Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 86
Filtrar
1.
Eur J Pharmacol ; : 173185, 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32422185

RESUMO

P-glycoprotein (P-gp)-mediated multidrug resistance (MDR) remains a significant impediment to the success of cancer chemotherapy. The natural flavonoid Quercetin (Que) has been reported to be able to inhibit P-gp-mediated MDR in various cancer cells. However, the MDR reversal effect of Que on human colon cancer cells and its mechanism at the metabolic level requires further clarification. This study was designed to provide a better understanding of the MDR reversal effect of Que. Our present results showed that 33 µM of Que significantly improved the cytotoxicity of doxorubicin (Dox) to P-gp-overexpressed SW620/Ad300 cells by proliferation and apoptpsis assay. Further mechanism studies demonstrated that Que inhibited the ATP-driven transport activity of P-gp, which in turn increased the intracellular accumulation of Dox. The metabolomics studies based on UPLC-MS/MS analysis revealed that Que could reverse the MDR by significantly blocking D-glutamine and D-glutamate metabolism, and the underlying mechanism is that Que down-regulated the expression of the glutamine transporter solute sarrier family 1, member 5 (SLC1A5) in SW620/Ad300 cells. This is the first time to report that Que was a SLC1A5 inhibitor, which could be served as a template compound to potentially develop novel P-gp-mediated MDR reversal modulators in cancer chemotherapy.

2.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 186: 113288, 2020 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32361091

RESUMO

Flavokawain A (FKA), a major chalcone in kava extracts, has exhibited anti-proliferative and apoptotic effects in the prostate cancer. However, the molecular mechanism of FKA remains unclear. In this study, FKA induces cell apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in a G2M phase to prostate cancer cells. FKA interferes with tubulin polymerization and inhibits survivin expression in PC3 cells. Molecular docking simulation experiment finds that FKA can bind to colchicine binding sites that inhibit tubulin polymerization. FKA treatment regulates the glutamine metabolism pathway in PC3 cells by reducing intracellular glutamine, glutamic and proline. FKA treatment also decreases the GSH content by decreasing the activity of GSH synthetase (GSS) and increasing the activity of glutathione thiol transferase (GSTP1), which subsequently induces ROS production and PC3 cell apoptosis.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32319284

RESUMO

Organic-inorganic halide perovskite solar cells (PSCs) still suffer from stability issues which are caused by possible erosions from moisture, ultraviolet (UV) light, heat, and so forth. An electron-transporting layer (ETL), that is, TiO2, is a key component for state-of-the-art PSCs. However, UV-caused desorption of O2- in TiO2 would accelerate the degradation of PSCs. Herein, we explored perovskite oxide, NaTaO3, for the first time as an alternative ETL in PSCs. NaTaO3 as an ETL can effectively avoid the damage from UV irradiation, inhibit the degradation of the perovskite layer, and improve the overall stability of the PSC. PSCs fabricated with NaTaO3 yielded a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 21.07% with a retention of more than 80% of this initial PCE after 240 min UV irradiation in air while the reference device with a PCE of 20.16% can only retain about 53% of its initial PCE after the same testing condition. The developed stable perovskite oxide material of NaTaO3 provides the diversification of electron-selective contact for highly efficient and stable PSCs.

4.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 156: 314-320, 2020 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32289421

RESUMO

In this research, nanocellulose crystal (NCC) grafted with lactic acid (LA) oligomer was synthesized by one-pot method and used to reinforce the poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA) matrix. FT-IR, XRD, and 13C NMR were used to analyze the structure of modified nanocellulose crystal (g-NCC). The results of GPC suggested that the degree of polymerization of the grafted segments was 23, and the degree of hydroxyl substitution of g-NCC was 2.4%. For the g-NCC/PLLA composite, its crystallization rate increases significantly compared with pure PLLA, indicating that g-NCC acted as a nucleating agent to promote the crystallization. Moreover, tensile strength of the composite materials was significantly improved from 41.9 MPa to 53.9 MPa due to the enhanced compatibility. This study provides a fast and effective modification method for g-NCC/PLLA biodegradable composites. According to the above-mentioned experimental results, the g-NCC/PLLA composites can be considered as a potential material in the packaging field, mainly due to its proper biological and physicochemical properties.

5.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 571: 118-125, 2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32197153

RESUMO

Complete oxidation of ethanol is a pressing need for direct ethanol fuel cells (DEFCs) owning to high energy conversion. However, it holds great challenges on account of sluggish kinetics for CC bond cleavage and high susceptibility to CO poisoning. Herein, ternary PtPdCu nanocrsytals are synthesized and investigated for complete oxidation of ethanol. The obtained ternary PtPdCu nanodendrites (PtPdCu NDs) have a stepped surface, providing abundant active sites. Due to the structural and synergistic effects, ternary PtPdCu NDs exhibit a mass activity of 5.59 A mgPtPd-1 and specific activity of 15.82 mA cm-2 towards ethanol oxidation reaction, which are 6.4 and 3.6 times larger than that of commercial Pt/C. Further studies reveal that ternary PtPdCu NDs show strong abilities of CO anti-poisoning and CC bond cleavage, enhancing the C1 pathway selectivity.

6.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 156: 112136, 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32174561

RESUMO

Shewanella oneidensis MR-1, a model species of exoelectrogenic bacteria (EEB), has been widely applied in bioelectrochemical systems. Biofilms of EEB grown on electrodes are essential in governing the current output and power density of bioelectrochemical systems. The MR-1 genome is exceptionally dynamic due to the existence of a large number of insertion sequence (IS) elements. However, to date, the impacts of IS elements on the biofilm-forming capacity of EEB and performance of bioelectrochemical systems remain unrevealed. Herein, we isolated a non-motile mutant (NMM) with biofilm-deficient phenotype from MR-1. We found that the insertion of an ISSod2 element into the flrA (encoding the master regulator for flagella synthesis and assembly) of MR-1 resulted in the non-motile and biofilm-deficient phenotypes in NMM cells. Notably, such a variant was readily confused with the wild-type strain because there were no obvious differences in growth rates and colonial morphologies between the two strains. However, the reduced biofilm formation on the electrodes and the deteriorated performances of bioelectrochemical systems and Cr(VI) immobilization for the strain NMM were observed. Given the wide distribution of IS elements in EEB, appropriate cultivation and preservation conditions should be adopted to reduce the likelihood that IS elements-mediated mutation occurs in EEB. These findings reveal the negative impacts of IS elements on the biofilm-forming capacity of EEB and performance of bioelectrochemical systems and suggest that great attention should be given to the actual physiological states of EEB before their applications.

7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(11): e19367, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176058

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This systematic review protocol aims to provide the methods used to assess the total benefits and side effects in all cancer patients and their respective benefits and side effects in different cancers. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The following electronic bibliographic databases will be selected without any language restriction: PubMed, EMBASE, The Cochrane Library, Scopus and Web of Science without an upper-limit date until July 12, 2019. Searches will also be performed in the following trials registers: ClinicalTrials.gov (www.ClinicalTrials.gov), the ISRCTN registry (www.isrctn.com), the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (www.who.int/trialsearch/Default.aspx) and the EU Clinical Trials Register (www.clinicaltrialsregister.eu). All randomized controlled trials related to the combination of nivolumab and ipilimumab for cancer patients will be included. Outcomes will include curative effect, chemotherapeutic response rate, adverse events. Study inclusion, data extraction and quality assessment will be performed independently by two reviewers. Assessment of risk of bias and data synthesis will be performed using Review Manager software. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethics approval is not required because individual patients' data are not included. The findings of this systematic review will be disseminated through peer-reviewed publication. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42018109732.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Ipilimumab/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/patologia , Nivolumabe/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Ipilimumab/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Nivolumabe/efeitos adversos , Seleção de Pacientes , Prognóstico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Medição de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
J Am Chem Soc ; 142(5): 2364-2374, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31917562

RESUMO

Halide perovskites are a strong candidate for the next generation of photovoltaics. Chemical doping of halide perovskites is an established strategy to prepare the highest efficiency and most stable perovskite-based solar cells. In this study, we unveil the doping mechanism of halide perovskites using a series of alkaline earth metals. We find that low doping levels enable the incorporation of the dopant within the perovskite lattice, whereas high doping concentrations induce surface segregation. The threshold from low to high doping regime correlates to the size of the doping element. We show that the low doping regime results in a more n-type material, while the high doping regime induces a less n-type doping character. Our work provides a comprehensive picture of the unique doping mechanism of halide perovskites, which differs from classical semiconductors. We proved the effectiveness of the low doping regime for the first time, demonstrating highly efficient methylammonium lead iodide based solar cells in both n-i-p and p-i-n architectures.

9.
Aging Clin Exp Res ; 32(1): 125-131, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30919262

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and associated factors of poor sleep quality among community-dwelling elderly population in a rural area of Northern China. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey in August-December 2014 and recruited 2195 participants who were aged 65 years or older and living in Yanlou Town of Yanggu County in western Shandong Province, China. Data on demographics, health-related behaviors, and clinical conditions were collected through structured interviews. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was used to assess the sleep quality and patterns. Poor sleep quality was defined as a PSQI score > 7. We employed multiple logistic models to relate poor sleep quality to various factors. RESULTS: The overall prevalence rates of poor sleep quality were 33.8% in the total sample, 39.2% in women and 26.3% in men (P < 0.01). The most common abnormal sleep domains were prolonged sleep latency (39.7%), decreased sleep duration (31.0%), and reduced habitual sleep efficiency (28.8%). Multiple logistic regression analyses revealed that poor sleep quality was significantly associated with female sex (OR = 1.76, 95% CI 1.46-2.12) and clinical comorbidities such as hypertension (OR = 1.28, 95% CI 1.06-1.54), coronary heart disease (OR = 1.60, 95% CI 1.27-2.00), and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (OR = 1.82, 95% CI 1.34-2.49). CONCLUSIONS: The sleep disorders were highly prevalent among the elderly in rural China. Modifiable risk factors such as cardiometabolic risk factors and disorders were associated with poor sleep quality, which might be potential targets for interventions to improve sleep quality in elderly population.

10.
Chemosphere ; 241: 125038, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31610455

RESUMO

The use of humic acid (HA) and fulvic acid (FA) as reinforcing agents to improve the efficiency of electrokinetic remediation (EKR) were investigated for the first time using an artificially contaminated soil. A series of soil leaching tests and bench-scale EKR experiments were performed to elucidate the mechanisms of As removed from artificially contaminated soil. The characterization of total reducing capacity (TRC) and functional group were carried out to reveal the difference of HA and FA. The observations demonstrated that with 0.1 M NaOH and KCl as the anolyte, using both HA and FA enhanced the efficiency of EKR. After 25 days of EKR, the removal efficiency of TAs in HA/FA-enhanced EKR was about 2.0-3.0 times greater than when unenhanced. Compared to HA, more As was removed in EKR with FA, which has more TRC and oxygen-containing groups. These EKR experimental results, with the support of data obtained from soil leaching test, indicate that competitive adsorption, reductive dissolution and complexation were the reasons why HA and FA promoted the release of As in the soil and further enhanced the remediation efficiency.


Assuntos
Arsênico/isolamento & purificação , Benzopiranos/farmacologia , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Recuperação e Remediação Ambiental/métodos , Substâncias Húmicas/análise , Poluentes do Solo/isolamento & purificação , Adsorção , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Temperatura
11.
J Comput Biol ; 27(1): 121-130, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31460784

RESUMO

To identify candidate key genes and pathways associated with lymph node tuberculosis (LNTB) and reveal the potential molecular mechanisms of LNTB development. Gene expression profile of GSE63548 was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichments of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were analyzed by DAVID, and the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was performed from STRING database. Furthermore, Cytoscape was used to integrate the network of transcription factor (TF) target and miRNA target. A total of 239 DEGs were screened out. Based on the DEGs, a miRNA of hsa-miR-4536 and 28 TFs, such as GATA1, JUND, NR2F1, POU1F1, and RELB, were obtained. Pathway enrichment analyses revealed that DEGs were mainly enriched in the pathways of regulation of lipolysis in adipocytes, vascular smooth muscle contraction, fat digestion and absorption, NOD-like receptor, and TNF signaling pathway. Furthermore, 53 nodes and 241 interactions were identified in the PPI network. In addition, the integrated regulatory network showed that CXCL9, CD36, LEP, ACACB, ALDH1A3, GPX3, STAT1, and LPL were the target genes of hsa-miR-4536. This study revealed the candidate key genes and pathways that are involved in the pathogenesis of LNTB, which will provide potential therapeutic targets for the treatment of LNTB.

12.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(1): 836-843, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31840488

RESUMO

Perovskite solar cells have attracted worldwide attention as one of the key research areas in the field of thin-film photovoltaics. Although they exhibit easy solution processability, it is important to effectively control the crystallization of the light-absorbing layer, which affects the performance and stability of devices. Here, we present lead oxalate (PbC2O4) as a nonhalide lead constituent of the perovskite precursor solution, which contributes to anion replacement during thin film annealing. This strategy limits the perovskite nucleation rate and retards crystallization. As a result, we achieved excellent perovskite films with larger grains and fewer defects. The open-circuit voltage of the optimal device under 1 sun illumination rose to 1.12 V with a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 20.20%. In addition, the indoor PCE at 1000 lux can reach 34.86%. This nonhalide lead compound dopant provides a guide for the crystallization of perovskite materials and paves a way for the fabrication of nonhalide perovskite solar cells.

13.
Nano Lett ; 20(1): 715-721, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31870153

RESUMO

Bulk heterojunction (BHJ) structure based organic photovoltaics (OPVs) have recently showed great potential for achieving high power conversion efficiencies (PCEs). An ideal BHJ structure would feature large donor/acceptor interfacial areas for efficient exciton dissociation and gradient distributions with high donor and acceptor concentrations near the anode and cathode, respectively, for efficient charge extraction. However, the random mixing of donors and acceptors in the BHJ often suffers the severe charge recombination in the interface, resulting in poor charge extraction. Herein, we propose a new approach-treating the surface of the zinc oxide (ZnO) as an electron transport layer with potassium hydroxide-to induce vertical phase separation of an active layer incorporating the nonfullerene acceptor IT-4F. Density functional theory calculations suggested that the binding energy difference between IT-4F and the PBDB-T-2Cl, to the potassium (K)-presenting ZnO interface, is twice as strong as that for IT-4F and PBDB-T-2Cl to the untreated ZnO surface, such that it would induce more IT-4F moving toward the K-presenting ZnO interface than the untreated ZnO interface thermodynamically. Benefiting from efficient charge extraction, the best PCEs increased to 12.8% from 11.8% for PBDB-T-2Cl:IT-4F-based devices, to 12.6% from 11.6% for PBDB-T-2Cl:Y1-4F-based devices, to 13.5% from 12.2% for PBDB-T-2Cl:Y6-based devices, and to 15.7% from 15.1% for PM6:Y6-based devices.

14.
Cell Death Dis ; 10(12): 950, 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31831728

RESUMO

As a new class of non-coding RNA, circular RNAs (circRNAs) play crucial roles in the development and progression of various cancers. However, the detailed functions of circRNAs in cervical cancer have seldom been reported. In this study, circRNA sequence was applied to detect the differentially expressed circRNAs between cervical cancer tissues and adjacent normal tissues. The relationships between circCLK3 level with clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis were analyzed. In vitro CCK-8, cell count, cell colony, cell wound healing, transwell migration and invasion, and in vivo tumorigenesis and lung metastasis models were performed to evaluate the functions of circCLK3. The pull-down, RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP), luciferase reporter and rescue assays were employed to clarify the interaction between circCLK3 and miR-320a and the regulation of miR-320a on FoxM1. We found that the level of circCLK3 was remarkably higher in cervical cancer tissues than in adjacent normal tissues, and closely associated with tumor differentiation, FIGO stage and depth of stromal invasion. Down-regulated circCLK3 evidently inhibited cell growth and metastasis of cervical cancer in vitro and in vivo, while up-regulated circCLK3 significantly promoted cell growth and metastasis in vitro and in vivo. The pull-down, luciferase reporter and RIP assays demonstrated that circCLK3 directly bound to and sponge miR-320a. MiR-320a suppressed the expression of FoxM1 through directly binding to 3'UTR of FoxM1 mRNA. In addition, FoxM1 promoted cell proliferation, migration, and invasion of cervical cancer, while miR-320a suppressed cell proliferation, migration, and invasion through suppressing FoxM1, and circCLK3 enhanced cell proliferation, migration and invasion through sponging miR-320a and promoting FoxM1 expression. In summary, circCLK3 may serve as a novel diagnostic biomarker for disease progression and a promising molecular target for early diagnoses and treatments of cervical cancer.

15.
Science ; 366(6472): 1509-1513, 2019 12 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31857483

RESUMO

Surface trap-mediated nonradiative charge recombination is a major limit to achieving high-efficiency metal-halide perovskite photovoltaics. The ionic character of perovskite lattice has enabled molecular defect passivation approaches through interaction between functional groups and defects. However, a lack of in-depth understanding of how the molecular configuration influences the passivation effectiveness is a challenge to rational molecule design. Here, the chemical environment of a functional group that is activated for defect passivation was systematically investigated with theophylline, caffeine, and theobromine. When N-H and C=O were in an optimal configuration in the molecule, hydrogen-bond formation between N-H and I (iodine) assisted the primary C=O binding with the antisite Pb (lead) defect to maximize surface-defect binding. A stabilized power conversion efficiency of 22.6% of photovoltaic device was demonstrated with theophylline treatment.

16.
BMC Genomics ; 20(1): 806, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31684870

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV) infection can cause acute inflammation. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important roles in a number of biological process including inflammation response. However, whether lncRNAs participate in TGEV-induced inflammation in porcine intestinal epithelial cells (IPECs) is largely unknown. RESULTS: In this study, the next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology was used to analyze the profiles of lncRNAs in Mock and TGEV-infected porcine intestinal epithelial cell-jejunum 2 (IPEC-J2) cell line. A total of 106 lncRNAs were differentially expressed. Many differentially expressed lncRNAs act as elements to competitively attach microRNAs (miRNAs) which target to messenger RNA (mRNAs) to mediate expression of genes that related to toll-like receptors (TLRs), NOD-like receptors (NLRs), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), and RIG-I-like receptors (RLRs) pathways. Functional analysis of the binding proteins and the up/down-stream genes of the differentially expressed lncRNAs revealed that lncRNAs were principally related to inflammatory response. Meanwhile, we found that the differentially expressed lncRNA TCONS_00058367 might lead to a reduction of phosphorylation of transcription factor p65 (p-p65) in TGEV-infected IPEC-J2 cells by negatively regulating its antisense gene promyelocytic leukemia (PML). CONCLUSIONS: The data showed that differentially expressed lncRNAs might be involved in inflammatory response induced by TGEV through acting as miRNA sponges, regulating their up/down-stream genes, or directly binding proteins.

17.
Int J Biol Sci ; 15(10): 2051-2064, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31592229

RESUMO

Transmissible gastroenteritis (TGE) is a contagious and infectious disease that is characterized by severe vomiting and diarrhea of swine , especially piglet, and caused by transmissible gastroenteritis coronavirus (TGEV) . TGEV infection provokes mitochondrial damage of porcine intestinal epthelial cell (IPEC), which is responsible for inflammation and cell death. In our previous study, we have demonstrated that circular RNA circEZH2 was down-regulated during TGEV infection and promoted the activation of nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) via targeting miR-22 in porcine intestinal epithelial cell line (IPEC-J2). Activation of NF-κB is an important factor for mitochondrial damage. Mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening is a key reason for mitochondrial damage. So, we speculate that circEZH2 may regulate TGEV-induced mPTP opening via NF-kB pathway. In the present study, we found that mPTP opening of IPEC-J2 was occured during TGEV infection and suppressed by circEZH2 via attaching miR-22. Hexokinase 2 (HK2) and interleukin 6 (IL-6) were identified as the targets of miR-22. Silencing HK2 enhanced TGEV-induced mPTP opening, while no effect on NF-κB pathway. Silencing IL-6 promoted TGEV-induced mPTP opening and inhibited NF-κB pathway. Inhibitor of NF-κB increased TGEV-induced mPTP opening. The data revealed that TGEV-induced mPTP opening was regulated via two pathways: circEZH2/miR-22/HK2 axis and circEZH2/miR-22/IL-6/NF-κB axis.

18.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(42): 11758-11768, 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577438

RESUMO

Patulin contamination not only is a menace to human health but also causes serious environmental problems worldwide due to the synthetic fungicides that are used to control it. This study focused on investigating the patulin degradation mechanism in Pichia caribbica at the molecular level. According to the results, P. caribbica (2 × 106 cells/mL) was able to degrade patulin from 20 µg/mL to an undetectable level in 72 h. The RNA-seq data showed patulin-induced oxidative stress and responses in P. caribbica. The deletion of PcCRG1 led to a significant decrease in patulin degradation by P. caribbica, whereas the overexpression of PcCRG1 accelerated the degradation of patulin. The study identified that PcCRG1 protein had the ability to degrade patulin in vitro. Overall, we demonstrated that the patulin degradation process in P. caribbica was more than one way; PcCRG1 was an S-adenosylmethionine-dependent methyltransferase and played an important role in the patulin degradation process in P. caribbica.


Assuntos
Proteínas Fúngicas/metabolismo , Fungicidas Industriais/metabolismo , Metiltransferases/metabolismo , Patulina/metabolismo , Pichia/metabolismo , S-Adenosilmetionina/metabolismo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Proteínas Fúngicas/química , Proteínas Fúngicas/genética , Metiltransferases/química , Metiltransferases/genética , Pichia/enzimologia , Pichia/genética , Alinhamento de Sequência
19.
Microorganisms ; 7(11)2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31661784

RESUMO

Blue mold, caused by Penicillium expansum, is an important postharvest disease of apple, and can result in significant economic losses. The present study investigated the interaction between P. expansum and wounded apple fruit tissues during the early stages of the infection. Spores of P. expansum became activated one hour post-inoculation (hpi), exhibited swelling at 3 hpi, and the germ tubes were found entering into apple tissues at 6 hpi. RNA-seq was performed on samples of P. expansum and apple fruit tissue collected at 1, 3, and 6 hpi. The main differentially expressed genes (DEGs) that were identified in P. expansum were related to interaction, cell wall degradation enzymes, anti-oxidative stress, pH regulation, and effectors. Apple tissues responded to the presence of P. expansum by activating pathogen-associated molecular pattern (PAMP)-triggered immunity (PTI) at 1 hpi, then activated effector-triggered immunity (ETI) at 3 hpi. This research provides new information on the interaction between P. expansum and apple fruit tissue at an early stage of the infection process.

20.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(44): 17610-17616, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31639300

RESUMO

The ideal charge transport materials should exhibit a proper energy level, high carrier mobility, sufficient conductivity, and excellent charge extraction ability. Here, a novel electron transport material was designed and synthesized by using a simple and facile solvothermal method, which is composed of the core-shell ZnO@SnO2 nanoparticles. Thanks to the good match between the energy level of the SnO2 shell and the high electron mobility of the core ZnO nanoparticles, the PCE of inorganic perovskite solar cells has reached 14.35% (JSC: 16.45 mA cm-2, VOC: 1.11 V, FF: 79%), acting core-shell ZnO@SnO2 nanoparticles as the electron transfer layer. The core-shell ZnO@SnO2 nanoparticles size is 8.1 nm with the SnO2 shell thickness of 3.4 nm, and the electron mobility is seven times more than SnO2 nanoparticles. Meanwhile, the uniform core-shell ZnO@SnO2 nanoparticles is extremely favorable to the growth of inorganic perovskite films. These preliminary results strongly suggest the great potential of this novel electron transfer material in high-efficiency perovskite solar cells.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA