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1.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(9): 866-872, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496534

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the related mechanisms of biological root resorption in decidual teeth by studying the biological effect of simulated occlusal force on the periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSC) at different stages of root absorption. Methods: According to the tooth type and root absorption degree, healthy retained deciduous incisors and healthy first premolars that needed to be removed for orthodontic treatment were collected and divided into three groups with six teeth in each group: the deciduous unabsorbed group (UN group), the absorbed group (R group) and the permanent teeth group (P group). PDLSC was isolated from periodontal ligament and cultured. PDLSC of three groups were loaded with dynamic pressure of 0-45, 0-90, 0-135, 0-180, 0-225 and 0-270 kPa, respectively. The proliferation ability was detected by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) technique on day 1 to day 7, respectively. The apoptosis levels of PDLSC after loading with dynamic pressure of 0-45, 0-90, 0-135, 0-180 and 0-225 kPa were observed by the flow cytometry. The changes of microfilaments were observed by fibrous actin (F-actin) staining after the cytokeleton was subjected to dynamic pressure of 0-90 kPa. Results: PDLSC of three groups exhibited various proliferation abilities to dynamic pressure. The A values in the UN group and R group were significantly higher than those in the P group and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference between the UN group and the R group (P>0.05). The A values of PDLSC in UN group and R group under dynamic pressures of 0-45, 0-90, 0-135 and 0-180 kPa had no statistical significance compared with the control group unloading dynamic pressure (P>0.05). However, under 0-225 and 0-270 kPa dynamic pressures, the A values at the day 3 to day 7 were statistically significant (P<0.05). The A values of PDLSC in P group under 0-45, 0-90, 0-135, 0-180 and 0-225 kPa dynamic pressures for 1 to 7 days were no statistically significant difference compared with the control group (P>0.05). The A value in P group under the 0-270 kPa was statistically significant only on day 3 (1.386±0.131) and day 5 to day 7 (1.728±0.226, 2.029±0.168 and 2.263±0.210, respectively)(P<0.05). The result of apoptosis showed that the A values of PDLSC in UN group, R group and P group were significantly increased under 0-90, 0-135, 0-180 kPa and above dynamic pressures, respectively (P<0.05) compared with the control group unloading dynamic pressure. Under 0-90 kPa dynamic pressure, F-actin fluorescence staining samples in three groups all showed green filaments which were arranged along the long axis of the cells in the R group and the P group, while some fibers in the UN group were closely arranged and promoted stress fiber assembly. Conclusions: The biological characteristics of PDLSC at different root absorption stages were changed when they were stimulated by mechanical stress, and PDLSC of the deciduous teeth at the root unabsorption stage were more sensitive to mechanical stress stimulation.


Assuntos
Força de Mordida , Ligamento Periodontal , Diferenciação Celular , Células-Tronco , Dente Decíduo
3.
Neurologia ; 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511274

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of endovascular embolization of posterior communicating artery (Pcom) aneurysms on concomitant oculomotor nerve palsy (OMNP) and factors affecting the effect of treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with the Pcom aneurysms concomitant with OMNP were retrospectively enrolled for endovascular treatment of the aneurysms. All patients had the endovascular management. The clinical effect, degree of OMNP, size of the aneurysm, type of treatment, subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), and time from onset to treatment were analyzed on the resolution of OMNP. RESULTS: Ninety-six patients with 99 Pcom aneurysms were enrolled and treated endovascularly, with the success rate of 100%. Immediately after endovascular treatment, 75 aneurysms (75.75%) got complete occlusion, and 24 (24.24%) nearly complete occlusion. Followed up for 3-18 (mean 8.52±0.56) months, complete resolution of the OMNP was achieved in 63 patients (65.63%), partial resolution in 21 (21.88%), and non-recovery in the other 12 (12.50%). The degree of OMNP at onset, SAH, and time from onset to treatment were significantly (P<0.05) correlated with the resolution of OMNP. Univariate analysis revealed that younger age of the patient, degree of OMNP at onset, presence of subarachnoid hemorrhage, and time from disease onset to treatment were significantly (P<0.05) associated with the recovery of OMNP. Multivariate analysis revealed that the younger age, degree of OMNP at onset, and time from disease onset to treatment were significantly (P<0.05) associated with the recovery of OMNP. CONCLUSION: Endovascular embolization of Pcom aneurysms concomitant with OMNP can effectively improve the OMNP symptoms, especially for patients with moderate and a shorter history of OMNP. Younger age, degree of oculomotor nerve palsy at onset, and time from onset to treatment may significantly affect recovery of oculomotor nerve palsy.

4.
Br J Surg ; 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467970

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a lack of information regarding the provision of parental leave for surgical careers. This survey study aims to evaluate the experience of maternity/paternity leave and views on work-life balance globally. METHODS: A 55-item online survey in 24 languages was distributed via social media as per CHERRIES guideline from February to March 2020. It explored parental leave entitlements, attitude towards leave taking, financial impact, time spent with children and compatibility of parenthood with surgical career. RESULTS: Of the 1393 (male : female, 514 : 829) respondents from 65 countries, there were 479 medical students, 349 surgical trainees and 513 consultants. Consultants had less than the recommended duration of maternity leave (43.8 versus 29.1 per cent), no paid maternity (8.3 versus 3.2 per cent) or paternity leave (19.3 versus 11.0 per cent) compared with trainees. Females were less likely to have children than males (36.8 versus 45.6 per cent, P = 0.010) and were more often told surgery is incompatible with parenthood (80.2 versus 59.5 per cent, P < 0.001). Males spent less than 20 per cent of their salary on childcare and fewer than 30 hours/week with their children. More than half (59.2 per cent) of medical students did not believe a surgical career allowed work-life balance. CONCLUSION: Surgeons across the globe had inadequate parental leave. Significant gender disparity was seen in multiple aspects.

5.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(9): 912-919, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530600

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of neuregulin-1(NRG-1) on cardiac glucose metabolism in Sprague Dawley (SD) rats with experimental myocardial infarction (MI). Methods: Adult male SD rats were randomly divided into three groups: the sham-operated group, MI group, and MI+NRG1 group. The rat MI model was established via ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery. Two weeks after operation, echocardiography was performed, MI rats with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) between 0.3-0.5 were selected and randomly assigned to MI group and MI+NRG-1 group. Rats in MI+NRG-1 group were treated with recombinant human NRG-1ß (100 µg/kg) via tail vein at 2 weeks after operation (twice per week for 6 weeks); while rats in sham-operated group and MI group received equal volume of physiological saline. By the end of administration, echocardiography and small animal positron emission tomography (PET) were performed to detect cardiac function and myocardial glucose uptake. Myocardial morphology and collagen volume fraction, cardiomyocyte apoptosis and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production were evaluated by histopathologic analysis. Myocardial pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) and citrate synthase (CS) activity, as well as ATP production were detected by commercial kits. The mRNA and protein expression levels of NRG-1, p-ErbB4, and key factors involved in glucose metabolism (including Glut-4, HK2, PDK4, PDH, CS) were detected by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blot assay, respectively. Results: With the MI model successfully established, the left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF) and left ventricular shortening fraction(LVFS) were significantly lower in MI group and MI+NRG-1 group than that in sham group (both P<0.01), while there was no significant difference between MI group and MI+NRG-1 group(all P>0.05). After 6 weeks of NRG-1ß intervention, the LVEF and LVFS were significantly higher in MI+NRG-1 group than in MI group (both P<0.01). By the end of experiment, PET imaging showed that the mean standardized uptake value (SUVmean) were lower in MI+NRG-1 group than in the sham group (4.06±0.28 vs. 5.18±0.37, P<0.01), while significantly higher than that in MI group (4.06±0.28 vs.2.86±0.49, P<0.01). Histopathological analysis showed that compared with MI group, rats in MI+NRG-1 group exhibited significantly decreased left ventricle collagen volume fraction ((7.83±1.24) % vs. (18.31±3.58) %, P<0.01), cardiomyocyte apoptosis((37.98±4.26)% vs. (67.04±5.38)%, P<0.01), and DHE fluorescence intensity(0.057 28±0.007 06 vs. 0.076 94±0.008 46, P<0.01), indicating that NRG-1ß could reduce ROS production. PDH activity, CS activity, and ATP production were significantly higher in MI+NRG-1 group than in MI group (all P<0.05). qRT-PCR demonstrated an upregulated Glut-4, HK2 and CS, but downregulated PDK4 mRNA expression in MI+NRG-1 group compared with MI group (all P<0.01). Western blot assay showed significantly higher protein expression of NRG-1, p-ErbB4, Glut-4, HK2, PDH, CS in MI+NRG-1 group than in MI group (all P<0.01). Conclusion: NRG-1 could improve glucose uptake and utilization in myocardium by activating phosphorylation of myocardial ErbB4 receptor in MI rats, thus providing a therapeutic option for improving energy metabolism after MI.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Neuregulina-1 , Animais , Glucose , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Miocárdio , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda
6.
J Diabetes Res ; 2021: 5581349, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34485532

RESUMO

Objectives: Previous studies reported that overweight older adults had a lower mortality after cardiovascular diseases attack, indicating being thinner might not always be better. However, there is an ongoing debate about what is the optimal range of body mass index (BMI) for the aged population. We aimed to evaluate the value of BMI for the prediction of incident diabetes mellitus (DM) in the Chinese elderly population. Methods: A total number of 6,911 Chinese elderly people (4,110 men and 2,801 women, aged 71 ± 6.0 years) were included in this cohort study. BMI was measured at baseline (Jan 1, 2014, to Dec 31, 2014). All the participants were further classified into six groups: <18.5 kg/m2, 18.5 to <22.5 kg/m2, 22.5 to <25.0 kg/m2, 25.0 to <27.5 kg/m2, 27.5 to <30.0 kg/m2, and ≥30.0 kg/m2. Fasting blood glucose (FBG) and glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) were annually measured during follow-up (Jan 1, 2015-May 31, 2019). DM was confirmed if either FBG ≥ 7.0 mmol/L or HbA1c ≥ 6.5%. We used the Cox proportional hazard regression model to evaluate the association between BMI and the prediction of incident DM. Results: Comparing individuals with a BMI range of 18.5 to <22.5 kg/m2 (reference), the hazard ratio for incident DM was 2.13 (95% CI: 1.54~2.95), 2.14 (95% CI: 1.53~3.00), 3.17 (95% CI: 2.19~4.59), 3.15 (95% CI: 1.94~5.09), and 3.14 (95% CI: 1.94~5.09) for the group with a BMI range of 22.5 to <25.0 kg/m2, 25.0 to <27.5 kg/m2, 27.5 to <30.0 kg/m2, and ≥30.0 kg/m2 after adjusting for baseline age, sex, blood pressure, lipid profiles, and eGFR (P trend < 0.001), after adjusting for the abovementioned confounders. The association tended to be closer in men and young participants, compared with their counterparts. Conclusions: High BMI was associated with a high risk of developing DM in the Chinese aged population. Thus, it is optimal for the aged population to maintain their body weight within a reasonable range to prevent chronic diseases.

8.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488262

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the changes and significance of autophagy in acute lung injury (ALI) induced by gas explosion in rats. Methods: In February 2018, the gas explosion in underground coal mine was simulated by large tunnel explosion experiment system, SD rats were randomly divided into control group and 6 distance groups (40 m, 80 m, 120 m, 160 m, 200 m, 240 m) with 18 rats in each group. The respiratory function of rats 24 h before and after explosion was detected. Post-explosion rats were anesthetized and sacrificed, histopathological changes of lung were observed by HE staining. Immunohistochemistry was performed to detect the in situ expression of autophagy marker protein microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3B) . The expression levels of autophagy related gene 12 (Atg12) , LC3B, P62, lysosomal associated membrane protein 2 (Lamp2) , B-cell lymphoma/leukemia-2 (Bcl-2) and Bcl2 interaction protein (Beclin-1) were detected by Western blot. Results: After gas explosion, the rats in 80 m distance point group had the hightest mortality (n=13, 72.22%) and the most severe lung injury degree, and the histopathological scores was (4.00±0.00) point. After gas explosion, the minute ventilation volume (MVb) , maximum inspiratory flow rate (PIFb) and maximum expiratory flow rate (PEFb) of rats were lower than before the gas explosion (P<0.05) . The respiratory frequency of rats in 80 m, 200 m, and 240 m distance point groups were significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.05) . The expression levels of LC3B in 40 m, 80 m, 120 m, 160 m, and 200 m distance point groups were higher than that in the control group (P<0.05) . The relative expression levels of Atg12 and LC3BⅡ/Ⅰ in lung tissues of rats in different distance point groups were higher than those in the control group (P<0.05) . The relative expression levels of Beclin1 in 40 m, 80 m, 120 m, and 160 m distance point groups were significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.05) . The relative expression levels of P62 in 80 m, 160 m and 200 m distance point groups were lower than that in the control group (P<0.05) . The relative expression levels of Lamp2 and Bcl-2 in lung tissues of rats in all distance groups except 240 m distance group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05) . Conclusion: Gas explosion could induce increased autophagy in lung tissues of ALI rats. Autophagy-related signaling pathway could be involved in the pathophysiological process of ALI in rats caused by gas explosion, then the autophagy and the severity of the lesion showed a significant positive correlation.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda , Explosões , Animais , Autofagia , Pulmão , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
10.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(4): 396-400, 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505447

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the genetic polymorphisms of Plasmodium falciparum multidrug resistance protein 1 (PfMDR1), chloroquine resistance transporter (PfCRT) and Kelch 13 (PfK13) genes in Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea, so as to provide insights into the development of the malaria control strategy in local areas. METHODS: A total of 85 peripheral blood samples were collected from patients with Plasmodium falciparum infections in Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea in 2018 and 2019, and genomic DNA was extracted. The PfMDR1, PfCRT and PfK13 genes were amplified using a nested PCR assay. The amplification products were sequenced, and the gene sequences were aligned. RESULTS: There were no mutations associated with artemisinin resistance in PfK13 gene in Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea, while drug-resistant mutations were detected in PfMDR1 and PfCRT genes, and the proportions of PfMDR1_N86Y, PfMDR1_Y184F and PfCRT_K76T mutations were 35.29% (30/85), 72.94% (62/85) and 24.71% (21/85), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: There are mutations in PfMDR1, PfCRT and PfK13 genes in P. falciparum isolates from Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea.


Assuntos
Antimaláricos , Malária Falciparum , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Antimaláricos/farmacologia , Antimaláricos/uso terapêutico , Resistência a Medicamentos/genética , Guiné Equatorial/epidemiologia , Humanos , Malária Falciparum/tratamento farmacológico , Plasmodium falciparum/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Proteínas de Protozoários/genética
11.
Am J Infect Control ; 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481923

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are a significant economic burden and cause of avoidable morbidity and mortality within healthcare systems. The contribution of environmental contamination to HAI transmission has been recognized, but the mechanisms by which transmission occurs are still being investigated. The objective of this study was to characterize the microbial communities of disinfected, non-critical healthcare surfaces using next generation sequencing technology. METHODS: Composite environmental surface samples were from high-touch surfaces in rooms of patients isolated for infections with multidrug-resistant organisms during their hospitalization. Information on the disinfectant product used and cleaning type (routine or terminal) was collected. 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing and analysis were performed. Community analysis was conducted to determine the bacterial composition and compare the detection of target pathogens by culture from 94 Contact Precaution rooms. RESULTS: Overall percent agreement between culture and sequence methods ranged from 52% to 88%. A significant difference was observed in bacterial composition between rooms cleaned with bleach and those cleaned with a quaternary ammonium compound (QAC) for composite 2 (overbed table, intravenous pole, and inner room door handle) (ANOSIM R2 = 0.66, p = 0.005) but not composite 1 (bed rails, television remote control unit, call buttons, and telephone). CONCLUSIONS: Surfaces in bleach-cleaned rooms contained a higher proportion of gram-positive microbiota, whereas rooms cleaned with QAC contained a higher proportion of gram-negative microbiota, suggesting disinfectant products may impact the healthcare environment microbiome.

12.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(16): 5072, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34486680

RESUMO

The article "Ceramide accumulation accelerates nucleus pulposus cells degradation by p38MAPK activation, by W.-J. Wu, J. Wang, J. Liang, Q. Zhou, Y. Liang, published in Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2020; 24 (19): 9787-9796-DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202010_23187-PMID: 33090381" has been withdrawn from the authors due to inaccuracies (there are some errors and incorrect data). The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. https://www.europeanreview.org/article/23187.

13.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 56(9): 598-608, 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34547860

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics and perinatal outcomes of pregnancy with placental cystic lesions. Methods: A retrospective study was carried out on 48 pregnant women diagnosed as pregnancy complicated with placental cystic lesions from January 2000 to January 2020 at the Women's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine. The clinical features, pathological diagnosis and perinatal outcome were analyzed. Results: The age of 48 cases was (30±5) years, and the diagnostic gestational week of ultrasound was (24±8) weeks. Twenty-five cases in which showed a cystic mass at the fetal surface were diagnosed as placental cyst. The live birth rate was 100% (25/25) and the premature birth rate was 20% (5/25). Twenty-three cases showed "honeycomb like" cystic echo. Cystic lesions of 10 cases were located in the uterine cavity connected with the margin of the normal placenta, and finally diagnosed as hydatidiform mole and coexisting fetus (HMCF). Six cases of HMCF terminated pregnancy, and the live birth rate was 4/10, the premature delivery rate was 2/4. Cystic lesions of 13 cases were located in the placenta substance, and finally diagnosed as 4 cases of placental mesenchymal dysplasia (PMD) and 9 cases of focal chorionic edema; the live birth rate was 6/13 and the premature delivery rate was 4/6. The median hCG was lower in focal chorionic edema group [80 kU/L (60-110 kU/L)] than in the groups of HMCF [240 kU/L (180-430 kU/L)] and PMD [360 kU/L (210-700 kU/L)], and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.01). Conclusions: For pregnancy complicated with placental cystic lesions, prenatal ultrasound should be performed to evaluate the shape, location and blood flow of the lesions. Maternal serological examination and invasive prenatal diagnosis are helpful for prenatal diagnosis and treatment. Due to the difference of perinatal outcomes, maternal and fetal complications, individualized pregnancy management should be carried out.

14.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 56(9): 616-621, 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34547862

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the present situation of unintended pregnancy within two years postpartum and its influencing factors in China. Methods: Participants who delivered a live birth at 60 hospitals in 15 provinces in the eastern, central and western regions of China during July 2015 to June 2016 were interviewed by using structured questionnaire. Information on occurrence of unintended pregnancy within 2 years after delivery, postpartum contraceptive use, sexual resumption, breastfeeding, and women's socio-demographic characteristics, and so on, were collected. Life-table analysis, cluster log-rank tests and a 2-level Cox regression model were used for data analysis. Results: A total of 18 045 postpartum women were investigated. The cumulative 1- and 2-year unintended pregnancy rates after delivery were 5.3% (95%CI: 4.5%-6.1%) and 13.1% (95%CI: 11.3%-14.8%), respectively. Cox regression model analysis showed that the risk of unintended pregnancy within 2 years postpartum were increased in younger women, ethnic minorities, women with abortion history, and those who had a vaginal delivery with short lactation time and late postpartum contraceptive initiation (all P<0.01). The risk of postpartum unintended pregnancy was not associated with geographic regions and hospitals where women gave a birth (all P>0.05). Conclusions: In China, the risk of unintended pregnancy within 2 years after delivery is relatively high. Service institutions and service providers should improve the quality of postpartum family planning services, promote the use of high effect contraceptive methods, and educate women to use a method at the time of their sexual resumption or even before.

15.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 42(8): 646-653, 2021 Aug 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34547870

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the prognostic significance of clonal gene mutations using next-generation sequencing in patients with core-binding factor acute myeloid leukemia (CBF-AML) who achieved first complete remission after induction chemotherapy. Methods: The study, which was conducted from July 2011 to August 2017 in First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, comprised 195 newly diagnosed patients with CBF-AML, including 190 patients who achieved first complete remission after induction chemotherapy. The cohort included 134 patients with RUNX1-RUNXIT1(+) AML and 56 patients with CBFß-MYH11(+) AML. The cohort age ranged from 15 to 64 years, with a median follow-up of 43.6 months. Overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were assessed by the log-rank test, and the Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to determine the effects of clinical factors and genetic mutations on prognosis. Results: The most common genetic mutations were in KIT (47.6% ) , followed by NRAS (20.0% ) , FLT3 (18.4% ) , ASXL2 (14.3% ) , KRAS (10.7% ) , and ASXL1 (9.7% ) . The most common mutations involved genes affecting tyrosine kinase signaling (76.4% ) , followed by chromatin modifiers (29.7% ) . Among the patients receiving intensive consolidation therapy, the OS tended to be better in patients with CBFß-MYH11(+) AML than in those with RUNX1-RUNXIT1 (+) AML (P=0.062) . Gene mutations related to chromatin modification, which were detected only in patients with RUNX1-RUNXIT1(+) AML, did not affect DFS (P=0.557) . The patients with mutations in genes regulating chromatin conformation who received allo-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) achieved the best prognosis. Multivariate analysis identified KIT exon 17 mutations as an independent predictor of inferior DFS in patients with RUNX1-RUNXIT1(+) AML (P<0.001) , and allo-HSCT significantly prolonged DFS in these patients (P=0.010) . Conclusions: KIT exon 17 mutations might indicate poor prognosis in patients with RUNX1-RUNXIT1(+) AML. Allo-HSCT may improve prognosis in these patients, whereas allo-HSCT might also improve prognosis in patients with mutations in genes related to chromatin modifications.

16.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365772

RESUMO

Non-steady state noise has become the main type of workplace noise. Compared with steady state noise, non-steady state noise may cause more serious hearing loss. This paper reviews the new situation of occupational hearing loss caused by non-steady state noise exposure, the overview of international noise exposure assessment standards and new challenges, and the new evidence of non-steady state noise induced hearing loss, so as to provide the basis for the future research of non-steady state noise induced hearing loss.


Assuntos
Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído , Ruído Ocupacional , Doenças Profissionais , Limiar Auditivo , Humanos , Ruído , Ruído Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia
17.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(7): 679-684, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371539

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the real-world effectiveness and safety of sofosbuvir-based regimen for patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 6 infection in Hainan Island. Methods: Fifty-three cases with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 6 infection who were initially treated with a sofosbuvir (SOF)-based regimen [sofosbuvir/velpatasvir (SOF/VEL) for 12 weeks or sofosbuvir combined with ribavirin (SOF+RBV) for 24 weeks], followed by 24 weeks of follow-up after discontinuation of the drug from January 2018 to March 2020 were selected. The primary outcome measures were incidence of sustained virological response at 12 weeks (SVR12) after the drug withdrawal. The secondary outcome measures were adverse drug events with sustained virological response at the end of treatment and 24 weeks after the end of treatment. The occurrence of adverse events was observed during the treatment. An intragroup comparison was performed by t-test. Intention-to-treat and modified intention-to-treat analysis was used for sustained virological respons. Results: The subtype distribution of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 6 in 53 cases of chronic hepatitis C infection were as follows: 22 cases of type 6a, 5 cases of type 6w, 5 cases of type 6xa, 3 cases of type 6v, 2 cases of type 6e, 2 cases of type 6r, 1 case of type 6xh, and 13 cases of special virus strains with undetermined genotype. The overall sustained virological response rate at 12 weeks after the drug withdrawal was 100%. Furthermore, HCV RNA was undetectable during the treatment period (4 weeks), at the end of treatment and after the treatment (24 weeks). There were seven cases of adverse events, mainly including fatigue, anorexia, and mild anemia; however, no serious adverse events were reported. Conclusion: Sofosbuvir-based regimen combined with ribavirin or velpatasvir cannot only achieve high response rate to HCV subtype 6a, but also obtain a good sustained virological response to the rare prevalent sub-genotypes and special virus strains of HCV genotype 6, with mild adverse reactions and acceptable safety profile.


Assuntos
Hepatite C Crônica , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Genótipo , Hepacivirus/genética , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Ribavirina/uso terapêutico , Sofosbuvir/uso terapêutico , Resposta Viral Sustentada , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(8): 827-832, 2021 Aug 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34407586

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the activity difference of the high affinity humanized CD19 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-T cells and murine CD19 CAR-T cells. Methods: Peripheral venous blood T cells from 8 healthy volunteers were collected and infected with humanized and murine CD19 CAR lentivirus. Human and murine CD19 CAR-T cells were prepared and cell proliferation was detected by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) method. The cytotoxicity of CD3(+) T cells, humanized and murine CD19 CAR-T cells to NALM-6 cells was detected by lactate dehydrogenase assay. Thirty BAL B/c nude mice transplanted with NALM-6 cells were randomly divided into 3 groups with 10 mice in each group and injected humanized CD19 CAR-T cells, mouse CD19 CAR-T cells and control CD3(+) T cell via tail vein, respectively. The proportion of NALM-6 cells in peripheral blood and the proportion of CD19 CAR-T cells in T cells from the vein of the inner canthus were detected by flow cytometry. The overall survival of BAL B/c nude mice was observed. Results: The proliferation of mouse and humanized CD19 CAR-T cells were (68.50±0.93)% and (80.63±1.41)%, respectively (t=20.353, P<0.001) after cultured in vitro for 24 hours, and were (91.38±1.41)% and (148.13±1.25)%, respectively (t=85.364, P<0.001) after cultured for 48 hours. When the effect to target ratio was 1∶1, there was no difference between the humanized and murine CD19 CAR-T cell group after co-culture for 24 hours (P=0.169), while the killing activity of humanized CD19 CAR-T cells against NALM-6 cells was higher than that of murine CD19 CAR-T cells (P<0.01) after 48 hours of co-culture. When the effect to target ratio was 4∶1, the cytotoxicity of humanized CD19 CAR-T cells against NALM-6 cells was higher than that of murine CD19 CAR-T cells in co-culture for 24 and 48 hours (P<0.01). On the seventh day of CD19 CAR-T cell therapy, the proportion of NALM-6 cells in the peripheral blood of BAL B/c nude mice decreased to the lowest level in the humanized CD19 CAR-T cell group and the murine CD19 CAR-T cell group. After 21 days, the proportion of NALM-6 cells in the murine CD19 CAR-T cell group was higher than that in the humanized CD19 CAR-T cell group (P(21 d)=0.001, P(28 d)<0.001, P(35 d)<0.001). The proportion of humanized and murine CD19 CAR-T cells in the peripheral blood reached the peaks after 7 days of therapy, and the proportion of humanized CD19 CAR-T cells was higher than that of murine CAR-T cells (P(7 d)=0.002). The CD19 CAR-T cells disappeared in the peripheral blood in the murine CD19 CAR-T cell group after 14 days of therapy, while in the humanized CD19 CAR-T cell group it disappeared after 21 days of therapy. The median survival of BAL B/c nude mice in the murine CD19 CAR-T cell group and the humanized CD19 CAR-T cell group was 42 days and 63 days, respectively (χ(2)=15.382, P<0.001). Conclusions: High affinity humanized CD19 CAR-T cells have stronger proliferation, higher cytotoxicity and longer survival time compared with those of murine CD19 CAR-T cells. The results indicate that the clinical efficacy of humanized CD19 CAR-T cells would be better than that of murine CD19 CAR-T cells.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos , Animais , Xenoenxertos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Neoplasias/terapia , Linfócitos T
19.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(8): 866-871, 2021 Aug 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34407593

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the relationship between serum folate and the prognosis of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade I (CIN1) and the interaction between folate and high risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) infection. Methods: From a community-based married women cohort established in Jiexiu and Yangqu County of Shanxi Province from June to December 2014, a total of 564 eligible women with CIN1 by pathologically diagnosed were recruited. The pathological examination was performed again 12 months later. According to the prognosis of CIN1, participants were divided into CIN1 regression group, persistence and progression group, respectively. Nested case-control study was used to explore the relationship between serum folate and CIN1 prognosis, and additive model was used to analyze the interaction between serum folate and HR-HPV infection. Results: Among 564 CIN1 patients, 479 cases underwent pathological examination again, 331 were divided in CIN1 regression group and other 148 in persistence and progression group. The levels of serum folate in CIN1 regression group and persistence and progression group were (18.890±8.360) and (15.640±5.550) nmol/L, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (Z=-6.937, P<0.001). HPV infection was detected in 154 patients, including 148 cases of HR-HPV infection and 6 cases of low risk human papillomavirus (LR-HPV) infection. Univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences in the age, passive smoking, frequency of pudendal cleaning, frequency of cleaning after sex, frequency of changing underwear, serum folate and HR-HPV infection between regression group and persistence and progression group (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the frequency of pudendal cleaning (OR=0.422, 95%CI: 0.238-0.750), frequency of changing underwear (OR=0.574, 95%CI: 0.355-0.928), serum folate (13.06-16.78nmol/L: OR=4.806, 95%CI: 2.355-9.810; ≤13.05nmol/L: OR=8.378, 95%CI: 4.024-17.445), HR-HPV infection (OR=1.852, 95%CI: 1.170-2.933) were the independent influencing factors of CIN1 prognosis. Interaction analysis showed that the relative excess risk of low serum folate level and HR-HPV infection for the CIN1 persistence and progression was 4.992 (95%CI: 0.189-9.796), attributable proportion due to interaction was 0.552 (95%CI: 0.279-0.824), synergy index was 2.632 (95%CI: 1.239-5.588), aOR of serum folate≤16.78 nmol/L and HR-HPV infection positive was 9.055 (95%CI: 4.878-16.807). Conclusion: Low serum folate level could increase the risk of CIN1 persistence and progression, and might enhance the risk when combined with HR-HPV infection.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical , Infecções por Papillomavirus , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Ácido Fólico , Humanos , Papillomaviridae/genética , Prognóstico
20.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 42(6): 466-473, 2021 Jun 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34384152

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the relationship between the reconstitution of immune cells in patients with hematological malignancies and the occurrence of chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) after treatment with unrelated cord blood transplantation (UCBT) and sibling peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) . Methods: A total of 124 patients undergoing allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in the First Affiliated Hospital of University of Science and Technology of China from March 2018 to August 2019, including 96 patients with UCBT and 28 patients with PBSCT. Peripheral blood immune cells of patients with UCBT and PBSCT were detected at 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after transplantation using flow cytometry, and both UCBT and PBSCT patients were divided into cGVHD and non-cGVHD groups based on whether cGVHD occurred to explore the correlation between the immune cells reconstitution of the two types of transplantation and cGVHD. Results: ①The cumulative incidence of the moderate to severe cGVHD in the UCBT group was significantly lower than that in the PBSCT group[9.38% (95% CI 3.35%-15.02%) vs 28.57% (95% CI 9.72%-43.50%) , P=0.008]; the 2-year cumulative incidence of cGVHD and moderate to severe cGVHD in the UCBT group was lower than that in the PBSCT group[15.60% (95% CI 9.20%-23.60%) vs 32.10% (95% CI 15.80%-49.70%) , P=0.047; 10.40% (95% CI 5.30%-17.50%) vs 28.60% (95% CI 13.30%-46.00%) , P=0.014]. ②The absolute counts of CD4(+)T cells in the UCBT group were higher than those in the PBSCT group at 6, 9, and 12 months after transplantation[59.00 (36.70-89.65) ×10(7)/L vs 31.40 (18.10-44.00) ×10(7)/L, P<0.001; 71.30 (49.60-101.45) ×10(7)/L vs 41.60 (25.82-56.27) ×10(7)/L, P<0.001; 83.00 (50.17-121.55) ×10(7)/L vs 44.85 (31.62-62.10) ×10(7)/L, P<0.001]; the proportions of CD4(+)T cells in the UCBT group were always higher than those in the PBSCT group (P<0.05) . The absolute counts and proportions of B cells in the PBSCT group were higher than those in the UCBT group at the first month after transplantation[0.70 (0.30-1.70) ×10(7)/L vs 0.10 (0-0.30) ×10(7)/L, P<0.001; 0.45% (0.30%-2.20%) vs 0.20% (0.10%-0.40%) , P=0.002]; the absolute counts and proportions of B cells in the UCBT group were higher than those in the PBSCT group at 9 and 12 months after transplantation[53.80 (28.00-103.20) ×10(7)/L vs 23.35 (5.07-35.00) ×10(7)/L, P<0.001; 21.45 (11.80-30.45) % vs 9.00% (3.08%-16.73%) , P<0.001. 66.70 (36.97-98.72) ×10(7)/L vs 20.85 (7.72-39.40) ×10(7)/L, P<0.001; 22.20% (14.93%-29.68%) vs 8.75% (5.80%-18.93%) , P<0.001]. The absolute counts and proportions of regulatory B (Breg) cells in the UCBT group were higher than those in the PBSCT group at 6, 9, and 12 months after transplantation[1.23 (0.38-3.52) ×10(7)/L vs 0.05 (0-0.84) ×10(7)/L, P<0.001; 5.35% (1.90%-12.20%) vs 1.45% (0-7.78%) , P=0.002. 2.25 (1.07-6.71) ×10(7)/L vs 0.12 (0-0.77) ×10(7)/L, P<0.001; 6.25% (2.00%-12.33%) vs 0.80% (0-5.25%) , P<0.001. 3.69 (0.83-8.66) ×10(7)/L vs 0.46 (0-0.93) ×10(7)/L, P<0.001; 6.15% (1.63%-11.75%) vs 1.40% (0.18%-5.85%) , P<0.001].The absolute counts and proportions of CD3(+)T cells, CD8(+)T cells, and Treg cells in the UCBT group were not significantly different from those in the PBSCT group. ③The absolute counts of B cells in the non-cGVHD group of UCBT patients were higher than those in the moderate to severe cGVHD group at 6 and 12 months after transplantation (P=0.038, P=0.043) ; the proportions of B cells in the non-cGVHD group were higher than those in the moderate to severe cGVHD group at 6 months after transplantation (P=0.049) . The absolute counts of Breg cells in the non-cGVHD group of patients with UCBT were higher than those in the moderate to severe cGVHD group at 6, 9, and 12 months after transplantation (P=0.006, P=0.028, P=0.050) ; the proportions of Breg cells in the non-cGVHD group were higher than those in the moderate to severe cGVHD group at 9 months after transplantation (P=0.038) . ④The absolute counts and proportions of B and Breg cells in the non-cGVHD group of patients with PBSCT were not statistically different than those in the moderate to severe cGVHD group. Conclusion: In the process of immune cell reconstitution, the Breg cells in the UCBT group were higher than those in the PBSCT group, and the Breg cells in the non-cGVHD group of the two types of transplantation were always higher than those in the moderate to severe cGVHD group, indicating that Breg cells can reduce the occurrence of cGVHD, revealing the possible reason for the lower incidence of cGVHD in the UCBT group.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue do Cordão Umbilical , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Reconstituição Imune , Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue Periférico , Humanos , Irmãos
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