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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33856098

RESUMO

Although considerable progress achieved, further development of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) films is still facing the formidable challenge of upscaling, which hampers their practical applications in diverse areas such as molecular separation, sensing, microelectrics and catalysis. Here we show that continuous MOF films with highly controlled thickness (from 44 to 5100 nm) can be deposited over length scales greater than 80 centimeters by a facile, fast, and cost-effective spray-coating method. Such success relies on our discovery of unprecedented perfectly-dispersed colloidal solutions consisting of amorphous MOF nanoparticles, which we adopted as precursors that readily converted to the crystalline films upon low-temperature in situ heating. Importantly, the colloidal solutions allow for the fabrication of compact and uniform MOF films on a great deal of substrates such as fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO), glass, SiO 2 , Al 2 O 3 , Si, Cu, and even flexible polycarbonate, widening their technological applications where substrates are essential. Despite the present work focuses on the fabrication of uniform cobalt-(2-methylimidazole) 2 and zinc-(2-methylimidazole) 2 films, our findings mark a great possibility in producing other high-quality MOF thin films on a large scale.

2.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 216: 112190, 2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33798867

RESUMO

The main contributors to antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) profiles during the composting process under the addition of biochar (BC) and peat (PT) were not fully explored. This study investigated the influence of BC and PT amendment on ARGs fate, the bacterial community and heavy metals in sewage sludge compost. Compared to control, BC and PT declined the total abundances of ARGs by 17.6% and 43.0% after composting. Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes and Proteobacteria were the dominant phyla across the composting process, among which, members of Firmicutes (mainly Bacillaceae) were the potential hosts for multiple ARGs. BC and PT addition declined the abundance of bacterial pathogens such as Bacteroides and Pseudomonas. Besides, the concentrations of copper (Cu), zinc (Zn) and lead (Pb) were less in BC and PT treatments than control on day 40, and these metals displayed significant positive correlations to sul1 and intI1. Furthermore, variation partitioning analysis (VPA) revealed that the bacterial community exhibited the most contribution to the ARG patterns, as much as 34.0%, followed by heavy metals (10.8%) and intI1 gene (1.5%). These results suggested that biochar and peat can reduce the risks of ARGs in sewage sludge mainly by sharping the bacterial composition.

3.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(3): 3039-3049, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33849094

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to estimate peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets and programmed death receptor-1 positive (PD-1+) proportions of T cells, and their impact on progression free survival (PFS) and radiological response in lung cancer. METHODS: From May 2018 to April 2020, 34patients of the Henan Tumor Hospital who were diagnosed with advanced lung cancer were recruited to this study. Peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets and PD-1+ proportions of T cells were assessed by flow cytometry before and after treatment with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs). The associations among these parameters, and PFS and clinical response were estimated by survival analysis and Fishers' exact test, respectively. RESULTS: Several lymphocyte variables and biomarkers were found to be correlated with PFS and tumor response, as assessed using the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST). In all 34 lung cancer participants and a subgroup of 28 participants with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), higher levels of natural killer (NK) cells and higher CD4+/CD8+ cell ratios before the ICIs treatment were associated with longer PFS. Moreover, CD4+ T cells were significantly correlated with radiological response in all 34 lung cancer participants. Of the 28 NSCLC participants, those with higher levels of CD4+ T cells, CD4+/CD8+ cell ratios, absolute numbers of NK cells, and lower levels of regulatory T cells (Tregs)before treatment had better tumor response. After 2 cycles of combined ICIs treatment, both the absolute numbers of CD4+ T cells and CD45+ lymphocytes were statistically associated with PFS after being adjusted for gender and neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) [hazard ratio (HR) =0.23, P=0.015; HR=0.30, P=0.032, respectively]. The absolute numbers of CD45+, CD3+, and CD4+ T lymphocytes were associated with radiological response treated by ICIs (P=0.038). CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggested that the absolute number of NK cells and CD4+/CD8+ cells ratio before treatment could predict longer PFS and better radiological response in lung cancer patients treated with ICIs combination therapy. In addition, Tregs, as well as the other parameters in lymphocyte subsets, may also predict response.

4.
Curr Drug Deliv ; 2021 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33902411

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fenofibrate (FNB) is a commonly used hypolipidemic agent. However, the oral bioavailability of FNB is limited by slow dissolution due to its low solubility. Thus, investigations on novel FNB formulations are necessary for their use. OBJECTIVE: To enhance the oral bioavailability of FNB using optimized Nanostructured Lipid Carrier (NLC) formulations. METHODS: Hot homogenization followed by ultrasonication was used to prepare FNB-NLCs. These formulations were optimized using a Box-Behnken design, where the amount of FNB (X1), a ratio of solid lipid/liquid lipid (X2), and the percentage of emulsifier (X3), were set as independent variables, while the particle size (Y1), and Entrapment Efficiency (EE%) (Y2), were used as dependent factors. An in vitro dissolution test was then performed using a paddle method, while an in vivo pharmacokinetic study of FNB-NLC formulation was performed in rats. RESULTS: FNB-NLCs were successfully prepared and optimized using a Box-Behnken design. The particle size and EE% of the FNB-NLC had less than 5% difference from predicted values. The in vitro dissolution and oral bioavailability of the FNB-NLC were both higher than those of raw FNB. CONCLUSION: A Box-Behnken design was successfully applied to optimize FNB-NLC formulation for the enhancement of the dissolution and bioavailability of FNB, a poorly water-soluble drug.

5.
Sci Total Environ ; 777: 145794, 2021 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33676210

RESUMO

Cobalt oxide and porous carbon materials are desirable catalysts for peroxymonosulfate (PMS) advanced oxidation reaction in the degradation of organic pollutants. Herein, carbon-coated Co3O4 (Co3O4/C) mounted biochar (BC) composites (Co3O4/C-BC) with a three-dimensional spongy-like network were constructed by driving a dual-precursors of zeolitic imidazolate framework (ZIF-67) and Eichhornia crassipes. Considering the unique structures and compositions, the Co3O4/C-BC composites enhanced the dispersion of Co3O4/C nanoparticles, minimized the Co leaching, mediated the size of Co3O4/C nanoparticles, and enhanced the overall catalytic activity. Co3O4/C-BC effectively activated PMS for bisphenol A (BPA) degradation along with satisfactory reusability in advanced oxidation reaction. Electron paramagnetic resonance and radical quenching tests revealed that the generation and effect of sulfate and hydroxyl radicals in reaction process. This work not only provided a promising catalyst for the degradation of organic pollutants but also expanded BPA degradation pathway and PMS activation mechanism.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33660298

RESUMO

Flavonoids are the important secondary metabolites. They are thought to play an important role in plant adaptation to terrestrial environment. However, the downstream branching pathway of flavonoids in bryophytes, which are the most ancient of terrestrial plants, remains unclear. Here, we cloned a flavonoid 3'-hydroxylase gene (PnF3'H) from the Antarctic moss Pohlia nutans and studied its function in plant stress tolerance. The Arabidopsis with overexpressing PnF3'H (AtOE) were constructed. The AtOE plants had more lateral roots and higher activities of antioxidant enzymes than the wild-type plants under oxidative stress. Meanwhile, the gene expression levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavengers (i.e., AtCAT3, AtFeSOD1, and AtCu-ZnSOD3) were upregulated in the AtOE plants, and the transcription levels of ROS producing enzyme genes were significantly downregulated. The AtOE plans showed increased sensitivity to NaCl stress or abscisic acid (ABA) treatment during seed germination and early root development. Furthermore, several stress-resistant genes in the ABA signaling pathway were also downregulated in the AtOE plants when compared with the wild-type plants. These results suggested that PnF3'H participates in regulating the oxidative tolerance and ABA sensitivity to enable P. nutans to adapt to polar environments.

7.
Acupunct Med ; : 964528421995494, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33715459

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bone loss induced by microgravity is a serious problem in space flight. However, the effects of acupuncture stimulation on osteoporosis induced by microgravity have not been studied. With the goal of developing an effective countermeasure, our aim was to evaluate the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) stimulation at BL20, BL23, and SP6 on osteoporosis induced by simulated microgravity in rats. METHODS: Thirty male Wistar rats (aged 10 weeks) were randomly divided into three groups: healthy control group (CON, n = 10), hind limb unloading by tail-suspension group (T-S, n = 10), and EA treatment group (TRE, n = 10). Rats in the T-S and TRE groups were subjected to tail-suspension at -30° for 30 days, while the CON group experienced freedom of activity. In this period, the TRE group received EA treatment at BL20, BL23, and SP6 for 30 min every other day, which continued for 30 days. The microarchitecture of the proximal tibia and the biomechanical features of the femur in the rats were analyzed. In addition, the levels of serum biomarkers bone alkaline phosphatase (BALP) and osteocalcin (BGP) were measured. RESULTS: Compared with the CON group, the value of bone volume/total volume (BV/TV) and trabecular number (Tb.N) of the tibias in the TRE group remarkably decreased (p < 0.01). However, these changes were markedly less than those of the T-S group after 4 weeks of EA treatment (p < 0.05). Moreover, the serum concentration of BGP in the TRE group was also significantly higher than that of the T-S group (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that EA stimulation at BL20, BL23, and SP6 retards osteoporosis induced by hind limb unloading in rats.

8.
PLoS One ; 16(2): e0237620, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33621253

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A combination of ipratropium bromide (IB) and salbutamol is commonly used to treat asthma in children and adolescents; however, there has been a lack of consistency in its usage in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of IB + salbutamol in the treatment of asthma in children and adolescents. METHODS: The MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane Library as well as other Chinese biomedical databases (including China Biological Medicine Database, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chongqing VIP, and Wanfang Chinese language bibliographic database) were systematically searched from the earliest record date to September 2020 for randomized controlled trials in children and adolescents (≤18 years) with asthma who received IB + salbutamol or salbutamol alone. The primary outcomes included hospital admission and adverse events. A random effects model with a 95% confidence interval (CI) was used. Subgroup analysis was performed according to age, severity of asthma, and co-interventions with other asthma controllers. This study was registered with PROSPERO. RESULTS: Of the 1061 studies that were identified, 55 met the inclusion criteria and involved 6396 participants. IB + salbutamol significantly reduced the risk of hospital admission compared with salbutamol alone (risk ratio [RR] 0.79; 95% CI 0.66-0.95; p = 0.01; I2 = 40%). Subgroup analysis only showed significant difference in the risk of hospital admission in participants with severe asthma exacerbation (RR 0.73; 95% CI 0.60-0.88; p = 0.0009; I2 = 4%) and moderate-to-severe exacerbation (RR 0.69; 95% CI 0.50-0.96; p = 0.03; I2 = 3%). There were no significant differences in the risk of adverse events between IB + salbutamol group and salbutamol alone group (RR 1.77; 95% CI 0.63-4.98). CONCLUSION: IB + salbutamol may be more effective than salbutamol alone for the treatment of asthma in children and adolescents, especially in those with severe and moderate to severe asthma exacerbation. The very low to high quality of evidence indicated that future well-designed double-blind RCTs with large sample are needed for research on evaluating the effectiveness of IB + salbutamol treatment for asthma in children and adolescents.

9.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(5): 6043-6052, 2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33525876

RESUMO

DNA methylation is a kind of a crucial epigenetic marker orchestrating gene expression, molecular function, and cellular phenotype. However, manipulating the methylation status of specific genes remains challenging. Here, a clustered regularly interspaced palindromic repeats-Cas9-based near-infrared upconversion-activated DNA methylation editing system (CNAMS) was designed for the optogenetic editing of DNA methylation. The fusion proteins of photosensitive CRY2PHR, the catalytic domain of DNMT3A or TET1, and the fusion proteins for CIBN and catalytically inactive Cas9 (dCas9) were engineered. The CNAMS could control DNA methylation editing in response to blue light, thus allowing methylation editing in a spatiotemporal manner. Furthermore, after combination with upconversion nanoparticles, the spectral sensitivity of DNA methylation editing was extended from the blue light to near-infrared (NIR) light, providing the possibility for remote DNA methylation editing. These results demonstrated a meaningful step forward toward realizing the specific editing of DNA methylation, suggesting the wide utility of our CNAMS for functional studies on epigenetic regulation and potential therapeutic strategies for related diseases.


Assuntos
Proteína 9 Associada à CRISPR/genética , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , Edição de Genes , Técnicas Genéticas , Raios Infravermelhos , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Proteína 9 Associada à CRISPR/metabolismo , Sobrevivência Celular , Células Cultivadas , Metilação de DNA/genética , Feminino , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Neoplasias Experimentais/genética , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Neoplasias Experimentais/terapia , Tamanho da Partícula , Propriedades de Superfície , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/terapia
10.
Chemosphere ; 274: 129722, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33540320

RESUMO

Based on the difficulty of the refractory organic compounds degradation in water by the traditional wastewater treatment methods, the research relies on the technology of the dielectric barrier discharge plasma (DBDP) and the catalysis of the nano WO3, investigating the bisphenol A (BPA) degradation in the synergistic system of DBDP/WO3. The coupled degradation percentage of the BPA under different amounts of WO3 addition, different initial solution pH and carrier gas were investigated to confirm the catalysis of the WO3 in the DBDP system. It was obtained from the experimental results that the optimal additive amount of the WO3 was 175 mg L-1 and change of the solution pH value and the carrier gas variety could not change the catalysis of the WO3. The BPA degradation percentage could reach 100% after treating 30 min in the DBDP/WO3 system with 0.5 L min-1 O2 as the carrier gas. The WO3 still had a better catalysis after four times usage and the discharge had little effect on the microstructure of the WO3. The existence of the WO3 in the DBDP system could result in the reduction of the O3 concentration and the enhancement of the H2O2 concentration, which improve the catalysis of the WO3 in the DBDP system, while the experiments on the scavengers' addition verified the major role of the OH on the BPA degradation. The catalytic mechanism of the WO3 as well as the BPA degradation pathway was also speculated in the research.

11.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(17): 9480-9488, 2021 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33543825

RESUMO

The single-atom enzyme (SAE) is a novel type of nanozyme that exhibits extraordinary catalytic activity. Here, we constructed a PEGylated manganese-based SAE (Mn/PSAE) by coordination of single-atom manganese to nitrogen atoms in hollow zeolitic imidazolate frameworks. Mn/PSAE catalyzes the conversion of cellular H2 O2 to . OH through a Fenton-like reaction; it also promotes the decomposition of H2 O2 to O2 and continuously catalyzes the conversion of O2 to cytotoxic . O2 - via oxidase-like activity. The catalytic activity of Mn/PSAE is more pronounced in the weak acidic tumor environment; therefore, these cascade reactions enable the sufficient generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and effectively kill tumor cells. The prominent photothermal conversion property of the amorphous carbon can be utilized for photothermal therapy. Hence, Mn/PSAE exhibits significant therapeutic efficacy through tumor microenvironment stimulated generation of multiple ROS and photothermal activity.

12.
Arch Oral Biol ; 124: 105066, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33571732

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the effects of intermittent and continuous compressive stress on rat mandibular condyles. DESIGN: Ninety rats were randomly divided into 5 groups: non-loading control groups and 1-day intermittent cyclic loading, 3-day intermittent cyclic loading, 7-day intermittent cyclic loading, continuous loading groups. In the loading groups, compressive mechanical stresses were loaded onto the condyles. The rats were euthanized after one, two, or four weeks. Histomorphometric and immunochemical staining of the cartilage and the micro-CT scanning of subchondral bone were investigated. RESULTS: Under continuous loading following the first week, cartilage thickness, numbers of chondrocytes, extracellular matrix (Type-II collagen) and proliferation decreased significantly, and there was no apparent repair response after the second and fourth weeks. The cartilage of 1-day and 3-day intermittent cyclic loading groups showed similar pathological changes but better proliferative activity compared with the continuous loading group. The 7-day intermittent loading group had significant recovery after 2 weeks, including the increase of cartilage thickness and the number of chondrocytes, cell swelling and rearranging. However, the remodeling of subchondral bone showed no significant difference between the intermittent and continuous loading stress compared to the control group. CONCLUSIONS: Under moderate mechanical stress, the condylar cartilage actively remodeled, whereas the subchondral bone, as supportive rigid structure, was less sensitive to mechanical pressure. The intermittent compressive stress protects the condylar cartilage from excessive damage, which is different from continuous compressive stress. With longer intervals, the cartilage has the potential capability for recovery as the initial state.


Assuntos
Cartilagem Articular , Côndilo Mandibular , Animais , Cartilagem , Cartilagem Articular/diagnóstico por imagem , Condrócitos , Côndilo Mandibular/diagnóstico por imagem , Pressão , Ratos , Estresse Mecânico
13.
Org Biomol Chem ; 19(10): 2269-2276, 2021 03 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33624683

RESUMO

A methanesulfonylation reaction for the synthesis of sulfone-containing tetrasubstituted carbon stereocenters is described for the first time by simple treatment of indanedione-chromanone synthons with Et3N and easily accessible MsCl without any use of organometallic chemistry. This technology gave the corresponding valuable chromone-based 2-methanesulfonylated 1,3-indanediones in good yields (up to 89% yield) under mild conditions. The present work provides an attractive strategy for the construction of biologically interesting sulfone-containing tetrasubstituted carbon stereocenters, which might be valuable in medicinal chemistry.

14.
Int J Oncol ; 58(2): 158-170, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33491748

RESUMO

Serine/glycine biosynthesis and one­carbon metabolism are crucial in sustaining cancer cell survival and rapid proliferation, and of high clinical relevance. Excessive activation of serine/glycine biosynthesis drives tumorigenesis and provides a single carbon unit for one­carbon metabolism. One­carbon metabolism, which is a complex cyclic metabolic network based on the chemical reaction of folate compounds, provides the necessary proteins, nucleic acids, lipids and other biological macromolecules to support tumor growth. Moreover, one­carbon metabolism also maintains the redox homeostasis of the tumor microenvironment and provides substrates for the methylation reaction. The present study reviews the role of key enzymes with tumor­promoting functions and important intermediates that are physiologically relevant to tumorigenesis in serine/glycine/one­carbon metabolism pathways. The related regulatory mechanisms of action of the key enzymes and important intermediates in tumors are also discussed. It is hoped that investigations into these pathways will provide new translational opportunities for human cancer drug development, dietary interventions, and biomarker identification.

15.
Theranostics ; 11(6): 2966-2986, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33456583

RESUMO

Introduction: Serine hydroxymethyltransferase 2 (SHMT2) plays a critical role in serine-glycine metabolism to drive cancer cell proliferation. However, the nonmetabolic function of SHMT2 in tumorigenesis, especially in human colorectal cancer (CRC) progression, remains largely unclear. Methods: SHMT2 expression in human CRC cells was identified by western blot and immunofluorescence assay. The CRC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion after SHMT2 knockdown or overexpression were explored through in vitro and in vivo assays. Immunofluorescence, mRNA-seq, co-immunoprecipitation, chromatin immunoprecipitation-qPCR and immunohistochemistry assays were used to investigate the underlying mechanisms behind the SHMT2 nonmetabolic function. Results: We demonstrated that SHMT2 was distributed in the cytoplasm and nucleus of human CRC cells. SHMT2 knockdown resulted in the significant inhibition of CRC cell proliferation, which was not restored by serine, glycine, or formate supplementation. The invasion and migration of CRC cells were suppressed after SHMT2 knockdown. Mechanistically, SHMT2 interacted with ß-catenin in the cytoplasm. This interaction inhibited the ubiquitylation-mediated degradation of ß-catenin and subsequently modulated the expression of its target genes, leading to the promotion of CRC cell proliferation and metastasis. Notably, the lysine 64 residue on SHMT2 (SHMT2K64) mediated its interaction with ß-catenin. Moreover, transcription factor TCF4 interacted with ß-catenin, which in turn increased SHMT2 expression, forming an SHMT2/ß-catenin positive feedback loop. In vivo xenograft experiments confirmed that SHMT2 promoted the growth and metastasis of CRC cells. Finally, the level of SHMT2 was found to be significantly increased in human CRC tissues. The SHMT2 level was correlated with an increased level of ß-catenin, associated with CRC progression and predicted poor patient survival. Conclusion: Taken together, our findings reveal a novel nonmetabolic function of SHMT2 in which it stabilizes ß-catenin to prevent its ubiquitylation-mediated degradation and provide a potential therapeutic strategy for CRC therapy.

16.
PLoS One ; 16(1): e0245043, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33481799

RESUMO

In this work, we explore the possibility of using a heterogeneous Susceptible- Infected-Susceptible SIS spreading process on an airline network to model airport congestion contagion with the objective to reproduce airport vulnerability. We derive the vulnerability of each airport from the US Airport Network data as the congestion probability of each airport. In order to capture diverse flight features between airports, e.g. frequency and duration, we construct three types of airline networks. The infection rate of each link in the SIS spreading process is proportional to its corresponding weight in the underlying airline network constructed. The recovery rate of each node is also heterogeneous, dependent on its node strength in the underlying airline network, which is the total weight of the links incident to the node. Such heterogeneous recovery rate is motivated by the fact that large airports may recover fast from congestion due to their well-equipped infrastructures. The nodal infection probability in the meta-stable state is used as a prediction of the vulnerability of the corresponding airport. We illustrate that our model could reproduce the distribution of nodal vulnerability and rank the airports in vulnerability evidently better than the SIS model whose recovery rate is homogeneous. The vulnerability is the largest at airports whose strength in the airline network is neither too large nor too small. This phenomenon can be captured by our heterogeneous model, but not the homogeneous model where a node with a larger strength has a higher infection probability. This explains partially the out-performance of the heterogeneous model. This proposed congestion contagion model may shed lights on the development of strategies to identify vulnerable airports and to mitigate global congestion by e.g. congestion reduction at selected airports.

17.
Theranostics ; 11(1): 257-267, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33391473

RESUMO

Rationale: Platinum-based chemotherapy is one of treatment mainstay for patients with advanced lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC) but it is still a "one-size fits all" approach. Here, we aimed to investigate the predictive and monitoring role of circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) profiling for the outcome of first-line chemotherapy in patients with advanced LUSC. Methods: Peripheral blood samples of 155 patients from a phase IV trial and 42 cases from an external real-world cohort were prospectively collected. We generated a copy number variations-based classifier via machine learning algorithm to integrate molecular profiling of cfDNA, named RESPONSE SCORE (RS) to predict the treatment outcome. To monitor the treatment efficacy, cfDNA samples collected at different time points were subjected to an ultra-deep sequencing platform. Results: The results showed that patients with high RS showed substantially higher objective response rate than those with low RS in training set (P < 0.001), validation set (P < 0.001) and real-world cohort (P = 0.019). Furthermore, a significant difference was observed in both progression-free survival (training set, P < 0.001; validation set: P < 0.001; real-world cohort: P = 0.019) and overall survival (training set, P < 0.001; validation set: P = 0.037) between high and low RS group. Notably, variant allele frequency (VAF) calculated from an ultra-deep sequencing platform significantly reduced in patients experienced a complete or partial response after 2 cycles of chemotherapy (P < 0.001), while it significantly increased in these of non-responder (P < 0.001). Moreover, VAF undetectable after 2 cycles of chemotherapy was correlated with markedly better objective response rate (P < 0.001) and progression-free survival (P < 0.001) than those with detectable VAF. Conclusions: These findings indicated that the RS, a circulating cfDNA sequencing-based stratification index, could help to guide first-line chemotherapy in advanced LUSC. The change of VAF is valuable to monitor the treatment response.

18.
J Hazard Mater ; 403: 123673, 2021 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32829229

RESUMO

Pulsed discharge plasma (PDP) induced complex catalysis for synergetic removal of thiamphenicol (TAP) was investigated using graphene-WO3-Fe3O4 nanocomposites. The prepared samples were characterized systematically in view of the structure and morphology, chemical bonding state, optical property, electrochemical property and magnetic property. Based on characterization and TAP degradation, the catalytic performance followed: graphene-WO3-Fe3O4>graphene-WO3>WO3, and the highest removal efficiency and kinetic constant could reached 99.3% and 0.070 min-1, respectively. With increase of catalyst dosage, the removal efficiency firstly enhanced and then declined. Lower pH value was beneficial for TAP degradation. The prepared graphene-WO3-Fe3O4 owed higher stability and lower dissolution rate of iron ion. The rGO-WO3-Fe3O4 could decompose O3 and H2O2 into more ·OH in PDP system. The degradation intermediates were characterized by fluorescence spectrograph, LC-MS and IC. Based on the detected intermediates and discrete Fourier transform (DFT) analysis, degradation pathway of TAP was proposed. Besides, the toxicity of intermediates was predicted. Finally, catalytic degradation mechanism of TAP by PDP with graphene-WO3-Fe3O4 was summarized.

19.
Chemosphere ; 262: 128073, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33182155

RESUMO

Due to the multi-catalysis of the WO3 and excellent properties of the graphene (GO), a series of rGO-WO3 nanocomposites were prepared through the hydrothermal synthesis procedure by changing the material ratio, the reaction temperature and the reaction time in this paper, and then added it into a dielectric barrier discharge plasma (DBDP) system for investigating the bisphenol A (BPA)'s degradation and corresponding catalytic mechanism of the rGO-WO3 in the DBDP system. The obtained results show that there was an optimum dosage of the rGO-WO3 (40 mg/L) as well as the preparation conditions (5:1000 mass ratio of the GO and the WO3, 18 h reaction time and 120 °C reaction temperature) for achieving the highest catalytic effect, and the highest degradation rate constant of the BPA was 0.03129 min-1. The determined higher TOC removal, higher COD removal as well as UV-Vis analysis also demonstrated the catalysis of the rGO-WO3. The measurement of the change of the O3 and the H2O2 concentrations in the reaction system with or without the rGO-WO3 and with or without the BPA proved the catalysis of the rGO-WO3 on the ·OH formation, while the combination of the GO had the positive effect for enhancing the catalytic effect. A figure on the catalysis and degradation procedure of the BPA in the DBDP/rGO-WO3 system was provided in the paper.


Assuntos
Compostos Benzidrílicos/análise , Grafite/química , Nanocompostos/química , Óxidos/química , Fenóis/análise , Tungstênio/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Purificação da Água/métodos , Catálise , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Modelos Teóricos , Oxirredução , Ozônio/química
20.
Chemosphere ; : 129089, 2020 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33261841

RESUMO

Herein, degradation of ofloxacin (OFX) by pulsed discharge plasma (PDP) coupled with multi-catalysis using graphene-Fe3O4 nanocomposites was inspected. The graphene-Fe3O4 nanocomposites were prepared by hydrothermal synthesis, and their morphology, specific surface area, chemical bond structure and magnetic property were characterized systematically. Compared with sole Fe3O4, the specific surface area of graphene-Fe3O4 nanocomposites increased from 26.34 m2/g to 125.04 m2/g. The prepared graphene-Fe3O4 nanocomposites had higher paramagnetism and the magnetic strength reached 66.05 emu/g, which was prone to separate from solution. Graphene-Fe3O4 nanocomposites could further accelerate OFX degradation compared to sole Fe3O4. When graphene content was 18 wt%, graphene-Fe3O4 nanocomposites exhibited the highest catalytic activity, and the removal efficiency of OFX enhanced from 65.0% (PDP alone) to 99.9%. 0.23 g/L dosage and acid solution were beneficial for OFX degradation. Higher stability of graphene-Fe3O4 nanocomposites could be maintained although four times use. Graphene-Fe3O4 nanocomposites could catalyze H2O2 and O3 to produce more ·OH. The degradation products of OFX were identified by liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and ion chromatography (IC). According to the identified products and discrete Fourier transform (DFT), the degradation pathway was inferred. Further toxicity assessment of products manifested that the toxicity of oral rat 50% lethal dose (LD50) and the developmental toxicity of OFX were reduced.

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