Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 51
Filtrar
1.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34850551

RESUMO

It has been shown that N6-methyladenosine (m6A) modification is involved in the development of complex human diseases, especially in the development of cancer. Our research investigated the role and mechanism of the m6A modification of lncRNA KCNQ1 overlapping transcript 1 (KCNQ1OT1) in Laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) progression. Microarray analysis was used to quantitatively detect the m6A apparent transcriptional modification level of lncRNA in LSCC tissue. Methylated RNA immunoprecipitation-qPCR (MeRIP-qPCR), in situ hybridization (ISH) and quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) were used to examine the m6A modification and expression of KCNQ1OT1. In addition, in vivo and in vitro experiments have tested the effects of KCNQ1OT1 knockdown on the proliferation, invasion and metastasis of LSCC. Mechanically, we found the N6-methyladenosine (m6A) demethylase ALKBH5 mediates KCNQ1OT1 expression via an m6A-YTHDF2-dependent manner and KCNQ1OT1 could directly bind to HOXA9 to further regulate the proliferation, invasion and metastasis of LSCC cells. In general, our research indicates that ALKBH5-mediated m6A modification of KCNQ1OT1 triggers the development of LSCC via upregulation of HOXA9.

2.
Polymers (Basel) ; 13(20)2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34685247

RESUMO

This study reports on a series of crosslinked poly(arylene ether)s with POSS in the main chain. The fluorinated and terminated poly(arylene ether)s were first synthesized by the nucleophilic reaction of diphenol POSS and decafluorodiphenyl monomers, including decafluorobiphenyl, decaflurobenzophenone, and decafluorodiphenyl sulfone. They were then reacted with 3-hydroxyphenyl acetylene to produce phenylacetylene-terminated poly(arylene ether)s. The polymers were of excellent processability. When heated to a high temperature, the polymers converted into a crosslinked network, exhibiting a low range of dielectric constant from 2.17 to 2.58 at 1 HMz, strong resistance against chemical solutions, low dielectric losses, and good thermal and hydrophobic properties.

3.
J Environ Sci Health B ; : 1-9, 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34554053

RESUMO

The present study sought to evaluate the interaction between aflatoxin G1 and free DNA in vitro through different analytical techniques. The UV-visible spectra results showed that the structure of DNA might be changed with a new aflatoxin G1-DNA complex forming, which indicated that the interacting mode between them was the intercalating mode. The DNA melting temperature increased by 12.80 °C, suggesting that the DNA double helix structure was more compact and stable through intercalation. The circular dichroism (CD) spectra results indicated that the interaction of aflatoxin G1 with DNA induced the DNA base stacking changes. The results of agarose gel electrophoresis and fluorescence microscope further verified that the interacting mode between aflatoxin G1 and DNA was intercalation mode. According to the fluorescence spectrum data, the binding constant was calculated 6.24 × 104 L·mol-1. The thermodynamic results demonstrated that the reaction of aflatoxin G1 intercalating to DNA was a spontaneous reaction. The elimination results suggested that aflatoxin G1 could be enriched and removed by DNA intercalation through magnetic beads separation, with the removal efficiency of 93.73%. The study results would provide a theoretical basis for establishing a new aflatoxin removal method based on DNA intercalation.

4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(18)2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34576166

RESUMO

Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (S. Typhi) is a human-limited intracellular pathogen and the cause of typhoid fever, a severe systemic disease. Pathogen-host interaction at the metabolic level affects the pathogenicity of intracellular pathogens, but it remains unclear how S. Typhi infection influences host metabolism for its own benefit. Herein, using metabolomics and transcriptomics analyses, combined with in vitro and in vivo infection assays, we investigated metabolic responses in human macrophages during S. Typhi infection, and the impact of these responses on S. Typhi intracellular replication and systemic pathogenicity. We observed increased glucose content, higher rates of glucose uptake and glycolysis, and decreased oxidative phosphorylation in S. Typhi-infected human primary macrophages. Replication in human macrophages and the bacterial burden in systemic organs of humanized mice were reduced by either the inhibition of host glucose uptake or a mutation of the bacterial glucose uptake system, indicating that S. Typhi utilizes host-derived glucose to enhance intracellular replication and virulence. Thus, S. Typhi promotes its pathogenicity by inducing metabolic changes in host macrophages and utilizing the glucose that subsequently accumulates as a nutrient for intracellular replication. Our findings provide the first metabolic signature of S. Typhi-infected host cells and identifies a new strategy utilized by S. Typhi for intracellular replication.


Assuntos
Glucose/metabolismo , Salmonella typhi/patogenicidade , Febre Tifoide/metabolismo , Febre Tifoide/microbiologia , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Humanos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Macrófagos/microbiologia , Virulência
5.
Virulence ; 12(1): 1661-1671, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34152261

RESUMO

Shigella is an intracellular pathogen that primarily infects the human colon and causes shigellosis. Shigella virulence relies largely on the type III secretion system (T3SS) and secreted effectors. VirF, the master Shigella virulence regulator, is essential for the expression of T3SS-related genes. In this study, we found that YhjC, a LysR-type transcriptional regulator, is required for Shigella virulence through activating the transcription of virF. Pathogenicity of the yhjC mutant, including colonization in the colons of guinea pigs as well as its ability for host cell adhesion and invasion, was significantly lowered. Expression levels of virF and nearly all VirF-dependent genes were downregulated by yhjC deletion, indicating that YhjC can activate virF transcription. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay analysis demonstrated that YhjC could bind directly to the virF promoter region. Therefore, YhjC is a novel virulence regulator that positively regulates the virF expression and promotes Shigella virulence. Additionally, genome-wide expression analysis identified the presence of other genes in the large virulence plasmid and a genome exhibiting differential expression in response to yhjC deletion, with 169 downregulated and 99 upregulated genes, indicating that YhjC also functioned as a global regulatory factor.

6.
ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec ; 83(6): 464-470, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33831864

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) is diverse in its natural history and responsiveness to treatments. There is an urgent need to generate candidate biomarkers for the stratification and individualization of treatment to avoid overtreatment or inadequate treatment. Long noncoding RNA nuclear paraspeckle assembly transcript 1 (NEAT1) has been identified as an oncogenic gene in multiple human tumors entitles, and dysregulation of NEAT1 was tightly linked to carcinogenesis and cancer progression. METHODS: One hundred two paraffin samples of LSCC patients were collected. Furthermore, in situ hybridization (ISH), Kaplan-Meier, and MTT were used to analyze the relationship between NEAT1 and the progress of LSCC. RESULTS: In this study, ISH revealed that NEAT1 was strongly expressed in the nucleus. The increased expression of NEAT1 was correlated with T grade, neck nodal metastasis, clinical stage, drinking history, or smoking history of LSCC. The Kaplan-Meier analysis indicated that patients with higher NEAT1 expression had a worse overall survival in LSCC patients. In addition, NEAT1 knockdown significantly inhibited the growth of LSCC cells. CONCLUSION: Together, these results suggested that NEAT1 involved in the progress of LSCC and might act as a tumor oncogenic gene. This study provides a potential new marker and target for gene therapy in the treatment of LSCC.

7.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 879, 2021 02 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33563986

RESUMO

Salmonella Typhimurium establishes systemic infection by replicating in host macrophages. Here we show that macrophages infected with S. Typhimurium exhibit upregulated glycolysis and decreased serine synthesis, leading to accumulation of glycolytic intermediates. The effects on serine synthesis are mediated by bacterial protein SopE2, a type III secretion system (T3SS) effector encoded in pathogenicity island SPI-1. The changes in host metabolism promote intracellular replication of S. Typhimurium via two mechanisms: decreased glucose levels lead to upregulated bacterial uptake of 2- and 3-phosphoglycerate and phosphoenolpyruvate (carbon sources), while increased pyruvate and lactate levels induce upregulation of another pathogenicity island, SPI-2, known to encode virulence factors. Pharmacological or genetic inhibition of host glycolysis, activation of host serine synthesis, or deletion of either the bacterial transport or signal sensor systems for those host glycolytic intermediates impairs S. Typhimurium replication or virulence.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Fatores de Troca do Nucleotídeo Guanina/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Salmonella typhimurium/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Salmonella typhimurium/patogenicidade , Sistemas de Secreção Tipo III/metabolismo , Animais , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Ilhas Genômicas , Glucose/metabolismo , Ácidos Glicéricos/metabolismo , Glicólise , Fatores de Troca do Nucleotídeo Guanina/genética , Macrófagos/microbiologia , Camundongos , Células RAW 264.7 , Salmonella typhimurium/metabolismo , Serina/biossíntese , Transdução de Sinais , Sistemas de Secreção Tipo III/genética , Virulência
8.
Oecologia ; 195(4): 1007-1018, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33625579

RESUMO

Introduced ecosystem engineers are expected to have extensive ecological impacts on a broad range of resident biota by altering the physical-chemical structure of ecosystems. Livestock that are potentially important introduced ecosystem engineers in grassland systems could create and/or modify habitats for native plant-dwelling insects. Yet, there is little knowledge of how insects respond to engineering effects of introduced livestock. To bridge this gap, we tested how domestic sheep affects the behavior and abundance of a native grasshopper Euchorthippus unicolor at both low (11.8 ± 0.4 plant species per plot) and high (19.8 ± 0.5 plant species per plot) diversity sites. Results found grasshoppers shifted their resting and feeding locations from the upper to the intermediate or low layers of vegetation, and fed on more plants species following livestock engineering effects. In the low plant diversity habitats, grazing caused grasshoppers to increase switching frequency, spend more time searching for host plants, and reduce time spent feeding, but had opposite effects on all the three behaviors in the high-diversity habitats. Moreover, grazing engineering effects on behavioral changes of grasshoppers were potentially related to their abundance. Overall, this study highlights native insect species' behavior and abundance in responses to introduced ecological engineers, and suggests that ecosystem engineers of non-native species have strong and important impacts extending beyond their often most obvious and frequently documented direct ecological effects.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Gafanhotos , Animais , Pradaria , Gado , Plantas
9.
Heart Lung ; 50(2): 344-351, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33524864

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the efficacy of adaptive servo-ventilation (ASV) in suppressing central sleep apnea (CSA), its impact on long-term outcomes is debatable. We aim to identify subjects with specific features who might benefit from ASV therapy. METHODS: Randomized clinical trials and comparative observational studies investigating the effects of ASV on cardiovascular (CV) and all-cause mortality and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) in CSA patients were searched from PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane library and Web of Science. Eligible studies were identified with relative risks (RR) of death and MACEs compared between patients treated by ASV and usual care. RESULTS: A total of eight studies (three randomized controlled trials and five observational studies) including 2208 participants were selected for analysis. All-cause and CV mortality were not significantly reduced by ASV. Patients with nadir nocturnal saturation ≤ 80% (mean value) had lower risk of MACEs by ASV treatment compared with by usual care (RR, 0.18; p < 0.001). Patients with severe heart failure (HF), defined as left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤ 33% (mean value), or HF of New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification of III/IV, did not have reduced risk of MACEs post ASV therapy. However, subjects with LVEF > 33% (RR, 0.35; p < 0.001) or NYHA Ⅰ/Ⅱ (RR, 0.35; p < 0.001) had significantly lower risk of MACEs by using ASV than by usual care. CONCLUSIONS: Although ASV appears to not reduce CV and all-cause death for HF patients with extremely low LVEF, those with profound CSA associated hypoxemia or less severe HF still benefit from ASV therapy.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Apneia do Sono Tipo Central , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos , New York , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Apneia do Sono Tipo Central/etiologia , Apneia do Sono Tipo Central/terapia , Volume Sistólico , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda
10.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 40(1): 80, 2021 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33637103

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Laryngeal cancer has the highest mortality rate among head and neck tumours. RNA N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is the most plentiful and variable in mammalian mRNA. Yet, the m6A regulatory mechanism underlying the carcinogenesis or progression of LSCC remains poorly understood. METHODS: The m6A RNA methylation quantification kit was used to detect tissue methylation levels. m6A microarray analysis, mRNA transcriptomic sequencing (mRNA-seq), and proteomics were used to determine RBM15, TMBIM6, and IGF2BP3. Immunohistochemical (IHC), quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blot were used to investigate RBM15, TMBIM6, and IGF2BP3 expression in tissue samples and cell lines. The biological effects of RBM15 were detected both in vitro and in vivo. The combination relationship between RBM15/IGF2BP3 and TMBIM6 was verified by RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay, Methylated RNA immunoprecipitation sequencing (MeRIP-seq), RNase Mazf, and luciferase report assay. RNase Mazf was used to determine the methylation site on TMBIM6 mRNA. Hoechst staining assay was used to confirm the apoptotic changes. The actinomycin D verified TMBIM6 stability. RESULTS: The global mRNA m6A methylation level significantly increased in LSCC patients. RBM15, as a "writer" of methyltransferase, was significantly increased in LSCC and was associated with unfavorable prognosis. The knockdown of RBM15 reduced the proliferation, invasion, migration, and apoptosis of LSCC both in vitro and in vivo. The results were reversed after overexpressing RBM15. Mechanically, TMBIM6 acted as a downstream target of RBM15-mediated m6A modification. Furthermore, RBM15-mediated m6A modification of TMBIM6 mRNA enhanced TMBIM6 stability through IGF2BP3-dependent. CONCLUSION: Our results revealed the essential roles of RBM15 and IGF2BP3 in m6A methylation modification in LSCC, thus identifying a novel RNA regulatory mechanism.


Assuntos
Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/metabolismo , Neoplasias Laríngeas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Animais , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/genética , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Progressão da Doença , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Neoplasias Laríngeas/genética , Neoplasias Laríngeas/patologia , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Estabilidade Proteica , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia
11.
Virulence ; 12(1): 298-311, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33410728

RESUMO

The intracellular pathogen Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) exploits host macrophage as a crucial survival and replicative niche. To minimize host immune response stimulated by flagellin, the expression of flagellar genes is downregulated during S. Typhimurium growth within host macrophages. However, the underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. In this study, we show that STM14_1285 (named AsiR), a putative RpiR-family transcriptional regulator, which is downregulated within macrophages as previously reported and also confirmed here, positively regulates the expression of flagellar genes by directly binding to the promoter of flhDC. By generating an asiR mutant strain and a strain that persistently expresses asiR gene within macrophages, we confirmed that the downregulation of asiR contributes positively to S. Typhimurium replication in macrophages and systemic infection in mice, which could be attributed to decreased flagellar gene expression and therefore reduced flagellin-stimulated secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1ß and TNF-α. Furthermore, the acidic pH in macrophages is identified as a signal for the downregulation of asiR and therefore flagellar genes. Collectively, our results reveal a novel acidic pH signal-mediated regulatory pathway that is utilized by S. Typhimurium to promote intracellular replication and systemic pathogenesis by repressing flagellar gene expression.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Regulação para Baixo , Flagelina/genética , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Macrófagos/microbiologia , Salmonella typhimurium/genética , Salmonella typhimurium/patogenicidade , Animais , Citocinas/imunologia , Replicação do DNA , Feminino , Flagelina/imunologia , Expressão Gênica , Macrófagos/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Infecções por Salmonella/sangue , Infecções por Salmonella/imunologia , Infecções por Salmonella/microbiologia , Salmonella typhimurium/fisiologia
12.
Mol Med ; 27(1): 1, 2021 01 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33402118

RESUMO

Digestive system cancers are associated with high morbidity and mortality. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy are the main treatment modalities for these cancers. However, the development of therapy resistance leads to high rates of tumor recurrence and metastasis, resulting in dismal prognosis. Long non-coding RNA (LncRNA) H19, one of the most intriguing non-coding RNAs, has been shown to play a key role in the development and therapy resistance of various digestive system cancers (including hepatocellular carcinoma, colorectal cancer, pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, esophageal carcinoma, gastric cancer, and biliary system cancer) by regulating the abnormal expression of genes. In this review, we discuss the potential mechanisms of LncRNA H19 related therapy resistance in the context of digestive system cancers. LncRNA H19 is a potential novel therapeutic target for amelioration of cancer therapy resistance.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Sistema Digestório/genética , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias do Sistema Digestório/tratamento farmacológico , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Prognóstico
13.
Nurs Ethics ; 28(2): 272-281, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32959721

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Doctors should disclose the diagnosis to patients according to the principle of autonomy. However, not disclosing the diagnosis and prognosis to cancer patients remains common in mainland China. OBJECTIVE: The study explored the experiences and attitudes of patients with cancer, family members, and the medical staff in truth-telling. RESEARCH DESIGN: A quantitative survey with three closed-ended questionnaires was conducted. PARTICIPANTS: In all, 137 patients with cancer, 134 family members caring for cancer cases, and 54 medical staff were surveyed. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize all characteristics, and the chi-square test was performed to analyze group differences in attitudes toward cancer disclosure. ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS: This study was approved by the Committee on Ethics of Biomedicine Research, at the Second Military Medical University (HJEC-2018-YF-001). Informed consent was obtained from all participants prior to study commencement. FINDINGS: A total of 59.8% of patients were informed about their diagnosis within 1 week, and 19.7% inferred theirs. The medical staff preferred to prioritize family members in informing about patient diagnosis while 77.4% of patients preferred to be told the whole truth at the time of initial diagnosis. More patients than family members and medical staff wanted the patients to be informed about the diagnosis (p < 0.001). A significant difference was found between the patients and family members regarding who should tell the patients. DISCUSSION: The willingness of patients in knowing the truth was underestimated by their family members as well as the medical staff. Guessing the truth indirectly may exert negative effects on the patients, and not telling the truth is inappropriate in patients who want to be informed. CONCLUSION: Disclosure of a cancer diagnosis is a complex process involving medical practice, as well as a range of cultural, ethical, and legal factors. The medical staff should first assess each patient's willingness in truth-telling and inform about disease diagnosis with respect. Emotional support and comfort from family members are encouraged. Anyone in the patient's care team, especially nurses, could be integrated in the process of truth-telling.

14.
Sleep Breath ; 25(2): 1173-1179, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32804376

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the severity of hypoxemia and prevalence of pulmonary hypertension (PHTN) in patients with the overlap syndrome (OS) of restrictive ventilatory defect (RVD) and sleep apnea (SA). METHODS: Patients referred for both sleep test and spirometry for suspected SA and ventilatory disorders were recruited prospectively from January 2019 to January 2020. SA was determined by an apnea-hypopnea index ≥ 5/h; average oxygen saturation during sleep (meanSaO2) and percentage of total sleep time with saturation < 90% (T90) were calculated. RVD was diagnosed in the presence of forced expiratory volume in the first second/forced vital capacity (FVC) > 0.7 and FVC < 80% predicted value. PHTN was defined by tricuspid regurgitation peak velocity ≥ 3.4 m/s, documented by noninvasive transthoracic echocardiography. RESULTS: Patients with OS had significantly lower meanSaO2 but higher T90 than subjects with isolated SA and isolated RVD. Patients with OS vs. those with isolated SA had higher odds of PHTN in multivariable analysis with age, sex, and body mass index adjusted for (OR 2.96, 95%CI 1.05-8.91, p = 0.040). Patients with meanSaO2 < 92% vs. meanSaO2 ≥ 92% had significantly higher odds of being diagnosed with PHTN (OR 5.40, 95%CI 2.01-15.7, p < 0.001). Similarly, T90 (≥ 4.5% versus < 4.5%) was also independently associated with the prevalence of PHTN (OR 7.21, 95%CI 2.54-23.67, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Patients with OS of RVD and SA had severe hypoxemia, which is associated with the prevalence of PHTN. Further investigation is needed to discern whether therapeutic strategies toward OS might mitigate PHTN in this cohort. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Trial Registration No. ChiCTR1900027294 on 1 October 2019.

15.
J Adv Nurs ; 77(5): 2119-2143, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33314310

RESUMO

AIMS: To describe and synthesize diverse empirical evidence regarding physical activity (PA) in the context of advanced breast cancer (ABC). DESIGN: Integrative review guided by the work of Whittemore and Knafl (2005). DATA SOURCES: Six electronic databases were systematically searched to identify relevant literature published between January 2007-June 2019. REVIEW METHODS: Abstracts of papers that met the inclusion criteria were reviewed by two researchers and full texts of eligible papers were assessed. Data were extracted by two independent researchers and inter-rater reliability of data extraction established. Quality of papers was evaluated using the Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool. Data were organized according to comprehensive thematic analysis and the biobehavioural model for the study of exercise interventions. RESULTS: Of the 532 abstracts, 18 studies met the inclusion criteria which included six randomized controlled trials, one quantitative non-randomized study, seven quantitative descriptive studies, three mixed method studies and one qualitative study. Results from studies enrolled fell into four domains: PA performance and its influence on survival; barriers and preferences for PA; interventions to enhance PA; perceived benefits of PA from qualitative feedback. CONCLUSION: Evidence suggests that ABC patients are physically inactive. Main barriers of PA are less aerobic fitness and heavy symptom burden. Simple, tailored and specialist-supervised PA is preferred by ABC patients. Form of joint self-instructed and group accompanying is advocated as well. PA intervention programmes identified in this review vary on type, intensity, duration and frequency, while generally, are found to be feasible, safe and beneficial to patients' physical and psychosocial well-being. IMPACT: The results propose tailored, supervised, group-based PA programmes are in urgent need for ABC patients. Clinical professionals should manage more feasible and safer PA interventions to help improve patients' overall health. More research with rigorous methodology design is warranted to explore PA's effect on long-term health outcomes.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
16.
J Cancer ; 11(24): 7116-7126, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33193874

RESUMO

Background: Angiogenesis is important for tumor proliferation and distant metastasis. However, the role of drug-resistant tumor cells in angiogenesis remains largely unknown. Current anti-angiogenic strategies also have limitations and it would be useful to develop novel targets and treatment strategies. Methods: Differential ultracentrifugation was used to isolate conditioned medium-derived exosomes from 5-flurouracil (5-FU)-sensitive or -resistant colon cancer cells. Exosome endocytosis into human umbilical vein endothelial cells was observed via immunofluorescence. Differentially expressed proteins in the exosomes were confirmed via qRT-PCR and Western blotting. The angiogenic capacity of endothelial cells was evaluated using cell function assays and a rat model of abdominal aortic neovascularization. The underlying mechanisms were verified using qRT-PCR and Western blotting assays. Immunohistochemistry was used to evaluate in vivo angiogenesis. Results: We observed that the conditioned medium and exosomes from 5-FU-resistant colon cancer cells could promote angiogenesis. Exosomal growth/differentiation factor 15 (GDF15) was a potent inducer of this angiogenesis in vitro by inhibiting the Smad signaling pathway, thus increasing periostin (POSTN) levels. Moreover, 5-FU-resistant colon cancer cells showed high microvascular density in vivo. TGF-ß1, an activator of the Smad signaling pathway, could partly eliminate those effects. Conclusions: Our study reveals the molecular regulation of angiogenesis in 5-FU-resistant colon cancer and suggests that the GDF15-POSTN axis may be a novel target for anti-angiogenic therapies in colon cancer.

17.
mSystems ; 5(5)2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32934114

RESUMO

Plesiomonas shigelloides is an emerging pathogen that has been shown to be involved in gastrointestinal diseases and extraintestinal infections in humans. However, the taxonomic position, evolutionary dynamics, and pathogenesis of P. shigelloides remain unclear. We reported the draft genome sequences of 12 P. shigelloides strains representing different serogroups. We were able to determine a clear distinction between P. shigelloides and other members of Enterobacterales via core genome phylogeny, Neighbor-Net network, and average genome identity analysis. The pan-genome analysis of P. shigelloides revealed extensive genetic diversity and presented large flexible gene repertoires, while the core genome phylogeny exhibited a low level of clonality. The discordance between the core genome phylogeny and the pan-genome phylogeny indicated that flexible accessory genomes account for an important proportion of the evolution of P. shigelloides, which was subsequently characterized by determinations of hundreds of horizontally transferred genes (horizontal genes), massive gene expansions and contractions, and diverse mobile genetic elements (MGEs). The apparently high levels of horizontal gene transfer (HGT) in P. shigelloides were conferred from bacteria with novel properties from other taxa (mainly Vibrionaceae and Aeromonadaceae), which caused the historical taxonomic confusion and shaped the virulence gene pools. Furthermore, P. shigelloides genomes contain many macromolecular secretion system genes, virulence factor genes, and resistance genes, indicating its potential to cause intestinal and invasive infections. Collectively, our work provides insights into the phylogenetic position, evolutionary dynamic, and pathogenesis of P. shigelloides at the genomic level, which could facilitate the observation and research of this important pathogen.IMPORTANCE The taxonomic position of P. shigelloides has been the subject of debate for a long time, and until now, the evolutionary dynamics and pathogenesis of P. shigelloides were unclear. In this study, pan-genome analysis indicated extensive genetic diversity and the presence of large and variable gene repertoires. Our results revealed that horizontal gene transfer was the focal driving force for the genetic diversity of the P. shigelloides pan-genome and might have contributed to the emergence of novel properties. Vibrionaceae and Aeromonadaceae were found to be the predominant donor taxa for horizontal genes, which might have caused the taxonomic confusion historically. Comparative genomic analysis revealed the potential of P. shigelloides to cause intestinal and invasive diseases. Our results could advance the understanding of the evolution and pathogenesis of P. shigelloides, particularly in elucidating the role of horizontal gene transfer and investigating virulence-related elements.

18.
Front Oncol ; 10: 1064, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32850310

RESUMO

Accumulating evidence suggests that circular RNAs (circRNAs) may be a key contributor to oncogenesis. Yet, the function of circRNAs in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) is still not clear. In this study, we examined the function of circRNA_103862 in LSCC progression by analyzing the tissue specimens collected from a patient with LSCC by using different LSCC cell models in vitro and an LSCC xenograft model in nude mice. We found that circRNA_103862 was frequently upregulated in the tissues of LSCC and was correlated with metastasis and prognosis of LSCC patients. Furthermore, circRNA_103862 downregulation could reduce proliferation, migration, and invasion ability of LSCC cells. In terms of mechanism exploration, miR-493-5p was sponged by circRNA_103862. Rescue experiments also showed that circRNA_103862 could achieve a carcinogenic effect by regulating miR-493-5p. Moreover, a luciferase reporter analysis showed that Golgi membrane protein 1 (GOLM1) is a downstream effector of miR-493-5p. In conclusion, our data suggested that circRNA_103862 promotes the proliferation of LSCC through targeting the miR-493-5p/GOLM1 axis, and it might serve as a potential prognosis marker and therapy target for LSCC.

19.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 27(32): 40893-40906, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32677017

RESUMO

Green roof (GF) as an important role of urban ecosystem services is more and more focused on carbon sequestration for the mitigation of climate change, which there is still a gap of longer period of investigation on carbon sequestration on GF. This work aims to quantify the carbon sequestration on green roofs from 2012 to 2017 by measuring and calculating parameter on substrate organic carbon and plant organic carbon, when using waste building material substrate (WBMS) as GF substrate for the recycling of waste solid. Green roof group 2 (waste building material substrate (WBMS) as substrate) and green roof group 1 (local natural soil (LNS) as substrate), planting same three native plants (N. auriculata, L. spicata, and L. vicaryi), were both three substrate depth of 20 cm, 25 cm, and 30 cm, respectively. Results show that both innovative WBMS and LNS were a great capability of carbon sequestration and carbon storage on green roofs. Carbon storage of green roof group 1 and green roof group 2 was 65.6 kg C m-2 and 72.6 kg C m-2, respectively. Annual mean carbon sequestration of the WBMS was 1.8 times higher than LNS. The overall average carbon sequestration (12.8 kg C m-2 year-1) in green roof group 2 using WBMS was 1.1 times than corresponding in green roof group 1 (11.4 kg C m-2 year-1 using LNS). WBMS substrate and L. vicaryi could be considered as the most adaptable green roof configuration, which can be a recommendation to promote the carbon sequestration and the function of green roof for the better urban ecosystem services. Future work may focus on the GF carbon model, water interface, long-term monitoring, environmental impact, water quality and quantity, synthesized effect on GF ecosystem, low impact development (LID), management and simulation, and combination on intelligent urban system, based on LCA.


Assuntos
Carbono , Ecossistema , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Materiais de Construção , Reciclagem , Solo
20.
Comput Inform Nurs ; 39(2): 97-104, 2020 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32694483

RESUMO

Internet-based home care has emerged as a way to relieve the burden of hospitals and meet patients' need for home care. This study aims to explore nurses' attitudes toward Internet-based home care. A cross-sectional online survey was conducted in Ningbo City in China. A self-designed Internet-based home care attitudes questionnaire for nurses (23 items) was used. There were 2039 nurses from 13 hospitals who participated in this online survey. Results reveal that, 1369 nurses (67.1%) were willing to provide Internet-based home care. However, there were significant differences in the attitudes of nurses with different ages (H = 11.86, P = .001), years of work experience (H = 24.257, P = .000), positions (H = 8.850, P = .031), and types of phones (H = 13.096, P = .001). More than 80% of nurses were willing to provide hypodermic and intramuscular injection. But there was a significant difference in the attitudes toward hypodermic injection, intramuscular injection, and pressure ulcer care in nurses with different ages (H = 13.039, P = .005; H = 9.178, P = .027; H = 10.997, P = .012) and a significant difference in the attitudes toward pressure ulcer care in nurses with different years of work experience (H = 15.259, P = .002). Results also indicated that most nurses were worried about their own safety and personal rights protection during Internet-based home care.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Serviços de Assistência Domiciliar/estatística & dados numéricos , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Telemedicina , Adulto , Fatores Etários , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...