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1.
Food Chem ; 319: 126539, 2020 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32193060

RESUMO

Two molecularly imprinted microspheres and two fluorescent tracers for benzimidazoles and pyrethroids were synthesized respectively. The two types of microspheres were coated in the wells of conventional microplate simultaneously. Then the sample extracts and the two traces were added for differential competition. The fluorescence intensities at two different emission wavelengths were excited and recorded for quantification of the two classes of drugs respectively. The optimized multiplexed fluorescence method could be used to determine 8 benzimidazoles and 10 pyrethroids in mutton and beef samples simultaneously. The limits of detection of the method for the 18 drugs were in the range of 5.2-17 ng/mL, and the recoveries from the standards fortified blank samples were in the range of 67.7%-109%. From the analysis of 60 real mutton and beef samples, this method could be used for multi-screening the residues of benzimidazoles and pyrethroids in meat samples.

2.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(12): 13686-13697, 2020 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32150378

RESUMO

Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) with proper surface functionalization have been extensively applied as labels for magnetic immunoassays, carriers for controlled drug/gene delivery, tracers and contrasts for magnetic imaging, etc. Here, we introduce a new biosensing scheme based on magnetic particle spectroscopy (MPS) and the self-assembly of MNPs to quantitatively detect H1N1 nucleoprotein molecules. MPS monitors the harmonics of oscillating MNPs as a metric for the freedom of rotational process, thus indicating the bound states of MNPs. These harmonics can be readily collected from nanogram quantities of iron oxide nanoparticles within 10 s. The H1N1 nucleoprotein molecule hosts multiple different epitopes that forms binding sites for many IgG polyclonal antibodies. Anchoring IgG polyclonal antibodies onto MNPs triggers the cross-linking between MNPs and H1N1 nucleoprotein molecules, thereby forming MNP self-assemblies. Using MPS and the self-assembly of MNPs, we were able to detect as low as 44 nM (4.4 pmole) H1N1 nucleoprotein. In addition, the morphologies and the hydrodynamic sizes of the MNP self-assemblies are characterized to verify the MPS results. Different MNP self-assembly models such as classical cluster, open ring tetramer, and chain model as well as multimers (from dimer to pentamer) are proposed in this paper. Herein, we claim the feasibility of using MPS and the self-assembly of MNPs as a new biosensing scheme for detecting ultralow concentrations of target biomolecules, which can be employed as rapid, sensitive, and wash-free magnetic immunoassays.

3.
Luminescence ; 35(1): 120-128, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31486187

RESUMO

The residues of pyrethroids in foods of animal origin are dangerous to the consumers, so this study presented a chemiluminescence sensor for determination of pyrethroids in chicken samples. A dual-dummy-template molecularly imprinted polymer capable of recognizing 10 pyrethroids was synthesized. The results of computation simulation showed that the specific 3D conformations of the templates had important influences on the polymer' recognition ability. The polymer was used to prepare a sensor on conventional 96-well microplates, and the sample solution was added into the wells for direct absorption. The absorbed analytes were initiated with the bis(2,4,6-trichlorophenyl)oxalate-H2 O2 -imidazole system, and the chemiluminescence intensity was used for analyte quantification. Results showed that one assay was finished within 12 min, and this sensor could be reused four times. The limits of detection for the 10 analytes were in the range o0.3-6.0 pg/ml, and the recoveries from the standards of fortified blank chicken samples were in the range 70.5-99.7%.

4.
Food Chem ; 311: 125966, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31862567

RESUMO

A hapten of sulfabenzamide was first synthesized to generate a monoclonal antibody that simultaneously recognized 32 sulfonamides. The computational simulation showed that the 3D conformation, molecular bend angle, molecular volume, electronic charge of core structure of these drugs all showed influences on the antibody binding. The antibody was combined with a heterologous enzyme-labeled hapten to develop a direct competitive chemiluminescence enzyme linked immunosorbent assay for determination of the 32 sulfonamides in chicken muscle sample. The CRs of the optimized method for these drugs were in the range of 7.3%-1778%, and the IC50 values were in the range of 0.038-11.2 ng/g. The limits of detection for detection of these drugs in chicken were in the range of 0.03-26 ng/g. Their recoveries from the standards fortified blank chicken samples were in the range of 60.8%-97.1%. Therefore, this method could be used as a useful tool for routine screening sulfonamides residues in meat.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/imunologia , Galinhas/metabolismo , Imunoensaio/métodos , Músculos/química , Sulfonamidas/análise , Animais , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Haptenos/química , Medições Luminescentes , Músculos/metabolismo , Sulfonamidas/química , Sulfonamidas/imunologia
5.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(21): 9264-9279, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683259

RESUMO

This study explored the influence of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) SNHG14 on α-synuclein (α-syn) expression and Parkinson's disease (PD) pathogenesis. Firstly, we found that the expression level of SNHG14 was elevated in brain tissues of PD mice. In MN9D cells, the rotenone treatment (1µmol/L) enhanced the binding between transcriptional factor SP-1 and SNHG14 promoter, thus promoting SNHG14 expression. Interference of SNHG14 ameliorated the DA neuron injury induced by rotenone. Next, we found an interaction between SNHG14 and miR-133b. Further study showed that miR-133b down-regulated α-syn expression by targeting its 3'-UTR of mRNA and SNHG14 could reverse the negative effect of miR-133b on α-syn expression. Interference of SNHG14 reduced rotenone-induced DA neuron damage through miR-133b in MN9D cells and α-syn was responsible for the protective effect of miR-133b. Similarly, interference of SNHG14 mitigated neuron injury in PD mouse model. All in all, silence of SNHG14 mitigates dopaminergic neuron injury by down-regulating α-syn via targeting miR-133b, which contributes to improving PD.

6.
Cancer Med ; 8(18): 7774-7780, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31670906

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is one of the most common causes of cancer-associated mortality among affected women in the world. At present, treatment with weekly cisplatin plus ionizing radiation (IR) therapy is the standard regimen for cervical cancer, especially for locally advanced cervical cancer. The purpose of this study is to determine whether FEN1 inhibitors could enhance the therapeutic effect of IR therapy. METHODS: Western blot was applied to determine the expression of FEN1- and apoptosis-related proteins. Cell growth inhibition assay and colony formation assay were used to determine the effects of FEN1 inhibitor and IR exposure for Hela cells in vitro. CRISPR technology was used to knockdown FEN1 expression level of 293T cells, and tumor xenograft in nude mice was employed to determine the effects of FEN1 inhibitor and IR exposure on tumor growth in vivo. RESULTS: Our data revealed that FEN1 is overexpressed in HeLa cell and can be upregulated further by IR. We also demonstrated that FEN1 inhibitor enhances IR sensitivity of cervical cancer in vitro and in vivo. CONCLUSION: FEN1 inhibitor SC13 could sensitize radiotherapy of cervical cancer cell.

7.
Anim Nutr ; 5(3): 307-313, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31528734

RESUMO

The objective of this paper was to evaluate the effect of vanadium (V) in high-fat diets sourced from egg yolk on body weight gain, feed intake, blood characteristics and antioxidative status of Wistar rats. A total of 72 female Wistar rats were allocated according to a 2 × 4 factorial design throughout a 5-wk trial, including 2 levels of dietary fat (normal and high; ether extract 40.3 and 301.2 g/kg; fat sourced from egg yolk) and 4 levels of dietary V (0, 3, 15 and 30 mg/kg). Vanadium decreased (P ≤ 0.05) body weight gain (V at 30mg/kg during wk 1 and 2; V at 15 and 30 mg/kg during the overall phase), feed intake (V at 30 mg/kg during wk 3 and the overall phase; V at 15 and 30 mg/kg during wk 4), but increased the relative weight of liver (V at 30 mg/kg, P ≤ 0.05). Moreover, increasing dietary V significantly increased (P ≤ 0.05) plasma aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase and malondialdehyde levels and decreased triglyceride level, and V at 30 mg/kg in high-fat treatment had the highest or lowest values (interaction, P ≤ 0.05). Under the same dietary V dose, V residual content in liver (dietary V at 15 and 30 mg/kg) and kidney (dietary V at 15 mg/kg) was higher in high-fat diet treatment compared with normal-fat diet treatment (P ≤ 0.05). In conclusion, it is suggested that V could decrease the body weight together with the feed intake, and the high fat could enhance oxidative stress induced by V of Wistar rats.

8.
Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) ; 70: 153-157, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31521918

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Because its mechanical properties are similar to cortical bones of the knee, polyetheretherketone (PEEK) material has been used to make total knee arthroplasty (TKA) components. This study investigated the PEEK femoral component deformation of a TKA system and compared the data with that of a cobalt-chromium (CoCr) component. METHODS: A 3D finite element knee model was constructed using CT images of a normal subject. A knee prosthesis was installed on the model to simulate a TKA knee. The material properties of the bone were assumed linear and transverse isotropic. The femoral component was modeled using a PEEK or CoCr material. A compressive load was applied to the knee at full extension. Tibiofemoral contact stresses and femoral component deformations were analyzed. FINDINGS: Under a 3 kN load, the maximal Von-Mises stresses in the femoral component were 14.39 MPa and 30.05 MPa for the PEEK and CoCr components, respectively. At the tibial polyethylene surface, the CoCr femoral component caused higher contact stresses (>2.2%) than the PEEK component. The deformation of the PEEK component was over 3 times larger than that of the CoCr component (0.65 × 10-3 mm vs 0.2 × 10-3 mm). INTERPRETATION: The PEEK femoral component could result in lower contact stresses, but larger deformations in the TKA knee compared to the CoCr component. An increased deformation of the PEEK component indicates a reduction in its structural strength. Future investigation should examine if the reduced structural strength will affect the in-vivo component-bone interface integration and affect the component fatigue life.

9.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(33): 4945-4958, 2019 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31543685

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) is a commonly used biomarker in colorectal cancer. However, controversy exists regarding the insufficient prognostic value of preoperative serum CEA alone in rectal cancer. Here, we combined preoperative serum CEA and the maximum tumor diameter to correct the CEA level, which may better reflect the malignancy of rectal cancer. AIM: To assess the prognostic impact of preoperative CEA/tumor size in rectal cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 696 stage I to III rectal cancer patients who underwent curative tumor resection from 2007 to 2012. These patients were randomly divided into two cohorts for cross-validation: training cohort and validation cohort. The training cohort was used to generate an optimal cutoff point and the validation cohort was used to further validate the model. Maximally selected rank statistics were used to identify the optimum cutoff for CEA/tumor size. The Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test were used to plot the survival curve and to compare the survival data. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to determine the prognostic value of CEA/tumor size. The primary and secondary outcomes were overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS), respectively. RESULTS: In all, 556 patients who satisfied both the inclusion and exclusion criteria were included and randomly divided into the training cohort (2/3 of 556, n = 371) and the validation cohort (1/3 of 556, n = 185). The cutoff was 2.429 ng/mL per cm. Comparison of the baseline data showed that high CEA/tumor size was correlated with older age, high TNM stage, the presence of perineural invasion, high CEA, and high carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA 19-9). Kaplan-Meier curves showed a manifest reduction in 5-year OS (training cohort: 56.7% vs 81.1%, P < 0.001; validation cohort: 58.8% vs 85.6%, P < 0.001) and DFS (training cohort: 52.5% vs 71.9%, P = 0.02; validation cohort: 50.3% vs 79.3%, P = 0.002) in the high CEA/tumor size group compared with the low CEA/tumor size group. Univariate and multivariate analyses identified CEA/tumor size as an independent prognostic factor for OS (training cohort: hazard ratio (HR) = 2.18, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.28-3.73, P = 0.004; validation cohort: HR = 4.83, 95%CI: 2.21-10.52, P < 0.001) as well as DFS (training cohort: HR = 1.47, 95%CI: 0.93-2.33, P = 0.096; validation cohort: HR = 2.61, 95%CI: 1.38-4.95, P = 0.003). CONCLUSION: Preoperative CEA/tumor size is an independent prognostic factor for patients with stage I-III rectal cancer. Higher CEA/tumor size is associated with worse OS and DFS.


Assuntos
Antígeno Carcinoembrionário/sangue , Protectomia , Neoplasias Retais/mortalidade , Reto/patologia , Carga Tumoral , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Período Pré-Operatório , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Retais/sangue , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Reto/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
10.
Nanotechnology ; 30(50): 502003, 2019 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31491782

RESUMO

Nanomaterials, in addition to their small size, possess unique physicochemical properties that differ from bulk materials, making them ideal for a host of novel applications. Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) are one important class of nanomaterials that have been widely studied for their potential applications in nanomedicine. Due to the fact that MNPs can be detected and manipulated by remote magnetic fields, it opens a wide opportunity for them to be used in vivo. Nowadays, MNPs have been used for diverse applications including magnetic biosensing (diagnostics), magnetic imaging, magnetic separation, drug and gene delivery, and hyperthermia therapy, etc. Specifically, we reviewed some emerging techniques in magnetic diagnostics such as magnetoresistive (MR) and micro-Hall (µHall) biosensors, as well as the magnetic particle spectroscopy, magnetic relaxation switching and surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS)-based bioassays. Recent advances in applying MNPs as contrast agents in magnetic resonance imaging and as tracer materials in magnetic particle imaging are reviewed. In addition, the development of high magnetic moment MNPs with proper surface functionalization has progressed exponentially over the past decade. To this end, different MNP synthesis approaches and surface coating strategies are reviewed and the biocompatibility and toxicity of surface functionalized MNP nanocomposites are also discussed. Herein, we are aiming to provide a comprehensive assessment of the state-of-the-art biological and biomedical applications of MNPs. This review is not only to provide in-depth insights into the different synthesis, biofunctionalization, biosensing, imaging, and therapy methods but also to give an overview of limitations and possibilities of each technology.

11.
Int J Surg ; 71: 132-139, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31561009

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIM: Active abdominal compression-decompression cardiopulmonary resuscitation (AACD-CPR), which applies to cardiac arrests with contraindication of standard chest compressions (SCC) CPR, has been utilized in cardiac arrest. However, the efficacy and safety of AACD-CPR still remained controversy. This analysis was designed to comprehensively compare AACD versus SCC-CPR in patients with cardiac arrest. METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and CNKI up to April 22, 2019. Mean difference (MD) and risk ratio (RR) with its 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated to compare outcomes of the groups. Our primary outcomes were restoration of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) and short-term survival. Two reviewers assessed trial quality and extracted data independently. All statistical analyses were performed using standard statistical procedures provided in Review Manager 5.2 and Stata 12.0. RESULTS: A total of seventeen studies (N = 1647 patients) were identified for the present analysis. Compared with standard CPR, AACD-CPR was superior in restoration of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) and short-term survival, with pooled RRs of 1.38 (95% CI 1.23-1.55; P < 0.00001) and RRs of 2.05 (95% CI 1.69-2.50; P < 0.00001) respectively. In addition, significant superiority of AACD-CPR was found in incidence of fracture, long-term survival, pressure of end-tidal carbon dioxide (PETCO2), coronary perfusion pressure (CPP) and adverse events. No significant difference was observed in incidence of vomiting. CONCLUSIONS: Generally, in this combined analysis we found a statistically significant improvement in survival and ROSC with the use of AACD-CPR as compared with the use of standard CPR. There was also significant improvement in incidence of fracture, long-term survival, PETCO2 and CPP with AACD-CPR in comparison with standard CPR; results were not statistically different between the groups regarding to vomiting rate and adverse events. The standardized, diversified and individualized methods of clinical operation of AACD-CPR need exploration and expectingly serve as a guideline for clinical application of AACD-CPR in the future.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/efeitos adversos , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Parada Cardíaca/terapia , Ressuscitação/efeitos adversos , Ressuscitação/métodos , Abdome , Idoso , Contraindicações , Feminino , Humanos , Pressão Negativa da Região Corporal Inferior/efeitos adversos , Pressão Negativa da Região Corporal Inferior/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Pressão , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Tórax , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Neurosci Lett ; 711: 134412, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31381959

RESUMO

Erythropoietin (EPO) has an exact neuroprotective effect on stroke. However, it remains unknown whether it participates in axonal sprouting after neuron damage. Growth and differentiation factor 10 (GDF10) has been shown to be a trigger of axonal sprouting after stroke. Hence, it was hypothesized that EPO promotes axonal sprouting mainly through GDF10. In the present in vitro experiment, it was found that EPO could promote axonal sprouting and GDF10 expression in a dose-dependent manner. The knockdown of GDF10 using siRNA abolished the effect of EPO-mediated axonal sprouting, indicating that GDF10 is the executor of EPO-mediated axonal sprouting. The treatment of neurons with nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) inhibitor JSH-23 could inhibit the accumulation of NF-κB phospho-p65 (p-p65) in the nucleus, the upregualtion of GDF10 and extending of axonal length. Furthermore, the addition of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) inhibitor CEP-33779 or phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor LY294002 to the culture medium also blocked the nuclear translocation of p-p65, the expression of GDF10, and axonal sprouting, suggesting that EPO induces axonal sprouting via activating cellular JAK2 and PI3K signaling. Impeding JAK2 signaling with CEP-33779 can suppress the phosphorylation of PI3K, and this confirms that the upstream of PI3K signaling is JAK2. These present results provide a novel insight into the role of EPO and the molecular mechanism of axonal sprouting, which is beneficial for the development of novel approaches for neurological recovery after brain injury, including stroke.

13.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 30(6): 2109-2115, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257786

RESUMO

Light trap is commonly used in protecting Anguilla marmorata resource and improving the attraction of eel passage entrance. In this study, a self-made multifunctional round pool was used to explore the phototaxis of elvers (A. marmorata) under three conditions. 3 W underwater landscape lamp was used as the light source. The results showed that the percentages of juvenile A. marmorata occurrence in light zone and dark zone were (8.7±0.3)% and (3.6±1.7)%, (8.4±0.2)% and (5.0±1.4)%, (9.0±0.2)% and (1.9±1.3)% respectively under three conditions. Moreover, most glass eel distributed in the light zone, while elver (or elver develop) distributed in the dark zone. The primary regions of fish occurrence and its percentages were yellow zone [(29.4±4.9)%], red zone [(24.1±3.9)%)] and purple zone [(17.2±4.0)%] for condition one, yellow zone [(29.4±3.3)%], purple zone [(25.2±3.7)%] and red zone [(18.2±2.9)%] for condition two, and red zone [(33.3±2.3)%], purple zone [(25.6±3.8)%] and yellow zone [(20.7±5.7)%] for condition three. Correspondingly, the top three regions of fish first entering were red, yellow and purple, red, purple and yellow, and red, purple and yellow, respectively. The number of entering and exiting for fish in those three color zones was between blue-green zone and colorful zone. Visual fatigue would occur for elvers with continuous exposure to red light or yellow light. Our results suggested that the phototaxis of elvers is dependent on their developmental stages. Glass eels have phototaxis and seem to be more interesting in red, yellow, and purple light. Light guidance fish is available in the entrance of eel passage, which can help glass eels find the migration channels.


Assuntos
Anguilla , Fototaxia , Animais , Cor , Luz
14.
Nano Lett ; 19(8): 4836-4844, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31283247

RESUMO

We investigated spin-to-charge conversion in sputtered Bi43Se57/Co20Fe60B20 heterostructures with in-plane magnetization at room temperature. High spin-to-charge conversion voltage signals have been observed at room temperature. The transmission electron microscope images show that the sputtered bismuth selenide thin films are nanogranular in structure. The spin-pumping voltage decreases with an increase in the size of the grains. The inverse Edelstein effect length (λIEE) is estimated to be as large as 0.32 nm. The large λIEE is due to the spin-momentum locking and is further enhanced by quantum confinement in the nanosized grains of the sputtered bismuth selenide films. We also investigated the effect on spin-pumping voltage due to the insertion of layers of MgO and Ag. The MgO insertion layer has almost completely suppressed the spin-pumping voltage, whereas the Ag insertion layer has enhanced the λIEE by 43%.

15.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(22): 2752-2762, 2019 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31235998

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third leading cause of death from malignant tumors worldwide. More than 50% of HCC cases occur in China. The prognosis remains poor and overall efficacy is still unsatisfactory. Chemotherapy resistance is the most important reason for the poor outcome. Much progress has been made in the study of chemotherapy resistance of HCC; however, the specific mechanisms of progression of HCC have still only been partially established. Therefore, the mechanism of chemotherapy resistance in HCC requires more research. AIM: To investigate the effect of miR-34a expression on the growth inhibition of HepG2 cells by doxorubicin. METHODS: A recombinant lentiviral vector containing miR-34a was constructed and transfected into HepG2 cells. The expression of miR-34a was detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (commonly known as RT-PCR) before and after transfection. Cells were exposed to 2 µM doxorubicin or phosphate-buffered saline before and after transfection. Cell viability in each group was detected by MTT assay, and cell cycle and apoptosis were detected by flow cytometry. Changes in expression levels of phospho (p)-p53, sirtuin (SIRT) 1, cyclin D1, cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4, CDK6, BCL-2, multidrug resistance protein (MDR) 1/P glycoprotein (P-gp), and AXL were detected by Western blotting. RESULTS: Recombinant lentiviral vector LV-hsa-mir-34a was successfully constructed by restriction endonuclease digestion and sequencing. RT-PCR showed that expression of miR-34a in HepG2 cells was significantly upregulated after transfection (P < 0.01). MTT assay showed that growth of HepG2 cells was inhibited after upregulation of miR-34a, and viability was significantly decreased after combined treatment with doxorubicin (P < 0.01). Flow cytometry showed that the number of HepG2 cells in G1 phase increased, and G1 phase arrest was more obvious after intervention with doxorubicin (P < 0.01). The apoptosis rate of HepG2 cells was increased after upregulation of miR-34a, and became more obvious after intervention with doxorubicin (P < 0.01). Western blotting showed that upregulation of miR-34a combined with treatment with doxorubicin caused significant changes in the expression levels of p-p53, SIRT1, cyclin D1, CDK4, CDK6, BCL-2, MDR1/P-gp and AXL proteins (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: MiR-34a may enhance the inhibitory effect of doxorubicin by downregulating MDR1/P-gp and AXL, which may be related to p53 expression.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Subfamília B de Transportador de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Progressão da Doença , Regulação para Baixo , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Vetores Genéticos , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/genética , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases/genética , Transfecção , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Regulação para Cima
16.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(26): 22979-22986, 2019 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31252472

RESUMO

Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) have been extensively used as contrasts and tracers for bioimaging, heating sources for tumor therapy, carriers for controlled drug delivery, and labels for magnetic immunoassays. Here, we describe a MNP Brownian relaxation dynamics-based magnetic particle spectroscopy (MPS) method for the quantitative detection of molecular biomarkers. In MPS measurements, the harmonics of oscillating MNPs are recorded and used as a metric for the freedom of rotational motion, which indicates the bound states of the MNPs. These harmonics can be collected from microgram quantities of iron oxide nanoparticles within 10 s. As the harmonics are largely dependent on the quantity of the MNPs in the sample, the MPS bioassay results could be biased by the deviations of MNP quantities in each sample, especially for the very low-concentration biomarker detection scenarios. Herein, we report three MNP concentration/quantity-independent metrics for characterizing the bound states of MNPs in MPS. Using a streptavidin-biotin binding system as a model, we demonstrate the feasibility of using MPS and MNP concentration/quantity-independent metrics to sense these molecular interactions, showing that this method can achieve rapid, wash-free bioassays, and is suitable for future point-of-care, sensitive, and versatile diagnosis.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/química , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Humanos , Análise Espectral , Estreptavidina/química
17.
Front Microbiol ; 10: 1077, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31164877

RESUMO

The dissemination of Influenza A virus (IAV) throughout the world has become one of the main concerns for the health of both animals and human beings. An efficient and sensitive diagnostic tool is thus needed for the early detection of IAV. Here, we developed a wash-free magnetic bioassay and further integrated it with a handheld platform based on giant-magnetoresistance (GMR) sensors. The wash-free magnetic bioassay significantly accelerates and simplifies the detection process. This brand-new system was successful in detecting both IAV nucleoprotein and IAV-contained nasal swab samples from pigs on the farm. The limit of detection (LOD) is 0.3 nM for IAV nucleoprotein and 250 TCID50/mL for IAV-spiked nasal swab samples. The detection of nasal swab samples containing unpurified IAV was also performed, demonstrating the capability of the magnetic wash-free assay in the detection of biomarkers in complex sample matrix.

18.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(13): 1618-1627, 2019 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30983821

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic radiation proctitis (CRP) is a complication which occurs in 1%-5% of patients who undergo radiotherapy for pelvic malignancies. Although a wide range of therapeutic modalities are available, there is no literature to date showing any particularly appropriate therapeutic modality for each disease stage. Argon plasma coagulation (APC) is currently recommended as the first-choice treatment for hemorrhagic CRP, however, its indication based on long-term follow-up is still unclear. On the hypothesis that the long-term efficacy and safety of APC are not fully understood, we reviewed APC treatment for patients with hemorrhagic CRP from a single center. AIM: To assess the long-term efficacy and safety of APC for hemorrhagic CRP. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of consecutive patients treated with APC for hemorrhagic CRP from January 2013 to October 2017. Demographics, clinical variables, and typical endoscopic features were recorded independently. Success was defined as either cessation of bleeding or only occasional traces of bloody stools with no further treatments for at least 12 mo after the last APC treatment. We performed univariate and multivariate analyses to identify factors associated with success and risk factors for fistulas. RESULTS: Forty-five patients with a median follow-up period of 24 mo (range: 12-67 mo) were enrolled. Fifteen (33.3%) patients required blood transfusion before APC. Successful treatment with APC was achieved in 31 (68.9%) patients. The mean number of APC sessions was 1.3 (1-3). Multivariate analysis showed that APC failure was independently associated with telangiectasias present on more than 50% of the surface area [odds ratio (OR) = 6.53, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.09-39.19, P = 0.04] and ulcerated area greater than 1 cm2 (OR = 8.15, 95%CI: 1.63-40.88, P = 0.01). Six (13.3%) patients had severe complications involving rectal fistulation. The only factor significantly associated with severe complications was ulcerated area greater than 1 cm2 (P = 0.035). CONCLUSION: The long-term efficacy of APC for hemorrhagic CRP is uncertain in patients with telangiectasias present on > 50% of the surface area and ulceration > 1 cm2.


Assuntos
Coagulação com Plasma de Argônio/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Proctite/cirurgia , Lesões por Radiação/cirurgia , Telangiectasia/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/etiologia , Humanos , Mucosa Intestinal/irrigação sanguínea , Mucosa Intestinal/patologia , Mucosa Intestinal/efeitos da radiação , Mucosa Intestinal/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Pélvicas/radioterapia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Proctite/etiologia , Proctite/patologia , Lesões por Radiação/etiologia , Lesões por Radiação/patologia , Reto/irrigação sanguínea , Reto/patologia , Reto/efeitos da radiação , Reto/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Telangiectasia/etiologia , Telangiectasia/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Exp Ther Med ; 17(5): 3335-3342, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30988709

RESUMO

ß-patchoulene (ß-PAE), an active constituent of the Pogostemon cablin, is well known for its anti-inflammatory and antioxidative functions in various diseases. However, little is known about the impact of ß-PAE on the cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. The current study aimed to determine the neuroprotective effect of ß-PAE and the underlying mechanisms on cerebral I/R injury. Following pretreatment with ß-PAE (10 mg/kg body weight) by tail intravenous injection for 1 h, Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion for 2 h and reperfusion for 24 h. The results indicated that pretreatment with ß-PAE could diminish the infarct volume, decrease the brain water content, reduce the neurological deficit score and restore the mitochondrial membrane potential, compared with the untreated I/R injury group. Furthermore, cell apoptosis was markedly suppressed by ß-PAE, and this effect was associated with the decreased apoptosis regulator BAX/apoptosis regulator Bcl-2 expression ratio and caspase-3 activity. In addition, ß-PAE significantly inhibited the release of proinflammatory factors, including tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin (IL)-1ß and IL-6. Superoxide generation and malondialdehyde levels were reduced while the levels of glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase were elevated following treatment with ß-PAE, indicating the antioxidative role of ß-PAE in cerebral I/R injury. Furthermore, the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway was inhibited by ß-PAE, as demonstrated by the decreased TLR4 expression and nuclear translocation of p65, and increased IκBα level. Taken together, the results suggested that ß-PAE may exhibit a neuroprotective effect on cerebral I/R injury in rats through inactivating the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway.

20.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 411(14): 3179-3189, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30989269

RESUMO

In this study, a molecularly imprinted polymer capable of recognizing 15 sulfonamides was first synthesized with sulfabenz as the dummy template. The calculation results from computation simulation showed that the specific 3D conformation of the template had an important influence on the polymer's recognition ability. Then, the polymer was used as recognition reagent to prepare a chemiluminescence sensor on a conventional 96-well microplate for the determination of the residues of 15 sulfonamides in meat (chicken and pork). Due to the 4-(imidazol-1-yl)phenol-enhanced luminol-H2O2 system, the limits of detection for the 15 analytes were in the range of 1.0-12 pg/mL. The recoveries from the standard fortified blank samples were in the range of 72.7-99%. Furthermore, one assay could be finished within 30 min, and the sensor could be reused 4 times. Therefore, this sensor could be used as a very useful tool for routine screening of residues of sulfonamides in meat samples. Graphical abstract Assay procedures of the molecularly imprinted polymer-based chemiluminescence sensor for determination of sulfonamides.


Assuntos
Resíduos de Drogas/análise , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Medições Luminescentes/métodos , Impressão Molecular/métodos , Polímeros/química , Carne Vermelha/análise , Sulfonamidas/análise , Animais , Galinhas , Simulação por Computador , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Limite de Detecção , Luminol/química , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Padrões de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sulfonamidas/normas
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