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1.
Food Funct ; 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34985089

RESUMO

Polygonum multiflorum (PM), a popular functional food, and a herbal and dietary supplement, is widely used as a tonic in China and East Asia. In recent years, it has attracted great concern for its ability to cause idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury (IDILI). However, identifying individuals susceptible to IDILI remains challenging. This is a prospective study. For 6 patients whose serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels after consuming PM were abnormally elevated (susceptible group), 15 patients with normal levels of liver injury markers were matched (tolerant group) based on similar baseline characteristics. ProcartaPlex immunoassays were adopted to quantitatively detect 33 serum cytokines in the two groups of patients before consuming PM, to characterize the cytokine profile and screen differential cytokines. Subsequently, the susceptibility of a potential biomarker to regulate PM-induced liver injury was validated in animal models. There were significant differences in the cytokine profiles between the susceptible and tolerant groups, wherein the susceptible patients showed immune perturbation characterized by high expression of multiple inflammatory cytokines, especially the proinflammatory cytokine TNF-α (P = 0.006). Among them, the cytokine TNF-α had the strongest correlation with ALT, where the correlation coefficient was greater than 0.6, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was more than 0.8. Animal experiments revealed that both PM water extract and its susceptibility component of liver injury, cis-stilbene glucoside, could cause liver injury in the mice pre-stimulated using TNF-α. Conversely, administration of the same dose of drugs on control mice did not show any hepatotoxicity. In conclusion, immune perturbation mainly mediated by TNF-α may regulate the susceptibility to PM-induced liver injury. This provides a new perspective for the study of susceptibility to IDILI.

3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(21): 5443-5449, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34951194

RESUMO

The output of high level innovative Chinese medicines(CM) is very rare for a few years, which is in sharp contrast to the reality that antibody drugs, small molecular targeted therapy, antibody-drug conjugate and other innovative drugs have heavy investment and high yield. Acceleration for the research and development of innovative CM drugs obviously relies on breakthrough of the modes of thinking and methodology. Deeply influenced by the thinking of allopathic medicine in Western science system, the mainstream of current basic researches on CM is to find the components and their molecular mechanisms that can directly inhibit or antagonize the target in disease focal. However, it is difficult to explain the mechanism of the reported " active" components in many CMs, since their steady-state concentrations in disease focal are usually significantly lower than the effective concentrations of those components. Therefore, based on the original methodology of CM-systemism and harmonizing medicine, this paper proposed that the mechanism of action of CMs may not be limited to the direct antagonistic effect on the target in disease focal. Instead, it may involve indirect action through the intermediate substances across different organs or systems with a long-distance action pattern.A fundamentally break may be achieved when exploring the mechanism of action of CM active components from the perspective of indirect action. It may also change the thinking of allopathic medicine in the researches of CM and start a new innovative road for the development of indirect-acting CMs.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , China
5.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 756975, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34776974

RESUMO

Liuweiwuling Tablet (LWWL) is a licensed Chinese patent medicine (approval number: Z20060238) included in the national health insurance for anti-inflammation of chronic HBV infection, whereas its anti-HBV effect remains clarification. The study aimed to clarify its antiviral effect and related mechanisms. HepG2.2.15 cells (wild-type HBV-replicating cells) and HepG2. A64 cells (entecavir-resistant HBV-replicating cells) were used for in vitro test. Hydrodynamic injection-mediated HBV-replicating mouse model was used for in vivo test. Active compounds and related mechanisms for antiviral effect of LWWL were analyzed using network pharmacology and transcriptomics. The inhibition rates of LWWL (0.8 mg/ml) on HBV DNA, HBsAg, and pgRNA were 57.06, 38.55, and 62.49% in HepG2.2.15 cells, and 51.57, 17.57, and 53.88% in HepG2. A64 cells, respectively. LWWL (2 g kg-1 d-1 for 4 weeks)-treated mice had 1.16 log10 IU/mL decrease of serum HBV DNA, and more than 50% decrease of serum HBsAg/HBeAg and hepatic HBsAg/HBcAg. Compared to tenofovir control, LWWL was less effective in suppressing HBV DNA but more effective in suppressing HBV antigens. Thirteen differentially-expressed genes were found in relation to HBV-host interaction and some of them were enriched in interferon (IFN)-ß pathway in LWWL-treated HepG2.2.15 cells. CD3+CD4+ T-cell frequency and serum IFN-γ were significantly increased in LWWL-treated mice compared to LWWL-untreated mice. Among 26 compounds with potential anti-HBV effects that were predicted by network pharmacology, four compounds (quercetin, luteolin, wogonin, and kaempferol) were experimentally confirmed to have antiviral potency. In conclusion, LWWL had potent inhibitory effect on both wild-type and entecavir-resistant HBV, which might be associated with increasing IFN-ß and IFN-γ production.

6.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 693928, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34630079

RESUMO

Early identification of individuals susceptible to idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury (IDILI) is a challenging unmet demand. Diclofenac, one of the most widely available over-the-counter drugs for pain management worldwide, may induce liver dysfunction, acute liver failure, and death. Herein, we report that diclofenac-related hepatobiliary adverse reactions occurred more frequently in cases with immune activation. Furthermore, experiments with rats demonstrated divergent hepatotoxicity responses in individuals exposed to diclofenac, and modest inflammation potentiated diclofenac-induced liver injury. Susceptible rats had unique plasma metabolomic characteristics, and as such, the metabolomic approach could be used to distinguish susceptible individuals. The 23 identified susceptibility-related metabolites were enriched by several metabolic pathways related to acute-phase reactions of immunocytes and inflammatory responses, including sphingolipid, tyrosine, phenylalanine, tryptophan, and lipid metabolism pathways. This finding implies a mechanistic role of metabolic and immune disturbances affects susceptibility to diclofenac-IDILI. Further nine metabolite biomarkers with potent diagnostic capabilities were identified using receiver operating characteristic curves. These findings elucidated the potential utility of metabolomic biomarkers to identify individuals susceptible to drug hepatotoxicity and the underlying mechanism of metabolic and immune disturbances occurring in IDILI.

7.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 738577, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34539416

RESUMO

Herbal medicine is widely used in Asia as well as the west. Hepatotoxicity is one of the most severe side effects of herbal medicine which is an increasing concern around the world. Reynoutria multiflora (Thunb.) Moldenke (Polygonum multiflorum Thunb., PM) is the most common herb that can cause herb-induced liver injury (HILI). The recent scientific and technological advancements in clinical and basic research are paving the way for a better understanding of the molecular aspects of PM-related HILI (PM-HILI). This review provides an updated overview of the clinical characteristics, predisposing factors, hepatotoxic components, and molecular mechanisms of PM-HILI. It can also aid in a better understanding of HILI and help in further research on the same.

8.
Hepatol Commun ; 5(6): 961-975, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34141983

RESUMO

Alcohol-associated liver disease (ALD) is caused by alcohol metabolism's effects on the liver. The underlying mechanisms from a metabolic view in the development of alcohol-associated liver cirrhosis (ALC) are still elusive. We performed an untargeted serum metabolomic analysis in 14 controls, 16 patients with ALD without cirrhosis (NC), 27 patients with compensated cirrhosis, and 79 patients with decompensated ALC. We identified two metabolic fingerprints associated with ALC development (38 metabolites) and those associated with hepatic decompensation (64 metabolites) in ALC. The cirrhosis-associated fingerprint (eigenmetabolite) showed a better capability to differentiate ALC from NC than the aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index score. The eigenmetabolite associated with hepatic decompensation showed an increasing trend during the disease progression and was positively correlated with the Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score. These metabolic fingerprints belong to the metabolites in lipid metabolism, amino acid pathway, and intermediary metabolites in the tricarboxylic acid cycle. Conclusion: The metabolomic fingerprints suggest the disturbance of the metabolites associated with cellular energy supply as an underlying mechanism in the development and progression of alcoholic cirrhosis.

9.
Chin J Integr Med ; 27(11): 832-837, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33963478

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze clinical feature and information of medication to explore the risk signals of preparations containing Psoraleae Fructus (BGZP) related with hepatobiliary adverse drug reactions (ADR), in order to reinforce pharmacovigilance. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted based on hepatobiliary ADR related with BGZP from the China Adverse Drug Reaction Monitoring System in years from January 2012 to December 2016. Serious and general ADRs were analyzed and assessed. RESULTS: There were 355 cases of hepatobiliary ADR related to BGZP. Both the amount of cases and the proportion of serious ADR showed an increasing growth by years (P<0.05). It was found that 10.43% of 355 cases may be involved with irrational drug use, including overdose, repeated medication, and combination of multiple drugs. There were 190 cases which used BGZP (non-combination), and they were mainly for common in diseases caused by abnormal immune activation (accounting for 40.53% of the total cases). Especially at the age group with the most cases with age of 41-50 years, the cases associated with immunological diseases of female were obviously more than that of male (P<0.05). The latency of hepatobiliary ADR related to BGZP ranged from 1 to 386 days, and the median latency was 27.5 days, along with the range of cumulative dose (0.45-520.02 g) as well as the daily dose (0.09-2.64 g/d) after the conversion. CONCLUSIONS: Cases of hepatobiliary ADR related to BGZP showed significant individual differences, and there was no correlation between drug usage duration and dosage and the occurrence of hepatobiliary ADR. It may be similar with idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury, and recommended that BGZP should be used with more caution under monitoring liver function, especially in female patients with immunological diseases.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Adulto , Sistemas de Notificação de Reações Adversas a Medicamentos , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Farmacovigilância , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(10): 2556-2564, 2021 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34047103

RESUMO

Based on the heat-clearing and detoxifying effects of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma, the network pharmacology is mainly used to predict the potential targets of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma for anti-inflammatory activity and to perform the experimental verification. A method for detecting the biological potency of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma based on verifiable targets has been established to provide a reference for improving the quality evaluation and control standards of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma. High performance liquid chromatography can be used to construct chemical fingerprints of different batches of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma. Constructing a component-target-disease network of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma for its anti-inflammatory activity was applied to screen potential anti-inflammatory components and related targets of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma, and to verify the target of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma by using biological evaluation methods. Detecting the biological potency of different batches of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma extracts was used to inhibit COX-2 enzyme activity based the verifiable target cyclooxygenase-2(COX-2). The results showed that different batches of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma accorded with the pharmacopoeia testing regulations, and the chemical fingerprints have a high similarity(similarity>0.93), suggesting that there is no significant difference in the characteristics of the chemical components. Based on network pharmacology predictions, 18 candidate targets were found to have potential direct interactions with the ingredients in Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma. Among them, the most important target is COX-2. Based on the experimental verification of recombinant human COX-2 protease activity inhibition, Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma can inhibit the COX-2 enzyme activity in a dose-dependent manner. It can function with a low concentration(0.75 mg·mL~(-1)), which preliminarily confirmed the accuracy of network pharmacology prediction. The biological potency detection method of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma based on COX-2 inhibitory activity was optimized and established. The qualitative response parallel line method was used to calculate the biological potency of anti-inflammatory activity, which ranged from 23.04 to 46.60 U·mg~(-1). For network pharmacology prediction, it can screen and clarify the possible targets of traditional Chinese medicine rapidly, which can guide the establishment of a biological evaluation method for the quality of medicinal materials with related activities. Compared with chemical fingerprints, the biological potency testing can better detect quality fluctuations of traditional Chinese medicine.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Bioensaio , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Controle de Qualidade , Rizoma
11.
J Pediatr ; 234: 85-91, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33794217

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the risk of liver-related adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in children and adults. STUDY DESIGN: A case/non-case analysis on spontaneous reports based on the China National Adverse Drug Reactions Monitoring System database were conducted, focusing on events of liver-related ADRs in children younger than 14 years of age. Both the relative risk of liver-related ADRs in children vs entire population and the risk stratification in children were expressed as a measure of disproportionality using the reporting odds ratio (ROR). RESULTS: There were 1206 cases of pediatric liver-related ADRs identified from 2012 to 2016, accounting for 2.82% of the entire population. The greatest ROR values in children from 0 to 14 years vs the entire population were observed for analgesics (3.97, 95% CI 3.27-4.81), respiratory (2.60, 95% CI 1.04-6.43), antineoplastic (2.29, 95% CI 2.02-2.58), immunomodulatory (1.91, 95% CI 1.44-2.53), and antimicrobial agents (1.47, 95% CI 1.33-1.63). Notably, infants aged 0-1 years showed significantly greater risk (3.14, 95% CI 2.85-3.48) of liver-related ADRs than the other age groups of children. For infants, analgesics (3.21, 95% CI 2.20-4.66) and antimicrobials (3.15, 95% CI 2.50-3.97) agents were found to have the greatest adjusted RORs than other drug categories. The highest RORs were found for meropenem, amoxicillin, fluconazole, vancomycin, cefaclor, and ceftazidime in the antimicrobial agents for infants. CONCLUSIONS: Children are sensitive to liver-related ADRs caused by several specific drug categories, and infants are the most sensitive.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Notificação de Reações Adversas a Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/epidemiologia , Distribuição por Idade , Analgésicos/efeitos adversos , Anti-Infecciosos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Razão de Chances
12.
Biomed Chromatogr ; 35(9): e5140, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33830528

RESUMO

Owing to the complexity of the composition of herbal and dietary supplements, it is a challenging problem to efficiently screen and identify active or toxic compounds. Psoralea corylifolia L. (PCL) was selected as the subbject to establish a methodology for rapid screening and identification of hepatotoxic compounds. High-content imaging, ultra-performance liquid chromatography and high-resolution mass spectrometry were used in this study to detect the hepatotoxicity and identify unknown compounds in PCL samples. Then, putative toxic compounds which are highly related to hepatotoxicity were screened by spectrum-toxicity correlation analysis, and the toxicity intensity verified by high-content imaging. The maximum nontoxic dose of processed samples with good detoxification effect reduced more than 9 times compared with unprocessed raw medicinal materials. Spectrum-toxicity correlation analysis showed that bavachinin A, bavachin, isobavachalcone and neobavaisoflavone had high correlation with the hepatotoxicity of PCL, and psoralen and isopsoralen had low correlation with hepatotoxicity. This study verified the hepatotoxicity of these six putative compound monomers, proving the results of spectrum-toxicity correlation analysis. Based on the correlation analysis of high-resolution mass spectrometry of detection compounds and high-content imaging of hepatocyte toxicity data, the potential toxic compound of herbal and dietary supplement products can be quickly and accurately screened.


Assuntos
Suplementos Nutricionais/toxicidade , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/toxicidade , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Psoralea/química , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Ficusina/toxicidade , Flavonoides/toxicidade , Humanos , Isoflavonas/toxicidade , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Imagem Molecular/métodos
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33927776

RESUMO

Fuke Qianjin Capsule (FKQJ) is a common TCM compound formula in the treatment of gynecological inflammation-related diseases. This study intends to explore and establish a bioassay method to further improve its quality control. The bioassay method for the determination of anti-inflammatory biopotency was established based on its inhibitory activity on recombinant human cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), an active target of FKQJ in the treatment of female pelvic inflammatory disease. We firstly established chemical fingerprint of 20 batches of FKQJ by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography to identify the components and analyze the chemical similarities. The similarity within different batches of FKQJ was relatively high. The values of similarity of the 19 batches were between 0.973 and 0.995, while one batch's similarity value was 0.813. Celecoxib, a selective inhibitor of COX-2, was chosen as the positive control drug in COX-2 activity assay to establish an anti-inflammatory biopotency detection method based on parallel line test of qualitative response. The methodological investigation showed that the method possessed good repeatability and precision. Secondly, the anti-inflammatory biopotency of 20 batches of FKQJ for inhibiting COX-2 was determined. The results showed that the biopotency of different batches of FKQJ ranged from 676 U/µg to 1310 U/µg, with average value of 918 U/µg and RSD of 16.7%. Based on multiple linear regression analysis, we found that three contents were highly correlated with the anti-inflammatory biopotency, while chlorogenic acid was validated of the strongest anti-inflammatory activity in vitro. Compared with chemical detection, bioassay can better reflect the quality fluctuation of different batches of products and correlate the known pharmacodynamic targets. The supplement of the bioassay method based on chemical evaluation is helpful to improve the quality control ability of Chinese patent medicine and ensure its clinical efficacy is stable and controllable.

14.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 640799, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33855035

RESUMO

Background: Chronic drug-induced liver injury (DILI) occurs in up to 20% of all DILI patients. It presents a chronic pattern with persistent or relapsed episodes and may even progress to cirrhosis. However, its underlying development mechanism is poorly understood. Aims: To find serum metabolite signatures of chronic DILI with or without cirrhosis, and to elucidate the underlying mechanism. Methods: Untargeted metabolomics coupled with pattern recognition approaches were used to profile and extract metabolite signatures from 83 chronic DILI patients, including 58 non-cirrhosis (NC) cases, 14 compensated cirrhosis (CC) cases, and 11 decompensated cirrhosis (DC) cases. Results: Of the 269 annotated metabolites associated with chronic DILI, metabolic fingerprints associated with cirrhosis (including 30 metabolites) and decompensation (including 25 metabolites), were identified. There was a significantly positive correlation between cirrhosis-associated fingerprint (eigenmetabolite) and the aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI) (r = 0.315, P = 0.003). The efficacy of cirrhosis-associated eigenmetabolite coupled with APRI to identify cirrhosis from non-cirrhosis patients was significantly better than APRI alone [area under the curve (AUC) value 0.914 vs. 0.573]. The decompensation-associated fingerprint (eigenmetabolite) can effectively identify the compensation and decompensation periods (AUC value 0.954). The results of the metabolic fingerprint pathway analysis suggest that the blocked tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA cycle) and intermediary metabolism, excessive accumulation of bile acids, and perturbed amino acid metabolism are potential mechanisms in the occurrence and development of chronic DILI-associated cirrhosis. Conclusions: The metabolomic fingerprints characterize different stages of chronic DILI progression and deepen the understanding of the metabolic reprogramming mechanism of chronic DILI progression to cirrhosis.

15.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 627133, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33762948

RESUMO

Chronic drug-induced liver injury (DILI), defined as DILI with persistent liver injury more than one year after the first onset by the latest European guidelines, is a notable challenge globally with big issues of defining causality and establishing effective treatment. About 20% of patients with DILI develop into chronic DILI. Chronic DILI manifests as persistent or repeated inflammatory or diminishing bile ducts, even progresses to cirrhosis and needs liver transplantation eventually. However, research on chronic DILI over the last decades is still lacking, and the incidence, phenotypes, mechanisms, risk factors, and treatment have not been fully understood. In this paper, we reviewed the definition of chronic DILI, updated clinical studies in terms of incidence, special manifestations, and promising risk factors of chronic DILI, along with the recent progress and challenges in glucocorticoid therapy.

16.
J Inflamm Res ; 14: 645-655, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33692634

RESUMO

Background: Drug-induced liver injury is a common adverse effect in clinical practice, with severe cases resulting in liver failure and even death. Identification and prediction of individuals susceptible to idiosyncratic DILI continues to remain a challenge. Methods: In this study, we report that cytokines in human serum can be used to identify and predict individuals susceptible to Polygonum multiflorum-induced DILI (PM-DILI) in retrospective and prospective cohort studies. Findings: In the retrospective pilot study, we compared serum cytokine expression profiles of the PM-DILI group (n=10) and the PM-Tolerant group (n=12) and found 10 cytokines with significant differences. In the replication cohort study, differences in the 10 cytokines between PM-DILI (n =11) and PM-Tolerant (n=13) groups were verified. Among them, 6 cytokines showed no significant differences at two time points, including liver injury and recovery stage of PM-DILI, suggesting that these 6 cytokines have no correlation with PM-DILI, however, they may be related to susceptibility. Furthermore, all the retrospective cohorts were combined, and a PM-DILI susceptibility prediction model was built by screening the 6 cytokines. The combination of (TNF-α and CCL-2) or VEGF showed the highest sensitivity and specificity. Finally, the efficacy of the above 3 cytokine combination models in predicting PM-DILI-susceptible individuals was verified before PM exposure in another independent prospective cohort (n=24), with sensitivity and specificity of 66.7% and 83.3%, respectively. Conclusion: This proof-of-concept study demonstrates that the serum cytokine combination reflecting dysimmunity could be used as a new method to predict PM-DILI, thus providing a new perspective for improving the clinical management of IDILI.

17.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 644376, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33777984

RESUMO

Objectives: Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) can progress into severe outcomes, i.e., decompensated cirrhosis, from remarkable and persistent inflammation in the liver. Considering the energy-expending nature of inflammation, we tried to define the metabolomics signatures of AIH to uncover the underlying mechanisms of cirrhosis development and its metabolic biomarkers. Methods: Untargeted metabolomics analysis was performed on sera samples from 79 AIH patients at the stages (phenotypes) of non-cirrhosis (n = 27), compensated cirrhosis (n = 22), and decompensated cirrhosis (n = 30). Pattern recognition was used to find unique metabolite fingerprints of cirrhosis with or without decompensation. Results: Out of the 294 annotated metabolites identified, 2 metabolic fingerprints were found associated with the development of cirrhosis (independent of the decompensated state, 42 metabolites) and the evolution of decompensated cirrhosis (out of 47 metabolites), respectively. The cirrhosis-associated fingerprints (eigenmetabolite) showed better capability to differentiate cirrhosis from non-cirrhosis patients than the aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index. From the metabolic fingerprints, we found two pairs of metabolites (Mesobilirubinogen/6-Hydroxynicotinic acid and LysoPA(8:0/0:0)/7alpha-Hydroxycholesterol) calculated as ratio of intensities, which revealed robust abilities to identify cirrhosis or predict decompensated patients, respectively. These phenotype-related fingerprint metabolites featured fundamental energy supply disturbance along with the development of AIH cirrhosis and progression to decompensation, which was characterized as increased lipolysis, enhanced proteolysis, and increased glycolysis. Conclusions: Remodeling of metabolism to meet the liver inflammation-related energy supply is one of the key signatures of AIH in the development of cirrhosis and decompensation. Therefore, drug regulation metabolism has great potential in the treatment of AIH.

18.
Hepatol Res ; 51(4): 490-502, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33227168

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this study was to use a metabonomics approach to identify potential biomarkers of exhaled breath condensate (EBC) for predicting the prognosis of acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). METHODS: Using liquid chromatography mass spectrometry, EBC metabolites of ACLF patients surviving without liver transplantation (n = 57) and those with worse outcomes (n = 45), and controls (n = 15) were profiled from a specialized liver disease center in Beijing. The metabolites were used to identify candidate biomarkers, and the predicted performance of potential biomarkers was tested. RESULTS: Forty-one metabolites, involving glycerophospholipid metabolism, sphingolipid metabolism, arachidonic acid metabolism, and amino acid metabolism, as candidate biomarkers for discriminating the different outcomes of ACLF were selected. A prognostic model was constructed by a panel of four metabolites including phosphatidylinositol [20:4(5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z)/13:0], phosphatidyl ethanolamine (12:0/22:0), L-metanephrine and ethylbenzene, which could predict the worse prognosis in ACLF patients with sensitivity (84.4%) and specificity (89.5%) (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve [AUC] = 0.859, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.787-0.931). Compared with Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score (AUC = 0.639, 95% CI = 0.526-0.753) and MELD-sodium (MELD-Na) score (AUC = 0.692, 95% CI = 0.582-0.803), EBC-associated metabolite signature model could better predict worse outcomes in patients with ACLF (p < 0.05). Using the MELD-Na score and EBC metabolite signatures, a decision tree model was built for predicting the prognosis of ACLF identified on logistic regression analyses (AUC = 0.906, 95% CI = 0.846-0.965). CONCLUSION: EBC metabolic signatures show promise as potential biomarkers for predicting worse prognosis of ACLF.

20.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 7: 592434, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33330552

RESUMO

Aim: The diagnosis of drug-induced liver injury (DILI) remains a challenge and the cases of Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. (PM) induced DILI (PM-DILI) have received much attention This study aimed to identify a simple and high-efficiency approach to PM-DILI diagnosis via metabolomics analysis. Methods: Plasma metabolites in 13 PM-DILI patients were profiled by liquid chromatography along with high-resolution mass spectrometry. Meanwhile, the metabolic characteristics of the PM-DILI were compared with that of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH), hepatitis B (HBV), and healthy volunteers. Results: Twenty-four metabolites were identified to present significantly different levels in PM-DILI patients compared with HBV and AIH groups. These metabolites were enriched into glucose, amino acids, and sphingolipids metabolisms. Among these essential metabolites, the ratios of P-cresol sulfate vs. phenylalanine and inosine vs. bilirubin were further selected using a stepwise decision tree to construct a classification model in order to differentiate PM-DILI from HBV and AIH. The model was highly effective with sensitivity of 92.3% and specificity of 88.9%. Conclusions: This study presents an integrated view of the metabolic features of PM-DILI induced by herbal medicine, and the four-metabolite decision tree technique imparts a potent tool in clinical diagnosis.

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