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1.
Int J Biol Sci ; 20(9): 3285-3301, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38993559

RESUMO

Metabolic reprogramming is one of the essential features of tumors that may dramatically contribute to cancer metastasis. Employing liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry-based metabolomics, we analyzed the metabolic profile from 12 pairwise serum samples of NSCLC brain metastasis patients before and after CyberKnife Stereotactic Radiotherapy. We evaluated the histopathological architecture of 144 surgically resected NSCLC brain metastases. Differential metabolites were screened and conducted for functional clustering and annotation. Metabolomic profiling identified a pathway that was enriched in the metabolism of branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs). Pathologically, adenocarcinoma with a solid growth pattern has a higher propensity for brain metastasis. Patients with high BCAT1 protein levels in lung adenocarcinoma tissues were associated with a poor prognosis. We found that brain NSCLC cells had elevated catabolism of BCAAs, which led to a depletion of α-KG. This depletion, in turn, reduced the expression and activity of the m6A demethylase ALKBH5. Thus, ALKBH5 inhibition participated in maintaining the m6A methylation of mesenchymal genes and promoted the occurrence of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in NSCLC cells and the proliferation of NSCLC cells in the brain. BCAA catabolism plays an essential role in the metastasis of NSCLC cells.


Assuntos
Homólogo AlkB 5 da RNA Desmetilase , Neoplasias Encefálicas , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Encefálicas/secundário , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Homólogo AlkB 5 da RNA Desmetilase/metabolismo , Homólogo AlkB 5 da RNA Desmetilase/genética , Masculino , Feminino , Aminoácidos de Cadeia Ramificada/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Transaminases
2.
iScience ; 27(6): 109888, 2024 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38947517

RESUMO

Stem cell therapy for intrauterine adhesions (IUAs) has been widely used in clinical treatment. However, intravenous injection lacks sufficient targeting capabilities, while in situ injection poses challenges in ensuring the effective survival of stem cells. Furthermore, the mechanism underlying the interaction between stem cells and endometrial cells in vivo remains poorly understood, and there is a lack of suitable in vitro models for studying these problems. Here, we designed an extracellular matrix (ECM)-adhesion mimic hydrogel for intrauterine administration, which was more effective than direct injection in treating IUAs. Additionally, we analyzed the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and confirmed that the activation of endometrial epithelial stem cells is pivotal. Our findings demonstrated that umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) secrete WNT7A to activate endometrial epithelial stem cells, thereby accelerating regeneration of the endometrial epithelium. Concurrently, under transforming growth factor alpha (TGFA) stimulation secreted by the EMT epithelium, UC-MSCs upregulate E-cadherin while partially implanting into the endometrial epithelium.

3.
Chin Med ; 19(1): 90, 2024 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38951913

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Given the high cost of endoscopy in gastric cancer (GC) screening, there is an urgent need to explore cost-effective methods for the large-scale prediction of precancerous lesions of gastric cancer (PLGC). We aim to construct a hierarchical artificial intelligence-based multimodal non-invasive method for pre-endoscopic risk screening, to provide tailored recommendations for endoscopy. METHODS: From December 2022 to December 2023, a large-scale screening study was conducted in Fujian, China. Based on traditional Chinese medicine theory, we simultaneously collected tongue images and inquiry information from 1034 participants, considering the potential of these data for PLGC screening. Then, we introduced inquiry information for the first time, forming a multimodality artificial intelligence model to integrate tongue images and inquiry information for pre-endoscopic screening. Moreover, we validated this approach in another independent external validation cohort, comprising 143 participants from the China-Japan Friendship Hospital. RESULTS: A multimodality artificial intelligence-assisted pre-endoscopic screening model based on tongue images and inquiry information (AITonguequiry) was constructed, adopting a hierarchical prediction strategy, achieving tailored endoscopic recommendations. Validation analysis revealed that the area under the curve (AUC) values of AITonguequiry were 0.74 for overall PLGC (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.71-0.76, p < 0.05) and 0.82 for high-risk PLGC (95% CI 0.82-0.83, p < 0.05), which were significantly and robustly better than those of the independent use of either tongue images or inquiry information alone. In addition, AITonguequiry has superior performance compared to existing PLGC screening methodologies, with the AUC value enhancing 45% in terms of PLGC screening (0.74 vs. 0.51, p < 0.05) and 52% in terms of high-risk PLGC screening (0.82 vs. 0.54, p < 0.05). In the independent external verification, the AUC values were 0.69 for PLGC and 0.76 for high-risk PLGC. CONCLUSION: Our AITonguequiry artificial intelligence model, for the first time, incorporates inquiry information and tongue images, leading to a higher precision and finer-grained pre-endoscopic screening of PLGC. This enhances patient screening efficiency and alleviates patient burden.

4.
Reprod Sci ; 2024 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38995602

RESUMO

In this study, we aimed to investigate the molecular mechanisms of RNA N6-methyladenosine (m6A) modification and how its associated proteins affect granulosa cell aging. A granulosa cell senescence model was constructed to detect the differences in total RNA m6A modification levels and the expression of related enzymes. Changes in downstream molecular expression and the effects on the cellular senescence phenotype were explored by repeatedly knocking down and overexpressing the key genes fat mass and obesity-associated protein (FTO), YT521-B homology domain family member 2 (YTHDF2), and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP2). There was an increased total RNA m6A modification and decreased expression of the demethylase FTO and target gene MMP2 in senescent granulosa cells. FTO and MMP2 knockdown promoted granulosa cell senescence, whereas FTO and MMP2 overexpression retarded it. YTHDF2 and FTO can bind to the messenger RNA of MMP2. The extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway, which is downstream of MMP2, retarded the process of granulosa cell senescence through ERK activators. In granulosa cells, FTO can regulate the expression of MMP2 in an m6A-YTHDF2-dependent manner, influencing the activation status of the ERK pathway and contributing to the aging process of granulosa cells.

5.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 16(6): 2781-2792, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38994139

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors in the world, and its occurrence and development involve complex biological processes. Iron death, as a new cell death mode, has attracted wide attention in recent years. However, the regulatory mechanism of iron death in gastric cancer and its effect on lipid peroxidation metabolism remain unclear. AIM: To explore the role of iron death in the development of gastric cancer, reveal its relationship with lipid peroxidation, and provide a new theoretical basis for revealing the molecular mechanism of the occurrence and development of gastric cancer. METHODS: The process of iron death in gastric cancer cells was simulated by cell culture model, and the occurrence of iron death was detected by fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry. The changes of gene expression related to iron death and lipid peroxidation metabolism were analyzed by high-throughput sequencing technology. In addition, a mouse model of gastric cancer was established, and the role of iron death in vivo was studied by histology and immunohistochemistry, and the level of lipid peroxidation was detected. These methods comprehensively and deeply reveal the regulatory mechanism of iron death on lipid peroxidation metabolism in the occurrence and development of gastric cancer. RESULTS: Iron death was significantly activated in gastric cancer cells, and at the same time, associated lipid peroxidation levels increased significantly. Through high-throughput sequencing analysis, it was found that iron death regulated the expression of several genes related to lipid metabolism. In vivo experiments demonstrated that increased iron death in gastric cancer mice was accompanied by a significant increase in lipid peroxidation. CONCLUSION: This study confirmed the important role of iron death in regulating lipid peroxidation metabolism in the occurrence and development of gastric cancer. The activation of iron death significantly increased lipid peroxidation levels, revealing its regulatory mechanism inside the cell.

6.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202407628, 2024 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39007234

RESUMO

The electro-Fenton (EF) process is an advanced oxidation technology with significant potential; however, it is limited by two steps: generation and activation of H2O2. In contrast to the production of H2O2 via the electrochemical two-electron oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), the electrochemical three-electron (3e-) ORR can directly activate molecular oxygen to yield the hydroxyl radical (·OH), thus breaking through the conceptual and operational limitations of the traditional EF reaction. Therefore, the 3e- ORR is a vital process for efficiently producing ·OH in situ, thus charting a new path toward the development of green water-treatment technologies. This review summarizes the characteristics and mechanisms of the 3e- ORR, focusing on the basic principles and latest progress in the in situ generation and efficient utilization of ·OH through the modulation of the reaction pathway, shedding light on the rational design of 3e- ORR catalysts, mechanistic exploration, and practical applications for water treatment. Finally, the future developments and challenges of efficient, stable, and large-scale utilization of ·OH are discussed based on achieving optimal 3e- ORR regulation and the potential to combine it with other technologies.

7.
Toxicol Rep ; 13: 101682, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39006370

RESUMO

A traditional Chinese herbal medicine formula named Huang-Lian-Jie-Du Decoction (HLJDD) has been used to cure various inflammatory diseases with a long history. However, one component of HLJDD Gardeniae fructus has remarkable liver and kidney toxicities. Therefore, it was altered with Dictamni cortex to form a modified HLJDD (MHLJDD). In this study, we aimed to evaluate the sub-chronic toxicity of the active fraction of MHLJDD (MHLJDD-F) in rats. Adult rats of both sexes were intragastrically administered with vehicle or MHLJDD-F (at the dose of 170, 340, and 680 mg/kg/day) once daily for 90 days. Half of the rats from each group were kept for an additional 30-day period to observe the drug withdrawal effect. The signs of toxicity and mortality of the rats were observed, and the body weight and food consumption were recorded. Blood was collected for hematological and biochemical analyses and major organs were weighed and harvested for histopathological examinations. The results revealed that no systemic toxicity of MHLJDD-F was found during the experiments. Organ coefficients and pathological alterations of major organs were comparable to the control rats. The no-observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) of MHLJDD-F was found up to 680 mg/kg/day. All these results demonstrated that long-term oral administration of MHLJDD-F did not cause significant toxicity, which is worthy to be widely applied as a new herbal medicine in pre-clinical and clinical studies.

8.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 24(1): 332, 2024 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38956489

RESUMO

The anticancer drug of tyrosine kinase-inhibitors (TKIs) has significantly improved the prognosis of patients with specific leukemia but has also increased the risk of organ adverse reactions. Herein, we present a case of a patient diagnosed with myeloproliferative neoplasms who experienced recurrent chest pain after receiving treatment with Olverembatinib. Electrocardiography and coronary angiography confirmed the diagnosis of myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries. This case serves as a reminder for clinicians to pay more attention and actively prevent the cardiac adverse reactions of TKIs when using such medications.


Assuntos
Angiografia Coronária , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases , Humanos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Eletrocardiografia , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/induzido quimicamente , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Cardiotoxicidade , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
9.
Dev Med Child Neurol ; 2024 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38946133

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the impact of severe neonatal brain injury (SNBI) on gestational age-related trends in neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) outcome in infants born very preterm. METHOD: A population-based cohort study recruited 1091 infants born at a gestational age of less than 31 weeks between 2011 and 2020. The trends in neonatal morbidities, mortality, and 24-month NDI severity (no/mild, moderate, severe) by epoch (2011-2015, 2016-2020) and gestational age (22-25 weeks, 26-28 weeks, 29-30 weeks) were determined in infants with and without SNBI inclusion. RESULTS: There was increased antenatal steroid use and higher maternal education and socioeconomic status over time. The rates of neonatal morbidities and mortality had no temporal changes. Among 825 infants with follow-up, those in the 22 to 25 weeks gestational age group had declining trends in cerebral palsy and severe cognitive impairment, with decreased rates of severe NDI from 19% to 8% across epochs, particularly in those without SNBI (from 16% to 2%). Relative to its occurrence in epoch 2011 to 2015, risk of severe NDI was significantly reduced in epoch 2016 to 2020 (adjusted relative risk 0.39, 95% confidence interval 0.16-0.96) for infants born at 22 to 25 weeks gestational age, and the risk dropped even lower in these infants without SNBI (0.12, 0.02-0.84). INTERPRETATION: Infants born at 22 to 25 weeks gestational age had decreased rates of severe NDI in the decade between 2011 and 2020, particularly those without SNBI. The improvement might be attributed to better perinatal/neonatal and after-discharge care.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38969884

RESUMO

How to address climate risks and achieve green transformation has become a critical issue that businesses urgently need to consider. We apply growth option theory and prospect theory to examine the impact of corporate climate risk perceptions on green outward foreign direct investment (GFDI) using a research sample of heavily polluting listed companies in China from 2009 to 2022. Our findings reveal that companies with higher perceived climate risks tend to increase their inclination towards GFDI, and the informal hierarchy of boards reinforces the positive effect of both. Supplementary analyses indicate that through GFDI, corporations can exert positive effects on their own environmental performance and future green innovations. The positive impact is notably more visible in nonstate-owned companies and sample units from provinces along the Belt and Road. These findings extend the economic consequences of climate risk at the firm level from the perspective of international business research and provide empirical references for firms to promote their own green transformation from a practical perspective.

11.
J Thorac Dis ; 16(6): 3909-3922, 2024 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38983179

RESUMO

Background: Immunochemotherapy was an emerging neoadjuvant treatment mode that can potentially benefit patients with esophageal carcinoma, but its synergistic mechanism and impact on the tumor immune microenvironment were still unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the outcomes of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (nCT) and neoadjuvant immunochemotherapy (nICT) in tumor microenvironment (TME) remodeling among patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and to evaluate the prognostic value of immune-related biomarkers and clinicopathological characteristics. Methods: Patients with locally advanced ESCC who underwent neoadjuvant therapy followed by esophagectomy at the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University between December 2019 and March 2022 were enrolled in this retrospective study. We examined TME features and immune antigen-related biomarkers before and after neoadjuvant therapy. Logistic and Cox regression model were used to evaluate the correlation between these factors and other clinical features and outcomes. Results: A total of 50 eligible participants were analyzed, including 31 males (62%), 25 patients of ≥65 years old, 4/28/18 of upper/middle/lower thoracic cancer, 25/17/8 of poor/moderate/high tumor differentiation, 8/42 of cT1+2/T3+4 stages and 30/20 of cN0/N+ stages. In the entire cohort, the rates of pathological complete response (pCR) and major pathological response (MPR) were 18% and 30%, respectively. pCR rates were 7.1% and 22.2% (χ2=0.699; P=0.40) MPR rates were 7.1% and 38.9% (χ2=4.837; P=0.03) in the nCT and nICT groups, respectively. Compared with the non-pCR patients, the pCR patients had a higher baseline programmed cell death ligand-1 (PD-L1) tumor proportion score (TPS) positive expression rate (16.7% vs. 77.8%, χ2=13.089; P<0.001). Following neoadjuvant therapy, the expression rates of PD-L1, CD3+ T cells, and CD8+ T cells in the tumor tissue was higher in the nICT group compared to the nCT group (P<0.05). Deficient expression of mismatch repair (MMR) genes was only observed in one patient (2%). Among patient-related biomarkers, lymphocyte and neutrophil counts decreased after treatment, with no significant changes in the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio or platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR). Cox regression analysis showed that pretreatment, well-differentiated tumors and positive PD-L1 status were positive predictors of MPR (P<0.05). MPR was an independent predictor of disease-free survival (DFS) (P=0.03). Conclusions: Compared to nCT, nICT could more significantly upregulates PD-L1 TPS, PD-L1 combined positive score (CPS), CD3+ T cells, and CD8+ T cells. Pretreatment tumor differentiation and PD-L1 TPS level could be predictive of MPR. Our findings suggested that the combination of chemotherapy and immunotherapy may be more beneficial for activating anti-tumor immunity in the TME.

12.
J Hypertens ; 2024 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38860405

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary hypertension is a severe complication of bronchiectasis, characterized by elevated pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) and subsequent right heart failure. The association between PVR and mortality in bronchiectasis-associated pulmonary hypertension has not been investigated previously. METHODS: In the present study, a retrospective analysis was conducted on 139 consecutive patients diagnosed with bronchiectasis-associated pulmonary hypertension based on right heart catheterization, enrolled between January 2010 and June 2023. Baseline clinical characteristics and hemodynamic assessment were analyzed. The survival time for each patient was calculated in months from the date of diagnosis until the date of death or, if the patient was still alive, until their last visit. RESULTS: Patients with bronchiectasis-associated pulmonary hypertension exhibited estimated survival rates of 89.5, 70, and 52.9 at 1-year, 3-year, and 5-year intervals respectively, with a median survival time of 67 months. Multivariable Cox regression analysis revealed that increased age [(adjusted hazard ratio per year 1.042, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.008-1.076, P = 0.015] and elevated PVR (adjusted HR per 1 Wood Units 1.115, 95% CI 1.015-1.224, P = 0.023) were associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality. In contrast, higher BMI was associated with a decreased risk of all-cause death (adjusted hazard ratio per 1 kg/m2 0.915, 95% CI 0.856-0.979, P = 0.009). Receiver-operating characteristic analyses identified a cutoff value for PVR at 4 Wood Units as predictive for all-cause death within 3 years [area under the curve (AUC) = 0.624; specificity= 87.5%; sensitivity= 35.8%; P < 0.05]. Patients with a PVR greater than 4 Wood Units had a significantly higher risk of all-cause death compared with those with 4 Wood Units or less (adjusted hazard ratio 2.392; 95% CI 1.316-4.349; P = 0.019). Notably, there were no significant differences in age, sex, BMI, WHO functional class, 6-min walk distance, and NT-proBNP levels at baseline between patients categorized as having 4 Wood Units or less or greater than 4 Wood Units for PVR. CONCLUSION: Based on these data, PVR could serve as a discriminative marker for distinguishing between nonsevere pulmonary hypertension (PVR ≤ 4 Wood Units) and severe pulmonary hypertension (PVR > 4 Wood Units). The utilization of a PVR cutoff value of 4.0 Wood Units provides enhanced prognostic capabilities for predicting mortality.

13.
Chin Med ; 19(1): 81, 2024 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38858762

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a long-term inflammatory skin disease. A novel herbal formula containing nine Chinese herbal medicines, named Inflammation Skin Disease Formula (ISDF), has been prescribed in clinics for decades. AIMS: To investigate the efficacy and action mechanisms of ISDF on psoriasis using imiquimod (IMQ) and Interleukin-23 (IL-23)-induced models in mice and reveal the pharmacokinetics profile of ISDF in rats. METHODS: Topical administration of IMQ and intradermal injection with IL-23 respectively induced skin lesions like psoriasis on the dorsal area of Balb/c and C57 mice. The mice's body weight, skin thickness, and psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) were assessed weekly. SD rats were used in the pharmacokinetics study and the contents of berberine and baicalin were determined. RESULTS: The PASI scores and epidermal thickness of mice were markedly decreased after ISDF treatment in both models. ISDF treatment significantly decreased the contents of IL-17A and IL-22 in the serum of IMQ- and IL-23-treated mice. Importantly, ISDF markedly downregulated IL-4, IL-6, IL-1ß, and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) gene expression, and the phosphorylation of NF-κB p65, JNK, ERKs and MAPK p38 in IMQ-treated mice. The protein phosphorylation of Jak1, Jak2, Tyk2 and Stat3 was significantly mitigated in the ISDF-treated groups. The absorption of baicalin and berberine of ISDF through the gastrointestinal tract of rats was limited, and their distribution and metabolism in rats were also very slow, which suggested ISDF could be used in the long-term application. CONCLUSIONS: ISDF has a strong anti-psoriatic therapeutic effect on mouse models induced with psoriasis through IMQ and IL-23, which is achieved by inhibiting the activation of the Jak/Stat3-activated IL-23/Th17 axis and the downstream NF-κB signalling and MAPK signalling pathways. ISDF holds great potential to be a therapy for psoriasis and should be further developed for this purpose.

14.
Materials (Basel) ; 17(11)2024 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38893906

RESUMO

This study subjected nuclear-grade 20# pipeline steel to cyclic freeze-thaw ice plugging tests, simulating the plastic deformation experienced by pipes during ice plug removal procedures. Subsequently, the dislocation morphology and mechanical properties of the specimens post cyclic ice plugging were examined. The cyclic ice plugging process led to an increase in the dislocation density within the specimens. After 20 and 40 cycles of ice plugging, the internal dislocation structures evolved from individual dislocation lines and dislocation tangles to high-density dislocation walls and dislocation cells. These high-density dislocation walls and cells hindered dislocation motion, giving rise to strain hardening phenomena, thereby resulting in increased strength and hardness of the specimens with an increasing number of ice plugging cycles. In addition, a large stress field was generated around the dislocation buildup, which reduced the pipe material's plastic toughness. The findings elucidate the effects of cyclic ice plugging on the microstructure and properties of nuclear-grade 20# pipeline steel, aiming to provide a theoretical basis for the safe and stable application of ice plugging technology in nuclear piping systems.

15.
Environ Pollut ; 357: 124418, 2024 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38908673

RESUMO

Polystyrene nanoparticles (PS NPs) released from plastic products have been demonstrated to pose a threat to leaf litter decomposition in streams. Given the multitrophic systems of species interactions, the effects of PS NPs through different exposure routes on ecosystem functioning remain unclear. Especially dietary exposure, a frequently overlooked pathway leading to toxicity, deserves more attention. A microcosm experiment was conducted in this study to assess the effects of waterborne and dietary exposure to PS NPs on the litter-based food chain involving leaves, microbial decomposers, and detritivores (river snails). Compared to waterborne contamination, dietary contamination resulted in lower microbial enzyme activities and a significantly higher decrease in the lipid content of leaves. For river snails, their antioxidant activity was significantly increased by 20.21%-69.93%, and their leaf consumption rate was significantly reduced by 16.60% through the dietary route due to the lower lipid content of leaves. Besides, the significantly decreased nutritional quality of river snails would negatively influence their palatability to predators. The findings of this study indicate that dietary exposure to PS NPs significantly impacts microbial and detritivore activities, thus affecting their functions in the detritus food chain as well as nutrient cycling.

16.
Front Neurol ; 15: 1389203, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38933327

RESUMO

Background: For children who are unable to cooperate due to severe dental anxiety (DA), dental treatment of childhood caries under Dental General Anesthesia (DGA) is a safe and high-quality treatment method. This study aims to evaluate the impact on neurocognitive functions and the growth and development of children 2 years after dental procedure based on previous research, and further establish a causal relationship between general anesthesia (GA) and changes in children's neurocognitive functions by incorporating Mendelian Randomization (MR) analysis. Methods: Data were collected and analyzed from 340 cases of S-ECC procedures of preschool children conducted in 2019. This involved comparing the neurocognitive outcomes 2 years post-operation of preschool children receiving dental procedures under general anesthesia or local anesthesia. Physical development indicators such as height, weight, and body mass index (BMI) of children were also compared at baseline, half a year post-operation, and 2 years post-operation. We performed a Mendelian randomization analysis on the causal relationship between children's cognitive development and general anesthesia, drawing on a large-scale meta-analysis of GWAS for anesthesia, including multiple general anesthesia datasets. Results: Outcome data were obtained for 111 children in the general anesthesia group and 121 children in the local anesthesia group. The mean FSIQ score for the general anesthesia group was 106.77 (SD 6.96), while the mean score for the local anesthesia group was 106.36 (SD 5.88). FSIQ scores were equivalent between the two groups. The incidence of malnutrition in children in the general anesthesia group was 27.93% (p < 0.001) before surgery and decreased to 15.32% (p > 0.05) after 2 years, which was not different from the general population. The IVW method suggested that the causal estimate (p = 0.99 > 0.05, OR = 1.04, 95% CI = 5.98 × 10-4-1.82 × 103) was not statistically significant for disease prevalence. This indicates no genetic cause-and-effect relationship between anesthesia and childhood intelligence. Conclusion: There were no adverse outcomes in neurocognitive development in 2 years after severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) procedure under total sevoflurane-inhalation in preschool children. The malnutrition condition in children can be improved after S-ECC procedure under general anesthesia. Limited MR evidence does not support a correlation between genetic susceptibility to anesthesia and an increased risk for intelligence in children.

17.
Heliyon ; 10(11): e32568, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38933953

RESUMO

The special "dual" hydrogeological structure in karst areas causes rainfall easily "leaking" into the ground, resulting a unique "karst drought". In these areas, drought and insufficient water resources seriously restrict the sustainable development of agriculture. In order to restore the ecology of karst desertification, develop ecological industries, improve the utilization efficiency of water resources, and advance water-saving agriculture in such areas, literature review method was applied to discuss the suitability of agronomic water-saving measures in karst areas. The results are as follows. (1) Agronomic water-saving measures including tillage, mulching, water-fertilizer coupling, chemical regulation, crop allocation and deficit irrigation can all enhance the crop WUE. For example, deep tillage and deep loosening increased the WUE by 15.1 % and 15.9 % respectively. The WUE of spring wheat under straw mulching increased by 17.17 %-43.01 % compared with that under mulching film. Increased density of intercropping corn and wheat saved 9.85 % of water. (2) The cultural or natural particularity of karst areas limits the application of all agronomic water-saving measures in karst areas, and therefore choices and adjustments are necessary according to local conditions: ① No tillage should be adopted because of the high output of labor force; ② straw mulching need to be crushed; ③ the coupling of water and fertilizer reaches better effect when applied to crops several hours before rainfall; ④ the shallow soil layer and the complexity of preparing water retaining agent make it unsuitable to use water retaining agent; ⑤ agroforestry with dwarf and dense planting is more suitable; ⑥ crop deficit irrigation can be carried out by using ecological small pools. Based on the above results, proposes are offered in the following. First, it is necessary to construct the optimal model of regional water and fertilizer coupling in karst areas, and apply composite agronomic water-saving measures. Second, it is suggested to establish a model of coordinating forest, grain and grass, and vigorously develop ecologically derivative agroforestry. Third, there is a necessity to strengthen the research and development of technology about soil and water leakage monitoring and resistance, and intensify studies on "five waters" transformation at the basin scale. The research results and implication are an important reference for developing water-saving agriculture, solving the shortage of agricultural water resources, ensuring the sustainability of agriculture and improving farmers' living standards. Rational use of agronomic water-saving measures is of great significance to enhance the utilization efficiency of water resources and boost regional economy in karst desertification areas.

18.
J Imaging ; 10(6)2024 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38921608

RESUMO

Hyperspectral images include information from a wide range of spectral bands deemed valuable for computer vision applications in various domains such as agriculture, surveillance, and reconnaissance. Anomaly detection in hyperspectral images has proven to be a crucial component of change and abnormality identification, enabling improved decision-making across various applications. These abnormalities/anomalies can be detected using background estimation techniques that do not require the prior knowledge of outliers. However, each hyperspectral anomaly detection (HS-AD) algorithm models the background differently. These different assumptions may fail to consider all the background constraints in various scenarios. We have developed a new approach called Greedy Ensemble Anomaly Detection (GE-AD) to address this shortcoming. It includes a greedy search algorithm to systematically determine the suitable base models from HS-AD algorithms and hyperspectral unmixing for the first stage of a stacking ensemble and employs a supervised classifier in the second stage of a stacking ensemble. It helps researchers with limited knowledge of the suitability of the HS-AD algorithms for the application scenarios to select the best methods automatically. Our evaluation shows that the proposed method achieves a higher average F1-macro score with statistical significance compared to the other individual methods used in the ensemble. This is validated on multiple datasets, including the Airport-Beach-Urban (ABU) dataset, the San Diego dataset, the Salinas dataset, the Hydice Urban dataset, and the Arizona dataset. The evaluation using the airport scenes from the ABU dataset shows that GE-AD achieves a 14.97% higher average F1-macro score than our previous method (HUE-AD), at least 17.19% higher than the individual methods used in the ensemble, and at least 28.53% higher than the other state-of-the-art ensemble anomaly detection algorithms. As using the combination of greedy algorithm and stacking ensemble to automatically select suitable base models and associated weights have not been widely explored in hyperspectral anomaly detection, we believe that our work will expand the knowledge in this research area and contribute to the wider application of this approach.

19.
Curr Med Chem ; 2024 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38920076

RESUMO

Methamphetamine (METH), an amphetamine-type stimulant, has been extensively abused globally in the past decades. METH use causes great harm to the major systems of the human body. Specifically, METH has a negative impact on the hypothalamic- pituitary-testicular axis, testicular structure, sperm function, ovarian folliculogenesis, oocyte quality, embryo development, and newborns. However, the mechanisms underlying these toxic effects have not yet been fully described. This study reviews the evidence concerning the impact of METH on male and female reproduction in the context of the testis, sperm, ovaries, oocytes, reproductive hormones, embryo development, and newborns, discussing the potential pathophysiological mechanisms in the reproductive toxicity induced by METH.

20.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1402250, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38855107

RESUMO

Background: This study aimed to employ plasma proteomics to investigate the molecular changes, pathway alterations, and potential novel biochemical markers associated with balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA) in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). Methods: Pre- and post-BPA plasma samples from five CTEPH patients in the PRACTICE study were analyzed to identify differentially expressed proteins. Proteomic and bioinformatics analyses were conducted, and the identified proteins were further validated using ELISA assays in a separate cohort of the same study. Correlation and multivariate regression analyses were performed to investigate the associations between these differentially expressed proteins and clinical parameters. Results: Significantly higher serum levels of asialoglycoprotein receptor 2 (ASGR2) were detected in 5 CTEPH patients compared to those in healthy individuals but decreased significantly after successful BPA procedures. The decrease in serum levels of ASGR2 after the completion of BPA procedures was further validated in a separate cohort of 48 patients with CTEPH [0.70 (0.51, 1.11) ng/mL vs. 0.38 (0.27, 0.59) ng/mL, P < 0.001]. Significant associations were found between the pre-BPA ASGR2 level and clinical parameters, including neutrophil percentage (R = 0.285, P < 0.05), platelet (PLT) count (R = 0.386, P < 0.05), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) before BPA (R = -0.285, P < 0.05). Significant associations were detected between post-BPA serum ASGR2 levels and lymphocyte percentage (LYM%) (R = 0.306, P < 0.05), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (R = -0.294, P < 0.05), and pulmonary vascular resistance after BPA (R = -0.35, P < 0.05). Multivariate stepwise regression analysis revealed that pre-BPA ASGR2 levels were associated with HDL-C and PLT count (both P < 0.001), while post-BPA ASGR2 levels were associated with LYM% (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Serum levels of ASGR2 may be a biomarker for the effectiveness of BPA treatment in CTEPH patients. The pre-BPA serum level of ASGR2 in CTEPH patients was associated with HDL-C and the PLT count. The post-BPA serum level of ASGR2 was correlated with the LYM%, which may reflect aspects of immune and inflammatory status.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão , Biomarcadores , Hipertensão Pulmonar , Embolia Pulmonar , Humanos , Masculino , Hipertensão Pulmonar/sangue , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/terapia , Feminino , Biomarcadores/sangue , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Embolia Pulmonar/sangue , Embolia Pulmonar/terapia , Idoso , Proteômica/métodos , Doença Crônica
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