Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 403
Filtrar
1.
Nutr J ; 20(1): 30, 2021 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33794916

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A low serum vitamin D concentration has been reported to be associated with an increased risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD); however, whether lean or obese individuals show a similar association between vitamin D and NAFLD remains speculative. This study aimed to explore the relationship between serum vitamin D concentration and NAFLD in lean and obese Chinese adults. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 2538 participants (1360 men and 1178 women) who underwent health checkups at the First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine in 2019. NAFLD was diagnosed by liver ultrasound excluding other causes. The association of serum vitamin D concentration with NAFLD was analyzed in lean and obese participants. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of NAFLD was 33.61% (13.10% in lean and 53.32% in obese) in this study population. The serum vitamin D levels of obese NAFLD patients were lower than those of obese NAFLD-free controls. However, the serum vitamin D levels of lean NAFLD patients were comparable to those of lean NAFLD-free controls. Serum vitamin D level was negatively correlated with the prevalence of NAFLD in obese but not lean participants. Serum vitamin D level was independently associated with the risk of NAFLD in obese participants, with an adjusted odds ratio (95% CI) of 0.987 (0.981-0.993). However, serum vitamin D level was not related to the risk of NAFLD in lean participants. CONCLUSIONS: A low serum vitamin D level is associated with NAFLD in obese but not lean participants.

2.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 6643948, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33778076

RESUMO

Objective: AML is a heterogeneous disease both in genomic and proteomic backgrounds, and variable outcomes may appear in the same cytogenetic risk group. Therefore, it is still necessary to identify new antigens that contribute to diagnostic information and to refine the current risk stratification. Methods: The expression of C-type lectin-like molecule-1 (CLL-1) in AML blasts was examined in 52 patients with newly diagnosed or relapsed/refractory AML and was compared with two other classic markers CD33 and CD34 in AML, in order to assess the value of CLL-1 as an independent biomarker or in combination with other markers for diagnosis in AML. Subsequently, the value of CLL-1 as a biomarker for prognosis was assessed in this malignant tumor. Results: The results showed that CLL-1 was expressed on the cell surface of the majority of AML blasts (78.8%) and also expressed on leukemic stem cells in varying degree but absent on normal hematopoietic stem cells. Notably, CLL-1 was able to complement the classic markers CD33 or CD34. After dividing the cases into CLL-1high and CLL-1low groups according to cutoff 59.0%, we discovered that event-free survival and overall survival (OS) of the CLL-1low group were significantly lower than that of the CLL-1high group, and low CLL-1 expression seems to be independently associated with shorter OS. Conclusions: These preliminary observations identified CLL-1 as a biomarker for diagnosis and prognosis of AML.

3.
Liver Int ; 41(4): 777-787, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33555112

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), whose pathogenesis remains unelucidated, has become an increasingly prevalent disease globally requiring novel treatment strategies. This study aims to explore the role of leukocyte cell-derived chemotaxin 2 (LECT2), one of the known hepatokines, in the development of NAFLD. METHODS: The serum LECT2 level was evaluated in patients with NAFLD and male C57BL/6 mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD) for 8 weeks. Tail intravenous injection of adeno-associated virus that contained Lect2 short hairpin RNA or Lect2 overexpression plasmid was administered to mice to inhibit or increase hepatic Lect2 expression. Hepatic steatosis was evaluated by histological staining with haematoxylin and eosin and Oil Red O, and also by quantitative hepatic triglyceride measurements. RNA-seq was performed to discover the specific targets of LECT2 on NAFLD. RESULTS: Serum and hepatic LECT2 levels were elevated in NAFLD patients and HFD-fed mice. Inhibition of hepatic Lect2 expression alleviated HFD-induced hepatic steatosis and inflammation, whereas hepatic overexpression of Lect2 aggravated HFD-induced hepatic steatosis and inflammation. RNA-seq and bioinformatical analysis suggested that the signal transducers and activators of transcription-1 (STAT-1) pathway might play an indispensable role in the interaction between LECT2 and NAFLD. A STAT-1 inhibitor could reverse the accumulation of hepatic lipids caused by Lect2 overexpression. CONCLUSION: LECT2 expression is significantly elevated in NAFLD. LECT2 induces the occurrence and development of NAFLD through the STAT-1 pathway. LECT2 may be a potential therapeutic target for NAFLD.

4.
Molecules ; 26(4)2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33567750

RESUMO

Rhus verniciflua Stokes (RVS) has been traditionally used as an herbal remedy to support the digestive functions in traditional Korean medicine. Additionally, the pharmacological effects of RVS, including antioxidative, antimicrobial and anticancer activities, have been well-reported. The genotoxicity of RVS, however, is elusive; thus, we evaluated the genotoxicity of RVS without bark (RVX) for safe application as a resource of functional food or a medical drug. To evaluate the genotoxicity of RVX, we used a bacterial reverse mutation test, chromosomal aberration test and comet assay, according to the "Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development" (OECD) guidelines. Briefly, for the reverse mutation test, samples (5000, 1667, 556, 185, 62 and 0 µg/plate of RVX or the positive control) were treated with a precultured strain (TA98, TA100, TA1535, TA1537 or WP2µvrA) with or without the S9 mix, in which RVX partially induced a reverse mutation in four bacterial strains. From the chromosomal aberration test and comet assay, the RVX samples (556, 185, 62, 20 and 0 µg/mL of RVX or the positive control) were treated in a Chinese hamster ovary cell line (CHO-K1 cells) in the conditions of the S9 mix absent or S9 mix present and in Chang liver cells and C2C12 myoblasts, respectively. No chromosomal aberrations in CHO-K1 or DNA damage in Chang liver cells and C2C12 myoblasts was observed. In conclusion, our results suggest the non-genotoxicity of RVX, which would be helpful as a reference for the safe application of bark-removed Rhus verniciflua Stokes as functional raw materials in the food, cosmetics or pharmaceutical fields.

5.
Endokrynol Pol ; 2021 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33619716

RESUMO

Chronic hepatitis B is a severe, life-threatening health problem that can lead to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Nowadays, the management of hepatitis B is involved in nucleostide analogue. Adefovir dipivoxil is widely used in antivirus therapy, which can suppress hepatitis B virus replication in most patients, even in lamivudine-resistant patients. However, increasing reports about the adverse events were found in the last few years. We herein discuss one of its complications, hypophosphatemic osteomalacia, through a case report.

6.
Lupus ; 30(5): 725-733, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33557684

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have reported inconsistent results on the relationship between alcohol intake and the risk of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Therefore, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to illustrate the potential role of alcohol intake on the progression of SLE. METHODS: An electronic search of the PubMed, EmBase, and the Cochrane library databases was conducted from their inception up to March 2020. Observational studies that investigated the role of alcohol intake on the risk of SLE were eligible for inclusion in this study. The pooled odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated as an effect estimate using the random-effects model. RESULTS: Seven case-control studies (n = 3, 251) and three cohort studies (n = 322, 479) were selected for the final meta-analysis. Mild (OR: 0.85; 95% CI: 0.53-1.38; p = 0.515) or heavy (OR: 0.63; 95% CI: 0.37-1.09; p = 0.102) alcohol intake were not associated with the risk of SLE, while moderate alcohol intake could protect against the risk of SLE (OR: 0.71; 95% CI: 0.55-0.93; p = 0.012). Sensitivity analysis suggested that heavy alcohol intake was associated with a reduced risk of SLE (OR: 0.47; 95% CI: 0.32-0.67; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This study found that moderate alcohol intake could protect against the risk of SLE, while mild or heavy alcohol intake did not significantly affect the risk of SLE.

7.
Int J Clin Pract ; : e13981, 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33405321

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The OM-85 (Broncho-Vaxom) consumption has drawn considerable attention in the prevention of recurrent respiratory tract infections. However, it has been reported that the relationship between OM-85 consumption and recurrent respiratory tract infections is variable. This meta-analysis was performed to evaluate this relationship. METHODS: A systematic literature search up-to May 2020 was performed and 14 studies were detected with 1859 paediatric subjects, of them 890 consumed OM-85. They were reporting relationships between OM-85 consumption and recurrent respiratory tract infections. Odds ratio (OR) or mean differences (MD) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) was calculated to evaluate the prognostic role of OM-85 consumption and recurrent respiratory tract infections using the dichotomous or continuous method with a random or fixed-effect model. RESULTS: OM-85 consumption was significantly related to lower frequency of respiratory tract infections (MD, -1.16; 95% CI, -1.66 to -0.65, P < .001); lower total duration of respiratory tract infections (MD, -19.51; 95% CI, -23.00 to -16.01, P < .001); lower incidence of respiratory tract infections (OR, 0.40; 95% CI, 0.21-0.77, P = .006); lower number of antibiotic courses (MD, -1.40; 95% CI, -2.63 to 0.17, P = .03); and lower antibiotic use (OR, 0.38; 95% CI, 0.29-0.52, P < .001). However, OM-85 consumption was not significantly related to adverse event rate (OR, 1.02; 95% CI, 0.52-2.03, P = .94); or to wheezing attacks frequency (MD, -0.25; 95% CI, -0.59 to 0.08, P = .14). CONCLUSIONS: The impact of OM-85 consumption on recurrent respiratory tract infections may have a great effect as a tool to improve subjects' immunity against recurrent respiratory tract infections, which could be helpful in crucial situations, eg, COVID-19 pandemic. OM-85 non-consumers had an independent risk relationship with recurrent respiratory tract infections. This relationship forces us to recommend OM-85 consumption with those with a high risk of recurrent respiratory tract infections to avoid any possible complications.

8.
J Mass Spectrom ; 56(2): e4696, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33421261

RESUMO

Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) has revolutionized the microbial identification, especially in the clinical microbiology laboratories. However, although numerous studies on the identification of microorganisms by MALDI-TOF MS have been reported previously, few studies focused on the effect of pretreatment on identification. Due to the sensitivity of MALDI-TOF MS, different preparation methods will lead to changes in microbial protein fingerprints. In this study, for evaluating a more appropriate preparation method for the clinical microbiology identification, we analyzed the performance of three sample preparation methods on two different MALDI-TOF MS systems. A total of 321 clinical isolates, 127 species, were employed in the comparative study of three different sample preparation methods including the direct colony transfer method (DCTM), the on-target extraction method (OTEM), and the in-tube extraction method (ITEM) compatible with MALDI-TOF MS. All isolates were tested on the Microflex LT and Autof ms1000 devices. The spectra were analyzed using the Bruker biotyper and the Autof ms1000 systems. The results were confirmed by 16/18S rRNA sequencing. Results reveal that the accuracies of isolates identification by Bruker biotyper successfully identified 83.8%, 96.0%, and 95.3% after performing the DCTM, OTEM, and ITEM, respectively, while the Autof ms1000 identified 97.5%, 100%, and 99.7%. These data suggested that the identification rates are comparable among the three preparation methods using the Autof ms1000 and Bruker microflex LT systems but the OTEM is more suitable and necessary for clinical application, owing to its key advantages of simplicity and accuracy.

9.
Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol ; 320(4): G531-G542, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33470903

RESUMO

Granulocyte colony stimulating factor (GCSF) is a cytokine with immunomodulation effects. However, little is known about its role in metabolic diseases. In the current study, we aimed to explore the role of GCSF in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Male GCSF-/- mice were used to investigate the function of GCSF in vivo after high-fat diet (HFD). Primary hepatocytes were used for evaluating the function of GCSF in vitro. Liver immune cells were isolated and analyzed by flow cytometry. Our results showed that GCSF administration significantly increased serum triglyceride (TG) levels in patients. Circulating GCSF was markedly elevated in HFD-fed mice. GCSF-/- mice exhibited alleviated HFD-induced obesity, insulin resistance, and hepatic steatosis. Extra administration of GCSF significantly aggravated palmitic acid (PA)-induced lipid accumulation in primary hepatocytes. Mechanically, GCSF could bind to granulocyte colony stimulating factor receptor (GCSFR) and regulate suppressors of cytokine signaling 3, Janus kinase, signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (SOCS3-JAK-STAT3) pathway. GCSF also enhanced hepatic neutrophils and macrophages infiltration, thereby modulating NAFLD. These findings suggest that GCSF plays an important regulatory role in NAFLD and may be a potential therapeutic target for NAFLD.NEW & NOTEWORTHY We found GCSF was involved in lipid metabolism and NAFLD development. GCSF administration increased serum triglyceride levels in patients. GCSF deficiency alleviated HFD-induced insulin resistance and hepatic steatosis in mice. GCSF could directly act on hepatocytes through GCSFR-SOCS3-JAK-STAT3 pathway, and regulate the infiltration of immune cells into the liver to indirectly modulate NAFLD. Our finding indicates that GCSF may provide new strategies for the treatment of NAFLD.

10.
J Hazard Mater ; 407: 124862, 2021 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33360190

RESUMO

Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), a synthetic and widely used chemical, has aroused wide public concern due to its persistence, bioaccumulation, and potential toxicity. To investigate splenic atrophy induced by PFOA, male mice were exposed to 0, 0.4, 2, or 10 mg/kg/d PFOA for 28 d. Results demonstrated that spleen weight and relative spleen weight (RSW) decreased in the 2 and 10 mg/kg/d PFOA exposure groups. Iron levels in the spleen and serum were also reduced in all PFOA exposure groups. Weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) of 7 043 genes highlighted enrichment in cell cycle, autoimmunity, and anemia in the spleen. In addition, changes in the levels of hemoglobin, platelets, bilirubin, and heme oxygenase-1 were consistent with anemia. The ratio of total macrophages to M1 macrophages in the spleen, phagocytic ability of macrophages, and levels of cytokines such as TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6 all increased, thus suggesting the occurrence of autoimmune disorder. Therefore, we concluded that overactivation of macrophages may be an important reason for splenic atrophy induced by PFOA exposure.

11.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 245: 118888, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32947159

RESUMO

In this study, the feasibility of estimation and forecast of different vitality Quercus variabilis seeds by a hyperspectral imaging technique were investigated. Artificially accelerated aging was conducive to achieve the division of four vitality levels. Hyperspectral data in the first 10 h of germination were continuously collected at one-hour intervals. The optimal band was selected for the original and pre-processed spectra which were treated by multiple scatter correction (MSC) and the Savitzky-Golay first derivative (SG 1st). Five characteristic wavelength methods were compared: successive projections algorithm (SPA), competitive adaptive reweighted sampling (CARS), genetic algorithm (GA), variable important in projection (VIP), and random frog (RF). Partial least square-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) and K-nearest neighbor (KNN) built the vitality estimation model based on different data sets, and GA + PLS-DA constructed the optimal model with the highest accuracy. According to the weight coefficient and reflectance of the characteristic band extracted by the GA, the reflectance curves of different levels over time were plotted. The data of 0 h was employed to establish the vitality forecast model. The forecast model had a high recognition rate, with PLS-DA exceeding 99% and KNN exceeding 85%. This indicated that hyperspectral imaging of seed germination processes could achieve non-destructive estimation of Q. variabilis seed vitality, and accurate prediction in a shorter time is feasible.

12.
Hum Brain Mapp ; 42(1): 192-203, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33030795

RESUMO

Subjective cognitive decline (SCD) is a high-risk yet less understood status before developing Alzheimer's disease (AD). This work included 76 SCD individuals with two (baseline and 7 years later) neuropsychological evaluations and a baseline T1-weighted structural MRI. A machine learning-based model was trained based on 198 baseline neuroimaging (morphometric) features and a battery of 25 clinical measurements to discriminate 24 progressive SCDs who converted to mild cognitive impairment (MCI) at follow-up from 52 stable SCDs. The SCD progression was satisfactorily predicted with the combined features. A history of stroke, a low education level, a low baseline MoCA score, a shrunk left amygdala, and enlarged white matter at the banks of the right superior temporal sulcus were found to favor the progression. This is to date the largest retrospective study of SCD-to-MCI conversion with the longest follow-up, suggesting predictable far-future cognitive decline for the risky populations with baseline measures only. These findings provide valuable knowledge to the future neuropathological studies of AD in its prodromal phase.

13.
Postgrad Med ; : 1-8, 2020 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33301366

RESUMO

Objective: Over the past few decades, the prevalence of hearing impairment (HI) has rapidly increased, making HI one of the most common causes of disability, globally. The burden of HI is particularly heavy in low socioeconomic status populations. Despite extensive research into the range of HI prevalence in low socioeconomic status populations, worldwide, population-based studies have been rare. Thus, we explored HI prevalence and risk factors among low-income, middle-aged and elderly individuals in Tianjin, China. Method: Between September and November 2013, 2351 rural residents in Tianjin, China were recruited into the study. All participants completed questionnaire surveys, physical examinations, laboratory examinations, and hearing tests. HI was measured using pure-tone audiometry, and audiologists determined the final diagnoses.Results: Among the 2351 participants, ≥45 years old, the prevalence of HI was 49.3%, including 54.3% among men and 46.0% among women. Slight HI accounted for the largest proportion of individuals (40.7%). The risk of HI among men was 32.9% higher than among women. Moreover, the risk of HI increased with increasing age. Compared with the 45-54-year-old group, the risk of HI in individuals in the 55-64-year-old, 65-74-year-old, and ≥75-year-old groups were 25.8%, 109.9%, and 373.7% higher, respectively. Moreover, increased with each 1-mmHg SBP, the risk of HI increase 0.7% (95%CI: 1.001-1.013; P = 0.017); while increased with each 1-mmHg DBP, the risk of HI decrease 1.7% (95%CI: 0.973-0.993; P = 0.001) Conclusions: The burden of HI in rural northern China is heavy, especially among elderly men and people with elevated systolic blood pressure (SBP). Addressing HI prevention is critical for reducing the HI burden and improving quality of life.

14.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 7: 547365, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33263005

RESUMO

Worldwide, the stroke burden remains severe, especially for people in low socioeconomic groups. Atherosclerosis is a leading cause of stroke that is attracting increasingly greater attention. Blood pressure, including pulse pressure (PP) and systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressures, is a traditional risk factor for atherosclerosis; its association with carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) has also been widely studied. However, published studies have not reported on the relationship between PP and CIMT in low-income adults. Thus, this study investigated the relationship between PP and CIMT in a low-income population, in China. A total of 3,789 people, aged ≥45 years and without histories of stroke or cardiovascular disease, were recruited into this study. B-mode ultrasonography was performed to determine CIMTs. Demographic characteristics, physical examination data, previous medical histories, and laboratory test results were collected for each study participant. Multiple linear regression models were used to analyze the association between CIMT and PP. The mean CIMT was 567.1 µm (males, 583.5 µm; females, 555.7 µm). The SBP, DBP, PP, and mean arterial pressure (MAP) values were all positively correlated with CIMT, in the univariate analysis; PP and MAP showed the strongest correlations. In addition, in three multiple linear regression models, PP was shown to be significantly associated with CIMT; each 1-mm Hg increase in PP resulted in a CIMT increase of ≥0.41 µm (all P < 0.001). Our results demonstrated that, when compared with SBP, DBP, and MAP, PP may be the best predictor of CIMT. Thus, controlling blood pressure, especially PP levels, is vital to decreasing the prevalence of atherosclerosis, especially in this low socioeconomic status population in China.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33280050

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Type 1 regulatory T (Tr1) cells are involved in the pathogenesis of numerous immune-mediated diseases. However, little is known about whether and how Tr1 cells affect the development of IgA vasculitis (IgAV). We aimed to investigate this question in IgAV patients. METHODS: . Tr1 cells in peripheral blood and kidney tissue of IgAV patients were analysed by multi-parametric flow cytometry and immunofluorescence techniques. An in vitro assay of suppression of T cell proliferation and cytokine release was performed to evaluate the function of Tr1 cells. Real-time PCR and cell stimulation in vitro were used to explore the roles of IL-27 and early growth response gene 2 (EGR2). RESULTS: The frequency of Tr1 cells was decreased in peripheral blood but increased in kidney tissue from IgAV patients. A defective suppressive function of Tr1 cells in IgAV was observed. The frequency of Tr1 cells and the cytokines secreted by them were up-regulated in the presence of recombinant IL-27 in vitro. Moreover, IL-27 also increased the expression of EGR2. Furthermore, lower frequency of Tr1 cells during remission had a higher recurrence rate. CONCLUSION: Tr1 cells are involved in the pathogenesis of IgAV. The low IL-27 in IgAV is responsible for impaired frequency and function of Tr1 cells, and EGR2 may be the specific transcription factor involved in the progression. Tr1 may be a risk factor for IgAV recurrence.

16.
Cell Rep ; 33(6): 108369, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33176141

RESUMO

Nerve injury in somatosensory pathways may lead to neuropathic pain, which affects the life quality of ∼8% of people. Long-term enhancement of excitatory synaptic transmission along somatosensory pathways contributes to neuropathic pain. Caspase 3 (Casp3) plays a non-apoptotic role in the hippocampus and regulates internalization of α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptor (AMPAR) subunits. Whether Casp3-AMPAR interaction is involved in the maintenance of peripheral hypersensitivity after nerve injury remained unknown. Here, we show that nerve injury suppresses long-term depression (LTD) and downregulates Casp3 in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC). Interfering with interactions between Casp3 and AMPAR subunits or reducing Casp3 activity in the ACC suppresses LTD induction and causes peripheral hypersensitivity. Overexpression of Casp3 restores LTD and reduces peripheral hypersensitivity after nerve injury. We reveal how Casp3 is involved in the maintenance of peripheral hypersensitivity. Our findings suggest that restoration of LTD via Casp3 provides a therapeutic strategy for neuropathic pain management.

17.
Front Neurosci ; 14: 858, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33041749

RESUMO

Up to 40% of very preterm infants (≤32 weeks' gestational age) were identified with a cognitive deficit at 2 years of age. Yet, accurate clinical diagnosis of cognitive deficit cannot be made until early childhood around 3-5 years of age. Recently, brain structural connectome that was constructed by advanced diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) technique has been playing an important role in understanding human cognitive functions. However, available annotated neuroimaging datasets with clinical and outcome information are usually limited and expensive to enlarge in the very preterm infants' studies. These challenges hinder the development of neonatal prognostic tools for early prediction of cognitive deficit in very preterm infants. In this study, we considered the brain structural connectome as a 2D image and applied established deep convolutional neural networks to learn the spatial and topological information of the brain connectome. Furthermore, the transfer learning technique was utilized to mitigate the issue of insufficient training data. As such, we developed a transfer learning enhanced convolutional neural network (TL-CNN) model for early prediction of cognitive assessment at 2 years of age in very preterm infants using brain structural connectome. A total of 110 very preterm infants were enrolled in this work. Brain structural connectome was constructed using DTI images scanned at term-equivalent age. Bayley III cognitive assessments were conducted at 2 years of corrected age. We applied the proposed model to both cognitive deficit classification and continuous cognitive score prediction tasks. The results demonstrated that TL-CNN achieved improved performance compared to multiple peer models. Finally, we identified the brain regions most discriminative to the cognitive deficit. The results suggest that deep learning models may facilitate early prediction of later neurodevelopmental outcomes in very preterm infants at term-equivalent age.

18.
Front Oncol ; 10: 1549, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33072547

RESUMO

Glioblastoma, also known as glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), is the most malignant form of glioma and represents 81% of malignant brain and central nervous system (CNS) tumors. Like most cancers, GBM causes metabolic recombination to promote cell survival, proliferation, and invasion of cancer cells. In this study, we propose a method for constructing the metabolic subpathway activity score matrix to accurately identify abnormal targets of GBM metabolism. By integrating gene expression data from different sequencing methods, our method identified 25 metabolic subpathways that were significantly abnormal in the GBM patient population, and most of these subpathways have been reported to have an effect on GBM. Through the analysis of 25 GBM-related metabolic subpathways, we found that (S)-2,3-Epoxysqualene, which was at the central region of the sterol biosynthesis subpathway, may have a greater impact on the entire pathway, suggesting a potential high association with GBM. Analysis of CCK8 cell activity indicated that (S)-2,3-Epoxysqualene can indeed inhibit the activity of U87-MG cells. By flow cytometry, we demonstrated that (S)-2,3-Epoxysqualene not only arrested the U87-MG cell cycle in the G0/G1 phase but also induced cell apoptosis. These results confirm the reliability of our proposed metabolic subpathway identification method and suggest that (S)-2,3-Epoxysqualene has potential therapeutic value for GBM. In order to make the method more broadly applicable, we have developed an R system package crmSubpathway to perform disease-related metabolic subpathway identification and it is freely available on the GitHub (https://github.com/hanjunwei-lab/crmSubpathway).

19.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(10): 833, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028811

RESUMO

A number of circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been implicated in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) pathogenesis; however, little is known about their function and hidden molecular mechanism in immune and inflammation regulation. We investigated the role and the underlying mechanism of circRNA_09505 in RA in this study. Real-time PCR and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) are adopted to estimate the quantitative expression and localization of circRNA_09505 in macrophages. The altering effect of circRNA_09505 on inflammation is investigated in vitro and in vivo by use of macrophage cell models and collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mice. Luciferase reporter assay and RNA-binding protein immunoprecipitation (RIP) are used to confirm the circRNA_09505/miR-6089 ceRNA network predicted by bioinformatics analysis. Compared with controls, the expression of circRNA_09505 is upregulated in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from patients with RA. The proliferation and cell cycle are significantly promoted when circRNA_09505 is upregulated in macrophages, whereas knockdown of circRNA_09505 inhibits macrophage proliferation and cell- cycle progression. Besides, circRNA_09505 can act as a miRNA sponge for miR-6089 in macrophages, and promote the production of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-12 through ceRNA mechanism. Moreover, AKT1 is a direct target of miR-6089. CircRNA_09505 can promote AKT1 expression by acting as a miR-6089 sponge via IκBα/NF-κB signaling pathway in macrophages. Most interestingly, knockdown of circRNA_09505 significantly alleviates arthritis and inflammation in vivo in CIA mice. These data support the hypothesis that circRNA_09505 can function as a miR-6089 sponge and regulate inflammation via miR-6089/AKT1/NF-κB axis in CIA mice.

20.
Chem Biodivers ; 17(12): e2000652, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33089958

RESUMO

Bioactive constituents from Rhodiola rosea L. (RRL) exhibit multiple pharmacological effects on diverse diseases. However, whether they are suitable for the treatment of radiation-induced intestinal injury (RIII) remains unclear. This study aims to investigate their roles and mechanisms in the RIII rat model. The radioprotective effects of the four bioactive constituents of RRL (salidroside, herbacetin, rosavin and arbutin) were evaluated by the cell viability of irradiated IEC-6 cells. Intestinal tissues were collected for histological analysis, localized inflammation and oxidative stress assessments. Our work showed that salidroside, rosavin and arbutin improved the cell viability of the irradiated IEC-6 cells, with the highest improvement in 12.5 µM rosavin group. The rosavin treatment significantly improved survival rate and intestinal damage in irradiated rats by modulating the inflammatory response and oxidative stress. Our work indicated that rosavin may be the optimal constituent of RRL for RIII treatment, providing an attractive candidate for radioprotection.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...