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2.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(23)2021 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34885107

RESUMO

Unilateral radiotherapy (RT) as a postoperative treatment for multiple ipsilateral lymph node (LN) metastases remains controversial. We investigated the efficacy of postoperative unilateral RT for buccal mucosa squamous cell carcinoma (BMSCC) with extranodal extensions (ENEs). We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of 186 patients with ENE+ BMSCC who received postoperative RT during 1997-2016. Propensity score matching was used to establish comparable cohorts. The endpoints were contralateral nodal control (CLNC), overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), local control (LC), and regional control (RC). After matching, 123 patients were selected for analysis; 45 (36.6%) and 78 (63.4%) patients underwent unilateral and bilateral RT, respectively. The median follow-up was 36.27 months. The survival outcomes in the unilateral and bilateral RT groups were similar: 3-year CLNC (85.6% vs. 89.1%, p = 0.748), OS (53.2% vs. 57.4%, p = 0.229), DFS (46.5% vs. 48.6%, p = 0.515), DMFS (70.7% vs. 72.0%, p = 0.499), LC (78.0% vs. 75.6%, p = 0.692), and RC (79.9% vs. 76.2%, p = 0.465). On multivariable Cox regression analysis, unilateral and bilateral RT showed comparable outcomes; the number of ENEs ≥ 4 was the only significant prognostic factor for all clinical outcomes. Using decision tree analysis, we classified our patients to have a low, intermediate, or high risk of contralateral failure based on three factors: number of ENEs, margin status, and tumor stage. In conclusion, postoperative unilateral RT did not worsen outcomes in patients with ENE+ BMSCC in this cohort. The decision tree model may assist physicians in optimizing and tailoring radiation fields.

3.
Biomed J ; 2021 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34968771

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To predict the outcome of reirradiation (re-RT) for oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty-three patients met the criterion of having previously irradiated OSCC treated via curative intent re-RT for recurrent or new primary OSCC. The exclusion criteria were a suboptimal dose (<45 Gy) for the first RT and palliative intent for the second irradiation. Re-RT was defined as at least 75% volume at second RT after receiving at least 45 Gy at the first RT. RESULTS: The 2-year locoregional progression-free survival (LRPFS) and overall survival (OS) rates were 20% and 28%. For LRPFS, four predictors were noted through univariate analyses: performance status (PS) (p = 0.001), a dose of at least 60 Gy (p = 0.001), stage IVB (p = 0.020), and surgery before re-RT (p = 0.041). In multivariate analyses, only PS (p = 0.005) and a dose of at least 60 Gy (p = 0.001) remained significant. For OS, PS (p = 0.001) and a dose of at least 60 Gy (p = 0.042) were still independently associated predictors, but surgery before re-RT became marginally beneficial (p=0.053). For patients with a poor PS (ECOG=2-3), the 2-year OS was only 4.5%. Twenty-nine percent of the patients experienced severe late complications (≥Grade 3), and 18% had new episodes of osteoradionecrosis during their follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: We identified PS and a re-RT dose ≥60 Gy as predictors for LRPFS and OS. Surgery before re-RT might improve OS. However, the treatment results of re-RT for OSCC were suboptimal. Prospective trials using modern RT techniques, in combination with new therapeutic drugs or radioenhancers, are warranted for improving these dismal outcomes.

4.
J Pers Med ; 11(11)2021 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34834510

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Decisions regarding the staging, prognosis, and treatment of patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs) are made after determining their p16 expression levels and human papillomavirus (HPV) infection status. METHODS: We investigated the prognostic roles of p16-positive and p16-negative circulating tumor cells (CTCs) and their cell counts in HNSCC patients. We enrolled patients with locally advanced HNSCCs who received definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy for final analysis. We performed CTC testing and p16 expression analysis before chemoradiotherapy. We analyzed the correlation between p16-positive and p16-negative CTCs and HPV genotyping, tissue p16 expression status, response to chemoradiotherapy, disease-free survival, and overall survival. RESULTS: Forty-one patients who fulfilled the study criteria were prospectively enrolled for final analysis. The detection rates of p16-positive (>0 cells/mL blood) and p16-negative (≥3 cells/mL blood) CTCs were 51.2% (n = 21/41) and 70.7%, respectively. The best responses of chemoradiotherapy and the p16 positivity of CTCs are independent prognostic factors of disease progression, with hazard ratios of 1.738 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.031-2.927), 5.497 (95% CI: 1.818-16.615), and 0.176 (95% CI: 0.056-0.554), respectively. The p16 positivity of CTCs was a prognostic factor for cancer death, with a hazard ratio of 0.294 (95% CI: 0.102-0.852). CONCLUSIONS: The p16-positive and p16-negative CTCs could predict outcomes in HNSCC patients receiving definitive chemoradiotherapy. This non-invasive CTC test could help stratify the risk and prognosis before chemoradiotherapy in clinical practice and enable us to perform de-intensifying therapies.

5.
Oral Oncol ; 123: 105593, 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34768211

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The prognosis of pN3b oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OCSCC) remains heterogeneous. We sought to improve the prognostic stratification of patients with pN3b OCSCC through a combined analysis of FDG-PET parameters and clinicopathological risk factors (RFs). METHODS: From 2001 to 2019, complete data on maximum standardized uptake values derived from FDG-PET of neck metastatic nodes (SUV-nodal-max) and clinicopathological RFs were available for 257 patients with pN3b disease. RESULTS: Using the 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) as the outcome of interest, the optimal cutoff points for SUV-nodal-max and lymph node ratio (LNR) were 15.9 and 0.17, respectively. The 5-year DFS rates/(number of cases) for patients with pN3b disease were as follows: SUV-nodal-max < 15.9 versus ≥ 15.9, 49%(226)/21%(31), p = 0.000003; LNR < 0.17 versus ≥ 0.17, 49%(230)/17%(27), p = 0.000117; absence versus presence of neck level IV/V metastases, 49%(230)/15%(27), p = 0.000004. Multivariable analyses revealed that SUV-nodal-max ≥ 15.9, LNR ≥ 0.17, and level IV/V metastases were independent prognosticators for 5-year distant metastases (DM), DFS, disease-specific survival (DSS), and overall survival (OS) rates. Based on these variables, we devised a scoring system that identified three distinct prognostic subgroups at low (score 0, n = 190), intermediate (score 1, n = 51), and high (scores 2-3, n = 16) risk. The 5-year rates of patients with pN3b disease deemed to be at low/intermediate/high risk were as follows: DM, 31%/52%/89%; DFS, 54%/26%/0%; DSS, 59%/36%/8%; OS, 42%/31%/6%, respectively; all p < 0.001. CONCLUSIONS: A scoring system based on SUV-nodal-max, LNR, and level IV/V metastases improves the prognostic stratification of OCSCC patients with pN3b disease.

6.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34668119

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We sought to compare the clinical outcomes of Taiwanese patients with resected oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OCSCC) who underwent reconstruction with free versus local flaps. METHODS: From 2011 to 2017, we examined 8646 patients with first primary OCSCC who received surgery either with or without adjuvant therapy. Of these patients, 7297 and 1349 received free and local flap reconstruction, respectively. Two propensity score-matched groups of patients who underwent free versus local flap (n = 1268 each) reconstructions were examined. Margin status was not included as a propensity score-matched variable. RESULTS: Compared with local flaps, patients who received free flaps had a higher prevalence of the following variables: male sex, age < 65 years, pT3-4, pN1-3, p-Stage III-IV, depth ≥ 10 mm, margin > 4 mm, extranodal extension (ENE), and adjuvant therapy (all p < 0.0001). Multivariable analysis identified the reconstruction method (local vs. free flaps, only overall survival [OS]), age ≥ 65 years, pT3-4, pN1-3, p-Stage III-IV, depth ≥ 10 mm (only OS), margins ≤ 4 mm, and ENE as independent adverse prognosticators for disease-specific survival (DSS) and OS. The results of propensity score-matched analyses revealed that, compared with free flaps, patients who underwent local flap reconstruction showed less favorable 5-year DSS (hazard ratio [HR] 1.26, 82%/77%; p = 0.0100) and OS (HR 1.21, 73%/68%; p = 0.0079). CONCLUSIONS: After adjusting for covariates using multivariate models, and also by propensity score modeling, OCSCC patients who underwent free flap reconstruction showed a higher frequency of clear margins and a significant survival advantage compared with those who received local flaps.

7.
Cancer Med ; 10(23): 8300-8309, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34706159

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal definitive chemotherapy regimen during concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for patients with advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remains unclear because of conflicting evidence. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of taxane-based chemotherapy with that of conventional cisplatin plus 5-fluorouracil (PF) as the chemotherapy regimen in definitive CRT for ESCC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included patients with ESCC who received paclitaxel plus carboplatin (PC) or PF during definitive CRT between May 2012 and February 2015 in a medical center in Taiwan. Survival outcomes were compared after adjustment for risk factors. RESULTS: Overall, 229 patients were evaluated. Patients in the PC group had an objective response rate of 71.1% compared with the 51.4% of the PF group (p = 0.016). The PC group showed a significantly longer progression-free survival (PFS, p = 0.002) and overall survival (OS, p = 0.019) than the PF group. Salvage surgery also helped prolong both the PFS and OS (p < 0001). Sex (male vs. female, HR, 1.831; 95% CI, 1.016-3.303), clinical stage (HR, 1.282; 95% CI, 1.069-1.537), accumulative radiation dose (≥41.4 Gy vs. <41.4 Gy; HR, 0.640; 95% CI, 0.413-0.993), salvage surgery (yes vs. no, HR: 0.412, 95% CI: 0.298-0.570), and regimen (PF vs. PC; HR, 1.514; 95% CI, 1.109-2.067) were independent prognostic factors for cancer mortality. CONCLUSION: Compared with the PF regimen, the PC regimen for definitive CRT yielded significantly increased response rates and longer survival times; therefore, the PC regimen may be preferable for chemotherapy for definitive CRT in patients with advanced ESCC.

8.
Oral Oncol ; 122: 105547, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34700279

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The postoperative outcomes of patients with oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OCSCC) vary greatly. To improve risk stratification, we sought to identify genetic biosignatures by whole-exome sequencing (WES). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrieved patients with OCSCC patients with paired freshly frozen malignant and non-malignant tissue specimens and performed WES by Illumina HiSeq4000 platform. We further applied a tree-based method to analyze copy number variations and obtain signature classification and driver-gene identification. We further confirmed the prognostic impact of the WES biosignature in an external independent validation set. RESULTS: We examined 168 paired samples from patients with surgically treated OCSCC. Similar to the literature, the most commonly mutated genes were TP53 (66%), FAT1 (32%), and NOTCH1 (24%). The signatures 13 (APOBEC Cytidine deaminase [C > G]), 1 (spontaneous deamination of 5-methylcytosine), and 7 (UV exposure) showed the highest concordance rates. Using the MutSigCV, MuSiC, 20/20+, OncodriveFML, e-Driver, OncodriveCLUST, and tree-based methods, we identified a nine-gene OCSCC panel (RYR1, HLA-B, TSHZ2, PCDH17, DNAH17, GRID1, SBNO2, KSR2, and GCN1L1) predicting survival outcomes in our sample. We used the TCGA database to validate the prognostic value of the panel independently. Furthermore, gene-gene covariance analysis confirmed the coexistence of several gene alterations. CONCLUSION: We identified and independently validated a WES biosignature that predicts outcomes in surgically treated OCSCC in Taiwan, a betel-quid-chewing-prevent area. We proposed that the panel might help clinical trial designation for adjuvant therapy based on the risk stratification from the novel gene panel and identify targets for liquid biopsy monitoring during surveillance.

9.
Cancer Med ; 10(19): 6627-6641, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533269

RESUMO

METHODS: We sought to compare the prognostic impact of tumor differentiation with respect to adverse risk factors (RFs) identified by the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines--including extranodal extension (ENE), positive/close margins, perineural invasion, lymphatic invasion, and vascular invasion--in patients with locally advanced oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OCSCC). RESULTS: Between 1996 and 2018, 1179 consecutive patients with first primary pT3-4 OCSCC were included. A three-level grading system was adopted--in which the final classification was assigned according to the most prevalent tumor grade. We identified 382/669/128 patients with well/moderately/poorly differentiated tumors, respectively. Compared with well/moderately differentiated tumors, poorly differentiated OCSCC had a higher prevalence of the following variables: female sex (4%/6%/11%), ENE, (14%/36%/61%), positive margins (0.5%/2%/4%), close margins (10%/14%/22%), perineural invasion (22%/50%/63%), lymphatic invasion (2%/9%/17%), vascular invasion (1%/4%/10%), and adjuvant therapy (64%/80%/87%). The 5-year rates of patients with well/moderately/poorly differentiated OCSCC were as follows: local control (LC, 85%/82%/84%, p = 0.439), neck control (NC, 91%/83%/70%, p < 0.001), distant metastases (DM, 6%/18%/40%, p < 0.001), disease-free survival (DFS, 78%/63%/46%, p < 0.001), disease-specific survival (DSS, 85%/71%/49%, p < 0.001), and overall survival (OS, 68%/55%/39%, p < 0.001). Multivariable analysis identified the following variables as independent prognosticators for 5-year outcomes: ENE (LC/NC/DM/DFS/DSS/OS), poorly differentiated tumors (NC/DM/DFS/DSS/OS), positive margins (LC/DFS), lymphatic invasion (DFS/DSS/OS), perineural invasion (DM), and age ≥65 years (OS). CONCLUSIONS: In addition to ENE, poor tumor differentiation was identified as the second most relevant adverse RF for patients with pT3-4 OCSCC. We suggest that the NCCN guidelines should include poor tumor differentiation as an adverse RF to refine and tailor clinical management.

10.
Cancer Med ; 10(20): 6947-6958, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34558224

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We compared the clinical outcomes of patients with oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OCSCC) with cN+pN0 versus cN0pN0 disease. METHODS: A total of 1309 OCSCC patients with pN0 disease were included. Of them, 1019 and 290 cases had cN0pN0 and cN+pN0 disease, respectively. For comparison purposes, we also examined 799 patients with pN+disease (cN0pN+/cN+pN+, n = 239/560). Subgroup analysis was performed in a propensity score-matched cohort with cN0pN0 and cN+pN0 disease (n = 284 each). RESULTS: Compared with cN0pN0, patients with cN+pN0 had a higher prevalence of the following variables: betel chewing, pT3-4, depth ≥10 mm, perineural invasion, and treatment with surgery and adjuvant therapy. The prognosis of patients with cN+pN0 (mean: 52 nodes) and cN0pN0 (mean: 39 nodes) disease was similar both in the original cohort and after propensity score matching. However, the 5-year outcomes were more favorable for cN+pN0/cN0pN0 compared with cN0pN+/cN+pN+ (local control, 88%/88%/83%/81%; neck control, 94%/93%/82%/76%; distant metastases, 4%/3%/13%/31%; disease-free survival, 84%/83%/68%/52%; disease-specific survival, 92%/92%/77%/57%; overall survival, 81%/82%/59%/42%; all p values <0.001; cN+pN0 versus cN0pN0, all p values >0.05). cN+pN0 disease (vs. cN0pN0) was not significantly associated with local control, neck control, distant metastases, and survivals either in univariable or multivariable analyses. CONCLUSIONS: Despite a higher risk factor burden, the prognosis of patients with cN+pN0 disease did not differ from that of cases with cN0pN0. The higher nodal yield and the more frequent use of adjuvant therapy in cN+pN0 disease may explain the lack of significant differences in terms of neck control compared with cN0pN0 disease.

11.
Nat Med ; 27(9): 1536-1543, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34341578

RESUMO

Gemcitabine-cisplatin (GP) chemotherapy is the standard first-line systemic treatment for recurrent or metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma (RM-NPC). In this international, double-blind, phase 3 trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT03581786), 289 patients with RM-NPC and no previous chemotherapy for recurrent or metastatic disease were randomized (1/1) to receive either toripalimab, a monoclonal antibody against human programmed death-1 (PD-1), or placebo in combination with GP every 3 weeks for up to six cycles, followed by monotherapy with toripalimab or placebo. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS) as assessed by a blinded independent review committee according to RECIST v.1.1. At the prespecified interim PFS analysis, a significant improvement in PFS was detected in the toripalimab arm compared to the placebo arm: median PFS of 11.7 versus 8.0 months, hazard ratio (HR) = 0.52 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.36-0.74), P = 0.0003. An improvement in PFS was observed across key subgroups, including PD-L1 expression. As of 18 February 2021, a 40% reduction in risk of death was observed in the toripalimab arm compared to the placebo arm (HR = 0.603 (95% CI: 0.364-0.997)). The incidence of grade ≥3 adverse events (AEs) (89.0 versus 89.5%), AEs leading to discontinuation of toripalimab/placebo (7.5 versus 4.9%) and fatal AEs (2.7 versus 2.8%) was similar between the two arms; however, immune-related AEs (39.7 versus 18.9%) and grade ≥3 infusion reactions (7.5 versus 0.7%) were more frequent in the toripalimab arm. In conclusion, the addition of toripalimab to GP chemotherapy as a first-line treatment for patients with RM-NPC provided superior PFS compared to GP alone, and with a manageable safety profile.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Antígeno B7-H1/antagonistas & inibidores , Antígeno B7-H1/genética , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Cisplatino/efeitos adversos , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/efeitos adversos , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/imunologia , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/imunologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Progressão
12.
Clin Cancer Res ; 27(23): 6413-6423, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34433653

RESUMO

PURPOSE: No standard treatment exists for platinum-refractory, recurrent/metastatic nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC). This phase II study (NCT02605967) evaluated progression-free survival (PFS) of spartalizumab, an antiprogrammed cell death protein-1 (PD-1) monoclonal antibody, versus chemotherapy, in NPC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with nonkeratinizing recurrent/metastatic NPC who progressed on/after platinum-based chemotherapy were enrolled. Spartalizumab was dosed 400 mg once every 4 weeks, and chemotherapy was received per investigator's choice. RESULTS: Patients were randomized to receive either spartalizumab (82 patients) or chemotherapy (40 patients). The most common spartalizumab treatment-related adverse events were fatigue (10.3%) and pruritus (9.3%). Median PFS in the spartalizumab arm was 1.9 months versus 6.6 months in the chemotherapy arm (P = 0.915). The overall response rate in the spartalizumab arm was 17.1% versus 35.0% in the chemotherapy arm. Median duration of response was 10.2 versus 5.7 months in the spartalizumab versus chemotherapy arms, respectively. Median overall survival was 25.2 and 15.5 months in the spartalizumab and chemotherapy arms, respectively. Tumor RNA sequencing showed a correlation between response to spartalizumab and IFNγ, LAG-3, and TIM-3 gene expression. CONCLUSIONS: Spartalizumab demonstrated a safety profile consistent with other anti-PD-1 antibodies. The primary endpoint of median PFS was not met; however, median overall survival and median duration of response were longer with spartalizumab compared with chemotherapy.

13.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(14)2021 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34298769

RESUMO

(1) Background: We compared the outcomes of patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma treated with IMPT and VMAT. (2) Methods: We performed a retrospective propensity score matching analysis (1:1) of patients treated with IMPT (years: 2016-2018) and VMAT (2014-2018). Survival was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis was used to identify the independent predictors of survival. Binary toxicity endpoint analyses were performed using a Cox model and logistic regression. (3) Results: Eighty patients who received IMPT and VMAT were included. The median follow-up time was 24.1 months in the IMPT group. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were not statistically different between the two groups but potentially better in IMPT group. In multivariate analysis, advanced N-stage and body weight loss (BWL; >7%) during radiotherapy were associated with decreased PFS. The IMPT group had significantly less requirement for nasogastric (NG) tube placement and BWL during treatment. The mean oral cavity dose was the only predictive factor in stepwise regression analysis, and IMPT required a significantly lower mean dose. However, IMPT increased the grade 3 radiation dermatitis. (4) Conclusions: IMPT is associated with reduced rates of NG tube insertion and BWL through reducing oral mean dose, potentially producing better oncologic outcomes.

14.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(12)2021 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34204797

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) involves host genetics, environmental and viral factors. In clinical observations, patients of young and old ages were found to have higher recurrence and metastatic rates. METHODS: Cytokine array was employed to screen druggable target(s). The candidate target(s) were confirmed through patient-derived xenografts (PDXs) and a new EBV-positive cell line, NPC-B13. RESULTS: Overexpression of epithelial growth factor (EGF) and EGF receptor (EGFR) was detected in young patients than in older patients. The growth of NPC PDX tumors and cell lines was inhibited by EGFR inhibitors (EGFRi) cetuximab and afatinib when used separately or in combination with the cell cycle blocker palbociclib. Western blot analysis of these drug-treated PDXs demonstrated that the blockade of the EGF signaling pathway was associated with a decrease in the p-EGFR level and reduction in PDX tumor size. RNA sequencing results of PDX tumors elucidated that cell cycle-related pathways were suppressed in response to drug treatments. High EGFR expression (IHC score ≥ grade 3) was correlated with poor survival in metastatic patients (p = 0.008). CONCLUSIONS: Our results provide encouraging preliminary data related to the combination treatment of EGFRi and palbociclib in patients with NPC.

15.
Oral Oncol ; 119: 105371, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34174527

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: pStage IVB oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OCSCC) is defined as either pT4b or pN3 disease. We sought to devise an improved prognostic stratification of this patient group. METHODS: Between December 2003 and January 2018, we retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of 1331 consecutive patients with OCSCC who received tumor excision and neck dissection. The number of patients with pT4a/pT4b, pT1N3b/pT2N3b/pT3N3b/pT4N3b, and pStage IVA/IVB was 370/83, 3/49/42/142, and 332/295, respectively. RESULTS: The 5-year rates of disease-free survival (DFS) and disease-specific survival (DSS) for patients with pT4a/pT4b disease were 64%/63% (p = 0.973) and 72%/69% (p = 0.672), respectively. The 5-year DFS and DSS rates for patients with pT1N3b/pT2N3b/pT3N3b/pT4N3b disease were 67%/65%/40%/42% (p < 0.001; pT1-2N3b versus pT3-4N3b, p = 0.002) and 100%/68%/45%/49% (p < 0.001; pT1-2N3b versus pT3-4N3b, p = 0.002), respectively. We devised a new definition for pStage IV by considering patients with pT4bN0-2 and pT1-2N3b diseases as pStage-IVA. The number of patients with pStage IVA/IVB (pT3-4N3b) was 443/184. The 5-year rates of AJCC pStage IVA/IVB and the newly proposed pStage IVA/IVB (pT3-4N3b) were as follows: DFS, 74%/52% and 72%/42%; DSS, 83%/58% and 81%/47%; respectively, all p value < 0.001. CONCLUSIONS: The clinical outcomes of pT4b and pT4a OCSCC are similar. However, patients with pT3-4N3b disease have a less favorable 5-year prognosis compared with cases with pT1-2N3b. In light of the unfavorable outcomes, pT3-4N3b disease should continue to be classified as pStage IVB. Conversely, pT4bN0-2 and pT1-2N3b diseases portend a less adverse prognosis and should therefore be downstaged to pStage IVA.

16.
J Pers Med ; 11(5)2021 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34070222

RESUMO

Head and neck cancer was closely related with habitual use of cigarette and alcohol. Those cancer patients are susceptible to develop multiple primary tumors (MPTs). In this study, we utilized the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) array (Affymetrix Axion Genome-Wide TWB 2.0 Array Plate) to investigate patients' risks of developing multiple primary cancers. We recruited 712 male head and neck cancer patients between Mar 1996 and Feb 2017. Two hundred and eighty-six patients (40.2%) had MPTs and 426 (59.8%) had single cancer. Four hundred and twelve normal controls were also recruited. A list of seventeen factors was extracted and ten factors were demonstrated to increase the risks of multiple primary cancers (alcohol drinking, rs118169127, rs149089400, rs76367287, rs61401220, rs141057871, rs7129229, older age, rs3760265, rs9554264; all were p value < 0.05). Polygenic scoring model was built and the area under curve to predict the risk developing MPTs is 0.906. Alcohol drinking, among the seventeen factors, was the most important risk factor to develop MPT in upper aerodigestive tract (OR: 7.071, 95% C.I.: 2.134-23.434). For those with high score in polygenic model, routine screening of upper digestive tract including laryngoscope and esophagoscope is suggested to detect new primaries early.

17.
Clin Cancer Res ; 27(14): 3948-3959, 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33947697

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Accurate prognostic stratification of patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) is crucial. We developed an objective and robust deep learning-based fully-automated tool called the DeepPET-OPSCC biomarker for predicting overall survival (OS) in OPSCC using [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-PET imaging. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: The DeepPET-OPSCC prediction model was built and tested internally on a discovery cohort (n = 268) by integrating five convolutional neural network models for volumetric segmentation and ten models for OS prognostication. Two external test cohorts were enrolled-the first based on the Cancer Imaging Archive (TCIA) database (n = 353) and the second being a clinical deployment cohort (n = 31)-to assess the DeepPET-OPSCC performance and goodness of fit. RESULTS: After adjustment for potential confounders, DeepPET-OPSCC was found to be an independent predictor of OS in both discovery and TCIA test cohorts [HR = 2.07; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.31-3.28 and HR = 2.39; 95% CI, 1.38-4.16; both P = 0.002]. The tool also revealed good predictive performance, with a c-index of 0.707 (95% CI, 0.658-0.757) in the discovery cohort, 0.689 (95% CI, 0.621-0.757) in the TCIA test cohort, and 0.787 (95% CI, 0.675-0.899) in the clinical deployment test cohort; the average time taken was 2 minutes for calculation per exam. The integrated nomogram of DeepPET-OPSCC and clinical risk factors significantly outperformed the clinical model [AUC at 5 years: 0.801 (95% CI, 0.727-0.874) vs. 0.749 (95% CI, 0.649-0.842); P = 0.031] in the TCIA test cohort. CONCLUSIONS: DeepPET-OPSCC achieved an accurate OS prediction in patients with OPSCC and enabled an objective, unbiased, and rapid assessment for OPSCC prognostication.

18.
Oral Oncol ; 118: 105334, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34020150

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This large-scale cohort study was designed to compare the clinical outcomes of Taiwanese patients with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the upper versus lower gum. METHODS: Between 2004 and 2017, we identified 4244 patients with first primary SCC of the gum (694 upper gum; 3550 lower gum) who were treated with surgery either with or without adjuvant therapy. Of them, 1990 patients (329 upper gum; 1661 lower gum) enrolled from 2011 to 2017 had a higher number of histopathological variables and entered subgroup analyses. Five-year disease-specific survival (DSS) and overall survival (OS) rates served as outcome measures. RESULTS: The 5-year DSS and OS rates of patients with upper gum SCC were lower than those of cases with lower gum SCC (65%/74%, p < 0.0001; and 55%/65%, respectively, p < 0.0001). Compared with lower gum SCC, upper gum SCC had a higher prevalence of the following variables: female sex, age ≥ 65 years, pNx (without neck dissection), no-betel chewing (2011-2017), no-smoking (2011-2017), and margin status ≤ 4 mm (positive and close margins, 2011-2017). On multivariable analysis, gum subsite (upper versus lower), age (≥65 versus < 65 years), pT (T3 - 4 versus T1 - 2), pN (N1 - 3 versus N0/Nx), depth (≥10 mm versus < 10 mm, 2011-2017), ENE (present versus absent, 2011-2017), and margins (≤4 mm versus > 4 mm 2011-2017, only DSS) were identified as independent adverse prognostic factors for 5-year DSS and OS. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to lower gum SCC, upper gum SCC had less favorable 5-year outcomes. Wide resection margins are recommended to improve prognosis of upper gum SCC.

19.
Radiother Oncol ; 156: 217-222, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33385465

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of radiologic extranodal extension (rENE) in patients with hypopharyngeal cancer (HPC) treated with primary chemoradiation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cancer registry data were reviewed from 2005 to 2014. Inclusion criteria included HPC, clinical N1-3 disease (AJCC staging system, 7th edition), and receiving radiotherapy. Patients with M1 diseaseor with synchronous/metachronous cancer were excluded. Staging images were reviewed by two radiologists. rENE was defined as infiltration of adjacent fat/muscles, irregular nodal surface, or irregular capsular enhancement. Clinical stage, rENE status, and clinical outcome were analyzed. RESULTS: Overall, 355 patients were included. Patients with rENE had lower 3-year overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) rates. Univariate analysis showed that clinical T4 or N3 stage, overall stage IV, and rENE correlated with OS and RFS. In multivariate analysis, clinical T4 or N3 stage correlated with poor OS, while clinical T4 or N3 stage and rENE were independent predictors of poor RFS. N1/2 without rENE was designated as Group 1, N1/2 with rENE as Group 2, and N3 with/without rENE as Group 3. The 3-year RFS rates in Groups 1, 2, and 3 were 55.8%, 41.0%, and 29.3%, respectively. The 3-year RFS rate in Group 1 was significantly higher than that in the other two groups. CONCLUSIONS: rENE is an adverse prognostic factor for survival in patients with HPC treated with primary chemoradiation. It correlated with inferior RFS regardless of N stage. rENE may be used as a criterion for clinical ENE in future staging systems.


Assuntos
Extensão Extranodal , Neoplasias Hipofaríngeas , Quimiorradioterapia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hipofaríngeas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hipofaríngeas/terapia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
20.
Support Care Cancer ; 29(3): 1509-1518, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32710174

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: No gold standard of nutritional assessment is established among patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) receiving concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT). This study aimed to evaluate the clinical significance of pre-treatment nutritional status using the Mini Nutritional Assessment-short form (MNA-SF) among HNC patients receiving CCRT. METHODS: A total of 461 consecutive patients with newly diagnosed HNC treated with definitive CCRT at three medical institutes were prospectively enrolled. Nutritional status was assessed using MNA-SF within 7 days before CCRT initiation. Patients were classified as having normal nutrition, at risk of malnutrition, and malnourished groups according to MNA-SF for comparison. RESULTS: The 1-year overall survival rates were 89.8%, 76.8%, and 67.7% in the normal nutrition, at risk of malnutrition, and malnourished groups, respectively. Patients with normal nutrition had significantly lower rates of uncompleted radiotherapy and chemotherapy (4.5% and 4.1%, respectively) compared with patients at risk for malnutrition (14.1% and 11.5%, respectively) and those malnourished (11.1% and 11.1%, respectively). Patients with normal nutrition had significantly lower treatment-related complication rates regarding emergency room visits, hospital admission, and need for tubal feeding than those with at risk of malnutrition and malnourished. Patients with normal nutrition had significantly fewer severe hematologic toxicities (p = 0.044) and severe non-hematologic toxicities (p = 0.012) of CCRT than those malnourished. CONCLUSION: Pre-CCRT nutritional status identifies HNC patients vulnerable to treatment interruption and treatment complications. We suggest that nutritional assessment with MNA-SF should be incorporated in pre-CCRT evaluation for all HNC patients.


Assuntos
Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/dietoterapia , Avaliação Nutricional , Estado Nutricional/fisiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
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