Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 132
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Cell Immunol ; 349: 104046, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32057354

RESUMO

Uncontrolled activation of NLRP3 inflammasome initiates a series of human inflammatory diseases. Targeting NLRP3 inflammasome has attracted considerable attention in developing potential therapeutic interventions. Here, we reported that dehydrocostus lactone (DCL), a main component of Saussurea lappa from the traditional Chinese medicine, inhibited NLRP3 inflammasome-mediated caspase-1 activation and subsequent interleukin (IL)-1ß production in primary mouse macrophages and human peripheral blood mononuclear cells and exerted an inhibitory effect on NLRP3-driven inflammation. Mechanistically, DCL significantly blocked the ASC oligomerization, which is essential for the assembly of activated inflammasome. Importantly, in vivo experiments showed that DCL reduced IL-1ß secretion and peritoneal neutrophils recruitment in LPS-mediated inflammation mouse model, which is demonstrated to be NLRP3 dependent. These results suggest that DCL is a potent pharmacological inhibitor of NLRP3 inflammasome and may be developed as a therapeutic drug for treating NLRP3-associated diseases.

2.
Arch Toxicol ; 94(1): 245-256, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31630224

RESUMO

Idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury (IDILI) is a rare but potentially severe adverse drug reaction. To date, identifying individuals at risk for IDILI remains challenging. This is a prospective study, where a nested case-control (1:5) design was adopted. For six patients who had abnormalities in liver function test after Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. (PM) ingestion (susceptible group), 30 patients with normal liver function were matched (tolerant group). Based on liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, metabolomics analysis was done on serum samples prior to PM ingestion, to screen the differential metabolites and characterize metabolomic profiles of patient serum in the two groups. Multivariate analysis showed that there were remarkable separations between susceptible and tolerant groups. A total of 25 major differential metabolites were screened out, involving glycerophospholipid metabolism, sphingolipid metabolism, fatty acid metabolism, histidine metabolism and aromatic amino acid metabolism. Wherein, the area under the curve of the receiver operating characteristic curves of metabolites PE 22:6, crotonoyl-CoA, 2E-tetradecenoyl-CoA, phenyllactic acid, indole-5,6-quinone, phosphoribosyl-ATP were all greater than 0.9. The overall serum metabolic profile comprising of 25 metabolites could clearly distinguish susceptible and tolerant groups. This proof-of-concept study used metabolomics to characterize the metabolic profile of IDILI risk individuals before drug ingestion for the first time. The metabolome characteristics in patient serum before PM ingestion may predict the risk of liver injury after PM ingestion.

3.
J Pharm Pharmacol ; 72(2): 279-293, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31743450

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed to explore the mechanism of Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata (ALRP) and Zingiberis Rhizoma (ZR) on doxorubicin (DOX)-induced chronic heart failure (CHF) in rats by integrated approaches. METHODS: Effects of ALRP and ZR on cardiac function, serum biochemical indicators and histopathology in rats were analysed. Moreover, UHPLC-Q-TOF/MS was performed to identify the potential metabolites affecting the pathological process of CHF. Metabolomics and network pharmacology analyses were conducted to illustrate the possible pathways and network in CHF treatment. The predicted gene expression levels in heart tissue were verified and assessed by RT-PCR. KEY FINDINGS: ALRP-ZR demonstrated remarkable promotion of hemodynamic indices and alleviated histological damage of heart tissue. Metabolomics analyses showed that the therapeutic effect of ALRP and ZR is mainly associated with the regulation of eight metabolites and ten pathways, which may be responsible for the therapeutic efficacy of ALRP-ZR. Moreover, the results of RT-PCR showed that ALRP-ZR could substantially increase the expression level of energy metabolism-related genes, including PPARδ, PPARγ, Lpl, Scd, Fasn and Pla2g2e. CONCLUSIONS: The results highlighted the role of ALRP-ZR in the treatment of CHF by influencing the metabolites related to energy metabolism pathway via metabolomics and network pharmacology analyses.

4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(19): 4272-4276, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872709

RESUMO

In this paper,the case reports on rug-induced liver injury( ADR cases) related to Gukang Capsules containing Psoralea corylifolia( Buguzhi,BGZ) were collected from the adverse reaction monitoring database from January 1,2012 to December 31,2016,and the in-patients cases with drug-induced liver injury admitted to a tertiary Class A liver disease hospital from January 1,2010 to December 31,2016 were also collected. These collected cases were re-evaluated and analyzed. 110 cases with liver injury related to this preparation were collected from adverse reaction monitoring database,and 55 cases of them received the preparation alone,mainly for fracture treatment( 52. 74%). Ninty one cases( 82. 72%) met the standard of the biochemical diagnostic criteria for drug-induced liver injury. 89. 01% of patients were over the age of 41 and women accounted for 60. 9%. The time from administration to liver injury was 1-208 days,with the median of 29 d. The dose of the preparation was 2. 4-4. 8 g per day,with a cumulative dose ranging from 3. 6-699. 6 g. The recovery and improvement rate reached 96. 70% after positive treatment. Seven inpatient cases related to the preparation were collected in a tertiary Class A liver disease hospital,6 females and 1 male. All of them were over 40 years old. Two cases reached the " suspicious diagnosis" standard and 5 cases reached the " clinical diagnosis" standard in Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of herb-induced liver injury. Six patients had a good prognosis effect,but another one had liver failure. This preparation is commonly used in fracture,osteoarthritis and other diseases,with remarkable curative effect. However,ADR cases and hospital cases all indicated the risk of liver injury. There was no significant correlation between the time and dose of drug use and the occurrence of liver injury.The induced-liver injury may have immunological heterogeneity,thus regular monitoring of liver function should be taken during clinical use.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Adulto , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
5.
Front Pharmacol ; 10: 1326, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31780942

RESUMO

Introduction: Use of herbal medicines (HMs) is widespread across the world, with many people relying on HMs for their primary healthcare or using HMs in the context of a healthy life style. HMs originate from plant material and, as such, are often seen as "natural" and believed to be (relatively) safe by patients. Hepatobiliary disorders have been associated with numerous HMs. Aim: This paper aims to analyze reporting patterns for hepatobiliary disorders associated with HMs use from reports submitted to the WHO global database of individual case safety reports (ICSRs) VigiBase. Methods: A data extraction in VigiBase, the WHO international database of ICSR reports, was performed by the Uppsala Monitoring Centre on 2019-01-16. The dataset contained all ICSRs where an HM was identified with the UMC-assigned ATC code "V90: unspecified herbal and traditional medicine" and where the HM was classified as being either the suspected drug or an interacting drug, and containing at least one adverse reaction in the MedDRA® System Organ Class (SOC) Hepatobiliary Disorders (HBD). Descriptive analyses in Excel 2013® were used to determine general characteristics of the reports in the broad data set, including total number of reports, reporting country and patient characteristics. For single suspect herbal reports, reports categorized as "serious" according to CIOMS criteria (CIOMS), 2001) were extracted. Results: In total, 2,483 reports describing with at least one ADR in the SOC HBD were extracted from VigiBase. In total, 780 (31.4%) reports concern only one suspect HM. However, for 188 reports of these reports (24.1%), the single suspect herbal preparation contains more than one herbal ingredient. The 592 reports for single suspect herbal preparations described a total of 764 ADRs in the SOC HBD. Jaundice was the most reported ADR for these reports. Conclusion: Almost 2,500 reports for HMs and with at least one ADR coded to the MedDRA® SOC HBD were retrieved from VigiBase. Of the HBD SOC HM reports, around 25% concerned a single herbal species as the suspect "drug." Substantial issues with coding of the suspect herbal drugs were found. In-depth causality assessment of the cases is needed to draw conclusions on the strength of the relationships.

6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(16): 3435-3440, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602906

RESUMO

The aim of this paper was to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of Tripterygium wilfordii processed with licorice on DSS-induced ulcerative colitis( UC) mice and its regulation on intestinal immune system. In this study,a DSS-induced animal model of UC mice was established,with mesalazine( Mes) as a positive drug. The pharmacodynamic effects of low( PT1) and high( PT2)doses of T. wilfordii processed with licorice were analyzed by disease activity index( DAI),colon length and colon histopathological score in mice. By detecting the expression levels of TNF-α and IL-6 cytokines in the serum of mice,immunohistochemical CD3+T and Fox P3+Treg staining in the colon of mice,the anti-inflammatory and immunoregulatory effects of T. wilfordii processed with licorice on UC mice were analyzed. The hepatotoxicity of each dose of T. wilfordii processed with licorice was also analyzed by HE staining in liver tissue of mice and ALT and AST levels in serum. The results showed that the colitis symptoms of the mice in the PT1 group and the PT2 group were alleviated,the inflammatory cell infiltration was reduced. And the expression of inflammatory factors was decreased,the difference was statistically significant compared with the model group( P<0. 05). The HE staining and ALT and AST levels in the high dose group and low dose group were not significantly different from those in the normal group. The results showed that T. wilfordii processed with licorice has the anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects on UC mice,and the dose did not show significant hepatotoxicity.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Glycyrrhiza/química , Tripterygium/química , Animais , Sulfato de Dextrana , Camundongos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
7.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(16): 3454-3459, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602909

RESUMO

The present study was aimed to explore the dose-toxicity-effect relationship of Tripterygium wilfordii Hook f( TW) processed by liquorice,to establish the safe and effective therapeutic window,and further to provide scientific reference for the clinical use of TW. The toxicity and anti-inflammatory effect of six doses of raw TW and TW processed by liquorice( 0. 78,1. 56,3. 12,6. 24,12. 48,15. 60 g·kg-1) in 1-fluoro-2,4-dinitrobenzene( DNFB)-induced allergic contact dermatitis( ACD) model were mainly examined by histopathology and serum biochemistry. The liver biochemical parameters including ALT and AST,related inflammatory factors including TNF-α and IL-2,together with liver index,kidney index and the other pharmacodynamic indicators,were examined and compared. The results showed that compared with the control group,the serum levels of TNF-α and IL-2 of the model group were significantly increased( P<0. 01),which proved that the ACD model was successful. The comprehensive analysis of liver biochemical indexes,serum inflammatory factors and the other indexes showed that the safe and effective therapeutic window of TW processed by liquorice was 3. 12-12. 48 g·kg-1. The results showed the therapeutic window of TW processed by liquorice was much broader than that of raw TW. And it could provide scientific reference for the clinical rational use of TW.


Assuntos
Dermatite Alérgica de Contato/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Glycyrrhiza/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Tripterygium/química , Animais , Citocinas/sangue
8.
Hepatology ; 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31609008

RESUMO

We have read the article by Han et al. (1) and would like to express our concerns for the interpretation of this study. As reported by the authors, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) was observed in mice after exposure to aristolochic acids (AAs) alone or a combination of AAs and carbon tetrachloride.

9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(9): 1921-1926, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31342722

RESUMO

In the present study,non-targeted metabolomics technique was used to screen potentially susceptibility biomarkers in patients with mild liver function abnormalities during long-term use of Chinese herbal compound. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria,we collected 7 cases of patients with abnormal liver function during the period of complete taking Chinese herbal medicine( 60 days),and 18 cases of patients with normal liver function in re-examination from the reproductive medicine center in our hospital. Ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled with time-of-flight mass spectrometry( UPLC-Q-TOF/MS~E) technique combined with Progenesis QI software was used to analyze the differential biomarkers in serum of patients with wild liver function abnormalities and normal liver function. 11 potential biomarkers such as bilirubin,pantothenic acid,hippuric acid,sphingomyelin,palmitic acid,and oleic acid were tentatively identified. Metabolic disorders in patients with herbal-induced mild liver abnormality were mainly related to two pathways: pantothenic acid and coenzyme A biosynthesis and linoleic acid metabolism. It could provide a reference for the early warning of mild liver function abnormalities of patients that may be caused by long-term use of Chinese medicine compound in clinical application,and will lay a foundation for further understanding the endogenous substance changes in different levels of liver injury.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Hepatopatias/sangue , Metabolômica , Biomarcadores/sangue , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Espectrometria de Massas
10.
Front Pharmacol ; 10: 335, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31024306

RESUMO

Polygonum multiflorum [PM, synonym Reynoutria multiflora (Thunb.) Moldenke.], a well-known and commonly used Traditional Chinese Medicine and herbal dietary supplement for nourishing the kidney and liver, etc., has aroused wide concern for its reported potential hepatotoxicity. Previous clinical cases and experimental studies have suggested that mild immune stress (MIS) may be one of the susceptibility-related factors of idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury (IDILI) caused by PM. In this paper, we found that the same dose of PM caused abnormal liver biochemical indicators and liver tissue damage in MIS model rats, while it did not result in liver injury in normal rats, further confirming that MIS is a susceptibility factor for PM-IDILI. Plasma chemokine/cytokine profiling indicated that the MIS model group was significantly different from the other groups, showing a significant upregulation of plasma chemokines, while the MIS/PM group showed upregulated expression of chemokines or pro-inflammatory cytokines. Liver histopathological examination indicated a small amount of inflammatory cytokine infiltration in the MIS group, but no hepatocyte injury, consistent with the plasma profiles of increased chemokines and unchanged inflammatory cytokines. Notably, metabolomics characterization showed that MIS caused reprogramming of these metabolic pathways (such as phenylalanine and glutamate pathways), which was associated with acute phase reactions and inflammatory responses. These results suggested that MIS may promote an immune response to the initial cellular injury induced by PM in the liver, and MIS-induced upregulation of chemokines and metabolic reprogramming may an important mechanism that mediates the susceptibility to PM-IDILI. Furthermore, via receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves analysis, we identified 12 plasma cytokines (e.g., IP-10, MCP-1 and MIP-1α) and nine metabolomics biomarkers (e.g., L-Phenylalanine, Creatinine, and L-glutamine) with differential capabilities (all ROC AUC > 0.9) of identifying susceptibility model animals from normal ones, which might be of referable value for the clinical recognition of PM-IDILI susceptible individuals.

11.
Chemosphere ; 227: 541-550, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31004821

RESUMO

Isoniazid (INH) is a first-line anti-tuberculosis drug. INH has been detected in surface waters which may create a risk to aquatic organisms. In this study, the hepatotoxicity of INH was elucidated using zebrafish. The liver morphology, transaminase level, redox-related enzyme activity, reactive oxygen species (ROS) content and mRNA levels of liver injury-related genes were measured. The results showed that INH (4, 6 mM) significantly caused liver atrophy and increased levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) in zebrafish. INH (6 mM) led to decreased catalase (CAT) activity, glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity and glutathione (GSH) content but increased ROS and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels. Moreover, INH (6 mM) decreased expression levels of miR-122 and pparα but increased mRNA levels of ap-1 and c-jun. Furthermore, mRNA levels of factors related to endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) (grp78, atf6, perk, ire1, xbp1s and chop), apoptosis (bax, cyt, caspase-3, caspase-8 and caspase-9) and the Nrf2 signalling pathway (nrf2, ho-1, nqo1, gclm and gclc) were significantly upregulated. INH may act on hepatotoxicity in zebrafish by increasing ROS content, which weakens the antioxidant capacity, leading to ERS, cell apoptosis and liver injury. In addition, the Nrf2 signalling pathway is activated as a stress compensation mechanism during INH-induced liver injury, but it is not sufficient to counteract INH-induced hepatotoxicity.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático/efeitos dos fármacos , Isoniazida/toxicidade , Larva/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Antituberculosos/toxicidade , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/genética , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/patologia , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Larva/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/efeitos adversos , Transdução de Sinais , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/genética , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(5): 1048-1052, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30989868

RESUMO

A retrospective study was performed in drug-induced liver injury(DILI) cases associated with Dictamni Cortex(Baixianpi,BXP) Preparations,which were treated at grade Ⅲ class A liver disease hospitals from 2008 to 2016 and spontaneously reported for adverse reactions between 2012 and 2016 at HILI Cloud(hilicloud.net). The results showed 25 DLII cases associated with BXP Preparations treated at grade Ⅲ class A liver disease hospitals during the 9 years,including only 14 cases in line with the clinical diagnostic criteria of Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Herb-Induced Liver Injury. And 74 DILI cases associated with BXP Preparations spontaneously reports adverse reactions,and 18. 92% of them had unreasonable medication,including polypharmacy(21. 43%),overdose(28. 57%) and repeated dosage(50%). And 47 DILI cases used BXP Preparations to treat psoriasis and vitiligo(a total of59. 57%). The time range of taking BXP Preparations until liver injury occurred was 1-366 d,with the median of 18 d. The dose of BXP Preparations was estimated to be 0. 09-12 g·d-1. And the cumulative dosage of taking drugs until liver injury occurred was 1. 1-336 g. Obvious associations with time-toxicity as well as quantity-toxicity could not be found based on the wide range of time-toxicity relations and quantity-toxicity relations. On the basis of the study,we found that DILI cases associated with BXP Preparations commonly occurred in patients with immune diseases,such as psoriasis and vitiligo,indicating specific individual differences. The results suggested that DILI cases associated with BXP Preparations would be correlated with the property of idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury. In conclusion,the risk of liver injury clinically caused by BXP Preparations should be paid more attention,and the studies on the mechanism of idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury must be enhanced,and those on risk factors,like irrational drug use,should be strengthened. Moreover,the evaluation of the risk-to-benefit ratio is supposed to be performed for the sake of improving the risk prevention and control standards for BXP preparations,and ensuring safe and rational clinical application of BXP Preparations.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/epidemiologia , Dictamnus/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , China , Humanos , Fígado , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
13.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 238: 111813, 2019 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30910578

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Whitmania pigra Whitman (Whitmania pigra, WP), firstly recorded in the Shennong's Herbal Classic and officially listed in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, is a well-used cardiovascular protective traditional Chinese medicine derived from leeches. Traditional Chinese physicians prefer to prescribe the dried whole body of leech processed under high temperatures. It has been reported that dried WP remains clinically effective. However, the therapeutic mechanism has yet not be clearly elucidated. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study was designed to investigate the protective activity of the extract of WP in a high-molecular-weight dextran-induced blood hyperviscosity rat model, and to explore the role of WP in improving blood hyperviscosity related metabolic disorders and to clarify the possible mechanism of metabolic regulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The hemorheological parameters were measured with an automated blood rheology analyzer. Hematoxylin-eosin staining was used to observe the pathological changes in aortic tissues samples. Further, a liquid chromatography-mass-spectrometry (LC-MS)-based untargeted metabolomics approach was applied to characterize the metabolic alterations. RESULTS: WP has evident attenuating effects on blood hyperviscosity and related metabolic disorders, and the influences are distinct from those of aspirin. The results showed that WP had good effects in reducing blood viscosity and ameliorating histopathological changes in the thoracic aorta in a high molecular weight dextran-induced blood hyperviscosity rat model. The middle dose (2.5 g raw material/kg body weight) of WP exhibited effects equivalent to aspirin (100 mg/kg) on hemorheological and histopathological parameters (P > 0.05). However, when using metabolomics profiling, we found that WP could significantly improve blood hyperviscosity-related metabolic disorders and restore metabolites to normal levels; while aspirin showed little effect. With principal component analysis and orthogonal partial least-squares discriminant analysis, WP regulated many more endogenous metabolites than aspirin. With pathway enrichment analysis, the differential endogenous metabolites were involved in cysteine and methionine metabolism, TCA cycle, arachidonic acid metabolism, etc., highlighting the metabolic reprogramming potential of WP against blood hyperviscosity-induced metabolic disorders. CONCLUSIONS: The study suggest that WP has a more potent effect, but a different mechanism, than aspirin in improving either blood hyperviscosity or related metabolic disorders associated with cardio- and cerebrovascular diseases.


Assuntos
Viscosidade Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Misturas Complexas/farmacologia , Sanguessugas , Animais , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/genética , Cistationina beta-Sintase/genética , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , Pós , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
14.
BMJ Open ; 9(1): e023567, 2019 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30782709

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to evaluate the association between the concurrence of pre-existing chronic liver diseases (CLD) and worse prognosis in patients with HILI. DESIGN: A case-control study. SETTING: Tertiary hospital specialising in liver diseases in China. PARTICIPANTS: 145 hospitalised HILI patients were assessed with respect to prognosis by comparing HILI with or without pre-existing CLD from February 2007 to January 2017. Twenty-five HILI cases with pre-existing alcoholic liver disease (ALD) or non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and 200 ALD or NAFLD controls matched 1:8 for sex, age (±4 years old), body mass index (±2 kg/m2), the type of CLD, alcohol intake (±5 g/d) and the presence or absence of cirrhosis. PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Mortality and chronicity in HILI patients with or without pre-existing CLD, and matched CLD patients. RESULTS: Of the 193 714 hospitalised patients with liver diseases, 5703 patients met the diagnostic criteria for drug-induced liver injury (DILI), which was attributed to Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. (PMT) in 145 patients. Among these HILI patients, 22.8% (33 of 145) had pre-existing CLD, including 17 (51.5%) with ALD, 8 (24.2%) with NAFLD, 5 (15.2%) with chronic viral hepatitis and 3 (9.1%) with autoimmune liver disease. Compared with HILI patients without CLD, HILI patients with pre-existing CLD showed higher mortality (0.9% vs 9.1%, p=0.037) and higher chronicity (12.5% vs 30.3%, p=0.016). Compared with matched ALD (136 patients) or NAFLD (64 patients) patients, HILI patients with pre-existing ALD showed higher chronicity (35.3% vs 11.8%, p=0.019). Multivariate logistic regression analysis found that concurrence of pre-existing CLD was an independent risk factor for both of chronicity and mortality (OR 3.966, 95% CI 1.501 to 10.477, p=0.005), especially the chronicity (OR 3.035, 95% CI 1.115 to 8.259, p=0.030). CONCLUSIONS: Concurrence of pre-existing CLD could be an independent risk factor for worse prognosis, especially chronicity, in PMT-related HILI.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Fallopia multiflora/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
15.
Turk J Gastroenterol ; 30(1): 47-58, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30289391

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Herb-induced liver injury (HILI) can lead to chronic liver injury, liver transplantation, or even death. This study aimed to identify the predictors of poor HILI outcomes, especially chronic HILI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical data of 488 patients with HILI were retrospectively analyzed from a Chinese center between January 2010 and January 2014. Logistic regression and C-statistic were used to identify risk factors and prognostic models for HILI outcomes. RESULTS: In all patients, 69 (14.1%) developed chronic HILI, and 20 (4.1%) died due to liver injury or underwent liver transplantation. To predict the fatal HILI prognosis, the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) with a C-statistic of 0.981 (95%CI 0.968-0.995) was better than Hy's law (C-statistic 0.569; 95%CI 0.449-0.689). The latency, course of peak alanine aminotransferase decreasing >50% after discontinuation of herb application, peak triglyceride value, and platelet count at liver injury onset were identified as independent risk factors for chronicity with the adjusted odds ratios of 1.268 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.034-1.554), 2.303 (95%CI 1.588-3.340), 0.580 (95%CI 0.343-0.978), and 0.183 (95%CI 0.091-0.368), respectively. A prognostic model for chronic HILI based on these four factors yielded the best prediction with a C-statistic of 0.812 (95%CI 0.755-0.868), compared with MELD (C-statistic 0.506; 95%CI 0.431-0.581) and Hy's law (C-statistic 0.418; 95%CI 0.343-0.492). CONCLUSION: Model for end-stage liver disease can be used to predict the fatal prognosis of HILI. A long latency, slow recovery, and low triglyceride value and platelet counts are important determinants for chronic HILI.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/mortalidade , Transplante de Fígado/mortalidade , Plantas Medicinais/efeitos adversos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/sangue , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , China , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Contagem de Plaquetas , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Triglicerídeos/sangue
16.
Chin Med ; 13: 62, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30568725

RESUMO

Background: Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata has been used as the first cardiac drug over a 1000 years in Asian countries. Although most detoxification products are confirmed to be safe, the effect is not potent as desired. In previous study, we designed a one-step detoxification product by fresh cutting and continuously dried, which preserved more water-soluble alkaloids while eliminating toxicity. It is thus necessary to find more in vivo evidence to support its industrial development. Methods: Initially, network pharmacology was applied to analyze the related pathways of candidate components acting on heart failure diseases. Then, two heart failure models that were induced by propafenone hydrochloride and nimodipine (v/v, 1:1) and were given doxorubicin were carried out to test the cardiac activity. Moreover, the effect on mitochondrial energy metabolism was further assessed. Results: Network pharmacology results indicated that Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata treated heart failure through cAMP signaling pathway, calcium signaling pathway, adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes and so on. These pathways were highly correlated with myocardial contractility and mitochondrial energy metabolism. Trials on heart failure rats demonstrated that the novel processed-product could produce a stronger positive inotropic action and increase more Na +-K +-ATPase and Ca 2+-Mg 2+-ATPase than Heishunpian. Pathological results also revealed the novel one could better restore the morphology of cardiomyocytes and reduce vacuolar lesions. It also could inspire more energy with a lower concentration. Conclusions: This study provides scientific evidence for the clinical application of new products. It is of great benefit to innovate the industrial detoxification process of Aconitum.

17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 43(18): 3756-3763, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30384543

RESUMO

To investigate the hepatoprotective effect of Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus (SCF) on CCl4-induced liver injury, observe its effect on serum metabolites, explore its scientific connotation in liver preservation and find the biomarkers for hepatoprotective effect of SCF. Liver injury model was established by using CCl4. The pathological sections of liver tissues were observed and the contents of alanine transaminase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase (AST) in serum were determined. The metabolic skills were adopted based on ultra performance liquid chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS), principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) for screening and identification of biomarkers related to liver injury. The results showed the metabolites in blank group, model group and administration group could be easily distinguished, 50 differential compounds were identified and 7 possible metabolic pathways of liver protection were enriched. In this experiment, the hepatoprotective effect of SCF was verified, and the related metabolic pathways such as amino acid metabolism, vitamin metabolism and glycerophospholipid metabolism were discussed.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Metabolômica , Schisandra/química , Animais , Biomarcadores , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Frutas/química , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Análise de Componente Principal , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 43(9): 1901-1906, 2018 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29902903

RESUMO

The study aims to analyze the mechanisms of Hirudo in promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis based on network pharmacology. A database of chemical components of Hirudo was established through literature retrieval. The targets were predicted by using the reverse pharmacophore matching method and screened according to the antithrombotic and anticoagulant drug targets approved by FDA in the DrugBank database. Then, the targets were analyzed by KEGG pathway analysis, the protein interactions were analyzed by using BioGrid database, and the active constituents-target-pathway network model of Hirudo was established to study the mechanisms of Hirudo in promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis. This study collected 49 chemical components of Hirudo, including amino acid, polypeptide, fatty acid ester, alkaloid, glycosides, and steroid. Totally 376 targets were predicted, and 5 critical targets related to the effects of Hirudo in promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis were screened, including fibrinogen gamma chain, plasminogen, prothrombin, Urokinase-type plasminogen activator and coagulation factor X. The potential regulatory pathways included complement and coagulation cascades, platelet activation, VEGF signaling pathway, focal adhesion. This study reflects the multi-component, multi-target and multi-pathway features of Hirudo, and provides a scientific basis for elucidating the mechanisms of action of Hirudo in promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis, as well as a reference for the study of mechanisms of traditional Chinese medicine.


Assuntos
Circulação Sanguínea , Coagulação Sanguínea , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
19.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 5645, 2018 04 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29618826

RESUMO

Multiple components of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formulae determine their treatment targets for multiple diseases as opposed to a particular disease. However, discovering the unexplored therapeutic potential of a TCM formula remains challenging and costly. Inspired by the drug repositioning methodology, we propose an integrated strategy to feasibly identify new therapeutic uses for a formula composed of six herbs, Liuweiwuling. First, we developed a comprehensive systems approach to enrich drug compound-liver disease networks to analyse the major predicted diseases of Liuweiwuling and discover its potential effect on liver failure. The underlying mechanisms were subsequently predicted to mainly attribute to a blockade of hepatocyte apoptosis via a synergistic combination of multiple effects. Next, a classical pharmacology experiment was designed to validate the effects of Liuweiwuling on different models of fulminant liver failure induced by D-galactosamine/lipopolysaccharide (GalN/LPS) or thioacetamide (TAA). The results indicated that pretreatment with Liuweiwuling restored liver function and reduced lethality induced by GalN/LPS or TAA in a dose-dependent manner, which was partially attributable to the abrogation of hepatocyte apoptosis by multiple synergistic effects. In summary, the integrated strategy discussed in this paper may provide a new approach for the more efficient discovery of new therapeutic uses for TCM formulae.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Bases de Dados Factuais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Falência Hepática/classificação , Falência Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Biologia de Sistemas/métodos , Animais , Descoberta de Drogas , Galactosamina/toxicidade , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Falência Hepática/induzido quimicamente , Falência Hepática/genética , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Transdução de Sinais
20.
Chin J Integr Med ; 24(9): 696-706, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29542018

RESUMO

Herb-induced liver injury (HILI) is a type of adverse drug reactions related to using Chinese medicine (CM) or herbal medicine (HM), and is now a growing segment of drug-induced liver injury (DILI) worldwide. Owing to the complicated compositions and miscellaneous risk factors associated with the clinical usage of CM or HM, it is more challenging to diagnose and manage HILI than DILI. In the present guideline issued by the China Association of Chinese Medicine (CACM), the authors present an evidence chain-based workflow with 9 structured judgment criteria for diagnosing HILI. The 3 diagnostic ending points-suspected diagnosis, clinical diagnosis, and confirmed diagnosis-could be reached according to the length of the evidence chain acquired in the structured diagnostic workflow. Either identifying the species of CM or HM or excluding adulterations and toxin contaminants was strongly recommended to improve the level of evidence for a clinical diagnosis of HILI. In addition, the authors report that the improper use of CM, which violates the general law of CM theory, is one of the most important factors that contributes to HILI and should be avoided. By contrast, based on syndrome differentiation, some CM can also be used to treat HILI if used in accordance with the general law of CM theory. Therefore, 9 recommendations are put forward in this guideline.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/diagnóstico , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/terapia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Humanos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA