracellular MC concentrations, but showed significant negative correlations with WT, pH, and Cond. These results indicated that high biomass and high intracellular MC concentrations did not quickly lead to large releases of MCs, and that when cyanobacterial cells died and blooms disappeared, MCs were intensively released into the water, posing the greatest threat to drinking water supply.

12.
Virus Res ; 294: 198287, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33418024

RESUMO

Arctigenin derivatives form an elite class of naturally occurring compounds that possess promising antiviral therapeutic perspectives. In a previous study, we design and synthesize a arctigenin derivative, 4-(8-(2-ethylimidazole)octyloxy)-arctigenin (EOA), to evaluate its antiviral activity on infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNV). In this study, we find that the half maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50) of EOA on IHNV nucleoprotein (N), phosphoprotein (P), matrix protein (M), nonvirion protein (NV) and polymerase (L) mRNA expression is 0.92, 0.80, 0.98, 0.89 and 0.87 µM, respectively. Mechanistically, our results show that EOA do not damage the viral particles directly, indicating EOA does not possess antiviral activity by destroying virions. Viral binding assays reveal that EOA do not interfere with IHNV adsorption. Because rapamycin has been shown to exhibit anti-IHNV activity by inducing autophagy of epithelioma papulosum cyprini (EPC) cells, we further investigate the relationship between EOA and autophagy in EPC cells. Autophagy fluorescence detection shows that EPC cells have a strong autophagy body after being treated with derivative EOA. The electron microscopy results show that EOA could induce typical autophagosomes which are representative structures of autophagy activation. Moreover, the punctate accumulation of green fluorescence-tagged microtubule-associate protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) and the protein conversion from LC3-I to LC3-II are respectively confirmed by confocal fluorescence microscopy and western blotting. Overall, these findings demonstrate that EOA plays an anti-IHNV role via inducing autophagy in EPC cells.

13.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 211: 111910, 2021 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33444879

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) is a typical pollutant and carcinogen in environment. Exposure assessment of contaminants is an important component of occupational and environmental epidemiological studies. Early studies of Cd have focused on aquatic animals, chickens and rats. However, toxicological evaluation of Cd in pigs has not been reported. Therefore, twelve pigs were randomly divided into two groups (n = 6): the control group and the Cd group (Cd content: 15 ± 0.242 mg/kg feed) in this study, the experimental period was 30 d, and the toxic effects of Cd on the liver of weanling piglets were examined by antioxidant function, liver function, Cd content, histological examination and transcriptomics. The results showed that the changes of antioxidant function, liver function and Cd content were significant in the liver. Transcriptional profiling results showed that 399 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were significantly up-regulated while 369 DEGs were remarkably down-regulated in Cd group, and which were concentrated in three ontologies: molecular function, cellular component and biological processes. Interestingly, significant changes in some genes of the cytochrome P450 enzyme (CYP450) and solute carrier (SLC) families have been observed and were consistent with qRT-PCR results. In conclusion, Cd could cause liver injury in weanling piglets and change the transcriptomic characteristics of liver. CYP450 and SLC families play an indispensable role in Cd-mediated hepatotoxicity. Importantly, changes in mRNA levels of CYP2B22, CYP7A1, CYP8B1, SLC26A8, SLC11A1, SLC27A2 and SLC22A7 induced by Cd have been reported for the first time. Our findings will provide a new insight for better assessing the mechanism of Cd toxicity to the liver.

14.
Int J Equity Health ; 20(1): 35, 2021 01 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33446205

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: China issued strict nationwide guidelines to combat the COVID-19 outbreak in January 2020 and gradually loosened the restrictions on movement in early March. Little is known about how these disease control measures affected the 600 million people who live in rural China. The goal of this paper is to document the quarantine measures implemented in rural China outside the epicenter of Hubei Province and to assess the socioeconomic effect of the measures on rural communities over time. METHODS: We conducted three rounds of interviews with informants from 726 villages in seven provinces, accounting for over 25% of China's overall rural population. The survey collected data on rural quarantine implementation; COVID-19 infections and deaths in the survey villages; and effects of the quarantine on employment, income, education, health care, and government policies to address any negative impacts. The empirical findings of the work established that strict quarantine measures were implemented in rural villages throughout China in February. RESULTS: There was little spread of COVID-19 in rural communities: an infection rate of 0.001% and zero deaths reported in our sample. However, there were negative social and economic outcomes, including high rates of unemployment, falling household income, rising prices, and disrupted student learning. Health care was generally accessible, but many delayed their non-COVID-19 health care due to the quarantine measures. Only 20% of villagers received any form of local government aid, and only 11% of villages received financial subsidies. There were no reports of national government aid programs that targeted rural villagers in the sample areas. CONCLUSIONS: By examining the economic and social effects of the COVID-19 restrictions in rural communities, this study will help to guide other middle- and low-income countries in their containment and restorative processes. Without consideration for economically vulnerable populations, economic hardships and poverty will likely continue to have a negative impact on the most susceptible communities.


Assuntos
/prevenção & controle , Quarentena , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , /epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Fatores Socioeconômicos
15.
Carbohydr Polym ; 256: 117609, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33483085

RESUMO

Hydrogels are widely used in the biomedical field, due to their high similarity to native extracellular matrix (ECM). Most responsive hydrogels could only passively receive stimuli and independently change their properties. In this study, a photosensitive o-nitrobenzyl (NB) ester linker of polyethylene glycol (PEG) with maleimido (Mal) as terminal groups (PEG-NB-Mal) and a 5-methylfurfuryl (mF) grafted carboxymethyl chitosan (CMCS) derivative (CMCS-mF) were synthesized and used to prepare functional hydrogels via Diels-Alder (DA) reactions. The hydrogel exhibited programmable degradation properties after sequential exposure to UV light and acid treatments. It can maintain high integrity upon the single stimuli, the cascade acid and UV light treatments or the cascade UV light and alkaline treatments. Moreover, the hydrogel exhibited well controlled release profile of rhodamine B (RB). In summary, such CMCS-based hydrogels show great potential in biomedical applications. In addition, the usage of photo-induced cascade reaction in sequential degradation hydrogels can be extended to design other types of programmable smart materials.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33480669

RESUMO

A novel ratiometric electrochemical (EC) sensing platform was established for sensitive immunoassay of target cytokeratin 19 fragment 21-1 (CYFRA21-1) biomarker by combining competitive immunoreaction and multisignal output. This immunosensor utilized Ag nanoparticles (NPs)-functionalized urchin-like Fe3O4@polydopamine (u-Fe3O4@PDA-Ag) as a matrix to immobilize CYFRA21-1 antigens and methylene blue (MB)-absorbed Ni3Si2O5(OH)4-Au nanotubes (NTs) to label the anti-CYFRA21-1 (Ab). During the competitive immunoreaction, square wave voltammetric (SWV) current changes of Ag NPs from u-Fe3O4@PDA-Ag indicator and MB from Ni3Si2O5(OH)4-Au/MB indicator are relevant to the dosage of CYFRA21-1-acquired Ni3Si2O5(OH)4-Au/MB/Ab. More importantly, numerous CYFRA21-1 loaded stably on u-Fe3O4@PDA-Ag exhibited strong competitive capacity toward the target-CYFRA21-1 to combine Ni3Si2O5(OH)4-Au/MB/Ab, causing sensitive changes in the ratio of two measured SWV currents. Prominently, "ΔI = ΔIMB + |ΔIAg NPs|" (ΔIMB and |ΔIAg NPs| represents the change values of the oxidation peak currents of MB and Ag NPs, respectively) could be regarded as significantly amplifying the signal response and ultimately improving the sensitivity of CYFRA21-1 detection, from which we derived a wide dynamic range from 500 fg/mL to 50 ng/mL and a low detection limit of 0.39 pg/mL (S/N = 3). This work may exert a profound impact on monitoring other biomarkers in early diagnosis of diseases.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33423308

RESUMO

This study was conducted to assess the effects of different dose levels of zinc oxide (ZnO) combined with probiotics complex supplementation on the growth, performance, nutrient digestibility, faecal lactobacillus and Enterobacteria counts, noxious gas emissions and faecal score of weaned piglets. A total of 180 crossbred weaning pigs ([Yorkshire × Landrace] × Duroc; 6.61 ± 1.29 kg [mean ± SE]; 28 days old) were used in a 42-day trial. All pigs were randomly allotted to 1 of 4 treatment diets based on initial BW and sex (9 replicate pens/treatment; 2 gilts and 3 barrows/pen). Dietary treatment groups were as follows: CON, basal diet +ZnO 3,000 ppm; BZS, basal diet +ZnO 2,100 ppm +0.1% SynerZymeF10; BZS1, basal diet +ZnO 1,200 ppm +0.1% SynerZymeF10; BZS2, basal diet +ZnO 300 ppm +0.1% SynerZymeF10. During the phase 3, decreasing the ZnO concentration led to a linear reduction in ADG (p = 0.044), and the ADG was lower (p < 0.05) in BZS2 compared with CON treatment during the whole experimental period. The effects of dietary ZnO with probiotics complex were not detected (p > 0.05) on nutrient digestibility, Lactobacillus and E. coli counts, faecal gas emissions and faecal scores. In conclusion, the diet supplementation of ZnO (1,200 ppm) with probiotics complex has been shown to have comparable efficacy to ZnO (3,000 ppm) diet on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, faecal microbiota, noxious gas emissions and faecal score of weaning pigs.

18.
Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg ; 32(1): 9-19, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33313764

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Functional mitral regurgitation (MR) is observed with ischaemic heart disease or aortic valve disease. Assessing the value of mitral valve repair or replacement (MVR/P) is complicated by frequent discordance between preoperative transthoracic echocardiographic (pTTE) and intraoperative transoesophageal echocardiographic (iTOE) assessment of MR severity. We examined the association of pTTE and iTOE with postoperative mortality in patients with or without MR, at the time of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and/or aortic valve replacement without MVR/P. METHODS: Medical records of 6629 patients undergoing CABG and/or aortic valve replacement surgery with or without functional MR and who did not undergo MVR/P were reviewed. MR severity assessed by pTTE and iTOE were examined for association with postoperative mortality using proportional hazards regression while accounting for patient and operative characteristics. RESULTS: In 72% of 709 patients with clinically significant (moderate or greater) functional MR detected by pTTE, iTOE performed after induction of anaesthesia demonstrated a reduction in MR severity, while 2% of patients had increased severity of MR by iTOE. iTOE assessment of MR was better associated with long-term postoperative mortality than pTTE in patients with moderate MR [hazard ratio (HR) 1.31 (1.11-1.55) vs 1.02 (0.89-1.17), P-value for comparison of HR 0.025] but was not different for more than moderate MR [1.43 (0.96-2.14) vs 1.27 (0.80-2.02)]. CONCLUSIONS: In patients undergoing CABG and/or aortic valve replacement without MVR/P, these findings support intraoperative reassessment of MR severity by iTOE as an adjunct to pTTE in the prediction of mortality. Alone, these findings do not yet provide evidence for an operative strategy.

19.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 207: 111384, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33011457

RESUMO

Light intensity is one of the ecological factors that appreciably affects the metabolism of Scylla paramamosain during overwintering. This study adopted the isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ) method to investigate metabolic changes of S. paramamosain under three illumination levels (0, 1.43 and 40.31 µmol m-2·s-1) for four months during indoor overwintering. The iTRAQ identified 3282 proteins, among which 267 exhibited significant differential expression (122 upregulated and 145 downregulated) in the low light group, and 299 with significant differential expression (252 upregulated and 47 downregulated) in the high light group. Analysis of these results showed that there were different metabolic regulatory patterns under different light intensities. Low light is more conducive to the survival of S. paramamosain, which needs to produce and consume relatively less energy to sustain physiological activities. Thus, the essential proteins associated with physiological activities were significantly upregulated, while those related to energy production were significantly downregulated. In contrast, high light exerts a certain stress on the survival of S. paramamosain and required more energy to cope with this stress, which forced a significant upregulation of proteins related to stress response and energy production. The findings of this study highlighted the metabolic regulatory mechanisms of S. paramamosain under different light intensities.


Assuntos
Braquiúros/fisiologia , Animais , Braquiúros/genética , Regulação para Baixo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Luz , Proteômica/métodos , Regulação para Cima
20.
Pancreatology ; 21(1): 89-94, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33309224

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epidemiological evidence indicates that hemodialysis may be a risk factor for acute pancreatitis. This meta-analysis was conducted with the aim of summarizing all available data and examining the present evidence. AIM: To quantify the association between hemodialysis and the incidence of acute pancreatitis. METHODS: This meta-analysis included studies on the incidence of acute pancreatitis in patients with hemodialysis. We summarized the incidence of acute pancreatitis in hemodialysis patients, and compared the incidence of acute pancreatitis in hemodialysis patients with that in non-hemodialysis individuals. Pooled risk ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using a random-effects model. RESULTS: A total of 5 observational studies with 1059384 individuals were identified for the meta-analysis. Meta-analysis of these observational studies showed that the pooled prevalence of acute pancreatitis in hemodialysis patients was 1.1% (95% CI: 0.2%-2.3%). In addition, we found that hemodialysis was associated with an increased risk of acute pancreatitis (relative risk = 6.96; 95% CI 3.71-13.06). CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis confirmed that hemodialysis is associated with an increased risk of acute pancreatitis. More fundamental research should be carried out to elucidate the biological mechanisms.

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