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1.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 9485273, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34859104

RESUMO

Background: MutS homolog 2 (MSH2), with the function of identifying mismatches and participating in DNA repair, is the "housekeeping gene" in the mismatch repair (MMR) system. MSH2 deficiency has been reported to enhance cancer susceptibility for the association of hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer. However, the expression and prognostic significance of MSH2 have not been studied from the perspective of pan-cancer. Methods: The GTEx database was used to analyze the expression of MSH2 in normal tissues. The TCGA database was used to analyze the differential expression of MSH2 in pan-cancers. The prognostic value of MSH2 in pan-cancer was assessed using Cox regression and Kaplan-Meier analysis. Spearman correlations were used to measure the relationship between the expression level of MSH2 in pan-cancer and the level of immune infiltration, tumor mutational burden (TMB), and microsatellite instability (MSI). Results: MSH2 is highly expressed in most type of cancers and significantly correlated with prognosis. In COAD, KIRC, LIHC, and SKCM, the expression of MSH2 was significantly positively correlated with the abundance of B cells, CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells, dendritic cells, macrophages, and neutrophils. In THCA, MSH2 expression correlated with CD8+T Cell showed a significant negative correlation. MSH2 had significantly negative correlations with stromal score and immune score in a variety of cancers and significantly correlated with TMB and MSI of a variety of tumors. Conclusions: MSH2 may play an important role in the occurrence, development, and immune infiltration of cancer. MSH2 can emerge as a potential biomarker for cancer diagnosis and prognosis.

2.
Reprod Biol Endocrinol ; 19(1): 168, 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34753504

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM), a chronic metabolic disease, severely impairs male reproductive function. However, the underpinning mechanisms are still incompletely defined, and there are no effective strategies or medicines for these reproductive lesions. Icariin (ICA), the main active component extracted from Herba epimedii, is a flavonoid traditionally used to treat testicular dysfunction. Whether ICA can improve male reproductive dysfunction caused by DM and its underlying mechanisms are still unclear. In this study, by employing metformin as a comparative group, we evaluated the protective effects of ICA on male reproductive damages caused by DM and explored the possible mechanisms. METHODS: Rats were fed with a high fat diet (HFD) and then intraperitoneally injected with streptozotocin (STZ) to induce diabetes. Diabetic rats were randomly divided into T2DM + saline group, T2DM + metformin group and T2DM + ICA group. Rats without the treatment of HFD and STZ were used as control group. The morphology of testicular tissues was examined by histological staining. The mRNA expression levels were determined by quantitative real-time PCR. Immunostaining detected the protein levels of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF-1α) and sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) in testicular tissues. TUNEL assay was performed to determine cell apoptosis in the testicular tissues. The protein expression levels of HIF-1α and SIRT1 in the testicular tissues were determined by western blot assay. RESULTS: ICA effectively improved male reproductive dysfunction of diabetic rats. ICA administration significantly decreased fasting blood glucose (FBG) and insulin resistance index (IRI). In addition, ICA increased testis weight, epididymis weight, sperm number, sperm motility and the cross-sectional area of seminiferous tubule. ICA recovered the number of spermatogonia, primary spermatocytes and Sertoli cells. Furthermore, ICA upregulated the expression of PCNA, activated SRIT1-HIF-1α signaling pathway, and inhibited intrinsic mitochondria dependent apoptosis pathway by upregulating the expression of Bcl-2 and downregulating the expression of Bax and caspase 3. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that ICA could attenuate male reproductive dysfunction of diabetic rats possibly via increasing cell proliferation and decreasing cell apoptosis of testis. ICA potentially represents a novel therapeutic strategy against DM-induced testicular damages.

3.
Mol Genet Genomics ; 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34786636

RESUMO

Brassica juncea is one of a unique vegetable in China, its tumorous stem can be processed into pickle or as fresh vegetable. For a long time, early-bolting as a main factor affects yield and quality of B. juncea, which happens about 15% all year round. As plant specific blue light receptors, FKF1/LKP2 involved in photoperiod flowering. To analyze the expression levels of BjuFKF1/BjuLKP2 and screen their interaction proteins in B. juncea, qRT-PCR and yeast two hybrid assays were recruited. qRT-PCR assays found that the expression levels of BjuFKF1 and BjuLKP2 were up-regulated expressed under both white and blue light. When under different light, BjuFKF1 was significantly increased at vegetative growth stage, but decreased in flowers under blue light. For BjuLKP2, its expression levels did not show significant changes under different light treatment. To investigate interaction proteins, BjuFKF1 and BjuLKP2 were used as bait proteins, and nine potential proteins were screened from yeast library. Yeast two hybrid assays was recruited to further verify their interaction, the results showed that both BjuFKF1 and BjuLKP2 interacted with BjuCOL, BjuCOL3, BjuCOL5, BjuAP2, BjuAP2-1 and BjuSKP1f, only BjuLKP2 interacted with BjuSVP-1 and BjuCDF1 in vivo. In this study, BjuFKF1 and BjuLKP2 were up-regulated expressed under both white and blue light. Yeast two hybrid results verified that BjuFKF1 and BjuLKP2 interacted with six and eight of those nine proteins in vivo, respectively. All of those results will provided reference genes to study BjuFKF1/BjuLKP2 regulated flowering pathway in B. juncea.

4.
Chemosphere ; : 132980, 2021 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34813852

RESUMO

Because of the large amount of pesticides discharged into rivers, adverse effects could be induced to aquatic organisms. Daphnia magna is often used as an indicator organism to evaluate the toxicity of pesticides. In this study, a quantitative structure-toxicity relationship (QSTR) model was established based on norm descriptors for predicting the acute toxicity of pesticides to Daphnia magna. The model results showed the good predictability (Rtraining2 = 0.8045, Rtesting2 = 0.8224). The validation results of internal validation, external validation, Y-randomization test and application domain analysis demonstrated the model's stability, reliability and robustness. Therefore, the above results indicate that norm descriptors might be universal for describing the relationship between the toxicity and structures of pesticides compounds. Moreover, some pesticides' toxicities without experimental data were also predicted by this model.

5.
Front Pediatr ; 9: 751386, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34778142

RESUMO

Background: Until now, the factor of tuberculous empyema (TE) in children with pleural tuberculosis (TB) remains unclear. Therefore, a retrospective study was conducted to assess the factors associated with the presence of TE in children. Methods: Between January 2006 and December 2019, consecutive children patients (≤ 15 years old) with suspected pleural TB were selected for further analysis. Empyema was defined as grossly purulent pleural fluid. The demographic, clinical, laboratory, and radiographic features were collected from the electrical medical records retrospectively. Univariate and multivariate logistic regressions were used to explore the factors associated with the presence of TE in children with pleural TB. Results: A total of 154 children with pleural TB (definite, 123 cases; possible, 31 cases) were included in our study and then were classified as TE (n = 27) and Non-TE (n = 127) groups. Multivariate analysis revealed that surgical treatment (age- and sex-adjusted OR = 92.0, 95% CI: 11.7, 721.3), cavity (age- and sex-adjusted OR = 39.2, 95% CI: 3.2, 476.3), pleural LDH (>941 U/L, age- and sex-adjusted OR = 14.8, 95% CI: 2.4, 90.4), and temperature (>37.2°C, age- and sex-adjusted OR = 0.08, 95% CI: 0.01, 0.53) were associated with the presence of TE in children with pleural TB. Conclusion: Early detection of the presence of TE in children remains a challenge and several characteristics, such as surgical treatment, lung cavitation, high pleural LDH level, and low temperature, were identified as factors of the presence of TE in children with pleural TB. These findings may improve the management of childhood TE.

6.
Front Genet ; 12: 728476, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34603388

RESUMO

Purpose: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most prevalent malignant diseases worldwide and has a poor prognosis. Gene-based prognostic models have been reported to predict the overall survival of patients with HCC. Unfortunately, most of the genes used in earlier prognostic models lack prospective validation and, thus, cannot be used in clinical practice. Methods: Candidate genes were selected from GEPIA (Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis), and their associations with patients' survival were confirmed by RT-PCR using cDNA tissue microarrays established from patients with HCC after radical resection. A multivariate Cox proportion model was used to calculate the coefficient of corresponding gene. The expression of seven genes of interest (MKI67, AR, PLG, DNASE1L3, PTTG1, PPP1R1A, and TTR) with two reference genes was defined to calculate a risk score which determined groups of different risks. Results: Our risk scoring efficiently classified patients (n = 129) with HCC into a low-, intermediate-, and high-risk group. The three groups showed meaningful distinction of 3-year overall survival rate, i.e., 88.9, 74.5, and 20.6% for the low-, intermediate-, and high-risk group, respectively. The prognostic prediction model of risk scores was subsequently verified using an independent prospective cohort (n = 77) and showed high accuracy. Conclusion: Our seven-gene signature model performed excellent long-term prediction power and provided crucially guiding therapy for patients who are not a candidate for surgery.

7.
Inorg Chem ; 60(22): 17258-17267, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34708656

RESUMO

Plasmonics, especially the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) in non-noble metal bismuth nanoparticles (Bi NPs), and its spectral features and applications have stimulated increasing research interest in recent years. However, the lack of mature methods to prepare Bi NPs with a well-controlled size and/or shape significantly limits the experimental investigations concerning the LSPR optical properties. Herein, we realize the size-tunable synthesis of nearly monodisperse spherical Bi NPs through a thiolate pyrolysis reaction in solution. The instantaneous thermolysis of a layered molecular intermediate, bismuth dodecanethiolate [Bi(SC12H25)3], results in a classical LaMer mechanism for the nucleation and growth of Bi NPs, allowing for a precise size control from 65 to 205 nm in the average diameter. The diameter tunability enables a systematic study on the size dependence of LSPR optical properties of Bi NPs, and we observe rich ultraviolet-visible-near-infrared spectral responses arising from the LSPR absorption and scattering of Bi NPs as their size varies, which will greatly benefit the light harvesting and manipulation in the solar spectrum. Furthermore, we find that a complete oxidation occurs to Bi NPs under air flow at the temperature when they melt and accordingly generate metastable tetragonal-phase ß-Bi2O3 NPs that show an optical band gap of 2.15 eV and interesting temperature-dependent ß â†’ α → δ → (γ + ß) polymorphic transitions.

8.
Bioengineered ; 12(1): 7104-7118, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34546850

RESUMO

As a common gynecologic disease, endometriosis (EM) poses a threat to the reproductive health of about 10% women globally. Recent studies have revealed that circular RNAs (circRNAs) are deeply implicated in EM pathogenesis. However, the functions of circPIP5K1A in EM have not been studied yet. Our study intended to uncover the molecular mechanism of circPIP5K1A in EM. In this work, gene and protein expressions were determined by RT-qPCR or Western blotting. CCK-8, wound healing, transwell, and flow cytometry assays were conducted to analyze cell viability, migration, invasion, cell cycle, and apoptosis. Additionally, bioinformatics analysis, dual-luciferase reporter assay, as well as RIP assay were performed to investigate the combination between miR-153-3p and circPIP5K1A or TMSB4X. Herein, we found remarkable high circPIP5K1A expression in EM tissues and cells. Silencing of circPIP5K1A suppressed proliferation, restrained cell cycle, increased cell apoptosis, and decreased migration and invasion in EM cells. In addition, miR-153-3p inhibition could abrogate the impacts of circPIP5K1A knockdown on EM progression in vitro. Also, we found that circPIP5K1A regulated TMSB4X level via interaction with miR-153-3p in EM cells. Besides, circPIP5K1A promoted EM progression via TMSB4X. Moreover, TMSB4X could activate the TGF-ß signaling in hEM15A cells. To sum up, our study elucidated that circPIP5K1A accelerated EM progression in vitro by activating the TGF-ß signaling pathway via the miR-153-3p/TMSB4X axis, providing a potential clinical target for EM treatment.

9.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(37): 44086-44095, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34516075

RESUMO

Lipid droplets (LDs) play indispensable roles in numerous physiological processes; hence, the visualization of the dynamic behavior of LDs in living cells is of great importance in physiological and pathological research. In this article, the quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) theory was employed as an effective design strategy for the development of organelle-targeting carbon dots (CDs). The lipid-water partition coefficient (Log P) of the QSAR was adopted as a key parameter to predict the cellular uptake and subcellular localization of CDs in live cells. By carefully adjusting the molecular structure and lipophilicity of the precursors, p-phenylenediamine-derivatized nucleolus-targeting hydrophilic CDs were converted to lipophilic CDs [4-piperidinoaniline (PA) CDs] with inherent LD-targeting performance. The PA CDs were able to indicate the dynamic behavior of LDs and visualize the changes of bisphenol A-induced nonalcoholic fatty liver disease-like changes in a cellular model. The QSAR strategy of CDs demonstrated here is expected to be increasingly exploited as a powerful design tool for developing various organelle-targeting CDs.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34574769

RESUMO

Solid fuel combustion is an important source of the release of rare earth elements (REEs) into the ambient environment, resulting in potential adverse effects on human cardiovascular health. Our study aimed to identify reliable exposure biomarkers of REE intake and their potential role in blood pressure change. A total of 24 rats were administered with 14 REE chlorides at four doses (six rats per group). Fur samples were collected both before and after administration. Blood samples were collected after 12 weeks of REE intake. The REE concentrations in rat fur and blood samples were measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. For each week, blood pressure, as well as heart rate and pulse pressure, were measured. The linear mixed-effect model was used to analyze the relationship between REE administration dose and blood pressure change. We found that the REE concentration in fur, but not blood, samples exhibited significant dose-response relationships with administration dose. It suggested that hair samples are a more efficient matrix for indicating the exposure level of a population to REEs than blood samples. However, there was no dose-response relationships between the administration dose and blood pressure change of rats, or with heart rate and pulse pressure for the 14 REEs. We also did not find a dose-response relationship between REE administration levels and plasma concentration of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine, as an important DNA oxidative stress damage biomarker. In conclusion, hair samples are more suitable as a sample type to reliably assess exposure to REEs than blood samples, and REEs did not have a direct adverse effect on blood pressure in our rat model.


Assuntos
Experimentação Animal , Metais Terras Raras , Animais , Biomarcadores , Pressão Sanguínea , Cloretos , Metais Terras Raras/toxicidade , Ratos
11.
Front Plant Sci ; 12: 700623, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34367220

RESUMO

In vitro propagation technology with plant growth regulators (PGRs) is generally applied in the cultivation of Scabiosa tschiliensis, which can solve collection difficulties and limited resources of S. tschiliensis. Nevertheless, comprehensive metabolomic evaluation on S. tschiliensis with PGR effects is still lacking. In this work, a non-targeted metabolomics approach, coupled with statistical and pathway enrichment analysis, was used to assess the regulatory influences of 6-benzylaminopurine (6-BA) and kinetin (KT) applied in S. tschiliensis. The results showed that the PGRs affect metabolism differentially, and the addition of 6-BA and KT can increase different secondary metabolites. In the two PGR groups, some primary metabolites such as L-phenylalanine, L-tyrosine, L-arginine, L-asparagine, and D-proline were significantly reduced. We suspect that under the action of PGRs, these decreased amino acids are derived into secondary metabolites such as umbelliferone, chlorogenic acid, and glutathione. Additionally, some of those secondary metabolites have a biological activity and can also promote the plant growth. Our results provide a basis for the targeted cultivation and utilization of S. tschiliensis, especially the expression of metabolites related to PGR application.

12.
Cell Signal ; 86: 110115, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34375670

RESUMO

To investigate the impact of oncogenic protein kinase C isoform ι (PKCι) on the microenvironment and the immunogenic properties of pancreatic tumors, we prohibit PKCι activity in various pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) cell lines and co-culture them with human natural killer NK92 cells. The results demonstrate that PKCι suppression enhances the susceptibility of PDAC to NK cytotoxicity and promotes the degranulation and cytolytic activity of co-cultured NK92 cells. Mechanistic studies pinpoint that downstream of KRAS, both YAP1 and STAT3 are recruited by oncogenic PKCι to elevate the expression of PDL1, contributing to constitute an immune suppressive microenvironment in PDAC. Co-culture with NK92 further induces PDL1 upregulation via STAT3 to stimulate immune escape of PDAC cells. Subsequently, inhibition of PKCι in PDAC alleviates the immune suppression and enhances the cytotoxicity of NK92 towards PDAC through restraining PDL1 overexpression. Combined with PD1/PDL1 blocker, PKCι inhibitor remarkably elevates the cytotoxicity of NK92 against PDAC cells in vitro, establishing PKCι inhibitor as a promising candidate for boosting the immunotherapy of PDAC.

13.
J Int Med Res ; 49(8): 3000605211033193, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34344218

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to explore the effect of individualized medical nutrition guidance on pregnancy outcomes among older pregnant women. METHODS: This was a prospective study using a randomized controlled trial design. We selected 820 older pregnant women and randomly divided them into a study group and control group (410 women each). The control group was given routine health education and nutrition guidance; the study group was provided individualized medical nutrition guidance. Gestational diabetes mellitus, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, vaginal delivery rate, postpartum hemorrhage rate, gestational body weight, neonatal birth weight, and neonate transfer to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) were compared between the groups. RESULTS: The incidence of gestational diabetes in the study group was significantly lower and the rate of vaginal delivery was significantly higher than those in the control group. The incidence of macrosomia, rate of neonatal transfer to the NICU, and rate of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia were significantly lower in the study group than those in the control group. CONCLUSIONS: Individualized nutritional intervention for older pregnant women can effectively reduce the incidence of complications during pregnancy and childbirth and improve maternal and child outcomes.


Assuntos
Diabetes Gestacional , Resultado da Gravidez , Idoso , Peso ao Nascer , Criança , Diabetes Gestacional/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Gestantes , Estudos Prospectivos
14.
Toxicology ; 459: 152860, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34280466

RESUMO

Di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) is considered as a potential modifier of puberty. However, different results indicate that DBP plays an accelerated, delayed, or neutral role in the initiation of puberty. Furthermore, whether the effect of DBP on puberty will disrupt the function of reproductive system in the adults is still ambiguous. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the effect of maternal exposure to DBP on the onset of puberty in male offspring mice and the subsequent changes in the development of reproductive system. Here, pregnant mice were treated with 0 (control), 50, 250, or 500 mg/kg/day DBP in 1 mL/kg corn oil administered daily by oral gavage from gestation day (GD) 12.5 to parturition. Compared with the control group, the 50 mg/kg/day DBP group accelerated puberty onset and testicular development were quite remarkable in male offspring mice during early puberty. Furthermore, in 22-day male offspring mice, 50 mg/kg/day DBP induced increased levels of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and testosterone in serum, and promoted the expression of steroidogenesis-related genes in the testes. Testicular Leydig cells (LCs) were isolated from the testes of 3-week-old mice and treated with 0 (control), 0.1, 1 mM monobutyl phthalate (MBP, the active metabolite of DBP) for 24 h. Consistent with the in vivo results, the expression of steroidogenesis-related genes and testosterone production were increased in LCs following exposure to 0.1 mM MBP. In adulthood, testes of the male offspring mice exposed to all doses of DBP exhibited adverse morphology compared with the control group. These results demonstrated that maternal exposure to 50 mg/kg/day DBP induced earlier puberty and precocious development of the testis, and eventually damaged the reproductive system in the later life.


Assuntos
Dibutilftalato/toxicidade , Disruptores Endócrinos/toxicidade , Maturidade Sexual/efeitos dos fármacos , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Testículo/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Animais , Barreira Hematotesticular/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Hormônios Esteroides Gonadais/análise , Hormônios Esteroides Gonadais/metabolismo , Células Intersticiais do Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Intersticiais do Testículo/metabolismo , Masculino , Exposição Materna , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Ácidos Ftálicos , Gravidez , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Espermatogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Esteroides/biossíntese
15.
Opt Lett ; 46(13): 3115-3118, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34197394

RESUMO

We demonstrate, to the best of our knowledge, the first double-pass pre-chirp managed fiber amplifier. The double-pass fiber amplifier exhibits high gain allowing us to amplify chirped picosecond pulses from 20 mW to 113 W in a rod-type Yb-fiber corresponding to 38 dB gain. We study the dependence of static mode degradation (SMD) on the nonlinear phase shift (NPS) accumulated by the amplified pulse. Our results indicate that a larger nonlinear phase shift results in stronger nonlinear polarization evolution of the fundamental mode and leads to a lower threshold for SMD. After optimization, our pre-chirp managed amplifier seeded by 80 mW pulses delivers 102 W amplified power from the main output. The amplified pulses are compressed to 37 (55) fs with 90 (100) W average power by a grating pair (chirped mirrors). The double-pass configuration significantly simplifies the implementation of pre-chirp managed fiber amplifiers leading to an extremely compact system.

16.
Inorg Chem ; 60(15): 10899-10908, 2021 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34260206

RESUMO

Effective and selective separation of technetium from acidic nuclear liquid waste is highly desirable for partitioning and transmutation but is of significant challenge. Highly efficient extraction of pertechnetate can be achieved by taking H-bonding and electrostatic interaction combined strategy. Base on this strategy, an amine-amide ligand NTAamide(n-Oct) was employed to extract TcO4- in HNO3 solution. Using n-dodecane as a diluent, NTAamide(n-Oct) demonstrated excellent extractability and good selectivity toward TcO4- with a rapid extraction equilibrium that could be reached in less than 1 min. Its maximal loading capacity for TcO4- was almost 100 times as much as that of traditional amine extractant Aliquat-336 nitrate. Meanwhile, TcO4- could be efficiently stripped from the loaded organic phase by (NH4)2CO3 solution. Slope analysis indicated the formation of a 1:1 complex of NTAamide(n-Oct) with TcO4-. The extraction conformed to the anion exchange extraction model, as confirmed by analyses of single-crystal X-ray diffraction, 1H NMR titration, FTIR, and ESI-MS.

17.
Front Immunol ; 12: 702580, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34267763

RESUMO

Macrophages exist in most tissues of the body, where they perform various functions at the same time equilibrating with other cells to maintain immune responses in numerous diseases including cancer. Recently, emerging investigations revealed that metabolism profiles control macrophage phenotypes and functions, and in turn, polarization can trigger metabolic shifts in macrophages. Those findings implicate a special role of metabolism in tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) because of the sophisticated microenvironment in cancer. Glucose is the major energy source of cells, especially for TAMs. However, the complicated association between TAMs and their glucose metabolism is still unclearly illustrated. Here, we review the recent advances in macrophage and glucose metabolism within the tumor microenvironment, and the significant transformations that occur in TAMs during the tumor progression. Additionally, we have also outlined the potential implications for macrophage-based therapies in cancer targeting TAMs.

18.
Ann Med ; 53(1): 885-889, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34124971

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although abnormal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) protein can be used to predict the outcome of tuberculous meningitis (TBM) and diagnose TBM, normal CSF protein remains a concern in patients with TBM. This retrospective study aimed to assess the clinical characteristics associated with normal CSF protein, to resolve the dilemma of CSF protein in the management of childhood TBM. METHODS: Between January 2006 and December 2019, consecutive child patients (≤15 years old, a diagnosis of TBM, and tested for CSF protein) were included for analysis. CSF protein was tested on a chemistry analyzer using the pyrogallol red-molybdate method. Abnormal CSF protein was defined as >450 mg/L. Patient characteristics were collected from the electronic medical records. Then, characteristics associated with normal CSF protein were estimated in the study, using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: A total of 125 children who met the criteria were enrolled during the study period. Twenty-nine patients had a normal CSF protein and 96 had an abnormal CSF protein. Multivariate analysis (Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test: χ2=2.486, df = 8, p = .962) revealed that vomiting (age- and sex-adjusted OR = 0.253, 95% CI: 0.091, 0.701; p = .008) and serum glucose (>5.08 mmol/L; age- and sex-adjusted OR = 0.119, 95% CI: 0.032, 0.443; p = .002) were associated with the normal CSF protein in childhood TBM. CONCLUSION: In suspected childhood TBM, patients without vomiting or having low serum glucose are easy to present with normal CSF protein. Hence, when interpreting the level of CSF protein in children with such characteristics, a careful clinical assessment is required.KEY MESSAGESIn suspected childhood tuberculous meningitis, patients without vomiting or having low serum glucose are easy to present with normal CSF protein. Hence, when interpreting the level of CSF protein in children with such characteristics, a careful clinical assessment is required.


Assuntos
Proteínas do Líquido Cefalorraquidiano , Líquido Cefalorraquidiano , Tuberculose Meníngea , Adolescente , Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/química , Criança , Glucose , Humanos , Análise Multivariada , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tuberculose Meníngea/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Tuberculose Meníngea/diagnóstico , Vômito
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34111011

RESUMO

Graph neural networks, which generalize deep learning to graph-structured data, have achieved significant improvements in numerous graph-related tasks. Petri nets (PNs), on the other hand, are mainly used for the modeling and analysis of various event-driven systems from the perspective of prior knowledge, mechanisms, and tasks. Compared with graph data, net data can simulate the dynamic behavioral features of systems and are more suitable for representing real-world problems. However, the problem of large-scale data analysis has been puzzling the PN field for decades, and thus, limited its universal applicability. In this article, a framework of net learning (NL) is proposed. NL contains the advantages of PN modeling and analysis with the advantages of graph learning computation. Then, two kinds of NL algorithms are designed for performance analysis of stochastic PNs, and more specifically, the hidden feature information of the PN is obtained by mapping net information to the low-dimensional feature space. Experiments demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed model and algorithms on the performance analysis of stochastic PNs.

20.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(12): 16009-16023, 2021 06 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34096887

RESUMO

In this study, we investigated the effects of calycosin on breast cancer cell progression and their underlying mechanisms. Calycosin dose- and time-dependently inhibited proliferation, migration, and invasion by T47D and MCF-7 breast cancer cells by downregulating basic leucine zipper ATF-like transcription factor (BATF) expression. Moreover, BATF promoted breast cancer cell migration and invasiveness by increasing TGFß1 mRNA and protein levels. Bioinformatics analysis, dual luciferase reporter assays, and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays confirmed the presence of BATF-binding sites in the promoter sequence of TGFß1 gene. Calycosin treatment inhibited epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of breast cancer cells by significantly increasing E-cadherin levels and decreasing N-cadherin, Vimentin, CD147, MMP-2, and MMP-9 levels through downregulation of BATF and TGFß1. TGFß1 knockdown reduced the migration and invasiveness of BATF-overexpressing breast cancer cells, whereas incubation with TGFß1 enhanced the migration and invasiveness of calycosin-treated breast cancer cells. Our findings demonstrated that calycosin inhibited EMT and progression of breast cancer cells by suppressing BATF/TGFß1 signaling. This suggests calycosin would be a promising therapeutic option for breast cancer patients.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina Básica/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Isoflavonas/farmacologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Sequência de Bases , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Progressão da Doença , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Invasividade Neoplásica , Metástase Neoplásica
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