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1.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1184: 339041, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34625250

RESUMO

Cocaine (Coc) is one of the illegal drugs and is harmful to digestive, immune, cardiovascular and urogenital systems. To achieve drug abuse control and legal action, it is essential to develop an effective method for cocaine analysis. In this work, an aptasensor has been developed using atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) based on host-guest chemistry for electrochemical analysis of cocaine. The NH2-DNA (Apt1) was immobilized on the indium tin oxide (ITO) electrode via addition reaction, and Fc-DNA (Apt2) was introduced to ITO relying on the specific recognition of cocaine. The Apt2 can initiate host-guest chemistry between Apt2 and ATRP initiators (ß-CD-Br15), then the ß-CD-Br15 further triggers ATRP. Moreover, ATRP avoids the sluggish kinetics and poor coupling capability sustained. The result shows a sensitive and selective analysis of cocaine within a linear range from 0.1 ng/mL to 10 µg/mL (R2 = 0.9985), with the detection limit down to 0.0335 ng/mL. Thus, this strategy provides a universal method for the analysis of illegal drugs.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Cocaína , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Eletrodos , Polimerização
2.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 21(1): 689, 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627190

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pseudoaneurysms are formed when a local arterial wall ruptures, leading to hemorrhage and hematoma adjacent to the artery. Continuous perfusion of the injured artery increases the pressure in the lumen of the pseudoaneurysm. It may rupture and lead to massive hemorrhage that could be life-threatening. Cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) is an ectopic pregnancy where the gestational sac is implanted in the cesarean scar. Uterine artery pseudoaneurysm (UAP) after CSP treatment is rare. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 36-year-old Chinese woman who presented with acute massive vaginal bleeding 53 days after transabdominal scar pregnancy excision. Doppler ultrasound confirmed UAP. Selective uterine artery embolization (UAE) failed because of the thin and curved blood vessels. The lesion decreased in size after transvaginal ultrasound-guided direct thrombin injection (UGTI); however, massive vaginal bleeding recurred and endangered the patient's life. The uterus was removed thereafter. CONCLUSIONS: UAP is a rare complication after CSP treatment that can lead to fatal massive hemorrhage. Ultrasound should be reexamined regularly after treatment of CSP. In case of unexplained vaginal bleeding, we should be alert to the existence of UAP and the possibility of rupture and take effective diagnosis and treatment measures promptly.

3.
Plant Signal Behav ; : 1976547, 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34633911

RESUMO

The plant U-box (PUB) gene family, one of the major ubiquitin ligase families in plants, plays important roles in multiple cellular processes including environmental stress responses and resistance. The function of U-box genes has been well characterized in Arabidopsis and other plants. However, little is known about the tea plant (Camellia sinensis) PUB genes. Here, 89 U-box proteins were identified from the chromosome-scale referenced genome of tea plant. According to the domain organization and phylogenetic analysis, the tea plant PUB family were classified into ten classes, named Class I to X, respectively. Using previously released stress-related RNA-seq data in tea plant, we identified 34 stress-inducible CsPUB genes. Specifically, eight CsPUB genes were expressed differentially under both anthracnose pathogen and drought stresses. Moreover, six of the eight CsPUBs were upregulated in response to these two stresses. Expression profiling performed by qRT-PCR was consistent with the RNA-seq analysis, and stress-related cis-acting elements were identified in the promoter regions of the six upregulated CsPUB genes. These results strongly implied the putative functions of U-box ligase genes in response to biotic and abiotic stresses in tea plant.

4.
Environ Pollut ; : 118273, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34634404

RESUMO

Public places favor the transmission of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) due to dense population, large personal mobility, and higher contact opportunities. In order to protect the health of general public in operating public places during COVID-19 pandemic, this study proposed general precautions and control strategies from perspective of operation management, social distancing, cleaning and disinfection, and personal protection. In addition, with regard of risk level, specific precautions and control strategies were proposed for living service places, outdoor places, and confined places. The comprehensive application of above recommendations could effectively interrupt the spread of COVID-19, and protect the health of general public in public places. This study proposed general and specific precautions and control strategies in public places during COVID-19, and suggested further improvement of pandemic response.

5.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1178: 338793, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482863

RESUMO

Electroanalysis is an effective monitoring method for organic pollution in environmental samples. However, chemical fouling with the formation of non-conductive fouled films easily occurs on the surface of the electrode during organic pollution detection that would inactivate the electrode and affect the detecting sensitivity of organic pollution. In this work, we found that zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (ZIF-8) electrode can achieve effective degradation of non-conductive fouled films under the light illumination during electrochemical detection of some typical organic pollution (sulfamethoxazole (SMX), Bisphenol A (BPA) and diclofenac sodium (DS)). Profiting from the charge transfer capability and photoelectric characteristics, ZIF-8 electrode exhibits a lower detection limitation for organic pollution detection and superior regeneration property. The nice detection and superior regenerated property are mainly due to non-selective superoxide radical (·O2-) and hydroxyl radicals (·OH) mediation produced by ZIF-8 electrode under light illumination that can mineralize anodic fouled products and resume surface reactive sites. Compared with the single electrochemical determination, photo-assisted electroanalysis provides a stable monitoring and a renewable pathway for practical applications.


Assuntos
Sulfametoxazol , Zeolitas , Antibacterianos , Eletrodos
6.
Obesity (Silver Spring) ; 29(1): 108-115, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34494373

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of intermittent energy restriction (IER; only for 2-3 d/wk) versus continuous energy restriction (CER) on weight loss and metabolic outcomes in adults with overweight or obesity. METHODS: Methods included searching databases from the last decade to December 18, 2019, for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that assessed weight loss and metabolic outcomes in IER and CER. RevMan version 5.3 software was used for statistical analysis of the data. The effect sizes were expressed as weight mean differences and 95% CI. RESULTS: This review included 11 RCTs (n = 850). Meta-analysis showed that IER had greater effects on absolute weight loss, the percentage of weight loss, and improving insulin sensitivity than CER. In the subgroup analysis, short-term (2-3 months) intervention (P < 0.0001) was associated with weight loss. CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review shows that IER (2-3 d/wk) had greater effects on short-term weight loss than CER and that IER results in comparative metabolic improvements. Furthermore, longer RCTs are needed to validate these findings.

7.
Curr Pharm Des ; 2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34579626

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in postmenopausal women and ovariectomized patients suggests that estrogen has a protective effect on cardiac function. Oxidative stress is the main cause of CVD, and the cellular defensive Nrf2 antioxidant pathway plays a protective role in various pathologies. However, the regulation of Nrf2 by estrogen has received little attention. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to investigate the role of Nrf2 in the effect of estrogen on the cardiac function. METHOD: In the present study, female SD rats were divided into three groups as follows: sham operation (SHAM), bilateral ovariectomy (OVX) and bilateral ovariectomy with estradiol valerate (EV) supplementation (OVX+EV). Vaginal smears and E2 concentrations were used to confirm model success. We compared cardiac morphology and function by echocardiography and HE staining. The levels of oxidative stress markers and antioxidant enzymes as well as protein expression of antioxidant genes were evaluated by Western blotting and immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Our results showed that supplementation with estrogen restored the parameters to some extent. Left ventricular end diastolic diameter at diastolic (LVID;d) and left ventricular volume at diastolic (LV vol;d) increased but MV E wave/A wave (E/A) significantly decreased. The oxidative stress indicators (malondialdehyde) increased, and the antioxidant activity indicators, such as superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT), decreased. Further, the expression of most Nrf2 antioxidant pathway-related proteins in the heart decreased after ovariectomy. CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrated that estrogen may protect cardiac function by regulating antioxidant capacity through the Nrf2 pathway.

8.
Environ Pollut ; 291: 118094, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517175

RESUMO

Indoor air quality ((IAQ) in classrooms was associated with the daily exposure of school-age children who are particularly vulnerable to air pollutants exposure, while few data exist to evaluate classroom indoor air quality nationwide in China. The subsample of the CIEHS 2018 study was performed in 66 classrooms of 22 primary schools nationwide in China. Temperature, relative humidity, PM2.5, PM10, CO2, CO, formaldehyde concentrations, bacteria and fungi were detected in all classrooms by using the instruments that meet the specified accuracy. The ratios of indoor to outdoor (I/O) of PM2.5 were calculated in each classroom to identify whether the indoor environment the pollutants comes from outdoors. The indoor PM2.5, PM10, CO, HCHO, bacteria and fungi GM concentration are 47.40 µg/m3, 72.91 µg/m3, 0.37 mg/m3, 0.02 mg/m3, 347.51 CFU/m3 and 362.76 CFU/m3, respectively. We observed that there were 66.5%, 52.6%, 22.4%, 1.8%, and 9.6% of the classrooms that exceeded the guideline values of PM2.5, PM10, CO2, HCHO, and bacteria, respectively. It should be attention that all of the classroom's PM2.5 concentrations in Shijiazhuang and Nanning, PM10 concentrations in Nanning, CO2 concentration in Lanzhou were exceeded the suggested values. Bacteria contamination in Shijiazhuang's classrooms is also serious. All classroom CO concentrations meet the requirement. The results indicated that classroom indoor PM2.5 was significantly positively correlated with indoor PM10 and CO2, while was negative correlated with temperature, CO, and fungi. Our results suggest that indoor air pollution in classrooms was a severe problem in Chinese primary schools. It is necessary to strengthen ventilation in the classroom to improve indoor air quality. What's more, a healthy learning environment should be created for primary school students.

9.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 579: 29-34, 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34583192

RESUMO

Autism is one of the urgent problems in neuroscience. Early research in our laboratory found that dcf1 gene-deficient mice exhibited autistic behavior. Reviewing the literature, we know that the caudate putamen (CPu) brain region is closely related to the occurrence of autism. In this study, we observed that the electrical signal in the abnormal brain region of adult mice was enhanced by using field potential detection for the corresponding brain region. We then used retrovirus markers to track neurons in the CPu brain region and found that there are neural projections in the hippocampus-CPu brain region. Therefore, we selected DREADDs (Designer receptors exclusively activated by designer drugs) to inhibit the abnormal brain region of the mouse and found, through behavioral testing, that this can inhibit the autistic behavior of mice. This research provides new evidence for the understanding of the cause of autism and has accumulated new basis for the treatment of autism. It has theoretical significance and potential application value for the understanding and treatment of autism.

10.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 911: 174482, 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481875

RESUMO

Berberine facilitates the production of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) by intestinal L cells. Here, we aimed to reveal the mechanism of berberine facilitating the production of GLP-1 by intestinal L cells. In this study, we confirmed that the 100 mg/kg berberine daily through diet decreased the miR-106b expression and elevated the expressions of ß-catenin and T-cell factor 4 (TCF4) in colon tissues of high-fat diet mice; berberine decreased the concentrations of triglycerides, total cholesterol and the ratio of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in mouse serum samples; berberine decreased the blood glucose in the mouse tail vein blood and promoted GLP-1 production by intestinal L cells in mouse serum samples and elevated the GLP-1 expression in mouse colon tissues. Meanwhile, the mechanism analysis demonstrated that a dose of 100 µM berberine down-regulated the miR-106b expression by elevating the methylation levels of miR-106b in STC-1 cells and miR-106b bound to TCF4 in 293T cells. Moreover, the 100 mg/kg berberine daily through diet activated the ß-catenin/TCF4 signaling pathway by decreasing miR-106b, thereby facilitating GLP-1 production in intestinal L cells through the in vivo assays. Conclusively, our experimental data illustrated that berberine decreased miR-106b expression by increasing its methylation levels and then activated the ß-catenin/TCF4 signaling pathway, thereby facilitating GLP-1 production by intestinal L cells.

11.
Alzheimers Dement ; 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34590419

RESUMO

The association of poor pulmonary function (PF) with cognitive trajectories and structural brain differences remains unclear. Within the Rush Memory and Aging Project, 1377 dementia-free subjects were followed up to 21 years. PF was assessed with a composite score measured at baseline. Global and domain-specific cognitive function was assessed annually constructed from 19 cognitive tests. A subsample of 351 participants underwent brain magnetic resonance imaging to investigate the cross-sectional association between PF and structural brain volumes. We found that low PF was related to faster decline in global cognition, and domain-specific function including episodic memory, semantic memory, working memory, visuospatial ability, and perceptual speed. In addition, low PF was associated with smaller volumes of total brain, white matter and gray matter, and larger white matter hyperintensities volume. Our results suggest that low PF is associated with faster cognitive decline, and both neurodegeneration and vascular brain lesions may underlie the association.

12.
Cell Signal ; 87: 110145, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517087

RESUMO

Endometriosis is a debilitating gynecological disease affecting millions of women worldwide, but its exact pathogenesis remains unclear. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been demonstrated to be important regulators in multiple diseases. Nonetheless, the potential regulatory mechanism of aberrant circRNA expression in endometriosis has been elusive. The up-regulated circZFPM2 in ectopic endometrial tissues was previously screened by circRNA high-throughput sequencing and was furtherly validated by quantitative real time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Overexpression of circZFPM2 promoted the proliferation, migration, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in Ishikawa and End1/E6E7 cells, whereas silencing circZFPM2 produced the opposite effect. Luciferase reporter assays validated that circZFPM2 could directly target miR-205-5p and miR-205-5p target ZEB1. RT-qPCR results showed that miR-205-5p was underexpressed while ZEB1 was overexpressed in ectopic endometrial tissues compared with their expression in eutopic endometria and non-endometriosis control endometria. The expression level of miR-205-5p was inversely proportional and that of ZEB1 was directly proportional with the proliferative, migrative, and invasive ability of endometrial cells. Further in vitro investigation indicated that miR-205-5p could inhibit EMT by targeting ZEB1. Subsequent rescue experiments confirmed that circZFPM2 could induce EMT and promote cell proliferation, migration, and invasion cascades through the miR-205-5p /ZEB1 signaling pathway. Conclusively, circZFPM2 may present a promising biomarker in the diagnosis and treatment of endometriosis.

13.
Eur J Med Chem ; 225: 113794, 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488024

RESUMO

Aberrant activation of the fibroblast growth factor 19-fibroblast growth factor receptor 4 (FGF19-FGFR4) signaling pathway has been proved to promote hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) proliferation. It is assumed that the first FGFR4 inhibitor BLU9931 did not enter clinical studies, presumably due to its rapid metabolism in liver microsomes. Here, we report the development of series of quinazoline derivatives based on FGFR4 inhibitor BLU9931 through structural modification of its solvent region pocket to minimize its potential metabolic liability. Among them, compound 35a exhibited comparable or superior kinase inhibitory activity (IC50 = 8.5 nM) and selectivity in cells. More importantly, compound 35a improved liver microsomes stability compared to BLU9931. Cellular mechanistic studies demonstrated that 35a induced apoptosis via the FGFR4 signaling pathway blockage. In addition, the computational simulation revealed the possible binding mode to FGFR4 protein, which provides a plausible explanation of high potent and metabolic stability.

14.
JCI Insight ; 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34582376

RESUMO

mascRNA is a highly conserved tRNA-like noncoding RNA whose function remains largely unknown. We show here that this small RNA molecule played a role in the stringent control of Toll-like receptor (TLR)-mediated innate immune responses. mascRNA inhibited activation of NF-κB and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling and the production of inflammatory cytokines in macrophages stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a TLR4 ligand. Furthermore, exogenous mascRNA alleviated LPS-induced lung inflammation. On the contrary, mascRNA potentiated the phosphorylation of IRF3 and STAT1 and the transcription of interferon-related genes in response to the TLR3 ligand poly(I:C) both in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, mascRNA was found to enhance K48-linked ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation of TRAF6, thereby negatively regulating TLR-mediated MyD88-dependent proinflammatory signaling while positively regulating TRIF-dependent interferon signaling. Additionally, hnRNP H and hnRNP F were found to interact with mascRNA, promote its degradation, and contribute to the fine-tuning of TLR-triggered immune responses. Taken together, our data identify a dual role of mascRNA in both negative and positive regulation of innate immune responses.

15.
Behav Neurol ; 2021: 3359103, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34336000

RESUMO

Objectives: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most prevalent neurodegenerative disorder and the most common form of dementia in the elderly. Certain genes have been identified as important clinical risk factors for AD, and technological advances in genomic research, such as genome-wide association studies (GWAS), allow for analysis of polymorphisms and have been widely applied to studies of AD. However, shortcomings of GWAS include sensitivity to sample size and hereditary deletions, which result in low classification and predictive accuracy. Therefore, this paper proposes a novel deep-learning genomics approach and applies it to multitasking classification of AD progression, with the goal of identifying novel genetic biomarkers overlooked by traditional GWAS analysis. Methods: In this study, we selected genotype data from 1461 subjects enrolled in the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative, including 622 AD, 473 mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and 366 healthy control (HC) subjects. The proposed deep-learning genomics (DLG) approach consists of three steps: quality control, coding of single-nucleotide polymorphisms, and classification. The ResNet framework was used for the DLG model, and the results were compared with classifications by simple convolutional neural network structure. All data were randomly assigned to one training/validation group and one test group at a ratio of 9 : 1. And fivefold cross-validation was used. Results: We compared classification results from the DLG model to those from traditional GWAS analysis among the three groups. For the AD and HC groups, the accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of classification were, respectively, 98.78 ± 1.50%, 98.39% ± 2.50%, and 99.44% ± 1.11% using the DLG model, while 71.38% ± 0.63%, 63.13% ± 2.87%, and 85.59% ± 6.66% using traditional GWAS. Similar results were obtained from the other two intergroup classifications. Conclusion: The DLG model can achieve higher accuracy and sensitivity when applied to progression of AD. More importantly, we discovered several novel genetic biomarkers of AD progression, including rs6311 and rs6313 in HTR2A, rs1354269 in NAV2, and rs690705 in RFC3. The roles of these novel loci in AD should be explored in future research.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Disfunção Cognitiva , Aprendizado Profundo , Idoso , Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Disfunção Cognitiva/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Genômica , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética
16.
Bull Entomol Res ; : 1-10, 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34425923

RESUMO

Parasitoid wasps are key agents for controlling insect pests in integrated pest management programs. Although many studies have revealed that the behavior of parasitic wasps can be influenced by insecticides, the strategies of patch time allocation and oviposition have received less attention. In the present study, we forced the endoparasitoid Meteorus pulchricornis to phoxim exposure at the LC30 and tested the foraging behavior within patches with different densities of the host, the larvae of the tobacco cutworm Spodoptera litura. The results showed that phoxim treatment can significantly increase the patch-leaving tendency of female wasps, while host density had no impact. The number of oviposition and the number of previous patch visits also significantly influenced the patch time allocation decisions. The occurrence of oviposition behavior was negatively affected by phoxim exposure; however, progeny production was similar among patches with different host densities. Phoxim exposure shaped the offspring fitness correlates, including longer durations from cocoon to adult wasps, smaller body size, and shorter longevity. The findings of the present study highlight the sublethal effects that reduce the patch residence time and the fitness of parasitoid offspring, suggesting that the application of phoxim in association with M. pulchricornis should be carefully schemed in agroecosystems.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34427675

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the associations between individual and combined cardiometabolic morbidities and incident cardiovascular events in Chinese adults. DESIGN: A prospective, nationwide, and population-based cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: 133572 participants aged ≥ 40 years were included in the study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) events. RESULTS: Compared with participants without diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia, participants with only diabetes (hazard ratio [HR], 1.58; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.32-1.90) or only hypertension (2.04; 1.82-2.28) exhibited significantly higher risk for CVD events, while participants with only dyslipidemia (0.97; 0.84-1.12) exhibited no significantly higher risk for CVD events. When analyzed collectively, participants with diabetes plus hypertension (HR, 2.67; 95%CI, 2.33-3.06), diabetes plus dyslipidemia (1.57; 1.32-1.87), and hypertension plus dyslipidemia (2.12; 1.88-2.39) exhibited significantly higher risk for CVD. Moreover, participants with the combination of diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia exhibited the highest risk for CVD events (HR, 3.06; 95%CI, 2.71-3.46). Multivariable-adjusted HRs (95% CIs) for CVD associated with diabetes based on fasting glucose ≥7.0 mmol/L, oral glucose tolerance test-2h glucose ≥11.1 mmol/L, and hemoglobin A1c ≥6.5% were 1.64 (1.51-1.78), 1.57 (1.45-1.69), and 1.54 (1.42-1.66), respectively; associated with hypertension based on systolic blood pressure ≥140 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mmHg were 1.89 (1.76-2.03) and 1.74 (1.60-1.88), respectively; associated with dyslipidemia based on total cholesterol ≥6.22 mmol/L, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol ≥4.14 mmol/L, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol <1.04 mmol/L, and triglycerides ≥2.26 mmol/L were 1.18 (1.08-1.30), 1.30 (1.17-1.44), 1.00 (0.92-1.09), and 1.10 (1.01-1.20), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia showed additive associations with the risk of CVD events in middle-aged and elderly Chinese adults.

18.
Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue Za Zhi ; 38(4): 774-782, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34459178

RESUMO

The inverse problem of diffuse optical tomography (DOT) is ill-posed. Traditional method cannot achieve high imaging accuracy and the calculation process is time-consuming, which restricts the clinical application of DOT. Therefore, a method based on stacked auto-encoder (SAE) was proposed and used for the DOT inverse problem. Firstly, a traditional SAE method is used to solved the inverse problem. Then, the output structure of SAE neural network is improved to a single output SAE, which reduce the burden on the neural network. Finally, the improved SAE method is used to compare with traditional SAE method and traditional levenberg-marquardt (LM) iterative method. The result shows that the average time to solve the inverse problem of the method proposed in this paper is only 1.67% of the LM method. The mean square error (MSE) value is 46.21% lower than the traditional iterative method, 61.53% lower than the traditional SAE method, and the image correlation coefficient(ICC) value is 4.03% higher than the traditional iterative method, 18.7% higher than the traditional SAE method and has good noise immunity under 3% noise conditions. The research results in this article prove that the improved SAE method has higher image quality and noise resistance than the traditional SAE method, and at the same time has a faster calculation speed than the traditional iterative method, which is conducive to the application of neural networks in DOT inverse problem calculation.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Tomografia Óptica , Redes Neurais de Computação
19.
J Pathol ; 2021 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34370292

RESUMO

Calcyphosine (CAPS) was initially identified from the canine thyroid. It also exists in many types of tumor, but its expression and function in glioma remain unknown. Here we explored the clinical significance and the functional mechanisms of CAPS in glioma. We found that CAPS was highly expressed in glioma and high expression of CAPS was correlated with poor survival, in glioma patients and public databases. Cox regression analysis showed that CAPS was an independent prognostic factor for glioma patients. Knockdown of CAPS suppressed the proliferation, whereas overexpression of CAPS promoted the proliferation of glioma both in vitro and in vivo. CAPS regulated the G2/M phase transition of the cell cycle, but had no obvious effect on apoptosis. CAPS affected PLK1 phosphorylation through interaction with MYPT1. CAPS knockdown decreased p-MYPT1 at S507 and p-PLK1 at S210. Expression of MYPT1 S507 phosphomimic rescued PLK1 phosphorylation and the phenotype caused by CAPS knockdown. The PLK1 inhibitor volasertib enhanced the therapeutic effect of temozolomide in glioma. Our data suggest that CAPS promotes the proliferation of glioma by regulating the cell cycle and the PLK1 inhibitor volasertib might be a chemosensitizer of glioma. © 2021 The Authors. The Journal of Pathology published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. on behalf of The Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland.

20.
J Hematol Oncol ; 14(1): 128, 2021 08 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34419139

RESUMO

Biomarkers-guided precision therapeutics has revolutionized the clinical development and administration of molecular-targeted anticancer agents. Tailored precision cancer therapy exhibits better response rate compared to unselective treatment. Protein kinases have critical roles in cell signaling, metabolism, proliferation, survival and migration. Aberrant activation of protein kinases is critical for tumor growth and progression. Hence, protein kinases are key targets for molecular targeted cancer therapy. The serine/threonine kinase Akt is frequently activated in various types of cancer. Activation of Akt promotes tumor progression and drug resistance. Since the first Akt inhibitor was reported in 2000, many Akt inhibitors have been developed and evaluated in either early or late stage of clinical trials, which take advantage of liquid biopsy and genomic or molecular profiling to realize personalized cancer therapy. Two inhibitors, capivasertib and ipatasertib, are being tested in phase III clinical trials for cancer therapy. Here, we highlight recent progress of Akt signaling pathway, review the up-to-date data from clinical studies of Akt inhibitors and discuss the potential biomarkers that may help personalized treatment of cancer with Akt inhibitors. In addition, we also discuss how Akt may confer the vulnerability of cancer cells to some kinds of anticancer agents.

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