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1.
Mol Biol Rep ; 2020 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32108303

RESUMO

Treatment of antioxidants is necessary to protect ischemic stroke associated neuronal damage. Xanthohumol (XN), a natural flavonoid extracted from hops, has been reported to have potential function as an antioxidant and can be used for neuro protection. However, the role of XN in ischemic stroke remains unclear. Here, we studied the neuroprotective effects of XN through experimental stroke models. Middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) was used as in vivo and in vitro model, respectively. We found that the treatment of XN improved MCAO-induced brain injury by reducing infarct size, improving neurological deficits, reversing neuronal damage, reducing oxidative stress injury and cell apoptosis. Further experimental studies showed that XN could revive neuronal apoptosis induced by OGD by preventing oxidative stress injury. In addition, our study suggested that these effects were related to the inhibition of phosphorylation of p38-MAPK and the mediation of nuclear Nrf2 activation. In conclusion, the neuroprotective effects of XN showed in this study make XN a promising supplement for ischemic stroke protection.

2.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 19: 1123-1133, 2020 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32059338

RESUMO

Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disorder resulting from antibodies against the proteins at the neuromuscular junction. Emerging evidence indicates that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), acting as competing endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs), are involved in various diseases. However, the regulatory mechanisms of ceRNAs underlying MG remain largely unknown. In this study, we constructed a lncRNA-mediated ceRNA network involved in MG using a multi-step computational strategy. Functional annotation analysis suggests that these lncRNAs may play crucial roles in the immunological mechanism underlying MG. Importantly, through manual literature mining, we found that lncRNA SNHG16 (small nucleolar RNA host gene 16), acting as a ceRNA, plays important roles in the immune processes. Further experiments showed that SNHG16 expression was upregulated in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from MG patients compared to healthy controls. Luciferase reporter assays confirmed that SNHG16 is a target of the microRNA (miRNA) let-7c-5p. Subsequent experiments indicated that SNHG16 regulates the expression of the key MG gene interleukin (IL)-10 by sponging let-7c-5p in a ceRNA manner. Furthermore, functional assays showed that SNHG16 inhibits Jurkat cell apoptosis and promotes cell proliferation by sponging let-7c-5p. Our study will contribute to a deeper understanding of the regulatory mechanism of MG and will potentially provide new therapeutic targets for MG patients.

3.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2020 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32041401

RESUMO

Oxide-/hydroxide-derived copper electrodes exhibit excellent selectivity toward C2+ products during the electrocatalytic CO2 reduction reaction (CO2RR). However, the origin of such enhanced selectivity remains controversial. Here, we prepared two Cu-based electrodes with mixed oxidation states, namely, HQ-Cu (containing Cu, Cu2O, CuO) and AN-Cu (containing Cu, Cu(OH)2). We extracted an ultrathin specimen from the electrodes using a focused ion beam to investigate the distribution and evolution of various Cu species by electron microscopy and electron energy loss spectroscopy. We found that at the steady stage of the CO2RR, the electrodes have all been reduced to Cu0, regardless of the initial states, suggesting that the high C2+ selectivities are not associated with specific oxidation states of Cu. We verified this conclusion by control experiments in which HQ-Cu and AN-Cu were pretreated to fully reduce oxides/hydroxides to Cu0, and the pretreated electrodes showed even higher C2+ selectivity compared with their unpretreated counterparts. We observed that the oxide/hydroxide crystals in HQ-Cu and AN-Cu were fragmented into nanosized irregular Cu grains under the applied negative potentials. Such a fragmentation process, which is the consequence of an oxidation-reduction cycle and does not occur in electropolished Cu, not only built an intricate network of grain boundaries but also exposed a variety of high-index facets. These two features greatly facilitated the C-C coupling, thus accounting for the enhanced C2+ selectivity. Our work demonstrates that the use of advanced characterization techniques enables investigating the structural and chemical states of electrodes in unprecedented detail to gain new insights into a widely studied system.

5.
Int J Mol Med ; 45(2): 333-342, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31894261

RESUMO

Ischemic stroke (IS) is a severe neurological disease and a major cause of death and disability throughout the world. A long non­coding (lnc)RNA, transcription factor (TF) and gene can form a lncRNA­mediated regulatory triplet (LncMRT), which is a functional network motif that regulates numerous aspects of human diseases. However, systematic identification and molecular characterization of LncMRTs and their roles in IS has not been carried out. In the present study, a global LncMRT network was constructed and the topological features were characterized based on experimentally verified interactions. An integrated approach was developed to identify significantly dysregulated LncMRTs in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of IS and these dysregulated LncMRT networks exhibited specific topological characteristics and a closer network structure than the global LncMRT network that was constructed. The variation of the risk score for LncMRTs indicated that there were multiple dysregulated patterns of LncMRTs in IS. Numerous core clusters were identified from dysregulated LncMRT networks and these core clusters could distinguish IS patient and matched control samples. Finally, functional analyses demonstrated that LncMRTs associated with IS participated in the regulation of the phosphatidylinositol 3­kinase/protein kinase B signaling pathway. In conclusion, the roles of the LncMRTs in IS were elucidated, which could be beneficial for understanding IS pathogenesis and treatment.

6.
Neurol Sci ; 2020 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31897952

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This is the first cross-region epidemiological study of myasthenia gravis (MG) in China. We estimated the incidence, prevalence, and medical costs of MG in southern China and explored the differences between the southern and northern Chinese populations. METHODS: We collected and analyzed records from 20 hospitals in the southern city, Guangzhou, 13 hospitals in the northern city, Harbin, and two healthcare insurance systems: job based and residence based in Guangzhou during 2000-2017. RESULTS: (1) The estimated annual incidence of MG was 1.55-3.66 per 100,000, and the estimated prevalence of MG was 2.19-11.07 per 100,000 in southern China based on insurance records. (2) The proportion of hospitalized MG patients in the south-based hospital records was three times as high as that in the north-based hospital records. (3) Female MG prevalence was significantly higher than male MG prevalence in Guangzhou, while the similar gender difference in Harbin was not statistically significant due to higher variation in earlier years. (4) The average expense was $35-42 for each outpatient service and $2526-2673 for each hospitalization expense in the south. (5) Contrary to the increase of insurance-based estimate of MG prevalence, the proportion of hospitalized MG patients did not increase over the years, suggesting rising awareness and utilization of health insurance. CONCLUSIONS: The southern MG population had a significantly higher prevalence and a lower response threshold to medication than the northern MG population. These results are calling for further investigations on the genetic, cultural, and environmental variations of the Chinese MG populations between north and south.

7.
BMC Med Genet ; 20(1): 168, 2019 10 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666013

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune diseases characterized by fatigue and weakness of skeletal muscles. B-lymphocyte-activating factor (BAFF), an essential factor for B cell differentiation and development, is important in the progression of MG. The current study aimed to investigate the association between single nucleotide polymorphism rs2893321 in BAFF with MG susceptibility in Chinese Han population. METHODS: One hundred forty-nine patients with MG and 148 healthy controls were recruited. Using improved multiple ligase detection reaction technology, the polymorphisms of rs2893321 between groups and among MG subgroups have been compared. RESULTS: A significant differences between the MG group and the healthy control group was observed. Additionally, rs2893321 was found to be associated with gender and age in patients with MG. CONCLUSION: Genetic variations of rs2893321 in BAFF might be associated with susceptibility to MG in the Chinese Han population.


Assuntos
Fator Ativador de Células B/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Miastenia Gravis/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , Grupos Étnicos/genética , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptores Colinérgicos/imunologia
8.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(30): 12021-12028, 2019 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31322884

RESUMO

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are often synthesized using various additives to modulate the crystallization. Here, we report the direct imaging of the crystal surface of MOF MIL-101 synthesized with different additives, using low-dose high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), and identify three distinct surface structures, at subunit cell resolution. We find that the mesoporous cages at the outermost surface of MIL-101 can be opened up by vacuum heating treatment at different temperatures, depending on the MIL-101 samples. We monitor the structural evolution of MIL-101 upon vacuum heating, using in situ X-ray diffraction, and find the results to be in good agreement with HRTEM observations, which leads us to speculate that additives have an influence not only on the surface structure but also on the stability of framework. In addition, we observe solid-solid phase transformation from MIL-101 to MIL-53 taking place in the sample synthesized with hydrofluoric acid.

9.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(35): 12065-12069, 2019 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31246371

RESUMO

Developing effective synthetic strategies as well as enriching functionalities for sp2 -carbon-linked covalent organic frameworks (COFs) still remains a challenge. Now, taking advantage of a variant of Knoevenagel condensation, a new fully conjugated COF (g-C34 N6 -COF) linked by unsubstituted C=C bonds was synthesized. Integrating 3,5-dicyano-2,4,6-trimethylpyridine and 1,3,5-triazine units into the molecular framework leads to the enhanced π-electron communication and electrochemical activity. This COF shows uniform nanofibrous morphology. By assembling it with carbon nanotubes, a flexible thin-film electrode for a micro-supercapacitor (MSC) can be easily obtained. The resultant COF-based MSC shows an areal capacitance of up to 15.2 mF cm-2 , a high energy density of up to 7.3 mWh cm-3 , and remarkable rate capability. These values are among the highest for state-of-the-art MSCs. Moreover, this device exhibits excellent flexibility and integration capability.

10.
Nat Chem ; 11(7): 622-628, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31086300

RESUMO

Defect engineering of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) offers promising opportunities for tailoring their properties to specific functions and applications. However, determining the structures of defects in MOFs-either point defects or extended ones-has proved challenging owing to the difficulty of directly probing local structures in these typically fragile crystals. Here we report the real-space observation, with sub-unit-cell resolution, of structural defects in the catalytic MOF UiO-66 using a combination of low-dose transmission electron microscopy and electron crystallography. Ordered 'missing linker' and 'missing cluster' defects were found to coexist. The missing-linker defects, reconstructed three-dimensionally with high precision, were attributed to terminating formate groups. The crystallization of the MOF was found to undergo an Ostwald ripening process, during which the defects also evolve: on prolonged crystallization, only the missing-linker defects remained. These observations were rationalized through density functional theory calculations. Finally, the missing-cluster defects were shown to be more catalytically active than their missing-linker counterparts for the isomerization of glucose to fructose.

11.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2302, 2019 05 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31127105

RESUMO

Anisotropy in crystals arises from different lattice periodicity along different crystallographic directions, and is usually more pronounced in two dimensional (2D) materials. Indeed, in the emerging 2D materials, electrical anisotropy has been one of the recent research focuses. However, key understandings of the in-plane anisotropic resistance in low-symmetry 2D materials, as well as demonstrations of model devices taking advantage of it, have proven difficult. Here, we show that, in few-layered semiconducting GaTe, electrical conductivity anisotropy between x and y directions of the 2D crystal can be gate tuned from several fold to over 103. This effect is further demonstrated to yield an anisotropic non-volatile memory behavior in ultra-thin GaTe, when equipped with an architecture of van der Waals floating gate. Our findings of gate-tunable giant anisotropic resistance effect pave the way for potential applications in nanoelectronics such as multifunctional directional memories in the 2D limit.

12.
Cell Prolif ; 52(4): e12634, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31094043

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is a type of acute autoimmune disease, which occurs in peripheral nerves and their roots. There is extensive evidence that suggests many immune-associated genes have essential roles in GBS. However, the associations between immune genes and GBS have not been sufficiently examined as most previous studies have only focused on individual genes rather than their entire interaction networks. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, multiple levels of data including immune-associated genes, GBS-associated genes, protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks and gene expression profiles were integrated, and an immune or GBS-directed neighbour co-expressed network (IOGDNC network) and a GBS-directed neighbour co-expressed network (GDNC network) were constructed. RESULTS: Our analysis shows the immune-associated genes are strongly related to GBS-associated genes whether at the interaction level or gene expression level. Five immune-associated modules were also identified which could distinguish between GBS and normal samples. In addition, functional analysis indicated that immune-associated genes are essential in GBS. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, these results highlight a strong relationship between immune-associated genes and GBS existed and provide a potential role for immune-associated genes as novel diagnostic and therapeutic biomarkers for GBS.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Guillain-Barré/genética , Transcriptoma/genética , Humanos , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/genética
13.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 1771, 2019 04 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30992436

RESUMO

Due to their unique properties, polymers - typically thermal insulators - can open up opportunities for advanced thermal management when they are transformed into thermal conductors. Recent studies have shown polymers can achieve high thermal conductivity, but the transport mechanisms have yet to be elucidated. Here we report polyethylene films with a high thermal conductivity of 62 Wm-1 K-1, over two orders-of-magnitude greater than that of typical polymers (~0.1 Wm-1 K-1) and exceeding that of many metals and ceramics. Structural studies and thermal modeling reveal that the film consists of nanofibers with crystalline and amorphous regions, and the amorphous region has a remarkably high thermal conductivity, over ~16 Wm-1 K-1. This work lays the foundation for rational design and synthesis of thermally conductive polymers for thermal management, particularly when flexible, lightweight, chemically inert, and electrically insulating thermal conductors are required.

14.
PLoS One ; 14(4): e0214857, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30947317

RESUMO

Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease. In recent years, considerable evidence has indicated that Gene Ontology (GO) functions, especially GO-biological processes, have important effects on the mechanisms and treatments of different diseases. However, the roles of GO functions in the pathogenesis and treatment of MG have not been well studied. This study aimed to uncover the potential important roles of risk-related GO functions and to screen significant candidate drugs related to GO functions for MG. Based on MG risk genes, 238 risk GO functions and 42 drugs were identified. Through constructing a GO function network, we discovered that positive regulation of NF-kappaB transcription factor activity (GO:0051092) may be one of the most important GO functions in the mechanism of MG. Furthermore, we built a drug-GO function network to help evaluate the latent relationship between drugs and GO functions. According to the drug-GO function network, 5 candidate drugs showing promise for treating MG were identified. Indeed, 2 out of 5 candidate drugs have been investigated to treat MG. Through functional enrichment analysis, we found that the mechanisms between 5 candidate drugs and associated GO functions may involve two vital pathways, specifically hsa05332 (graft-versus-host disease) and hsa04940 (type I diabetes mellitus). More interestingly, most of the processes in these two pathways were consistent. Our study will not only reveal a new perspective on the mechanisms and novel treatment strategies of MG, but also will provide strong support for research on GO functions.


Assuntos
Ontologia Genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Miastenia Gravis/tratamento farmacológico , Miastenia Gravis/genética , Adalimumab/farmacologia , Carnosina/análogos & derivados , Carnosina/farmacologia , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Bases de Dados de Produtos Farmacêuticos , Reposicionamento de Medicamentos , Etanercepte/farmacologia , Estudos de Associação Genética , Glucosamina/farmacologia , Humanos , Imunossupressores/farmacologia , Miastenia Gravis/imunologia , Compostos Organometálicos/farmacologia , Testes Farmacogenômicos , Talidomida/análogos & derivados , Talidomida/farmacologia , Compostos de Zinco/farmacologia
15.
Brief Bioinform ; 2019 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30953059

RESUMO

The nervous system is one of the most complex biological systems, and nervous system disease (NSD) is a major cause of disability and mortality. Extensive evidence indicates that numerous dysregulated microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in a broad spectrum of NSDs. A comprehensive review of miRNA-mediated regulatory will facilitate our understanding of miRNA dysregulation mechanisms in NSDs. In this work, we summarized currently available databases on miRNAs and NSDs, star NSD miRNAs, NSD spectrum width, miRNA spectrum width and the distribution of miRNAs in NSD sub-categories by reviewing approximately 1000 studies. In addition, we characterized miRNA-miRNA and NSD-NSD interactions from a network perspective based on miRNA-NSD benchmarking data sets. Furthermore, we summarized the regulatory principles of miRNAs in NSDs, including miRNA synergistic regulation in NSDs, miRNA modules and NSD modules. We also discussed computational challenges for identifying novel miRNAs in NSDs. Elucidating the roles of miRNAs in NSDs from a network perspective would not only improve our understanding of the precise mechanism underlying these complex diseases, but also provide novel insight into the development, diagnosis and treatment of NSDs.

16.
Mol Neurobiol ; 56(10): 7022-7031, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30968344

RESUMO

Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is a complex disease with its pathogenetic mechanism still unclear. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of miRNA (miRSNPs) are SNPs located on miRNA genes or target sites of miRNAs, which have been proved to be associated with neuropsychic disease development by interfering with miRNA-mediated regulatory function. In this study, we integrated TLE-related risk genes and risk pathways multi-dimensionally based on public data resources. Furthermore, we systematically screened candidate functional miRSNPs for TLE and constructed a TLE-associated pathway-based miRSNP switching network, which included 92 miRNAs that target 12 TLE risk pathways. Moreover, we dissected thoroughly the correlation between 5 risk genes of 4 risk pathways and TLE development. Additionally, the biological function of several candidate miRSNPs were validated by luciferase reporter assay. In silico approach facilitates to select potential "miRSNP-miRNA-risk gene-pathway" axis for experimental validation, which provided new insights into the mechanism of miRSNPs as potential genetic risk factors of TLE.


Assuntos
Epilepsia do Lobo Temporal/genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Predisposição Genética para Doença , MicroRNAs/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Sequência de Bases , Genes Reporter , Humanos , Luciferases/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Modelos Biológicos , Fatores de Risco
17.
PLoS One ; 14(3): e0212913, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30865676

RESUMO

Based on the Markowitz mean variance model, this paper discusses the portfolio selection problem in an uncertain environment. To construct a more realistic and optimized model, in this paper, a new general interval quadratic programming model for portfolio selection is established by introducing the linear transaction costs and liquidity of the securities market. Regarding the estimation for the new model, we propose an effective numerical solution method based on the Lagrange theorem and duality theory, which can obtain the effective upper and lower bounds of the objective function of the model. In addition, the proposed method is illustrated with two examples, and the results show that the proposed method is better and more feasible than the commonly used portfolio selection method.


Assuntos
Marketing/métodos , Modelos Econômicos , Incerteza , Algoritmos
18.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 31(3): 293-297, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30914088

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the characteristics of skeletal muscle cells gene markers in septic patients by using bioinformatics. METHODS: The differential gene expression of marker microarrays (GSE13205) in skeletal muscle tissue of patients with sepsis was obtained from gene expression omnibus (GEO) database of National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI). Gene differential expression analysis was carried out using online GEO2R provided by NCBI. Data processing, analysis and mapping were carried out using online bioinformatics array research tool (BART) and Cytoscpe software, the software of the national resource for network biology. Functional annotation and pathway analysis of differential expression genes were performed using Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) and gene ontology (GO) provided by the database for annotation, visualization and integrated discovery (DAVID), and protein interaction analysis was further performed in search tool for the retrieve of interacting genes/proteins (STRING-DB). RESULTS: The TOP250 genes were extracted from the GSE13205 dataset. A total of 242 differentially expressed genes were included in the analysis. Among them, 78 up-regulated genes and 164 down-regulated genes were identified. After extensive data analysis, these differentially expressed genes were enriched into different biological processes or subsets of molecular functions, mainly enriched in the positive and negative regulation of growth, mineral absorption and other pathways. The 14 most closely related genes among differentially expressed genes were identified from the protein interaction network. CONCLUSIONS: The differential expression genes in patients with sepsis were mainly concentrated on cell growth and apoptosis and mediating tumor-related immune function regulation.


Assuntos
Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Sepse/genética , Biologia Computacional , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Marcadores Genéticos , Humanos
19.
Mol Med Rep ; 19(3): 2350-2360, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30664201

RESUMO

The significant roles of microRNAs (miRNAs) in the pathogenesis of myasthenia gravis (MG) have been observed in numerous previous studies. The impact of miRNA clusters on immunity has been demonstrated in previous years; however, the regulation of miRNA clusters in MG remains to be elucidated. In the present study, 245 MG risk genes were collected and 99 MG risk pathways enriched by these genes were identified. A catalog of 126 MG risk miRNAs was then created; the MG risk miRNAs were located on each chromosome and a miRNA cluster was defined as a number of miRNAs with a relative distance of <6 kb on the same sub­band, same band, same region and same chromosome. Furthermore, enrichment analyses were performed using the target genes of the MG risk miRNA clusters, and a number of risk pathways of each miRNA clusters were identified. As a result, 15 significant miRNA clusters associated with MG were identified. Additionally, the most significant pathways of the miRNA clusters were identified to be enriched on chromosomes 9, 19 and 22, characterized by immunity, infection and carcinoma, suggesting that the mechanism of MG may be associated with certain abnormalities of miRNA clusters on chromosomes 9, 19 and 22. The present study provides novel insight into a global pathway view of miRNA clusters in the pathogenesis of MG.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/genética , Miastenia Gravis/genética , Biologia Computacional , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Família Multigênica/genética , Miastenia Gravis/patologia , Fatores de Risco , Transdução de Sinais/genética
20.
Int J Cancer ; 145(4): 952-961, 2019 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30694558

RESUMO

Glioblastomas (GBMs) and lower-grade gliomas (LGGs) are the most common malignant brain tumors. Despite extensive studies that have suggested that there are differences between the two in terms of clinical profile and treatment, their distinctions on a molecular level had not been systematically analyzed. Here, we investigated the distinctions between GBM and LGG based on multidimensional data, including somatic mutations, somatic copy number variants (SCNVs), gene expression, lncRNA expression and DNA methylation levels. We found that GBM patients had a higher mutation frequency and SCNVs than LGG patients. Differential mRNAs and lncRNAs between GBM and LGG were identified and a differential mRNA-lncRNA network was constructed and analyzed. We also discovered some differential DNA methylation sites could distinguish between GBM and LGG samples. Finally, we identified some key GBM- and LGG-specific genes featuring multiple-level molecular alterations. These specific genes participate in diverse functions; moreover, GBM-specific genes are enriched in the glioma pathway. Overall, our studies explored the distinctions between GMB and LGG using a comprehensive genomics approach that may provide novel insights into studying the mechanism and treatment of brain tumors.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Glioblastoma/genética , Glioma/genética , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA/genética , Metilação de DNA/genética , Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Mutação/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética
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