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1.
Theriogenology ; 145: 115-125, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023502

RESUMO

To explore the repair effect of lycium barbarum polysaccharide (LBP) on ovarian injuries induced by repeated superovulation in mice, a model of ovarian injury was established, and ovarian repair was assessed after intragastric administration of LBP. The oocyte quality and blastocyst rates of pronuclear embryos in vitro were observed. The levels of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and lipid peroxide (LPO) in ovarian tissue were measured, and ovarian damage was assessed in paraffin sections. The groups with significant injury were selected according to the above observation, mice in the significant injury group were intragastrically administered with LBP (low dose, 25 mg/kg; medium dose, 35 mg/kg; and high dose, 45 mg/kg) for 30 days. The above measurements and anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) expression were detected in the mouse ovaries and the breeding verification was carried out. Our results showed that repeated superovulation could cause mouse oocyte quality to drop, significant differences started from 4 superovulation events (P < 0.05). The levels of 8-OHdG and LPO in the ovary increased gradually as the number of superovulation events increased, and significant differences were observed after 4-6 superovulations (P < 0.05). The ratios of primordial follicles, primary, tertiary and mature follicles decreased and the ratio of atresia follicles increased as the number of superovulation events increased, especially in 4-6 superovulation groups. Thus, the groups of superovulation 4-6 events were considered as significant injury groups. LBP-medium dose groups significantly improved the number and quantity of oocytes and embryo blastocyst rate (P < 0.05), significantly decreased 8-OHdG and LPO levels in mice ovary (P < 0.05), also improved the ratios of all stages follicles and reduced the rate of atresia follicles, increased the numbers of litter size, live birth, weaning survival, and repaired the expression of AMH in ovary significantly (P < 0.05). In conclusion, the degree of ovarian injury was affected by the number of superovulation. LBP repaired ovarian injuries most likely through scavenging oxidative products 8-OHdG and LPO and increasing AMH protein expression.

2.
Cancer Cell Int ; 19: 323, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31827397

RESUMO

Background: There is growing evidence of the role of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in cervical cancer (CC). The objective was to discuss whether exosomal lncRNA HNF1A-AS1 impacted drug resistance in CC via binding to microRNA-34b (miR-34b) and regulating TUFT1 expression. Methods: The expression of HNF1A-AS1 in normal cervical epithelial cells, cisplatin (DDP)-sensitive cell line (HeLa/S) and DDP-resistant cell line (HeLa/DDP) cells were detected. HeLa/S and HeLa/DDP cells were interfered with HNF1A-AS1 to determine IC50, proliferation, colony formation and apoptosis of CC cells. The exosomes were isolated and identified. Subcellular localization of HNF1A-AS1, expression of miR-34b and TUFT1 in receptor cells were also verified. The binding site between HNF1A-AS1 and miR-34b, together with miR-34b and TUFT1 were confirmed. Tumorigenic ability of cells in nude mice was also detected. Results: HNF1A-AS1 was upregulated in DDP-resistant cell line HeLa/DDP. Silencing HNF1A-AS1 suppressed CC cell proliferation and promoted its apoptosis. HNF1A-AS1 was found to act as a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) of miR-34b to promote the expression of TUFT1. Exosomes shuttled HNF1A-AS1 promoted the proliferation and drug resistance of CC cells and inhibited their apoptosis by upregulating the expression of TUFT1 and downregulating miR-34b. Furthermore, suppressed exosomal HNF1A-AS1 in combination with DDP inhibited tumor growth in nude mice. Conclusion: Our study provides evidence that CC-secreted exosomes carrying HNF1A-AS1 as a ceRNA of miR-34b to promote the expression of TUFT1, thereby promoting the DDP resistance in CC cells.

3.
Bull Environ Contam Toxicol ; 103(3): 428-434, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31203408

RESUMO

Free-air O3 enrichment was used to investigate the responses of different antioxidant mechanisms in different rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars - O3-sensitive hybrid indica (O3-S) cultivars and O3-tolerant conventional japonica (O3-T) cultivars across all growth stages. Elevated [O3] induced increases in reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in O3-S cultivars, which were more pronounced in the later growing stages. In O3-S cultivars, continuous O3 stress decreased catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPX) activities, while in O3-T cultivars, short-term O3 stress decreased superoxide dismutase (SOD), CAT, POD and GPX activities. The same POD isozyme patterns were observed in both O3-S and O3-T cultivars, while SOD and APX isozymes varied by cultivar. The results suggest that O3 tolerance might be improved at different rice development stages through regulating the responses of antioxidant mechanisms to O3 stress.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Oryza/efeitos dos fármacos , Oryza/enzimologia , Ozônio/toxicidade , Ascorbato Peroxidases/metabolismo , Catalase/metabolismo , Oryza/genética , Oryza/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Oxirredução/efeitos dos fármacos , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Estresse Fisiológico , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
4.
J Am Coll Health ; 67(6): 602-609, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30849024

RESUMO

Objective: The constant deterioration of the physical fitness of college students has been a popular topic in China, thus this research analyzes the potential health risk of inadequate physical activity among college students. Participants/methods: During the national student fitness test (NSFT) in 2012, 1500 students from Tsinghua University were recruited and asked to complete the international physical activity questionnaire. Finally, 1414 (94.3%) students completed the study. Results/conclusions: Compared with those students who actively participate in exercise, the risk of obesity in college students lacking exercise was 1.25 times higher. Likewise, the probability of failure in the grip strength test and the standing long jump was also higher, with increases of 2.39 fold and 1.39 fold, respectively. Moreover, the total score of physical fitness test was the same. Consequently, this study suggests that college students should exercise regularly to increase their physical fitness.

5.
Front Pharmacol ; 10: 13, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30723409

RESUMO

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a destructive and rare disorder characterized by a progressive increase in pulmonary artery pressure and vasoconstriction, ultimately leading to right ventricular failure and death. 18ß-Glycyrrhetinic acid (18ß-GA) is an active ingredient in the commonly used Chinese herbal medicine radix glycyrrhizae, and it possesses antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, and other pharmacological properties. This study aimed to determine whether 18ß-GA has protective effects against monocrotaline (MCT)-induced PAH and whether it is associated with oxidative stress. The PAH of rats was induced by MCT (60 mg/kg) and oral administration of 18ß-GA (100, 50, or 25 mg/kg/day), sildenafil (30 mg/kg), or saline for 21 consecutive days. The development of PAH was evaluated by hemodynamic parameters and right ventricular hypertrophy index. Hematoxylin and eosin staining, Masson trichrome staining, and electron microscopy were used to determine the degree of vascular remodeling and proliferation in lung tissue. Moreover, the antioxidant capacity and malondialdehyde levels in the lungs were measured according to the instructions provided by the test kits, and the expression levels of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase-2 (Nox2) and Nox4 were detected through Western blot analysis. Results of our study indicated that 18ß-GA treatment significantly improved the hemodynamic and pathomorphological data of the rats, reduced the changes in oxidative stress biomarkers, and inhibited Nox2 and Nox4 expression. Our research indicated that 18ß-GA has a protective effect against MCT-induced PAH by inhibiting oxidative stress in rats.

6.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 132(1): 4-10, 2019 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30628953

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Shanghai growth standards are higher than World Health Organization (WHO) growth standards, which may influence the feeding practices of the caregivers and increase the risk of overweight in these infants. This study aimed to compare the effects of different growth standards on childhood obesity in Shanghai metropolitan area. METHODS: This was a cluster-randomized controlled trial conducted in 2 downtown areas with 19 community health service centers in Shanghai from November 2013 to December 2015. Randomization was done at the level of the community. Infants (health newborns) were assessed and monitored by the Shanghai growth standards (S-group) and the 2006 WHO growth standards (W-group), respectively. Measurements were taken at 1.0, 2.0, 4.0, 6.0, 9.0 and 12.0 months of age during follow-up period. Based on the values of length and weight measurements, according to the group's growth standards, doctors provided the caregivers with corresponding clinical consultation. Changes in weight-for-age z-score (WAZ), length-for-age z-score (LAZ), and weight-for length z-score (WLZ) between 2 groups were assessed using mixed regression models. Overweight was compared between 2 group at all follow-up measurements. RESULTS: A total of 6509 infants (52.1% were boys) were in the W-group, and 8510 infants (51.4% were boys) were in the S-group. The overweight ratios between two groups were distinct at 9 months of age (3.4% in W-group and 4.3% in S-group) and 12 months of age (2.2% in W-group and 3.8% in S-group), and the differences were statistically significant (P = 0.020 and P < 0.001, respectively). Compared to W-group, the increase in WAZ (coefficient = 0.04, P = 0.004) and WLZ (coefficient = 0.09, P < 0.001) were significantly greater, and the LAZ was lower (coefficient = -0.04, P = 0.047) in S-group (W-group values were used as reference in mixed regression models). CONCLUSION: Compared to the Shanghai growth standards, the adoption of WHO 2006 growth standards would reduce the risk of infant overweight in Shanghai metropolitan area up to 1 year of age. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ChiCTR1800015371, http://www.chictr.org.cn/ Chinese Clinical Trial Registry.


Assuntos
Sobrepeso/fisiopatologia , Estatura/fisiologia , Peso Corporal/fisiologia , China , Comportamento Alimentar/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino
7.
J Cell Mol Med ; 23(4): 2410-2418, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30632263

RESUMO

Interleukin-27 (IL-27) gene polymorphisms are linked to infectious disease susceptibility and IL-27 plasma level is associated with HIV infection. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the association between IL-27 polymorphisms and susceptibility to HIV infection and disease progression. A total of 300 patients with HIV infection (48 long-term nonprogressors and 252 typical progressors) and 300 healthy controls were genotyped for three IL-27 polymorphisms, rs17855750, rs181206, rs40837 which were performed by using multiple single nucleotide primer extension technique. Significant association was found between IL-27 rs40837 polymorphisms with susceptibility to HIV infection (AG vs AA: adjusted OR = 1.60, 95% CI, 1.11-2.30, P = 0.012; AG+GG vs AA: adjusted OR = 1.44, 95% CI, 1.02-2.03, P = 0.038) and disease progression (LTNP: AG vs AA: adjusted OR = 2.33, 95% CI, 1.13-4.80, P = 0.021; TP: AG vs AA: adjusted OR = 1.50, 95% CI, 1.04-2.24, P = 0.030). Serum IL-27 levels were significantly lower in cases compared to controls (P < 0.001). There were lower serum IL-27 levels in TPs than in LTNPs (P < 0.001). We further found that LTNPs with rs40837 AG or GG genotype had lower serum IL-27 levels than with AA genotype (P < 0.05). The CD4+ T counts in cases were significantly lower than controls (P < 0.001). In contrast, individuals with rs40837 AG genotype had lower CD4+ T counts than with AA genotype in cases (P < 0.05). In addition, CD4+ T counts in TPs were significantly lower than LTNPs (P < 0.001). IL-27 rs40837 polymorphism might influence the susceptibility to HIV infection and disease progression probably by regulating the level of serum IL-27 or the quantity of CD4+ T.

8.
J Clin Ultrasound ; 47(4): 247-252, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30614010

RESUMO

Right ventricular (RV) wall dissection following ventricular septal rupture related to inferior myocardial infarction (MI) is an extremely rare complication with a high mortality rate. We report the case of a 61-year-old man who was admitted to our hospital because of syncope and intermittent chest pain with a precordial murmur. Transthoracic echocardiography showed a rupture at the basal infero-posterior septum and RV free-wall dissection forming an echolucent cavity that extended beyond the septum and subsequently re-entered into RV chamber. The patient's overall cardiac and renal functions deteriorated and he died 24 days after the diagnosis. We present a literature review of the published cases of complex dissecting tracts through the septum and RV wall in ischemic context.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia/métodos , Infarto Miocárdico de Parede Inferior/complicações , Infarto Miocárdico de Parede Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Ruptura do Septo Ventricular/diagnóstico por imagem , Ruptura do Septo Ventricular/etiologia , Doença Aguda , Evolução Fatal , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Infarto Miocárdico de Parede Inferior/terapia , Balão Intra-Aórtico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ruptura do Septo Ventricular/terapia
9.
Reprod Domest Anim ; 54(3): 520-530, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30578596

RESUMO

The effect of berberine (Ber) on in vitro fertilization (IVF) embryo development in pigs and the associated differential expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) in the embryo were investigated. NCSU-23 embryonic culture medium was used for a control group, while NCSU-23 embryonic culture medium added with Ber was used for a Ber group. The embryo development rates in these groups were determined, and the zygotes, 4- and 8-cell embryos, and blastocysts were collected for cDNA microarray analysis. The development rates of 2-, 4-, 8-cell embryos and blastocysts were significantly higher in the Ber group than those in the control group (p < 0.01). The differentially expressed miRNAs in the 8-cell versus the 4-cell stage in control group as well as in the 8-cell Ber group versus the 8-cell control group overlapped, and it was found that nine miRNAs were commonly upregulated and two of them were downregulated, while there was no overlap among the other groups. The target genes of Ber-regulated miRNAs at the 8-cell stage were mainly associated with the molecular pathway of nucleic acid and protein synthesis. These findings suggest that Ber may regulate the expression of miRNAs at the 8-cell stage, which is beneficial to provide material reserves for the maternal to zygote transition of porcine embryos, thereby increasing the porcine IVF embryo development rate.


Assuntos
Berberina/farmacologia , Desenvolvimento Embrionário/genética , Fertilização In Vitro/veterinária , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/efeitos dos fármacos , MicroRNAs/genética , Animais , Blastocisto/efeitos dos fármacos , Blastocisto/metabolismo , Desenvolvimento Embrionário/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro/métodos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Gravidez , Suínos/embriologia , Zigoto/efeitos dos fármacos , Zigoto/metabolismo
10.
Theriogenology ; 125: 157-167, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30447495

RESUMO

In this study, effects of icariin (Ica) on were examined in a mouse model of d-galactose (D-gal)-induced ovarian aging. Kunming white mice were divided into three groups: aging group induced with D-gal, experiment group treated with Ica at low (50 mg/kg), middle (100 mg/kg) and high (200 mg/kg) concentrations, and control group with no treatment. Ovarian histomorphology, serum FSH, LH and E2 levels, and reproductive function were compared among the groups. Ovarian expression of Amh, Bax and Bcl-2 was examined by qPCR and western blotting. Our results showed that diameters of secondary and tertiary follicles were significantly reduced in the aging group when compared with control group (P < 0.01), and were restored to normal in Ica 100 and Ica 200 treatment groups. The diameter of atretic follicles was significantly smaller in the aging group compared with control group and Ica 200 treatment group (P < 0.05). The proportion of secondary and atretic follicles was higher in the aging group compared with control group, Ica 100 and 200 treatment groups, whereas the proportion of tertiary and mature follicles was reduced in the aging group versus control, Ica 100 and 200 groups. The aging group lacked mature follicles, whereas Ica treatment induced mature follicle development. Primary and secondary follicles exhibited similar theca cell numbers and theca interna and externa cell layers in all groups examined, whereas theca interna and externa cell layers were decreased and increased, respectively, in tertiary follicles of aging group compared with control and I 200 groups. In the aging group, FSH and LH levels were significantly higher than those in control and Ica 200 groups (P < 0.05), and the E2 level was significantly reduced compared with control (P < 0.01), Ica 200 (P < 0.01), and Ica 100 (P < 0.05) groups. Serum hormone levels were equivalent in the control, Ica 100 and Ica 200 groups. The pregnancy rate was reduced in the aging group compared with other groups. The average litter size per birth, birth litter weight, and weaning weight of litters were all significantly lower in the aging group compared with control, Ica 100 and 200 groups (P < 0.05). The ovarian expression of AMH and Bcl-2 mRNA was significantly reduced in the aging group compared with those in control and Ica-treated groups (P < 0.01). In contrast, Bax expression was significantly higher in the aging group compared with all other groups (P < 0.01), and the Bcl-2/Bax ratio was markedly reduced in aging group compared with control, Ica 100 and 200 groups (P < 0.01), and Ica 50 group (P < 0.05). Ovarian expression of AMH protein was elevated in the Ica 100 group compared with the aging, control and Ica 50 groups (P < 0.01) and Ica 200 group (P < 0.05). Ovarian Bcl-2 protein levels and the Bcl-2/Bax ratio were significantly higher in the Ica 100 group than those in the Ica 50, 200 and aging groups (P < 0.05), and were similar or reduced (P < 0.05), respectively, compared to those in control group. Ovarian Bax expression was similar in each group. These findings suggest that Ica can improve ovarian follicular development, inhibit follicular atresia, decrease FSH and LH levels and increase E2, upregulate ovarian AMH expression and increase the Bcl-2/Bax ratio in aging mice. Therefore, Ica can partially restore ovarian function of aging mice and enhance their fertility. Optimal reproductive effects were obtained with the Ica 100 group.


Assuntos
Flavonoides/farmacologia , Ovário/efeitos dos fármacos , Envelhecimento , Animais , Hormônio Antimülleriano/genética , Hormônio Antimülleriano/metabolismo , Feminino , Galactose/toxicidade , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Camundongos , Ovário/fisiologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Organismos Livres de Patógenos Específicos , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/genética , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo
11.
Cytokine ; 115: 121-126, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30472105

RESUMO

Although inflammation is emerging as a candidate risk factor in tumorigenesis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). In particular, Interleukin (IL) 13 involved inflammatory diseases and cancers. Single nucleotide polymorphisms in IL-13 have been associated with multiple cancers. The study analyzed genetic polymorphisms in IL-13 aiming to investigate its' potential susceptibility with the NPC. The genotyping of polymorphisms (rs20541, rs1295687 and rs2069744) was examined by Snapshot SNP and DNA sequencing. All SNPs were within Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium and each appeared in three genotypes in NPC and controls. Adjusted logistic regression showed that the TT genotype of rs20541 increased the risk of lymph node metastasis (TT vs. CC: OR = 2.87, 95%CI, 1.33-6.18, P = 0.007). CT/CC genotypes were associated with the decreased the risk of lymph node metastasis in NPC (CT/CC vs. TT: OR = 0.32, 95%CI, 0.16-0.65, P = 0.002). The concentration of IL-13 was significantly elevated in NPC patients compared with controls (P = 0.012). Moreover, significant differences were detected in the T-C-T haplotype distribution between NPC patients and controls (OR = 2.47, 95%CI, 1.06-5.78, P = 0.031). Our results, the first report, provide evidence that rs20541 polymorphisms may affect the lymph node metastasis of NPC patients in Chinese population.

12.
Int J Clin Oncol ; 24(4): 359-365, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30413914

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Emerging evidences were accumulated to support the view that GRP78 might be associated with multiple types of cancer. Given these, the aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of GRP78 gene promoter and nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). METHODS: Three SNPs (rs3216733, rs17840761 and rs17840762) in GRR78 promoter were estimated in 422 NPC patients and 452 controls. Genotyping was performed using SNaPshot SNP. Serum GRP78 level was performed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Data were analyzed by SPSS 17.0 software. RESULTS: Significant association between rs3216733 polymorphism and NPC was observed (Cd vs. dd: OR = 0.57, 95% CI 0.43-0.76, P < 0.001; CC vs. dd: OR = 0.62, 95% CI 0.39-0.98, P = 0.043; Cd/CC vs. dd: OR = 0.58, 95% CI 0.44-0.76, P < 0.001; C vs. d OR = 0.70, 95% CI 0.57-0.86, P = 0.001). Additionally, we further found that expression were down-regulated in serum of patients with NPC carrying rs3216733 CC genotype when compared to that of dd genotype (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The observations suggest that rs3216733 polymorphism in the GRP78 gene promoter may correlate with NPC susceptibility.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Choque Térmico/genética , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/genética , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas
13.
Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue ; 24(7): 596-601, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30173441

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the correlation of the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs12009, rs1140763 and rs16927997 in the 3'-untranslated region (3'UTR) of the glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) gene with the risk of male asthenozoospermia (AZS). METHODS: We included 400 AZS patients in the AZS group and another 400 fertile men as normal controls. Using the SNaPshot technique, we genotyped the rs12009, rs1140763 and rs16927997 polymorphisms in the 3'UTR of the GRP78 gene in all the male subjects and analyzed the association of the three SNPs with AZS. RESULTS: The percentage of progressively motile sperm was significantly lower in the AZS group than in the normal controls (ï¼»20.09 ± 8.18ï¼½ % vs ï¼»57.16 ± 13.45ï¼½ %, P <0.01). Three genotypes of CC, CT and TT and 2 alleles of C and T were found in rs12009 and rs1140763 of the GRP78 gene, and another three genotypes of GG, GA and AA and two alleles of G and A were observed in rs16927997. There were no statistically significant differences between the control and AZS groups in the frequencies of the C and T alleles in rs12009 (44.3% vs 47.3% and 55.7% vs 52.7%, P >0.05) or rs1140763 (50.0% vs 52.0% and 50.0% vs 48.0%, P >0.05) or those of the G and A alleles in rs16927997 (6.0% vs 4.4% and 94.0% vs 95.6%, P >0.05), nor in the genotypes and allele frequencies of the 3 polymorphisms (P >0.05). Furthermore, three haplotypes of C-C-A, T-C-G and T-T-A were observed in the male subjects but showed no evident correlation between the AZS and normal control groups. CONCLUSIONS: The polymorphisms in the 3'UTR of the GRP78 gene are not correlated with the risk of male asthenozoospermia.


Assuntos
Regiões 3' não Traduzidas/genética , Astenozoospermia/genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Alelos , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Haplótipos , Humanos , Masculino , Risco
14.
J Org Chem ; 83(15): 8716-8723, 2018 08 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29869493

RESUMO

An iodine-promoted sunlight-induced olefin Z/ E isomerization reaction together with a palladium-catalyzed direct cross-coupling reaction of a drimanal hydrazone and an iodobenzaldehyde, without touching the aromatic aldehyde group, facilitated a divergent and expeditious access to bioactive marine natural products siphonodictyal B, corallidictyals C/D, and liphagal based on the early presence of an aldehyde group instead of a late-stage introduction.


Assuntos
Aldeídos/química , Hidroquinonas/química , Hidroquinonas/síntese química , Sesquiterpenos/química , Sesquiterpenos/síntese química , Terpenos/química , Terpenos/síntese química , Produtos Biológicos/síntese química , Produtos Biológicos/química , Catálise , Técnicas de Química Sintética , Paládio/química , Estereoisomerismo
15.
Chem Sci ; 9(11): 2892-2897, 2018 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29732073

RESUMO

Molecular materials possessing phototunable fluorescence properties have attracted great interest owing to their potential applications in optical switches and storage. However, most fluorescence modulation is realized through light-responsive structural isomerization in solution. It is a formidable challenge to achieve phototunable fluorescence emission with high fatigue resistance and a fast response rate in the solid state for the development of devices. Here, a mononuclear compound was constructed via the coordination of fluorophores with FeII ions, whose electronic configuration changed from low spin to high spin upon light irradiation. The photoinduced spin crossover of FeII ions was accompanied by a 20% increase in the fluorescence emission intensity. A temperature-dependent spectroscopic study together with time-dependent density functional theory calculations revealed that the effective spectral overlap between the emission of the fluorophores and the absorption band of the FeII ions differed between the low spin and high spin states. The photoinduced spin crossover switched the energy transfer from the fluorophore to the FeII ion, resulting in fluorescence modulation. The presented results provide a novel approach for developing optical memory and sensors via electron rearrangement of photoinduced spin crossover.

16.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2018 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29797504

RESUMO

Interleukin (IL)-33/ST2 pathway plays crucial roles in tumour growth and metastasis. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of two functional polymorphisms (IL-33 rs7025417 and ST2 rs3821204) with osteosarcoma (OS) risk. The rs7025417 and rs3821204 were genotyped by Taqman assay. IL-33mRNA and protein levels were measured by real-time PCR or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The luciferase activity was measured by a dual luciferase reporter gene assay. The allele-specific transcription factor binding for rs7025417 was examined by ChIP-seq. The IL-33 rs7025417 CC genotype was significantly associated with a decreased risk of OS (CC vs TT: OR = 0.59, 95% CI, 0.41-0.85; recessive model: OR = 0.68, 95% CI, 0.49-0.94; C vs T: OR = 0.76, 95% CI, 0.63-0.91). Combined analysis showed that the IL-33 rs7025417CT/CC-ST2 rs3821204CG/CC and the IL-33 rs7025417CT/CC-ST2 rs3821204GG genotypes also had a decreased risk of OS. IL-33mRNA and protein levels in OS patients were significantly higher than controls. Patients with the rs7025417 CC genotype exhibited lower levels of IL-33 (P = .03). The rs7025417 C allele presented a lower transcriptional activity by disrupting the binding site to c-Myb (P < .01). Moreover, the rs3821204 G/C influences the transcriptional activity and ST2mRNA expression by altering the binding site of miR-202-3p. These findings suggest that the rs7025417 and rs3821204 may have a combined effect to protect against the development of OS by decreasing the expression levels of IL-33 or ST2.

17.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2018 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29770567

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the association of genetic polymorphisms in the promoter region of miR-17-92 with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The gene polymorphism was analysed using SNaPshot in 312 SLE patients and 396 controls. Relative expression of miR-17-92 was measured by quantitative real-time PCR. Association was found between rs9515692 and a decreased risk of SLE (CT vs CC: OR = 0.65, 95%CI, 0.46-0.92, P = .014; CT+TT vs CC: OR = 0.64, 95%CI, 0.46-0.90, P = .009; T vs C: OR = 0.69, 95%CI, 0.52-0.92, P = .010, respectively). Haplotype analysis showed that C-G-G, C-A-A haplotypes were associated with an increased SLE risk (OR=4.46, 95%CI, 2.17-9.17, P < 0.001; OR=2.33, 95%CI, 1.44-3.76, P < 0.001, respectively). T allele and CT+TT genotypes in rs9515692 were associated with decreased risk of anti-dsDNA in SLE (CT+TT vs CC: OR = 0.42, 95%CI = 0.24-0.72, P = .002; T vs A: OR = 0.49, 95%CI = 0.31-0.79, P = .003). Moreover, rs9515692 CT+TT genotypes had a higher level of miR-17 as compared to CC genotype (P = .017). These findings suggest that the rs9515692 CT+TT genotypes were a protective factor for the susceptibility of SLE, probably by increasing the expression of miR-17.

19.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 971, 2018 01 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29343763

RESUMO

The levels of serum S100B were elevated in patients with ischemic stroke (IS), which may be a novel biomarker for diagnosing IS. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of S100B polymorphisms and serum S100B with IS risk. We genotyped the S100B polymorphisms rs9722, rs9984765, rs2839356, rs1051169 and rs2186358 in 396 IS patients and 398 controls using polymerase chain reaction-single base extension (SBE-PCR). Serum S100B levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Rs9722 was associated with an increased risk of IS (AA vs. GG: adjusted OR = 2.172, 95% CI, 1.175-4.014, P = 0.013; dominant: adjusted OR = 1.507, 95% CI, 1.071-2.123, P = 0.019; recessive: adjusted OR = 1.846, 95% CI, 1.025-3.323, P = 0.041; additive: adjusted OR=1.371, 95% CI, 1.109-1.694, P = 0.003). The A-C-C-C-A haplotype was associated with an increased risk of IS (OR = 1.325, 95% CI, 1.035-1.696, P = 0.025). In addition, individuals carrying the rs9722 GA/AA genotypes had a higher serum S100B compared with the rs9722 GG genotype in IS patients (P = 0.018). Our results suggest that the S100B gene rs9722 polymorphism may contribute to the susceptibility of IS, probably by promoting the expression of serum S100B.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Isquemia Encefálica/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Subunidade beta da Proteína Ligante de Cálcio S100/genética , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/genética , Feminino , Frequência do Gene/genética , Haplótipos/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Crescimento Neural/genética , Fatores de Risco
20.
Cytokine ; 104: 92-97, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29017771

RESUMO

Interleukin (IL) 13 plays a critical role in inflammatory diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). This study aims to explore the potential association of IL-13 polymorphisms with the risk of SLE. We genotyped IL-13 rs20541, rs848 and rs1295686 using Snapshot SNP genotyping assays. Plasma IL-13 level was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). We found that rs20541 was associated with increased risk of SLE (CT vs. CC: adjusted OR=1.43, 95%CI, 1.04-1.99, P=.030; TT vs. CC: adjusted OR=1.73, 95%CI, 1.10-2.73, P=.018; CT/TT vs. CC: adjusted OR=1.50, 95%CI, 1.10-2.04, P=.010; T vs. C adjusted OR=1.34, 95%CI, 1.08-1.93, P=.031). CT and TT genotypes in rs20541 were associated with increased risk of renal disorder in SLE (CT vs. CC: adjusted OR=1.97, 95%CI, 1.18-3.28, P=.009; TT vs. CC: adjusted OR=2.42, 95%CI, 1.22-4.77, P=.011). Moreover, The concentration of IL-13 was significantly elevated in rs20541 CT/TT genotypes compared with CC genotype (P<.001). These results suggest that rs20541 CT/TT genotypes may be a risk factor for SLE, probably by increasing the level of IL-13.


Assuntos
Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Interleucina-13/sangue , Interleucina-13/genética , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/sangue , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Adulto , Alelos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Haplótipos/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco
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