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1.
Int J Med Sci ; 18(1): 226-238, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33390791

RESUMO

Background: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is the sixth most common malignancy worldwide, and the prognosis of HNSCC remains bleak. Numerous studies revealed that the tumor mutation burden (TMB) could predict the survival outcomes of a variety of tumors. Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the TMB and immune cell infiltration in these patients and construct an immune-related genes (IRGs) prognostic model. Methods: The expression data of 546 HNSCC patients were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. All patients were divided into high- and low- TMB groups, and the relationship between TMB and clinical relevance was further analyzed. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified using the R software package, limma. Functional enrichment analyses were conducted to identify the significantly enriched pathways between two groups. CIBERSORT algorithm was adopted to calculate the abundance of 22 leukocyte subtypes. The IRGs prognostic model was constructed via the multivariate Cox regression analysis. Results: Missense mutation and single nucleotide variants (SNV) were the most predominant mutation types in HNSCC. TP53, TTN, and FAT1 were the most frequently mutated genes. Patients with high TMB were observed with worse survival outcomes. The functional analysis of TMB associated DEGs showed that the identified DEGs mainly involved in spliceosome, RNA degradation, proteasome, and RNA polymerase pathways. We observed that macrophages, T cells CD8, and T cells CD4 memory were the most commonly infiltrated subtypes of immune cells in HNSCC. Finally, an IRGs prognostic model was constructed, and the AUC of the ROC curve was 0.635. Conclusions: Our results suggest that high TMB is associated with poor prognosis in HNSCC patients. The constructed model has potential prognostic value for the prognosis of these individuals, and it needs to be further validated in large-scale and prospective studies.

2.
Acc Chem Res ; 2021 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33397090

RESUMO

ConspectusWith the development of solid-state lighting technology, efficient light sources that combine high brightness, wide range, and good stability are in high demand for next-generation lighting and displays. Metal halides are emerging as promising luminescent materials due to their versatility for desirable light emission manipulations. This is because the optical activity of the metal halide material depends on the metal halide structural unit and the organic ions or coordinated organic ligands. The different assembly of metal halide units and organic parts can enable versatile light emissions, such as lead halide perovskites (LHPs) and copper halide-organic hybrids. Impressively, the external quantum efficiency of the LHP based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) has improved significantly from 0.1% to over 20% in just five years. With this great progress, the structural lability and toxicity of the LHPs are now the critical issues that need to be addressed for practical applications. These issues are mainly rooted in the intrinsic lead composition and low formation energy crystal structure of the widely adopted LHPs. Thus, the modulation of the structure and composition of the basic metal halide structural units is considered a rational strategy to address these issues.In this Account, we will present a general material design using metal halide structural units as basic building blocks to build up metal halide luminescent materials for solid-state lighting devices. Following this route, we will emphasize the modulation of metal halide structural units to tackle the existing challenges in lead halides, including the instability of crystalline structure, ion migration, and the presence of toxic lead. Considering basic components in structural units, we will highlight ionic engineering in LHPs via ion doping, substitution, and modification to enhance the crystal structural stability and suppress ion migration. To replace toxic lead, we will introduce recent advances in the modulation of lead-free halide structural units by active ion doping and organic ligand coordination to fabricate highly luminescent materials. Finally, we will present future strategies of metal halide structural unit modulation for solid-state light emissions. We hope this Account will provide new insights for designing metal halide materials from the viewpoint of the modulation of the basic building blocks and inspire future studies of advanced metal halide materials for solid-state light emitting applications.

3.
ACS Nano ; 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33397098

RESUMO

The fast development of terahertz technologies demands high-performance electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding materials to create safe electromagnetic environments. Despite tremendous breakthroughs in achieving superb shielding efficiency (SE), conventional shielding materials have high reflectivity and cannot be re-edited or recycled once formed, resulting in detrimental secondary electromagnetic pollution and poor adaptability. Herein, a hydrogel-type shielding material incorporating MXene and poly(acrylic acid) is fabricated through a biomineralization-inspired assembly route. The composite hydrogel exhibits excellent stretchability and recyclability, favorable shape adaptability and adhesiveness, and fast self-healing capability, demonstrating great application flexibility and reliability. More interestingly, the shielding performance of the hydrogel shows absorption-dominated feature due to the combination of the porous structure, moderate conductivity, and internal water-rich environment. High EMI SE of 45.3 dB and broad effective absorption bandwidth (0.2-2.0 THz) with excellent refection loss of 23.2 dB can be simultaneously achieved in an extremely thin hydrogel (0.13 mm). Furthermore, such hydrogel demonstrates sensitive deformation responses and can be used as an on-skin sensor. This work provides not only an alternative strategy for designing next-generation EMI shielding material but also a highly efficient and convenient method for fabricating MXene composite on macroscopic scales.

4.
Head Neck ; 2021 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33421240

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To assess the clinical and survival features of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) with consistently negative Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA level. METHODS: Propensity score matching (PSM) method was used to create well-balanced cohorts. Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazards models were performed to conduct survival analysis. RESULTS: Four hundred and eighty patients were enrolled. Patients with consistently negative plasma EBV DNA level had a greater chance to present a relatively earlier T and N classification compared with those with positive EBV DNA level (p < .001; p = .015). And patients with consistently negative EBV level were significantly associated with preferable 3-year DFS (95.0% vs. 84.4%, p = .004), DMFS (98.3% vs. 89.4%, p = .009), and OS (100% vs. 97.6%, p = .004). CONCLUSIONS: NPC patients with consistently negative EBV DNA level performed an earlier clinical stage and negative EBV DNA level was related to preferable survival outcomes.

5.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; : 1-42, 2021 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33459057

RESUMO

Tyrosinase is a copper-containing oxidation enzyme, which is responsible for the production of melanin. This enzyme is widely distributed in microorganisms, animals and plants, and plays an essential role in undesirable browning of fruits and vegetables, antibiotic resistance, skin pigment formation, sclerotization of cuticle, neurodegeneration, etc. Hence, it has been recognized as a therapeutic target for the development of antibrowning agents, antibacterial agents, skin-whitening agents, insecticides, and other therapeutic agents. With great potential application in food, agricultural, cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries, a large number of synthetic tyrosinase inhibitors have been widely reported in recent years. In this review, we systematically summarized the advances of synthetic tyrosinase inhibitors in the literatures, including their inhibitory activity, cytotoxicity, structure-activity relationship (SAR), inhibition kinetics, and interaction mechanisms with the enzyme. The collected information is expected to provide a rational guidance and effective strategy to develop novel, potent and safe tyrosinase inhibitors for better practical applications in the future.

6.
Food Chem ; 341(Pt 2): 128265, 2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031957

RESUMO

A series of 1,2,4-triazole hydrazones (1-16) were synthesized, and their inhibitory activities and mechanisms on tyrosinase were investigated by ultraviolet spectrophotometry, fluorescence quenching, molecular docking study, etc. Most of compounds possessed potent tyrosinase inhibitory activity. Thereinto, compound 9 presented the superior activity with IC50 of 0.9 µM, which was markedly lower than the standard kojic acid (IC50 = 64.1 µM). Compound 9 not only interacted with copper ions in the active center of the enzyme but also bound to the enzyme-substrate complex, indicating that it was a competitive-noncompetitive mixed inhibitor. Additionally, it also displayed potent DPPH scavenging activity. Antibrowning test showed that compound 9 effectively reduced the enzymatic browning of fresh-cut potatoes. Furthermore, compound 9 exhibited low cytotoxic activity against human normal cell line with IC50 of 49.9 µM. Overall, the present study suggests that these compounds may serve as lead molecules for developing novel antibrowning agents in food industry.

7.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Res ; 1868(1): 118895, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33096144

RESUMO

MutT Homolog 1 (MTH1) is a mammalian 8-oxodGTPase for sanitizing oxidative damage to the nucleotide pool. Nudix type 5 (NUDT5) also sanitizes 8-oxodGDP in the nucleotide pool. The role of MTH1 and NUDT5 in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) progression and metastasis remains unclear. In the present study, we reported that MTH1 and NUDT5 were upregulated in NSCLC cell lines and tissues, and higher levels of MTH1 or NUDT5 were associated with tumor metastasis and a poor prognosis in patients with NSCLC. Their suppression also restrained tumor growth and lung metastasis in vivo and significantly inhibited NSCLC cell migration, invasion, cell proliferation and cell cycle progression while promoting apoptosis in vitro. The opposite effects were observed in vitro following MTH1 or NUDT5 rescue. In addition, the upregulation of MTH1 or NUDT5 enhanced the MAPK pathway and PI3K/AKT activity. Furthermore, MTH1 and NUDT5 induce epithelial-mesenchymal transition both in vitro and in vivo. These results highlight the essential role of MTH1 and NUDT5 in NSCLC tumor tumorigenesis and metastasis as well as their functions as valuable markers of the NSCLC prognosis and potential therapeutic targets.

8.
Food Chem ; 339: 127864, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32858385

RESUMO

Flavoalkaloids have been found from tea. However, there is limited information about their content in different teas. Herein, 51 tea samples were screened for flavoalkaloid content. Twelve teas with relatively higher contents of flavoalkaloids were further quantified by UPLC-TOF-MS/MS. The cultivars Yiwu and Bulangshan had the highest levels, with total flavoalkaloid contents of 3063 and 2727 µg g-1, respectively. Each of the six flavoalkaloids were at levels > 198 µg g-1 in these cultivars. Of the flavoalkaloids, etc-pyrrolidinone A had the highest content in the teas, reaching 835 µg g-1 in Yiwu. The content of the flavoalkaloids varied among tea cultivars and with processing procedures, particularly heating. The potential of using flavoalkaloids to discriminate grades of Keemun black tea was studied and discussed. The teas identified in this work with high levels of flavoalkaloids can be used in the future to study the mechanisms by which flavoalkaloids are synthesized in tea.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/análise , Alcaloides/química , Camellia sinensis/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Manipulação de Alimentos
9.
Lancet Neurol ; 20(1): 49-59, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33212063

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hereditary transthyretin-mediated amyloidosis is a rare, inherited, progressive disease caused by mutations in the transthyretin (TTR) gene. We assessed the safety and efficacy of long-term treatment with patisiran, an RNA interference therapeutic that inhibits TTR production, in patients with hereditary transthyretin-mediated amyloidosis with polyneuropathy. METHODS: This multicentre, open-label extension (OLE) trial enrolled patients at 43 hospitals or clinical centres in 19 countries as of Sept 24, 2018. Patients were eligible if they had completed the phase 3 APOLLO or phase 2 OLE parent studies and tolerated the study drug. Eligible patients from APOLLO (patisiran and placebo groups) and the phase 2 OLE (patisiran group) studies enrolled in this global OLE trial and received patisiran 0·3 mg/kg by intravenous infusion every 3 weeks with plans to continue to do so for up to 5 years. Efficacy assessments included measures of polyneuropathy (modified Neuropathy Impairment Score +7 [mNIS+7]), quality of life, autonomic symptoms, nutritional status, disability, ambulation status, motor function, and cardiac stress, with analysis by study groups (APOLLO-placebo, APOLLO-patisiran, phase 2 OLE patisiran) based on allocation in the parent trial. The global OLE is ongoing with no new enrolment, and current findings are based on the interim analysis of the patients who had completed 12-month efficacy assessments as of the data cutoff. Safety analyses included all patients who received one or more dose of patisiran up to the data cutoff. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02510261. FINDINGS: Between July 13, 2015, and Aug 21, 2017, of 212 eligible patients, 211 were enrolled: 137 patients from the APOLLO-patisiran group, 49 from the APOLLO-placebo group, and 25 from the phase 2 OLE patisiran group. At the data cutoff on Sept 24, 2018, 126 (92%) of 137 patients from the APOLLO-patisiran group, 38 (78%) of 49 from the APOLLO-placebo group, and 25 (100%) of 25 from the phase 2 OLE patisiran group had completed 12-month assessments. At 12 months, improvements in mNIS+7 with patisiran were sustained from parent study baseline with treatment in the global OLE (APOLLO-patisiran mean change -4·0, 95 % CI -7·7 to -0·3; phase 2 OLE patisiran -4·7, -11·9 to 2·4). Mean mNIS+7 score improved from global OLE enrolment in the APOLLO-placebo group (mean change from global OLE enrolment -1·4, 95% CI -6·2 to 3·5). Overall, 204 (97%) of 211 patients reported adverse events, 82 (39%) reported serious adverse events, and there were 23 (11%) deaths. Serious adverse events were more frequent in the APOLLO-placebo group (28 [57%] of 49) than in the APOLLO-patisiran (48 [35%] of 137) or phase 2 OLE patisiran (six [24%] of 25) groups. The most common treatment-related adverse event was mild or moderate infusion-related reactions. The frequency of deaths in the global OLE was higher in the APOLLO-placebo group (13 [27%] of 49), who had a higher disease burden than the APOLLO-patisiran (ten [7%] of 137) and phase 2 OLE patisiran (0 of 25) groups. INTERPRETATION: In this interim 12-month analysis of the ongoing global OLE study, patisiran appeared to maintain efficacy with an acceptable safety profile in patients with hereditary transthyretin-mediated amyloidosis with polyneuropathy. Continued long-term follow-up will be important for the overall assessment of safety and efficacy with patisiran. FUNDING: Alnylam Pharmaceuticals.

10.
Saudi J Biol Sci ; 27(12): 3660-3668, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33304178

RESUMO

Effects of three compound growth regulators formulated with hypersensitivity protein, spermidine, salicylic acid and DA-6 (diethyl aminoethanol hexanoate) were tested on Xinjiang Jun Jujube. The doses of compound growth regulators were named as A (Hypersensitivity protein + spermidine + salicylic acid at the rate of 30 mg/L, 0.1 mmol/L and 0.25 mmol/L, respectively), B (Hypersensitive protein + spermidine + DA-6 at the rate of 30 mg/L, 0.1 mmol/L and 30 mg/L, respectively) and C (Spermidine + salicylic acid + DA-6 at the rate of 0.1 mmol/L, 0.25 mmol/L and 30 mg/L, respectively) versus a control group CK (contained only water). Fruit anatomical structures were compared after spraying. The results indicated that after spraying, the thickness of the upper and lower epidermal cells and the stratum corneum were increased. However, the upper epidermal stratum corneum became significantly thicker than the lower epidermis. Spraying with A improved the thickness of upper and lower epidermal cells, stratum corneum, the central vein and mesophyll. The cumulative effects of all these changes in leaf and fruit anatomical structures provided the resistance of the experimental fruit plant to stress. While the B and C regulators had inhibitory effects. So, the results obtained after spraying A category were beneficial to improve the stress resistance of the fruits. The length and cell area of pericarp and sarcocarp cells in the treatment groups were not changed significantly. But the length, number of sarcocarp cells and number of gaps were lower than those in the CK. This study can provide new measures for improving plant resistance in jujube production.

11.
ACS Nano ; 2020 Dec 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33372769

RESUMO

Optoelectronic synapses integrating synaptic and optical-sensing functions exhibit large advantages in neuromorphic computing for visual information processing and complex learning, recognition, and memory in an energy-efficient way. However, electric stimulation is still essential for existing optoelectronic synapses to realize bidirectional weight-updating, restricting the processing speed, bandwidth, and integration density of the devices. Herein, a two-terminal optical synapse based on a wafer-scale pyrenyl graphdiyne/graphene/PbS quantum dot heterostructure is proposed that can emulate both the excitatory and inhibitory synaptic behaviors in an optical pathway. The simple device architecture and low-dimensional features of the heterostructure endow the optical synapse with robust flexibility for wearable electronics. This optical synapse features a linear and symmetric conductance-update trajectory with numerous conductance states and low noise, which facilitates the demonstration of accurate and effective pattern recognition with a strong fault-tolerant capability even at bending states. A series of logic functions and associative learning capabilities have been demonstrated by the optical synapses in optical pathways, significantly enhancing the information processing capability for neuromorphic computing. Moreover, an integrated visible information sensing memory processing system based on the optical synapse array is constructed to perform real-time detection, in situ image memorization, and distinction tasks. This work is an important step toward the development of optogenetics-inspired neuromorphic computing and adaptive parallel processing networks for wearable electronics.

12.
J Clin Neurosci ; 81: 122-132, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33222901

RESUMO

Treatments enhancing angiogenesis for chronic cerebral hypoperfusion (CCH) are still in the research stage. Although encephalomyosynangiosis (EMS) is a common indirect anastomosis for the treatment of CCH, the effectiveness to promote angiogenesis is not satisfactory. Vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGF) is a cytokine found to specifically act directly on vascular endothelial cells, promote neovascularization, and enhance capillary permeability. However, the short half life and unstable property of VEGF underlies the need to explore available delivery system. In this study, poly (lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) was used to prepare VEGF controlled-release microspheres. In vitro and in vivo analysis of release kinetics showed that the microspheres could release VEGF continuously within 30 days. Then, modified chronic cerebral hypoperfusion rat model was established by ligation of bilateral internal carotid artery and one vertebral artery. At 14 days after ischemia, the EMS and the VEGF microspheres injection were performed. At 30 days after the injection, the result of Morris water maze displayed that combinating VEGF microspheres and EMS significantly ameliorated cognitive deficit after ischemia. We observed that combinating VEGF microspheres and EMS could further significantly increase cerebral blood flow. We speculated that this enhancement of cerebral blood flow was attributed to more angiogenesis induced by combination of VEGF microspheres and EMS, which verified by more collateral circulation with cerebral angiography and higher expression of CD31 or α-SMA. Our study demonstrated that combinating VEGF-PLGA controlled-release microspheres could significantly promote angiogenesis in EMS-based CCH rats model, providing new ideas for clinical treatment of CCH.

13.
Bioorg Med Chem ; : 115851, 2020 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33218896

RESUMO

Myeloid cell leukemia-1 (Mcl-1) is a validated and attractive target for cancer therapy. Over-expression of Mcl-1 in many cancers allows cancer cells to evade apoptosis and contributes to their resistance to current chemotherapeutics. In this study, more than thirty coumarin derivatives with different substituents were designed and synthesized, and their Mcl-1 inhibitory activities evaluated using a fluorescence polarization-based binding assay. The results showed that the catechol group was a key constituent for Mcl-1 inhibitory activity of the coumarins, and methylation of the catechol group led to decreased inhibitory activity. The introduction of a hydrophobic electron-withdrawing group at the C-4 position of 6,7-dihydroxycoumarin, enhanced Mcl-1 inhibitory capacity, and a hydrophilic group in this position was unbeneficial to the inhibitory potency. In addition, the introduction of a nitrogen-containing group to the C-5 or C-8 position, which allowed an intramolecular hydrogen bond, was also unfavorable for Mcl-1 inhibition. Among all coumarins tested, 4-trifluoromethyl-6,7-dihydroxycoumarin (Cpd 4) displayed the most potent inhibitory activity towards Mcl-1 (Ki = 0.21 ± 0.02 µM, IC50 = 1.21 ± 0.56 µM, respectively), for which the beneficial effect on taxol resistance was also validated in A549 cells. A strong interaction between Cpd 4 and Mcl-1 in docking simulations further supported the observed potent Mcl-1 inhibition ability of Cpd 4. 3D-QSAR analysis of all tested coumarin derivatives further provides new insights into the relationships linking the inhibitory effects on Mcl-1 and the steric-electrostatic properties of coumarins. These findings could be of great value for medicinal chemists for the design and development of more potent Mcl-1 inhibitors for biomedical applications.

14.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 19695, 2020 11 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33184436

RESUMO

Bladder cancer is one of the most common cancers worldwide. The immune response and immune cell infiltration play crucial roles in tumour progression. Immunotherapy has delivered breakthrough achievements in the past decade in bladder cancer. Differentially expressed genes and immune-related genes (DEIRGs) were identified by using the edgeR package. Gene ontology annotation and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analyses were performed for functional enrichment analysis of DEIRGs. Survival-associated IRGs were identified by univariate Cox regression analysis. A prognostic model was established by univariate COX regression analysis, and verified by a validation prognostic model based on the GEO database. Patients were divided into high-risk and low-risk groups based on the median risk score value for immune cell infiltration and clinicopathological analyses. A regulatory network of survival-associated IRGs and potential transcription factors was constructed to investigate the potential regulatory mechanisms of survival-associated IRGs. Nomogram and ROC curve to verify the accuracy of the model. Quantitative real-time PCR was performed to validate the expression of relevant key genes in the prognostic model. A total of 259 differentially expressed IRGs were identified in the present study. KEGG pathway analysis of IRGs showed that the "cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction" pathway was the most significantly enriched pathway. Thirteen survival-associated IRGs were selected to establish a prognostic index for bladder cancer. In both TCGA prognostic model and GEO validation model, patients with high riskscore had worse prognosis compared to low riskscore group. A high infiltration level of macrophages was observed in high-risk patients. OGN, ELN, ANXA6, ILK and TGFB3 were identified as hub survival-associated IRGs in the network. EBF1, WWTR1, GATA6, MYH11, and MEF2C were involved in the transcriptional regulation of these survival-associated hub IRGs. The present study identified several survival-associated IRGs of clinical significance and established a prognostic index for bladder cancer outcome evaluation for the first time.

15.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(12): 6284-6293, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33118924

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, non-motile, orange-coloured bacterium, designated YR1-1T, was isolated from a soil sample collected from the Yellow River Delta wetlands (PR China). Growth was observed at a salinity of 1.0-15.0 % NaCl, 4-45 °C and pH 6.0-9.0. The results of phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that YR1-1T represented a member of the genus Psychroflexus, with the highest sequence similarity to Psychroflexus sediminis YIM-C238T (97.9 %), followed by Psychroflexus aestuariivivens (97.1 %) and Psychroflexus torquis (96.4 %). The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between YR1-1T and other closely related type strains of species of the genus Psychroflexus were 68.7-86.3% and 17.8-30.9 %. The genome of the strain was 2 899 374 bp in length with 39.8 % DNA G+C content. The predominant fatty acids (>10 %) were iso-C15 : 0 and anteiso-C15 : 0. The major respiratory quinone was menaquinone-6 (MK-6) and the major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phospholipid, diphosphatidylglycerol, two unidentified aminolipids and four unidentified lipids. The combined genotypic and phenotypic data indicate that YR1-1T represents a novel species within the genus Psychroflexus, for which the name Psychroflexus aurantiacus sp. nov., is proposed. The type strain is YR1-1T (=KCTC 72794T=CGMCC 1.17458T).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Áreas Alagadas , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rios , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
16.
Cancer Med ; 9(22): 8612-8623, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33016643

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: AUF1 is one of the AU-rich binding proteins, which promotes rapid ARE-mRNA degradation. Recently, it has been reported that AUF1 is involved in regulating the antioxidant system because of its capacity to bind specifically to RNA containing oxidized bases and degrade oxidized RNA. Many antioxidant proteins have been reported to be overexpressed in colorectal cancer (CRC), however, the role of AUF1 in the progression of CRC has not been explored. METHODS: The expression level of AUF1 protein in human CRC cell lines and CRC tissues was detected by western blotting and immunohistochemistry (IHC. The effects of AUF1 knockdown on CRC cell proliferation, migration, invasion and changes in the signaling pathways were evaluated using a cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), Transwell assays and western blotting. Subcutaneous xenograft tumor model was employed to further substantiate the role of AUF1 in CRC. RESULTS: AUF1 protein was upregulated in CRC tissues and CRC cells, and high expression of AUF1 was significantly associated with advanced AJCC stage (P = .001), lymph node metastasis (P = .007), distant metastasis (P = .038) and differentiation (P = .009) of CRC specimens. CRC patients with the high expression of AUF1 had an extremely poor prognosis. The knockdown of AUF1 suppressed CRC cell line proliferation, migration and invasion, inhibited CRC cells tumorigenesis and growth in nude mice, and reduced phosphorylated-ERK1/2 and phosphorylated AKT in CRC cells. CONCLUSION: Our findings demonstrate that AUF1 is probably involved in the progression of CRC via the activation of the ERK1/2 and AKT pathways. AU-rich RNA-binding factor 1 could be used as a novel prognostic biomarker and a potential therapeutic target for CRC.

17.
J Phys Chem Lett ; : 9371-9378, 2020 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33095581

RESUMO

All-inorganic cesium lead halide perovskite colloidal nanocrystals are attractive for next-generation light-emitting diodes because of their high color purity, but the nonradiative Auger recombination in perovskite nanocrystal film limits the efficiency and brightness of the fabricated devices. Here, we introduce a surface-engineering process to exchange the original long-chain oleic acid/oleylamine ligands by the cerium-tributylphosphine oxide hybrid ligands to suppress nonradiative Auger recombination in CsPbBr3 NC film for bright and low-efficiency roll-off light-emitting diodes. Using ultrafast transient absorption and time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy, we demonstrate that the hybrid ligand passivation can efficiently remove surface trap states to enhance radiative recombination and homogenize the exciton concentration to suppress nonradiative Auger recombination in the CsPbBr3 nanocrystal thin film. Consequently, we fabricate a light-emitting diode with efficient charge injection into the CsPbBr3 nanocrystal emitting layer, achieving a pronounced improvement of electroluminescence with an external quantum efficiency from 5.5% to 9.1%. More importantly, the efficiency roll-off characteristics of high-brightness light-emitting diodes is effectively mitigated. Our reported hybrid ligand passivation suppressed Auger recombination strategy shows a great potential for fabricating high-brightness cesium lead halide perovskite light-emitting diodes.

18.
Rejuvenation Res ; 2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32892706

RESUMO

High sucrose can induce tau hyperphosphorylation and cognitive dysfunction/memory impairment as observed in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Rutaecarpine, a specific (transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 [TRPV1]) agonist, is neuroprotective against high sucrose diet-induced impairment, but detailed mechanisms are still elusive. In this study, we investigated whether rutaecarpine mitigates high sucrose diet-induced pathological alterations and cognitive in AD-like mice. Mice were administered fodder containing 0.01% rutaecarpine and 20% sucrose solution. Our results showed that rutaecarpine significantly attenuated high sucrose diet-induced spatial memory impairment and enhanced synaptic plasticity; rutaecarpine prevented high sucrose diet-induced tau hyperphosphorylation by decreasing glycogen synthase kinase-3ß (GSK-3ß) activity; activation of GSK-3ß reversed the protective effect of rutaecarpine on learning and memory deficits, synaptic plasticity, and tau hyperphosphorylation induced by high-glucose diet significantly, suggesting that GSK-3ß activation is required for high glucose-induced tau hyperphosphorylation. These results demonstrated that rutaecarpine can mitigate high sucrose diet-induced hyperphosphorylation of AD-associated tau protein and cognitive impairment by inhibiting GSK-3ß, which supported that dietary rutaecarpine might have a promising use for therapeutic intervention of AD.

19.
J Appl Res Intellect Disabil ; 33(6): 1465-1477, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32881305

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Interventions with active video games (AVGs) can promote physical activity (PA) and health and are compatible with a school setting. The needs of children with intellectual disability (ID) in this area have been neglected. METHODS: A two-arm trial was conducted among 203 students with intellectual disability. The intervention group was prescribed a 12-week intervention with AVG. The control group continued with usual PA. RESULTS: Children's BOT-2 short-form score increased in both the intervention and control groups. However, the AVG intervention had no statistically significant effect on children's body composition, PA and motor proficiency overall, or in analyses of subgroups based on age, body weight and comorbid autism. CONCLUSION: Active video game intervention had no marked effect on body composition, PA and motor proficiency in children with intellectual disability. The reasons for the lack of effectivity of the intervention are discussed; these may provide better guidelines for future AVG intervention in children with intellectual disability.

20.
Eur J Clin Invest ; : e13409, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32916764

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accurate classification of coronary artery abnormalities (CAAs) is essential for clinical decision-making and long-term management in Kawasaki disease (KD) patients. To date, there are several echocardiographic criteria of CAA assessment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Japanese Ministry of Health (JMH) criteria and the Z-score criteria from 2004 American Heart Association guidelines were adopted and their detective efficacies for CAAs were compared in 251 Chinese patients with KD Z scores were calculated by 6 published methods. RESULTS: According to the JMH criteria, 19 (7.57%) KD patients were classified as CAAs during the acute KD episode. However, the detective number of CAAs was highest and had a 0.68-fold increase by the Dallaire et al method with a Z-score cut point of ≥2.5 as compared with the JMH criteria; in contrast, more than 78.95% of patients with CAAs identified by the JMH criteria had a coronary artery Z score ≥2.5. All 6 different Z-score methods had satisfactory accuracies with a range from 93.23% to 97.61% in screening CAAs. For the 19 patients with CAAs identified by the JMH criteria, their Z scores presented the widest variation calculated by the McCrindle et al method. CONCLUSIONS: The JMH criteria underestimate the prevalence of CAAs as compared with the Z-score criteria. Quantitative assessment of coronary artery luminal dimensions, normalized as Z scores adjusted for body surface, should be recommended. The larger coronary artery luminal dimensions vary, the more heterogeneous Z scores calculated by different methods have.

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