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1.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706989

RESUMO

Cytotoxic chemotherapies could cause the dysregulation of hematopoiesis and even put patients at increased risk of hematopoietic malignancy. Therapy-related leukemia is mainly caused by cytotoxic chemotherapy-induced genetic mutations in hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs). In addition to the intrinsic mechanism, some extrinsic events occurring in the bone marrow (BM) microenvironment are also possible mechanisms involved in genetic alteration. In the present study, we investigated the damage to BM stromal cells induced by a chemotherapy drug, daunorubicin (DNR) and further identified the DNA damage in hematopoietic cells caused by drug-treated stromal cells. It was found that treatment with DNR in mice caused a temporary reduction in cell number in each BM stromal cell subpopulation and the impairment of clonal growth potential in BM stromal cells. DNR treatment led to a tendency of senescence, generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species, production of cytokines and chemokines, and dysfunction of mitochondrial in stromal cells. Transcriptome microarray data and gene ontology (GO) or gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) showed that differentially expressed genes that were down-regulated in response to DNR treatment were significantly enriched in mitochondrion function, and negative regulators of reactive oxygen species. Surprisingly, it was found that DNR-treated stromal cells secreted high levels of H2O2 into the culture supernatant. Furthermore, coculture of hematopoietic cells with DNR-treated stromal cells led to the accumulation of DNA damage as determined by the levels of histone H2AX phosphorylation and 8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine in hematopoietic cells. Overall, our results suggest that DNR-induced BM stromal cell damage can lead to genomic instability in hematopoietic cells.

2.
Leukemia ; 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31591469

RESUMO

Recent attempts have focused on identifying fewer magnitude of minimal residual disease (MRD) rather than exploring the biological and genetic features of the residual plasma cells (PCs). Here, a cohort of 193 patients with at least one cytogenetic abnormalities (CA) at diagnosis were analyzed, and interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (iFISH) analyses were performed in patient-paired diagnostic and posttherapy samples. Persistent CA in residual PCs were observed for the majority of patients (63%), even detectable in 28/63 (44%) patients with MRD negativity (<10-4). The absence of CA in residual PCs was associated with prolonged survival regardless of MRD status. According to the change of the clonal size of specific CA, patients were clustered into five groups, reflecting different patterns of clone selection under therapy pressure. Therapy-induced clonal selection exerted a significant impact on survival (HR = 4.0; P < 0.001). According to the longitudinal cytogenetic studies at relapse, sequential cytogenetic dynamics were observed in most patients, and cytogenetic architecture of residual PCs could to some extent predict the evolutional pattern at relapse. Collectively, the repeat cytogenetic evaluation in residual PCs could not only serves as a good complementary tool for MRD detection, but also provides a better understanding of clinical response and clonal evolution.

3.
Blood Adv ; 3(19): 2895-2904, 2019 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594763

RESUMO

Rapid remission by induction therapy has long been recognized as an important predictor for long-time survival in acute leukemia. However, the impact of response kinetics on multiple myeloma (MM) seems to be different and remains unexplored. The relationship between response kinetics and outcome were assessed in 626 patients with newly diagnosed MM who were included in a prospective, nonrandomized clinical trial (BDH 2008/02). Patients were assigned to either immunomodulatory drug- or proteasome inhibitor-based therapy. The response depth, time to best response (TBR) and duration of best response (DBR) were collected. Depth of response was associated with superior outcomes, consistent with findings from other studies. However, the early responders (defined as TBR ≤3 months) showed significantly worse survival compared with late responders. We found that patients with rapid complete remission experienced inferior survivals comparable to those attaining a gradual partial remission. Moreover, 4 distinct response kinetics patterns were identified. Patients with gradual and sustained remission ("U-valley" pattern) experienced superior outcomes, whereas poor outcomes were observed in rapid and transient responders ("roller coaster" pattern) (median overall survival, 126 vs 30 months). The effects of response patterns on survival were confirmed in patients at different stages of disease and cytogenetic risk, including transplant-eligible patients and those attaining different extents of response depth. Collectively, our data indicated that slow and gradual response is a favorable prognostic factor in MM. In addition to response depth, the kinetic pattern of response is a simple and powerful predictor for survival even in the era of novel agents.

4.
Eur J Radiol ; 119: 108658, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31521878

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To establish a radiomics nomogram integrating clinical factors and radiomics features from ultrasound for the preoperative diagnosis axillary lymph node (ALN) status in patients with early-stage invasive breast cancer (EIBC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between September 2016 and December 2018, four hundred twenty-six ultrasound manually segmented images of patients with EIBC were enrolled in our retrospective study, which were divided into a primary cohort (n = 300) and a validation cohort (n = 126). A radiomics signature was built with the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) algorithm in the primary cohort. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to establish a radiomics nomogram model based on radiomics signature and clinical variables. The performance of nomogram was quantified with respect to discrimination and calibration. The radiomics model was further evaluated in the internal validation cohort. RESULTS: The radiomics signature, consisted of fourteen selected ALN-status-related features, achieved moderate prediction efficacy with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.78 and 0.71 in the primary and validation cohorts respectively. The radiomics nomogram, comprising tumor size, US-reported LN status and radiomics signature, showed good calibration and favorite performance for ALN detection (AUC 0.84 and 0.81 in the primary and validation cohort). The decision curve which was demonstrated the radiomics nomogram displayed good clinical utility. CONCLUSION: The radiomics nomogram could hold promise as a non-invasive and reliable tool in predicting ALN metastasis and may facilitate to develop more effective preoperative decision-making.

6.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(3): 637-640, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31204910

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical features and therapeutic efficacy in adult ALL patients with t (1; 19) (E2A-PBX1). METHODS: The clinic data of 19 adult ALL patients with t (1; 19) (E2A-PBX1) in our hospital from Nov. 22, 2010 to Apr. 4, 2018 were collected. The clinical features,complete remission (CR) rate, overall survival (OS) rate and relapse-free survival (RFS) rate of patients received chemotherapy and chemotherapy+HSCT were analyzed. RESULTS: In all the 19 patients, the median age was 24 (14-66), median WBC count was 16.47×109 (1.8-170.34)/L, median Hb level was 98 (65-176) g/L, median Plt count was 50 (15-254)×109/L. Pre B-ALL were 17 cases (89.5%), and common B-ALL were 2 cases (10.5%). Patients received the induction therapy, the overall CR rate was 94.7%, one course CR rate was 94.7%, 4 year OS rate was 47.1% and RFS rate was 43.3%. The OS rate and RFS rate of patients received transplantation were slightly higher than those of patients not received transplantation (OS: 62.5% vs 36.7%) (P=0.188);RFS (62.5% vs 38.9%) (P=0.166). CONCLUSION: Most adult ALL patients with t (1; 19) (E2A-PBX1) is Pre B-ALL by Immunophenotyping, as compared with the pediatric patients, the therapeutic efficacy for adult patients with t (1; 19) (E2A-PBX1) is worsen, therefore, stem cell transplantation is still acquired for better long term survival.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Adulto , Cromossomos Humanos Par 1 , Cromossomos Humanos Par 19 , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Recidiva , Indução de Remissão
7.
J Hematol Oncol ; 12(1): 49, 2019 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31097020

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chimeric antigen receptor engineered T cells (CAR-T) have demonstrated extraordinary efficacy in B cell malignancy therapy and have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for diffuse large B cell lymphoma and acute B lymphocytic leukemia treatment. However, treatment of T cell malignancies using CAR-T cells remains limited due to the shared antigens between malignant T cells and normal T cells. CD5 is considered one of the important characteristic markers of malignant T cells and is expressed on almost all normal T cells but not on NK-92 cells. Recently, NK-92 cells have been utilized as CAR-modified immune cells. However, in preclinical models, CAR-T cells seem to be superior to CAR-NK-92 cells. Therefore, we speculate that in addition to the short lifespan of NK-92 cells in mice, the costimulatory domain used in CAR constructs might not be suitable for CAR-NK-92 cell engineering. METHODS: Two second-generation anti-CD5 CAR plasmids with different costimulatory domains were constructed, one using the T-cell-associated activating receptor-4-1BB (BB.z) and the other using a NK-cell-associated activating receptor-2B4 (2B4.z). Subsequently, BB.z-NK and 2B4.z-NK were generated. Specific cytotoxicity against CD5+ malignant cell lines, primary CD5+ malignant cells, and normal T cells was evaluated in vitro. Moreover, a CD5+ T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) mouse model was established and used to assess the efficacy of CD5-CAR NK immunotherapy in vivo. RESULTS: Both BB.z-NK and 2B4.z-NK exhibited specific cytotoxicity against CD5+ malignant cells in vitro and prolonged the survival of T-ALL xenograft mice. Encouragingly, 2B4.z-NK cells displayed greater anti-CD5+ malignancy capacity than that of BB.z-NK, accompanied by a greater direct lytic side effect versus BB.z-NK. CONCLUSIONS: Anti-CD5 CAR-NK cells, particularly those constructed with the intracellular domain of NK-cell-associated activating receptor 2B4, may be a promising strategy for T cell malignancy treatment.

8.
J Hematol Oncol ; 12(1): 46, 2019 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31023384

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: PD-1/PD-L1 blockade can confer durable benefits in the treatment of metastatic cancers, but the response rate remains modest and potential adverse effects occur sometimes. Concentrating immunotherapeutic agents at the site of disease was believed to break local immune tolerance and reduce systemic toxicity. E1A-engineered mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC.E1A) was an attractive transfer system that preferentially homing and treating cancer metastasis, through which the tumor cells were modified by locally replicated adenoviruses to release CD3-HAC, a bifunctional fusion protein that anti-CD3 scfv linked with high-affinity consensus (HAC) PD-1. Subsequently, CD3-HAC, wbich was bound on PD-L1-positive breast cancer cells, recruited T cells to exhibit a potent antitumor immunity incombination with immune checkpoint blockade. METHODS: We constructed the CD3-HAC gene driven by human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) promoter into an adenoviral vector and the E1A gene into the lentiviral vector. The homing property of MSCs in vivo was analyzed with firefly luciferase-labeled MSCs (MSC.Luc) by bioluminescent imaging (BLI). The cytotoxicity of T cells induced by CD3-HAC towards PD-L1-positive cells was detected in vitro and in vivo in combination with 5-FU. RESULTS: Our data suggest that CD3-HAC could specifically bind to PD-L1-positive tumor cells and induce lymphocyte-mediated lysis effectively both in vitro and in vivo. The intervention with HAC diminished the effects of PD-1/PD-L1 axis on T cells exposed to MDA-MB-231 cells and increased lymphocytes activation. MSCs infected by AdCD3-HAC followed by LentiR.E1A could specially migrate to metastasis of breast cancer and produce adenoviruses in the tumor sites. Furthermore, treatment with MSC.CD3-HAC.E1A in combination with 5-FU significantly inhibited the tumor growth in mice. CONCLUSIONS: This adenovirus-loaded MSC.E1A system provides a promising strategy for the identification and elimination of metastasis with locally released immuno-modulator.

9.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(2): 354-359, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30998137

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical biological characteristics and prognosis of the patients with mixed phenotype acute leukemia with t(9;22)(q34;q11.2) and/or BCRABL1 (Ph+ MPAL). METHODS: The morphological, immunological, cytogenetic, and molecular features of 33 in patients with Ph+ MPAL were retrospectively analyzed in our center from June 2002 to June 2016 according to the scoring proposal of European Group for the Classification of Acute Leukemia(EGIL )1998 and WHO 2008 criteria. All the cases were either treated with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) induction regimen or combined chemotherapy regimens for both acute lymphoblastic and acute myeloid leukemia,part of which also received tyrosine kinase inhibitor(TKI) and 5 cases underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) after complete remission. RESULTS: Ph+ MPAL occurred predominantly in male patients (ratio of M/F was 1.75∶1), and a high WBC counts at diagnosis; the WBC count was higher than 30×109/L in 25 patients( 75.8% ), and appeared higher than 100 ×109/L in 13 patients ( 39.4%). Among all the 33 Ph+MPAL patients, 32 (97.0%) had a myeloid / B-lymphoid (M/B) phenotype, and 1 case(3.0%) had a myeloid/ B-lymphoid/ T-lymphoid/ (M/B/T) phenotype. There was no patients displayed myeloid / T-lymphoid (M/T) or B-lymphoid/ T-lymphoid/ (B/T) phenotype. 19 of all cases(57.6%) met the diagnosis criteria of Ph+MPAL based on EGIL 1998 criteria, while the remaining 14 cases can be diagnosed as Ph+ MPAL by WHO 2008 classification,but excluded as Ph+MAPL by EGIL 1998.Karyotype analysis was successfully performed in 31 cases, and out of them 13 (41.9%) had a sole Ph chromosome, 10 (32.3%) had additional chromosome aberration and Ph chromosome was not found in 8 cases (25.8%) .In 31 patients the fusion gene BCR/ABL (P190、P210) was detected,including 17 (54.8%) cases with the p190 BCR/ABL transcript, 8 (25.8%) cases with the p210 BCR/ABL transcript, 4 (12.9%) expressing both transcripts and 2 (6.5%) without any one of these 2 transcripts. 24 out of 33 patients (77.4%) achieved complete remission after induction therapy. The median time achieving CR was 43(26-98)days. The CR rate of patients treated with and without imatinib after the first inducion treatment was 81.3% and 46.7%,respectively (P+0.05). Within the 17 patients treated with imatinib at induction stage,2 of which became BCR/ABLnegative.At consolidation chemotherapy stage, 9 out of 16 patients became BCR/ABL negative, including 3 patients already subjected to HSCT. The median time reached to BCR/ABL negative was 2.87(1.13-9.20)months. CONCLUSION: Ph+ MPAL is more common in male, and inclined to high WBC counts at diagnosis. Myeloid/B lymphoid phenotype is more common, and the prognosis of patients with Ph+MPAL is poor. Imatinib and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation may improve survival of patients with Ph+MPAL.


Assuntos
Leucemia , Doença Aguda , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl , Humanos , Masculino , Fenótipo , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Haematologica ; 104(8): 1597-1607, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30792202

RESUMO

RUNX1 is a key transcription factor in hematopoiesis and its disruption is one of the most common aberrations in acute myeloid leukemia. RUNX1 alterations affect its DNA binding capacity and transcriptional activities, leading to the deregulation of transcriptional targets, and abnormal proliferation and differentiation of myeloid cells. Identification of RUNX1 target genes and clarification of their biological functions are of great importance in the search for new therapeutic strategies for RUNX1-altered leukemia. In this study, we identified and confirmed that KLF4, a known tumor suppressor gene, as a direct target of RUNX1, was down-regulated in RUNX1-ETO leukemia. RUNX1 bound to KLF4 promoter in chromatin to activate its transcription, while the leukemogenic RUNX1-ETO fusion protein had little effect on this transactivation. KLF4 was also identified as a novel binding partner of RUNX1. RUNX1 interacted with KLF4 through Runt domain and further co-activated its target genes. However, RUNX1-ETO competed with RUNX1 to bind KLF4 through Runt and ETO domains, and abrogated transcription of KLF4. Finally, overexpression experiments indicated that RUNX1 inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis of t(8;21) leukemia cells via KLF4-mediated upregulation of P57. These data suggest KLF4 dysregulation mediated by RUNX1-ETO enhances proliferation and retards apoptosis, and provides a potential target for therapy of t(8;21) acute myeloid leukemia.

11.
Ann Hematol ; 98(3): 633-645, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30635765

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy and safety of nilotinib combined with multi-agent chemotherapy in newly diagnosed Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ ALL). Thirty patients with Ph+ ALL were recruited. Standard induction chemotherapy was given for 4 weeks. Nilotinib was administered beginning on day 15 of induction. After achieving hematologic complete remission (HCR), patients received either seven courses of consolidation or hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Nilotinib was continued 2 years after achieving HCR or before stem cell transplantation conditioning. HCR and molecular complete response (MCR), overall survival (OS), hematologic relapse-free survival (HRFS), molecular relapse-free survival (MRFS), toxicity, and nilotinib levels in the serum and cerebrospinal fluid were evaluated. All patients achieved HCR, and cumulative MCR rate was 83.3%. The median HRFS and OS were 18 and 47.5 months, respectively. Four-year HRFS and OS rates were 54% and 45%, respectively. The median MRFS and 4-year MRFS for the patients with MCR were 19 months and 45%, respectively. The molecular response of patients after induction cycle had no impact on HRFS, MRFS, or OS. The patients who achieved MCR after 3 and 6 months had superior HRFS. The HCT cohort in the first HCR had significantly lower rates of relapse and longer MRFS, HRFS, and OS. Most adverse events were reversible with dose reduction or transient interruption of nilotinib therapy. Only traces of nilotinib were detected in cerebrospinal fluid. Nilotinib combined with cytotoxic chemotherapy was effective and translated to a high HCR and MCR for patients with Ph+ ALL. It should be noted that nilotinib cannot cross the blood-brain barrier.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Terapia Combinada , Quimioterapia de Consolidação , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/genética , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Estudos Prospectivos , Pirimidinas/administração & dosagem , Pirimidinas/efeitos adversos , Pirimidinas/análise , Indução de Remissão , Terapia de Salvação , Adulto Jovem
12.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 35(6): 879-882, 2018 Dec 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30512169

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical and laboratory characteristics of hematopoietic tumor with t(5;12)(q33;p13). To sum up the similarities and differences of these diseases. METHODS: The chromosome samples were prepared by short-term training of bone marrow cells, and the karyotype analysis was carried out by R or G band. Using PDGFRb dual color fracture rearrangement probe and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) technology to detect the rearrangement of the gene, the immune-typing analysis was performed using flow cytometry. For 7 cases with t(5;12)(q33;p13) patients with hematopathy were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Seven patients were diagnosed with different diagnoses, mainly male. Nuclear type analysis 5 cases of t(5;12)(q33;p13) was of primary abnormality and 2 cases of secondary abnormality. Five of the seven patients were treated and two untreated. Among the treatment patients, two cases were fatal, two case was lost and one case was treated with combined chemotherapy with dasatinib targeted therapy. The treatment process was successful and is still in hospital. CONCLUSION: With t (5;12) (q33;p13) blood system tumors are rare and have unique clinical and laboratory characteristics. At the same time, the heterogeneity is obvious, the patients with tyrosine kinase inhibitor combined with chemotherapy have good effect and good prognosis, and the prognosis of chemotherapy alone is poor.

13.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 26(6): 1589-1597, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30501689

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To screen the differentially expressed proteins at the early stage of K562 cells treated with meisoindigo by using tandem mass tags (TMT)-based proteomics technology, and to explore the mechanism for meisoindigo-inducing apoptosis. METHODS: The half inhibitory concentration (IC50) of mesoindigo on K562 cells was determined by CCK8. The flow cytometry was used to assay the apoptosis of K562 cells treated by meisoindigo or DMSO. Total proteins were extracted from the cells treated with 0.2% DMSO (control) or 20 µmol/L meisoindigo (Test) for 2 hours. Then, the TMT-labeling HPLC-MS/MS was used to identify and quantify the peptides and their abundance, all the tests were repeated for 3 times. The Mascot software was used to identify the proteins; the GO annotations, enrichment and cluster analysis were used to analyze the differentially expressed proteins. RESULTS: Meisoindigo-induced K562 cell apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner (r=0.98), 5 544 proteins were identified, 4792 of which were quantified. The protein with expression difference>1.5-folds in Test group accoanted for 8, out of which the expression of 4 proteins were up-regulated and 4 were down-regulated. The differentially expressed proteins mainly associated with reactive oxygen species (ROS). CONCLUSION: Several proteins including DDIT4 were found to have dramatic changes in the early stage of K562 cells treated with meisoindigo by using quantitative proteomics technology. The ROS metabolic process may play important roles in meisoindigo-inducing apoptosis of K562 cells.

14.
Hum Gene Ther ; 2018 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30381966

RESUMO

CD20 is an effective immunotherapy target for CD20+ B-cell malignant cells. Monoclonal antibody, especially Rituximab, has been a conventional strategy in the treatment of B-cell malignancies such as non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). However, treatment with monoclonal antibodies has not been enough to overcome the refractory/relapsed problems. Chimeric antigen receptor engineered T (CAR-T) cells have revealed excellent therapeutic effect on lymphocytic leukemia in recent years. In this study, a CD20 specific CAR was constructed and the cytotoxic efficacy of CD20 CAR-T cells on B-cell malignant cells was evaluated by CD107a degranulation, pro-inflammation cytokine production and true lytic ability in vitro and in vivo. It was found that CD20 CAR-T cells possessed stronger cytotoxic ability against CD20 highly expressed cells. Furthermore, when histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi) was used to enhance the expression of CD20 antigen on the surface of B-cell malignant cells via inducing acetylation of H3K9 on CD20 promoter site, it revealed that the cytotoxicity of CD20 CAR-T cells against HDACi treated B-cell malignant cells was significantly enhanced.

15.
Int J Hematol Oncol ; 7(2): IJH06, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30405901

RESUMO

Aim: Chinese adults with relapsed/refractory Philadelphia chromosome-negative B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph- ALL) have poor outcomes. Patients & methods: We conducted a nationwide, retrospective, observational study to assess outcomes in this patient population. Results: Of the 270 enrolled patients, 31% of patients at last salvage achieved complete remission (CR) or CR with partial hematologic recovery (CRh), with median time to CR/CRh of 30 days and median CR/CRh duration of 2.7 months. The CR/CRh rate was more favorable with earlier versus later lines of salvage (41, 24 and 17% at first, second and third or later salvages, respectively). Conclusion: This dataset serves as an important reference of real-world outcomes using currently available chemotherapy regimens for high-risk Chinese adults with relapsed/refractory Ph- ALL.

16.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 39(9): 724-728, 2018 Sep 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30369181

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the predictive value of minimal residual disease (MRD) level in Ph-negative precursor B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients. Methods: De novo 193 Ph-negative B-ALL patients from Sep 2010 to Nov 2017 were involved in the study. The patients' MRD evaluation which can be performed by multiparametric flow cytometry (MFC) after 1 month, 3-month, 6-month treatment. Relapse free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) were compared in patients with different MRD level. Results: The median follow-up was 22 months. All patients was evaluated at 497 MRD level. Patients who reach the good MRD level at 1 month (<0.1% or ≥0.1%), 3-month (negative or positive), 6-month (negative or positive) had a significantly higher probability of estimated RFS (74.5% vs 29.9%; 75.6% vs 29.7%; 74.6% vs 11.6%) and of estimated OS (67.5% vs 30.3%; 71.6% vs 27.8%; 74.0% vs 15.7%). Patients who reach the MRD negative at all 3 times had a significantly higher probability of estimated RFS (80.5% vs 30.5%) and better estimated OS (77.1% vs 29.4%) compared to patients with at least MRD failure in one time (P<0.001). Multivariable analysis showed MRD level at 3-month was an independent prognostic factor for DFS and OS. Conclusion: MRD is an important prognosis factor for Ph-negative B- ALL patients.

17.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 26(5): 1269-1274, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30295237

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of primary prophylaxis of voriconazole against invasive infection of pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) during remission-induction chemotherapy (RIC) of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). METHODS: Clinical data of 102 de novo AML patients who received primary anti-IPA prophylaxis during the first induction chemotherapy were analyzed retrospectively. All the cases were divided into voriconazole-treated group and posaconazole-treated group according to the prophylactic agent. The incidences of IPA and systemic antifungal treatment during induction chemotherapy were analyzed for both groups. RESULTS: Among 102 enrolled cases, 42 cases received voriconazole and other 60 received posaconazole as primary prophylaxis. IPA occurred in 3 cases of voriconazole group (1 probable, 2 possible); IPA occurred in 4 cases of posaconazose group, and all were possible cases. The incidence of IPA during remission-induction chemotherapy in variconazole group equaled to posaconazose group (7.1% vs. 6.7%) (P=0.925). Beside IPA cases, 2 cases in voriconazole group and 4 cases in posaconazole group received intravenous anti aspergillosis drugs preemptive treatment, and no significant difference of prophylactic success rate was observed between two groups (88.1% vs. 86.7%) (P=0.831). Visual disturbance was the most common adverse event occurred in voriconazole group, but no significant differences of incidences of other adverse effects were observed when compared with posaconazole group. CONCLUSION: According to similar prophylactic effect with posaconazole, voriconazole appears to be a good alternative for primary prophylaxis of IPA during remission-induction chemotherapy in AML patients.

18.
Int J Lab Hematol ; 2018 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30264491

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The translocation t(8;21) is one of the most frequent chromosome translocations in AML. Molecular (cyto)genetics is regarded as the gold standard for diagnosis. However, due to the complicated variety of AML-related genetic abnormalities, comprehensive screening for all of these abnormalities may not be cost-effective. Therefore, a flow cytometric (FC) scoring system was generated in this study for rapid screening and diagnosis of t(8;21)AML. METHODS: The immunophenotypic characteristics of leukemic cells and neutrophils in cases with t(8;21) AML or other subtypes of AML were analyzed to find a method for the flow diagnosis of t(8;21) AML. RESULTS: In this study, we picked six FC features pointing to the diagnosis of t(8;21) AML: The blasts show high-intensity expression of CD34; aberrant expression of CD19, cCD79a, and CD56 in myeloblasts; co-expression of CD56 in neutrophils, especially in immature neutrophils; and a maturity disturbance in granulocytes. A six-point score was devised using these features. By ROC analysis, the AUC was 0.952, and the sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV were 0.86, 0.90. 0.91, and 0.84 when the score was ≥3 points. The score was then prospectively validated on an independent cohort, and the AUC of the ROC curve for the validation cohort was 0.975. When the cutoff value was set at 3, the obtained sensitivity and specificity values were 0.91 and 0.94, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The FC score described can be used for the identification and rapid screening of t(8;21) AML.

19.
Stem Cells ; 36(11): 1685-1696, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30106501

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is initiated and maintained by a unique, small subset of leukemia cells known as leukemia stem cells (LSCs). Self-renewal, quiescence, and chemotherapy resistance are key stemness properties of LSCs that are essential for poor clinical responses to conventional therapies. Identifying LSC surface markers and targeting LSCs are important for the development of potential therapies. In this study, application of chemotherapy treatment in AML-ETO9a (AE9a) leukemia mice led to the enrichment of a chemotherapy-resistant cell population identified as Lin- c-Kit+ c-MPL+ . In addition, this c-MPL-positive cell population within Lin- c-Kit+ leukemia cells included a high percentage of cells in a quiescent state, enhanced colony formation ability, and increased homing efficiency. Serial transplantation demonstrated that Lin- c-Kit+ c-MPL+ cells displayed a significantly high potential for leukemia initiation. Furthermore, it was demonstrated that in AML patients, c-MPL was expressed on the majority of CD34+ leukemia cells and that the proportion of c-MPL+ cells in CD34+ leukemia cells is associated with poor prognosis. Finally, AMM2, an inhibitor of c-MPL, was shown to significantly enhance the survival of AE9a leukemia mice when combined with chemotherapeutic agent. These results indicate that c-MPL is a candidate LSC surface marker that may serve as a therapeutic target for the elimination of LSCs. Stem Cells 2018;36:1685-1696.

20.
Front Med ; 2018 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30159669

RESUMO

Dasatinib is a highly effective second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor used to treat chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). In 2007, a pivotal phase-2 study of dasatinib as second-line treatment was initiated in 140 Chinese CML patients. This report from the 4-year follow-up revealed that 73% of 59 patients in chronic phase (CML-CP) and 32% of 25 patients in accelerated phase (CML-AP) remained under treatment. The initial dosage of dasatinib for CML-CP and CML-AP patients were 100 mg once daily and 70 mg twice daily (total = 140 mg/ day), respectively. The cumulative major cytogenetic response (MCyR) rate among patients with CML-CP was 66.1% (versus 50.8% at 18 months), and the median time to MCyR was 12.7 weeks. All CML-CP patients who achieved MCyR after a 4-year follow-up also achieved a complete cytogenetic response. The cumulative complete hematological response (CHR) rate among patients with CML-AP was 64% (16/25), with three CML-AP patients achieving CHR between 18 months and 4 years of follow-up; the median time to CHR was 16.4 weeks. The adverse event (AE) profile of dasatinib at 4 years was similar to that at 6 and 18 months. The most frequently reported AEs (any grade) included pleural effusion, headache, and myelosuppression. These long-term follow-up data continue to support dasatinib as a second-line treatment for Chinese patients with CML.

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