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1.
Zool Res ; : 1-5, 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32212428

RESUMO

The "call for help" hypothesis proposes that alarm calls produced by a bird can transmit warning information to both conspecific and interspecific neighbors. Neighbors who are attracted by social transmission might benefit from knowing about the presence of danger or by gaining information about the presence of predators or brood parasites nearby. Brood parasite hosts can distinguish threats from different intruders and exhibit varied responses correspondingly. However, most previous studies have conducted sound playback at host nest sites and focused on conspecific individuals attracted by the alarm calls. In this study, we used random location playback to investigate the responses of different host species to alarm signals of oriental reed warblers (Acrocephalus orientalis) toward different intruders (brood parasite, predator, and harmless control) in order to reveal how hosts evaluate different threats from different intruders using vocal information in non-nesting areas during the breeding season. We found that the alarm calls given in response to different intruders incurred similar numbers of approaching species for both conspecific and interspecific birds. However, the number of attracted individuals differed significantly among the various species, with conspecifics and vinous-throated parrotbills (Paradoxornis webbianus) dominating, both of which are major hosts of common cuckoos (Cuculus canorus). Nevertheless, interspecific birds did not present any aggressive behavior according to the alarm calls, which implied that visual information may be needed for further confirmation of threats. In addition, determining whether alarm call structure promoted an evolutionary convergence phenomenon still needs further verification.

2.
Mol Cell Biochem ; 2020 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32200471

RESUMO

MYB Proto-Oncogene Like 2 (MYBL2) is a highly conserved member of the Myb family of transcription factors and plays a critical role in regulating cell proliferation and survival. Here we show that overexpression of MYBL2 is frequently observed in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) and significantly correlates with advanced stage and poor patient survival. Knockdown of MYBL2 induced apoptosis in lung cancer cells and resulted in significant inhibition of cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Notably, we identified Non-SMC Condensin I Complex Subunit H (NCAPH) gene as a direct target of MYBL2. NCAPH expression is highly correlated with that of MYBL2 in LUAD cases and is tightly affected by MYBL2 knockdown or overexpression in vitro. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assays also showed that MYBL2 directly binds to the transcription start site (TSS) of NCAPH. Moreover, we provided evidence that NCAPH functions as an oncogene in lung cancer and overexpression of NCAPH could partially rescue cell death and migration blockage induced by MYBL2 knockdown. Together, these results suggest that overexpression of MYBL2 promotes proliferation and migration of lung cancer cells via upregulating NCAPH, establishing their roles as novel prognostic biomarkers as well as potential therapeutic targets for the disease.

3.
BMC Plant Biol ; 20(1): 106, 2020 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32143578

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Eurasian steppe is an important vegetation type characterized by cold, arid and nitrogen poor conditions. At the Eastern edge, including in the Songnen grassland, the vegetation is dominated by Leymus chinensis (henceforth L. chinensis) and is increasing threatened by elevated anthropogenic nitrogen deposition. L. chinensis is a perennial grass that mainly reproduces vegetatively and its sexual reproduction is limited. However, sexual reproduction plays an important role influencing colonization after large disturbances. To develop an understanding of how elevated nitrogen deposition changes the plant community structure and functioning we need a better understanding how sexual reproduction of L. chinensis changes with nitrogen enrichment. Here we report on a field experiment where we added 10 g N m- 2 yr- 1 and examined changes in seed traits, seed germination and early seedling growth. RESULTS: Nitrogen addition increased seed production by 79%, contributing to this seed increases were a 28% increase in flowering plant density, a 40% increase in seed number per plant and a 11% increase in seed weight. Seed size increased with a 42% increase in large seeds and a 49% decrease in the smallest seed size category. Seed germination success improved by 10% for small seeds and 18% for large seeds. Combined, the increased in seed production and improved seed quality doubled the potential seed germination. Subsequent seedling above and below-ground biomass also significantly increased. CONCLUSIONS: All aspects of L. chinensis sexual reproduction increased with nitrogen addition. Thus, L. chinensis competitive ability may increase when atmospheric nitrogen deposition increases, which may further reduce overall plant diversity in the low diversity Songnen grasslands.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32146563

RESUMO

AIMS: Local therapy including surgery or radiotherapy has been reported for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with synchronous solitary metastasis, while studies with other local ablative treatment are rare. Here, we summarized our single-center experience of microwave ablation (MWA) for both primary and metastatic lesions in NSCLC patients with synchronous solitary extracranial metastases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively screened our institute database from January 2014 to Jun 2019. NSCLC patients with synchronous extracranial solitary metastasis with primary and metastatic lesions that were treated with MWA were identified and analyzed. RESULTS: Of the 1472 stage IV NSCLC patients found, 38 were diagnosed with synchronous extracranial solitary metastasis and 29 of them received MWA for primary and metastatic lesions. The most common distant metastases were contralateral lung metastases (14 cases), followed by bone (6), liver (4), adrenal gland (3) and pleura metastases (1). Median OS and PFS was 21.5 and 12.5 months, respectively. Patients with N0 had significantly longer PFS (median 18.5 vs. 8.0 months) and OS (median 42.7 vs. 19.0 months). In addition, systemic therapy was showed to be a prognostic factor for better PFS (12.9 vs. 7.5 months). Clinical pathological factors including age, histology, T stage, PS score, and metastasis locations are not significantly associated with survival. CONCLUSIONS: MWA may serve as an alternative treatment for NSCLCs with synchronous solitary extracranial metastases.

5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(5)2020 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32156054

RESUMO

Alterations in placental transport may contribute to abnormal fetal intrauterine growth in pregnancies complicated by diabetes, but it is not clear whether the placental amino acid transport system is altered in diabetic pregnancies. We therefore studied the changes in the expressions of placental amino acid transporters in a rat model of diabetes induced by streptozotocin, and tested the effects of hyperglycemia on trophoblast amino acid transporter in vitro. Our results showed that the expressions for key isoforms of system L amino acid transporters were significantly reduced in the placentas of streptozotocin-induced diabetic pregnant rats, which was associated with the decreased birthweight in the rats. A decreased placental efficiency and decreased placental mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) complex 1 (mTORC1) activity were also found in the rat model. In addition, hyperglycemia in vitro could inhibit amino acid transporter expression and mTORC1 activity in human trophoblast. Inhibition of mTORC1 activity led to reduced amino acid transporter expression in placental trophoblast. We concluded that reduced placental mTORC1 activity during pregnancy resulted in decreased placental amino acid transporter expression and, subsequently, contributed to fetal intrauterine growth restriction in pregnancies complicated with diabetes.

6.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 39(1): 25, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000836

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metastasis and recurrence, wherein circulating tumour cells (CTCs) play an important role, are the leading causes of death in colorectal cancer (CRC). Metastasis-initiating CTCs manage to maintain intravascular survival under anoikis, immune attack, and importantly shear stress; however, the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. METHODS: In view of the scarcity of CTCs in the bloodstream, suspended colorectal cancer cells were flowed into the cyclic laminar shear stress (LSS) according to previous studies. Then, we detected these suspended cells with a CK8+/CD45-/DAPI+ phenotype and named them mimic circulating tumour cells (m-CTCs) for subsequent CTCs related researches. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction, western blotting, and immunofluorescence were utilised to analyse gene expression change of m-CTCs sensitive to LSS stimulation. Additionally, we examined atonal bHLH transcription factor 8 (ATOH8) expressions in CTCs among 156 CRC patients and mice by fluorescence in situ hybridisation and flow cytometry. The pro-metabolic and pro-survival functions of ATOH8 were determined by glycolysis assay, live/dead cell vitality assay, anoikis assay, and immunohistochemistry. Further, the concrete up-and-down mechanisms of m-CTC survival promotion by ATOH8 were explored. RESULTS: The m-CTCs actively responded to LSS by triggering the expression of ATOH8, a fluid mechanosensor, with executive roles in intravascular survival and metabolism plasticity. Specifically, ATOH8 was upregulated via activation of VEGFR2/AKT signalling pathway mediated by LSS induced VEGF release. ATOH8 then transcriptionally activated HK2-mediated glycolysis, thus promoting the intravascular survival of colorectal cancer cells in the circulation. CONCLUSIONS: This study elucidates a novel mechanism that an LSS triggered VEGF-VEGFR2-AKT-ATOH8 signal axis mediates m-CTCs survival, thus providing a potential target for the prevention and treatment of hematogenous metastasis in CRC.

7.
Eur Radiol ; 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32020400

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This prospective trial was performed to verify whether microwave ablation (MWA) in combination with chemotherapy could provide superior survival benefit compared with chemotherapy alone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From March 1, 2015, to June 20, 2017, treatment-naïve patients with pathologically verified advanced or recurrent non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) were randomly assigned to MWA plus chemotherapy group or chemotherapy group. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS), while the secondary endpoints included overall survival (OS), time to local progression (TTLP), and objective response rate (ORR). The complications and adverse events were also reported. RESULTS: A total of 293 patients were randomly assigned into the two groups. One hundred forty-eight patients with 117 stage IV tumors were included in the MWA plus chemotherapy group. One hundred forty-five patients with 113 stage IV tumors were included in the chemotherapy group. The median follow-up period was 13.1 months and 12.4 months, respectively. Median PFS was 10.3 months (95% CI 8.0-13.0) in the MWA plus chemotherapy group and 4.9 months (95% CI 4.2-5.7) in the chemotherapy group (HR = 0.44, 95% CI 0.28-0.53; p < 0.0001). Median OS was not reached in the MWA plus chemotherapy group and 12.6 months (95% CI 10.6-14.6) in the chemotherapy group (HR = 0.38, 95% CI 0.27-0.53; p < 0.0001) using Kaplan-Meier analyses with log-rank test. The median TTLP was 24.5 months, and the ORR was 32% in both groups. The adverse event rate was not significantly different in the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with advanced NSCLC, longer PFS and OS can be achieved with the treatment of combined MWA and chemotherapy than chemotherapy alone. KEY POINTS: • Patients treated with MWA plus chemotherapy had superior PFS and OS over those treated with chemotherapy alone. • The ORR of patients treated with MWA plus chemotherapy was similar to that of those treated with chemotherapy alone. • Complications associated with MWA were common but tolerable and manageable.

8.
Autism Res ; 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32011827

RESUMO

Impaired self-processing in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is believed to be closely associated with social-communicative deficits, a core symptom of ASD. In three experiments, we aimed to investigate (a) whether children with ASD exhibited deficient in self-processing, as reflected by their superior memory for self-related items as compared to other-related items, and (b) the role that action played in promoting self-processing in ASD. In Experiment 1, children with ASD, children with intellectual disability (ID), and typically developing children were asked to memorize items on the cards assigned to them or to the experimenter. The results indicated that the TD and ID groups had a self-referential memory advantage, but the ASD group did not. Experiments 2 and 3 examined whether the deficit in self-processing among children with ASDs was ameliorated when participants performed or observed an action to indicate the ownership of the items. We found that when children with ASD performed self-generated actions or observed virtual actions, they displayed a similar self-referential memory advantage as the other two groups. Our findings reveal that action plays an important role in the self-processing in children with ASD, and thereby contribute to a more comprehensive understanding of self-processing deficits in this population.Autism Res 2020, 00: 1-11. © 2020 International Society for Autism Research,Wiley Periodicals, Inc. LAY SUMMARY: We aimed to study whether children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) exhibited deficient in self-processing and the role of action in promoting self-processing in ASD. We found that the typically developing and intellectual disability groups had a self-referential memory advantage, but the ASD group did not. However, children with ASD showed a significant self-referential advantage when they performed or observed an action to indicate the ownership of items. These findings highlight the vital role that action plays in cognitively enhancing their self-processing.

9.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 3202, 2020 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32081851

RESUMO

Earlier age of puberty has detrimental consequences for many aspects of health. Here, for the first time, we assessed the association of earlier puberty with sleep duration observationally and with validation using Mendelian Randomization. In the "Children of 1997" birth cohort (n = 8,327), we used adjusted multivariable logistic regression to assess the associations of each clinically assessed marker of earlier puberty with self-report sleep duration in adolescence. Using two-sample MR, we assessed the effect of earlier puberty timing based on 203 single nucleotide polymorphisms applied to genome wide association studies of sleep duration in adults (n = 335,410). In "Children of 1997", cross-sectionally, older age of menarche was associated with longer (9+ hours) sleep duration [odds ratio (OR) 1.11, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.01 to 1.21] at 13.5 years. The other earlier puberty markers were unrelated to sleep duration. Using inverse variance weighting, later of age at menarche increased adult sleep duration [0.020 per category, 95% CI 0.006 to 0.034]. This study demonstrated a causal effect of age at menarche on adult sleep duration, since age of menarche also affects obesity, our novel finding may be relevant to the observed relation of sleep duration with obesity and poor health.

10.
Biomolecules ; 10(2)2020 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32079293

RESUMO

Glioblastoma (GBM) is a fast-growing type of malignant primary brain tumor. To explore the mechanisms in GBM, complex biological networks are used to reveal crucial changes among different biological states, which reflect on the development of living organisms. It is critical to discover the kernel differential subgraph (KDS) that leads to drastic changes. However, identifying the KDS is similar to the Steiner Tree problem that is an NP-hard problem. In this paper, we developed a criterion to explore the KDS (CKDS), which considered the connectivity and scale of KDS, the topological difference of nodes and function relevance between genes in the KDS. The CKDS algorithm was applied to simulated datasets and three single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) datasets including GBM, fetal human cortical neurons (FHCN) and neural differentiation. Then we performed the network topology and functional enrichment analyses on the extracted KDSs. Compared with the state-of-art methods, the CKDS algorithm outperformed on simulated datasets to discover the KDSs. In the GBM and FHCN, seventeen genes (one biomarker, nine regulatory genes, one driver genes, six therapeutic targets) and KEGG pathways in KDSs were strongly supported by literature mining that they were highly interrelated with GBM. Moreover, focused on GBM, there were fifteen genes (including ten regulatory genes, three driver genes, one biomarkers, one therapeutic target) and KEGG pathways found in the KDS of neural differentiation process from activated neural stem cells (aNSC) to neural progenitor cells (NPC), while few genes and no pathway were found in the period from NPC to astrocytes (Ast). These experiments indicated that the process from aNSC to NPC is a key differentiation period affecting the development of GBM. Therefore, the CKDS algorithm provides a unique perspective in identifying cell-type-specific genes and KDSs.

11.
J Ovarian Res ; 13(1): 12, 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32014030

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Degeneration of ovarian function is an obvious feature of female aging. In addition, studies have shown that autophagy decreases with age, and DNA methylation is a hallmark epigenetic pattern during aging. However, it is not clear whether the expression and DNA methylation of autophagy genes are involved in the declines in ovarian function that occur during aging. RESULTS: Three groups of rats were used: 6-month-old (6 M) rats, 12-month-old (12 M) rats and 24-month-old (24 M) rats. Serum E2 levels and the mRNA and protein expression levels of Atg5, Atg12, Atg16L, Beclin1 and Lc3B were significantly decreased in aged rats. In addition, the methylation levels of the Atg5 gene were significantly increased in aged rats. The expression of the Dnmt1 and Dnmt2 genes decreased with aging; however, the expression of the Dnmt3A and Dnmt3B genes gradually increased with aging. CONCLUSIONS: Decreased autophagic activity was involved in the declines in ovarian function in aging rats. Upregulation of the DNA methyltransferases Dnmt3A and Dnmt3B may have led to methylation of the autophagy genes Atg5 and Lc3B to ultimately cause the observed decreases in autophagic activity.

12.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1101: 65-73, 2020 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32029120

RESUMO

A facile strategy was developed for the fabrication of a magnetic covalent organic framework (COF) via grafting of the monomers, 2,5-dihydroxyterephthalaldehyde (Dt) and 1,3,5-tris(4-aminophenyl) benzene (Tb) onto surface-modified Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The magnetic COF, named as magnetic COF-DtTb, was readily fabricated without high temperature or harsh reaction conditions. The synthesized magnetic COF-DtTb nanoparticles were fully characterized, presenting a regular core-shell spherical structure, large specific surface area, superparamagnetism, and good thermal stability. Their potential as an enrichment adsorbent was investigated to establish an efficient magnetic solid-phase extraction method for the determination of organophosphorus pesticide residues in fruits. Systematic method validation revealed good linearity in the concentration range of 1-200 µg L-1 (correlation coefficient >0.9957). The method limits of detection were in the range of 0.002-0.063 µg kg-1, the method limit of quantification was 1.00 µg kg-1 and recoveries ranged from 72.8% to 111% with RSDs lower than 12.3%. The results indicated that magnetic COF-DtTb possesses superior trace enrichment properties for organophosphorus pesticides in fruits.

13.
Postgrad Med ; : 1-4, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32048901

RESUMO

Primary hyperparathyroidism is the third most common endocrine disease, while primary hyperparathyroidism associated with non-Hodgkin lymphoma(NHL) is extremely rare. We report a case of primary hyperparathyroidism associated with NHL. The first symptom of this patient was hypercalcemia. Hypercalcemia is the primary first clinical manifestation of primary hyperparathyroidism, while NHL may also be diagnosed by hypercalcemia. Clinically, patients with hypercalcemia as the first symptom should be alert to the coexistence of their two diseases. As primary hyperparathyroidism and NHL occur simultaneously, the relationship between the two diseases requires further study. A review of the literature regarding primary hyperparathyroidism associated with NHL was performed, focusing on clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment, prognosis, and the connection.

14.
J Exp Bot ; 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32076725

RESUMO

Plants have evolved complex defense mechanisms to withstand insect attack. Identification of plant endogenous insect resistance genes is of great significance for understanding plant-herbivore interactions and improving crop insect resistance. Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] is an important crop and is often attacked by common cutworms (CCWs) (Spodoptera litura Fabricius). In this study, based on our transcriptomic data, the gene GmVQ58, encoding a FxxxVQxxTG (VQ) motif-containing protein, was cloned and characterized. This gene showed the highest expression in the leaves and roots and was upregulated significantly after CCW attack. Constitutive expression of GmVQ58 rescued the susceptibility of an Arabidopsis mutant to CCW, and interference of GmVQ58 in soybean hairy roots enhanced the resistance to CCW. Furthermore, GmVQ58 was localized to the nucleus and physically interacted with the transcription factor GmWRKY32. The expression of two defense-related genes, GmN:IFR and GmVSPß, was upregulated in GmVQ58-RNAi lines. Additionally, the promoter region of GmVQ58 was likely selected during domestication, resulting in different expression patterns in cultivated soybeans relative to wild soybeans. These results suggest that silencing GmVQ58 confers soybean resistance to CCW.

15.
J Cell Physiol ; 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32017066

RESUMO

N6 -methyladenosine (m6 A) is a novel epitranscriptomic marker that contributes to regulating diverse biological processes through controlling messenger RNA metabolism. However, it is unknown if m6 A RNA methylation affects uveal melanoma (UM) development. To address this question, we probed its function and molecular mechanism in UM. Initially, we demonstrated that global RNA m6 A methylation levels were dramatically elevated in both UM cell lines and clinical specimens. Meanwhile, we found that METTL3, a main m6 A regulatory enzyme, was significantly increased in UM cells and specimens. Subsequently, cycloleucine (Cyc) or METTL3 targeted small interfering RNA was used to block m6 A methylation in UM cells. We found that Cyc or silencing METTL3 significantly suppressed UM cell proliferation and colony formation through cell cycle G1 arrest, as well as migration and invasion by functional analysis. On the other hand, overexpression of METTL3 had the opposite effects. Furthermore, bioinformatics and methylated RNA immunoprecipitation-quantitative polymerase chain reaction identified c-Met as a direct target of m6 A methylation in UM cells. In addition, western blot analysis showed that Cyc or knockdown of METTL3 downregulated c-Met, p-Akt, and cell cycle-related protein levels in UM cells. Taken together, our results demonstrate that METTL3-mediated m6 A RNA methylation modulates UM cell proliferation, migration, and invasion by targeting c-Met. Such a modification acts as a critical oncogenic regulator in UM development.

16.
Sleep ; 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31956914

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVE: Observationally sleep duration is positively associated with hemoglobin (Hgb), whether this association is causal and consistent by sex remains unclear. Here, we assessed the association of sleep duration with Hgb and hematocrit (Hct) observationally in late adolescence in a population-representative Chinese birth cohort "Children of 1997" with validation using Mendelian Randomization (MR) in adults. METHODS: In the "Children of 1997" birth cohort (recruited=8,327, included=3,144), we used multivariable linear regression to assess the adjusted associations of sleep duration (measured as time in bed) with Hgb and Hct at 17.5 years and any sex differences. Using two-sample MR, we assessed the effect of sleep duration on Hgb and Hct, based on 61 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) applied to genome-wide association studies of Hgb and Hct in adults (n=361,194). RESULTS: Observationally, self-reported sleep duration was positively associated with Hct (0.034 standard deviations per hour, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.019 to 0.049), but not with Hgb. Using MR longer sleep increased Hct (0.077 standard deviation (SD) per hour, 95% CI 0.035 to 0.119) and Hgb (0.065 SD per hour, 95% CI 0.020 to 0.109) using MR-PRESSO, with more pronounced associations in men. CONCLUSIONS: Our novel findings indicate sleep increases both Hgb and Hct, particularly men, perhaps contributing to its restorative qualities. Potential difference by sex and the implications of these findings warrant investigation.

17.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 31(1): 293-300, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31957407

RESUMO

It is important to reveal the interspecific association and correlation of main species for deep understanding of fish community structure and function. Based on data collected from the bottom trawl surveys from 2013 to 2017 in the Haizhou Bay and the adjacent waters, we analyzed interspecific association of main species using Chi-square test, Jaccard index, and Spearman rank correlation coefficient. There were consistent results from χ2-test, Jaccard index, and Spearman's rank correlation analysis. The proportion of positively correlated species pairs was high in different years, whereas the number of significant or extremely significant species pairs was low. There were 9, 6, 7, 1, 0 significant or extremely significant species pairs over different years based on Jaccard index. There were 12, 20, 13, 5, 6 significant or extremely significant species pairs over different years based on Spearman's rank correlation coefficient. While there were inter-annual changes in related species pairs, the relationship between significant species pairs was relatively stable, indicating a relatively stable interspecific association in the main fish communities. The species within the same ecological type could replace each other in the niche, which have adapted to environmental changes in Haizhou Bay and its adjacent waters.


Assuntos
Baías , Peixes , Animais , Ecologia , Estações do Ano
18.
PLoS One ; 15(1): e0228293, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31961901

RESUMO

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0224635.].

19.
Mol Med Rep ; 21(2): 685-694, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31974594

RESUMO

Non­alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common chronic liver disease. Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) negatively affect the liver and accelerate NAFLD progression; however, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. The present study aimed to examine the effect and mechanism of dietary AGEs on the mouse liver using bioinformatics and in vivo experimental approaches. Gene expression datasets associated with NAFLD were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus and differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified using GEO2R. Functional enrichment analyses were performed using the Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery and a protein­protein interaction network for the DEGs was constructed using the Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes database. MCODE, a Cytoscape plugin, was subsequently used to identify the most significant module. The key genes involved were verified in a dietary AGE­induced non­alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) mouse model using reverse transcription­quantitative PCR (RT­qPCR). The 462 DEGs associated with NAFLD in the two datasets, of which 34 overlapping genes were found in two microarray datasets. Functional analysis demonstrated that the 34 DEGs were enriched in the 'PPAR signaling pathway', 'central carbon metabolism in cancer', and 'cell adhesion molecules (CAMs)'. Moreover, four hub genes (cell death­inducing DFFA­like effector a, cell death­inducing DFFA­like effector c, fatty acid­binding protein 4 and perilipin 4) were identified from a protein­protein interaction network and were verified using RT­qPCR in a mouse model of NASH. The results suggested that AGEs and their receptor axis may be involved in NAFLD onset and/or progression. This integrative analysis identified candidate genes and pathways in NAFLD, as well as DEGs and hub genes related to NAFLD progression in silico and in vivo.

20.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 133(1): 17-24, 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31923100

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Blood glucose control is closely related to type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) prognosis. This multicenter study aimed to investigate blood glucose control among patients with insulin-treated T2DM in North China and explore the application value of combining an elastic network (EN) with a machine-learning algorithm to predict glycemic control. METHODS: Basic information, biochemical indices, and diabetes-related data were collected via questionnaire from 2787 consecutive participants recruited from 27 centers in six cities between January 2016 and December 2017. An EN regression was used to address variable collinearity. Then, three common machine learning algorithms (random forest [RF], support vector machine [SVM], and back propagation artificial neural network [BP-ANN]) were used to simulate and predict blood glucose status. Additionally, a stepwise logistic regression was performed to compare the machine learning models. RESULTS: The well-controlled blood glucose rate was 45.82% in North China. The multivariable analysis found that hypertension history, atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease history, exercise, and total cholesterol were protective factors in glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) control, while central adiposity, family history, T2DM duration, complications, insulin dose, blood pressure, and hypertension were risk factors for elevated HbA1c. Before the dimensional reduction in the EN, the areas under the curve of RF, SVM, and BP were 0.73, 0.61, and 0.70, respectively, while these figures increased to 0.75, 0.72, and 0.72, respectively, after dimensional reduction. Moreover, the EN and machine learning models had higher sensitivity and accuracy than the logistic regression models (the sensitivity and accuracy of logistic were 0.52 and 0.56; RF: 0.79, 0.70; SVM: 0.84, 0.73; BP-ANN: 0.78, 0.73, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: More than half of T2DM patients in North China had poor glycemic control and were at a higher risk of developing diabetic complications. The EN and machine learning algorithms are alternative choices, in addition to the traditional logistic model, for building predictive models of blood glucose control in patients with T2DM.

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