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1.
Environ Technol ; : 1-13, 2018 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30379618

RESUMO

A series of MnOx-CeO2 catalysts with MOx doping (M = Cu, Fe, Co and La) supported on cordierite were synthesized by the citric acid complex method, showing preferable catalytic oxidation of chlorobenzene. The distribution of active oxides, surface areas, as well as the structural morphology of M-MnOx-CeO2 catalysts varied with the different Mn/Ce and M/Mn molar ratios. Meanwhile, physicochemical properties of these catalysts were characterized by XRD, BET, SEM, TEM, H2-TPR and IR. More importantly, the catalytic oxidation routes were also investigated where the process was from chlorobenzene to CO2, H2O, HCl and other by-products for the FeOx-MnOx-CeO2 and CuO-MnOx-CeO2 catalysts. The CuO-MnOx-CeO2 catalysts showed a higher chlorobenzene conversion, and the measured light-off temperature T90 was approximately 400°C. However, a large amount of chloropropane as main by-products was observed. For the FeOx-MnOx-CeO2 catalysts, more carbon monoxide could be found with inadequate oxidation. Comparative analyses of two catalysts indicated that the main cause of the oxidation activities and mechanisms were different in the oxidation capacity and water absorbability of FeOx and CuO. Nevertheless, all of these catalysts did not exhibit any deactivation due to chloride with a high reaction temperature, with chloride transformed to form HCl in the off-gas stream.

2.
Biotechnol Appl Biochem ; 64(6): 888-894, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27730684

RESUMO

Micro- and nanoimmunomagnetic beads (MIMBs and NIMBs) used for immunomagnetic separation (IMS) with PCR were studied for the rapid detection of Salmonella. The capture efficiency of the two different IMBs was evaluated by a conventional plate counting method, and the binding pattern was studied using scanning electron microscopy. The specificity of the IMBs was tested with Salmonella, Shigella flexneri, enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7, and Listeria monocytogenes. By comparing the pre-enrichment IMS and the IMS enrichment steps with a 5.5-H enrichment time, this study developed a rapid and sensitive method for the detection of Salmonella in chicken. The method was implemented by IMS enrichment and PCR with MIMBs and NIMBs, with a total analysis time of 8 H. We showed that the method was sensitive based on NIMBs with a detection limit of 10° CFU for Salmonella in 25 g of chicken.


Assuntos
Separação Imunomagnética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Salmonella/genética , Salmonella/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Galinhas , Separação Imunomagnética/instrumentação
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