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1.
Inorg Chem ; 58(17): 11807-11818, 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31398054

RESUMO

Lead halide perovskite nanocrystals (NCs) exhibit great application potential in optoelectronic devices because of their tunable band gaps and facile colloidal synthesis, but they suffer from serious lead toxicity and instability. It is highly desirable to substitute lead with other elements to acquire nontoxic and environmentally friendly lead-free perovskite NCs for optoelectronic devices. Here, we report a general method for the colloidal synthesis of a series of bismuth/antimony-based halide perovskite NCs with various constituents and optical band gaps from 1.97 to 3.15 eV. In our proposed synthetic system, 1-dodecanol is adopted as the solvent instead of the conventionally used 1-octadecene to realize size controllability of bismuth/antimony-based metal halide perovskite NCs. It is found that 1-dodecanol can act as a surfactant to tightly adsorb on the surface of bismuth/antimony-based halide perovskite NCs, enabling their small sizes (∼2 nm) and high dispersibility. Simultaneously, the band gaps of bismuth/antimony-based halide (A3B2X9, where A = CH3NH3, Cs, or Rb, B = Bi or Sb, and X = Cl, Br, or I) perovskite NCs can be systematically tuned by the atomic substitution of A, B, or X lattice sites. Moreover, to show the optoelectronic application potential of these lead-free halide perovskite NCs, a solar cell based on colloidal Cs3Bi2I9 perovskite NCs is demonstrated. The developed colloidal synthesis of bismuth/antimony-based halide NCs in 1-dodecanol will offer an alternative route to fabricating lead-free halide perovskite optoelectronic devices.

2.
BMC Immunol ; 20(1): 31, 2019 08 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31455209

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The immune reconstitution after initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) among HIV-infected individuals substantially affects patients' prognosis. However, the dynamic characteristics and predictors of reconstitution outcome remain unclear. METHODS: In this study, the HIV/AIDS patients with sustained virological suppression (viral load < 50 copies/ml) after HAART were enrolled. The patients were subgrouped into immunological non-responders (INRs) (< 200 cells/µl), immunological inadequate responders (IIRs) (200 ~ 500 cells/µl) and immunological responders (IRs) (> 500 cells/µl) according to the CD4 cell count after two-year HAART. The immune reconstitution data based on the CD4+ and CD8+ cell counts with 8-year follow-up were collected for analysis. RESULTS: The CD4+ cell counts in the immunological responders (IRs) were significantly higher than in the immunological non-responders (INRs) and immunological inadequate responders (IIRs) (P <  0.001). The overall CD4+ cell count and CD4/CD8 ratio in the IRs increased faster than the IIRs and INRs. The CD4+ cell count growth at 0.5 year and 1 year after HAART in the IRs was significantly higher than the IIRs and INRs. The ROC curve demonstrated that 1 year CD4+ cell count had the highest predictive value, with the best cut-off value of 188 cells/µl, the predictive sensitivity was 81.0%, the predictive specificity was 85.2%, false positive rate was 14.8%, false negative rate was 19.0%, positive predictive value (IR) was 63.0%, negative predictive value (INR) was 93.5%. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, our findings suggest that early initiation of HAART can reduce the immune reconstitution failure. The combination of baseline CD4+ cell count and baseline CD4/CD8 ratio may serve as a valid predictor of immune reconstitution prognosis after HAART.

3.
Support Care Cancer ; 2019 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31049672

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The assessment of nutritional status and the quality of life in patients with gastric cancer has become one of the important goals of current clinical treatment. The purpose of this study was to assess the nutritional status in hospitalized gastric cancer patients by using patient-generated subjective global assessment (PG-SGA) and to analyze the influence of nutritional status on the patients' quality of life (QOL). METHODS: We reviewed the pathological diagnosis of gastric cancer for 2322 hospitalized patients using PG-SGA to assess their nutritional status and collected data on clinical symptoms, the anthropometric parameters (height, weight, body mass index (BMI), mid-arm circumference (MAC), triceps skin-fold thickness (TSF), and hand-grip strength (HGS). We also collected laboratory data (prealbumin, albumin, hemoglobin) within 48 h after the patient was admitted to the hospital. The 30-item European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Core Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) was used for QOL assessment in all patients. RESULTS: By using PG-SGA, we found 80.4% of the patients were malnourished (score ≥ 4) and 45.1% of the patients required urgent nutritional support (score ≥ 9). In univariate analysis, old age (> 65 years, p < 0.001), female (p = 0.007), residence in a village (p = 0.004), a lower level of education (p < 0.001), and self-paying (p < 0.001) were indicated as risk factors of patients with gastric cancer to be suffering from severe malnutrition. There was a negative correlation between PG-SGA and various nutritional parameters (p < 0.05). The quality of life was significantly different in gastric cancer patients with different nutritional status (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Malnutrition of hospitalized patients with gastric cancer in China is common and seriously affects the patients' quality of life. The nutritional status should be evaluated in a timely manner and reasonable nutritional intervention should be provided as soon as possible. The PG-SGA was fit for using as a clinical nutrition assessment method, being worthy of clinical application.

4.
Biochem Cell Biol ; 2019 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31013436

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study focuses on lncRNA XIST, a lncRNA involved in multiple human cancers, and aims to investigate the functional significance of XIST and the molecular mechanism underlying the EMT in PC. METHODS: Clinical specimens from 25 patients and five human bladder cancer cell lines were analyzed for XIST, YAP and microRNA(miR)-34a by qRT-PCR and Immunohistochemistry (IHC). To investigate how XIST influences the cell proliferation, invasion, apoptosis in PC, we performed the CCK-8 assay, transwell assay and flow cytometry. The luciferase reporter assay, qRT-PCR and western blot were applied to validate the miR-34a directly binding with XIST. RESULTS: The up-regulation of XIST and YAP and down-regulation of miR-34a were consistently observed in clinical specimens and PC cell lines. Silencing XIST reduced expression of YAP and suppressed TGF-ß1-induced EMT, while over-expression of XIST increased expression of YAP and promoted EMT. In addition, inhibition of EGF receptor (EGFR) hampered the XIST-promoted EMT. Luciferase reporter assay confirmed miR-34a directly targeted XIST and suggested XIST may regulate the cell proliferation, invasion and apoptosis in PC by sponging miR-34a. CONCLUSIONS: XIST promotes TGF-ß1-induced EMT by regulating miR-34a/YAP/EGFR axis in PC.

5.
Liver Int ; 39(8): 1504-1513, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30721562

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Insulin resistance is strongly associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, a chronic, obesity-related liver disease. Increased endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress plays an important role in the development of insulin resistance. In this study, we investigated the roles of miRNAs in regulating ER stress in the liver of rats with obesity. METHODS: We used miRNA microarray to determine the miRNA expression profiles in the liver of rats fed with a high fat diet (HFD). We used prediction algorithms and luciferase reporter assay to identify the target gene of miRNAs. To overexpress the miRNA miR-30b or inhibit miR-30b rats were injected with lentivirus particles containing PGLV3-miR-30b or PGLV3-miR-30b antimiR through tail vein. Hepatic steatosis was measured using transient elastography in human subjects. RESULTS: Our data showed that miR-30b was markedly up-regulated in the liver of HFD-treated rats. Bioinformatic and in vitro and in vivo studies led us to identify sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca2+ -ATPase 2b (SERCA2b), as a novel target of miR-30b. Overexpression of miR-30b induced ER stress and insulin resistance in rats fed with normal diet, whereas inhibition of miR-30b by miR-30b antimiR suppressed ER stress and insulin resistance in HFD-treated rats. Finally, our data demonstrated that there was a positive correlation between serum miR-30b levels and hepatic steatosis or homoeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) in human subjects. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that miR-30b represents not only a potential target for the treatment of insulin resistance, but also a non-invasive disease biomarker of NAFLD.

6.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(5): 2069-2079, 2019 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30616341

RESUMO

Cubic phase CsPbI3 quantum dots (α-CsPbI3 QDs) as a newly emerging type of semiconducting QDs hold tremendous promise for fundamental research and optoelectronic device applications. However, stable and sub-5 nm-sized α-CsPbI3 QDs have rarely been demonstrated so far due to their highly labile ionic structure and low phase stability. Here, we report a novel strontium-substitution along with iodide passivation strategy to stabilize the cubic phase of CsPbI3, achieving the facile synthesis of α-CsPbI3 QDs with a series of controllable sizes down to sub-5 nm. We demonstrate that the incorporation of strontium ions can significantly increase the formation energies of α-CsPbI3 QDs and hence reduce the structure distortion to stabilize the cubic phase at the few-nanometer size. The size ranging from 15 down to sub-5 nm of as-prepared stable α-CsPbI3 QDs allowed us to investigate their unique size-dependent optical properties. Strikingly, the few-nanometer-sized α-CsPbI3 QDs turned out to retain high photoluminescence and highly close packing in solid state thin films, and the fabricated red light emitting diodes exhibited high brightness (1250 cd m-2 at 9.2 V) and good operational stability (L50 > 2 h driven by 6 V). The developed cation-substitution strategy will provide an alternative method to prepare uniform and finely size-controlled colloidal lead halide perovskite QDs for various optoelectronic applications.

7.
Nanoscale ; 10(41): 19262-19271, 2018 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30324957

RESUMO

Although the efficiency of metal halide perovskite light emitting diodes (PeLEDs) has been improved to an attractive level, the poor stability of perovskite emitting layers is a major concern for the application of PeLEDs. Herein, we report a facile ligand-assisted precipitation synthesis of stable dual-phase CsPbBr3-CsPb2Br5 nanocrystals (NCs) for improving the stability of PeLEDs. In our synthetic process, the bromide-rich circumstance is beneficial to generate high quality dual-phase perovskite NCs with PLQY as high as 92% and a narrow emission linewidth (19 nm). More importantly, as-synthesized dual phase perovskite NCs exhibit extremely high thermal stability in heating tests in air with a considerable humidity of 30%-55% in comparison with previously reported single phase CsPbBr3 NCs. The aforementioned advantages of our synthesized dual-phase CsPbBr3-CsPb2Br5 NCs allow for the fabrication of light emitting layers of PeLEDs under ambient conditions. The fabricated green PeLED based on CsPbBr3-CsPb2Br5 NCs shows a low turn-on voltage of 2.5 V and a high brightness of 8383 cd m-2 at 8 V. Owing to the high stability of dual-phase CsPbBr3-CsPb2Br5 NCs, the fabricated PeLED also exhibits better operational stability in comparison with those PeLEDs based on single phase CsPbBr3 NCs. Our work presents a new route to fabricate stable perovskite light-emitting diodes using room temperature precipitated dual-phase CsPbBr3-CsPb2Br5 NCs as emitting layer materials.

8.
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr ; 27(4): 777-784, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30045421

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Hand grip strength (HGS) has emerged as a predictor of the nutritional status. However, many factors may modify the malnutrition-HGS association. This study explored the nutritional assessment value and determinants of HGS in patients hospitalized with cancer. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: In this multicenter, retrospective, observational study (11,314 patients), the Receiver operator characteristic curve was used to observe HGS and nutritional status sensitivity/specificity. Sex; age; height; weight; mid-upper arm circumference (MAMC); Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) score; Karnofsky score; physical function (PF) domain; cognitive function (CF) domain; global health and quality of life (QL) domain of EORTC QLQ-C30 (a quality of life instrument designed by the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer); and albumin, prealbumin, and hemoglobin levels were included in a Stepwise analysis model to identify the factors influencing HGS. RESULTS: HGS showed a very low diagnostic value and accuracy for identifying severe malnourishment (area under the curve, 0.615-0.640; p<0.01). HGS positively correlated with sex; height; weight; MAMC; Karnofsky score; QL, PF, and CF domains; and hemoglobin and prealbumin levels (Beta= 0.02-0.42, p<=0.05), and negatively with age (Beta=-0.19, p<0.01). However, the PG-SGA score was excluded because of its very limited contribution to HGS variability. CONCLUSIONS: HGS is a mutifactorial index. The use of HGS cutoff values to identify malnutrition is markedly challenging. Thus, HGS may be of limited use as a predictor of nutritional status.

9.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 57(24): 7106-7110, 2018 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29722463

RESUMO

Aggregation-induced emission (AIE) is an attractive phenomenon in which materials display strong luminescence in the aggregated solid states rather than in the conventional dissolved molecular states. However, highly luminescent inks based on AIE are hard to be obtained because of the difficulty in finely controlling the crystallinity of AIE materials at nanoscale. Herein, we report the preparation of highly luminescent inks via oil-in-water microemulsion induced aggregation of Cu-I hybrid clusters based on the highly soluble copper iodide-tris(3-methylphenyl)phosphine (Cu4 I4 (P-(m-Tol)3 )4 ) hybrid. Furthermore, we can synthesize a series of AIE inks with different light-emission colors to cover the whole visible spectrum range via a facile ligand exchange processes. The assemblies of Cu-I hybrid clusters with AIE characteristics will pave the way to fabricate low-cost highly luminescent inks.

10.
J Am Chem Soc ; 140(10): 3626-3634, 2018 03 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29341604

RESUMO

Inorganic perovskite CsPbBr3 nanocrystals (NCs) are emerging, highly attractive light emitters with high color purity and good thermal stability for light-emitting diodes (LEDs). Their high photo/electroluminescence efficiencies are very important for fabricating efficient LEDs. Here, we propose a novel strategy to enhance the photo/electroluminescence efficiency of CsPbBr3 NCs through doping of heterovalent Ce3+ ions via a facile hot-injection method. The Ce3+ cation was chosen as the dopant for CsPbBr3 NCs by virtue of its similar ion radius and formation of higher energy level of conduction band with bromine in comparison with the Pb2+ cation to maintain the integrity of perovskite structure without introducing additional trap states. It was found that by increasing the doping amount of Ce3+ in CsPbBr3 NCs to 2.88% (atomic percentage of Ce compared to Pb) the photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) of CsPbBr3 NCs reached up to 89%, a factor of 2 increase in comparison with the native, undoped ones. The ultrafast transient absorption and time-resolved photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy revealed that Ce3+-doping can significantly modulate the PL kinetics to enhance the PL efficiency of doped CsPbBr3 NCs. As a result, the LED device fabricated by adopting Ce3+-doped CsPbBr3 NCs as the emitting layers exhibited a pronounced improvement of electroluminescence with external quantum efficiency (EQE) from 1.6 to 4.4% via Ce3+-doping.

11.
Langmuir ; 34(2): 595-602, 2018 01 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29251940

RESUMO

Using nanocrystals as "artificial atoms" to construct supercrystals is an interesting process to explore the stacking style of nanoscale building blocks and corresponding collective properties. Various types of semiconducting supercrystals have been constructed via the assembly of nanocrystals driven by the entropic, electrostatic, or van der Waals interactions. We report a new type of metal halide perovskite supercrystals via the gold-bromide complex triggered assembly of newly emerged attractive CsPbBr3 nanocubes. Through introducing gold-bromide (Au-Br) complexes into CsPbBr3 nanocubes suspension, the self-assembly process of CsPbBr3 nanocubes to form supercrystals was investigated with the different amount of Au-Br complexes added to the suspensions, which indicates that the driven force of the formation of CsPbBr3 supercrystals included the van der Waals interactions among carbon chains and electrostatic interactions between Au-Br complexes and surfactants. Accordingly, the optical properties change with the assembly of CsPbBr3 nanocubes and the variation of mesoscale structures of supercrystals with heating treatment was revealed as well, demonstrating the ionic characteristics of CsPbBr3 nanocrystals. The fabricated CsPbBr3 supercrystal presents a novel type of semiconducting supercrystals that will open an avenue for the assembly of ionic nanocrystals.

12.
Mol Med Rep ; 16(6): 8854-8862, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28990060

RESUMO

Human immunodeficiency virus­1 (HIV­1) infection severely damages the gut­associated lymphoid tissue (GALT), the immune system and the gut barrier, which leads to accelerating the disease progression for patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). Dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) may contribute to this process. However, few studies have investigated the importance of miRNAs in AIDS pathogenesis and progression. The whole miRNA profile of patients with HIV infection from southwest P.R. China and the mode of interaction between HIV­1 and miRNAs remains to be elucidated. Colon mucosal samples were collected from HIV+ patients and HIV­ healthy individuals, miRNAs were isolated and subjected to array hybridization in the present study. A total of 476 human and virus­derived microRNAs were significantly altered in the HIV+ group when compared with the control group (P<0.05), which may be involved in the progression to AIDS. Target genes of the significantly altered miRNAs were predicted using the TargetScan, miRbase and miRanda databases and the 10 shared target genes of upregulated miRNAs and the 391 target genes of downregulated miRNAs were selected. As only 10 target genes were predicted for upregulated miRNAs, subsequent GO and KEGG pathway analyses were focused on the 391 target genes of the downregulated miRNAs. The findings of the present study identified a series of crucial pathways, including cell­extracellular matrix interaction and chemokine regulation, which indicated close affinity with CD4+ T cell activation. These pathways, involving genes such as integrin α5, led to a gut barrier dysfunction of patients with HIV. Important miRNAs include hsa­miRNA­32­5p, hsa­miRNA­195­5p, hsa­miRNA­20b­5p, hsa­miRNA­590­5p. The expression levels of the miRNAs and their target genes were confirmed using RT­qPCR. Taking into previous observations, the findings of the present study identified the importance of miRNAs for regulating gut barrier dysfunction via multiple regulatory molecules and signaling pathways, which elucidated the underlying molecular mechanism of gut barrier dysfunction in patients with HIV.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/genética , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , Transcriptoma , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/imunologia , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/patologia , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/virologia , Adulto , Contagem de Linfócito CD4 , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Biológicos , Carga Viral
13.
Yi Chuan ; 39(6): 482-490, 2017 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28903907

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the leading causes of cancer deaths in China. A standard practice in treating metastatic CRC (mCRC) is to predict benefits of the anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody treatment based on the somatic mutation spectrum. Because metastatic samples are difficult to obtain clinically, primary tumors are normally used instead. However, due to the genetic heterogeneity between primary and paired metastatic tumors, primary site biopsy always underrepresents the mutational landscape of metastatic sites. Currently, the extent of genetic heterogeneity between primary and paired mCRC is still under debate. Here, we review comparative studies of primary and matched mCRC and discuss the underlying causes and potential strategies.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Metástase Neoplásica/genética , Metástase Neoplásica/patologia , Heterogeneidade Genética , Humanos , Mutação/genética
14.
Med Sci Monit ; 23: 3026-3038, 2017 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28635682

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Hypermethylation of CpG islands in gene promoter regions is an important mechanism of gene inactivation in cancers. Promoter hypermethylation of human mutL homolog 1 (hMLH1) has been implicated in a subset of colorectal cancers that show microsatellite instability (MSI), while the connection of the epigenetic inactivation of hMLH1 in colorectal cancers remains unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the promoter hypermethylation of hMLH1 and colorectal cancers by performing a meta-analysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS Eligible studies were identified through searching PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and Google Scholar databases. R Software including meta packages was used to calculate the pooled and odds ratios (ORs) with corresponding confidence intervals (CIs). Funnel plots were also performed to evaluate publication bias. RESULTS This meta-analysis obtained 45 articles, including 4096 colorectal cancer patients, and identified a significant association between hMLH1 hypermethylation and colorectal cancer risk using the fixed-effects model (OR=8.3820; 95% CI, 6.9202~10.1527; z=21.7431; P<0.0001) and random effects model pooled (OR=10.0963; 95% CI, 6.1919~16.4626; z=9.2688; P<0.0001). The significant relationship was found in subgroup analyses. CONCLUSIONS The results of this meta-analysis show a significant association between hMLH1 hypermethylation and colorectal cancer risk.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Metilação de DNA/genética , Proteína 1 Homóloga a MutL/genética , Humanos , Instabilidade de Microssatélites , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Viés de Publicação , Fatores de Risco
15.
PLoS One ; 12(6): e0178218, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28575042

RESUMO

Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), an important factor in systematic inflammation, is reportedly involved in several cancer types. The TNF-α -308 G>A (rs1800629) polymorphism in the promoter region influences TNF-α production. The association between TNF-α -308 G>A polymorphism and colorectal cancer (CRC) is not fully understood, especially the connections between TNF-α -308 G>A polymorphism and clinical features of CRC. In this study, TNF-α -308 G>A polymorphism was genotyped in 1140 individuals with or without CRC from Southwestern China. In case-control studies, we found no association between TNF-α -308 G>A polymorphism and CRC risk. Analysis of the correlations between TNF-α -308 G>A polymorphism and clinical features of CRC revealed that TNF-α -308 A allele was associated with higher body mass index (BMI) larger tumor size, and distant tumor metastasis in all CRC patients. Notably, rectal cancer (a subtype of CRC) patients with TNF-α -308 A allele had a very high risk of distant tumor metastasis [odds ratio (OR) = 4.481; 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.072-9.693; P = 0.00025]. The association between TNF-α -308 A allele and distant tumor metastasis remained even significant after adjusting all clinical characteristics (OR = 7.099; 95% CI: 2.482-20.301; P = 0.000256) in rectal cancer patients. Our results suggested that TNF-α -308 A allele was significantly associated with distant tumor metastasis in rectal cancer patients.


Assuntos
Colo/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Reto/patologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Alelos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , Colo/metabolismo , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica/genética , Metástase Neoplásica/patologia , Reto/metabolismo
16.
Brain Res ; 1660: 1-9, 2017 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28143715

RESUMO

Breviscapine, a standardized Chinese herbal medicine extracted from Erigeron breviscapine, has been widely used to treat cerebrovascular diseases. However, there are no reports about the neuroprotective effects and underlying molecular mechanisms of breviscapine on traumatic brain injury (TBI). Therefore, this study was aimed to investigate the effects of breviscapine on rats with TBI insult and illuminate the underlying mechanism. We created a traumatic brain-injured model with breviscapine lateral ventricle injection and evaluated the expressional changes of glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta (GSK3ß) as well as the GSK3ß-involved signaling pathways including apoptosis and axonal growth. At 7, 14, 21days after injection, we found a great reduction of motor disability in TBI rats following breviscapine treatment, which was accompanied with a notably increased expression of phospho-Ser9-GSK3ß (p-Ser9-GSK3ß) and decreased expression of phosphor-Try216-GSK3ß (p-Try216-GSK3ß) at 7days after injection. Concomitantly, an enhanced expression of synaptic marker synaptophysin (SYP) together with a weakened expression of pro-apoptotic caspase3 was observed after TBI rats were treated with breviscapine. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase deoxy-UTP-nick end labeling (TUNEL) immunohistochemical assay and SYP immunofluorescence staining also confirmed the result. This study suggests that breviscapine inhibits the GSK3ß signaling pathway to promote neurobehavioral function following neurotrauma. These events may provide a new insight into the mechanism of breviscapine treating brain injury.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/enzimologia , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/antagonistas & inibidores , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/fisiologia , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/enzimologia , Encéfalo/patologia , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/patologia , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/metabolismo , Masculino , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica/fisiologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Sinaptofisina/metabolismo
17.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 55(29): 8328-32, 2016 07 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27213688

RESUMO

All-inorganic cesium lead-halide perovskite nanocrystals have emerged as attractive optoelectronic nanomaterials owing to their stabilities and highly efficient photoluminescence. Herein we report a new type of highly luminescent perovskite-related CsPb2 Br5 nanoplatelets synthesized by a facile precipitation reaction. The layered crystal structure of CsPb2 Br5 promoted an anisotropic two-dimensional (2D) crystal growth during the precipitation process, thus enabling the large-scale synthesis of CsPb2 Br5 nanoplatelets. Fast anion exchange has also been demonstrated in as-synthesized CsPb2 Br5 nanoplatelets to extend their photoluminescence spectra to the entire visible spectral region. The large-scale synthesis and optical tunability of CsPb2 Br5 nanoplatelets will be advantageous in future applications of optoelectronic devices.

18.
PLoS One ; 11(3): e0152673, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27023146

RESUMO

Intratumor heterogeneity (ITH) leads to an underestimation of the mutational landscape portrayed by a single needle biopsy and consequently affects treatment precision. The extent of colorectal cancer (CRC) genetic ITH is not well understood in Chinese patients. Thus, we conducted deep sequencing by using the OncoGxOne™ Plus panel, targeting 333 cancer-specific genes in multi-region biopsies of primary and liver metastatic tumors from three Chinese CRC patients. We determined that the extent of ITH varied among the three cases. On average, 65% of all the mutations detected were common within individual tumors. KMT2C aberrations and the NCOR1 mutation were the only ubiquitous events. Subsequent phylogenetic analysis showed that the tumors evolved in a branched manner. Comparison of the primary and metastatic tumors revealed that PPP2R1A (E370X), SETD2 (I1608V), SMAD4 (G382T), and AR splicing site mutations may be specific to liver metastatic cancer. These mutations might contribute to the initiation and progression of distant metastasis. Collectively, our analysis identified a substantial level of genetic ITH in CRC, which should be considered for personalized therapeutic strategies.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Heterogeneidade Genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos , Idoso , Feminino , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Mutação INDEL/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Filogenia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética
19.
Mitochondrial DNA A DNA Mapp Seq Anal ; 27(3): 2221-4, 2016 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25431816

RESUMO

The acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in humans was one of the chronic infections caused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and the interactions between viral infection and mitochondrial energetic implicated that mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variation(s) may effect genetic susceptibility to AIDS. Thus, to illustrate the maternal genetic structure and further identify whether mtDNA variation(s) can effect HIV infection among southwest Chinese AIDS group, the whole mtDNA control region sequences of 70 AIDS patients and 480 health individuals from southwest China were analyzed here. Our results indicated the plausible recent genetic admixture results of AIDS group; comparison of matrilineal components between AIDS and matched Han groups showed that mtDNA haplogroup A (p = 0.048, OR = 3.006, 95% CI = 1.109-8.145) has a significant higher difference between the two groups; further comparison illustrated that mtDNA mutations 16,209 (p = 0.046, OR = 2.607, 95% CI = 0.988-6.876) and 16,319 (p = 0.009, OR = 2.965, 95% CI = 1.278-6.876) have significant differences between AIDS and matched control groups, and both of which were the defining variations of mtDNA haplogroup A, they further confirmed that mtDNA haplogroup A may confer genetic susceptibility to AIDS. Our results suggested that haplogroup A may confer a genetic susceptibility to AIDS group from Southwest China.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Infecções por HIV/genética , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/etiologia , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/patologia , China , DNA/química , DNA/isolamento & purificação , DNA/metabolismo , DNA Mitocondrial/química , DNA Mitocondrial/metabolismo , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/patologia , Haplótipos , Humanos , Razão de Chances , Polimorfismo Genético , Análise de Sequência de DNA
20.
Mitochondrial DNA A DNA Mapp Seq Anal ; 27(4): 2385-6, 2016 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26006284

RESUMO

Falconiformes include most of the predatory birds, they play crucial role in maintaining the balance of ecology system. To further illustrate the phylogenetic status for the species of Falconiformes, the entire mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) genome of Falco naumanni was amplified and sequenced, further phylogenetic analysis was performed by incorporating with other 8 entire mtDNA genomes representing 8 species of predatory birds by taking the Apus apus and Haematopus ater as out-groups. Our results indicated that the mtDNA genome of F. naumanni includes 17,370 base pairs in length, which has the similar organization and gene order with other mtDNA genomes of the species belonging to Falconiformes. Further phylogenetic analyses supported that the F. naumanni clustered with other species of Falconidae, which formed the sister group of Accipitridae, Cathartes aura located at the basal position with Haematopus ater. In addition, Pandion haliaetus was clustered with other species of Accipitridae, which was conflict with the traditional classification system by taking P. haliaetus as an independent Familia of Falconidae.


Assuntos
Falconiformes/classificação , Falconiformes/genética , Genoma Mitocondrial , Animais , Composição de Bases , Genes Mitocondriais , Tamanho do Genoma , Fases de Leitura Aberta , Filogenia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
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