Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 41
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Dev Comp Immunol ; : 104127, 2021 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33965447

RESUMO

CC chemokine ligand 19 (CCL19) plays a key role in the regulation of immune responses including homeostasis, inflammation, and immune tolerance. In this study, two variants of CCL19 homologues (CCL19a2 and CCL19b) and CCR7 were investigated in grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella. The three genes were widely expressed in immune tissues and could be modulated by stimulation with LPS, PHA and poly(I:C), and infection with Flavobacterium columnare and grass carp reovirus. In an in vitro chemotaxis assay, the recombinant CCL19a2 and CCL19b were active to promote the migration of HEK293 T cells expressing CCR7 and leucocytes isolated from the gills, head kidney and spleen. Moreover, their chemotactive effects were validated in vivo. We found that the cells recruited by CCL19a2 and CCl19b are mainly monocytes/macrophages expressing high levels of IL-1ß, IFN-γ, colony stimulating factor 1 receptor (CSF1R) and MHC II. Our work suggests that CCL19a2 and CCl19b are involved in recruitment of antigen presenting cells in fish.

2.
Gene ; 789: 145668, 2021 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33882323

RESUMO

Group II C-type lectin domain (CTLD) containing receptors belong to a large family of pattern recognition receptors which mainly act on the innate immunity. They are structurally related and consist of a cytoplasmic immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM) and a single extracellular CTLD. Although they have been described in teleost fish, their involvement in immune responses is not well understood. In this study, four immune-related lectin-like receptors (termed CiILLR1 and CiILLR5-7), belonging to the group II CTLD receptors, were identified in grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). They contain a short cytoplasmic tail and a single CTLD in the extracellular region. The CiILLR1 has a WxHxxxxxY motif similar to the WxHxxxxY motif which is required for the recognition of ß-glucans by some of the group II CTLD containing lectins in mammals. Further, a modified QPD motif (EPD) known to be involved in binding to carbohydrate ligands is present in the CiILLR1, 5 and 6. However, CiILLR7 lacks these motifs. Expression analysis revealed that they were constitutively expressed in the head kidney and spleen. Moreover, CiILLR1, 5 and 6 could be up-regulated in the head kidney and spleen of fish after infection with Flavobacterium columnare and in the primary head kidney leukocytes by LPS and PHA. Expression of CiILLR1, CiILLR5 and CiILLR6 were mainly detected in the enriched lymphocytes whilst CiILLR7 was expressed in the enriched monocytes/macrophages. The results expand existing knowledge on the immune responses of the C-type lectin receptors in teleost fish.

3.
Gene ; 780: 145487, 2021 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33588039

RESUMO

Lipopolysaccharide-induced TNFα factor (LITAF) is an important transcription factor which activates the transcription of TNFα and regulates cell apoptosis and inflammatory response. In the present study, a LITAF gene homologue was identified in zebrafish (Danio rerio) and was shown to be well conserved in the protein sequence, genomic organization and synteny with human LITAF. DrLITAF was constitutively expressed in tissues, with the highest expression detected in the gills. Its expression could be modulated by LPS, poly(I:C), and infection with Edwardsiella tarda, Aeromonus hydrophila and septicemia viremia of carp virus (SVCV). DrLITAF, when overexpressed, was shown to be located on the cellular membrane and nuclear membrane of HEK293T and ZF4 cells and was associated with the endoplasmic reticulum. Stimulation with LPS resulted in rapid translocation of DrLITAF into the nucleus. In addition, DrLITAF was able to induce cell apoptosis and the expression of caspase 3. The results demonstrate that DrLITAF is involved in the immune defence against bacterial and viral infection and plays a role in regulating inflammation and apoptosis.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/biossíntese , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Proteínas de Membrana/biossíntese , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/biossíntese , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Aeromonas hydrophila/metabolismo , Animais , Edwardsiella tarda/metabolismo , Infecções por Enterobacteriaceae/metabolismo , Doenças dos Peixes/induzido quimicamente , Doenças dos Peixes/metabolismo , Doenças dos Peixes/microbiologia , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/metabolismo , Humanos , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/microbiologia
4.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 114: 103791, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32784010

RESUMO

CD3 is an essential component of the TCR-CD3 complex which plays a key role in adaptive immunity. Non-mammalian CD3 complex consists of CD3γ/δ, CD3ε and CD3ζ subunits. In this study, homologues of CD3γ/δ and CD3ε (termed CiCD3γ/δ and CiCD3ε) have been identified in grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). Like their counterparts from other vertebrates, the CiCD3γ/δ and CiCD3ε are clustered in the same locus in the genome and encode proteins which are structurally conserved, comprising a signal peptide, an extracellular domain, a transmembrane domain and a cytoplasmic tail containing two ITAM motifs. Sequence analyses identified two novel conserved motifs in the cytoplasmic tail of CiCD3γ/δ and CiCD3ε, one is composed of an arginine and lysine motif (RK or RR) at the C terminus of CiCD3γ/δ and a proline rich domain (PxxPxP/Q) located at the N terminus of ITAM motifs of CiCD3ε. Both genes were highly expressed at the mRNA level in the spleen and gills of healthy fish and could be modulated by infection of Flavobacterium columnare and grass carp reovirus. A monoclonal antibody against the CiCD3γ/δ (GC38T) was produced and showed good reactivity with the native molecule in Western blotting analysis and flow cytometry. The CiCD3γ/δ+ cells were analysed in the primary leucocytes, accounting for 5.5% of lymphocytes isolated from spleen, 4.5% from head kidney and 2.8% from peripheral blood. The CiCD3γ/δ+ cells were localized in the gills and head kidney by fluorescent confocal microscopy.

5.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 115: 103895, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33065202

RESUMO

Interleukin (IL) -2, a member of the four α-helical cytokine family, has broad regulatory roles in mediating vertebrate immune response. In mammals, IL-2 and IL-15 share a common evolutionary origin and possess overlapping but distinct functions. IL-2 and IL-15 bind to distinct private receptors for signaling. However, fish appear to possess a single IL-15Rα like gene whilst lack additional gene(s) coding for IL-2Rα. Whether the IL-2 and IL-15 interact with the same receptor in fish and how their functions and receptors have evolved are not fully understood. In this study, homologues of IL-2 and IL-2/15Rα were sequenced from a teleost species, grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella), and the crystal structure of IL-2 was determined. The grass carp IL-2 (termed CiIL-2) displayed a classical cytokine structure consisting of four helical bundles which shares significant similarity with human IL-15. The key amino acids involved in the interface interaction of IL-2/15 and their receptors are well conserved. The CiIL-2 has been shown to bind the IL-2/15Rα like homologue with an affinity of 2.45 nM, supporting the notion that fish IL-2 and IL-15 may share a single common private receptor for exerting functions. Syntenic analysis suggests that the IL-2Rα of tetrapods has evolved from an IL-15Rα like homologue, in which a second sushi domain (D2) in the extracellular region has been duplicated to facilitate the specific interaction with IL-2. The CiIL-2 was predominantly expressed in lymphocyte-rich tissues such as the spleen, kidney and thymus, and could be induced by PHA and IL-21. In vivo challenge with grass carp reovirus and Flavobacterium columnare also resulted in upregulation of CiIL-2 expression. The recombinant CiIL-2 was shown to activate expression of STAT5b, IL-1ß, IL-22 and IFN-γ, and to promote the proliferation of the primary cell cultures from head kidney leucocytes. Our results shed lights into the co-evolution of IL-2 and its private receptor, and the functional divergence of IL-2 and IL-15 during evolution.

6.
Dev Comp Immunol ; : 103905, 2020 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33164777

RESUMO

Chemokines are a large family of soluble peptides guiding cell migration in development and immune defense. They interact with chemokine receptors and are essential for the coordination of cell migration in diverse physiological processes. The CXC subfamily is one of the largest groups in the chemokine family and consists of multiple members. In this study, we identified homologues of three chemokine ligands (CXCL8, CXCL_F5 and CXCL12) and two CXC receptor like molecules (CXCR_L1 and CXCR_L2) in lamprey. Sequence analysis revealed that they share the same genomic organization with their counterparts in jawed vertebrates but synteny was not conserved. Lamprey CXCL8 and CXCL12 have four conserved cysteine residues whilst the CXCL_F5 has two additional cysteine residues. In addition, CXCL_F5 is evolutionarily related to the fish specific CXC chemokine groups previously identified and contains multiple cationic aa residues in the extended C- terminal region. The two CXCRs possess seven transmembrane domains and conserved structural elements for receptor activation and signaling, including the DRYXXI(V)Y motif in TM2, the disulphide bond connecting ECL2 and TM3, the WXP motif in TM6 and NPXXY motif in TM7. The identified CXC chemokines and receptors were constitutively expressed in tissues including the liver, kidney, intestine, heart, gills, supraneural body and primary leukocytes, but exhibited distinct expression patterns. Relatively high expression was detected in the gills for CXCL8, CXCL_F5 and CXCR_L1 and in the supraneural body for CXCL12 and CXCR_L2. All the genes except CXCL12 were upregulated by stimulation with LPS, pokeweed and bacterial infection, and the CXCL8 and CXCL_F5 was induced by poly (I:C). Functional analysis showed that the CXCL8 and CXCL_F5 specifically interacted with CXCR_L1 and CXCR_L2, respectively. Our results demonstrate that the CXC chemokine system had diversified in jawless fish.

7.
Front Immunol ; 11: 586889, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33178219

RESUMO

Interleukin (IL)-22 plays an important role in regulating inflammation and clearance of infectious pathogens. IL-22 homologs have been discovered in fish, but the functions and sources of IL-22 have not been fully characterized. In this study, an IL-22 homolog was identified in grass carp and its bioactivities were investigated. The grass carp IL-22 was constitutively expressed in tissues, with the highest expression detected in the gills and hindgut. It was upregulated in the spleen after infection with Flavobacterium columnare and grass carp reovirus and in the primary head kidney and spleen leukocytes stimulated with LPS and IL-34. Conversely, it was downregulated by Th2 cytokines such as IL-4/13B and IL-10. The recombinant IL-22 produced in bacteria showed a stimulatory effect on the expression of inflammatory cytokines and STAT3 in the primary head kidney leukocytes and CIK cells. Moreover, the IL-22-positive cells were found to be induced in the hindgut and head kidney 24 h after infection by F. columnare. Our data suggest that IL-22 plays an important role in regulating mucosal and systemic immunity against bacterial and viral infection.

8.
Chem Soc Rev ; 49(23): 8584-8686, 2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33073812

RESUMO

Dramatically increased CO2 concentration from several point sources is perceived to cause severe greenhouse effect towards the serious ongoing global warming with associated climate destabilization, inducing undesirable natural calamities, melting of glaciers, and extreme weather patterns. CO2 capture and utilization (CCU) has received tremendous attention due to its significant role in intensifying global warming. Considering the lack of a timely review on the state-of-the-art progress of promising CCU techniques, developing an appropriate and prompt summary of such advanced techniques with a comprehensive understanding is necessary. Thus, it is imperative to provide a timely review, given the fast growth of sophisticated CO2 capture and utilization materials and their implementation. In this work, we critically summarized and comprehensively reviewed the characteristics and performance of both liquid and solid CO2 adsorbents with possible schemes for the improvement of their CO2 capture ability and advances in CO2 utilization. Their industrial applications in pre- and post-combustion CO2 capture as well as utilization were systematically discussed and compared. With our great effort, this review would be of significant importance for academic researchers for obtaining an overall understanding of the current developments and future trends of CCU. This work is bound to benefit researchers in fields relating to CCU and facilitate the progress of significant breakthroughs in both fundamental research and commercial applications to deliver perspective views for future scientific and industrial advances in CCU.

9.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 107(Pt A): 104-117, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32971272

RESUMO

Interleukin (IL) -15 belongs to the common cytokine receptor γ chain (γC) family and has diverse functions in regulating the development, proliferation and activation of NK and T cells. It activates a hetero-trimeric receptor complex consisting of IL-2Rα, IL-2Rß and a common γ chain (γC). In this study, the full-length cDNA sequences of IL-15 and IL-2Rß were identified in grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella, Ci) and their expression profiles analysed. The CiIL-15 and CiIL-2Rß were shown to be broadly expressed in tissues, with the highest levels detected in the spleen. Moreover, the CiIL-15 and CiIL-2Rß were modulated in primary head kidney leucocytes (HKLs) and splenocytes by immunostimulants and cytokines, and in the head kidney and spleen of fish after infection of Flavobacterium columnare and grass carp reovirus. The bioactivity of bacteria derived recombinant CiIL-15 protein was evaluated in the primary leucocytes. The CiIL-15 was shown to induce signature genes of type 1 immune response (IFN-γ and T-bet) and NK cell activation (perforin and Eomesa), whilst exhibiting inhibitory effects on the genes involved in the type 2 immune response (IL-4/13, IL-10 and Gata3). Our data suggest that IL-15 is a key regulator in promoting the type 1 immune response and NK cell activation in fish.

10.
J Org Chem ; 85(22): 14664-14673, 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32924493

RESUMO

A palladium-catalyzed C-N bond coupling reaction between arylhydrazines and aryl tosylates for facile synthesis of unsymmetrical N,N-diarylhydrazines has been developed. Employing the catalyst system of Pd(TFA)2 associated with newly developed phosphine ligand L1, the monoarylation of arylhydrazine proceeds smoothly to afford desired products in good-to-excellent yields (up to 95%) with good functional group compatibility. This method provides an alternative synthetic pathway for accessing structurally diversified N,N-diarylhydrazines from simple and easily accessible coupling components.

11.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 106: 1014-1024, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32866609

RESUMO

Peptidoglycan recognition proteins (PGRPs), which are structurally conserved innate immune molecules in invertebrate and vertebrate animals, play the important roles in regulation of innate immune responses. In this paper, three PGRP genes of spotted sea bass, Lateolabrax maculatus, were cloned, designated as Ssb-PGRP2, Ssb-PGRP-L2 and Ssb-PGRP-SC2, respectively. Sequence analysis showed that the deduced amino acid sequences of Ssb-PGRP2, Ssb-PGRP-L2 and Ssb-PGRP-SC2 proteins contained respectively 468, 482 and 167 amino acid residues, and had the typical structural features of PGRPs, i.e. conserved PGRP domain and Zn2+ binding domain including four specific amino acid residues which were required for amidase activity. q-PCR analysis of total mRNA showed that the mRNA expression of three PGRP genes were detected in all the examined tissues and the expression patterns of Ssb-PGRP2, Ssb-PGRP-L2 and Ssb-PGRP-SC2 were different. After injected with LPS, Poly (I:C) and Edwardsiella tarda, there was a clear time-dependent expression pattern for each of the three PGRP genes in head kidney, spleen, intestine and gill of the spotted sea bass. In our study, three recombinant proteins corresponding to the three members of the peptidoglycan recognition protein family were expressed and purified. Moreover, all of the three recombinant PGRP proteins significantly inhibited bacterial survival and growth, and expressed bactericidal effects on Vibrio harveyi, Staphylococcus aureus and Edwardsiella tarda. In particular, it was firstly verified that their antimicrobial activity presented the superimposed effect. Overall, these findings indicated that three PGRP genes of spotted sea bass were at least involved in host defense against bacterial infections.

12.
J Agric Food Chem ; 68(30): 8068-8079, 2020 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32633946

RESUMO

The young leaves and shoots of albino tea cultivars are usually characterized as having a yellow or pale color, high amino acid, and low catechin. Increasing attention has been paid to albino tea cultivars in recent years because their tea generally shows high umami and reduced astringency. However, the genetic mechanism of yellow-leaf variation in albino tea cultivar has not been elucidated clearly. In this study, bulked segregant RNA-seq (BSR-seq) was performed on bulked yellow- and green-leaf hybrid progenies from a leaf color variation population. A total of 359 and 1134 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified in the yellow and green hybrid bulked groups (Yf vs Gf) and parent plants (Yp vs Gp), respectively. The significantly smaller number of DEGs in Yf versus Gf than in Yp versus Gp indicated that individual differences could be reduced within the same hybrid progeny. Analysis of Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes revealed that the photosynthetic antenna protein was most significantly enriched in either the bulked groups or their parents. Interaction was found among light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b -binding proteins (LHC), heat shock proteins (HSPs), and enzymes involved in cuticle formation. Combined with the transcriptomic expression profile, results showed that the repressed genes encoding LHC were closely linked to aberrant chloroplast development in yellow-leaf tea plants. Furthermore, the photoprotection and light stress response possessed by genes involved in HSP protein interaction and cuticle formation were discussed. The expression profile of DEGs was verified via quantitative real-time PCR analysis of the bulked samples and other F1 individuals. In summary, using BSR-seq on a hybrid population eliminated certain disturbing effects of genetic background and individual discrepancy, thereby helping this study to intensively focus on the key genes controlling leaf color variation in yellow-leaf tea plants.

13.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 104: 103571, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31837379

RESUMO

To elucidate the immunity-protecting role of the interferon-ß promoter stimulator-1 (ScIPS-1) in barbel chub Squaliobarbus curriculus, the full-length cDNA of ScIPS-1 was cloned and expression levels in response to stimulation were investigated. In addition, the function of ScIPS-1 and its domains were analyzed. The full-length cDNA of ScIPS-1 is 2524 bp and encodes 601 aa. The N-terminal caspase activation and recruitment domain, central proline-rich domain, C-terminal transmembrane domain, C2HC-zinc finger, and Cwf21 domains were identified. The mRNA level of ScIPS-1 was the highest in the kidney, whereas the highest protein level was observed in the liver. The ScIPS-1 expressions were significantly up-regulated after lipopolysaccharide and poly I:C treatment. The ScIPS-1 protein level was up-regulated at 12 h in the head kidney and was up-regulated at 12 h and then down-regulated from 12 to 48 h in the liver after grass carp reovirus (GCRV) infection. The CiIFN and CiMx transcription levels were significantly enhanced in pEGFP-C1-IPS-1 and pcDNA3.1-ΔCwf21 overexpressing cells after GCRV infection. The results indicate that ScIPS-1 may function in the immune response against pathogens and provide a basis for achieving resistance to diseases in fish breeding.

14.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 94: 685-696, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31546038

RESUMO

The S100 family proteins are a group of small acidic polypeptides and have diverse functions in regulating many aspects of physiological processes. They are structurally conserved and possess two EF-hands which are central for calcium-mediated functions. In this study, 14 S100 cDNA sequences were determined in zebrafish and their genomic organizations confirmed. Re-analyzing the gene synteny of the S100 loci identified two major S100 loci in Chr16 and Chr19 which share remarkable conservation with the S100 locus in human Chr1, suggesting they may have evolved from a single locus during the teleost specific whole genome duplication event. It appears that the homologues of human S100G and S100P have been lost in zebrafish. Expression analysis reveals that S100W, ICN1 and ICN2 are markedly expressed in embryos. Further, the transcripts of S100 genes are relatively abundant in mucosal tissues such as gills and gut. Intraperitoneal injection of poly(I:C) resulted in up-regulation of most S100 genes in the gut and spleen, with highest induction of S100V2 and S100Z detected. In fish challenged with spring viremia of carp virus (SVCV), expression of most S100 family genes was increased in the spleen between day 1 and 7 post infection, with consistent induction seen for the S100A1, S100A10b, S100B, S100ICN1, S100T, S100U, S100V1 and S100Z. Interestingly, intraperitoneal injection of Edwardsiella tarda down-regulated S100 expression in the gut but resulted in induction in the spleen. The results demonstrate that the S100 family genes are differentially modulated by bacterial and viral pathogens in zebrafish.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Peixes/imunologia , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Proteínas S100/genética , Transcriptoma/imunologia , Peixe-Zebra/imunologia , Animais , Edwardsiella tarda/fisiologia , Infecções por Enterobacteriaceae/imunologia , Infecções por Enterobacteriaceae/veterinária , Proteínas de Peixes/química , Proteínas de Peixes/metabolismo , Poli I-C/farmacologia , Rhabdoviridae/fisiologia , Infecções por Rhabdoviridae/imunologia , Infecções por Rhabdoviridae/veterinária , Proteínas S100/química , Proteínas S100/metabolismo
15.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 99: 103401, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31145914

RESUMO

The interleukin (IL) -1 family members play an important role in regulating inflammatory responses and their functions are mediated by a group of receptors consisting of immunoglobulin and Toll/IL-1 receptor (TIR) domains. In humans, 10 IL-1Rs are found. In this study, 5 IL-1 receptors including IL-1R3/IL-1RAcP, IL-1R8/SIGIRR, IL-1R9a/IL-1RAcPL1a, IL-1R9b/IL-1RAcPL1b and IL-1R10/IL-1RAcPL2 were identified in grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). Phylogenetic analysis reveals that the IL-1R9a/IL-1RAcPL1a and IL-1R9b/IL-1RAcPL1b share significantly high sequence similarity and are believed to have been duplicated from the same gene prior to the radiation of teleosts. Further, these two receptors closely relate to the IL-1R10/IL-1RAcPL2, suggesting that they may have evolved from a common ancestor. The IL-1R3/IL-1RAcP, IL-1R9a/IL-1RAcPL1a, IL-1R9b/IL-1RAcPL1b and IL-1R10/IL-1RAcPL2 are highly expressed in the brain. Stimulation of primary spleen leucocytes by LPS and intraperitoneal injection of fish with poly (I:C) or bacterial infection results in significant increases of IL-1R3/IL-1RAcP expression. Interestingly, the IL-1R8/SIGIRR and IL-1R10/IL-1RAcPL2 showed similar expression patterns.


Assuntos
Carpas/classificação , Carpas/imunologia , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Filogenia , Receptores de Interleucina-1/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Carpas/genética , Células Cultivadas , Evolução Molecular , Proteínas de Peixes/química , Proteínas de Peixes/imunologia , Duplicação Gênica , Expressão Gênica , Imunidade Inata/genética , Receptores de Interleucina-1/química , Receptores de Interleucina-1/metabolismo , Alinhamento de Sequência , Distribuição Tecidual
16.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 92: 91-100, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31146007

RESUMO

Interleukin (IL) 34 plays an important role in regulating macrophage functions and inflammation process. IL-34 homologues have recently been discovered in fish but the functions have not been studied. In this study, an IL-34 homologue was identified in grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella and its bioactivities were investigated. The grass carp IL-34 was constitutively expressed in tissues, with the highest expression detected in spleen. It could be up-regulated in spleen after infection with F. cloumnare and grass carp reovirus II, and in primary head kidney leucocytes by recombinant IL-4/13B. The recombinant IL-34 produced in bacteria and HEK293T cells showed stimulatory effect on the expression of IL-1ß, IL-6 and IL-8 but inhibited expression of IL-10 and TGF-ß1 in primary head kidney macrophages. The results demonstrate that IL-34 is a proinflammatory cytokine in grass carp.


Assuntos
Carpas/genética , Carpas/imunologia , Doenças dos Peixes/imunologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Imunidade Inata/genética , Interleucinas/genética , Interleucinas/imunologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Proteínas de Peixes/química , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Proteínas de Peixes/imunologia , Infecções por Flavobacteriaceae/imunologia , Infecções por Flavobacteriaceae/veterinária , Flavobacterium/fisiologia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/veterinária , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Interleucinas/química , Filogenia , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia , Reoviridae/fisiologia , Infecções por Reoviridae/imunologia , Infecções por Reoviridae/veterinária , Alinhamento de Sequência/veterinária
17.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 132: 1024-1030, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30959132

RESUMO

ADPs-1a and ADPs-3a were two kinds of pure polysaccharide in Angelica dahurica. The immunomodulatory effects of ADPs-1a and ADPs-3a were assayed on phagocytosis, nitric oxide (NO) and cytokines of RAW264.7 cells, and the mechanism was investigated through NF-κB and MAPKs signaling pathway. RAW264.7 cells were stimulated by different concentrations of ADPs-1a and ADPs-3a with LPS (1 µg/mL) as positive control. The results showed that ADPs-1a and ADPs-3a could significantly enhance the phagocytic activity of RAW264.7 cells, and enhance the ability of RAW264.7 cells to release NO, TNF-α and IL-6 in a concentration-dependent manner. At the same time, ADPs-1a and ADPs-3a could significantly up-regulate the mRNA expression of iNOS, TNF-α, IL-6 and the phosphorylation level of p65, p38, ERK, JNK proteins. The immunomodulatory mechanism of ADPs-1a and ADPs-3a on macrophages was related to the up-regulation of phosphorylation of MAPKs and NF-kB.


Assuntos
Angelica/química , Fatores Imunológicos/farmacologia , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Animais , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Interleucina-6/genética , Camundongos , Óxido Nítrico/biossíntese , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/genética , Fagocitose/efeitos dos fármacos , Células RAW 264.7 , Fator de Transcrição RelA/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética
18.
Neural Regen Res ; 14(5): 913-920, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30688278

RESUMO

Many studies have shown that (5R)-5-hydroxytriptolide is the optimal modified analogue of triptolide, possessing comparable immunosuppressive activity but much lower cytotoxicity than triptolide. Whether (5R)-5-hydroxytriptolide has preventive effects on neuroinflammation is unclear. This study was designed to pretreat primary astrocytes from the brains of neonatal Sprague-Dawley rats with 20, 100 and 500 nM (5R)-5-hydroxytriptolide for 1 hour before establishing an in vitro neuroinflammation model with 1.0 µg/mL lipopolysaccharide for 24 hours. The generation of nitric oxide was detected by Griess reagents. Astrocyte marker glial fibrillary acidic protein was measured by immunohistochemical staining. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1ß in the culture supernatant were assayed by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. Nuclear factor-κB/p65 expression was examined by immunofluorescence staining. The phosphorylation of inhibitor of nuclear factor IκB-α and the location of nuclear factor-κB/P65 were determined using western blot assay. Our data revealed that (5R)-5-hydroxytriptolide inhibited the generation of nitric oxide, tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1ß from primary astrocytes activated by lipopolysaccharide, decreased the positive reaction intensity of glial fibrillary acidic protein, reduced the expression of tumor necrosis factor alpha and interleukin-1ß in culture supernatant, inhibited the phosphorylation of IκB-α and the translocation of nuclear factor-κB/P65 to the nucleus. These results have confirmed that (5R)-5-hydroxytriptolide inhibits lipopolysaccharide-induced glial inflammatory response and provides cytological experimental data for (5R)-5-hydroxytriptolide in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases.

19.
ChemSusChem ; 12(10): 2055-2082, 2019 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30664329

RESUMO

Solid sorbents are considered to be promising materials for carbon dioxide capture. In recent years, many studies have focused on the use of solid waste as carbon dioxide sorbents. The use of waste resources as carbon dioxide sorbents not only leads to the development of relatively low-cost materials, but also eliminates waste simultaneously. Different types of waste materials from biomass, industrial waste, household waste, and so forth were used as carbon dioxide sorbents with sufficient carbon dioxide capture capacities. Herein, progress on the development of carbon dioxide sorbents produced from waste materials is reviewed and covers key factors, such as the type of waste, preparation method, further modification method, carbon dioxide sorption performance, and kinetics studies. In addition, a new research direction for further study is proposed. It is hoped that this critical review will not merely sum up the major research directions in this field, but also provide significant suggestions for future work.

20.
Nanotechnology ; 29(30): 305601, 2018 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29723159

RESUMO

Graphene fibers are promising candidates in portable and wearable electronics due to their tiny volume, flexibility and wearability. Here, we successfully synthesized macroscopic graphene composite fibers via a two-step process, i.e. first electrospinning and then chemical vapor deposition (CVD). Briefly, the well-dispersed PAN nanofibers were sprayed onto the copper surface in an electrified thin liquid jet by electrospinning. Subsequently, CVD growth process induced the formation of graphene films using a PAN-solid source of carbon and a copper catalyst. Finally, crumpled and macroscopic graphene composite fibers were obtained from carbon nanofiber/graphene composite webs by self-assembly process in the deionized water. Temperature-dependent conduct behavior reveals that electron transport of the graphene composite fibers belongs to hopping mechanism and the typical electrical conductivity reaches 4.59 × 103 S m-1. These results demonstrated that the graphene composite fibers are promising for the next-generation flexible and wearable electronics.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...