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1.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 55(1): 21-28, 2020 Jan 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32074769

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinical efficacy and pregnancy outcomes of fertility- preserving re-treatment in patients with recurrent atypical endometrial hyperplasia (AEH) and early stage endometrial carcinoma (EEC) after achieved complete remission (CR) of primary fertility-preserving therapy. Methods: There were 104 cases of AEH and EEC collected from 9 hospitals in the multi-center research network platform of fertility-preserving therapy of endometrial carcinoma in China from January 2005 to May 2019. Thirth-one cases of them relapsed from four hospitals mentioned above,who achieved CR after primary fertility-preserving therapy,was analyzed retrospectively. Of the 31 cases, 27 cases chose fertility-preserving re-treatment. The demographic characteristics, re-treatment effect, clinical factors and pregnancy outcomes were observed. Results: (1) There were 16 AEH cases and 11 ECC cases among 27 recurrent patients who chose fertility-preserving therapy again. After re-treatment, CR was found in 13 out of 16 cases of AEH and 9 out of 11 cases of EEC. The overall CR rate was 81% (22/27). (2) After CR of recurrence, 5 cases (23%, 5/22) of re-recurrence were found after with a median time of 33 months (range 21-80 months). There were 4 cases underwent comprehensive surgical staging, and 1 patient chose the third round of fertility preservation therapy with fully informed consent, and CR was reached after 15 months. (3) There were 16 cases with pregnancy intention, with a total of 12 pregnancies, including 5 cases were natural pregnancy and 7 cases were assisted reproductive technology pregnancy. There were 5 live births. The follow-up time was up to May 2019, and the median follow-up time was 73 months (range 0-123 months). All 27 patients had disease free survival. Conclusions: Recurrent patients with AEH and EEC after achieving successful fertility-preserving therapy could choose fertility-preserving therapy again with comprehensive assessment and fully informed consent. After re-treatment, there is a certain tumor CR rate and pregnancy rate, while the close follow-up is required during treatment.

2.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 47-53, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914569

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the health literacy and relevant factors of cancer prevention consciousness in Chinese urban residents from 2015 to 2017. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 16 provinces covered by the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China from 2015 to 2017. A total of 32 257 local residents aged ≥18 years old who could understand the investigation procedure were included in the study by using the cluster sampling method and convenient sampling method. All local residents were categorized into four groups, which contained 15 524 community residents, 8 016 cancer risk assessment/screening population, 2 289 cancer patients and 6 428 occupational population, respectively. The self-designed questionnaire was used to collect the information of demographic characteristics and cancer prevention consciousness focusing on nine common risk factors, including smoking, alcohol, fiber food, food in hot temperature or pickled food, chewing betel nut, helicobacter pylori, moldy food, hepatitis B infection, estrogen, and exercise. The logistic regression model was adopted to identify the influencing factors. Results: The overall health literacy of the cancer prevention consciousness was 77.4% (24 980 participants), with 77.4% (12 018 participants), 79.9% (6 406 participants), 77.2% (1 766 participants) and 74.5% (4 709 participants) in each group (P<0.001). The correct response rates for nine risk factors ranged from 55.2% to 93.0%. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that compared with community residents, people with primary school level education or below, and the number of people living together in the family <3, the cancer risk assessment/screening intervention population, cancer patients, those with junior high school level educationor above and the number of people living in the family ≥3 had better health literacy of the cancer prevention consciousness (all P values <0.05). Compared with females, 39 years old and below, government-affiliated institutions or civil servants, from the eastern region, males, older than 40 years, company or enterprise employees, and from the middle or western region had worse health literacy of the cancer prevention consciousness (all P values <0.05). Conclusion: The health literacy of the cancer prevention consciousness in Chinese urban residents should be improved. The cancer screening intervention, gender, age, education, occupation, the number of people co-living in the family, and residential region were associated with the health literacy of the cancer prevention consciousness.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Alfabetização em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias/prevenção & controle , População Urbana , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Socioeconômicos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
3.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 54-61, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914570

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the consciousness of the cancer early detection among urban residents and identify the influencing factors from 2015 to 2017. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 16 provinces covered by the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China from 2015 to 2017. A total of 32 257 local residents aged ≥18 years old who could understand the investigation procedure were included in the study by using the cluster sampling method and convenient sampling method. All local residents were categorized into four groups, which contained 15 524 community residents, 8 016 cancer risk assessment/screening population, 2 289 cancer patients and 6 428 occupational population, respectively. Self-designed questionnaires were used to collect population, socioeconomic indicators, self-cancer risk assessment, regular participation in physical examination and other information. The multivariate logistic regression model was used to identify the factors of people who had not regularly participated in the regular physical examination in the past five years. Results: The self-assessment results of 32 357 residents showed that there were 27.54% (8 882) of total study population with self-reported cancer risk, 45.48% (14 671) without cancer risk and 26.98% (8 704) with unclear judgement on their own cancer risk. Among population with cancer risk, 79.84% (7 091) considered physical examination accounted. In the past five years, there were 21 105 (65.43%) residents participated in regular physical examination and 11 148 (34.56%) participated in non-scheduled one, respectively. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that compared with unmarried and western region residents, divorced, middle and eastern region residents had a stronger consciousness to participate in the regular physical examination (P<0.05). Compare with residents with annual household income less than 20 000 CNY in 2014, cancer risk assessment/screening intervention population, and self-assessment with cancer risk, residents with annual household income between 20 000 CNY and 59 000 CNY in 2014, occupational population, community residents, cancer patients, self-reported cancer-free risk, and self-assessment with unclear judgement of cancer risk were less likely to participate in the regular physical examination (all P values <0.05). Conclusion: From 2015 to 2017, the Chinese urban residents had a acceptable consciousness of the cancer early detection. The marital status, annual household income, population group and self-assessment of cancer risk were related to the consciousness of the cancer early detection of people who had not participated in the regular physical examination in the past five years.


Assuntos
Detecção Precoce de Câncer/psicologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , População Urbana , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
4.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 62-68, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914571

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the consciousness of the cancer early diagnosis among urban residents and identify the related factors from 2015 to 2017. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 16 provinces covered by the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China from 2015 to 2017. A total of 32 257 local residents aged ≥18 years old who could understand the investigation procedure were included in the study by using the cluster sampling method and convenient sampling method. All local residents were categorized into four groups, which contained 15 524 community residents, 8 016 cancer risk assessment/screening population, 2 289 cancer patients and 6 428 occupational population, respectively. The general demographic characteristics, the consciousness of the cancer early diagnosis (whether people would have a willingness or encourage their relatives/friends to confirm the abnormal results once which were detected from the physical examination) and other information were collected by using the self-designed questionnaire. The non-conditional logistic regression model was used to identify the relateol factors related to the consciousness of the cancer early diagnosis. Results: As for residents with abnormal result from the physical examination, 89.29% (28 802) of residents would choose to seek medical treatment for further diagnosis. If their relatives/friends had abnormal results from the physical examination, 89.55% (28 886) of residents would encourage their relatives/friends to confirm the diagnosis in time. The non-conditional logistic regression model analysis showed that compared with the public institution staff/civil servants, annual household income less than 20 000 CNY, the western region and the cancer risk assessment/screening intervention population, the company staff, annual household income about 40 000 CNY and more, and the residents from the middle and eastern region had a stronger consciousness to seek further diagnosis; while the unemployed residents and community residents were less likely to seek further diagnosis (P<0.05). Conclusions: From 2015 to 2017, the Chinese urban residents had a good consciousness of the cancer early diagnosis. Occupation, annual household income, residential region and population group were related to the consciousness of the cancer early diagnosis.


Assuntos
Detecção Precoce de Câncer/psicologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , População Urbana , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
5.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 69-75, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914572

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the consciousness of the cancer early treatment and its demographic and socioeconomic factors. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 16 provinces covered by the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China (CanSPUC) from 2015 to 2017. A total of 32 257 local residents aged ≥18 years old who could understand the investigation procedure were included in the study by using the cluster sampling method and convenient sampling method. All local residents were categorized into four groups, which contained 15 524 community residents, 8 016 cancer risk assessment/screening population, 2 289 cancer patients and 6 428 occupational population, respectively. The questionnaire collected personal information, the consciousness of the cancer early treatment and relevant factors. The Chi square test was used to compare the difference between the consciousness of the cancer early treatment and relevant factors among the four groups. The logistic regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors related to the consciousness of the cancer early treatment. Results: With the assumption of being diagnosed as precancer or cancer, 89.97% of community residents, 91.84% of cancer risk assessment/screening population, 93.00% of cancer patients and 91.52% of occupational population would accept active treatments (P<0.001). If the immediate family members were diagnosed as precancer or cancer, people who would encourage their family members to receive early treatment in the four groups accounted for 91.96%, 91.94%, 92.44% and 91.55%, respectively (P<0.001). The company employees, annual household income with 40 000 yuan and more and other three groups had a relatively better consciousness of the cancer early treatment (P<0.05). Male, widowed, unemployed and from the central and western regions had a relatively worse consciousness of the cancer early treatment (P<0.05). Conclusion: Residents in urban China participants had a good consciousness of the cancer early treatment. The marital status, occupation, annual household income and residential regions were major factors related to the consciousness of the cancer early treatment.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Neoplasias/terapia , Tempo para o Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , População Urbana , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Socioeconômicos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
6.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 76-83, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914573

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment among urban residents of China, and explore the related factors. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 16 provinces covered by the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China (CanSPUC) from 2015 to 2017. A total of 32 257 local residents aged ≥18 years old who could understand the investigation procedure were included in the study by using the cluster sampling method and convenient sampling method. All local residents were categorized into four groups, which contained 15 524 community residents, 8 016 cancer risk assessment/screening population, 2 289 cancer patients and 6 428 occupational population, respectively. The health literacy of the cancer prevention, early discovery, early diagnosis, early treatment and the demands of cancer prevention and treatment knowledge was analyzed. The level of health literacy among different groups were calculated and compared. The binary logistic regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors of the health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment. Results: The level of health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment was 56.97% among all study population; in each group it was 55.01% for community residents, 59.08% for cancer risk assessment/screening population, 61.99% for cancer patients and 57.31% for occupational population, respectively (P<0.001). The level of health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment of residents aged 50 to 69 years old, other occupational groups, unmarried, the central and western region residents and the group with unclear self-assessment of cancer risk was significantly lower than that of residents younger than 40 years old, personnel of public institutions/civil servants, married, the eastern region residents and the group whose self-assessment without cancer risk (P<0.05) . The level of health literacy of cancer prevention and treatment of females, people who went to high school or over, cancer risk assessment/screening population, cancer patients and occupational population was significantly higher than that of males, people who had an education level of primary school or below and community residents (P<0.05) . Conclusion: The health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment of urban residents in China was relatively high, but there was still room for improvement. Gender, age, educational level, occupation, region, marital status, self-assessment of cancer risk, and type of respondents were the key influencing factors of the health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment. Male, 50-69 years old, lower educational level, central and western regions, unclear cancer risk self-assessment, and without specific environmental exposure to cancer prevention and treatment knowledge or related risk factors were the characteristics of the key intervention group of the health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment.


Assuntos
Alfabetização em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias/prevenção & controle , População Urbana , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Socioeconômicos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
7.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 84-91, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914574

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the demand and access to the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge and related factors among urban residents in China from 2015 to 2017. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 16 provinces covered by the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China from 2015 to 2017. A total of 32 257 local residents aged ≥18 years old who could understand the investigation procedure were included in the study by using the cluster sampling method and convenient sampling method. All local residents were categorized into four groups, which contained 15 524 community residents, 8 016 cancer risk assessment/screening population, 2 289 cancer patients and 6 428 occupational population, respectively. The self-designed questionnaire was used to collect the information of general demographic characteristics, the demand and access to cancer prevention and treatment knowledge, and the influencing factors of the attitude. The Chi-square test was used to analyze the difference of the demand of the cancer prevention knowledge among different groups and the corresponding factors of the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge were analyzed by using the logistic regression model. Results: The proportion of residents who need the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge was 79.5%. The demand rate of the inducement, symptom and diagnosis methods of cancer in the occupational population was highest, about 66.8%, 71.0% and 20.8%, respectively. The demand rate of treatment methods and cost in current cancer patients was the highest, about the 45.9% and 21.9%, respectively. The top three sources to acquire the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge were "broadcast or television" (69.5%), "books, newspapers, posters or brochures" (44.7%) and "family and friends" (33.8%). The multivariate analysis showed that compared with public institution personnel/civil servants, unmarried/cohabiting/divorced/widowed and others, annual household income less than 20 000 CNY, from the eastern region, people without cancer diagnosis and people with self-assessment of cancer risk, the demand rate of cancer prevention and treatment knowledge was higher in enterprise personnel/workers, married, annual household income between 60 000 CNY and 150 000 CNY, from the central region, people with cancer and people with unclear cancer risk (all P values <0.05). Conclusion: There was a high demand for the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge among urban residents in China from 2015 to 2017. The main access to the knowledge is from the radio or television. The occupation, marital status, annual household income, residential region, health status and risk of disease were the main factors of the demand of the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias/prevenção & controle , População Urbana , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
8.
Public Health ; 178: 97-104, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648067

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of pediatric first-aid training methods on caregivers' and teachers' knowledge retention. STUDY DESIGN: This was a randomized longitudinal cohort study. METHODS: A stratified random sampling method was used to select 1282 caregivers and teachers with the help of local education authorities in 18 districts and 1 county of Shanghai, China. The selected caregivers and teachers were randomly allocated into groups that were exposed to 3 models of training, including an interactive training model (group A), lecture-based training model (group B), and video instruction training model (group C), for pediatric first-aid training for caregivers and teachers (PedFACTs). Before and after the training, a descriptive questionnaire composed of demographic information and 37 simple-choice questions about first aid was administered. During the follow-up, 120 caregivers and teachers from each of the three methods were randomized and retested 9 months after their training and 120 caregivers and teachers were randomly reselected in each of the three methods and retested 4 years after their training. RESULTS: Immediately after training, there was a significant difference in the postassessment results between groups A and B (P = 0.002) as well as between groups A and C (P < 0.001). The average interactive training model score was the highest, followed by the instruction training model and video instruction training model. There was no significant difference among the three groups in the reassessment scores at 9 months and 4 years after training (P = 0.744, P = 0.595). The difference in passing the assessment among the three groups at 9 months or 4 years after training was not maintained at a significant level. CONCLUSION: The three training methods did not affect knowledge retention of the caregivers and teachers at nine months or four years after training completion. Video instruction may be an effective, convenient, and feasible method to train caregivers and teachers.

9.
J Hazard Mater ; : 121743, 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31836372

RESUMO

Surface acoustic wave (SAW)-based formaldehyde gas sensor using bi-layer nanofilms of bacterial cellulose (BC) and polyethyleneimine (PEI) was developed on an ST-cut quartz substrate using sol-gel and spin coating processes. BC nanofilms significantly improve the sensitivity of PEI films to formaldehyde gas, and reduces response and recovery times. The BC films have superfine filamentary and fibrous network structures, which provide a large number of attachment sites for the PEI particles. Measurement results obtained using in situ diffuse reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy showed that the primary amino groups of PEI strongly adsorb formaldehyde molecules through nucleophilic reactions, thus resulting in a negative frequency shift of the SAW sensor due to the mass loading effect. In addition, experimental results showed that the frequency shifts of the SAW devices are determined by thickness of PEI film, concentration of formaldehyde and relative humidity. The PEI/BC sensor coated with three layers of PEI as the sensing layer showed the optimal sensing performance, which had a frequency shift of 35.6 kHz for 10 ppm formaldehyde gas, measured at room temperature and 30 % RH. The sensor also showed good selectivity and stability, with a low limit of detection down to 100 ppb.

10.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(23): 10541-10548, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31841210

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the influence of butorphanol on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats through the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The I/R model in Sprague-Dawley rats was established. The rats were randomly divided into normal group (n=20), myocardial I/R model group (model group, n=20), and butorphanol treatment group (treatment group, n=20). Next, the liver function indicators such as alkaline phosphatase (ALP), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and the myocardial function index creatine kinase (CK) in rats were detected. ELISA was carried out to measure the relative levels of tumor necrosis factor-gamma (TNF-γ), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and IL-1α in serum samples of rats. The cardiac function indexes were examined via magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and echocardiography (ECG). Besides, the pathological changes of the myocardial tissues were detected through hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blotting were performed to measure the mRNA and protein expression levels of the relative genes in the MAPK signaling pathway in the rat myocardial tissues. RESULTS: The serum levels of ALP, ALT, and CK in I/R model group were significantly higher than those in the normal group. In I/R model group, the relative levels of TNF-γ, IL-6, and IL-1α, as well as left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDd) and left ventricular end-systolic diameter (LVESd), were remarkably higher, while the fractional shortening (FS, %) and the ejection fraction (EF, %) were lower in comparison with those in the normal group. The HE staining results showed that the myocardial tissues in the I/R model group exhibited severe injury. The expression levels of Caspase3, MAPK, and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) were clearly higher in the I/R model group than those in the treatment group (p<0.05), while the expression level of extracellular regulated protein kinase 1 (ERK1) was remarkably lower (p<0.05). The protein level of MAPK in the treatment group was overtly reduced compared with that in the I/R model group (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Butorphanol can modulate the recovery of the myocardial injury in the rats after the myocardial I/R by inhibiting the MAPK signaling pathway.

11.
Clin Transl Oncol ; 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31748958

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is a kind of cancer with heterogeneous biological characteristics, which is affected by a complex network of gene interactions. Identification of molecular biomarkers paves the way for individualized therapy based on gene expression profiles, which can overcome the heterogeneity of ESCC. METHODS: In this study, GSE20347, GSE23400 and GSE45670 datasets were retrieved from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, and the overlapping differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in three datasets were screened. Then the overlapping DEGs function was annotated by Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway-enrichment analysis. The prognostic value of the top five KEGG pathway-related genes were further validated in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. After extensive statistical analysis, four genes (CDC25B, CXCL8, FZD6 and MCM4) were identified as potential prognostic markers. Among the four candidate genes, the prognostic value of FZD6 in ESCC patients has not been evaluated. Therefore, we finally used immunohistochemistry method to evaluate the effect of FZD6 on the prognosis of patients with ESCC. Additionally, we detected the expression level of FZD6 in ESCC cell line and normal esophageal epithelial cell line, and observed the cell viability of ESCC cell line after FZD6 knockdown. RESULTS: The results showed that the overexpression of FZD6 predicted poor overall survival (OS) (P = 0.005) and progression-free survival (PFS) (P = 0.004) in ESCC patients. COX regression analysis showed that N stage (P = 0.026) and FZD6 expression level (P = 0.001) were independent prognostic factors of OS for ESCC patients. Furthermore, compared with normal esophageal epithelial cell line, the up-regulation of FZD6 was detected in ESCC cell line. Knockdown of FZD6 could significantly inhibit the proliferation of ESCC cells (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: CDC25B, CXCL8, FZD6 and MCM4 were screened as candidate genes for prognosis assessment of patients with ESCC. The prognostic role of FZD6 in ESCC patients was confirmed in current study.

12.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 54(11): 751-755, 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31752458

RESUMO

Objective: To study and analyze the incidence of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) in women who underwent cesarean section. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted. The clinical data of the women who underwent regular antepartum examination and cesarean delivery in Peking University People's Hospital from January 2019 to June 2019 were collected, including the cervical dilatation. The incidence of POP was analyzed. Results: (1) A total of 345 women met the inclusion criteria, with cervical dilatation of 0-10 cm before cesarean section, the cervix was not dilatated in 58.6% (202/345) of the women, and the cervix was fully dilatated in 2.9% (10/345) of the women. There were 109 cases of POP stage Ⅰ or above, 13 cases of POP stage Ⅱ, and no stage Ⅲ or Ⅳ. The incidence of POP was 31.6% (109/345). (2) Statistical analysis showed that the cervical dilatation of the POP group was significantly larger than that of the non-prolapse group (median: 1.0 vs 0 cm;Z=-2.227, P=0.026). The risk of POP of vaginal trial-birth transfer to cesarean section was higher than that of elective cesarean section [42.4% (36/85) vs 28.1% (73/260), P=0.014]. However, the further analysis of Spearman correlation between cervical dilatation, elective cesarean section and POP, as well as the receiver operating characteristic curve showed that the correlation and prediction value were poor. Conclusion: Elective cesarean section has a certain protective effect on postpartum prolapse, but the protective effect of vaginal trial-birth transfer to cesarean section on pelvic floor is weakened.


Assuntos
Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Parto Obstétrico/efeitos adversos , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/etiologia , Período Pós-Parto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/epidemiologia , Gravidez
13.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 57(11): 844-851, 2019 Nov 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31665838

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the clinical and genetic characteristics of children with mitochondrial epilepsy. Methods: Clinical data of 62 children who were clinically and genetically diagnosed with mitochondrial epilepsy by the Department of Neurology, Beijing Children's Hospital from October 2011 to December 2018 were analyzed retrospectively, and the control of epilepsy was followed up. T test or χ(2) test were used to analyze the related factors affecting the prognosis of epilepsy between the effective group and the ineffective group. Results: Of the 62 patients, 33 were male and 29 were female. The age of onset was 3.38 (0-12.00) years; for the type of seizures, 68% (42/62) of the patients had focal seizures, generalized or secondary generalized tonic-clonic seizures were seen in 32% (20/62), myoclonic seizures in 23% (14/62), spastic seizures in 7 cases, tonic seizures in 4 cases, absence seizure, atonic seizure and clonic seizure in 1 case each; 16 cases (26%) had status epilepticus, of whom 6 cases had epilepsia partialis continua; 52% (32/62) had 2 or more types of seizures. The clinical phenotypes were mitochondrial encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) in 29 cases, Leigh syndrome (LS) in 11 cases, combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency in 6 cases, myoclonus epilepsy with ragged-red fibers in 5 cases, Alpers syndrome in 4 cases, pontocerebellar hypoplasia type 6 and mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome 9 in 2 cases each, mitochondrial complex Ⅰ deficiency nuclear type 20, progressive cavitating leukoencephalopathy, and biotinidase deficiency in 1 case each. Of the 62 cases, 40 cases (65%) had mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variations, of which 26 cases had m.3243A>G variants, 6 cases had m.8344A>G variants, and 3 cases had m.8993T>G/C variants, m.3271T>C, m.3481G>A, m.3946G>A, m.13094T>C, m.14487T>C variant was in 1 case each; nuclear DNA (nDNA) variations were identified in 22 cases (35%), of which 7 cases carrying variations in mitochondrial ammonia acyl tRNA synthetase coding gene, mutations in POLG and the gene encoding complex Ⅰ were in 4 cases each, variations in SUCLG1 and SDHA genes were in 2 cases each, and variations in PDHA1, BTD and TRIT1 genes were in 1 case each. Forty-three patients were followed up, and the follow-up time was 20 (3-84) months. According to the follow-up results, the anti-epilepsy treatment was effective in 19 cases (44%) and ineffective in other 24 cases (56%). The onset age of the effective group was 3.42 (0-11.50) years and that of the ineffective group was 0.92 (0-9.50) years. The onset duration of the effective group was 0 (0-7.00) years and that of the ineffective group was 0 (0-4.83) years. There was no significant difference between the effective group and the ineffective group (t=1.662, 0.860; P=0.104, 0.395). In the effective group and the ineffective group, 12 cases and 9 cases used less than 2 kinds of antiepileptic drugs, 7 cases and 15 cases used more than or equal to 2 kinds of antiepileptic drugs, 13 and 15 cases had first epilepsy, 6 and 9 cases had non-first epilepsy, 14 and 11 cases had mtDNA variation, 5 and 13 cases had nDNA variation, respectively. There was no significant difference between the two groups (χ(2)=2.794, 0.164, 3.380; P=0.095, 0.686, 0.066). Conclusions: The types of seizures with mitochondrial epilepsy in children varied, with focal motor seizures being the most common, followed by generalized or secondary generalized tonic-clonic seizures. Most children have more than two types of seizures. MELAS is the most common clinical phenotype, followed by LS; mtDNA variation is the dominant gene variation, of which m.3243A>G variation is the most common hotspot variation, followed by gene variation encoding mitochondrial aminoacyl tRNA synthase.


Assuntos
Epilepsia/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Doenças Mitocondriais/diagnóstico por imagem , Anticonvulsivantes/uso terapêutico , Criança , Epilepsia/tratamento farmacológico , Epilepsia/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças Mitocondriais/genética , Fenótipo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Convulsões
15.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(20): 8751-8760, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696461

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The functions of lncRNAs have been verified to be important biomarkers and regulators for diagnosis and treatment of human diseases. In osteosarcoma (OS), emerging evidence determined that lncRNA was associated with cell progression. However, due to the high incidence and recurrence rate of osteosarcoma, it is important to find an effective treatment for osteosarcoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: QRT-PCR was used to detect the expression of ADPGK-AS1 and miR-542-3p in tissues and cells. Western blot was applied to measure the protein expression of CDK4, Cyclin D1, Bcl-2, Bax, Cleaved caspase-3, MMP-2, and MMP-9. MTT assay and flow cytometry were used to measure cell proliferation and apoptosis. Cell invasion and migration were determined using the transwell assay. Moreover, luciferase reporter assay was used to ensure the relation between ADPGK-AS1 and miR-542-3p. RESULTS: LncRNA ADPGK-AS1 expression was induced while miR-542-3p expression was reduced in OS tissues and cells. Functional experiments showed that inhibition of ADPGK-AS1 could decrease cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, as well as promoted cell apoptosis in OS cells. Also, miR-542-3p has been verified to be a target miRNA of ADPGK-AS1 and miR-542-3p could reverse the effects of ADPGK-AS1 on cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion in OS cells. CONCLUSIONS: ADPGK-AS1 affected cell proliferation, invasion, migration, and apoptosis via targeting miR-542-3p in OS, providing a theoretical basis and a new therapeutic target for the diagnosis and treatment of OS.

16.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(11): 1098-1103, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683394

RESUMO

Objective: To describe the status of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) use in areas with a high incidence of upper gastrointestinal cancer in China. Methods: This study was based on the National Key Research and Development Program of "National Precision Medicine Cohort of Esophageal Cancer" and "Study on Identification and Prevention of High-risk Populations of Gastrointestinal Malignancies (Esophageal cancer, Gastric cancer and Colorectal cancer)" . From January 2017 to August 2018, 212 villages or communities with a high incidence of esophageal cancer or gastric cancer were selected from 12 regions in 6 provinces. A total of 35 910 residents aged between 40 and 69 years old who met the inclusion criteria and signed the informed consent were investigated and enrolled in this study. The use of NSAIDs, demographic characteristics, health-related habits, height, weight, and blood pressure were collected by the questionnaire and physical examination. The status of main NSAIDs (aspirin, acetaminophen and ibuprofen) use with the difference varying in genders, age groups and regions were analyzed by using χ(2) test and Cochran-Armitage trend analysis method. Results: Of 35 910 subjects, the mean age was (54.6±7.1) years old and males accounted for 43.42% (15 591). The overall prevalence of NSAIDs intake was 4.56% (1 638), but it significantly varied in different provinces (P<0.001). The overall prevalence of NSAIDs intake was 4.87% (1 750) in females, which was significantly higher than that in males 4.24% (1 524) (P<0.001). The prevalence of NSAIDs intake increased with age (P for trend <0.001). As the frequency of NSAIDs intake increased, the incidence of gastrointestinal symptoms, gastrointestinal ulcers and black stools increased (P for trend <0.05 for all). Conclusion: The use of NSAIDs is prevalent in some areas with a high incidence of upper gastrointestinal cancer in China. The increased use of NSAIDs may lead to more adverse effects related to the gastrointestinal tract.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/efeitos adversos , Anticarcinógenos/efeitos adversos , Aspirina/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/epidemiologia , Ibuprofeno/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Anticarcinógenos/farmacologia , Aspirina/farmacologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/induzido quimicamente , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/etnologia , Humanos , Ibuprofeno/farmacologia , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(11): 1104-1109, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683395

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the related factors of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and precancerous lesions among residents aged 40-69 years old in rural areas of Shandong Province. Methods: In October 2018, 300 villages in 13 counties of the Shandong upper gastrointestinal cancerearly diagnosis and treatment projectin 2017 were selected as research areas, and 30 400 residents aged 40-69 were recruited in this study. The demographic characteristics, health status and lifestyle information were collected through the questionnaire survey, and endoscope iodine staining and indicative biopsy methods were used for cancer screening among eligible people.The multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the risk factors for esophageal cancer and precancerous lesions. Results: The subjects in this study were (56.42±7.24) years old, including 13 193 males (43.40%).There were 936 cases of esophageal cancer and precancerous lesions (3.08%), including 521 males and 415 females.Compared with women, 40-49 years old, high level education, drinking tap water, regular intake of meat, eggs and milk, and family average annual income more than 30 000 RMB, men (OR=1.90, 95%CI: 1.65-2.19), 60-69 years old (OR=5.28, 95%CI: 4.11-7.30), primary school education or below (OR=1.50, 95%CI: 1.20-1.89), drinking groundwater (OR=1.71, 95%CI: 1.38-2.13), never eating meat, eggs and milk (OR=1.48, 95%CI: 1.22-1.80), and family average annual income less than 30 000 RMB (OR=1.41, 95%CI: 1.16-1.70) would increase the risk of esophageal cancer and precancerous lesions. Conclusion: The gender, age, educational level, annual household income, drinking water source, the frequency of eating meat, egg and milk were related to the occurrence of esophageal cancer and precancerous lesions among 40-69 years old residents in rural areas of Shandong Province.


Assuntos
Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/patologia , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/patologia , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Biópsia , China/epidemiologia , Endoscopia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/epidemiologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
19.
Iran J Vet Res ; 20(3): 199-203, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31656525

RESUMO

Background: Streptococcus agalactiae is the main causal pathogen of bovine mastitis (BM), causing considerable economic loss to the dairy industry worldwide. Vaccines against S . agalactiae play an important role in preventing disease. Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate the immunoprotection of S. agalactiae pilus island fusion proteins, ancillary protein 1-ancillary protein 2 (AP1-AP2), ancillary protein 1-bone protein (AP1-BP), bone protein-ancillary protein 2 (BP-AP2), and ancillary protein 1-bone protein-ancillary protein 2 (AP1-BP-AP2) in Balb/c mice. Methods: Four kinds of fusion antigens and the same volume of Freund's complete adjuvant were mixed vigorously to prepare fusion antigen immuno-samples. The mice were immunized 4 times (on the 0th, 7th, 14th, and 28th days) with these samples with an immunizing dose of 50 g/mouse. After the 4th immunization, serology tests were used to evaluate the antibody. The antibody titre produced by AP1-BP-AP2 fusion antigen was the highest, at up to 1:25600. The mice were then injected with 0.5 ml of 2 × 104 CFU/ml clinically isolated S. agalactiae at day 50 and observed daily for the following 7 days. Results: Statistical analyses showed that these 4 kinds of fusion antigens had good protective immunity. Among them, AP1-BP-AP2 fusion antigen had the best protective immunity in Balb/c mice, with an immune protection index (PI) of 80%. Conclusion: This research provides a reliable theoretical basis for screening candidate antigens of the subunit vaccine and detecting antigen preparations of S. agalactiae.

20.
Osteoarthritis Cartilage ; 27(12): 1811-1821, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31536815

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of Mg2+ on the expression of osteoarthritic markers in human cartilage and synovium tissue explants. To investigate the therapeutic effect of intra-articular injection of Mg2+ in an established rat OA (Osteoarthritis) model of anterior cruciate ligament transection with partial medial meniscectomy (ACLT + PMM). DESIGN: Human cartilage and synovium explants were collected from total knee replacement surgeries and incubated with MgCl2 (20 mmol/L) in vitro. A rat OA model was established by ACLT + PMM surgery in 450-500 g male Sprague Dawley (SD) rats. To select the optimal dose, intra-articular injections of MgCl2 (0.05, 0.5, 5 mol/L) were performed at 4 weeks after the surgery every 3 days for 2 weeks. The effect of optimized MgCl2 was further determined by histology, immunohistochemistry, and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: The expressions of osteoarthritic markers in human cartilage and synovium explants were inhibited by Mg2+in vitro. Immunohistochemical analysis further suggested the inhibitory effects of Mg2+ on the expression of MMP-13 and IL-6 in the human tissue explants. Cartilage degeneration and synovitis in ACLT + PMM rats were significantly improved by intra-articular injections of Mg2+ (0.5 mol/L). Immunohistochemical analysis also showed the regulatory effects of Mg2+ on osteoarthritic markers in both cartilage and synovium in rats, consistent with in vitro results. CONCLUSION: Intra-articular injections of Mg2+ at 0.5 mol/L attenuate the progression of OA in the ACLT + PMM rat model. Such effect was at least in part explained by the promotion of cartilage matrix synthesis and the suppression of synovial inflammation.

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