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1.
Nutrients ; 12(1)2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31936037

RESUMO

Hyperlipidemia is associated with metabolic disorders, but the detailed mechanisms and related interventions remain largely unclear. As a functional food in Asian diets, Herba houttuyniae has been reported to have beneficial effects on health. The present research was to investigate the protective effects of Herba houttuyniae aqueous extract (HAE) on hyperlipidemia-induced liver and heart impairments and its potential mechanisms. Male C57BL/6J mice were administered with 200 or 400 mg/kg/day HAE for 9 days, followed by intraperitoneal injection with 0.5 g/kg poloxamer 407 to induce acute hyperlipidemia. HAE treatment significantly attenuated excessive serum lipids and tissue damage markers, prevented hepatic lipid deposition, improved cardiac remodeling, and ameliorated hepatic and cardiac oxidative stress induced by hyperlipidemia. More importantly, NF-E2 related factor (Nrf2)-mediated antioxidant and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator-1 alpha (PGC-1α)-mediated mitochondrial biogenesis pathways as well as mitochondrial complex activities were downregulated in the hyperlipidemic mouse livers and hearts, which may be attributable to the loss of adenosine monophosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activity: all of these changes were reversed by HAE supplementation. Our findings link the AMPK/PGC-1α/Nrf2 cascade to hyperlipidemia-induced liver and heart impairments and demonstrate the protective effect of HAE as an AMPK activator in the prevention of hyperlipidemia-related diseases.

2.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 150: 111870, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31748192

RESUMO

Detection of cancer biomarkers is crucial for the diagnosis and monitoring of malignant tumors. However, the accuracy and sensitivity still require sufficient improvement for practically clinical application. In this work, a reliable and sensitive dual-mode immunosensing method is described for carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) detection using a biofunctional ZnO@SiO2 nanocomposite as a resonance Raman scattering (RRS)-infrared (IR) absorption nanoprobe. The multiphonon RRS signal originating from the ZnO and the characteristic IR fingerprint signal of the transverse optical and longitudinal optical phonon modes of the asymmetric stretching of Si-O-Si bonds showed no interference with each other. A CEA antibodies-immobilized substrate was fabricated to capture the analyte/nanoprobe complexes. The RRS intensity at 569 cm‒1 and the IR absorption at 1061 cm‒1 were used for quantitative analysis. Accurate CEA detection was performed as a result of the strong resistance of the dual-mode nanoprobe to surrounding interference. The limit of detection was 98.0 fg mL‒1. The detection range was 500 ng mL‒1 - 50 fg mL‒1, which is wider than those of single-mode RRS or IR absorption immunosensings. High reproducibility, selectivity and specificity were achieved. The assay performance of human serum samples demonstrated the practicability of the method in clinical cancer diagnosis.

3.
Psych J ; 2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31838788

RESUMO

The aims of this study were to investigate the associations among personality traits, perceived creation stress, and life satisfaction in visual artists, as well as examine the mediating role of perceived creation stress. We recruited 201 visual artists in Beijing's Songzhuang art colony to participate in this study and used the Mini International Personality Item Pool-Five-Factor Model measure, the Perceived Creation Stress Scale, and the Satisfaction with Life Scale. Extraversion and conscientiousness positively predicted life satisfaction, and conscientiousness was negatively associated with creation stress. Positive U-shaped curvilinear relationships between personality traits and life satisfaction (neuroticism, conscientiousness, extroversion, and agreeableness) characterized the nonlinear relationship model. Meanwhile, perceived creation stress mediated the relationship between conscientiousness (both linear and quadratic) and life satisfaction. Our findings highlighted the dark-side traits (e.g., neuroticism, introversion, low agreeableness, and conscientiousness) associated with visual artists' subjective well-being.

4.
Behav Neurol ; 2019: 1068260, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31772680

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effects of sevoflurane on the latency and error times of the passive avoidance and levels of PSD-95 and AMPA receptors in the hippocampus. We evaluated the effects of sevoflurane on short-term memory in adult mice and explored the possible mechanism. Methods: 144 Kunming mice (2-3 months, 30-35 g) were randomly divided into two groups A (n = 64) and B (n = 80) and received the dark-avoidance (DA) and step-down avoidance (SA) tests, respectively. The groups DA and SA were further divided into control (inhaled 40% O2 2 h) and sevoflurane (3.3% sevoflurane and 40% O2 2 h) subgroups. Before inhalation intervention, all mice were trained to be familiar with the Morris water maze (MWM). According to the test points of behavioral indicators, 8 mice were randomly selected from each subgroup at point 12 h (T1), 24 h (T2), 48 h (T3), and 72 h (T4) after inhalation intervention. The step-through latency and error times were measured in 5 min. After the behavioral test, the mice were killed and the tissues of the hippocampus were taken for hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining. The expression level of PSD-95 and AMPA receptors in the hippocampus was detected by immunohistochemistry and Western Blot. The changes of synaptic transmission were measured via electrophysiology analysis of hippocampal slices. Results: The mice in the control subgroups found the platform in a shorter pathway than those in the sevoflurane subgroups during an MWM test. The step-through latency of T1 and T2 in the sevoflurane subgroup was shorter than baseline time, and the error times were increased in 5 min and higher than baseline time when compared with the control subgroup (P < 0.05) in the A and B groups. Compared with the control subgroup, the expression level of PSD-95 and AMPA receptors in the hippocampus was decreased at T1 and T2 in the sevoflurane subgroup (P < 0.05). The nerve cells were partially swelling. Electrophysiology analysis showed that the levels of PSD-95 and AMPA receptor expression were associated with synaptic transmission. Conclusion: Sevoflurane impaired short-term memory in adult mice by inhibiting the expression of PSD-95 and AMPA receptors in the hippocampus, which led to the decrease in synaptic transmission.

6.
J Cell Physiol ; 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31667864

RESUMO

Lupus nephritis (LN) is the most common complication of systemic lupus erythematosus. Patients with LN mostly die of sclerosing glomerulonephritis and renal failure. The inhibition of glomerular mesangial matrix deposition is an efficient method to restrict the progress of renal injury. By recognizing and binding extracellular and intracellular ligands, Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) contributes to the pathogenesis of most immune diseases. However, the relationship between TLR2 and LN is still unknown. Our previous studies confirmed that high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), an important ligand of TLR2, promotes the progression of LN by inducing the proliferation of glomerular mesangial cells. However, whether or not HMGB1 participates in the pathogenesis of glomerular mesangial matrix deposition in LN remains unknown. In this study, we observed the upregulated expression of TLR2 in the glomeruli of LN patients and MRL/lpr mice. The inhibition of either TLR2 or HMGB1 inhibited the release of fibronectin and the activation of the MyD88/NF-κB pathway in mesangial cells cultured with LN plasma. In addition, both TLR2- and HMGB1-deficient mice showed reduced 24 hr urine protein levels and improved glomerular histological changes and sclerosis levels. These results indicate that TLR2 regulates glomerular mesangial matrix deposition in LN through the activation of the MyD88/NF-κB pathway by binding to HMGB1.

7.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(11): 3362-3367, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31622228

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-negative bacterium, designated as SCSIO 06110T, was isolated from a deep-sea sediment of the West Pacific Ocean. Cells were 0.5-0.8 µm in width and 3.0-4.0 µm in length, spore-forming, rod-shaped with peritrichous flagella. Positive for catalase and urease, negative for oxidase and nitrate reduction. Growth occurred at 15-37 °C, pH 6-9 and 1-5 % (w/v) NaCl, with optimum growth at 28 °C, pH 7 and 3 % (w/v) NaCl. MK-7 was the only menaquinone. The strain possessed diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and two unidentified phospholipids. Iso-C16 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 and iso-C14 : 0 were the major fatty acids. The novel isolate clustered with genera in the family Paenibacillaceae, but formed a separated branch with the closest relative Chengkuizengella sediminis J15A17T (91.1 % sequence similarity) when compared in a phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences. The DNA G+C content of strain SCSIO 06110T was 38.5 mol%. Based on the polyphasic data presented, a new genus, Longirhabdus gen. nov., is proposed in the family Paenibacillaceae with the type species Longirhabdus pacifica sp. nov. and the type strain SCSIO 06110T (=DSM 105158T=CGMCC 1.16550T).


Assuntos
Bacillales/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Fontes Hidrotermais/microbiologia , Filogenia , Bacillales/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Oceano Pacífico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
8.
Adv Mater ; 31(43): e1902978, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31502709

RESUMO

Contamination is a major concern in surface and interface technologies. Given that graphene is a 2D monolayer material with an extremely large surface area, surface contamination may seriously degrade its intrinsic properties and strongly hinder its applicability in surface and interfacial regions. However, large-scale and facile treatment methods for producing clean graphene films that preserve its excellent properties have not yet been achieved. Herein, an efficient postgrowth treatment method for selectively removing surface contamination to achieve a large-area superclean graphene surface is reported. The as-obtained superclean graphene, with surface cleanness exceeding 99%, can be transferred to dielectric substrates with significantly reduced polymer residues, yielding ultrahigh carrier mobility of 500 000 cm2 V-1 s-1 and low contact resistance of 118 Ω µm. The successful removal of contamination is enabled by the strong adhesive force of the activated-carbon-based lint roller on graphene contaminants.

9.
Small ; 15(43): e1904216, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489776

RESUMO

Considerable efforts are devoted to relieve the critical lithium dendritic and volume change problems in the lithium metal anode. Constructing uniform Li+ distribution and lithium "host" are shown to be the most promising strategies to drive practical lithium metal anode development. Herein, a uniform Li nucleation/growth behavior in a confined nanospace is verified by constructing vertical graphene on a 3D commercial copper mesh. The difference of solid-electrolyte interphase (SEI) composition and lithium growth behavior in the confined nanospace is further demonstrated by in-depth X-ray photoelectron spectrometer (XPS) and line-scan energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopic (EDS) methods. As a result, a high Columbic efficiency of 97% beyond 250 cycles at a current density of 2 mA cm-2 and a prolonged lifespan of symmetrical cell (500 cycles at 5 mA cm-2 ) can be easily achieved. More meaningfully, the solid-state lithium metal cell paired with the composite lithium anode and LiNi0.5 Co0.2 Mn0.3 O2 (NCM) as the cathode also demonstrate reduced polarization and extended cycle. The present confined nanospace-derived hybrid anode can further promote the development of future all solid-state lithium metal batteries.

10.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; : 1-15, 2019 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441662

RESUMO

Food provides energy and various nutrients and is the most important substance for the survival of living beings. However, for allergic people, certain foods cause strong reactions, and sometimes even cause shock or death. Food allergy has been recognized by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a major global food safety issue which affect the quality of life of nearly 5% of adults and 8% of children, and the incidence continues to rise but there is no effective cure. Drug alleviation methods for food allergies often have shortcomings such as side effects, poor safety, and high cost. At present, domestic and foreign scientists have turned to research and develop various new, safe and efficient natural sources of hypoallergenic or anti-allergic drugs or foods. There are many kinds of anti-allergic substances obtained from the plants and animals have been reported. Besides, probiotics and bifidobacteria also have certain anti-allergic effects. Of all the sources of anti-allergic substances, the ocean is rich in effective active substances due to its remarkable biodiversity and extremely complex living environment, and plays a huge role in the field of anti-food allergy. In this paper, the anti-food allergic bioactive substances isolated from marine organisms encompassing marine microbial, plant, animal sources and their mechanism were reviewed and the possible targets of anti-allergic substances exerting effects are illustrated by drawing. In addition, the development prospects of marine anti-allergic market are discussed and forecasted, which can provide reference for future research on anti-allergic substances.

11.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(14): 5108-5123, 2019 07 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31336365

RESUMO

Ischemia exerts a negative impact on mitochondrial function, which ultimately results in neuronal damage via alterations in gene transcription and protein expression. Long non- coding RNAs (LncRNAs) play pivotal roles in the regulation of target protein expression and gene transcription. In the present study, we observed the effect of an unclassical LncRNA AK005401on ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) ischemia-mediated hippocampal injury and investigated the regulatory role of fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) and Yin Yang 1 (YY1). C57Black/6 mice were subjected to I/R using the bilateral common carotid clip reperfusion method, and AK005401 siRNA oligos were administered via intracerebroventricular injection. HT22 cells were used to establish a model of oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R). We observed pathological morphology and mitochondrial structure. Neuronal apoptosis was evident. Cell activity, cell respiration, FGF21, YY1, and antioxidant capacity were evaluated. I/R or OGD/R significantly increased the expressions of AK005401and YY1 and decreased FGF21expression, which further attenuated the activation of PI3K/Akt, promoted reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, and then caused mitochondria dysfunction and cell apoptosis, which were reversed by AK005401 siRNA oligos and were aggravated by overexpression of AK005401 and YY1. We conclude that AK005401/YY1/FGF21 signaling pathway has an important role in I/R-mediated hippocampal injury.

12.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2019: 1567179, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31281225

RESUMO

Diabetes mellitus (DM) patients experience memory and cognitive deficits. The mechanisms underlying this dysfunction in the brain of DM patients are not fully understood, and therefore, no optimized therapeutic strategy has been established so far. The aim of the present study was to assess whether irisin was able to improve memory and cognitive performance in a streptozotocin-induced diabetic mouse model. A diabetic mouse model was established and behavioral tests were performed. We also set up primary cultures for mechanism studies. Western blots and EMSA were used for molecular studies. Significant impairment of cognition and memory was observed in these DM mice, which could be effectively prevented by irisin cotreatment. We also found upregulated levels of GFAP protein, reduced synaptic protein expression, and increased levels of interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the brains; however, irisin significantly attenuated these cellular responses. Meanwhile, our results demonstrated that irisin inhibited the activation of P38, STAT3, and NFκB proteins of DM mice. Furthermore, our results suggested that irisin might regulate the function of P38, STAT3, and NFκB in hippocampal tissues of DM mice. Collectively, irisin inhibited neuroinflammation in STZ-induced DM mice by inhibiting cytokine release and improving their cognitive function. Our findings revealed the mechanism of irisin's anti-inflammatory effect in the CNS.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cognitivos/prevenção & controle , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Fibronectinas/uso terapêutico , Memória/efeitos dos fármacos , Estreptozocina/toxicidade , Animais , Western Blotting , Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/química , Cognição/efeitos dos fármacos , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/fisiopatologia , Ensaio de Desvio de Mobilidade Eletroforética , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Masculino , Aprendizagem em Labirinto , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Distribuição Aleatória
13.
J Cell Biochem ; 120(11): 18871-18882, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31218746

RESUMO

Autophagy refers to the genetically regulated process to regulate the survival and death of cells, which is conserved in evolution. Typically, autophagy exerts a vital part under physiopathological conditions. Whether autophagy can be resulted from chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH), a prominent characteristic of obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS), remains to be investigated. Furthermore, microRNAs (miRNAs) can serve as the regulating factors in a variety of benign and malignant diseases; nonetheless, it remains to be fully illustrated about the way by which miRNAs modulate autophagy. According to our results, for human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAECs), CIH increased the expression of autophagy-associated proteins, which depended on the concentration and time; besides, it could promote autophagic vacuole (AV) formation. In addition, CIH could activate beclin 1, which was dependent on dose and time. In HCAECs, microRNA-34a-5p (miR-34a-5p) was overexpressed after exposed to CIH, and its target protein B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) was downregulated. Moreover, inhibiting miR-34a-5p increased Bcl-2 and p62 expression, while downregulating beclin 1, Vps34, Atg5, and LC3 levels, implying the role of miR-34a-5p in CIH-induced autophagy. Moreover, exogenous upregulation of Bcl-2 could block miR-34a-5p influence on CIH-induced autophagy through suppressing beclin 1 expression. Additionally, beclin 1 could enhance the autophagy induced by CIH. In conclusion, overexpression of miR-34a-5p activated beclin 1 through Bcl-2 inhibition in CIH and participated in CIH-induced autophagy.

14.
Plant Biotechnol J ; 17(12): 2370-2383, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31094071

RESUMO

Salinity-induced accumulation of certain microRNAs accompanied by gaseous phytohormone ethylene production has been recognized as a mechanism of plant salt tolerance. MicroRNA319 (miR319) has been characterized as an important player in abiotic stress resistance in some C3 plants, such as Arabidopsis thaliana and rice. However, its role in the dedicated biomass plant switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.), a C4 plant, has not been reported. Here, we show crosstalk between miR319 and ethylene (ET) for increasing salt tolerance. By overexpressing Osa-MIR319b and a target mimicry form of miR319 (MIM319), we showed that miR319 positively regulated ET synthesis and salt tolerance in switchgrass. By experimental treatments, we demonstrated that ET-mediated salt tolerance in switchgrass was dose-dependent, and miR319 regulated the switchgrass salt response by fine-tuning ET synthesis. Further experiments showed that the repression of a miR319 target, PvPCF5, in switchgrass also led to enhanced ethylene accumulation and salt tolerance in transgenic plants. Genome-wide transcriptome analysis demonstrated that overexpression of miR319 (OE-miR319) down-regulated the expression of key genes in the methionine (Met) cycle but promoted the expression of genes in ethylene synthesis. The results enrich our understanding of the synergistic effects of the miR319-PvPCF5 module and ethylene synthesis in the salt tolerance of switchgrass, a C4 bioenergy plant.

15.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2019: 2987901, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31049023

RESUMO

The depression incidence is much higher in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), and the majority of these cases remain under-diagnosed. Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) is now widely thought to be an organ-specific autoimmune disease. As a chronic autoimmune condition, T1D is characterized by T cell-mediated selective loss of insulin-producing ß-cells. The age of onset of T1D is earlier than T2D, and T1D patients have an increased vulnerability to depression due to its diagnosis and treatment burden occurring in a period when the individuals are young. The literature has suggested that inflammatory cytokines play a wide role in both diseases. In this review, the mechanisms behind the initiation and propagation of the autoimmune response in T1D and depression are analyzed, and the contribution of cytokines to both conditions is discussed. This review outlines the immunological mechanism of T1D and depression, with a particular emphasis on the role of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), IL-1ß, and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) cytokines and their signaling pathways. The purpose of this review is to highlight the possible pathways of the cytokines shared by these two diseases via deciphering their cytokine cascades. They may provide a basic groundwork for future study of the possible mechanism that links these two diseases and to develop new compounds that target the same pathway but can conquer two diseases.


Assuntos
Citocinas/metabolismo , Depressão/imunologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/imunologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/metabolismo , Inflamação/imunologia , Depressão/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Masculino
16.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 2337-2343, 2019 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30928991

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Meteorin-like (Metrnl) is a novel adipomyokine that may improve glucose tolerance and affect insulin resistance. This study aimed to investigate the association between serum levels of Metrnl with blood glucose status and to its association with insulin resistance. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study included 160 subjects with normal glucose tolerance (NGT) (n=40), impaired fasting glucose (IFG) (n=40), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) (n=40), and newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) (n=40). An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to measure the serum levels of Metrnl. Partial correlation analysis was used to analyze the relationship between serum levels of Metrnl and metabolic parameters. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the association between serum levels of Metrnl with the risk of diabetes. RESULTS Serum levels of Metrnl was highest in patients with T2DM and significantly increased in patients with prediabetes compared with individuals with NGT. After adjusting for age, gender, and body mass index (BMI), serum Metrnl level was significantly correlated with lipid profile, glucose profile, and insulin resistance. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that Metrnl significantly increased the risk of T2DM (OR=1.727; P=0.008) before adjusting for the homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR). When further adjusted for HOMA-IR, Metrnl was no longer associated with an increased OR for T2DM (OR=1.491; P=0.066), while the HOMA-IR significantly increased the risk of T2DM (OR=1.935; P=0.008). CONCLUSIONS Serum levels of Metrnl were significantly increased in patients with T2DM and may increase the risk of T2DM independent of insulin resistance.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Resistência à Insulina/fisiologia , Adipocinas/análise , Adipocinas/sangue , Adulto , Glicemia/efeitos dos fármacos , Glicemia/metabolismo , Índice de Massa Corporal , China , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Feminino , Glucose/metabolismo , Intolerância à Glucose/sangue , Teste de Tolerância a Glucose/métodos , Humanos , Insulina/sangue , Insulina/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estado Pré-Diabético/sangue
17.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 5281, 2019 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30918291

RESUMO

Gastric cancer (GC) is the fourth most common malignant neoplasm and the second leading cause of cancer death. Identification of key molecular signaling pathways involved in gastric carcinogenesis and progression facilitates early GC diagnosis and the development of targeted therapies for advanced GC patients. Emerging evidence has revealed a close correlation between forkhead box (FOX) proteins and cancer development. However, the prognostic significance of forkhead box S1 (FOXS1) in patients with GC and the function of FOXS1 in GC progression remain undefined. In this study, we found that upregulation of FOXS1 was frequently detected in GC tissues and strongly correlated with an aggressive phenotype and poor prognosis. Functional assays confirmed that FOXS1 knockdown suppressed cell proliferation and colony numbers, with induction of cell arrest in the G0/G1 phase of the cell cycle, whereas forced expression of FOXS1 had the opposite effect. Additionally, forced expression of FOXS1 accelerated tumor growth in vivo and increased cell migration and invasion through promoting epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) both in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, the core promoter region of FOXS1 was identified at nucleotides -660~ +1, and NFKB1 indirectly bind the motif on FOXS1 promoters and inhibit FOXS1 expression. Gene set enrichment analysis revealed that the FOXS1 gene was most abundantly enriched in the hedgehog signaling pathway and that GLI1 expression was significantly correlated with FOXS1 expression in GC. GLI1 directly bound to the promoter motif of FOXS1 and significantly decreased FOXS1 expression. Finally, we found that miR-125a-5p repressed FOXS1 expression at the translational level by binding to the 3' untranslated region (UTR) of FOXS1. Together, these results suggest that FOXS1 can promote GC development and could be exploited as a diagnostic and prognostic biomarker for GC.

18.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(5): 1452-1458, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30882294

RESUMO

A novel bacterium, designated SCSIO 07575T, was isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal sediment sample collected from the western Pacific Ocean. Growth at 65 °C was observed, but not at 70 °C or below 37 °C. The optimum conditions for growth were at 55-65 °C, pH 7.0 and in the presence of 2 % (w/v) NaCl. Strain SCSIO 07575T showed filamentous growth. Unstable formation of white aerial mycelia was observed, which disappeared after several times' subculture. Abundant substrate mycelia were observed with grape-like spores. No soluble pigment was observed. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that SCSIO 07575T belonged to the family Thermoactinomycetaceae and formed a distinct clade in the phylogenetic tree. The cell-wall peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid. Whole-cell hydrolysates contained ribose, xylose, glucose and galactose. The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, an unidentified aminophospholipid and two unidentified phospholipids. The predominant menaquinone was MK-7. Major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C17 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0. Based on the whole genome sequence analysis, the genome size was 2 751 094 bp with a DNA G+C value of 57.2 mol%, including one circular chromosome and one plasmid. On the basis of polyphasic data, strain SCSIO 07575T represented a novel species of a new genus within the family Thermoactinomycetaceae, for which the name Staphylospora gen. nov. is proposed with the type species Staphylospora marina sp. nov. and the type strain SCSIO 07575T (=DSM 106793T=CGMCC 1.15879T).


Assuntos
Bacillales/classificação , Fontes Hidrotermais/microbiologia , Filogenia , Bacillales/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Oceano Pacífico , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
19.
J Texture Stud ; 50(4): 316-324, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30847926

RESUMO

Three-dimensional printing (3DP) of surimi requires a structural modifier to achieve a stable construct. This work investigated the effect of addition of sweet potato starch (0-10% wt/wt) on the physical properties (rheological properties, gel strength, water-holding capacity [WHC], and microstructural characteristics) of surimi gels and the 3D printed behavior of these gels. The results showed that as the starch content increased, the viscosity of the starch-surimi mixture decreased facilitating the flow of the surimi out of the printer nozzle. The surimi gel with 8% sweet potato starch concentration showed good gel strength (2,021.70 g mm), WHC (82.39%), microstructural characteristics, and less cooking loss (1.95%). A comparison of the traditional surimi preparation method with 3DP showed that the surimi gel prepared by a 3D printed construct was softer in gel strength (1,398.65 g mm) and lower in hardness (945.17 g) although showing slightly higher cooking loss (6.76%) and lower WHC (72.66 g) than the conventional product. The results suggest that sweet potato starch can be effectively used as a structural enhancer for 3DP complex-shaped surimi.

20.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2019: 1236082, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30799999

RESUMO

Diabetic patients are at increased risk for developing memory and cognitive deficit. Prior studies indicate that neuroinflammation might be one important underlying mechanism responsible for this deficit. Quetiapine (QTP) reportedly exerts a significant neuroprotective effect in animal and human studies. Here, we investigated whether QTP could prevent memory deterioration and cognitive impairment in a streptozotocin- (STZ-) induced diabetic mouse model. In this study, we found that STZ significantly compromised the behavioral performance of mice in a puzzle box test, but administering QTP effectively attenuated this behavioral deficit. Moreover, our results showed that QTP could significantly inhibit the activation of astrocytes and microglia in these diabetic mice and reduce the generation and release of two cytokines, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1). Meanwhile, QTP also prevented the protein loss of the synaptic protein synaptophysin (SYP) and myelin basic protein (MBP). Here, our results indicate that QTP could inhibit neuroinflammatory response from glial cells and block the injury of released cytokines to neurons and oligodendrocytes in diabetic mice (DM). These beneficial effects could protect diabetic mice from the memory and cognitive deficit. QTP may be a potential treatment compound to handle the memory and cognitive dysfunction in diabetic patients.


Assuntos
Fumarato de Quetiapina/uso terapêutico , Animais , Astrócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Quimiocina CCL2/metabolismo , Transtornos Cognitivos/prevenção & controle , Disfunção Cognitiva/prevenção & controle , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/fisiopatologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Função Executiva/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Memória/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/uso terapêutico , Estreptozocina/toxicidade , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
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