Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 339
Filtrar
1.
J Clin Med ; 12(2)2023 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36675336

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO), a pathological microbial metabolite, is demonstrated to be related to cardiovascular diseases. This study was (1) to investigate the association between TMAO and aortic stenosis and (2) to determine the prognostic value of TMAO for predicting mortality after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). METHODS: 299 consecutive patients (77 (72-81) years, 58.2% male, Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) score 5.8 (4.9-9.3)) with severe aortic stenosis and 711 patients (59 (52-66) years, 51.9% male) without aortic stenosis were included in this retrospective study. A total of 126 pairs of patients were assembled by Propensity Score Matching. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality using survival analyses stratified by TMAO quartiles. RESULTS: Patients with severe aortic stenosis had higher TMAO levels (3.18 (1.77-6.91) µmol/L vs. 1.78 (1.14-2.68) µmol/L, p < 0.001), and TMAO remained significantly higher after adjusting for baseline characteristics. Higher TMAO level was associated with higher 2-year all-cause mortality (19.2% vs. 9.5%, log-rank p = 0.028) and higher late cumulative mortality (34.2% vs. 19.1%, log-rank p = 0.004). In Cox regression multivariate analysis, higher TMAO level remained an independent predictor (hazard ratio 1.788; 95% CI 1.064-3.005, p = 0.028) of all-cause mortality after adjusting for STS score, N-terminal pro b-type natriuretic peptide, and maximum velocity. CONCLUSIONS: The TMAO level was higher in aortic stenosis patients. Elevated TMAO was associated with poor adverse outcome after TAVR.

2.
J Clin Med ; 12(1)2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36615142

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Comparative data of the Valve Academic Research Consortium (VARC-3)-defined technical success between bicuspid versus tricuspid aortic stenosis (AS) remain lacking. AIMS: We sought to compare the technical success and other clinical outcomes between patients with bicuspid and tricuspid AS receiving transcatheter aortic valve replacement. METHODS: A registration-based analysis was performed for 402 patients (211 and 191 cases of bicuspid and tricuspid AS, respectively). The primary outcome was VARC-3-defined technical success. Additional analysis was performed to assess outcomes for up to one year between the two groups. RESULTS: Bicuspid AS patients tended to be younger (74 years vs. 77 years; p < 0.001) with a lower Society of Thoracic Surgeons score (4.4% vs. 5.4%; p = 0.003). Bicuspid AS patients showed a lower prevalence of hypertension and peripheral vascular diseases. Technical failure was encountered in 17.7% of these patients, driven primarily by the high incidence of second valve implantation. The technical success rates were comparable between the bicuspid and tricuspid AS groups (82.5% vs. 82.2%, p = 0.944). Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and larger sinotubular junctional diameter (STJ) were identified as predictors of technical failure, whereas CKD, impaired left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), along with larger STJ, were predictors of cardiac technical failure. Technical failure was associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality at 30 days and 1 year, as evidenced by the Cox multivariable analysis. CONCLUSIONS: No significant differences were observed in the technical success rates and most clinical outcomes between the bicuspid and tricuspid AS groups. Technical failure conferred an increased risk for both 30-day and 1-year all-cause mortalities.

3.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 101(1): 33-43, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36480798

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether the drug-coated balloons (DCBs)-alone strategy was superior to plain old balloon angioplasty (POBA) in treating SVD remains unknown. AIMS: We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of DCBs for the treatment of coronary de novo small vessel disease (SVD) and provide further evidence for extending the clinical indications of DCBs. (ChiCTR1800014966). METHODS: Eligible patients were randomized at a 2:1 ratio to receive DCB treatment or POBA in this prospective, multicenter clinical trial. The reference vessel diameter of lesions was visually assessed to be 2.0 to 2.75 mm. The primary endpoint of the study was angiographic in-segment late luminal loss (LLL) at the 9-month follow-up to demonstrate the superiority of DCB treatment to POBA in SVD. The composite clinical endpoints included clinically driven target lesion revascularization (CD-TLR), target lesion failure (TLF), major adverse cardiac events (MACEs), and thrombosis at the 12-month follow-up. RESULTS: A total of 270 patients were enrolled (181 for DCB, 89 for POBA) at 18 centers in China. The primary endpoint of 9-month in-segment LLL in the intention-to-treat population was 0.10 ± 0.33 mm with DCB and 0.25 ± 0.38 mm with POBA (p = 0.0027). This difference indicated significant superiority of DCB treatment (95% CI: -0.22, -0.04, psuperiority = 0.0068). The rates of the clinical endpoints-CD-TLR, TLF, and MACEs-were comparable between groups. No thrombosis events were reported. CONCLUSIONS: DCB treatment of de novo SVD was superior to POBA with lower 9-month in-segment LLL. The rates of clinical events were comparable between the two devices.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão , Angioplastia com Balão , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Doenças Vasculares , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/efeitos adversos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/etiologia , Doenças Vasculares/etiologia , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis , Paclitaxel/efeitos adversos
4.
JACC Asia ; 2(5): 547-556, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36518725

RESUMO

Background: More than 90% of thromboses originate from the left atrial appendage (LAA) in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). Objectives: This study was designed to investigate the safety and efficacy of LAA closure with the Leftear device (Pulse Scientific) in NVAF patients. Methods: A prospective, multicenter, registry-based study was conducted in 200 NVAF patients with CHA2DS2-VASc (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age, diabetes, previous stroke/transient ischemic attack, vascular disease, female sex) scores ≥2. The primary safety endpoint was defined as any serious adverse events. Efficacy was assessed by a primary composite endpoint of hemorrhagic or ischemic stroke, systemic embolism, and cardiac or unexplained death at 1 year of follow-up. Results: The device was implanted in 196 patients, with 1-stop LAA closure combined with atrial fibrillation ablation implemented in 133 patients. The immediate success rate was 100%. There were serious adverse events in 9 patients (4.5%; 95% CI: 1.6%-7.4%), which mainly occurred in 1-stop LAA closure. All pericardial tamponades occurred in 6 patients with 1-stop LAA closure. No patient experienced a major bleeding event or acute device-related thrombus. During the 12-month follow-up period, the risk of the primary composite endpoint was 1.6% (95% CI: 0.3%-4.5%), and statistical noninferiority was achieved (the upper bound of 95% CI: 4.5% < the prespecified maximum annual incidence of 8.0%). Ischemic stroke occurred in 1 patient, 3 patients had incomplete LAA sealing, and no delayed device-related thrombus was found. Conclusions: LAA closure with the novel disc-like occluder shows high procedural success, satisfactory safety, and encouraging efficacy for stroke prevention in patients with NVAF. Compared with 1-stop LAA closure, single LAA closure may be more tolerable. (A multicenter, single-arm clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of left atrial appendage system for left atrial appendage occlusion in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation; ChiCTR1900023035).

5.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 1075082, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36406227

RESUMO

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3389/fbioe.2022.947918.].

6.
JACC Asia ; 2(3): 390-394, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36338402

RESUMO

Transcatheter mitral valve intervention treatment is a promising alternative therapy for patients with severe mitral regurgitation (MR). This is a multicenter, prospective, first-in-human study of transcatheter edge-to-edge repair (TEER) using a novel device for severe MR. Safety and efficacy were assessed immediately after the procedure and at 30-day follow-up. Twenty-three patients (age 70.0 ± 5.2 years) who were at high/prohibitive surgical risk underwent successful procedures without major periprocedural complications. All patients achieved residual MR ≤2+ at discharge, with 73.9% with 1+ residual MR. The left ventricular end-systolic diameter improved from 4.1 cm at baseline to 3.4 cm at 30-day follow-up. New York Heart Association functional class I/II after TEER was achieved in 87% of patients. This study demonstrated that TEER with the device was feasible and safe for the treatment of patients with severe MR. (Dragonfly-M Transcatheter Mitral Valve Repair System Early Feasibility Study; NCT04528576).

7.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 80(22): 2089-2101, 2022 11 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36424680

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the multicenter, randomized, sham-controlled FAVOR (Comparison of Quantitative Flow Ratio Guided and Angiography Guided Percutaneous Intervention in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease) III China trial, quantitative flow ratio (QFR)-based lesion selection improved 1-year clinical outcomes compared with conventional angiographic guidance for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the benefits of QFR guidance persist at 2 years, particularly for patients in whom QFR changed the revascularization strategy. METHODS: Eligible patients were randomized to a QFR-guided strategy (PCI performed only if QFR ≤0.80) or a standard angiography-guided strategy. Major adverse cardiac events (MACE), a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction (MI), or ischemia-driven revascularization occurring within 2 years were analyzed in the intention-to-treat population. RESULTS: Among 3,825 randomized participants, 2-year MACE occurred in 161 of 1,913 (8.5%) patients in the QFR-guided group and in 237 of 1,912 (12.5%) patients in the angiography-guided group (HR: 0.66; 95% CI: 0.54-0.81; P < 0.0001), driven by fewer MIs (4.0% vs 6.8%; HR: 0.58; 95% CI: 0.44-0.77; P = 0.0002) and ischemia-driven revascularizations (4.2% vs 5.8%; HR: 0.71; 95% CI: 0.53-0.95; P = 0.02) in the QFR-guided group. Landmark analysis showed consistent results within the first year and between 1-2 years (Pint = 0.99). Although the 2-year MACE rate was lower in the QFR-guided group in both patients with and without revascularization strategy changes, the extent of outcome improvement was greater (Pint = 0.009) among those patients in whom the preplanned PCI strategy was modified by QFR. CONCLUSIONS: QFR-guided lesion selection improved 2-year clinical outcomes compared with standard angiography guidance. The benefits were most pronounced among patients in whom QFR assessment altered the planned revascularization strategy. (FAVOR III China Study [The Comparison of Quantitative Flow Ratio Guided and Angiography Guided Percutaneous Intervention in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease] NCT03656848).


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Humanos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Coração , Angiografia
9.
J Clin Med ; 11(21)2022 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36362730

RESUMO

Evidence for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is scarce among patients with non-calcific aortic stenosis, and it is not known whether aortic valve calcification is associated with new cerebral ischemic lesions (CILs) that are detected by diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging. So, our study enrolled 328 patients who underwent transfemoral TAVI using a self-expanding valve between December 2016 and June 2021 from the TORCH registry (NCT02803294). A total of 34 patients were finally confirmed as non-calcific AS and the remaining 294 patients were included in the calcific AS group. Incidence of new CILs (70.6% vs. 85.7%, p = 0.022), number of lesions (2.0 vs. 3.0, p = 0.010), and lesions volume (105.0 mm3 vs. 200.0 mm3, p = 0.047) was significantly lower in the non-calcific AS group. However, the maximum and average lesion volumes were comparable between two groups. Non-calcific AS was associated with lower risk for developing new CILs by univariate logistic regression analysis [Odds ratio (OR): 0.040, 95% confident interval (CI): 0.18-0.90, p = 0.026] and multivariate analysis (OR: 0.031, 95% CI: 0.13-0.76, p = 0.010). In summary, non-calcific AS patients had a lower risk of developing new cerebral ischemic infarction after TAVI compared to calcific AS patients. However, new ischemic lesions were still found in over 70% of patients.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36223050

RESUMO

Irisin, a myokine mainly secreted by skeletal and cardiac muscles, is actively involved in cardiovascular diseases. However, whether irisin is associated with aortic stenosis remains unknown. Two hundred ninety-three severe AS patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation were enrolled and followed-up for 35 months on average. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was applied to measure circulating irisin levels. Patients were divided into two groups based on the median plasma irisin level. We found that high plasma irisin levels were independently associated with pure aortic stenosis (PAS) after adjusting for age, body mass index, history of peripheral vascular disease, and creatinine (OR = 3.015, 95% CI 1.775-5.119, P < 0.001). ROC curve analysis showed a significant predictive value of irisin for PAS (AUC = 0.647, 95% CI 0.583-0.711, P < 0.001). The severity of aortic valve calcification was negatively associated with plasma irisin levels (P < 0.05). In conclusion, irisin is an independent predictor for PAS and is negatively associated with the severity of aortic valve calcification.

11.
Theranostics ; 12(15): 6809-6825, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36185605

RESUMO

Rationale: Pathogenesis of human coronary atherosclerosis is tightly associated with the imbalance of inflammation and resolution in the local immune microenvironment of AS plaques. However, how the peripheral immune system dynamically changes along with disease progression in humans remains unclear. As a result, the minimally-invasive clinical biomarkers that can sensitively distinguish different stages of human coronary atherosclerosis are still lacking. Methods: We performed single-cell Cytometry by Time-Of-Flight (CyTOF) analyses to comprehensively profile the compositions and phenotypes of CD45+ cells derived from 83 human peripheral blood samples with two independent antibody-staining panels (T cell panel and myeloid cell panel). Clinical associations between the frequencies of peripheral immune cell subsets with AS plaque burdens of coronary arteries (Gensini score) and serum lipids were also examined. By integrating immune and clinical features, we established novel CVD risk prediction models to stratify patients in different disease stages. Results: We revealed the disease stage-associated peripheral immune features for patients with coronary atherosclerosis (CAS) and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), and also identified the specific peripheral immune cell subsets that were tightly associated with the disease severity of coronary arteries (Gensini score). By integrating these peripheral immune signatures with clinical features, we have established a disease progression prediction (DPP) model that could precisely discriminate CAS patients from ASCVD patients with high prediction accuracy (ROC-AUC = 0.88). Conclusion: The progression of coronary atherosclerosis is accompanied by significant alterations of the peripheral immune system, including the changes in the distributions as well as phenotypic functions of specific immune cell subsets. The indicated stage-specific peripheral immune signatures thus become promising minimally-invasive liquid biomarkers that could help to potentially diagnose and monitor the CVD progression in humans.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Placa Aterosclerótica , Biomarcadores , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Lipídeos , Análise de Célula Única
12.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 80(13): 1254-1264, 2022 09 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36137676

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The clinical utility of the quantitative flow ratio (QFR), a novel angiography-based index for the functional assessment of coronary stenoses, has recently been demonstrated in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to ascertain whether the beneficial outcomes of QFR guidance for lesion selection during PCI is affected by diabetes status. METHODS: This substudy from the FAVOR III China trial, in which diabetes was one of the prespecified factors for stratified randomization, compared clinical outcomes of QFR-guided vs angiography-guided PCI lesion selection according to the presence of diabetes. The primary endpoint was the 1-year risk of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) (a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, or ischemia-driven revascularization). RESULTS: Among 3,825 patients enrolled, 1,295 (33.9%) had diabetes, 347 (26.8%) of whom were treated with insulin. Baseline characteristics were well balanced between treatment arms in both diabetic and nondiabetic patients. Compared with standard angiography-based lesion selection, the QFR-guided strategy consistently reduced the risk of 1-year MACE in both diabetic patients (6.2% vs 9.6%; HR: 0.64; 95% CI: 0.43-0.95) and nondiabetic patients (5.6% vs 8.3%; HR: 0.66; 95% CI: 0.49-0.89) (Pinteraction = 0.88). Among patients in whom PCI was deferred after QFR, the risk of 1-year MACE was similar in patients with and without diabetes (4.5% vs 6.2%; P = 0.51). CONCLUSIONS: A QFR-guided lesion selection strategy improves PCI outcomes compared with standard angiography guidance in patients both with and without diabetes. (The Comparison of Quantitative Flow Ratio Guided and Angiography Guided Percutaneous Intervention in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease [FAVOR III China Study]; NCT03656848).


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Diabetes Mellitus , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Insulinas , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Angiografia Coronária , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 947918, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36147537

RESUMO

Recent advances in the field of optical tweezer technology have shown intriguing potential for applications in cardiovascular medicine, bringing this laboratory nanomechanical instrument into the spotlight of translational medicine. This article summarizes cardiovascular system findings generated using optical tweezers, including not only rigorous nanomechanical measurements but also multifunctional manipulation of biologically active molecules such as myosin and actin, of cells such as red blood cells and cardiomyocytes, of subcellular organelles, and of microvessels in vivo. The implications of these findings in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, as well as potential perspectives that could also benefit from this tool, are also discussed.

14.
N Engl J Med ; 387(9): 779-789, 2022 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36053504

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In patients with coronary artery disease who are being evaluated for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), procedures can be guided by fractional flow reserve (FFR) or intravascular ultrasonography (IVUS) for decision making regarding revascularization and stent implantation. However, the differences in clinical outcomes when only one method is used for both purposes are unclear. METHODS: We randomly assigned 1682 patients who were being evaluated for PCI for the treatment of intermediate stenosis (40 to 70% occlusion by visual estimation on coronary angiography) in a 1:1 ratio to undergo either an FFR-guided or IVUS-guided procedure. FFR or IVUS was to be used to determine whether to perform PCI and to assess PCI success. In the FFR group, PCI was to be performed if the FFR was 0.80 or less. In the IVUS group, the criteria for PCI were a minimal lumen area measuring either 3 mm2 or less or measuring 3 to 4 mm2 with a plaque burden of more than 70%. The primary outcome was a composite of death, myocardial infarction, or revascularization at 24 months after randomization. We tested the noninferiority of the FFR group as compared with the IVUS group (noninferiority margin, 2.5 percentage points). RESULTS: The frequency of PCI was 44.4% among patients in the FFR group and 65.3% among those in the IVUS group. At 24 months, a primary-outcome event had occurred in 8.1% of the patients in the FFR group and in 8.5% of those in the IVUS group (absolute difference, -0.4 percentage points; upper boundary of the one-sided 97.5% confidence interval, 2.2 percentage points; P = 0.01 for noninferiority). Patient-reported outcomes as reported on the Seattle Angina Questionnaire were similar in the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with intermediate stenosis who were being evaluated for PCI, FFR guidance was noninferior to IVUS guidance with respect to the composite primary outcome of death, myocardial infarction, or revascularization at 24 months. (Funded by Boston Scientific; FLAVOUR ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02673424.).


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Constrição Patológica , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos
15.
JACC Basic Transl Sci ; 7(7): 697-712, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35958694

RESUMO

There are currently no pharmacological therapies for calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD). Here, we evaluated the role of protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) inhibition in CAVD. Up-regulation of PTP1B was critically involved in calcified human aortic valve, and PTP1B inhibition had beneficial effects in preventing fibrocalcific response in valvular interstitial cells and LDLR-/- mice. In addition, we reported a novel function of PTP1B in regulating mitochondrial homeostasis by interacting with the OPA1 isoform transition in valvular interstitial cell osteogenesis. Thus, these findings have identified PTP1B as a potential target for preventing aortic valve calcification in patients with CAVD.

16.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 922534, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35990970

RESUMO

Cardiac dysfunction is a common complication of sepsis with high mortality. The present study was designed to identify the effect of neutrophil-derived lipocalin-2 (LCN2) in septic cardiac dysfunction (SCD) and its potential mechanism. Wild-type (WT) and LCN2-knockout (LCN2 KO) mice were peritoneally injected with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to induce SCD. The cardiac function was assessed 12 h after LPS injection by echocardiography. Cardiac tissue was harvested for the evaluation of malonaldehyde (MDA) and prostaglandin E synthase 2 (PTGS2) mRNA levels. LPS induced ferroptosis and SCD in mice. LCN2 deficiency attenuated cardiac injury post-LPS administration. In vitro, LCN2 expression in neutrophils increased in response to LPS. Ferroptosis of cardiomyocytes induced by conditioned medium (CM) from LPS-induced neutrophils of WT mice could be attenuated in CM from LPS-induced neutrophils of LCN2 KO mice. Exogenous LCN2 induced H9C2 cell ferroptosis via increasing labile iron pool (LIP). In conclusion, our results showed that LCN2 deficiency prevented heart dysfunction and ferroptosis in SCD mice and suggested that neutrophil-derived LCN2 might be a promising therapeutic target for SCD.

17.
Int J Cardiol Heart Vasc ; 42: 101101, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35937949

RESUMO

Background: Decreased length of stay in the index hospitalization is a tendency in transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) era. In this study, we aim to evaluate the feasibility and safety of next-day discharge (NDD) in bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) patients following TAVR. Methods: The study analyzed patients who received TAVR in 2019 to 2022. Thirty-day mortality and readmission rate were compared between BAV and tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) patients. Results: The proportion of NDD was similar between the BAV and TAV group (45.3 % vs 41.3 %, p = 0.487). In NDD patients, the lower age (72.0 [67.0, 77.0] yrs vs 74.0 [70.0, 80.0] yrs, p = 0.011) and STS score (2.33 [1.56, 3.54] % vs 3.82 [2.38, 5.70] %, p < 0.001) were observed in the BAV group. The NDD BAV patients had higher proportion of post-dilatation (74.3 % vs 50.7 %, p = 0.003) when compared with the TAV patients. The NDD patients was safe with no death both in BAV and TAV patients at 30-day follow-up. Moreover, the readmission rate was comparable between BAV and TAV patients who discharged on the next day after TAVR (8.1 % vs 14.0 %, p = 0.397). Conclusions: NDD after TAVR was feasible and safe in both BAV and TAV patients. The younger BAV patients with fast recovery deserve the next-day discharge after TAVR.

18.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 931595, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35966563

RESUMO

Background: Coronary occlusion is an uncommon but fatal complication of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) with a poor prognosis. Case Presentation: A patient with symptomatic severe bicuspid aortic valve stenosis was admitted to a high-volume center specializing in transfemoral TAVR with self-expanding valves. No anatomical risk factors of coronary occlusion were identified on pre-procedural computed tomography analysis. The patient was scheduled for a transfemoral TAVR with a self-expanding valve. Balloon pre-dilatation prior to prosthesis implantation was routinely used for assessing the supra-annular structure and assessing the risk of coronary occlusion. Immediately after the tubular balloon inflation, fluoroscopy revealed that the right coronary artery was not visible, and the flow in the left coronary artery was reduced. The patient would be at high-risk of coronary occlusion if a long stent self-expanding valve was implanted. Therefore, our heart team decided to suspend the ongoing procedure. A transapical TAVR with a 23 mm J-valve was performed 3 days later. The prosthesis was deployed at a proper position without blocking the coronary ostia and the final fluoroscopy showed normal flow in bilateral coronary arteries with the same filling as preoperatively. Discussion: Our successful case highlights the importance of a comprehensive assessment of coronary risk and a thorough understanding of the TAVR procedure for the heart team. A short-stent prosthesis is feasible for patients at high risk of coronary occlusion. Most importantly TAVR should be called off even if the catheter has been introduced when an extremely high risk of coronary obstruction is identified during the procedure and no solution can be found.

19.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 80(6): 584-594, 2022 08 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35926931

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ivabradine has potent actions in reducing heart rate and improving clinical outcomes of chronic heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). At present, only the short-acting formulation of ivabradine is available that needs to be administered twice daily. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the role of ivabradine hemisulfate sustained release (SR), a novel long-acting formulation of ivabradine dosed once daily, in stable patients with HFrEF. METHODS: Patients with stabilized HFrEF in New York Heart Association functional class II-IV were enrolled and randomized to receive placebo or ivabradine SR in addition to standard medications. The primary endpoint was the change of left ventricular (LV) end-systolic volume index from baseline to week 32. RESULTS: We randomly assigned 181 patients to placebo and 179 patients to ivabradine SR. After 32 weeks, a significant improvement of LV end-systolic volume index from baseline was observed in both arms with a greater effect in the ivabradine SR arm. Ivabradine SR therapy also exhibited superiority in improving LV end-diastolic volume index, LV ejection fraction, resting heart rate, the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire score, and hospital admission for heart failure worsening and cardiovascular disease in comparison to placebo. Overall adverse events showed no difference between the treatment arms. There were fewer occurrences of worsening heart failure in the ivabradine SR arm. CONCLUSIONS: The present study demonstrates that ivabradine SR once daily in addition to optimum standard therapy improved heart function in patients with HFrEF. (Clinical Trial of Systolic Heart Failure Treatment of IvabRadine Hemisulfate Sustained-release Tablets [FIRST]; NCT02188082).


Assuntos
Fármacos Cardiovasculares , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda , Benzazepinas/uso terapêutico , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Preparações de Ação Retardada/farmacologia , Preparações de Ação Retardada/uso terapêutico , Método Duplo-Cego , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/tratamento farmacológico , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Ivabradina/uso terapêutico , Volume Sistólico , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/induzido quimicamente , Função Ventricular Esquerda
20.
Circ Res ; : 101161CIRCRESAHA122320538, 2022 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35861735

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac fibrosis is a common pathological feature associated with adverse clinical outcome in postinjury remodeling and has no effective therapy. Using an unbiased transcriptome analysis, we identified FMO2 (flavin-containing monooxygenase 2) as a top-ranked gene dynamically expressed following myocardial infarction (MI) in hearts across different species including rodents, nonhuman primates, and human. However, the functional role of FMO2 in cardiac remodeling is largely unknown. METHODS: Single-nuclei transcriptome analysis was performed to identify FMO2 after MI; FMO2 ablation rats were generated both in genetic level using the CRISPR-cas9 (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat-associated 9) technology and lentivirus-mediated manner. Gain-of-function experiments were conducted using postn-promoter FMO2, miR1a/miR133a-FMO2 lentivirus, and enzymatic activity mutant FMO2 lentivirus after MI. RESULTS: A significant downregulation of FMO2 was consistently observed in hearts after MI in rodents, nonhuman primates, and patients. Single-nuclei transcriptome analysis showed cardiac expression of FMO2 was enriched in fibroblasts rather than myocytes. Elevated spontaneous tissue fibrosis was observed in the FMO2-null animals without external stress. In contrast, fibroblast-specific expression of FMO2 markedly reduced cardiac fibrosis following MI in rodents and nonhuman primates associated with diminished SMAD2/3 phosphorylation. Unexpectedly, the FMO2-mediated regulation in fibrosis and SMAD2/3 signaling was independent of its enzymatic activity. Rather, FMO2 was detected to interact with CYP2J3 (cytochrome p450 superfamily 2J3). Binding of FMO2 to CYP2J3 disrupted CYP2J3 interaction with SMURF2 (SMAD-specific E3 ubiquitin ligase 2) in cytosol, leading to increased cytoplasm to nuclear translocation of SMURF2 and consequent inhibition of SMAD2/3 signaling. CONCLUSIONS: Loss of FMO2 is a conserved molecular signature in postinjury hearts. FMO2 possesses a previously uncharacterized enzyme-independent antifibrosis activity via the CYP2J3-SMURF2 axis. Restoring FMO2 expression exerts potent ameliorative effect against fibrotic remodeling in postinjury hearts from rodents to nonhuman primates. Therefore, FMO2 is a potential therapeutic target for treating cardiac fibrosis following injury.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...