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1.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 138: 112527, 2024 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38950457

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sepsis-associated acute kidney injury (SA-AKI) represents a frequent complication of in critically ill patients. The objective of this study is to illuminate the potential protective activity of Micheliolide (MCL) and its behind mechanism against SA-AKI. METHODS: The protective potential of MCL on SA-AKI was investigated in lipopolysaccharide (LPS) treated HK2 cells and SA-AKI mice model. The mitochondrial damage was determined by detection of reactive oxygen species and membrane potential. The Nrf2 silencing was achieved by transfection of Nrf2-shRNA in HK2 cells, and Nrf2 inhibitor, ML385 was employed in SA-AKI mice. The mechanism of MCL against SA-AKI was evaluated through detecting hallmarks related to inflammation, mitophagy and Nrf2 pathway via western blotting, immunohistochemistry, and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: MCL enhanced viability, suppressed apoptosis, decreased inflammatory cytokine levels and improved mitochondrial damage in LPS-treated HK2 cells, and ameliorated renal injury in SA-AKI mice. Moreover, MCL could reduce the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome via enhancing mitophagy. Additionally, Nrf2 deficiency reduced the suppression effect of MCL on NLRP3 inflammasome activation and blocked the facilitation effect of MCL on mitophagy in LPS-treated HK2 cells, the consistent is true for ML385 treatment in SA-AKI mice. CONCLUSIONS: MCL might target Nrf2 and further reduce the NLRP3 inflammasome activation via enhancing mitophagy, which alleviated SA-AKI.

2.
J Clin Immunol ; 44(6): 131, 2024 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38775840

RESUMO

RHOH, an atypical small GTPase predominantly expressed in hematopoietic cells, plays a vital role in immune function. A deficiency in RHOH has been linked to epidermodysplasia verruciformis, lung disease, Burkitt lymphoma and T cell defects. Here, we report a novel germline homozygous RHOH c.245G > A (p.Cys82Tyr) variant in a 21-year-old male suffering from recurrent, invasive, opportunistic infections affecting the lungs, eyes, and brain. His sister also succumbed to a lung infection during early adulthood. The patient exhibited a persistent decrease in CD4+ T, B, and NK cell counts, and hypoimmunoglobulinemia. The patient's T cell showed impaired activation upon in vitro TCR stimulation. In Jurkat T cells transduced with RHOHC82Y, a similar reduction in activation marker CD69 up-regulation was observed. Furthermore, the C82Y variant showed reduced RHOH protein expression and impaired interaction with the TCR signaling molecule ZAP70. Together, these data suggest that the newly identified autosomal-recessive RHOH variant is associated with T cell dysfunction and recurrent opportunistic infections, functioning as a hypomorph by disrupting ZAP70-mediated TCR signaling.


Assuntos
Homozigoto , Infecções Oportunistas , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem , Células Jurkat , Ativação Linfocitária/genética , Infecções Oportunistas/genética , Infecções Oportunistas/imunologia , Linhagem , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/genética , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Recidiva , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Proteína-Tirosina Quinase ZAP-70/genética , Proteína-Tirosina Quinase ZAP-70/metabolismo
3.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 63(30): e202406318, 2024 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38715104

RESUMO

Achieving the extreme balance of the key performance requirements is the crucial to breakthrough the application bottleneck for nonlinear optical (NLO) materials. Herein, by assembly of the π-conjugated [B3O6] functional species with the aid of structure-directing property of mer-isomer [YO3F3] octahedra, a new ultraviolet (UV) NLO material, Cs2YB3O6F2 with aligned arrangement of coplanar [B3O6] groups has been synthesized. The polar material exhibits the rare coexistence of the largest second harmonic generation response of 5.6×KDP, the largest birefringence of 0.091 at 532 nm, the shortest Type I phase-matching down to 200.5 nm and deep-ultraviolet transparency among reported acentric rare-earth borates with [B3O6] groups. Remarkably, benefiting from the enhanced bonding force among functional units [B3O6], a firm three-dimensional framework is constructed, which facilitates the growth of large crystals. This can be proved by a block shape crystal with dimensional of 6×5×4 mm3, indicating that it was a promising UV NLO crystal. This work provides a powerful strategy to design UV NLO materials with good performances.

4.
BMC Pulm Med ; 24(1): 163, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570751

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Observational studies have shown that smoking is related to the diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide (DLCO) in individuals with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Nevertheless, further investigation is needed to determine the causal effect between these two variables. Therefore, we conducted a study to investigate the causal relationship between smoking and DLCO in IPF patients using two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis. METHODS: Large-scale genome-wide association study (GWAS) datasets from individuals of European descent were analysed. These datasets included published lifetime smoking index (LSI) data for 462,690 participants and DLCO data for 975 IPF patients. The inverse-variance weighting (IVW) method was the main method used in our analysis. Sensitivity analyses were performed by MR‒Egger regression, Cochran's Q test, the leave-one-out test and the MR-PRESSO global test. RESULTS: A genetically predicted increase in LSI was associated with a decrease in DLCO in IPF patients [ORIVW = 0.54; 95% CI 0.32-0.93; P = 0.02]. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggested that smoking is associated with a decrease in DLCO. Patients diagnosed with IPF should adopt an active and healthy lifestyle, especially by quitting smoking, which may be effective at slowing the progression of IPF.


Assuntos
Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática , Humanos , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Fumar/genética , Fumar Tabaco , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/genética , Monóxido de Carbono
5.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2959, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580636

RESUMO

Divalent lanthanide inorganic compounds can exhibit unique electronic configurations and physicochemical properties, yet their synthesis remains a great challenge because of the weak chemical stability. To the best of our knowledge, although several lanthanide monoxides epitaxial thin films have been reported, there is no chemically stable crystalline divalent lanthanide chalcogenide synthesized up to now. Herein, by using octahedra coupling tetrahedra single/double chains to construct an octahedral crystal field, we synthesized the stable crystalline La(II)-chalcogenide, LaMg6Ga6S16. The nature of the divalent La2+ cations can be identified by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, X-ray absorption near-edge structure and electron paramagnetic resonance, while the stability is confirmed by the differential thermal scanning, in-situ variable-temperature powder X-ray diffraction and a series of solid-state reactions. Owing to the particular electronic characteristics of La2+(5d1), LaMg6Ga6S16 displays an ultrabroad-band green emission at 500 nm, which is the inaugural instance of La(II)-based compounds demonstrating luminescent properties. Furthermore, as LaMg6Ga6S16 crystallizes in the non-centrosymmetric space group, P-6, it is the second-harmonic generation (SHG) active, possessing a comparable SHG response with classical AgGaS2. In consideration of its wider band gap (Eg = 3.0 eV) and higher laser-induced damage threshold (5×AgGaS2), LaMg6Ga6S16 is also a promising nonlinear optical material.

6.
Inorg Chem ; 63(11): 4807-4812, 2024 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38446174

RESUMO

Two new congruently melting Pb-containing halogen silicates, Pb3[O10Pb20](SiO4)4X10 (X = Cl, Br), have been synthesized using a high-temperature solution method. Their crystal structures were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, and both compounds crystallize in the orthorhombic space group Cmca. In both structures, the mirror-symmetric bilayer composed of Pb-O polyhedra is observed for the first time in Pb-containing silicates and belongs to α-PbO derivatives and is related to the Aurivillius phase. Thermal behavior analysis, UV-vis diffuse-reflectance spectroscopy, and IR spectroscopy were also performed. The Pb3[O10Pb20](SiO4)4Cl10 matrix was doped with Eu3+ ions as a dopant, and its potential application in fluorescence was confirmed from the resulting orange-red emission.

7.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(8): 10325-10334, 2024 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38358397

RESUMO

In modern society, the investigation of highly efficient photoluminescent bulk materials with excitation-induced tunable multicolor luminescence and multiexciton generation (MEG) is of great significance to information security and the application of optoelectronic devices. In this study, two bulk Cu-based halide crystals of (C4H10NO)4Cu2Br5·Br and (C4H10NO)4Cu2I5·I·H2O, respectively, with one-dimensional structures were grown by a solvent evaporation method. Unexpectedly, (C4H10NO)4Cu2I5·I·H2O displayed excitation-induced tunable dual-color luminescence; one band is a brilliant green-yellow emission centered at 547 nm with a high photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) of up to 169.67%, and the other is a red emission at 695 nm with a PLQY of 75.76%. Just as importantly, (C4H10NO)4Cu2Br5·Br exhibits a strong broadband green-yellow emission at 561 nm under broad band excitation ranging from 252 to 350 nm, a long PL decay lifetime of 106.9 µs, and an ultrahigh PLQY of 198.22%. These materials represent the first two examples of 1D bulk crystals and Cu(I)-based halides that have a PLQY exceeding 100%. Combining the unusual luminescence characteristics with theoretical calculations reveals that MEG contributes to the green-yellow emission with ultrahigh PLQY > 100%, and that the red emission can be ascribed to [Cu2I5]3- cluster-centered emission. Additionally, an information encryption method was designed based on the Morse Code. The high luminescence characteristics of LED devices fabricated using the (C4H10NO)4Cu2Br5·Br and (C4H10NO)4Cu2I5·I·H2O crystals appear to lead to promising applications in solid-state lighting. This work extends the catalog of high-performance luminescent materials and also promotes application prospects of low-dimensional copper-based halides in optoelectronics.

8.
Inorg Chem ; 63(6): 3173-3180, 2024 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38301606

RESUMO

Currently, organic-inorganic hybrid cuprous-based halides are receiving substantial attention for their eco-friendliness, distinctive structures, and outstanding photophysical properties. Nevertheless, most of the reported cuprous-based halides demand deep ultraviolet excitation with a narrow excitation range that can meet the commercial requirement. Herein, zero-dimensional (0D) cuprous-based halide (C4H10N)4Cu4I8 single crystals (SCs) were synthesized, with an ultrabroad band excitation ranging 260-450 nm and a greenish-yellow emission band peaking at 560 nm. Excitingly, (C4H10N)4Cu4I8 also features a large Stokes shift of 300 nm, a high photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) of up to 84.66%, and a long lifetime of 137 µs. Furthermore, density functional theory calculations were performed to explore the relationship between structure and photophysical properties, and the photoluminescence performance of (C4H10N)4Cu4I8 originates from the electron interactions in [Cu2I4]2- clusters. Taking advantage of broad band excitation and excellent photoluminescent performances, a high luminescence characteristic UV-pumped light-emitting diode (LED) device with remarkable color stability was fabricated by employing the as-synthesized (C4H10N)4Cu4I8 SCs, which present the promising applications of low-dimensional cuprous-based halides in solid-state lighting.

9.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 63(15): e202400892, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38302689

RESUMO

Non-centrosymmetric (NCS) and polar materials capable of exhibiting many important functional properties are indispensable for electro-optical technologies, yet their rational structural design remains a significant challenge. Here, we report a "group grafting" strategy for designing the first multi-chromophore selenophosphate, Cs3In(In4Se7)(P2Se6), that crystallizes in a NCS and polar space group of Cm. The structure features a unique basic building unit (BBU) [In(In4Se10)(P2Se6)], formed through "grafting [In4Se10] supertetrahedra on the root of [In(P2Se6)2] groups". Theoretical calculations confirm that this [In(In4Se10)(P2Se6)] BBU can achieve a "1+1>2" combination of properties from two chromophores, [In4Se10] supertetrahedron and ethane-like [P2Se6] dimer. That makes Cs3In(In4Se7)(P2Se6) exhibit excellent linear and nonlinear optical (NLO) properties, including a strong second harmonic generation (SHG) response (~6×AgGaS2), a large band gap (2.45 eV), broad infrared (IR) transmission (up to 19.5 µm), a significant birefringence (0.26 @1064 nm) as well as the congruently-melting property at ~700 °C. Therefore, Cs3In(In4Se7)(P2Se6) will be a promising NLO crystal, especially in the IR region, and this research also demonstrates that "group grafting" will be an effective strategy for constructing novel polar BBUs with multi-chromophore to design NCS structures and high-performance IR NLO materials.

10.
Inorg Chem ; 63(2): 1404-1413, 2024 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38163854

RESUMO

Introducing F- anions or substituting F- anions with IO3- groups has been proven to be ideal strategies for designing novel noncentrosymmetric (NCS) and polar materials, yet systematic investigation into the effect of F- anions or the substitution of IO3- for F- anions on structures and properties remains rarely explored. Herein, two new gallium iodates, NaGa(IO3)2F2 (1) and NaGa(IO3)4 (2), were successfully designed and synthesized based on NaGa(IO3)3F by introducing more F- anions and replacing F- anions with IO3 groups, respectively. Structurally, in compound 1, the adjacent [GaF3(IO3)3]3- polyanions are connected in an antiparallel manner, resulting in a complete cancellation of local polarity. While in compound 2, all IO3 groups in 2D [Ga(IO3)4]∞- layers are aligned, leading to large macroscopic polarization. Additionally, chemical substitution also results in a qualitative improvement in the functional properties of compound 2. It possesses strong SHG response (12 × KDP @1064 nm) and broad optical transparency, coupled with large birefringence (0.21 @1064 nm), showcasing its promise as a promising nonlinear optical (NLO) crystal. The effects of chemical substitution between F- anions and IO3- groups on the structures and properties are discussed in detail.

11.
Blood Adv ; 8(7): 1667-1682, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38286463

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Congenital neutropenia (CN) is a genetic disorder characterized by persistent or intermittent low peripheral neutrophil counts, thus increasing susceptibility to bacterial and fungal infections. Various forms of CN, caused by distinct genetic mutations, exhibit differential responses to granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) therapy, with the underlying mechanisms not fully understood. This study presents an in-depth comparative analysis of clinical and immunological features in 5 CN patient groups (severe congenital neutropenia [SCN]1, SCN3, cyclic neutropenia [CyN], warts, hypogammaglobulinaemia, infections and myelokathexis [WHIM], and Shwachman-Bodian-Diamond Syndrome [SBDS]) associated with mutations in ELANE, HAX1, CXCR4, and SBDS genes. Our analysis led to the identification of 11 novel mutations in ELANE and 1 each in HAX1, CXCR4, and G6PC3 genes. Investigating bone marrow (BM) granulopoiesis and blood absolute neutrophil count after G-CSF treatment, we found that SCN1 and SCN3 presented with severe early-stage disruption between the promyelocyte and myelocyte, leading to a poor response to G-CSF. In contrast, CyN, affected at the late polymorphonuclear stage of neutrophil development, showed a strong G-CSF response. WHIM, displaying normal neutrophil development, responded robustly to G-CSF, whereas SBDS, with moderate disruption from the early myeloblast stage, exhibited a moderate response. Notably, SCN1 uniquely impeded neutrophil development, whereas SCN3, CyN, WHIM, and SBDS also affected eosinophils and basophils. In addition, SCN1, SCN3, and CyN presented with elevated serum immunoglobulins, increased BM plasma cells, and higher A Proliferation-Inducing Ligand levels. Our study reveals a strong correlation between the stage and severity of granulocyte development disruption and the efficacy of G-CSF therapy.


Assuntos
Síndrome Congênita de Insuficiência da Medula Óssea , Eosinófilos , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos , Neutropenia/congênito , Humanos , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/farmacologia , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/uso terapêutico , Mutação , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal
12.
Small ; 20(3): e2306459, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37679055

RESUMO

Nonlinear optical (NLO) crystals are indispensable for the solid-state lasers for their ability to expand wavelength spectral to the regions where the directing lasing is difficult or even impossible, yet the rational design of a high-performance NLO crystal remains a great challenge owing to the severe structural and properties' requirements. Herein, a new noncentrosymmetric (NCS) and polar gallium iodate, LiGa(IO3 )4 , with a novel 2D anionic layer, is successfully designed and synthesized by the aliovalent substitution strategy based on classic α-LiIO3 . The 2D [Ga(IO3 )4 ]∞ - layer in LiGa(IO3 )4 is built from the GaO6 octahedra and highly polarizable units IO3 . Compared with its parent compound, the partial replacement of A-site Li+ cation with main group Ga3+ cation facilitates LiGa(IO3 )4 to possess excellent NLO properties, including the large second-harmonic generation (SHG) response (14 × KH2 PO4 (KDP) @ 1064 nm), wide bandgap (4.25 eV), large birefringence (0.23 @ 1064 nm), and wide optical transparency from UV to mid-IR. These reveal that LiGa(IO3 )4 will be a promising NLO crystal.

13.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 11(7): e2306825, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38064125

RESUMO

Chirality and polarity are the two most important and representative symmetry-dependent properties. For polar structures, all the twofold axes perpendicular to the principal axis of symmetry should be removed. For chiral structures, all the mirror-related symmetries and inversion axes should be removed. Especially for duality (polarity and chirality), all of the above symmetries should be broken and that also represents the highest-level challenge. Herein, a new symmetry-breaking strategy that employs heteroanionic groups to construct hourglass-like [Sr3 OGeS3 ]2+ and [Sr3 SGeS3 ]2+ groups to design and synthesize a new oxychalcogenide Sr18 Ge9 O5 S31 with chiral-polar duality is proposed. The presence of two enantiomers of Sr18 Ge9 O5 S31 is confirmed by the single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Its optical activity and ferroelectricity are also studied by solid-state circular dichroism spectroscopy and piezoresponse force microscopy, respectively. Further property measurements show that Sr18 Ge9 O5 S31 possesses excellent nonlinear optical properties, including the strong second harmonic generation efficiency (≈2.5 × AGS), large bandgap (3.61 eV), and wide mid-infrared transparent region (≈15.3 µm). These indicate that the unique microstructure groups of heteroanionic materials are conducive to realizing symmetry-breaking and are able to provide some inspiration for exploring the chiral-polar duality materials.

15.
Plant Cell ; 36(4): 987-1006, 2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37831412

RESUMO

Plant immunity is fine-tuned to balance growth and defense. However, little is yet known about molecular mechanisms underlying immune homeostasis in rice (Oryza sativa). In this study, we reveal that a rice calcium-dependent protein kinase (CDPK), OsCPK17, interacts with and stabilizes the receptor-like cytoplasmic kinase (RLCK) OsRLCK176, a close homolog of Arabidopsis thaliana BOTRYTIS-INDUCED KINASE 1 (AtBIK1). Oxidative burst and pathogenesis-related gene expression triggered by pathogen-associated molecular patterns are significantly attenuated in the oscpk17 mutant. The oscpk17 mutant and OsCPK17-silenced lines are more susceptible to bacterial diseases than the wild-type plants, indicating that OsCPK17 positively regulates rice immunity. Furthermore, the plant U-box (PUB) protein OsPUB12 ubiquitinates and degrades OsRLCK176. OsCPK17 phosphorylates OsRLCK176 at Ser83, which prevents the ubiquitination of OsRLCK176 by OsPUB12 and thereby enhances the stability and immune function of OsRLCK176. The phenotypes of the ospub12 mutant in defense responses and disease resistance show that OsPUB12 negatively regulates rice immunity. Therefore, OsCPK17 and OsPUB12 reciprocally maintain OsRLCK176 homeostasis and function as positive and negative immune regulators, respectively. This study uncovers positive cross talk between CDPK- and RLCK-mediated immune signaling in plants and reveals that OsCPK17, OsPUB12, and OsRLCK176 maintain rice immune homeostasis.


Assuntos
Oryza , Oryza/metabolismo , Resistência à Doença , Imunidade Vegetal/genética , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Homeostase , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
16.
Mucosal Immunol ; 17(3): 450-460, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38101774

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) ranks among the top causes of mortality globally. Gut inflammation is one crucial risk factor that augments CRC development since patients suffering from inflammatory bowel disease have an increased incidence of CRC. The role of immunoglobulin (Ig)A in maintaining gut homeostasis and preventing inflammation has been well established. Our earlier work demonstrated that the marginal zone and B1 cell-specific protein (MZB1) promotes gut IgA secretion and its absence results in pronounced dextran sulfate sodium salt (DSS)-induced colitis. In the present study, we explored the role of MZB1 in CRC development using the azoxymethane (AOM)/DSS-induced CRC model. We observed an increase in both the number and size of the tumor nodules in Mzb1-/- mice compared with Mzb1+/+ mice. The increase in CRC development and progression in Mzb1-/- mice was associated with reduced intestinal IgA levels, altered gut flora, and more severe gut and systemic inflammation. Oral administration of the monoclonal IgA, W27, alleviated both the gut inflammation and AOM/DSS-induced CRC. Notably, cohousing Mzb1+/+ and Mzb1-/- mice from the 10th day after birth led to similar CRC development. Our findings underscore the pivotal role of MZB1-mediated IgA secretion in suppressing the onset and progression of CRC triggered by gut inflammation. Moreover, our study highlights the profound impact of microbiota composition, modulated by gut IgA levels, on gut inflammation. Nonetheless, establishing a direct correlation between the severity of colitis and subsequent CRC development and the presence or absence of a particular microbiota is challenging.


Assuntos
Azoximetano , Colite , Neoplasias Colorretais , Sulfato de Dextrana , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Progressão da Doença , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Camundongos Knockout , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Colite/induzido quimicamente , Colite/imunologia , Colite/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/imunologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/etiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Imunoglobulina A/metabolismo , Imunoglobulina A/imunologia , Inflamação/imunologia , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Mucosa Intestinal/imunologia , Mucosa Intestinal/patologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
17.
Inorg Chem ; 63(1): 803-811, 2024 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38113036

RESUMO

Zero-dimensional (0D) organic-inorganic hybrid halides present many fascinating photophysical properties for promising optoelectronic applications such as light-emitting diodes (LEDs), X-ray imaging, photodetectors, and anticounterfeiting. Herein, a centimeter-sized single crystal (C6H10N2)2MnCl6·2H2O with a 0D perovskite structure was obtained via a solvent evaporation method. A bright red emission at 618 nm with a larger Stokes shift of more than 300 nm and a long fluorescence lifetime of 6.21 ms were measured. Notably, a reversible PL switching from red emission to nonluminescence has been presented in the cycles of heating-cooling processes from RT to 100 °C. Furthermore, the temperature-induced luminescence shows a quick recovery after 20 conversion cycles, exhibiting excellent stability and temperature sensing. According to the structural and theoretical analyses, the temperature-induced luminescence is primarily due to hydrogen-bonding interactions between (MnCl6)4- and H2O molecules. Particularly, a temperature anticounterfeiting application has been designed based on its reversible temperature-dependent PL switching. Importantly, the ultraviolet-pumped LEDs fabricated by (C6H10N2)2MnCl6·2H2O single crystals are perfectly achieved. Anyway, this work clearly demonstrates that 0D Mn-based perovskite with temperature-dependent PL switching greatly extends its potential applications in electro-optical display, temperature sensing, and anticounterfeiting devices.

19.
Sensors (Basel) ; 23(23)2023 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38067935

RESUMO

Three-dimensional (3D) porous graphene-based materials have displayed attractive electrochemical catalysis and sensing performances, benefiting from their high porosity, large surface area, and excellent electrical conductivity. In this work, a novel electrochemical sensor based on 3D porous reduced graphene (3DPrGO) and ion-imprinted polymer (IIP) was developed for trace cadmium ion (Cd(II)) detection in water. The 3DPrGO was synthesized in situ at a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) surface using a polystyrene (PS) colloidal crystal template and the electrodeposition method. Then, IIP film was further modified on the 3DPrGO by electropolymerization to make it suitable for detecting Cd(II). Attributable to the abundant nanopores and good electron transport of the 3DPrGO, as well as the specific recognition for Cd(II) of IIP, a sensitive determination of trace Cd(II) at PoPD-IIP/3DPrGO/GCE was achieved. The proposed sensor exhibited comprehensive linear Cd(II) responses ranging from 1 to 100 µg/L (R2 = 99.7%). The limit of detection (LOD) was 0.11 µg/L, about 30 times lower than the drinking water standard set by the World Health Organization (WHO). Moreover, PoPD-IIP/3DPrGO/GCE was applied for the detection of Cd(II) in actual water samples. The satisfying recoveries (97-99.6%) and relative standard deviations (RSD, 3.5-5.7%) make the proposed sensor a promising candidate for rapid and on-site water monitoring.

20.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 14(11)2023 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38004842

RESUMO

The miniaturization of quantum sensors is a popular trend for the development of quantum technology. One of the key components of these sensors is a coil which is used for spin modulation and manipulation. The bi-planar coils have the advantage of producing three-dimensional magnetic fields with only two planes of current confinement, whereas the traditional Helmholtz coils require three-dimensional current distribution. Thus, the bi-planar coils are compatible with the current micro-fabrication process and are quite suitable for the compact design of the chip-scale atomic devices that require stable or modulated magnetic fields. This paper presents a design of a miniature bi-planar coil. Both the magnetic fields produced by the coils and their inhomogeneities were designed theoretically. The magnetic field gradient is a crucial parameter for the coils, especially for generating magnetic fields in very small areas. We used a NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance) method based on the relaxation of 131Xe nuclear spins to measure the magnetic field gradient in situ. This is the first time that the field inhomogeneities of the field of such small bi-planar coils have been measured. Our results indicate that the designed gradient caused error is 0.08 for the By and the Bx coils, and the measured gradient caused error using the nuclear spin relaxation method is 0.09±0.02, suggesting that our method is suitable for measuring gradients. Due to the poor sensitivity of our magnetometer under a large Bz bias field, we could not measure the Bz magnetic field gradient. Our method also helps to improve the gradients of the miniature bi-planar coil design, which is critical for chip-scale atomic devices.

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