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1.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33016903

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Late-life depression often coexists with vascular cognitive impairment and affects the quality of life for elders. However, little is known about cortical morphometric interactions between subcortical vascular mild cognitive impairment (svMCI) and concomitant mild depressive symptoms at the early stage. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate cortical alterations of svMCI with and without depressive symptoms and determine whether these parameters are associated with depression symptoms and/or cognitive impairments. METHODS: Surface based morphometry was performed on 18 svMCI patients with depressive symptoms (svMCI + D), 16 svMCI patients without depressive symptoms (svMCI-D), and 23 normal controls (NC). RESULTS: Compared to NC, both svMCI + D and svMCI-D patients exhibited significantly decreased surface area (SA) in many cortical areas. Interestingly, svMCI + D patients showed significantly increased rather than decreased SA in right lateral occipital gyrus (LOG.R), and a consistent trend of increased SA in these areas compared to svMCI-D. In addition, the svMCI + D showed increased gray matter volume of left pericalcarine (periCAL.L) than svMCI_D, whereas svMCI_D showed decreased gray matter volume of periCAL.L than NC. Further correlation analyses revealed that the SA of left superior temporal gyrus (STG.L) and right lateral orbital part of frontal gyrus (lorbFG.R) were significantly correlated with Hamilton depression rating scale of svMCI + D. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, these results extend our insight into svMCI and add weight to reevaluation of concomitant early stage depressive symptoms. Moreover, we suggest that LOG.R∖periCAL.L∖STG.L∖lorbFG.R might serve as sensitive and trait-dependent biomarkers to detect concomitant depressive symptoms in svMCI patients.

2.
Zootaxa ; 4802(2): zootaxa.4802.2.9, 2020 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056624

RESUMO

Though research about sea spiders limited in China seas, a complete checklist has not yet exist so far. After checking recent collections obtained from Shandong, Zhejiang, Fujian and the East China Sea, all these sixty-eight specimens were identified as six species belonged to four families and five genera, including three ones new to China. We described and illustrated them in this study, and also revised all previous records about Chinese pycnogonids and provided a checklist for the presently known forty-one species.

3.
BMC Genomics ; 21(1): 655, 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32967608

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is an intracellular fuel sensor for lipid and glucose metabolism. In addition to the short-term regulation of metabolic enzymes by phosphorylation, AMPK may also exert long-term effects on the transcription of downstream genes through the regulation of transcription factors and coactivators. In this study, RNA interference (RNAi) was conducted to investigate the effects of knockdown of TcAMPKα on lipid and carbohydrate metabolism in the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum, and the transcriptome profiles of dsTcAMPKα-injected and dsEGFP-injected beetles under normal conditions were compared by RNA-sequencing. RESULTS: RNAi-mediated suppression of TcAMPKα increased whole-body triglyceride (TG) level and the ratio between glucose and trehalose, as was confirmed by in vivo treatment with the AMPK-activating compound, 5-Aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide1-ß-D-ribofuranoside (AICAR). A total of 1184 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified between dsTcAMPKα-injected and dsEGFP-injected beetles. These include genes involved in lipid and carbohydrate metabolism as well as insulin/insulin-like growth factor signaling (IIS). Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis confirmed the differential expression of selected genes. Interestingly, metabolism-related transcription factors such as sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1 (SREBP1) and carbohydrate response element-binding protein (ChREBP) were also significantly upregulated in dsTcAMPKα-injected beetles. CONCLUSIONS: AMPK plays a critical role in the regulation of beetle metabolism. The findings of DEGs involved in lipid and carbohydrate metabolism provide valuable insight into the role of AMPK signaling in the transcriptional regulation of insect metabolism.

4.
Sci Total Environ ; 741: 140462, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886961

RESUMO

Community variation (i.e., beta diversity) along geographical gradients is a well-known ecological pattern, but the corresponding variation in beta diversity components (e.g., species turnover and nestedness) and underlying drivers remain poorly understood. Based on two alternative approaches (that is, the beta diversity partitioning proposed by Baselga and the Local Contributions to Beta Diversity (LCBD) partitioning proposed by Legendre), we examined the patterns of beta diversity components of lacustrine benthos, from bacteria to diatoms and chironomids, in the surface sediments along a 100-m water-depth gradient in Lugu Lake. We further quantified the relative importance of spatial, environmental and biotic variables in explaining water-depth patterns in beta diversity. Based on the Baselga's framework, there was a taxonomic dependency for the patterns of beta diversity components with water-depth, showing a significant species turnover pattern for bacteria, while diatoms and chironomids showed significant nestedness. This dependency was also evident in the patterns of community uniqueness with water-depth because based on Legendre's framework, the LCBD decreased with water depth for bacteria whereas increased with depth for diatoms. The total beta diversity and species turnover of bacteria could be explained by the pure effects of spatial, environmental and biotic variables. A total of 26.8% and 23.6% of the nestedness component of diatoms and chironomids was explained by environmental variables, respectively, while species turnover was mostly related to spatial variables. Bacteria total LCBD and species replacement were driven only by environmental variables. For diatoms and chironomids, however, most of the total LCBD and its two components were explained by spatial variables, and biotic variables were most important for the diatom replacement component. Our findings provide insights into the mechanisms responsible for community organizations along water-depth gradients from the perspective of beta diversity components.


Assuntos
Chironomidae , Diatomáceas , Animais , Bactérias , Biodiversidade , Água
5.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32985179

RESUMO

Heterogeneous ice nucleation (HIN) triggered by mineral surfaces typically exposed to various ions can have a significant impact on the regional atmosphere and climate. However, the dependence of HIN on the nature of the mineral surface ions is still largely unexplored due to the complexity of mineral surfaces. Because K+ on the atomically flat (001) surface of mica can be readily replaced by different cations through ion exchange, muscovite mica was selected; its simple nature provides a very straightforward system that can serve as the model for investigating the effects of mineral surface ions on HIN. Our experiments show that the surface (001) of H+-exchanged mica displays markedly higher HIN efficiencies than that of Na-/K-mica. Vibrational sum-frequency generation spectroscopy reveals that H-mica induces substantially less orientation ordering than Na-/K-mica within the contact water layer at the interface. Molecular dynamics simulations suggest that the HIN efficiency of mica depends on the positional arrangement and orientation of the interfacial water. The formation of the hexagonal ice Ih basal-type structure in the first water layer atop the mica surface facilitates HIN, which is determined by the size of the protruding ions atop the mica surface and by the surface adsorption energy. The orientational distribution is optimal for HIN when 25% of the water molecules in the first water layer atop the mica surface have one OH group pointing up and 25% have one OH group pointing down, which, in turn, is determined by the surface charge distribution.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32938179

RESUMO

A composite foam consisting of foamed cross-linking polystyrene (c-PS) and boron nitride nanosheets (BNNSs) was synthesized, which shows a higher thermal conductivity (TC) than the corresponding solid counterparts. The BNNS fillers are found to be aligned along the cell wall as a result of the biaxial stress field from cell expansion during the formation of three-dimensional interconnectivity in the foams, resulting in an enhanced TC of 1.28 W/m K, nearly two and four times those of its solid counterpart and pure c-PS, respectively. It is found that the foaming-assisted formation of the filler network is an efficient strategy to improve the TC at low filler loadings in the composites. Furthermore, the composite foams exhibit low density, rather low dielectric constants and dissipation factors at wide frequency and temperature ranges. The present work provides a novel approach to design and prepare lightweight heat conductive polymers with low filler loadings as low-density heat management materials for potential applications in aeronautics and aerospace components.

7.
ACS Omega ; 5(31): 19785-19795, 2020 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32803074

RESUMO

Particle void filling effects (P f) under low pressure and coal matrix compressibility effects (P c) at high pressure should not be ignored when using mercury intrusion porosimetry (MIP) to study the pore size distribution of coal. In this study, two coal samples (FX and HF) collected from western Guizhou were crushed into three different grain sizes; then, the subsamples were analyzed by MIP and low-pressure nitrogen adsorption to study the pore size distribution characteristics. The micro- and transition pore volumes contribute to the total pore volume of the FX and HF subsamples. With decreasing subsample grain sizes, the macropore volume of FX subsamples tends to increase, while mesopore volume decreases; the volumes of micropores and transition pores first increase and then decrease. In regard to the HF subsamples, the volumes of macropores and mesopores do not reveal any distinctive changes, while the 40-60 mesh subsample contains the greatest volume of micropores and transition pores. Fractal theory was introduced to determine P f and P c. P f barely changed as grain size decreased; it ranged from 0.1 to 0.15 MPa. However, P c increased with reduced coal grain sizes. The coal matrix compressibility coefficients of the subsamples were calculated from the cumulative mercury volume curve, and the true pore volume was also modified. The modified volume of macropores does not change markedly, while the volumes of mesopores and transition pores decrease significantly, clearly indicating the coal matrix compressibility under high mercury injection pressure. The modified pore volume shows that the pore (<10,000 nm) still harbors fractal characteristics.

8.
Exp Gerontol ; 140: 111058, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32814096

RESUMO

Cardiac aging is manifested as unfavorable geometric and functional alterations in heart. The current work was to test whether a ketogenic diet (KD) impacted aging-associated myocardial remodeling and dysfunction in mice and investigate the underlying mechanism. The young and aged male mice were fed with KD or standard chow for four months. Echocardiography results revealed that KD decreased left ventricular end systolic diameter (LVESD) and increased fractional shortening in aged mice. With KD feeding, aged mice exhibited reduced cardiomyocyte cross-sectional area, fibrosis, and mRNA expression of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), Col1A1 and alpha smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) in myocardium. KD enhanced activities of superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and catalase, and reduced the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and 3-nitrotyrosine (3-NT) in myocardium of aged mice. KD led to a downregulation of expression of C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP), glucose regulated protein 78 (GRP78), cleaved activated transcription factor 6 (ATF6), and spliced X box-binding protein 1 (XBP-1 s) in myocardium of aged mice. KD in aged mice reduced mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation, enhanced mitochondrial ATP production and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), and preserved activity of complex III and electron-coupling capacities between complexes I and III and between complexes II and III in myocardium. Importantly, KD in aged mice promoted autophagic flux, evidenced by reduced protein expression of p62 and enhanced protein expression of lysosome-associated membrane protein-2 (Lamp2) in myocardium. In conclusion, long-time KD intake delayed cardiac aging in male mice, possibly through abating oxidative stress, improving mitochondrial function, and promoting autophagic flux.

9.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 531(3): 431-437, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32800555

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disorder, and its etiology and pathogenesis are not fully understood. Astragalus polysaccharide (APS) has many pharmacological activities, but there are few reports about its role in AD. Using the common AD model APP/PS1 mice, it was found that the expression of Keap1 (a negative regulatory factor of Nrf2), the protein level of cytoplasmic Nrf2 and the content of MDA were increased significantly, while the mRNA level of Nrf2, the expression of Nrf2 in nucleus and the contents of SOD and GSH-Px were decreased significantly. APS treatment significantly increased the expression of Nrf2 in the nucleus but decreased its expression in the cytoplasm, and restored the expression levels of Keap1, SOD, GSH-Px and MDA. When APP/PS1 mice were treated with APS and injected with Nrf2 siRNA, the down-regulation of Nrf2 expression significantly blocked the regulation of APS on oxidative stress. Continuing to test the physiological function of AD mice showed that the spatial learning and memory abilities of APP/PS1 mice were impaired, the apoptosis of brain cells and the content of ß-amyloid (Aß) were significantly increased. APS treatment significantly improved the cognitive ability of APP/PS1 mice, reduced apoptosis and the accumulation of Aß, but the above effects of APS were blocked by Nrf2 siRNA injection. Therefore, APS can activate Nrf2 pathway to improve the physiological function of AD mice, which may have important clinical application value.

10.
Gastric Cancer ; 2020 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32623586

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: YAP1 is a core protein of the Hippo signaling pathway and is associated with malignancy and immunosuppression. In the present study, we discovered a novel lncRNA, RP11-323N12.5, with tumor promotion and immunosuppression activities through enhancing transcription of YAP1. METHODS: RP11-323N12.5 was identified using GEPIA. Its expression levels and their relationship with clinical features were investigated using clinical samples. The regulation of YAP1 transcription by RP11-323N12.5 was investigated in both GC and T cells, the tumor and immunosuppression promotion roles of RP11-323N12.5 were explored in vitro and in vivo. RESULTS: RP11-323N12.5 was the most up-regulated lncRNA in human GC, based on data from the TCGA database. Its transcription was significantly positively correlated with YAP1 transcription, YAP1 downstream gene expression which contribute to tumor growth and immunosuppression. RP11-323N12.5 promoted YAP1 transcription by binding to c-MYC in the YAP1 promoter region. Meanwhile, transcription of RP11-323N12.5 was also regulated by YAP1/TAZ/TEADs activation in GC cells. RP11-323N12.5 had tumor- and immnosuppression-promoting effects by enhancing YAP1 downstream genes in GC cells. Excessive RP11-323N12.5 was also observed in tumor-infiltrating leukocytes (TILs), which may be exosome-derived and also be related to enhanced Treg differentiation as a result YAP1 up-regulation. Moreover, RP11-323N12.5 promoted tumor growth and immunosuppression via YAP1 up-regulation in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: RP11-323N12.5 was the most up-regulated lncRNA in human GC and it promoted YAP1 transcription by binding to c-MYC within the YAP1 promoter in both GC and T cells. RP11-323N12.5 is an ideal therapeutic target in human GC due to its tumor-promoting and immunosuppression characteristics.

11.
Brain Imaging Behav ; 2020 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32700254

RESUMO

In addition to cognitive impairments, depression symptoms were reported in subcortical vascular mild cognitive impairment. Although hippocampal alterations were associated with cognitive decline in subcortical vascular mild cognitive impairment, the neural mechanism underlying depression symptoms remains unclear. Thus, a cohort of 18 patients with depression symptoms, 17 patients without depression symptoms, and 23 normal controls was used. Functionally, significantly altered resting-state functional connectivity between hippocampal emotional sub-region and right posterior cingulate cortex, between hippocampal cognitive sub-region and right inferior parietal gyrus and between hippocampal perceptual sub-region and left inferior temporal gyrus were identified among three groups. Structurally, significantly altered structural associations between hippocampal emotional sub-region and 6 frontal regions/right pole part of superior temporal gyrus/right inferior occipital gyrus, between hippocampal cognitive sub-region and right orbital part of inferior frontal gyrus /right anterior cingulate cortex, and between hippocampal perceptual and right orbital part of inferior frontal gyrus / left inferior temporal gyrus / left thalamus were identified among the three groups. Further analyses also showed correlations between functional connectivity and depression symptoms and/or cognitive impairments of patients. Together, these results showed different patterns of functional and structural alterations of the hippocampal sub-regions in the subcortical vascular mild cognitive impairment with and without depression, which might be specially associated with the depression symptoms and cognitive impairments in these patients.

12.
Bull Entomol Res ; : 1-7, 2020 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32677606

RESUMO

Aggressive behaviour is common in animals and typically has lifetime consequences. As younger males have higher residual reproductive value than older males and lose more from injuries than older males do, the propensity for fighting tends to increase with age in many empirical reports and species. However, fighting patterns in those empirical reports cannot confirm the hypothesis that individuals cannot readily inflict injuries on their opponents. To address this shortcoming, a parasitoid wasp species, Anastatus disparis (Hymenoptera: Eupelmidae), was used as an experimental model to explore the characteristics of aggression from a life-history perspective; this wasp exhibits extreme fighting, resulting in contestants experiencing injury and death. Results showed that the energetic costs of fighting to injury significantly shortened life and caused the loss of most mating ability. Inconsistent with general predictions, the frequency and intensity of fighting in A. disparis significantly decreased with male age. Further study results showed significantly more young males were received by and successfully mated with virgin females, and most genes related to energy metabolism were downregulated in aged males. Our study provided supporting evidence that young A. disparis males show more aggression likely because of their resource holding potential and sexual attractiveness decline with age.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32608994

RESUMO

Background: Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes have been reported to be associated with response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy and survival in breast cancer (BC) patients. However, little is known about the value of peripheral blood parameter in predicting the prognosis in BC. Methods: In this study, parameters of complete blood count from 417 BC patients with a median 7.6-year follow-up after surgery were collected and correlated with patient survival. Results: It was found that leukocyte counts were positively correlated with disease-free survival (DFS, p = 0.016) and overall survival (OS, p = 0.014), whereas platelet counts were negatively correlated with DFS (p = 0.003) and OS (p = 0.082) in BC. Leukocyte and platelet counts were independent prognostic factors for the BC patient survival. Besides, the prognostic value of leukocyte and platelet counts was further evaluated in the BC patients with different molecular subtypes. Together, BC patients with high leukocyte counts and low platelet counts had better DFS (p = 0.001) and OS (p = 0.017) than the other patients. Conclusion: Parameters of complete blood count could be acquired easily and serve as cost-effective prognostic biomarkers in BC.

14.
Brain Behav Immun ; 89: 400-413, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32717406

RESUMO

Ataxia, characterized by uncoordinated movement, is often found in patients with cerebellar hemorrhage (CH), leading to long-term disability without effective management. Microglia are among the first responders to CNS insult. Yet the role and mechanism of microglia in cerebellar injury and ataxia after CH are still unknown. Using Ki20227, an inhibitor for colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor which mediates the signaling responsible for the survival of microglia, we determined the impact of microglial depletion on cerebellar injury and ataxia in a murine model of CH. Microglial depletion reduced cerebellar lesion volume and alleviated gait abnormality, motor incoordination, and locomotor dysfunction after CH. Suppression of CH-initiated microglial activation with minocycline ameliorated cerebellum infiltration of monocytes/macrophages, as well as production of proinflammatory cytokines and chemokine C-C motif ligand-2 (CCL-2) that recruits monocytes/macrophages. Furthermore, both minocycline and bindarit, a CCL-2 inhibitor, prevented apoptosis and electrophysiological dysfunction of Purkinje cells, the principal neurons and sole outputs of the cerebellar cortex, and consequently improved ataxia-like motor abnormalities. Our findings suggest a detrimental role of microglia in neuroinflammation and ataxic motor symptoms after CH, and pave a new path to understand the neuroimmune mechanism underlying CH-induced cerebellar ataxia.

15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(22): e19993, 2020 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32481368

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: miR-141 has gradually demonstrated its value in the diagnosis of prostate cancer. However, the diagnostic parameters in previous studies differ. A systematic review was conducted to explore the diagnostic value of miR-141 in prostate cancer. METHODS: A comprehensive search of the literature in the PubMed, Medline, Cochrane Library, and Embase databases was performed. The included 7 studies assessed the diagnostic value of miR-141 in patients with prostate cancer up to October 31, 2019. We used meta-disc version 1.4 and STATA software version 12.0 to analyze the data. RESULTS: The pooled sensitivity and specificity were 0.70 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.64-0.75) and 0.73 (95% CI 0.64-0.80), respectively. The positive likelihood ratio was 2.88 (95% CI 1.40-5.93), and the negative likelihood ratio was 0.38 (95% CI 0.20-0.71). Further, we note that the pooled diagnostic odds ratio of miR-141 for prostate cancer was 9.94 (95% CI: 2.55-38.80). The summary area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.83 (95% CI: 0.79-0.86). The results of meta-regression suggested that heterogeneity was mainly derived from patient age. The results of the Fagan nomogram showed that it was increased significantly by testing miR-141 for diagnosing prostate cancer. CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis suggests that miR-141 has a high diagnostic value for prostate cancer. In the future, large-scale prospective studies are needed to verify and evaluate this result.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Próstata/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico
16.
Microbiome ; 8(1): 92, 2020 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32534595

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Understanding the large-scale patterns of microbial functional diversity is essential for anticipating climate change impacts on ecosystems worldwide. However, studies of functional biogeography remain scarce for microorganisms, especially in freshwater ecosystems. Here we study 15,289 functional genes of stream biofilm microbes along three elevational gradients in Norway, Spain and China. RESULTS: We find that alpha diversity declines towards high elevations and assemblage composition shows increasing turnover with greater elevational distances. These elevational patterns are highly consistent across mountains, kingdoms and functional categories and exhibit the strongest trends in China due to its largest environmental gradients. Across mountains, functional gene assemblages differ in alpha diversity and composition between the mountains in Europe and Asia. Climate, such as mean temperature of the warmest quarter or mean precipitation of the coldest quarter, is the best predictor of alpha diversity and assemblage composition at both mountain and continental scales, with local non-climatic predictors gaining more importance at mountain scale. Under future climate, we project substantial variations in alpha diversity and assemblage composition across the Eurasian river network, primarily occurring in northern and central regions, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that climate controls microbial functional gene diversity in streams at large spatial scales; therefore, the underlying ecosystem processes are highly sensitive to climate variations, especially at high latitudes. This biogeographical framework for microbial functional diversity serves as a baseline to anticipate ecosystem responses and biogeochemical feedback to ongoing climate change. Video Abstract.

17.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0233772, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32520933

RESUMO

A parking sharing strategy is proposed to solve the problems of parking difficulty caused by the imbalance between parking spaces and parking demand. The vacant parking spaces of residential area can be efficiently utilized to meet the parking demands of those who are working at nearby or come for other activities based on the parking sharing strategy. The paper analyzes the distribution of vehicle arrival numbers and parking durations, then establishes a shared parking allocation model aiming to maximize the parking benefit considering the overtime-parking behavior of the parking users. Simulation methods are used to the analyze the relationship among the parking benefit, proportion of reserved parking, numbers of parking demand, acceptance rate of parking demand and utilization of shared parking spaces. Then, based on the principle of maximum parking benefit, we can determine the optimal proportion of reserved parking, number of shared parking spaces that should be purchased from the residents. Taking the utilization of shared parking spaces as an indicator, the validity of the static allocation principle is proved to be effective. Some allocation rules for parking demand are proposed to guarantees the maximum parking revenue and minimum impact on residents simultaneously.


Assuntos
Modelos Logísticos , Estacionamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamento Cooperativo
18.
Sci Total Environ ; 735: 139572, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32480142

RESUMO

Metabolites in root-zone soils mediate microbe-to-microbe interactions and govern the overall microbial community. However, how chemicals relate to diversity and co-occurrence patterns of bacterial communities in root-associated soils is still poorly understood. Here, we studied the relationships of soil metabolome with bacterial community diversity and co-occurrence patterns in root-associated soils across different land types on the Tibetan Plateau. The soil metabolome mainly encompassed a range of organic acids, and sugars and sugar derivatives, which were widely negatively correlated with bacterial alpha-diversity. Compared to the investigated environmental variables, metabolites accounted more for the variations in the Shannon diversity and bacterial community compositions. Compared to sugars, organic acids accounted more for bacterial community compositions at high taxonomic ranks, while reversed at genus and species levels. The relative abundances of some bacterial genera and metabolites were closely linked to soil types and plant genotypes. The differential compounds were significantly correlated with the distinctive bacterial taxa across land types and plant genotypes. Keystone species in co-occurrence network, such as Bradyrhizobium, Bryobacter, and Microvirga were significantly correlated with sugars and organic acids. Structural equation modeling revealed that sugar metabolism can play a crucial role in altering the bacterial community diversity. This study provides new insights into the ecological mechanism that maintains bacterial community in the root-associated soils on the Tibetan Plateau.


Assuntos
Microbiologia do Solo , Solo , Bactérias , Metaboloma , Tibet
19.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(6): 702-706, 2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32538559

RESUMO

Objective: To explore effectiveness of reduction and internal fixation via modified anterolateral supra-fibular-head approach in treatment of tibial plateau fractures involving posterolateral column. Methods: Between January 2016 and September 2018, 19 patients diagnosed as tibial plateau fractures involving posterolateral column were treated with reduction and internal fixation via modified anterolateral supra-fibular-head approach. There were 11 males and 8 females with an average age of 43.2 years (range, 28-65 years). The causes of tibial fracture were traffic accident (12 patients), falling injury (5 patients), and falling from height (2 patients). According to the Schatzker typing, the tibial fractures were rated as type Ⅱ in 9 cases, type Ⅲ in 4 cases, type Ⅴ in 4 cases, and type Ⅵ in 2 cases. The time from injury to operation was 5-13 days (mean, 8.5 days). There were 2 patients with osteoporosis. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, and postoperative complications were recorded. The knee X-ray film was reviewed regularly to observe the fracture healing. At last follow-up, the fracture reductions were evaluated by Rasmussen radiological score. The knee joint function was evaluated by Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) score system. Results: The average operation time was 95 minutes (range, 65-130 minutes). The average intraoperative blood loss was 220 mL (range, 150-350 mL). All incisions healed by first intention. No complications such as infection or deep venous thrombosis occurred. All patients were followed up 12-20 months (mean, 15.4 months). X-ray films showed that the fractures healed with the healing time of 12-20 weeks (mean, 14.5 weeks). No complications such as loosening or breakage of internal fixation occurred. At last follow-up, according to the Rasmussen radiological score, the fracture reductions were evaluated as excellent in 13 cases, good in 4 cases, fair in 1 case, and poor in 1 case. HSS scores of knee joint function were excellent in 14 cases, good in 3 cases, fair in 1 case, and poor in 1 case. The knee joint range of motion was 90°-135°, with an average of 113.4°. Conclusion: Application of modified anterolateral supra-fibular-head approach in reduction and internal fixation for tibial plateau fractures involving posterolateral column has the advantages of full exposure, less trauma, safety, and reliable reduction and fixation.


Assuntos
Fíbula , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Fraturas da Tíbia , Adulto , Idoso , Placas Ósseas/normas , Feminino , Fíbula/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/normas , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fraturas da Tíbia/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Biosci Rep ; 40(6)2020 06 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32515469

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Genistein is widely used as a pharmacological compound as well as a food additive. However, the pharmaceutical effects of Genistein on myocarditis and its potential mechanisms have not been studied in detail. METHODS: H9c2 cells were continuously stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) for 12 h to simulate the in vitro model of myocarditis injury. DrugBank, String, and GEO dataset were used to investigate specific genes that interacting with Genistein. KEGG and GO enrichment analysis were employed to explore Myc-related signaling pathways. Biological behaviors of H9c2 cells were observed with the support of cell counting kit-8, MTT and flow cytometry. Expression levels of cytokines including TNF-α and ILs were evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Western blot was applied to detect the expression of Myc and MAPK pathway related proteins. RESULTS: Genistein alleviated the damage of H9c2 cells subjected to LPS from the perspective of elevating cells growth ability, and inhibiting cells apoptosis and inflammatory response. Through bioinformatics analysis, we identified Myc as the potential target of Genistein in myocarditis, and MAPK as the signaling pathway. Significantly, Myc was highly up-regulated in myocarditis samples. More importantly, by performing biological experiments, we discovered that Genistein relieved H9c2 cells apoptosis and inflammatory reaction which caused by LPS stimulation through inhibiting Myc expression. Additionally, the marked augmentation of p-P38 MAPK and p-JNK expression in LPS-induced cardiomyocyte model were blocked by Genistein and si-Myc. CONCLUSIONS: Our research revealed that Myc mediated the protective effects of Genistein on H9c2 cells damage caused by LPS partly through modulation of MAPK/JNK signaling pathway.

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