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1.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 285: 121875, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36170777

RESUMO

In this work, a new colorimetric method for the determination of Glutathione (GSH) on the basis of stable free radical 2,2,6,6 - tetramethylpiperidine - 1 - oxyl (TEMPO) oxidation of 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzizine (TMB) via copper(II) acetylacetonate (Cu(acac)2) catalysis was proposed. TEMPO was catalyzed by Cu(acac)2 to produce TEMPO+, then TEMPO+ oxidized TMB to produce oxidized TMB (ox - TMB). The resulting ox - TMB showed blue and possessed a distinct absorption peak about 650 nm. Whereas, GSH prohibited the generation of ox - TMB through inhibiting TMB oxidation. As compared to the case that GSH was absent, significantly enhanced absorption was determined, and was proportional to GSH amount. On this basis, a qualitative and quantitative detection method of GSH with the naked eye and the microplate reader was achieved. The developed TEMPO - based method achieved GSH biosensing with improved sensitivity in a good specificity - manner. The limit of detection (LOD) was 90 µM via naked eye, and the microplate reader was 4.71 µM. And the stable free radical TEMPO possessed higher stability and lower toxicity than traditional oxidant of H2O2. Moreover, this TEMPO - based method achieved good results in the detection of GSH in human serums.


Assuntos
Colorimetria , Cobre , Humanos , Colorimetria/métodos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Catálise , Glutationa , Limite de Detecção
2.
Sci Total Environ ; 856(Pt 1): 158973, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36162587

RESUMO

The stable nitrite (NO2--N) generation and rapid startup of anammox-based process are the main bottlenecks hindering its application in mainstream municipal wastewater treatment. In this study, a Partial-Denitrification (PD) system reducing nitrate (NO3--N) to NO2--N was rapidly developed within 40 days, using the nitrification/denitrification sludge from wastewater treatment plant. The NO3--N to NO2--N transformation ratios achieved 80.6 %. Significantly, a fast self-enrichment of anammox bacteria in this system was subsequently obtained, resulting in the successful transformation to an efficient PD/Anammox (PD/A) process after 79-day operation. The total nitrogen removal efficiency increased from 12.4 % to 90.0 % with influent ammonia and nitrate of 45.9 mg N/L and 62.2 mg N/L, corresponding to the anammox activity significantly increasing to 6.0 mgNH4+-N/g VSS/h without seeding anammox sludge. Abundance of anammox increased from 6.7 × 108 to 2.0 × 1011 copies/g dry sludge. High-throughput sequencing results showed that Candidatus Brocadia was the only known anammox genus and accounted for 1.08 % during the PD/A stage. Functional bacteria for PD, assumed to be the Thauera, was enriched from 1.99 % to 60.06 % but decreased to 32.49 % during the improvement of anammox activity. It demonstrated that the PD system with stable NO2--N accumulation enabled a rapid self-enrichment of anammox bacteria and sufficient nitrogen removal with ordinary nitrification/denitrification sludge. This provides new insights into the scaling application of anammox by integrating PD with shortened startup periods and improved TN removal efficiency.


Assuntos
Nitrificação , Esgotos , Esgotos/microbiologia , Desnitrificação , Nitratos , Reatores Biológicos/microbiologia , Oxidação Anaeróbia da Amônia , Dióxido de Nitrogênio , Águas Residuárias/microbiologia , Oxirredução , Nitrogênio , Bactérias
3.
Bioact Mater ; 23: 53-68, 2023 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36406253

RESUMO

The high occurrence rate and difficulties in symptom control are listed as the major problems of oral mucosal disease by medical professionals. Following the development of oral mucosal lesions, the oral microenvironment changes, immunity declines, and continuous bacterial stimulation causes wound infection. Traditional antibacterial drugs are ineffective for oral mucosal lesions. To overcome this problem, a light-responsive antibacterial hydrogel containing sustained-release BMSCs was inspired by the trauma environment in the oral cavity, which is different from that on the body surface since it mostly remains under dark conditions. In the absence of light, the hydrogel seals the wound to form a barrier, exerts a natural bacteriostatic effect, and prevents invasion by foreign bacteria. Simultaneously, mesenchymal stem cells are presented, and the released growth factors and other substances have excellent anti-inflammatory and angiogenic effects, which result in rapid repair of the damaged site. Under light conditions, after photo-induced shedding of the hydrogel, RuB2A exerts an antibacterial effect accompanied by degradation of the hydrogel. Results in a rat oral mucosal repair model demonstrate that DCS-RuB2A2-BMSCs could rapidly repair the oral mucosa within 4 days. Sequencing data provide ideas for further analysis of the intrinsic molecular mechanisms and signaling pathways. Taken together, our results suggest that this light-responsive antibacterial hydrogel loaded with BMSCs can be used for rapid wound repair and may advance the development of therapeutic strategies for the treatment of clinical oral mucosal defects.

4.
Food Chem ; 400: 134036, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36087479

RESUMO

Multi-class antibiotic analysis in aquatic products is still challenging owing to the complex matrix and low co-extraction efficiency of various antibiotics. A facile and sensitive sample pretreatment method based on magnetic dispersive solid-phase extraction was thus developed via systematic optimization of extraction and purification procedure. The multi-class antibiotics can simultaneously be extracted by acetonitrile-2 % acetic acid. Amphiphilic magnetic particles and C18 were used as adsorbents to remove matrix interferences, affording significantly reduced matrix effects of analytes. Under the optimum conditions, satisfactory linearity, recovery, precision, and sensitivity were achieved. The method limits of quantification were 0.25-0.5 µg kg-1. Besides, it displayed obvious advantages in operation convenience and efficiency due to the usage of magnetic particles. The developed method was successfully used to analyze antibiotic residues in both freshwater and seafood products, manifesting its suitability for antibiotic residues analysis in aquatic products.


Assuntos
Resíduos de Praguicidas , Polímeros , Acetonitrilas/química , Antibacterianos/análise , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Resíduos de Praguicidas/análise , Polímeros/análise
5.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 1029901, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36340349

RESUMO

As the unique source of carbon in the atmosphere, carbon dioxide (CO2) exerts a strong impact on crop yield and quality. However, CO2 deficiency in greenhouses during the daytime often limits crop productivity. Crucially, climate warming, caused by increased atmospheric CO2, urges global efforts to implement carbon reduction and neutrality, which also bring challenges to current CO2 enrichment systems applied in greenhouses. Thus, there is a timely need to develop cost-effective and environmentally friendly CO2 enrichment technologies as a sustainable approach to promoting agricultural production and alleviating environmental burdens simultaneously. Here we review several common technologies of CO2 enrichment in greenhouse production, and their characteristics and limitations. Some control strategies of CO2 enrichment in distribution, period, and concentration are also discussed. We further introduce promising directions for future CO2 enrichment including 1) agro-industrial symbiosis system (AIS); 2) interdisciplinary application of carbon capture and utilization (CCU); and 3) optimization of CO2 assimilation in C3 crops via biotechnologies. This review aims to provide perspectives on efficient CO2 utilization in greenhouse production.

6.
Front Pediatr ; 10: 966724, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36340718

RESUMO

Vaginal adhesions and stenosis are infrequent long-term sequelae following pediatric pelvic fractures. Patients may not present with signs and symptoms before menarche, leading to delayed diagnosis and treatment. We report an adolescent girl who presented with a post-abdominal trauma pelvic fracture and urethrovaginal fistula and subsequent severe vaginal adhesion, which resulted in infection and obstructive symptoms after menarche. Hysteroscopy-guided vaginal adhesion release using an epidural catheter and ultrasonography was performed, followed by vaginal dilation, to resolve obstructive symptoms. For girls with pelvic fractures, education on possible long-term sequelae is required, as is regular follow-up. Timely diagnosis and treatment are important, and hysteroscopic release of vaginal adhesion and postoperative regular vaginal dilation may be an effective treatment.

7.
Glob Chall ; 6(11): 2200076, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36381130

RESUMO

Adsorption and advanced oxidation processes, especially photocatalysis, are amongst the most common water treatment methodologies. Unfortunately, using each of these techniques independently does not fully eliminate the pollutants of diverse nature, which are present in wastewater. Here, an avenue for multifunctional materials for water treatment is opened by reporting for the first time the preparation, characterization, and study of the properties of a novel multifunctional nanocomposite with both adsorption and visible-light-driven photocatalysis abilities. These multifunctional nanocomposites, namely iron (II, III) oxide/poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-methacrylic acid)/silver-titanium dioxide (Fe3O4/P(NIPAM-co-MAA)/Ag-TiO2), are prepared by combining magnetic polymeric microspheres (Fe3O4/P(NIPAM-co-MAA)) with silver-decorated titanium dioxide nanoparticles (Ag-TiO2 NPs). Cationic dyes, such as basic fuchsin (BF), can be adsorbed by the nanocomposites thanks to the carboxylic groups of Fe3O4/P(NIPAM-co-MAA) microspheres. Concomitantly, the presence of Ag-TiO2 NPs endows the system with the visible-light-driven photocatalytic degradation ability toward antibiotics such as ciprofloxacin (CIP) and norfloxacin (NFX). Furthermore, the proposed nanocomposites show antibacterial activity toward Escherichia coli (E. coli), thanks to the presence of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs). Due to the superparamagnetic properties of iron (II, III) oxide nanoparticles (Fe3O4 NPs), the nanocomposites can be also recycled and reused, after the cleaning process, by using an external magnetic field.

8.
Front Oncol ; 12: 1024173, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36387153

RESUMO

Superficial myofibroblastoma (SMF) of the lower female genital tract is a relatively rare benign mesenchymal tumor. The diagnosis is usually challenging as it shares several similar clinicopathological features with other tumors. Herein, we present a case of a 71-year-old Chinese female patient with postmenopausal vaginal bleeding. Colposcopy imaging revealed a well-circumscribed mass in the vagina with a wide pedicle, resembling a mushroom. The patient underwent surgery, and the tumor was histologically diagnosed as SMF. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of colposcopic imaging of a superficial vaginal myofibroblastoma. In this case study, we review the clinicopathological features of SMF of the lower female genital tract reported in the literature to improve the understanding of the disease.

9.
Phys Rev E ; 106(4-1): 044104, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36397467

RESUMO

A dynamical model of a highly efficient heat engine is proposed, where an applied temperature difference maintains the motion of particles around the circuit consisting of two asymmetric narrow channels, in one of which the current flows against the applied thermodynamic forces. Numerical simulations and linear-response analysis suggest that, in the absence of frictional losses, the Carnot efficiency can be achieved in the thermodynamic limit.

10.
Clin Rehabil ; : 2692155221133474, 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36373899

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of robotic-assisted gait training on cardiopulmonary fitness and exercise capacity for people with incomplete spinal cord injury. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, PEDro, CENTRAL and CINAHL were searched from inception until September 4, 2022. Randomized controlled trials that evaluated the effects of robotic-assisted gait training on cardiopulmonary fitness and exercise capacity for individuals with incomplete spinal cord injury were selected. Mean differences (MD) with 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated. The methodological quality was evaluated by the Cochrane Risk of Bias 2.0 tool. Subgroup analyses were conducted according to the time since injury. RESULTS: In total 19 studies involving 770 patients were eligible for analysis. Individuals with acute incomplete spinal cord injury in robotic-assisted gait training groups showed significantly greater improvements in 6-minute walking test (MD 53.32; 95% CI 33.49 to 73.15; P < 0.001), lower extremity motor scale (MD 5.22; 95% CI 3.63 to 6.80; P < 0.001) and walking index for spinal cord injury II (MD 3.18; 95% CI 1.34 to 5.02; P < 0.001). Robotic-assisted gait training improved peak oxygen consumption to a greater degree for chronic incomplete spinal cord injury patients (MD 4.90; 95% CI 0.96 to 8.84; P = 0.01). CONCLUSION: Robot-assisted gait training may be a feasible and effective intervention in terms of cardiopulmonary fitness and exercise capacity for individuals with incomplete spinal cord injury.

11.
Mol Neurobiol ; 2022 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36401705

RESUMO

Phosphatidylserine (PtdSer) is an important anionic phospholipid found in eukaryotic cells and has been proven to serve as a beneficial factor in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases. PtdSer resides in the inner leaflet of the plasma membrane, where it is involved in regulating the AKT and PKC signaling pathways; however, it becomes exposed to the extracellular leaflet during neurodevelopmental processes and neurodegenerative diseases, participating in microglia-mediated synaptic and neuronal phagocytosis. In this paper, we review several characteristics of PtdSer, including the synthesis and translocation of PtdSer, the functions of cytoplasmic and exposed PtdSer, and different PtdSer-detection materials used to further understand the role of PtdSer in the nervous system.

12.
Anal Methods ; 14(44): 4523-4530, 2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36318214

RESUMO

Single miRNAs are not specific and accurate enough to meet the strict diagnosis requirements in practice. Therefore, simultaneous monitoring of multiplexed miRNA in biological samples can not only improve the accuracy and specificity of bioassays but also avoid the squandering of valuable biological specimens. Herein, we designed a metal sulfide nanoparticle-based dual barcode-triggered DNAzyme cascade strategy for the sensitive and simultaneous multiplex miRNA detection in a single assay. Firstly, the capture probes (H1, H2) specifically recognize targets (miRNA-21, miRNA-141), exposing the stem of H1 and H2. Then, with the introduction of a detection probe (CuS-H3, ZnS-H4), the exposed H1 and H2 catalyze the hairpin assembly (CHA) reaction, realizing target miRNA recycling, and forming H1/H3-CuS and H2/H4-ZnS complexes. Subsequently, the formed H1/H3-CuS and H2/H4-ZnS complexes are encoded on magnetic beads through the biotin/streptavidin interaction. The CuS and ZnS nanoparticles captured by magnetic beads release thousands of Cu2+ and Zn2+via the cation exchange reaction. Finally, the released Cu2+ and Zn2+ specially activate the DNAzyme of the catalytic and molecular beacon (CAMB) system. The CAMB system affords an amplified fluorescence signal output by cycling and regenerating the metal ion-dependent DNAzyme to realize multiple enzymatic turnovers. Benefiting from target recycling, nanoparticle amplification, and catalytic and molecular beacon amplification, there is substantial amplification and the target miRNAs can be detected at 0.06 fM (miRNA-21) and 0.048 fM (miRNA-141) in a single assay. Furthermore, the high selectivity and accuracy of the assay were proved by practical analysis of different cancer cells, which exhibited good practicability in multiplex miRNA detection in clinical sera. The results indicate that the proposed strategy holds great potential for the sensitive detection of multiplex cancer biomarkers and offers the opportunity for future applications in clinical diagnosis.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , DNA Catalítico , Nanopartículas Metálicas , MicroRNAs , DNA Catalítico/genética , MicroRNAs/análise , MicroRNAs/genética , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Sulfetos , Bioensaio
13.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 42(11): 1221-5, 2022 Nov 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36397218

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical efficacy of moxibustion on rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and its effect on related negative emotions, and to explore the possible mechanism. METHODS: A total of 70 patients with RA were randomized into an observation group (35 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a control group (35 cases, 2 cases dropped off). Conventional western medication therapy was adopted in the control group. On the basis of the treatment in the control group, moxibustion at Zusanli (ST 36), Shenshu (BL 23) and ashi points was adopted in the observation group, once every other day, 3 times a week, and totally 5-week treatment was required in the two groups. Before and after treatment, the scores of visual analogue scale (VAS), morning stiffness, 28-joint disease activity score (DAS28), self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) and self-rating depression scale (SDS) were observed and levels of serum 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and interleukin (IL)-1ß were detected by ELISA method in the two groups respectively. RESULTS: Compared before treatment, the scores of VAS and DAS28 were decreased after treatment in both groups (P<0.01, P<0.05), and the scores of morning stiffness, SAS, SDS and the serum levels of 5-HT, GR, IL-1ß were decreased after treatment in the observation group (P<0.01). After treatment, the scores of VAS, morning stiffness, DAS28, SAS, SDS and the serum levels of GR, IL-1ß in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05, P<0.01). The clinical symptoms of RA (scores of VAS, morning stiffness and DAS28) were positively correlated with negative emotions (scores of SAS and SDS, r=0.439, P<0.01), the VAS score was positively correlated with serum levels of 5-HT (r=0.189, P<0.05) and IL-1ß (r=0.189, P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Moxibustion can improve the clinical symptoms and negative emotions in patients with RA by regulating the inflammatory reactions.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Moxibustão , Humanos , Moxibustão/métodos , Serotonina , Artrite Reumatoide/terapia , Pontos de Acupuntura , Emoções
14.
Inorg Chem ; 2022 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36404623

RESUMO

The ligand 2,7-bis(6-methyl-2-pyridyl)-1,8-naphthyridine (MeL) acts as a dinucleating analogue of ubiquitous 2,2'-bipyridine ligands. Coordination of MeL to [Cu(NCMe)4]PF6 and Zn(OAc)2 led to isolation of monometallic [Zn(OAc)2(MeL)], homobimetallic [Cu2(MeL)2][PF6]2, and heterobimetallic [CuZn(µ-OAc)2(MeL)]PF6 complexes. The redox-active nature of the ligand enables access to four redox states of the complex [Cu2(MeL)2][PF6]2. DFT studies indicate that these comprise a metal-centered oxidative and ligand-centered reductive processes.

15.
Dev Biol ; 493: 80-88, 2022 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36368521

RESUMO

Bones and articular cartilage are important load-bearing tissues. The fluid flow inside the bone cells and cell interaction with the extracellular matrix serve as the mechanical cues for bones and joints. Piezo1 is an ion channel found on the cell surface of many cell types, including osteocytes and chondrocytes. It is activated in response to mechanical stimulation, which subsequently mediates a variety of signaling pathways in osteoblasts, osteocytes, and chondrocytes. Piezo1 activation in osteoblastic cells positively regulates osteogenesis, while its activation in joints mediates cartilage degradation. This review focuses on the most recent research on Piezo1 in bone development and regeneration.

16.
Int Heart J ; 2022 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36372411

RESUMO

Cardiac amyloidosis (CA) is a group of restrictive cardiomyopathies that have received increasing attention and awareness. With the advancement of noninvasive multimodality imaging techniques, the diagnostic efficacy and comprehensive assessment of CA have rapidly evolved. Here, we present two cases in which better diagnosis and evaluation were achieved using multimodality imaging techniques.Two patients with CA were diagnosed with transthyretin CA and immunoglobulin light-chain CA using clinical data, laboratory tests, ultrasound, nuclear medicine, coronary CT angiography, and cardiovascular magnetic resonance, respectively. This not only elucidated the diagnosis of CA but also provided a comprehensive and in-depth diagnosis of these two patients with CA using noninvasive multimodality imaging techniques through the detection of cardiac morphology and size, left ventricular function, myocardial injury, and coronary microvascular function. The disease processes and characteristics of these patients were comprehensively evaluated, especially the classified diagnosis of CA via radionuclide 99mTc-PYP imaging and measurement of coronary flow reserve via quantitative radionuclide myocardial perfusion imaging for the diagnosis and evaluation of CA.Modern multimodality noninvasive imaging can complement each other's information and strengths and play important roles in the early diagnosis and treatment of patients with CA.

17.
Brain Sci ; 12(11)2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36421875

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have found that statins may play a potential role in the age at onset (AAO) of Huntington's disease (HD). We performed this Mendelian randomization (MR) study to assess the association between genetically proxied inhibition of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol with age at onset of HD. METHODS: Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in HMG-CoA reductase associated with LDL cholesterol in a genome-wide association study (GWAS) analysis were used. The summary data of residual AAO of HD were obtained from a GWAS meta-analysis (n = 9064 HD patients). MR estimates representing lifelong inhibition of drug targets were generated using random-effects inverse-variance weighted analysis. RESULTS: Genetically proxied plasma LDL cholesterol (ß = 0.039, 95% CI = -0.454 to 0.531) and HMG-CoA reductase inhibition equivalent to a 1 mmol/L (38.7 mg/dL) reduction in LDL cholesterol (ß = -2.228, 95% CI = -4.830 to 0.374) were not associated with age at onset of HD. CONCLUSION: The plasma LDL cholesterol levels and the reduction of plasma LDL cholesterol levels by the inhibition of HMG-CoA reductase (i.e., statins) were not associated with the age of HD onset.

18.
Front Physiol ; 13: 964312, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36425293

RESUMO

Background: Patients with severe acute kidney injury (AKI) require continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) when hemodynamically unstable. We aimed to identify prognostic factors and develop a nomogram that could predict mortality in patients with AKI undergoing CRRT. Methods: Data were extracted from the Dryad Digital Repository. We enrolled 1,002 participants and grouped them randomly into training (n = 670) and verification (n = 332) datasets based on a 2:1 proportion. Based on Cox proportional modeling of the training set, we created a web-based dynamic nomogram to estimate all-cause mortality. Results: The model incorporated phosphate, Charlson comorbidity index, body mass index, mean arterial pressure, levels of creatinine and albumin, and sequential organ failure assessment scores as independent predictive indicators. Model calibration and discrimination were satisfactory. In the training dataset, the area under the curves (AUCs) for estimating the 28-, 56-, and 84-day all-cause mortality were 0.779, 0.780, and 0.787, respectively. The model exhibited excellent calibration and discrimination in the validation dataset, with AUC values of 0.791, 0.778, and 0.806 for estimating 28-, 56-, and 84-day all-cause mortality, respectively. The calibration curves exhibited the consistency of the model between the two cohorts. To visualize the results, we created a web-based calculator. Conclusion: We created a web-based calculator for assessing fatality risk in patients with AKI receiving CRRT, which may help rationalize clinical decision-making and personalized therapy.

19.
Evol Appl ; 15(11): 1820-1833, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36426120

RESUMO

Global climate change has threatened world crop production and food security. Decoding the adaptive genetic basis of wild relatives provides an invaluable genomic resource for climate-smart crop breedinG. Here, we performed whole-genome sequencing of 185 diverse wild soybean (Glycine soja) accessions collected from three major agro-ecological zones in China to parse the genomic basis of local adaptation in wild soybean. The population genomic diversity pattern exhibited clear agro-ecological zone-based population structure, and multiple environmental factors were observed to contribute to the genetic divergence. Demographic analysis shows that wild soybeans from the three ecological zones diverged about 1 × 105 years ago, and then the effective population sizes have undergone different degrees of expansions. Genome-environment association identified multiple genes involved in the local adaptation, such as flowering time and temperature-related genes. A locus containing two adjacent MADS-box transcription factors on chromosome 19 was identified for multiple environmental factors, and it experienced positive selection that enables the adaptation to high-latitude environment. This study provides insights into the genetic mechanism of ecological adaptation in wild soybean that may facilitate climate-resilient soybean breeding.

20.
RSC Adv ; 12(41): 26727-26732, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36320842

RESUMO

Herein, a copper catalyzed asymmetric propargylation of 2-oxindole-3-carboxylate esters with terminal propargylic esters is described. This strategy successfully provides a direct approach to constructing a broad range of chiral C3-tetrasubstituted oxindoles with contiguous tertiary and quaternary carbon stereocenters in high yields and excellent enantioselectivities (16 examples, up to 99% yield and 98% ee). Moreover, the diastereoisomers of the two newly formed stereocenters can be separated by silica gel chromatography, thereby providing a valuable stereoselective access to all four possible stereoisomers of C3-tetrasubstituted oxindoles.

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