Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 137
Filtrar
1.
ACS Nano ; 2021 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33819027

RESUMO

Wrinkling two-dimensional (2D) transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) provides a mechanism to adjust the physical and chemical properties as per need. Traditionally, TMDCs wrinkles achieved by transferring exfoliated materials on prestretched polymer suffer from poor control and limited sample area, which significantly hinders desirable applications. Herein, we fabricate large-area monolayer TMDCs wrinkle arrays directly on the m-quartz substrate using strained epitaxy. The uniaxial thermal expansion coefficient mismatch between the substrate and TMDCs materials enables the generation of large uniaxial thermal strain. By quenching the TMDCs after growth, this uniaxial thermal strain can be quickly released as a form of wrinkle arrays along the [0001]quartz direction. Using WS2 as a model system, the size of as-grown wrinkles can be finely modulated within sub-100 nm by changing the quenching temperature. These WS2 wrinkles can be locally folded and form various multilayer structures with odd layer numbers during the transfer process. Besides, the corrugated structures in WS2 wrinkles induce significant changes to optical properties including anisotropic Raman response, enhanced photoluminescence, and second harmonic generation emissions. Furthermore, these wrinkle arrays exhibit enhanced chemical reactivity that can be selectively engineered to ribbon arrays with improved electrocatalytic performance. The developed strategy of strained epitaxy here should enable flexibility in the design of more sophisticated 2D-based structures, offering a simple but effective way toward the modulation of properties with enhanced performances.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33772472

RESUMO

This work aims to assess multidimensional energy poverty and energy efficiency for environmental policy measures using data envelopment analysis (DEA), a DEA-Like mathematical composite indicator applied on a dataset based on multiple sets of variables from South Asian economies. The multidimensional energy poverty index (MEPI) is computed to analyze the combining effects and energy poverty in these countries. Simultaneously, South Asia's metropolitan areas' population rose by 130 million between 2001 and 2011 and is projected to expand by approximately 250 million by 2030. The findings reveal that endogenous increasing population shocks account for about 72% of energy use. In contrast, the long-term effects of remittance revenue, economic growth, and urbanization on energy use are approximately 20%, 8.25%, and 0.03%, respectively. This work advocates more coordinated and innovative policies to eliminate energy poverty. It can act as a base for policymakers and government officials to make efficient policies and enforce them properly in the regional power sector. Policies should be designed around a smarter use of biomass for cooking, alternate sources for domestic energy production, increased programs for biomass-based cookstoves, and periodic regional-level energy database development.

3.
Chemosphere ; 275: 129888, 2021 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33662725

RESUMO

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been widely studied because of their potential applications. The increasing applications of CNTs and less known of their environmental fates rise concerns about their safety. In this study, the biotransformation of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) by Labrys sp. WJW was investigated. Within 16 days, qPCR analysis showed that cell numbers increased 4.92 ± 0.36 folds using 100 mg/L MWCNTs as the sole carbon source. The biotransformation of MWCNTs, which led to morphology and functional group change, was evidenced by transmission electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analyses. Raman spectra illustrated that more defects and disordered carbon appeared on MWCNTs during incubation. The underlying biotransformation mechanism of MWCNTs through an extracellular bacterial Fenton-like reaction was demonstrated. In this bacteria-mediated reaction, the OH production was induced by reduction of H2O2 involved a continuous cycle of Fe(II)/Fe(III). Bacterial biotransformation of MWCNTs will provide new insights into the understanding of CNTs bioremediation processes.

4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(8): e24551, 2021 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33663061

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This meta-analysis aims to assess the effectiveness and safety of warm acupuncture therapy for treating Primary sciatica. METHODS: The following 9 databases will be search from their inception to December 6, 2020: MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), the Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM), the Chinese Medical Current Content (CMCC), the Wan-Fang Database and the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI). Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of warm acupuncture for treating Primary sciatica, Chinese or Japanese without restriction of publication status will be included. Two researchers will independently undertake study selection, extraction of data and assessment of study quality. Meta-analysis will be conducted after screening of studies. Data will be analyzed using risk ratio for dichotomous data, and standardized mean difference or weighted mean difference for continuous data. DISSEMINATION: This meta-analysis will be disseminated electronically through a peer-reviewed publication or conference presentations. CONCLUSION: This study will provide evidence to judge whether warm acupuncture. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY2020120109.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Ciática/terapia , Terapia por Acupuntura/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Satisfação do Paciente , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa
5.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 215: 112170, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33773154

RESUMO

Nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI) shows an excellent degradation effect on chlorinated contaminants in soil, but poses a threat to plants in combination with phytoremediation. Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungus can reduce the phyototoxicity of nZVI, but their combined impacts on polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) degradation and plant growth remain unclear. Here, a greenhouse pot experiment was conducted to investigate the influences of nZVI and/or Funneliformis caledonium on soil PCB degradation and ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) antioxidative responses. The amendment of nZVI significantly reduced not only the total and homolog concentrations of PCBs in the soil, but also the ryegrass biomass as well as soil available P and root P concentrations. Moreover, nZVI significantly decreased leaf superoxide disutase (SOD) activity, while tended to decrease the protein content. In contrast, the additional inoculation of F. caledonium significantly increased leaf SOD activity and protein content, while tended to increase the catalase activity and tended to decrease the malondialdehyde content. The additional inoculation of F. caledonium also significantly increased soil alkaline phosphatase activity, and tended to increase root P concentration, but had no significantly effects on soil available P concentration, the biomass and P acquisition of ryegrass, which could be attributed to the fixation of soil available nutrients by nZVI. Additionally, F. caledonium facilitated PCB degradation in the nZVI-applied soil. Thus, AM fungus can alleviate the nZVI-induced phytotoxicity, showing great application potentials in accompany with nZVI for soil remediation.

6.
J Diabetes Res ; 2021: 3170190, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33553435

RESUMO

Methods: In this multicenter retrospective study, patients with COVID-19 in China were included and classified into two groups according to whether they were complicated with diabetes or not. Demographic symptoms and laboratory data were extracted from medical records. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression methods were used to explore the risk factors. Results: 538 COVID-19 patients were finally included in this study, of whom 492 were nondiabetes and 46 were diabetes. The median age was 47 years (IQR 35.0-56.0). And the elderly patients with diabetes were more likely to have dry cough, and the alanine aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase, Ca, and mean hemoglobin recovery rate were higher than the other groups. Furthermore, we also found the liver and kidney function of male patients was worse than that of female patients, while female cases should be paid more attention to the occurrence of bleeding and electrolyte disorders. Moreover, advance age, blood glucose, gender, prothrombin time, and total cholesterol could be considered as risk factors for COVID-19 patients with diabetes through the multivariable logistic regression model in our study. Conclusion: The potential risk factors found in our study showed a major piece of the complex puzzle linking diabetes and COVID-19 infection. Meanwhile, focusing on gender and age factors in COVID-19 patients with or without diabetes, specific clinical characteristics, and risk factors should be paid more attention by clinicians to figure out a targeted intervention to improve clinical efficacy worldwide.


Assuntos
/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Hospitalização , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais
7.
Waste Manag ; 123: 60-68, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33561771

RESUMO

Non-metallic components (NMC) in waste printed circuit boards (WPCBs) are made of the thermosetting epoxy resin and glass fiber, which has been a research concern in the waste recycling area. The recycling of thermosetting epoxy resin is a serious challenge due to their permanent cross-linked structure. An efficient approach to chemical recycling of epoxy resin for resource reutilization was developed in this research. ZnCl2/CH3COOH aqueous solution was selected as catalysts system to decompose epoxy resin under a mild reaction condition. The influence of reaction parameters such as reaction temperature, time, liquid-solid ratio and ZnCl2 amount on the decomposition efficiency of epoxy resin and reaction mechanism were investigated. The physical and chemical properties of NMC, reaction solvent and decomposed products were analyzed using scanning electron microscope(SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Results showed that up to 81.85% of epoxy resin could be dissolved by using a temperature of 190 °C during 8 h with a mixture of acetic acid (15 wt%): ZnCl2 (5 g) 20 mL/g. Incompletely coordinated zinc ions enables the cleavage of CN, CBr and CO bonds in the thermosetting brominated epoxy resin, which was mainly converted to phenol, 2-Bromophenol and 2, 4-Dibromophenol with high resource value. And the functional groups of ethyl acetate and acetic acid maintained chemical structure before and after reaction. This research provided a practical approach to the dissolution and reutilization of NMC in WPCBs.


Assuntos
Cloretos , Resíduo Eletrônico , Pós , Reciclagem , Solubilidade , Solventes , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
8.
Waste Manag ; 124: 8-16, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33592321

RESUMO

An efficient, microwave-assisted chemical recovery approach for epoxy resin and glass fiber from non-metallic components (NMC) in waste printed circuit boards (WPCBs) for resource reutilization was developed in this research. HNO3 was selected as the chemical reagent because epoxy resin has low corrosion resistance to HNO3. The influence of reaction parameters such as reaction time, temperature, concentration of HNO3, liquid-solid ratio, and power of the microwave synthesizer on the separation efficiency of NMC (epoxy resin and glass fiber) and the reaction mechanism were investigated. The physical and chemical properties of NMC, reaction solvent, and decomposed products were analyzed using energy dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (SEM-EDX) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). The results showed that up to 88.42% of epoxy resin and glass fiber ((5 g) 10 mL/g) could be separated under the action of 300 W microwave power at 95 ℃ for 12 h and a HNO3 concentration of 7 mol/L. During the reaction, C-N bonds formed by the crosslinking agent and the three-dimensional network structure of the thermosetting epoxy resin were destroyed. The carbon chain structure and chemical properties of epoxy resin did not change significantly and the functional groups of ethyl acetate maintained the chemical structure before and after the reaction. This uncomplicated and efficient inorganic acid chemical microwave-assisted process holds promise for use as a feasible recovery technology for epoxy resin and glass fibers in NMC. The proposed process is particularly appealing because of its high selectivity, considerable economic advantages, and environmental benefits.


Assuntos
Resíduo Eletrônico , Resinas Epóxi , Vidro , Micro-Ondas , Reciclagem , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
9.
Phytomedicine ; 81: 153433, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33373925

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Previous studies mainly reported the clinical characteristics of novel coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) infections, but the research on clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of COVID-19 patients with stroke is still rare. METHODS: A multi-center retrospective study was conducted at 11 hospitals in 4 provinces of China, and COVID-19 patients with stroke were enrolled from February 24 to May 4, 2020. We analyzed epidemiological, demographic, and clinical characteristics of cases as well as the laboratory test results, treatment regimens and outcomes, and the clinical characteristics and therapeutic outcomes were compared between severe and nonsevere patients, and by age group, respectively. RESULTS: A total of 27 patients [mean age: 66.41 (SD 12.1) years] were enrolled. Among them, 9 (33.3%) were severe patients and 18 (66.7%) were nonsevere patients; 17 (63.0%) were female; 19 (70.4%) were aged 60 years and above. The most common symptoms were fever [19 (70.4%)], fatigue [12 (44.4%)] and cough [11 (40.7%)], respectively. Abnormal laboratory findings of COVID-19 patients with stroke included high levels of C-reactive protein [19 (73.1%)], D-dimer [14 (58.3%)], blood glucose [14 (53.8%)], fibrinogen [13 (50.0%)], and decreased lymphocytes [12 (44.4%)]. Comparing to nonsevere cases with stroke, severe patients with stroke were likely to be older, susceptible to receiving oxygen inhalation, and had more complications (p < 0.05). In addition, there were significant differences in lymphocytes, neutrophils, lactate dehydrogenase, C-reactive protein, creatine kinase between the severe cases and nonsevere cases (p < 0.05). The older patients had a decreased platelet count and elevated fibrinogen, compared with the younger (p < 0.05). All patients (100%) received antiviral treatment, 12 (44.4%) received antibiotics treatment, 26 (96.3%) received Traditional Chinese Medicine (Lung cleansing & detoxifying decoction), and oxygen inhalation was in 18 (66.7%). The median duration of hospitalization was 16 days. By May 4, 2020, a total of 26 (96.3%) patients were cured and discharged, and 1 (3.7%) patients died. CONCLUSION: COVID-19 patients with stroke had poor indicators of coagulation system, and severe and older patients might have a higher risk of complications and unfavorable coagulation system. However, the overall treatment outcome is favorable.


Assuntos
/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/complicações , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/terapia , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oxigenoterapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Environ Pollut ; : 115300, 2020 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33279268

RESUMO

Buckminster fullerene (C60), the most representative type among fullerenes, has attracted widely attentions because of its many potential applications. The increasing application of fullerene and limited knowledge of its environmental fate are required concerns. Herein, the biotransformation of C60 by Labrys sp. WJW was investigated. Cell numbers reached 25.76 ± 1.85 folds within 8 days using 100 mg/L C60 as sole carbon source. The biotransformation of C60 by Labrys sp. WJW was analyzed by various characterization methods. Raman spectra indicated that strain WJW broke the soccer ball like structure of C60. After 12 days, over 60% of C60 was degraded evidenced by UV-vis spectrophotometry and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. The underlying biotransformation mechanism of C60 through an extracellular Fenton-like reaction was illustrated. In this reaction, the •OH production was mediated by reduction of H2O2 involving a continuous cycle of Fe(II)/Fe(III). Bacterial transformation of C60 will provide new insights into the understanding of C60 bioremediation process.

11.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0244125, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33332437

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A worldwide outbreak of coronavirus disease (COVID-19), since 2019, has brought a disaster to people all over the world. Many researchers carried out clinical epidemiological studies on patients with COVID-19 previously, but risk factors for patients with different levels of severity are still unclear. METHODS: 562 patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 from 12 hospitals in China were included in this retrospective study. Related clinical information, therapies, and imaging data were extracted from electronic medical records and compared between patients with severe and non-severe status. We explored the risk factors associated with different severity of COVID-19 patients by logistic regression methods. RESULTS: Based on the guideline we cited, 509 patients were classified as non-severe and 53 were severe. The age range of whom was 5-87 years, with a median age of 47 (IQR 35.0-57.0). And the elderly patients (older than 60 years old) in non-severe group were more likely to suffer from fever and asthma, accompanied by higher level of D-dimer, red blood cell distribution width and low-density lipoprotein. Furthermore, we found that the liver and kidney function of male patients was worse than that of female patients in both severe and non-severe groups with different age levels, while the severe females had faster ESR and lower inflammatory markers. Of major laboratory markers in non-severe cases, baseline albumin and the lymphocyte percentage were higher, while the white blood cell and the neutrophil count were lower. In addition, severe patients were more likely to be accompanied by an increase in cystatin C, mean hemoglobin level and a decrease in oxygen saturation. Besides that, advanced age and indicators such as count of white blood cell, glucose were proved to be the most common risk factors preventing COVID-19 patients from aggravating. CONCLUSION: The potential risk factors found in our study have shown great significance to prevent COVID-19 patients from aggravating and turning to critical cases during treatment. Meanwhile, focusing on gender and age factors in groups with different severity of COVID-19, and paying more attention to specific clinical symptoms and characteristics, could improve efficacy of personalized intervention to treat COVID-19 effectively.


Assuntos
/metabolismo , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , /epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Feminino , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/metabolismo , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais
13.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 208: 111434, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045436

RESUMO

A high concentration of potentially toxic elements (PTEs) can be frequently observed in the plastic processing sludge (PPS), thereby restricting its environmental applications. The main objective of this study was to investigate the effects of the co-pyrolysis of PPS and KH2PO4 (0, 5, 10 and 20 wt%) on the characteristics and environmental risks associated with the PTEs in PPS and derived chars. General characteristic analysis revealed that the char yield, ash content, pH, and particle size of the chars prepared with KH2PO4 were greater than those of the char prepared without KH2PO4 by 3.13-4.89 wt%, 2.95-4.4 wt%, 0.77-0.93, and 9.64-30.07 µm, respectively. The results of sequential extraction indicated that co-pyrolysis with KH2PO4 could considerably increase the distribution of PTEs in the F4 fraction (non-bioavailable) in PPS by 1.30-65.90% when compared with that obtained via co-pyrolysis with 5 wt% of KH2PO4. The toxic leaching tests indicated that the leaching concentrations of Cr, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd, and Pb in the char prepared without KH2PO4 decreased to different extents when PPS was subjected to co-pyrolysis with KH2PO4, especially in case of co-pyrolysis with 5 wt% of KH2PO4. The range of decrease was 26.40-88.34%. However, in case of Cu, Zn, and Pb, the leaching concentration of the chars prepared with more than 10 wt% of KH2PO4 increased owing to the decomposition of (Cu Zn)PbVO4(OH) in an acidic environment. The results obtained using Hakanson's equations revealed that the potential ecological risk associated with the PTEs in chars obtained by co-pyrolysis with KH2PO4 decreased, with a minimum decrease of 38.17%. In addition, the risk level associated with PPS reduced from considerable to low after co-pyrolysis with KH2PO4. The observations of this study imply that the co-pyrolysis of PPS with KH2PO4 can be a promising treatment for PTE immobilization.

14.
3 Biotech ; 10(11): 471, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33088667

RESUMO

In this study, the aerobic activated sludge for skatole removal was enriched from pig slurry in three parallel sequencing batch reactors. The sludge system exhibited a satisfactory performance for skatole removal during the 40 days operation. High-throughput sequencing results showed that the α-diversity remained unchanged before and after the operation process. However, the structures of bacterial and fungal communities notably shifted. Particularly, Arthrobacter increased to be the major bacterial genus from 2.15 ± 0.76% (day 0) to 23.80 ± 24.36% (day 40), and Fusicolla became the major fungal genus from 1.20 ± 0.48% (day 0) to 37.17 ± 7.47% (day 40). These results indicated that Arthrobacter and Fusicolla might participate in skatole removal in sludge systems, though both genera were not reported to be able to degrade skatole. This is the first study describing skatole-degrading bacterial and fungal communities in the enrichment from pig slurry to the best of our knowledge, providing important guidance for skatole control and bioremediation.

15.
Sci Total Environ ; 746: 141020, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32750576

RESUMO

Carbon nanomaterials (CNs), which gain heightened attention as novel materials, are increasingly incorporated into daily products and thus are released into the environment. Limited research on CNs environmental fates lags their industry growth, only few bacteria have been confirmed to biotransform CNs and the mechanism behind has not been revealed yet. In this study, four types of commercial CNs, i.e. graphene oxide (GO), reduced graphene oxide (RGO), single walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs), and oxidized (carboxylated) SWCNTs, were selected for investigation. The biotransformation of CNs by Labrys sp. WJW, which could grow with these CNs as the sole carbon source, was investigated. The bacterial transformation was proved by qPCR, transmission electron microscopy, Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, liquid chromatography/time-of-flight/mass spectrometry, and gas chromatograph-mass spectrometry analyses. The biotransformation resulted in morphology change, defect increase and functional group change of these CNs. Furthermore, the underlying mechanism of CNs biodegradation mediated by extracellular Fenton-like reaction was demonstrated. In this reaction, the OH production was mediated by reduction of H2O2 involved a continuous cycle of Fe(II)/Fe(III). These findings reveal a novel degradation mechanism of microorganism towards high molecular weight substrate, which will provide a new insight into the environmental fate of CNs and the guidance for their safer use.


Assuntos
Nanoestruturas , Nanotubos de Carbono , Biotransformação , Compostos Férricos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio
16.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 21(1): 559, 2020 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32811503

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recently, an increasing number of studies have focused on the extra-gastrointestinal effects of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), including metabolic syndrome, fatty liver, and rheumatic and skin diseases. Osteoporosis is an asymptomatic disease that can eventually lead to fractures and has a significant impact on the quality of life of elderly individuals. Sex is an influential factor that plays a crucial role in the development of osteoporosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between H. pylori infection and osteoporosis and to identify potential influencing factors. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of individuals older than 50 years old, who had undergone regular physical examinations at the Beijing Shijitan Hospital Health Examination Center from July to October 2018. We evaluated the associations of osteopenia and osteoporosis with H. pylori infection and related serum markers by using multiple linear regression and logistic regression. Then, we analysed the correlation between sex and potential serum biomarkers. RESULTS: There were significant relationships between H. pylori infection status and bone density in premenopausal females but not in males (P = 0.381) according to Fisher's exact test. In females, H. pylori positivity (OR = 0.132, P = 0.023), Body Mass Index (BMI) (OR = 28.163, P = 0.021), and homocysteine (HCY) (OR = 17.218, P = 0.045) were associated with osteoporosis. Calcium had a trend but no statistically significant (OR = 0.060, P = 0.076) relationship with osteoporosis. Furthermore, the waist-to-hip ratio (OR = 5.783, P = 0.029), BMI (OR = 0.152, P = 0.014) and triglyceride levels (OR = 0.201, P = 0.036) were significantly different by sex, after adjusting for age as a confounder. CONCLUSION: H. pylori positivity, BMI and HCY are associated with osteoporosis in premenopausal females. Chronic inflammation may be involved in the relationship between H. pylori and osteoporosis.

17.
Depress Anxiety ; 2020 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32720464

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggested that childhood trauma is an important etiologic factor for the development of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Moreover, insecure attachment and maladaptive emotion regulation (ER) might be related to childhood trauma and BPD. This study was aimed to explore the relationships among childhood trauma, insecure attachment, maladaptive ER, and BPD features. METHODS: A cohort of 637 patients with psychological disorders completed a series of psychometric instruments such as the Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire-4+ (PDQ-4+), the 23-Item Borderline Symptom List, the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, the Attachment Style Questionnaire, and the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire. The path analyses were conducted to investigate the experience-driven model that whether insecure attachment and maladaptive ER could mediate the relationship between childhood trauma and BPD features. The random forest regression was performed to select variables that contribute significantly to BPD features, which variables would be incorporated into the data-driven model to further confirm the experience-driven model. RESULTS: Both the experience-driven model and the data-driven model verified that there were three significant mediation pathways (childhood trauma → insecure attachment/maladaptive ER → BPD features, childhood trauma → insecure attachment → maladaptive ER → BPD features; all p < .05), and the most weighted mediation pathway by which childhood trauma influencing the BPD features was through insecure attachment and then through maladaptive ER (weighted 53.16%). CONCLUSION: The influence of childhood trauma on BPD features was mainly mediated by the combination of insecure attachment and maladaptive emotion regulation.

18.
Light Sci Appl ; 9: 114, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32637081

RESUMO

Mid-infrared (MIR) light-emitting devices play a key role in optical communications, thermal imaging, and material analysis applications. Two-dimensional (2D) materials offer a promising direction for next-generation MIR devices owing to their exotic optical properties, as well as the ultimate thickness limit. More importantly, van der Waals heterostructures-combining the best of various 2D materials at an artificial atomic level-provide many new possibilities for constructing MIR light-emitting devices of large tuneability and high integration. Here, we introduce a simple but novel van der Waals heterostructure for MIR light-emission applications built from thin-film BP and transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs), in which BP acts as an MIR light-emission layer. For BP-WSe2 heterostructures, an enhancement of ~200% in the photoluminescence intensities in the MIR region is observed, demonstrating highly efficient energy transfer in this heterostructure with type-I band alignment. For BP-MoS2 heterostructures, a room temperature MIR light-emitting diode (LED) is enabled through the formation of a vertical PN heterojunction at the interface. Our work reveals that the BP-TMDC heterostructure with efficient light emission in the MIR range, either optically or electrically activated, provides a promising platform for infrared light property studies and applications.

19.
ACS Nano ; 14(6): 7593-7601, 2020 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32491834

RESUMO

Though chemical vapor deposition (CVD) methods have been widely used in the growth of two-dimensional transition-metal dichalcogenides (2D TMDCs), the controllable fabrication of 2D TMDCs is yet hard to achieve because of the great challenge of concisely controlling the release of precursors vapor, one of the most critical growth kinetic factors. To solve this important issue, here we report the utilization of oxide inhibitors covering Mo source during CVD reactions to manipulate the release of Mo vapor. In contrast to the lack of capability of conventional CVD methods, 2D molybdenum dichalcogenide (MoX2, X = S, Se, Te) monolayers were successfully fabricated through the proposed CVD protocol with the oxide-inhibitor-assisted growth (OIAG) strategy. In this way, despite the fact that only separated MoTe2 flakes were prepared, both MoS2 (continuous and clean) and MoSe2 (continuous but dotted) monolayer films at the scale of centimeter were obtained. The presented OIAG method enables a comprehensive understanding and precise control of the reaction kinetics for improved growth of 2D MoX2.

20.
Gene ; 756: 144911, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32574756

RESUMO

Enolase, a multifunctional glycolytic enzyme, is known to act as a plasminogen receptor in many species, involved in the pivotal processes such as motility, adhesion, invasion, growth, and differentiation of the parasites. Knowledge on the function of enolase from Dermanyssus gallinae is very limited. Here we report on the molecular cloning, enzymatic activity, tissue distribution and plasminogen binding activity of enolase from D. gallinae (DgENO). The full-length of cDNA was 1305 bp, specifying a peptide of 434 amino acids. Bioinformatics analysis showed that DgENO was highly conserved compared with a range of organisms, indicating the potentially similar functions in D. gallinae. A recombinant DgENO (rDgENO) protein was produced and characterized, it catalyzed the dehydration of 2-phospho-D-glycerate to phosphoenolpyruvate, the optimal pH was 7.5. Polyclonal antibodies were generated in mice and western blotting indicated that antiserum specifically recognized the native enolase in the somatic extracts from D. gallinae. Immunohistochemical staining of mite sections revealed that the distribution of DgENO was ubiquitous with high level in salivary gland, mite digestive tissues and fat bodies in D. gallinae. Expression level of DgENO was observed mostly in engorged adult mites. Moreover, ELISA binding assay showed that rDgENO could bind plasminogen, and lysine analog ε-aminocaproic acid significantly inhibited this binding activity, indicating that D. gallinae enolase is a receptor of plasminogen. The present study provided foundation for understanding of the biological functions of DgENO and its application in development of vaccines against D. gallinae.


Assuntos
Antígenos/imunologia , Ácaros/imunologia , Fosfopiruvato Hidratase/química , Vacinas/imunologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Anticorpos/imunologia , Anticorpos/isolamento & purificação , Antígenos/química , Antígenos/genética , Clonagem Molecular , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Ácaros/enzimologia , Ácaros/genética , Ácaros/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fosfopiruvato Hidratase/análise , Fosfopiruvato Hidratase/genética , Plasminogênio/metabolismo , Alinhamento de Sequência
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...