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1.
Food Chem ; 338: 127805, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32798814

RESUMO

In order to meet the requirements of pesticide residues' detection in complex matrix samples, the magnetic fluorinated multi-wall carbon nanotubes (M-F-MWCNTs) were prepared and applied as new QuEChERS clean-up materials. Combined with GC-MS, an improved QuEChERS method was successfully developed for the detection of organophosphorus pesticide residues. The results showed that the M-F-MWCNTs could effectively remove the interfering substances in Lycium ruthenicum Murr. (L. ruthenicum) samples. The recoveries of 10 tested targets were 74.9% to 113.5% with the relative standard deviations (RSDs) of 3.9-14.7%. The experiment results pointed out that the M-F-MWCNTs were qualified as QuEChERS clean-up materials and expected to be applied to other complex matrix samples and pesticide targets.

2.
Food Chem ; 338: 127799, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32798816

RESUMO

An emerging blanching technology, namely vacuum-steam pulsed blanching (VSPB) was employed to blanch the carrots and its effects on blanching efficiency, microstructure and ultrastructure, drying kinetics, colour, texture, phytochemicals (phenolics and ß-carotene) and antioxidant capacity of carrot slices were explored and compared with the traditional hot water blanching. Results showed that both blanching treatments enhanced the drying velocity and shortened the drying time by 25.9% compared with untreated samples. VSPB yielded higher blanching efficiency, better colour (more red and yellow), greater antioxidant capacity and higher preservation of phytochemicals compared with hot water blanched samples. Especially, compared to hot water blanched carrots, the p-hydroxybenzoic acid, ferulic acid, and caffeic acid content of VSPB samples increased of 106.6%, 42.0%, and 19.0%, respectively. Interestingly, the chlorogenic acid content in the blanched carrot increased more than 220 times compared to fresh samples. Ultrastructure and microstructure observation clarify the mechanism of quality enhancement of VSPB.

3.
Talanta ; 221: 121600, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33076131

RESUMO

Herein a versatile colorimetric biosensing platform was designed for sensitive, specific, and rapid screening of cancer-derived exosomes (HepG2 cell-derived) by introducing horseradish peroxidase -encapsulated DNA nanoflowers (HRP-DF) as the biorecognition elements and signal-generation tags. HRP was concurrently associated with the growing ultralong-chain DNA and the magnesium pyrophosphate crystals (Mg2PPi) during the rolling circle amplification (RCA), thereby ultimately leading to the direct fixation of HRP in DFs. For demonstration, a linear DNA circular molecule encoding the complementary sequence of CD63 aptamer (a nucleic acid sequence that can highly bind to exosomes) was used as a starting amplification template to obtain HRP-DF with the high biorecognition ability of exosomes. Upon addition of target exosomes, a sandwiched reaction was carried out between the cholesterol-modified DNA probes-conjugated magnetic bead (MB) and the HRP-DFs, accompanying formation of ternary complexes (MB-exosomes-HRP-DF). After simple magnetic separation, the HRP carried on the ternary complexes (MB-exosomes-HRP-DF) initiated oxidation of 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS, nearly colorless) into green-colored oxidized ABTS in the presence of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). The obvious color change (from nearly colorless to dark green) of ABTS-H2O2 system can be easily observed with the naked eye and accurately monitored by UV-visible spectrometry, which was also proportional to the concentration of exosomes. Impressively, HRP-DF-based biosensing platform exhibited satisfactory colorimetric responses toward target exosomes within the working range from 5.0 × 103 to 5.0 × 106 particles/µL at a low detection limit of 3.32 × 103 particles/µL. Combined with a one-step sandwich reaction, magnetic separation and HRP-DF-based color-changing, this system had the advantages of acceptable accuracy, strong anti-interference ability and good reproducibility.

4.
Sci Adv ; 6(41)2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036968

RESUMO

The development of drugs with rapid distribution in the kidney and long-term retention in the renal tubule is a breakthrough for enhanced treatment of acute kidney injury (AKI). Here, l-serine-modified chitosan (SC) was synthesized as a potential AKI kidney-targeting agent due to the native cationic property of chitosan and specific interaction between kidney injury molecule-1 (Kim-1) and serine. Results indicated that SC was rapidly accumulated and long-term retained in ischemia-reperfusion-induced AKI kidneys, especially in renal tubules, which was possibly due to the specific interactions between SC and Kim-1. SC-TK-SS31 was then prepared by conjugating SS31, a mitochondria-targeted antioxidant, to SC via reactive oxygen species (ROS)-sensitive thioketal linker. Because of the effective renal distribution combined with ROS-responsive drug release behavior, the administration of SC-TK-SS31 led to an enhanced therapeutic effect of SS31 by protecting mitochondria from damage and reducing the oxidative stress, inflammation, and cell apoptosis.

5.
J Infect Dev Ctries ; 14(9): 963-967, 2020 09 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031081

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: COVID-19 has become a global health security issue, it has caused more than half a million deaths worldwide so far, the treatment strategies are the most concerned issues for clinicians. In this study, the treatments and outcomes in 40 pediatric patients diagnosed with COVID-19 and treated with different drugs were evaluated. METHODOLOGY: All cases were diagnosed with COVID-19 nucleic acid positive by using RT-PCR or clinical manifestations, imaging specific characteristics and epidemiological clinical diagnosis. The biological information and first symptom of all cases were collect. A variety of treatments were employed and the outcomes were evaluated by Cox regression analysis. Multivariable analysis was performed to evaluate cure rate at 14 days with different drug treatment. RESULTS: The average length of hospital stay was 10.4 days. The cure rate was increased with the treatment time extended and 90% of pediatric patients were cured and discharged after 14 days' treatment. And multivariable analysis results proved that none of the covariates were related to the cure rate at 14 days with different drug treatment since p values were over 0.05. CONCLUSIONS: Multivariable analysis suggested that the present drug treatments cannot significantly shorten the clinical cure time and improve the cure rate of children with COVID-19.

6.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(5): 1618-1624, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067963

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical value of serum bone turnover markers including ß-CrossLaps (ß-CTx), N-MID Osteocalcin (Osteocalcin), and total procollagen type 1 amino-terminal propeptide (TP1NP) in patients with myeloma bone disease (MBD). METHODS: A total of 55 MBD patients(MBD group) and 20 healthy volunteers(control group) were selected, and the serum was collected for detecting ß-CTx, Osteocalcin and TP1NP by Roche analyzer of automated electrochemiluminescence. Meanwhile, the imaging techniques such as MRI and CT were used for evaluation of bone destruction and the damage extent in MBD patients. RESULTS: Measurement data is expressed as median (P25, P75) according to distribution characteristics of data. The detection results showed that concentrations of ß-CTx in MBD patients and control group were 0.72(0.48, 1.28) ng/mL and 0.53(0.34, 0.61) ng/mL respectively, the ß-CTx concentration in MBD patients was significantly higher than that in control group(P=0.002). The ratio ß-CTx to TP1NP (%) in MBD patients and control group was 1.50 (1.05, 3.36) and 1.25 (0.86, 1.35) respectively, the ratio in MBD patients was significantly higher than that in control group (P=0.007). The serum ß-CTx concentrations in MBD patients of localized bone destruction type and extensive bone destruction type were 0.41(0.31, 0.66) ng/mL and 1.14(0.72, 1.81) ng/mL respectively, the ß-CTx concentration in MBD patients of extensive bone destruction type was significantly higher than that in MBD patients of localized bone destruction type (P<0.001). The ratio of ß-CTx to TP1NP(%) in MBD patients of localized and extensive bone destruction type was 1.30 (0.90, 2.49) and 1.98 (1.18, 3.76) respectively, the ratio in the MBD patients of extensive bone destruction type was significantly higher than that in MBD patients of localized bone destruction type (P=0.019). The serum osteocalcin concentrations in MBD patients of localized and extensive bone destruction type were 14.31 (8.82, 19.39) ng/mL and 21.52 (14.42, 47.76) ng/mL respectively, the osteocalcin concentration in MBD patients of extensive bone destruction type was higher than that in MBD patients of localized bone destruction type (P=0.008). The AUC of ß-CTx was 0.88 (95% CI: 0.78-0.98)(P<0.001), and the cut-off value was 0.69 ng/ml in the diagnosis of extensive bone injury for MBD patients, and the sensitivity and specificity were 80.65% and 83.33% respectively. CONCLUSION: The MBD patients show bone resorption hyperthyroidism and high bone turnover. The ß-CTx and osteocalcin in serum bone turnover markers can effectively reflect the extent of bone damage in MBD patients, especially the ß-CTx is more efficient for the diagnosis of MBD patients of extensive bone destruction type. However, ß-CTx, osteocalcin and TP1NP are not relate with the MM disease progression.


Assuntos
Doenças Ósseas , Mieloma Múltiplo , Biomarcadores , Remodelação Óssea , Humanos , Osteocalcina
7.
J Infect Dev Ctries ; 14(9): 963-967, 2020 09 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-841453

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: COVID-19 has become a global health security issue, it has caused more than half a million deaths worldwide so far, the treatment strategies are the most concerned issues for clinicians. In this study, the treatments and outcomes in 40 pediatric patients diagnosed with COVID-19 and treated with different drugs were evaluated. METHODOLOGY: All cases were diagnosed with COVID-19 nucleic acid positive by using RT-PCR or clinical manifestations, imaging specific characteristics and epidemiological clinical diagnosis. The biological information and first symptom of all cases were collect. A variety of treatments were employed and the outcomes were evaluated by Cox regression analysis. Multivariable analysis was performed to evaluate cure rate at 14 days with different drug treatment. RESULTS: The average length of hospital stay was 10.4 days. The cure rate was increased with the treatment time extended and 90% of pediatric patients were cured and discharged after 14 days' treatment. And multivariable analysis results proved that none of the covariates were related to the cure rate at 14 days with different drug treatment since p values were over 0.05. CONCLUSIONS: Multivariable analysis suggested that the present drug treatments cannot significantly shorten the clinical cure time and improve the cure rate of children with COVID-19.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-812480

RESUMO

Our aim was to investigate whether SARS-CoV-2 infection raised high risks of late pregnancy complications, and posed health problems in fetuses and neonates. We analyzed the data of COVID-19 pregnant women with COVID-19 during late pregnancy and their neonates. Eleven out of 16 (69%) pregnant women with COVID-19 had ++ or +++ of ketone body in urine. The blood uric acid of pregnant patients was 334 µmol/L (IQR, 269-452). D-dimer and FDP in pregnant patients were 3.32 mg/L (IQR, 2.18-4.21) and 9.6 mg/L (IQR, 5.9-12.4). Results of blood samples collected at birth showed that 16 neonates had leukocytes (15.7 × 109/L (IQR, 13.7-17.2)), neutrophils (11.1 × 109/L (IQR, 9.2-13.2)), CK (401 U/L (IQR, 382-647)), and LDH (445 U/L (IQR, 417-559)). Twenty-four hours after birth, a neonate from COVID-19 woman had fever and positive of SARS-CoV-2 gene. Another woman had strongly positive for SARS-CoV-2 gene (+++) for 4 weeks, and delivered one neonate who had SARS-CoV-2 IgM (46 AU/mL) and IgG (140 AU/mL) on day 1 after birth. In the third trimester, COVID-19 infection in pregnant patients raised high risks of ketonuria, hypercoagulable state, and hyperfibrinolysis, which may lead to severe complications. COVID-19 increased the inflammatory responses of placenta, and fetuses and neonates had potential organ dysregulation and coagulation disorders. There was a potential intrauterine transmission while pregnant women had high titer of SARS-CoV-2, but it is necessary to detect SARS-CoV-2 in the blood cord, placenta, and amniotic fluid to further confirm intrauterine infection of fetuses.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33080319

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of dietary leucine level on growth performance, intestinal antioxidant status and immune response involved in Nrf2 and NF-κB signaling pathway in juvenile golden pompano (Trachinotus ovatus). A total of 450 juvenile golden pompano (9.15 ±â€¯0.04 g) were fed three isonitrogenous diets with graded leucine levels [1.25% (control), 2.77% and 5.84%] for 8 weeks. The results showed that, compared with the control group, the WG was significantly improved in fish fed with 2.77% of dietary leucine (P < 0.05), and the 5.84% dietary leucine group had a tendency to increase. Compared to control group, 5.84% dietary leucine group significantly decreased the moisture and ash contents of whole body (P < 0.05), meanwhile, 2.77% dietary leucine group significantly decreased moisture content of whole body, but significantly improved the whole body crude lipid content (P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, the ALP level was significantly improved in fish fed with 2.77% of dietary leucine (P < 0.05). Inversely, the AST and ALT activities were significantly decreased in fish fed with 2.77% dietary leucine level (P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, GPx, T-AOC, SOD activities in group of 2.77% dietary arginine level were significantly increased (P < 0.05). However, MDA level showed a reverse trend, which was significantly decreased in fish fed with 2.77% dietary leucine level (P < 0.05). 2.77% dietary leucine levels significantly increased the relative expressions of Nrf2, HO-1, Cu/Zn-SOD, Mn-SOD and CAT (P < 0.05). In contrast, the relative expression of Keap1 showed a converse trend. Compared with the control group, the relative expressions of NF-κB, TNF-α and IL1-ß were significantly lowered in fish fed with 2.77% of dietary leucine (P < 0.05). Additionally, 2.77% dietary leucine level significantly improved the relative expressions of TGF-ß and IL-10 (P < 0.05). The 2.77% dietary leucine level significantly increased the muscular thickness compared with 5.84% dietary leucine level (P < 0.05). Furthermore, compared with the control group, the villus height and goblet cell counts were significantly improved in fish fed with 2.77% of dietary leucine (P < 0.05). These results indicated that the optimum dietary leucine plays an important role in promoting growth, enhancing antioxidant and immunity to maintain the intestinal health status of juvenile golden pompano.

10.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 32(9): 1145-1148, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33081908

RESUMO

Acute poisoning induced cardiac arrest (APCA) is an acute circulatory failure caused by severe poisoning, which is characterized by complicated mechanisms, limited treatment methods and poor prognosis. Recently, emerging evidence has demonstrated that extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) could be a promising tool that may benefit the patients with APCA refractory to conventional resuscitation methods. However, further well-designed studies are needed to evaluate and resolve the emerged problems during the process of ECMO therapy in patients with APCA, such as population indications, optimal conditions, cost-effectiveness, etc. Therefore, this article reviews the epidemiology and mechanism of APCA, and the experimental and clinical studies of the application of ECMO in APCA, in order to explore the clinical value of ECMO in the treatment of APCA patients.

11.
BMJ Open ; 10(10): e037266, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33082182

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate time trends of preterm birth and estimate the contributions of risk factors to the changes in preterm birth rates over a decade (2009-2018) of transitional period in Shenzhen, China. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study between 2009 and 2018. SETTING: All births in Baoan during January 2009 and December 2018 registered in the Shenzhen Birth Registry Database. PARTICIPANTS: 478 044 live births were included with sociodemographic and medical records for both women and infants. OUTCOME MEASURES: The incidence rate of preterm birth stratified by different maternal and infant characteristics. Multiple logistic regression was used to identify significant risk factors associated with preterm birth. The population attributable risk fraction of each factor was calculated to estimate its contribution to variations of preterm birth rate over the 10 years. RESULTS: A total of 27 829 preterm births from 478 044 (5.8%) live births were recorded and the preterm birth rate increased from 5.5% in 2009 to 6.2% in 2018. Medically induced preterm birth rate increased from 2.0% in 2009 to 3.4% in 2018 while spontaneous preterm labour rate decreased from 3.3% to 2.7% over the decade years. Risk factors including multiple pregnancy (0.28% increase) drove the rise of preterm birth rate, whereas changes in maternal educational attainment (0.22% reduction) and prenatal care utilisation (0.45% reduction) had contributed to the decline in preterm birth rate. CONCLUSIONS: An uptrend of preterm birth rate was observed in an area under rapid sociodemographic transitions during 2009-2018 and the changes were associated with these sociodemographic transitions. Continued investments in girls' education and prenatal care have the potential of reducing preterm birth rate.

12.
Front Immunol ; 11: 2063, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-868947

RESUMO

Background: Cases of excessive neutrophil counts in the blood in severe coronavirus disease (COVID-19) patients have drawn significant attention. Neutrophil infiltration was also noted on the pathological findings from autopsies. It is urgent to clarify the pathogenesis of neutrophils leading to severe pneumonia in COVID-19. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 55 COVID-19 patients classified as mild (n = 22), moderate (n = 25), and severe (n = 8) according to the Guidelines released by the National Health Commission of China. Trends relating leukocyte counts and lungs examined by chest CT scan were quantified by Bayesian inference. Transcriptional signatures of host immune cells of four COVID19 patients were analyzed by RNA sequencing of lung specimens and BALF. Results: Neutrophilia occurred in 6 of 8 severe patients at 7-19 days after symptom onset, coinciding with lesion progression. Increasing neutrophil counts paralleled lesion CT values (slope: 0.8 and 0.3-1.2), reflecting neutrophilia-induced lung injury in severe patients. Transcriptome analysis revealed that neutrophil activation was correlated with 17 neutrophil extracellular trap (NET)-associated genes in COVID-19 patients, which was related to innate immunity and interacted with T/NK/B cells, as supported by a protein-protein interaction network analysis. Conclusion: Excessive neutrophils and associated NETs could explain the pathogenesis of lung injury in COVID-19 pneumonia.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/genética , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Armadilhas Extracelulares/genética , Ativação de Neutrófilo/genética , Neutrófilos/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Teorema de Bayes , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Feminino , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Lesão Pulmonar/imunologia , Lesão Pulmonar/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infiltração de Neutrófilos/imunologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/imunologia , RNA Viral/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transcriptoma
13.
Chemosphere ; 264(Pt 1): 128445, 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017704

RESUMO

The female reproductive lifespan is largely determined by the size of primordial follicle pool, which is established in early life. Bisphenol S (BPS), frequently present in plastic products used in daily life, has been demonstrated as an exogenous estrogen-like endocrine disrupting chemical interfering with the endocrine and reproductive systems. However, the molecular mechanisms of its reproductive toxicity remain to be determined. In the present study, we focused on the effect of BPS on the early ovarian folliculogenesis of mice. Our in vivo experiments showed that the treatment with BPS at 2 and 10 µg/kg body weight/day for 3 days induced abnormal germ cell cyst breakdown and primordial follicle assembly in the mouse ovary, further affecting later ovarian differentiation and reducing oocyte quality. In addition, our in vitro study demonstrated that BPS could interact with estrogen receptors (ERs) to induce phosphorylation of JNKs, which is responsible for reducing oocyte adhesion in cysts. Meanwhile, BPS exposure up-regulated Notch signaling pathway to increase the proliferation of granulosa cells precursors. Our study provided new evidence for the adverse effects of BPS on female reproduction, especially after perinatal exposure, and elucidated how it works.

14.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 107(Pt A): 163-170, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010466

RESUMO

In this study, the compound antimicrobial peptides was added to the basic diet to probe its effects on grass carp for 8 weeks. There were 6 groups in our study, including M0 (0 mg/kg) and 5 additional groups: M1 (100 mg/kg), M2 (200 mg/kg), M3 (400 mg/kg), M4 (800 mg/kg) and M5 (1600 mg/kg). The results are as follows: (1) The grass carp's FBW, WGR and SGR in M4 were significantly increased than M0 (p < 0.05). (2) In the hepatopancreas, the amylase activity of M2, M3 and M5 were significant up-regulation than other groups (p < 0.05). (3) The activity of T-AOC in the M3 and M4 was significantly higher compared to the other groups in grass carp hepatopancreas, while MDA was significantly reduced compared to the control group (p < 0.05). The activity of SOD in M5 was significantly increased than the other groups (p < 0.05). (4) The expression of MnSOD (except head kidney), IL8 and TNF-α and IL-1ß (except hepatopancreas) were significantly increased (p < 0.05), while TGF-ß and were significantly reduced in the hepatopancreas, spleen and head kidney at M3 (p < 0.05), and IL10 were significantly decreased in the hepatopancreas at M3 (p < 0.05). In addition, expression of IL8 and TNF-α were significant down-regulation, whereas TGF-ß (expect head kidney) were significant up-regulation in hepatopancreas, spleen and head kidney in M3 after challenge with A. hydrophila. The expression of IL-1ß in spleen and head kidney were also down-regulated, whereas IL10 were significantly up-regulated in the hepatopancreas at M3 after challenge with A. hydrophila (p < 0.05). The results of this study showed that grass carp fed a diet supplemented compound antimicrobial peptides was added with 400-800 mg/kg, which could improve the growth performance, antioxidant and digestive capabilities, and could also enhance the expression of immune-related genes and control to A. hydrophila.

15.
Cell Rep ; 33(1): 108228, 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027649

RESUMO

The Mediator complex relays regulatory signals from gene-specific transcription factors to the basal transcriptional machinery. However, the role of individual Mediator subunits in different tissues remains unclear. Here, we demonstrate that MED19 is essential for adipogenesis and maintenance of white adipose tissue (WAT) by mediating peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) transcriptional activity. MED19 knockdown blocks white adipogenesis, but not brown adipogenesis or C2C12 myoblast differentiation. Adipose-specific MED19 knockout (KO) in mice results in a striking loss of WAT, whitening of brown fat, hepatic steatosis, and insulin resistance. Inducible adipose-specific MED19 KO in adult animals also results in lipodystrophy, demonstrating its requirement for WAT maintenance. Global gene expression analysis reveals induction of genes involved in apoptosis and inflammation and impaired expression of adipose-specific genes, resulting from decreased PPARγ residency on adipocyte gene promoters and reduced association of PPARγ with RNA polymerase II. These results identify MED19 as a crucial facilitator of PPARγ-mediated gene expression in adipose tissue.

16.
Chemosphere ; 264(Pt 2): 128493, 2020 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039690

RESUMO

In this study, the artificial soil poisoning method was used to explore the antioxidative stress mechanism and gene changes of earthworms (Eisenia foetida) after application of nitenpyram. The toxic effects of nitenpyram on earthworms were combined with the method called the second-generation integrated biomarker response index method (IBRv2) to be comprehensively analyzed by studying the reactive oxygen species (ROS) content, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, catalase (CAT) activity, glutathione S-transferase (GST) activity, malondialdehyde (MDA) content and DNA damage degree in earthworms. The results showed that the ROS content in the high-concentration (2.5 mg/kg) nitenpyram treatment group changed significantly. The changes of antioxidant enzymes in earthworms were also obvious. In terms of SOD enzyme activity, under the induction of nitenpyram, SOD activity in the 1 mg/kg and 2.5 mg/kg treatment groups was significantly enhanced. The concentration-treated group could all affect the activity of earthworm detoxifying enzyme GST. Earthworm DNA olive tail in the nitenpyram treatment group with different concentrations was mainly concentrated at low and medium levels at 21d, and the proportion was the largest during the whole exposure period, showing a significant dose-effect relationship. This study confirms that nitenpyram not only has a toxic effect on the physiological and biochemical indicators of earthworms, but also cannot be underestimated on its genetic level.

18.
BMC Med Genet ; 21(1): 206, 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33076844

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effect of the p.Arg72Pro variant of the P53 gene on the risk of development ofbreast cancer remains variable in populations. However, the use ofstrategies such aspoolingage-matched controls with disease may provide a consistent meta-analysis. Our goal was to perform a meta-analysis in order to assess the association of p.Arg72Pro variant of P53 gene with the risk of breast cancer. METHODS: Databases such as PubMed, Genetics Medical Literature, Harvard University Library, Web of Science and Genesis Library were used to search articles. Case-control studies with age-matched on breast cancer havingevaluated the genotype frequencies of the TP53 p.Arg72Pro polymorphism were selected. The fixed and random effects (Mantel-Haenszel) were calculated using pooled odds ratio of 95% CI to determine the risk of disease. Inconsistency was calculated to determine heterogeneity among the studies. The publication bias was estimated using the funnel plot. RESULTS: Twenty-one publications with 7841 cases and 8876 controls were evaluated in this meta-analysis. Overall, our results suggested that TP53 p.Arg72Pro was associated with the risk of breast cancer for the dominant model (OR = 1.09, 95% CI = 1.02-1.16, P = 0.01) and the additive model (OR = 1.09, 95% CI = 1.01-1.17, P = 0.03), but not for the recessive model (OR = 1.07, 95% CI = 0.97-1.18, P = 0.19). According to the ethnic group analysis, Pro allele was associated with the risk of breast cancer in Caucasians for the dominant model and additive model (P = 0.02), and Africans for the recessive model and additive model (P = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis found a significant association between TP53 p.Arg72Pro polymorphism and the risk of breast cancer. Individuals carrying at least one Pro allele were more likely to have breast cancer than individuals harboring the Arg allele.

19.
Genet Med ; 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33077892

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Previous studies suggest that ceramide is a proapoptotic lipid as high levels of ceramides can lead to apoptosis of neuronal cells, including photoreceptors. However, no pathogenic variant in ceramide synthases has been identified in human patients and knockout of various ceramide synthases in mice has not led to photoreceptor degeneration. METHODS: Exome sequencing was used to identify candidate disease genes in patients with vision loss as confirmed by standard evaluation methods, including electroretinography (ERG) and optical coherence tomography. The vision loss phenotype in mice was evaluated by ERG and histological analyses. RESULTS: Here we have identified four patients with cone-rod dystrophy or maculopathy from three families carrying pathogenic variants in TLCD3B. Consistent with the phenotype observed in patients, the Tlcd3bKO/KO mice exhibited a significant reduction of the cone photoreceptor light responses, thinning of the outer nuclear layer, and loss of cone photoreceptors across the retina. CONCLUSION: Our results provide a link between loss-of-function variants in a ceramide synthase gene and human retinal dystrophy. Establishment of the Tlcd3b knockout murine model, an in vivo photoreceptor cell degeneration model due to loss of a ceramide synthase, will provide a unique opportunity in probing the role of ceramide in survival and function of photoreceptor cells.

20.
Mol Omics ; 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33079115

RESUMO

Lipid-derived electrophile (LDE) modifications, which are covalent modifications of proteins by endogenous LDEs, are essential types of protein posttranslational modifications. LDE modifications alter the protein structure and regulate their biological processes in cells. LDE modifications of proteins are also closely associated with several diseases and function as potential biomarkers for clinical diagnosis. The crucial step in studying the LDE modifications is to enrich the LDE modified proteins/peptides from complex biological samples with high efficiency and high selectivity and quantify modified proteins/peptides with high accuracy. In this review, we summarize the recent progress in MS-based proteomic technologies to globally identify and quantify LDE modified proteomes, mainly focusing on discussing the qualitative and quantitative technologies.

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